Inkscape is a vector graphics editor application. It is distributed under a free software license, the GNU GPL. Its stated goal is to become a powerful graphics tool while being fully compliant with the XML, SVG, and CSS standards.
Without GNOME dependencies
Build error with libpng 1.2.x
If inkscape fails to build with the following error:
In file included from /usr/include/libpng12/png.h:474, from sp-image.cpp:44: /usr/include/libpng12/pngconf.h:328: error: expected constructor, destructor, or type conversion before '.' token /usr/include/libpng12/pngconf.h:329: error: '__dont__' does not name a type
You should be able to solve that by simply commenting the two mentioned Lines in
//__pngconf.h__ already includes setjmp.h; //__dont__ include it again.;
(I have got no idea what else those changes influence, so you might want to undo them after inkscape is built. This could be related to Debian Bug#522477 and might get fixed in libpng 1.4)