VMware/Installing Arch as a guest
Installing Arch Linux inside a VM (e.g. in VMWare running on Windows XP or using VMWare fusion on MacOS) works without trouble.
Removing the pata and sata hooks from /etc/mkinitcpio.conf does not cause problems. VMWare emulates an scsi drive (an ancestor of sata).
The VM Tools improve networking capability, cut and paste between the host and the guest under X, or access of the directories on host from the guest (called shared folders by vm ware)
Install the open-vm-tools package from community
pacman -Sy open-vm-tools
and start VMware tools with:
To start them automatically at boot, add the deamon to your /etc/rc.conf deamon array
DAEMONS=(.... ... .... open-vm-tools ...)
Beyond installing Xorg (see main article Xorg), the packages needed in order to be able to use X properly can be installed with
# pacman -S xf86-input-vmmouse xf86-video-vmware
and the fallback X drivers
# pacman -S xf86-input-mouse xf86-video-vesa
then configure X
# pacman -S hwd # hwd -x # cp /etc/X11/xorg.conf.vmware /etc/X11/xorg.conf
and edit /etc/X11/xorg.conf to set the mouse driver to vmmouse.
Start X (see main article).
A client software needs to run in order for cut and paste to work, start vmware-user (it should not run as root) on login by either adding the line
to .xinitrc or .xsession for startx or by adding the following file $HOME/.config/autostart/vmware-user.desktop
[Desktop Entry] Type=Application Name=VMWare User Agent Exec=vmware-user Icon=system-run Comment=Enable Unity, DnD, etc.
for e.g. gdm.
Unity is not install by default because the package uriparser is not maintained, although it is in aur. However, it works very well. To enable support for unity, you need to use the Arch Building System (see main article ABS).
Retrieve and compile uriparser
# abs $ mkdir -p ~/arch.abs/ $ cd ~/arch.abd $ mkdir -p aur/uriparser $ cd aur/uriparser $ wget aur.archlinux.org/packages/uriparser/uriparser/PKGBUILD $ makepkg -s $ sudo pacman -U --asdeps uriparser-*.pkg.tar.gz
Then modify the two packages modules/open-vm-tools-modules and system/open-vm-tools available from community and remove --disable-unity from the configure line. Then recompile them, starting with the modules, install with
$ makepkg -s $ sudo pacman -U --asdeps open-vm-modules-*.pkg.tar.gz
and finally the tools, install with
$ makepkg -s $ sudo pacman -U open-vm-tools-*.pkg.tar.gz
no --asdeps here.
Reboot, Unity should be enabled once vmware-user is running.
Create a new Shared Folder by selecting VM -> Settings... from the VMware Workstation menu. Select the Options tab and then Shared Folder. Check the Always enabled option and create a new share. For Windows XP you can create a share with the Name C and the Host Path C:\.
Then add the following line to you /etc/fstab file (changing uid/gid as needed):
.host:/ /mnt/hgfs vmhgfs defaults,user,ttl=5,uid=root,gid=root,fmask=0133,dmask=0022 0 0
Make the mount directory and mount the Shared Folders:
mkdir /mnt/hgfs mount /mnt/hgfs
All of your shared folders will now be visible by name under /mnt/hgfs
/mnt/hgfs/<Shared Folder Name>
For the Windows XP C share example:
ls /mnt/hgfs/C ... all your Windows files under C:\ ...
A more suitable cron
The arch guest is most likely neither running the whole time nor rebooted often. The default crond is therefore inappropriate. Change crond for fcron
# pacman -S fcron
and edit the system crontab /var/spool/fcron/systab so that it looks like
!mail(no) @lh /usr/sbin/run-cron /etc/cron.hourly @ld /usr/sbin/run-cron /etc/cron.daily @lw /usr/sbin/run-cron /etc/cron.weekly @lm /usr/sbin/run-cron /etc/cron.monthly
Prune mlocate DB
It is also useless to add the shared directories to the locate DB. Add the shared directories to PRUNEPATHS in /etc/updatedb
If there is a problem with networking, it is possible that the module pcnet32 steals the network interface from vmware, disabling it works,
- Installing VMware
- VMWare on Slackware Linux
- Installing vmware player -- the opposite of this ;)
- To get vmxnet working with the current (as of mid DEC06) stuff, review this: vmware tools 5.5.3, linux 2.6.19, vmxnet compile fix