Difference between revisions of "KDE"

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[[Category:Desktop environments]]
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[[tr:KDE_Masaüstü_Ortamı]]
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[[tr:KDE Masaüstü Ortamı]]
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{{Article summary start}}
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{{Related articles start}}
{{Article summary text|For users on Linux and Unix, KDE offers a full suite of user workspace applications which allow interaction with these operating systems in a modern, graphical user interface. This article covers its installation, configuration, and troubleshooting.}}
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{{Related|Desktop environment}}
{{Article summary text|KDE uses the [[Qt]] toolkit.}}
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{{Related|Display manager}}
{{Article summary heading|Overview}}
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{{Related|Dolphin}}
{{Article summary text|{{Graphical user interface overview}}}}
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{{Related|Window manager}}
{{Article summary heading|Related}}
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{{Related|Qt}}
{{Article summary wiki|Plasma}}
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{{Related|KDevelop}}
{{Article summary wiki|Qt}}
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{{Related|Trinity}}
{{Article summary wiki|KDM}}
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{{Related|Uniform Look for Qt and GTK Applications}}
{{Article summary wiki|KDevelop 4}}
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{{Related articles end}}
{{Article summary wiki|Uniform Look for Qt and GTK Applications}}
 
{{Article summary end}}
 
  
From [http://www.kde.org/community/whatiskde/softwarecompilation.php KDE - KDE Software Compilation]:
+
KDE is a software project currently comprising of a [[desktop environment]] known as Plasma, a collection of libraries and frameworks (KDE Frameworks) and several applications (KDE Applications) as well. KDE upstream has a well maintained [https://userbase.kde.org/ UserBase wiki]. Detailed information about most KDE applications can be found there.
  
:''The KDE Software Compilation grew out of the history of the KDE Project. In its inception, KDE was formed to create a beautiful, functional and free desktop computing environment for Linux and similar operating systems. At the time, these systems lacked a graphical user environment that could rival the offerings from the larger proprietary operating system vendors. KDE was created to fill this gap.''
+
== Installation ==
  
:''The KDE Software Compilation is the set of libraries, workspaces, and applications produced by KDE that share this common heritage, and continue to use the synchronized release cycle. Software may move in and out of this semi-formally defined collection depending on the particular needs of the contributors who are working on that software, with exceptions made to ensure that binary compatibility remains at the library level throughout any major release of the compilation.''
+
=== Plasma ===
  
From [http://www.kde.org/download/ KDE - Getting KDE Software]:
+
Before installing Plasma, make sure you have a working [[Xorg]] installation on your system.
  
:''KDE software consists of a large number of individual applications and a desktop workspace as a shell to run these applications. You can run KDE applications just fine on any desktop environment. KDE applications are built to integrate well with your system's components. By using also KDE workspace, you get even better integration of your applications with the working environment while lowering system resource needs.''
+
[[Install]] the {{Pkg|plasma-meta}} meta-package or the {{Grp|plasma}} group. For differences between {{Pkg|plasma-meta}} and {{Grp|plasma}} reference [[Creating packages#Meta packages and groups]]. Alternatively, for a more minimal Plasma installation, install the {{Pkg|plasma-desktop}} package.
  
The KDE upstream has a well maintained [http://userbase.kde.org/ UserBase wiki]. Users can get detailed information about most KDE applications there.
+
To enable support for [[Wayland]] in Plasma, also install the {{Pkg|plasma-wayland-session}} package.
  
==Overview==
+
=== KDE applications and language packs ===
'''KDE 4.10''' Software Compilation is the current major release of KDE. 
 
  
Important features of the Arch Linux KDE SC, in short:
+
To install the full set of KDE Applications, install the {{Grp|kde-applications}} group or the {{Pkg|kde-applications-meta}} meta-package. Note that this will only install applications, it will not install any version of Plasma.
* '''Split packages'''; for more Information see [[KDE Packages]].
 
* You can use different Phonon backends, like Gstreamer or VLC.
 
* Meta packages ensure a smooth upgrade and emulate the old monolithic packages for those who prefer them.
 
  
Important hints for upgraders:
+
Most KDE packages ship their own translations. The exception is KDE4-based packages from kde-applications. If you need language files for these packages, install {{ic|kde-l10n-'''''yourlanguagehere'''''}} (e.g. {{Pkg|kde-l10n-de}} for the German language). For a full list of available languages see the [https://www.archlinux.org/packages/extra/any/kde-l10n/ kde-l10n split package].
* Always check if your mirror is '''up to date'''.
 
* [[Pacman]] will ask you to replace '''all''' kde packages with kde-meta packages.
 
* '''Do not force an update'''.  If pacman complains about conflicts please '''file a bug report'''.
 
* You can remove the meta packages and the sub packages you do not need after the update.
 
* If you do not like split packages just keep using the kde-meta packages.
 
  
Information about upstream releases is available [http://kde.org/announcements/ here]
+
=== Unstable releases ===
  
==Installation==
+
See [[Official repositories#kde-unstable]]
KDE 4.x is '''modular'''. You can install an entire set of packages or only install your preferred KDE applications. See [[KDE Packages]] for more information.
 
  
{{Note|If you do not have [[Xorg#Installation|Xorg]] installed on your system, be sure to install it beforehand, or include it in the process of installing KDE.}}
+
== Starting Plasma ==
 +
{{Note|Although it is possible to launch Plasma under [[Wayland]], there are some missing features and known problems as of Plasma 5.10. See the [https://community.kde.org/Plasma/5.10_Errata#Wayland Plasma 5.10 Errata] for a list of issues and the [https://phabricator.kde.org/project/board/99/ Plasma on Wayland workboard] for the current state of development. Use [[Xorg]] for the most complete and stable experience.}}
  
=== Full install ===
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Plasma can be started either graphically, using a [[display manager]], or manually from the console.
[[pacman|Install]] {{Grp|kde}} or {{Grp|kde-meta}} available in the [[official repositories]]. If you need language files, install {{ic|kde-l10n-yourlanguagehere}} (e.g. {{Pkg|kde-l10n-de}} for the German language).
 
  
{{Note|For differences between {{Grp|kde}} and {{Grp|kde-meta}} see the [[KDE Packages]] article.}}
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=== Graphically ===
  
{{Note|For a full list of available languages see [https://www.archlinux.org/packages/extra/any/kde-l10n/ this link].}}
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{{Tip|To better integrate [[SDDM]] with Plasma, it is recommended to (force-)select the breeze theme. Related setting is located at ''System Settings > Startup and Shutdown''. See [[SDDM#Theme settings]].}}
  
=== Minimal install ===
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Using a [[Display manager]]:
If you want to have a minimal installation of the KDE SC, install {{Grp|kdebase}}, {{Pkg|phonon-vlc}} or {{Pkg|phonon-gstreamer}} and, optionally, a language pack {{ic|kde-l10n-yourlanguagehere}} (becomes {{Pkg|kde-l10n-en_gb}} for British English language data).
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* Select ''Plasma'' to launch a new session in [[Xorg]].
 +
* [[Install]] {{Pkg|plasma-wayland-session}} and select ''Plasma (Wayland)'' to launch a new session in [[Wayland]].
  
{{Note|Various Phonon backends require a {{ic|ttf-*}} font package. {{Pkg|phonon-vlc}} already requires {{Pkg|ttf-freefont}}, but when using {{Pkg|phonon-gstreamer}} you should add {{Pkg|ttf-dejavu}} or another too. For more information see {{Bug|26012}}.}}
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{{Note|The [[NVIDIA]] proprietary driver implementation for Wayland requires EGLStreams. KDE have not implemented EGLStreams in their Wayland [https://blog.martin-graesslin.com/blog/2016/09/to-eglstream-or-not implementation]. The following workarounds are available:
 +
*Using the [[Nouveau]] driver.
 +
*Using the (default) Xorg session.
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
=== Manual ===
 +
 
 +
To start Plasma with [[xinit]]/''startx'', append {{ic|exec startkde}} to your {{ic|.xinitrc}} file. If you want to start Xorg at login, please see [[Start X at login]]. To start a Plasma on Wayland session from a console, run {{ic|startplasmacompositor}}.
 +
 
 +
== Configuration ==
 +
 
 +
Most settings for KDE applications are stored in {{ic|~/.config}}, but some older applications may use {{ic|~/.kde4}}. However, configuring KDE is primarily done through the '''System Settings''' application. It can be started from a terminal by executing {{ic|systemsettings5}}.
 +
 
 +
Some Frameworks 5 applications can use KDElibs 4 configuration, after moving the configuration files to the new location. Examples are:
 +
 
 +
* Konsole profiles from {{ic|~/.kde4/share/apps/konsole}} to {{ic|~/.local/share/konsole/}}
 +
* Application appearance from {{ic|~/.kde4/share/config/kdeglobals}} to {{ic|~/.config/kdeglobals}}  
 +
 
 +
=== Personalization ===
 +
 
 +
==== Plasma desktop ====
 +
 
 +
===== Themes =====
 +
 
 +
[https://store.kde.org/browse/cat/104/ Plasma themes] define the look of panels and plasmoids. For easy system-wide installation, some such themes are available in both the official repositories and the [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?O=0&K=plasmatheme&do_Search=Go AUR].
 +
 
 +
The easiest way to install themes is by going through the ''System Settings > Workspace Theme > Desktop Theme > Get new Themes''.
 +
 
 +
This will present a nice frontend for https://store.kde.org/ that allows you to install, uninstall, or update third-party plasmoid scripts with literally just one click.
 +
 
 +
Splash and Lock screens are currently unavailable so to customize these screens you have to modify the original theme found in {{ic|/usr/share/plasma/look-and-feel/}}.
 +
See [https://www.kubuntuforums.net/showthread.php?67599-Plasma-5-background-images&s=59832dc20e5bfc2948dbb591d8453f61 this thread] on the Kubuntu forums.
 +
 
 +
Note that the [[SDDM]] login screen is not part of this theme.
 +
 
 +
====== Qt and GTK+ Applications Appearance ======
 +
 
 +
{{Tip|For Qt and GTK theme consistency, see [[Uniform look for Qt and GTK applications]].}}
 +
 
 +
; Qt4
 +
 
 +
For Qt4 applications to have a consistent appearance, there are two options:
 +
 
 +
Install {{Pkg|breeze-kde4}} and then pick Breeze as GUI Style in {{ic|qtconfig-qt4}}; or install {{Pkg|breeze-gtk}} and pick GTK+ as GUI Style.
  
==Starting KDE==
+
; GTK+
  
Starting KDE depends on your preferences. Basically there are two ways of starting KDE. Using '''KDM''' or '''xinitrc'''.
+
The recommended theme for a pleasant appearance in GTK+ applications is {{Pkg|breeze-gtk}} or {{AUR|gnome-breeze-git}}, a GTK+ theme designed to mimic the appearance of Plasma's Breeze theme.
 +
Install {{Pkg|kde-gtk-config}} and select the installed GTK-theme for GTK2/GTK3-Theme in ''System Settings > Application Style > GNOME Application Style''.
  
=== Using KDM (KDE Display Manager)===
+
In some themes, tooltips in GTK+ applications have white text on white backgrounds making it difficult to read. To change the colors in GTK2 applications, find the section for tooltips in the {{ic|.gtkrc-2.0}} file and change it. For GTK3 application two files need to be changed, {{ic|gtk.css}} and {{ic|settings.ini}}.
 +
It might also help to uncheck the option to ''Apply colors to non-Qt applications'' under ''System Settings'' > ''Colors''.
  
''It is highly recommended to get familiar with the [[Display Manager|full article]] concerning display managers, before you make any changes. See also [[KDM]] Wiki page.''
+
Some GTK2 programs like {{AUR|vuescan-bin}} still look hardly usable due to invisible checkboxes with the Breeze or Adwaita skin in a Plasma session. To workaround this, install and select e.g. the Numix-Frost-Light skin of the {{AUR|numix-frost-themes}} under ''System Settings'' > ''Application Style'' > ''GNOME Application Style (GTK)'' > ''Select a GTK2 Theme:''. Numix-Frost-Light looks similar to Breeze.
  
{{note|Arch Linux uses by default [[systemd]] as the init system.}}
+
===== Widgets =====
  
Enable the service for KDM as follows:
+
Plasmoids are little scripted (plasmoid scripts) or coded (plasmoid binaries) KDE applications designed to enhance the functionality of your desktop.
  
# systemctl enable kdm.service
+
The easiest way to install plasmoid scripts is by right-clicking onto a panel or the desktop and choosing ''Add Widgets > Get new Widgets > Download Widgets''.
 +
This will present a nice frontend for https://store.kde.org/ that allows you to install, uninstall, or update third-party plasmoid scripts with literally just one click.
  
Then reboot the system or run the command:
+
Many Plasmoid binaries are [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?O=0&K=plasmoid&do_Search=Go&PP=25&SO=d&SB=v available from the AUR].
  
# systemctl start kdm.service
+
===== Sound applet in the system tray =====
  
===Using xinitrc===
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[[Install]] {{Pkg|plasma-pa}} or {{Pkg|kmix}} (start Kmix from the Application Launcher). {{Pkg|plasma-pa}} is now installed by default with {{Grp|plasma}}, no further configuration needed.
''The meaning and usage of '''xinitrc''' is very well described [[Xinitrc|here]].
 
  
{{pkg|kdebase-workspace}} provides startkde. Make sure it is installed. Then edit {{ic|~/.xinitrc}}, uncomment:
+
{{Note|1=To adjust the [https://bugs.kde.org/show_bug.cgi?id=313579#c28 step size of volume increments/decrements], add e.g. {{ic|1=VolumePercentageStep=1}} in the {{ic|[Global]}} section of {{ic|~/.config/kmixrc}}.}}
exec startkde
 
  
See [[xinitrc]] for details, such as preserving the logind (and/or [[ConsoleKit]]) session.
+
===== Disable panel shadow =====
  
After a reboot and/or log-in, each execution of Xorg ('''startx''' or '''xinit''') will start KDE automatically.
+
As the Plasma panel is on top of other windows, its shadow is drawn over them. [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=1228394#p1228394] To disable this behaviour without impacting other shadows, [[install]] {{Pkg|xorg-xprop}} and run:
  
{{Note| If you want to start Xorg at boot, please read [[Start X at Login]] article.}}
+
$ xprop -remove _KDE_NET_WM_SHADOW
  
==Configuration==
+
then select the panel with the plus-sized cursor. [https://forum.kde.org/viewtopic.php?f=285&t=121592] For automation, install {{Pkg|xorg-xwininfo}} and create the following script:
{{Note| Configuring KDE is primarily done in ''''System Settings''''. There are also a few other options available for the desktop with ''''Default Desktop Settings'''' when you right click the desktop.}}
 
  
For other personalization options not covered below such as activities, different wallpapers on one cube, etc please refer to the [[Plasma]] wiki page.
+
{{hc|/usr/local/bin/kde-no-shadow|<nowiki>
 +
#!/bin/bash
 +
for WID in $(xwininfo -root -tree | sed '/"Plasma": ("plasmashell" "plasmashell")/!d; s/^  *\([^ ]*\) .*/\1/g'); do
 +
  xprop -id $WID -remove _KDE_NET_WM_SHADOW
 +
done
 +
</nowiki>}}
  
===Personalization===
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The script can be run on login with ''Add Script'' in ''Autostart'':
How to set up the KDE desktop to your personal style; use different Plasma themes, window decorations and icon themes.
 
  
====Plasma Desktop====
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$ kcmshell5 autostart
[[Plasma]] is a desktop integration technology that provides many functions from displaying the wallpaper, adding widgets to the desktop, and handling the panels or "taskbar".
 
  
=====Themes=====
+
==== Window decorations ====
[http://kde-look.org/index.php?xcontentmode=76 Plasma themes] can be installed through the Desktop Settings control panel. Plasma themes define how your panels and plasmoids look like. If you like to have them installed system-wide, themes can be found in both the official repositories and [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?O=0&K=plasmatheme&do_Search=Go AUR].
 
  
=====Widgets=====
+
[https://store.kde.org/browse/cat/114/ Window decorations] can be changed in ''System Settings > Application Style > Window Decorations''.
Plasmoids are little scripted or coded KDE apps that enhance the functionality of your desktop. There are two kinds, plasmoid scripts and plasmoid binaries.
 
  
Plasmoid binaries must be installed using PKGBUILDS from [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?O=0&K=plasmoid&do_Search=Go&PP=25&SO=d&SB=v AUR].  Or write your own PKGBUILD.
+
There you can also directly download and install more themes with one click, and some are available in the [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?O=0&K=kdestyle&do_Search=Go&PP=25&SO=d&SB=v AUR].
  
The easiest way to install plasmoid scripts is by right-clicking onto a panel or the desktop:
+
==== Icon themes ====
  
Add Widgets -> Get new Widgets -> Download Widgets
+
Icon themes can be installed and changed on ''System Settings > Icons''.
  
This will present a nice frontend for [http://www.kde-look.org/ kde-look.org] and allows you to (un)install or update third-party plasmoid scripts with just one click.
+
{{Note|Although all modern Linux desktops share the same icon theme format, desktops like [[GNOME]] use fewer icons (esp. in menus and toolbars). Themes developed for such desktops usually lack icons required by Plasma and KDE apps. It is recommended to install Plasma compatible icon themes instead.}}
  
Most plasmoids are not created officially by KDE developers.  You can also try installing Mac OS X widgets, Microsoft Windows Vista/7 widgets, Google Widgets, and even SuperKaramba widgets.
+
==== Fonts ====
  
====Window Decorations====
+
===== Fonts in a Plasma session look poor =====
[http://kde-look.org/index.php?xcontentmode=75 Window decorations] can be changed in
 
System Settings -> Workspace Appearance -> Window Decorations
 
There you can also directly download and install more themes with one click and some are available on [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?O=0&K=kdestyle&do_Search=Go&PP=25&SO=d&SB=v AUR].
 
  
====Icon Themes====
+
Try installing the {{Pkg|ttf-dejavu}} and {{Pkg|ttf-liberation}} packages.
Not many full system icons themes are available for KDE 4.  You can open up '''System Settings > Application Appearance > Icons''' and browse for new ones or install them manually. Many of them can be found on [http://www.kde-look.org/ kde-look.org].
 
  
Official logos, icons, CD labels and other artwork for Arch Linux are provided in the {{Pkg|archlinux-artwork}} package. After installing you can find such artwork at {{ic|/usr/share/archlinux/}}.
+
After the installation, be sure to log out and back in. You should not have to modify anything in ''System Settings > Fonts''. If you are using {{Pkg|qt5ct}}, the settings in Qt5 Configuration Tool may override the font settings in System Settings.
  
====Fonts====
+
If you have personally set up how your [[Fonts]] render, be aware that System Settings may alter their appearance. When you go ''System Settings > Fonts'' System Settings will likely alter your font configuration file ({{ic|fonts.conf}}).
===== Fonts in KDE look poor =====
 
Try installing the {{Pkg|ttf-dejavu}} and {{Pkg|ttf-liberation}} packages.  
 
  
After the installation, be sure to log out and back in. You should not have to modify any settings in the "Fonts" panel of the KDE System Settings application.
+
There is no way to prevent this, but, if you set the values to match your {{ic|fonts.conf}} file, the expected font rendering will return (it will require you to restart your application or in a few cases restart your desktop). Note that Gnome's Font Preferences also does this.
  
If you have personally set up how your [[Fonts]] render, be aware that System Settings may alter their appearance.  When you go '''System Settings > Appearance > Fonts''' System Settings will likely alter your font configuration file ({{ic|fonts.conf}}).
+
===== Fonts are huge or seem disproportional =====
  
There is no way to prevent this but if you set the values to match your {{ic|fonts.conf}} file the expected font rendering will return (it will require you to restart your application or in a few cases for you to have to restart your desktop).  
+
Try to force font DPI to {{ic|'''96'''}} in ''System Settings > Fonts''.
  
Note too that Gnomes' Font Preferences will also do this if you use both desktop environments.
+
If that does not work, try setting the DPI directly in your Xorg configuration as documented in [[Xorg#Setting DPI manually]].
  
===== Fonts are huge or seems disproportional =====
+
==== Space efficiency ====
Try to force fonts DPI to '''96''' on '''System Settings > Application Appearance > Fonts.'''
 
  
If it does not work try set DPI directly on Xorg configuration [[Xorg#Setting_DPI_manually|here]].
+
The Plasma Netbook shell has been dropped from Plasma 5, see the following [https://forum.kde.org/viewtopic.php?f=289&t=126631&p=335947&hilit=plasma+netbook#p335899 KDE forum post]
 +
However, you can achieve something similar by editing the file {{ic|~/.config/kwinrc}} adding
 +
{{ic|1=BorderlessMaximizedWindows=true}} in the {{ic|[Windows]}} section.
  
====Space efficiency====
+
==== Thumbnail generation ====
 +
To allow thumbnail generation for media or document files on the desktop and in Dolphin, install {{Pkg|kdegraphics-thumbnailers}}, {{Pkg|ffmpegthumbs}} and {{AUR|kde-thumbnailer-odf}}.
  
Users with small screens (eg Netbooks) can change some setting to make KDE more space efficient. See [http://userbase.kde.org/KWin#Using with small screens (eg Netbooks)|upstream wiki] for more info. Also you can use [http://www.kde.org/workspaces/plasmanetbook/ KDE's Plasma Netbook] which is a workspace made specifically for small, lightweight netbook devices.
+
Then enable the thumbnail categories for the desktop via ''right click'' on the ''desktop background'' > ''Configure Desktop'' > ''Icons'' > ''More Preview Options...''.
  
=== Networking ===
+
In ''Dolphin'', navigate to ''Control'' > ''General'' > ''Previews''.
You can choose from the following tools:
 
* NetworkManager.  See [[NetworkManager#KDE4|NetworkManager]] for more information.
 
* Wicd and its KDE front end {{AUR|wicd-kde}}. See [[Wicd]] for more information.
 
  
 
=== Printing ===
 
=== Printing ===
{{Tip|Use the [[CUPS]] web interface for faster configuration.}}
 
  
The printers are configured in this way can be found in applications KDE.  
+
{{Tip|Use the [[CUPS]] web interface for faster configuration. Printers configured in this way can be used in KDE applications. }}
 +
 
 +
You can also configure printers in ''System Settings > Printers''. To use this method, you must first install {{Pkg|print-manager}} and {{Pkg|cups}}. See [[CUPS#Configuration]].
 +
 
 +
=== Samba/Windows support ===
 +
 
 +
If you want to have access to Windows services, install [[Samba]] (package {{Pkg|samba}}).
 +
 
 +
The Dolphin share functionality requires the package {{Pkg|kdenetwork-filesharing}} and usershares, which the stock {{ic|smb.conf}} does not have enabled. Instructions to add them are in [[Samba#Creating usershare path]], after which sharing in Dolphin should work out of the box after restarting Samba.
 +
 
 +
Plasma's abilities to access SMB shares are limited, though. Writing to Windows shares is problematic and opening files from such shares, e.g. large videos, makes Plasma copying the whole file to the local system first.
 +
To workaround this, you can install a GTK based file browser like {{Pkg|thunar}} with {{Pkg|gvfs}} and {{Pkg|gvfs-smb}} (and {{Pkg|gnome-keyring}} for saving login credentials) to access SMB shares in a more able way.
 +
Another possible workaround is to [[mount]] a Samba share via {{Pkg|cifs-utils}} to make it look to Plasma like if the SMB share was just a normal local folder and thus can be accessed normally.
 +
The mount command could look like the following for write access to a public share:
 +
# mount -t cifs -o username=*,password=*,uid=1000,gid=1000,file_mode=0660,dir_mode=0770 //networkhost/share/ /home/user/localmountpoint/
 +
Make it permanent:
 +
{{hc|/etc/fstab|<nowiki>
 +
//networkhost/share/ /home/user/localmountpoint/ cifs defaults,username=*,password=*,uid=1000,gid=1000,file_mode=0660,dir_mode=0770 0 2
 +
</nowiki>}}
 +
It migh or it might not be necessary to append {{ic|.local}} to the hostname.
  
You can also choose the printer configuration through '''System Settings -> Printer Configuration'''. To use this method, you must first install the packages {{Pkg|kdeutils-print-manager}} and {{Pkg|cups}}.
+
An easier solution is to use {{AUR|samba-mounter-git}}, which offers basically the same functionality via an easy to use option located at ''System Settings'' > ''Network Drivers''.
  
You need to start the avahi-daemon and cupsd daemons first or you will get the following error:
+
=== KDE Desktop activities ===
{{bc|The service 'Printer Configuration' does not provide an interface 'KCModule'  
+
 
with keyword 'system-config- printer-kde/system-config-printer-kde.py'  
+
[https://userbase.kde.org/Plasma#Activities KDE Desktop Activities] are special workspaces where you can select specific settings for each activity that apply only when you are using said activity.
The factory does not support creating components of the specified type.
+
 
 +
=== Power saving ===
 +
 
 +
[[Install]] {{Pkg|powerdevil}} for an integrated power saving service called "'''Powerdevil Power Management'''", that may adjust the power saving profile of the system and/or the brightness of the screen (if supported).
 +
 
 +
{{Accuracy|Regarding the note below, it might be that the problem is the logind setting ''LidSwitchIgnoreInhibited'' which defaults to ''yes''. [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid&#61;1649022#p1649022]}}
 +
 
 +
{{Note|Powerdevil may not [[Power management#Power managers|inhibit]] all logind settings (such as the lid close action for laptops). In these cases, the logind setting itself will need to be changed - see [[Power management#Power management with systemd]].}}
 +
 
 +
=== Autostarting applications ===
 +
 
 +
Plasma can autostart applications and run scripts on startup and shutdown. To autostart an application, navigate to ''System Settings > Startup and Shutdown > Autostart'' and add the program or shell script of your choice. For applications, a {{ic|.desktop}} file will be created, for shell scripts, a symlink will be created.
 +
 
 +
{{Note|
 +
* Programs can be autostarted on login only, whilst shell scripts can also be run on shutdown or even before Plasma itself starts.
 +
* Shell scripts will only be run if they are marked executable.
 
}}
 
}}
  
If you are getting the following error, you need to give the user rights to manage printers:  
+
Place [[Desktop entries]] (i.e. {{ic|.desktop}} files) here:
There was an error during CUPS operation: 'cups-authorization-canceled'
 
  
For CUPS, this is set in {{ic|/etc/cups/cupsd.conf}}.
+
; {{ic|~/.config/autostart}}: for starting applications at login.
  
Adding '''lp''' to '''SystemGroup''' allows anyone who can print to configure printers. You can, of course, add another group instead of '''lp'''.
+
Place or symlink shell scripts in one of the following directories:
{{hc|/etc/cups/cupsd.conf|# Administrator user group...
 
SystemGroup sys root lp}}
 
  
===Samba/Windows support===
+
; {{ic|~/.config/plasma-workspace/env}}: for executing scripts at login before launching Plasma.
If you want to have access to Windows services install [[Samba]] (package {{Pkg|samba}}).
+
; {{ic|~/.config/autostart-scripts}}: for executing scripts at login.
 +
; {{ic|~/.config/plasma-workspace/shutdown}}: for executing scripts on shutdown.
  
You may then configure your Samba shares through
+
=== Phonon ===
  
  System Settings -> Sharing -> Samba
+
From [[Wikipedia:Phonon (software)|Wikipedia]]:
  
=== KDE Desktop Activities ===
+
:''“Phonon is the multimedia API provided by KDE and is the standard abstraction for handling multimedia streams within KDE software and also used by several Qt applications.
KDE Desktop Activities are Plasma based "virtual desktop"-like set of Plasma Widgets where you can independently configure widgets as if you had more than one screens/desktops.  
 
  
On your desktop, click the Cashew Plasmoid and on the pop-up window press "Activities".
+
Phonon was originally created to allow KDE and Qt software to be independent of any single multimedia framework such as GStreamer or xine and to provide a stable API for a major version's lifetime.”''
  
A plasma bar will appear at the bottom of the screen which presents you the current Plasma Desktop Activities which exist. You can then navigate between them by pressing their correspondent icon.
+
'''Phonon''' is being widely used within KDE, for both audio (e.g., the System notifications or KDE audio apps) and video (e.g., the Dolphin video thumbnails).
  
===Power Saving===
+
==== Which backend should I choose? ====
KDE has an integrated power saving service called "'''Powerdevil Power Management'''" that may adjust the power saving profile of the system and/or the brightness of the screen (if supported).
 
  
==== How to enable Cpufreq based power saving ====
+
You can choose between backends based on [[GStreamer]] and [[VLC]] – each available in versions for Qt4 applications and Qt5 applications ({{Pkg|phonon-qt4-gstreamer}}, {{Pkg|phonon-qt5-gstreamer}} – {{Pkg|phonon-qt4-vlc}}, {{Pkg|phonon-qt5-vlc}}).
Since KDE 4.6, CPU frequency scaling is no longer managed by KDE.  Instead it is assumed to be handled automatically by the the hardware and/or kernel.  Arch uses {{ic|ondemand}} as default cpufreq governor from kernel vesion 3.3. See [[cpufreq|wiki article on cpufreq]].
 
  
If you are happy with setting your governor once at boot (with the {{ic|cpufreq}} daemon script, for example) then this section is not relevant and can be skipped.
+
[https://www.phoronix.com/scan.php?page=news_item&px=MTUwNDM Upstream prefers VLC] but prominent Linux distributions (Kubuntu and Fedora-KDE for example) prefer GStreamer because that allows them to easily leave out patented MPEG codecs from the default installation. Both backends have a slightly different [https://community.kde.org/Phonon/FeatureMatrix features set].
  
1. If you have not already done so, install the {{Pkg|cpufrequtils}} package (for the '''cpufreq-set''' utility).
+
In the past other backends were developed as well but are no longer maintained and their AUR packages have been deleted.
  
2. Next, you will need to grant access to '''cpufreq-set''' for the appropriate users by configuring [[sudo]]. For example, if you are part of the ''wheel'' group, you could use {{ic|visudo}} to add
+
{{Note|1=<br>
%wheel ALL = (ALL) NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/cpufreq-set
+
* Multiple backends can be installed at once and prioritized at ''System Settings > Multimedia > Backend''.
to your {{ic|sudoers}} file.
+
* According to the [https://forum.kde.org/viewtopic.php?f=250&t=126476&p=335080 KDE forums], the VLC backend lacks support for [[wikipedia:ReplayGain|ReplayGain]].
 +
* If you choose the vlc backend, you may experience crashes every time kde wants to send you a audible warning (and in quite a number of other cases as well, see [https://forum.kde.org/viewtopic.php?f=289&t=135956])
 +
* A possible fix is to run
 +
{{bc|# /usr/lib/vlc/vlc-cache-gen -f /usr/lib/vlc/plugins}}
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
== Applications ==
 +
 
 +
The KDE project provides a suite of applications that integrate with the Plasma desktop. See the {{Grp|kde-applications}} group for a full listing of the available applications. Also see [[:Category:KDE]] for related KDE application pages.
  
3. From '''System Settings > Power Management > Power Profiles''' select a profile to edit or create a new one.  Check the '''Run Script''' option and add an appropriate {{ic|cpufreq-set}} command for the selected power profile. For example, your "Powersave" profile might have:
+
Aside from the programs provided in KDE Applications, there are many other applications available that can complement the Plasma desktop. Some of these are discussed below.
sudo cpufreq-set -r -g ondemand
 
Your "Performance" profile might have
 
sudo cpufreq-set -r -g performance
 
  
{{Note | The ''cpufreq-set'' examples above may be insufficient for setting the governor for all processors/cores.
+
=== System administration ===
For some CPU families the {{ic|-r}} switch may not set the governor for all cores/cpus and instead only set the governor for CPU 0. In this case you will need to write a script to iterate through all your cores. A simple script for a four core system could look like:
+
 
#!/bin/bash
+
==== Terminate Xorg server through KDE System Settings ====
for i in {0..3}; do
+
 
  sudo /usr/bin/cpufreq-set -c${i} -gondemand
+
Navigate to the submenu ''System Settings > Input Devices > Keyboard > Advanced (tab) > "Key Sequence to kill the X server"'' and ensure that the checkbox is ticked.
done
+
 
}}
+
==== KCM ====
 +
 
 +
KCM stands for '''KC'''onfig '''M'''odule. KCMs can help you configure your system by providing interfaces in System Settings, or through the command line with ''kcmshell5''.
 +
 
 +
* {{App|kde-gtk-config|GTK2 and GTK3 Configurator for KDE.|https://cgit.kde.org/kde-gtk-config.git|{{Pkg|kde-gtk-config}}}}
 +
* {{App|kcm-gtk|A GTK appearance KConfig Module.|https://launchpad.net/kcm-gtk|{{AUR|kcm-gtk}}{{Broken package link|{{aur-mirror|kcm-gtk}}}}}}
 +
* {{App|KCM Qt Graphics System|This KCM allows you to easily configure the standard Qt graphics system.|https://www.linux-apps.com/p/1127857/|{{AUR|kcm-qt-graphicssystem}}}}
 +
* {{App|UFW KControl Module|KDE4 control module for UFW ([[Uncomplicated Firewall]]).|https://www.linux-apps.com/p/1127851/|{{AUR|kcm-ufw}}}}
 +
* {{App|System policies|Set of configuration modules which allows administrator to change [[PolicyKit]] settings.|https://cgit.kde.org/polkit-kde-kcmodules-1.git|{{AUR|kcm-polkit-kde-git}}}}
 +
* {{App|wacom tablet|KDE GUI for the Wacom Linux Drivers.|https://www.linux-apps.com/p/1127862/|{{AUR|kcm-wacomtablet}}}}
 +
* {{App|Kcmsystemd|systemd control module for KDE.|https://github.com/rthomsen/kcmsystemd|{{Pkg|systemd-kcm}}}}
  
{{Note | You can check which governors are active with {{ic|cpufreq-info -o}} or less intuitively by inspecting {{ic|/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu*/cpufreq/scaling_governor}}.
+
More KCMs can be found at [https://www.linux-apps.com/search?projectSearchText=KCM linux-apps.com].
}}
 
  
===Monitoring changes on local files and directories===
+
=== Desktop search ===
KDE now uses '''inotify''' directly from the kernel with '''kdirwatch''' (included in kdelibs), so Gamin or FAM are no longer needed. You may want to install this {{AUR|kdirwatch}} from AUR which is a GUI frontend for kdirwatch.
 
  
==System Administration==
+
KDE implements desktop search with a software called Baloo, a file indexing and searching solution.
===Set keyboard layout in order switch language inputs===
 
In order to do that, navigate to
 
    System Settings > Hardware > Input Devices > Keyboard
 
There you may choose your keyboard model at first.
 
{{Note| It is preferable that, if you use Evdev, that means Xorg automatic configuration for keyboards, you should choose "Evdev-managed keyboard".}}
 
In the "'''Layouts'''" tab, you choose the languages you may want to use by pressing the "Add Layout" button and therefore the variant and the language.
 
In the "'''Advanced'''" tab, you can choose the keyboard combination you want in order to change the layouts in the "Key(s) to change layout" sub-menu.
 
  
===Terminate Xorg-server through KDE system settings===
+
==== Baloo ====
Navigate to
 
    System Settings -> Input Devices -> Keyboard -> Advanced (tab) > "Key Sequence to kill the X server" submenu
 
and tick the checkbox.
 
  
===Useful KCM===
+
===== Using and configuring Baloo =====
KCM means KConfig Module. This modules help you to configure you system providing a interface on System Settings.
 
  
'''Configuration for look&feel of your GTK apps.'''
+
In order to search using Baloo on the Plasma desktop, start krunner (default keyboard shortcut {{ic|ALT+F2}}) and type in your query. Within Dolphin press {{ic|CTRL+F}}.
* {{AUR|kde-gtk-config}} (formerly known as chakra-gtk-config).
 
* {{AUR|kcm-gtk}}
 
* {{AUR|kcm-qt-graphicssystem}}
 
  
'''Configuration for the GRUB2 bootloader.'''
+
By default the Desktop Search KCM exposes only two options: A panel to blacklist folders and a way to disable it with one click.
* {{AUR|grub2-editor}}
 
* {{AUR|kcm-grub2}}
 
  
'''Configuration for Synaptics driver based touchpads.'''
+
Alternatively you can edit your {{ic|~/.config/baloofilerc}} file ([https://community.kde.org/Baloo/Configuration info]). Additionally the {{ic|balooctl}} process can also be used. In order to disable Baloo run {{ic|balooctl stop}} and {{ic|balooctl disable}}.
* {{Pkg|synaptiks}}
 
* {{AUR|kcm_touchpad}}
 
  
'''Configuration for main system config file rc.conf.'''
+
Once you added additional folders to the blacklist or disabled Baloo entirely, a process named {{ic|baloo_file_cleaner}} removes all unneeded index files automatically. They are stored under {{ic|~/.local/share/baloo/}}.
* {{AUR|kcm-rcconf-settings}}
 
  
'''Configuration for [[Firewalls#ufw|UFW]]'''
+
===== How do I index a removable device? =====
* {{AUR|kcm-ufw}}
 
  
'''Configuration for [[PolicyKit]]'''
+
By default every removable device is blacklisted. You just have to remove your device from the blacklist in the KCM panel.
* {{AUR|kcm-polkit-kde-git}}
 
  
'''Configuration for Wacom Tablet'''
+
=== Web browsers ===
* {{AUR|kcm-wacomtablet}}
 
  
More KCM can be found [http://kde-apps.org/index.php?xcontentmode=273 here].
+
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Konqueror|Konqueror]]|Part of the KDE project, supports two rendering engines – KHTML and the [[Chromium]]-based Qt WebEngine.|https://konqueror.org/|{{Pkg|konqueror}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:QupZilla|QupZilla]]|A Qt web browser with Plasma integration features. It uses Qt WebEngine.|https://www.qupzilla.com/|{{Pkg|qupzilla}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Chromium]]|Chromium and its proprietary variant Google Chrome have limited Plasma integration. [[KDE Wallet#KDE Wallet for Chrome and Chromium|They can use KWallet]] and KDE Open/Save windows.|https://www.chromium.org/|{{Pkg|chromium}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Firefox]]|Firefox can be configured to better integrate with Plasma. See [[Firefox#KDE/GNOME integration|Firefox KDE integration]] for details.|https://mozilla.org/firefox|{{Pkg|firefox}}}}
  
==Desktop Search and Semantic Desktop==
+
=== PIM ===
Most users who freshly install KDE are wondering what functionality the following four pieces of software are able to offer. Most features are still somehow hidden under the hood and yet not many applications featured in the KDE SC are using these interfaces. This chapter intends to first explain the features and then convince the user of the power these tools offer once properly integrated into KDE. The following sections are more or less a roughly shortened version of [http://thomasmcguire.wordpress.com/2009/10/03/akonadi-nepomuk-and-strigi-explained/  this blogpost].
 
  
===Soprano===
+
KDE offers its own stack for personal information management. This includes emails, contacts, calendar, etc.
Soprano is a library for Qt that is able to process RDF data. This is semantic data. Semantic data is a special kind of metadata which is much more flexible than metadata you might know from MP3-Tags or Meta-Tags in HTML since RDF data more resembles the structure of a spoken sentence, thus allowing a much wider field of ways dealing with them. Soprano stores semantic data in a backend and allows low level access to this data.
 
  
===Nepomuk===
+
==== Akonadi ====
Nepomuk is somehow the glue between Soprano and the KDE Desktop and thus the user. Nepomuk allows to tag the files with various entries and offers an API for the applications featured in KDE SC. It is enabled by default. Nepomuk can be turned on and off in
 
System Settings -> Desktop Search
 
  
Nepomuk has to keep the trace of a lot of files, because of that is recommended to increase the number of files that can be watched with inotify, to do that:
+
Akonadi is a system meant to act as a local cache for PIM data, regardless of its origin, which can be then used by other applications. This includes the user's emails, contacts, calendars, events, journals, alarms, notes, and so on.
sysctl fs.inotify.max_user_watches=524288
 
  
To do it persistant:
+
Akonadi does not store any data by itself: the storage format depends on the nature of the data (for example, contacts may be stored in vCard format).
echo "fs.inotify.max_user_watches = 524288" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
 
  
And restart Nepomuk.
+
===== Installation =====
  
===Akonadi===
+
Install {{Pkg|akonadi}}. For additional addons, install {{Pkg|kdepim-addons}}. For EWS support, install {{AUR|akonadi-ews-git}}.
Akonadi is a system meant to act as a local cache for PIM data, regardless of its origin, which can be then used by other applications. This includes the user's emails, contacts, calendars, events, journals, alarms, notes, and so on. It interfaces with the Nepomuk libraries to provide searching capabilities.
 
  
Akonadi does not store any data by itself: the storage format depends on the nature of the data (for example, contacts may be stored in vcard format).
+
{{Note|If you wish to use a database engine other than MariaDB/MySQL, then when installing the {{Pkg|akonadi}} package, use the following command to skip installing the {{Pkg|mariadb}} dependencies:
  
For more information on Akonadi and its relationship with Nepomuk, see [http://blogs.kde.org/node/4503] and [http://cmollekopf.wordpress.com/2013/02/13/kontact-nepomuk-integration-why-data-from-akonadi-is-indexed-in-nepomuk/].
+
{{bc|# pacman -S akonadi --assume-installed mariadb}}
  
==== Disabling Akonadi ====
+
}}
See [http://userbase.kde.org/Akonadi#Disabling_the_Akonadi_subsystem section in KDE userbase].
 
  
==== Configuring Akonadi to use MySQL Server running on the System ====
+
===== Disabling Akonadi =====
First, you need to set up the database using the following commands (replace password with the correct one):
 
  
  CREATE DATABASE akonadi;
+
See this [https://userbase.kde.org/Akonadi#Disabling_the_Akonadi_subsystem section in the KDE userbase].
  GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON akonadi.* TO 'akonadiuser' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
 
  FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
 
  
If {{ic|~/.config/akonadi/mysql-local.conf}} does not exist then
+
===== Database configuration =====
  
cp /usr/share/config/akonadi/mysql-global.conf ~/.config/akonadi/mysql-local.conf
+
====== MariaDB/MySQL (using ZFS) ======
  
and uncomment the following line
+
If your home directory is on a ZFS pool, you will need to create {{ic|~/.config/akonadi/mysql-local.conf}} with the following contents:
  
  sql_mode=strict_trans_tables
+
  [mysqld]
 +
innodb_use_native_aio = 0
  
Then edit {{ic|~/.config/akonadi/akonadiserverrc}}:
+
Otherwise you will get the [[MySQL#OS error 22 when running on ZFS|OS error 22]]
  
[%General]
+
====== PostgreSQL ======
Driver=QMYSQL
 
 
[QMYSQL]
 
Name=akonadi
 
Host=localhost
 
ServerPath=/usr/bin/mysqld
 
StartServer=false
 
User=akonadiuser
 
Password=<password>
 
Options=
 
 
[Debug]
 
Tracer=null
 
  
Restart the Akonadi server with:
+
Install and setup [[PostgreSQL]]. Make sure {{ic|postgresql.service}} is [[started]].
  
akonadictl restart
+
Edit Akonadi configuration file so that it has the following contents:
  
==== Configuring Akonadi to use sqlite ====
+
{{hc|~/.config/akonadi/akonadiserverrc|<nowiki>
According to the kdepim FAQ, sqlite doesn't work too well under load, but according to several users, it gives much better performance than the alternatives.
+
[%General]
 +
Driver=QPSQL
  
First stop Akonadi:
+
[QPSQL]
 +
Host=/run/postgresql/
 +
InitDbPath=/usr/bin/initdb
 +
Name=akonadi
 +
Options=
 +
Password=
 +
Port=5432
 +
ServerPath=/usr/bin/pg_ctl
 +
StartServer=true
 +
User=postgres
 +
</nowiki>}}
  
akonadictl stop
+
{{Note|If your PostgreSQL database username, password, and port differ from {{ic|postgres}}, {{ic|}} (nothing), and {{ic|5432}}, then make sure you respectively change the configuration options, {{ic|1=User=}}, {{ic|1=Password=}}, and {{ic|1=Port=}}.}}
  
Change the Driver-line in {{ic|~/.config/akonadi/akonadiserverrc}} to the following:
+
Start Akonadi with {{ic|akonadictl start}}, and check its status: {{ic|akonadictl status}}.
  
[%General]
+
====== SQLite ======
Driver=QSQLITE3
 
  
Then start Akonadi again:
+
Edit Akonadi configuration file to match the configuration below:
  
akonadictl start
+
{{hc|~/.config/akonadi/akonadiserverrc|2=
 +
[%General]
 +
Driver=QSQLITE3
  
===Strigi Search===
+
[QSQLITE3]
Strigi is another way of feeding data into Nepomuk. It preferably indexes the users home-folder. Indexing means that it not only gathers filenames but also information about your music collection or tagged downloads you did with Kget. The Strigi search is also integrated into KDE's launcher, which can be accessed via {{Keypress|Alt+F2}}.
+
Name=/home/''username''/.local/share/akonadi/akonadi.db
 +
}}
  
By default, Dolphin has a search bar on top-right where you may type what you want to be found from Strigi's index.
+
=== KDE Telepathy ===
  
{{Note | Strigi has implications for resource usage on your computer - CPU, memory, disk access, disk space, battery life. If Strigi is too resource-hungry for you, you can turn it off in "'''System Settings -> Desktop Search'''". }}
+
[https://community.kde.org/KTp KDE Telepathy] is a project with the goal to closely integrate Instant Messaging with the KDE desktop. It utilizes the Telepathy framework as a backend and is intended to replace Kopete.
  
Strigi folder indexing can be configured in:
+
To install all Telepathy protocols, install the {{Grp|telepathy}} group.
System Settings -> Desktop Search -> Desktop Query -> Customize index folders…
+
To use the KDE Telepathy client, install the {{Pkg|telepathy-kde-meta}} package that includes all the packages contained in the {{Grp|telepathy-kde}} group.
  
==Phonon==
+
==== Use Telegram with KDE Telepathy ====
===What is Phonon?===
 
''Phonon is the multimedia API for KDE 4. Phonon was created to allow KDE 4 to be independent of any single multimedia framework such as GStreamer or xine and to provide a stable API for KDE 4's lifetime. It was done for various reasons: to create a simple KDE/Qt style multimedia API, to better support native multimedia frameworks on Windows and Mac OS X, and to fix problems of frameworks becoming unmaintained or having API or ABI instability.
 
''
 
  
from Wikipedia.
+
[[Telegram]] protocol is available using {{pkg|telepathy-haze}}, installing {{aur|telegram-purple}} or {{aur|telegram-purple-git}} and {{aur|telepathy-morse-git}}. The username is the Telegram account telephone number (complete with the national prefix {{ic|+''xx''}}, e.g. {{ic|+49}} for Germany).
  
'''Phonon''' is being widely used within KDE, for both audio (e.g., the System notifications or KDE audio apps) and video (e.g., the Dolphin video thumbnails).
+
The configuration through the GUI may be tricky: if the phone number is not accepted when configuring a new account in the KDE Telepathy client (with an error message complaining about an invalid parameter which prevents the account creation), insert it between single quotes and then remove the quotes manually from the configuration file ({{ic|~/.local/share/telepathy/mission-control/accounts.cfg}}) after the account creation (if the quotes are not removed after, an authentication error should rise).
  
===Which backend should I choose?===
+
{{Note|The configuration file should be edited manually when KDE Telepathy is not running, e.g. when there is no KDE desktop session active, otherwise manual changes may be overwritten by the software.}}
You can choose between various backends, like GStreamer ({{Pkg|phonon-gstreamer}}) or VLC ({{Pkg|phonon-vlc}}) available in [[Official Repositories|extra]], Xine ({{AUR|phonon-xine}}) or  MPlayer ({{AUR|phonon-mplayer-git}}) available on [[Arch User Repository|AUR]]. Most users will want GStreamer or VLC which have the best upstream support. Note that multiple backends can be installed at once and you can switch between them via System Settings -> Multimedia -> Phonon -> Backend.
 
  
According to [https://www.archlinux.org/news/kde-sc-46-to-extra/ announce of KDE 4.6 in Arch] and [http://mail.kde.org/pipermail/phonon-backends/2011-February/000500.html mail in Phonon dev list]:
+
=== Integrate Android ===
<blockquote>"Phonon Xine is not maintained and thus will not see releases."</blockquote>
 
<blockquote>"This intial preference currently rates GStreamer highest, followed by VLC as there is some feature difference."</blockquote>
 
  
== Useful Applications ==
+
[https://community.kde.org/KDEConnect KDE Connect] provides several features for you:
=== Yakuake ===
 
[http://yakuake.kde.org/ This] application provides a Quake-like terminal emulator, which is toggled visible using the F12 key. It also has support for multiple tabs. Yakuake can be installed by package {{pkg|yakuake}}.
 
  
=== Telepathy ===
+
* Share files and URLs to/from KDE from/to any app, without wires.
A new project, known as [http://community.kde.org/Real-Time_Communication_and_Collaboration Real-Time Communication and Collaboration], has been started in KDE.
+
* Touchpad emulation: Use your phone screen as your computer's touchpad.
The goal is to integrate Instant Messaging clients with the desktop systems.
+
* Notifications sync (4.3+): Read your Android notifications from the desktop.
 +
* Shared clipboard: copy and paste between your phone and your computer.
 +
* Multimedia remote control: Use your phone as a remote for Linux media players.
 +
* WiFi connection: no usb wire or bluetooth needed.
 +
* RSA Encryption: your information is safe.
  
At the moment things are in progress and miss some features, but a very base communication system is ready.
+
You will need to install KDE Connect both on your computer and on your Android. For PC side, install {{Pkg|kdeconnect}} package. For Android side, install {{ic|KDE Connect}} from [https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.kde.kdeconnect_tp Google Play] or from [https://f-droid.org/repository/browse/?fdid=org.kde.kdeconnect_tp F-Droid].
  
To install all Telepathy protocols install the {{grp|telepathy}} group.
+
It is possible to use KDE Connect even if you do not use the Plasma desktop. For desktop environments that use AppIndicators, such as Unity, install {{AUR|indicator-kdeconnect}} package as well.
To use the KDE Telepathy client, install the {{pkg|kde-telepathy-meta}} package that includes all the packages contained in the {{grp|kde-telepathy}} group .
 
  
 
== Tips and tricks ==
 
== Tips and tricks ==
=== Configure KWin to use OpenGL ES ===
 
Beginning with KWin version 4.8 it is possible to use the separately built binary '''kwin_gles''' as a replacement for kwin. It behaves almost the same as the kwin executable in OpenGL2 mode with the slight difference that it uses ''egl'' instead of ''glx'' as the native platform interface. To test kwin_gles you just have to run {{ic|kwin_gles --replace}} in Konsole.
 
If you want to make this change permanent you have to create a script in {{Ic|`kde4-config --localprefix`/env/}} which exports {{Ic|1=KDEWM=kwin_gles}}.
 
  
=== Enabling video thumbnails under Konqueror/Dolphin file managers ===
+
=== Using an alternative window manager ===
For thumbnails of videos in konqueror and dolphin install {{Pkg|kdemultimedia-mplayerthumbs}} or {{Pkg|kdemultimedia-ffmpegthumbs}}.
 
  
=== Speed up application startup ===
+
The component chooser settings in Plasma does not allow changing the window manager anymore. [https://github.com/KDE/plasma-desktop/commit/2f83a4434a888cd17b03af1f9925cbb054256ade]
User Rob wrote on his blog this "[http://kdemonkey.blogspot.nl/2008/04/magic-trick.html magic trick]" to improve applications start up by 50-150ms.
+
In order to change the window manager used you need to set the {{ic|KDEWM}} [[environment variable]] before KDE startup. [https://wiki.haskell.org/Xmonad/Using_xmonad_in_KDE] To do that you can create a script called {{ic|set_window_manager.sh}} in {{ic|~/.config/plasma-workspace/env}} and export the {{ic|KDEWM}} variable there. For example to use the i3 window manager :
To enable it, create this folder in your home:
 
{{bc|$ mkdir -p ~/.compose-cache}}
 
  
"For those curious about what is going on here, this enables an optimization which Lubos (of general KDE speediness fame) came up with some time ago and was then rewritten and integrated into libx11. Ordinarily on startup applications read input method information from {{ic|/usr/share/X11/locale/<your locale>/Compose}}. This Compose file is quite long (>5000 lines for the en_US.UTF-8 one) and takes some time to process. libX11 can create a cache of the parsed information which is much quicker to read subsequently, but it will only re-use an existing cache or create a new one in {{ic|~/.compose-cache}} if the directory already exists." [Cit. Rob]
+
{{hc|~/.config/plasma-workspace/env/set_window_manager.sh|2=
 +
export KDEWM=/usr/bin/i3
 +
}}
  
===Hiding partitions===
+
And then make it executable :
In Dolphin, it is as simple as right-clicking on the partition in the 'Places' sidebar and selecting 'Hide <partition>'. Otherwise...
 
  
If you wish to prevent your internal partitions from appearing in your file manager, you can create an udev rule, for example {{ic|/etc/udev/rules.d/10-local.rules}}:
+
{{bc|$ chmod +x ~/.config/plasma-workspace/env/set_window_manager.sh}}
  
KERNEL=="sda[0-9]", ENV{UDISKS_IGNORE}="1"
+
==== KDE/Openbox session ====
  
The same thing for a certain partition:
+
The {{Pkg|openbox}} package provides a session for using KDE with [[Openbox]]. To make use of this session, select ''KDE/Openbox'' from the [[display manager]] menu.
  
KERNEL=="sda1", ENV{UDISKS_IGNORE}="1"
+
For those starting the session manually, add the following line to your {{ic|.xinitrc}} file:
KERNEL=="sda2", ENV{UDISKS_IGNORE}="1"
 
  
=== Konqueror Tips ===
+
exec openbox-kde-session
==== Disabling Smart Key Tooltips (Browser) ====
 
To disable those smart key tooltips in Konqueror (pressing {{keypress|CTRL}} on a web page), open {{Ic|~/.kde4/share/config/konquerorrc}} and add this section:
 
  
{{bc|1=
+
==== Compiz custom ====
[Access Keys]
+
 
Enabled=false
+
{{Out of date|The window manager selection dialogue no longer exists so ''Compiz custom'' is no longer an option.}}
}}
+
 
 +
If you need to run Compiz with custom options and switches select ''Compiz custom'' and then create a script called {{ic|compiz-kde-launcher}} and add to it the commands you wish to use to start Compiz. See the example below:
 +
 
 +
{{hc|/usr/local/bin/compiz-kde-launcher|<nowiki>
 +
#!/bin/bash
 +
LIBGL_ALWAYS_INDIRECT=1
 +
compiz --replace &
 +
wait
 +
</nowiki>}}
 +
 
 +
Then make it executable:
 +
 
 +
$ chmod +x /usr/local/bin/compiz-kde-launcher
 +
 
 +
==== Re-enabling compositing effects ====
 +
 
 +
When replacing Kwin with a window manager which does not provide a Compositor (such as Openbox), any desktop compositing effects e.g. transparency will be lost. In this case, install and run a separate Composite manager to provide the effects such as [[Xcompmgr]] or [[Compton]].
 +
 
 +
=== Configuring monitor resolution / multiple monitors ===
 +
 
 +
To enable display resolution management and multiple monitors in Plasma, install {{Pkg|kscreen}}. This adds the additional options to ''Sytem Settings > Display and Monitor''.
 +
 
 +
=== Disable opening application launcher with Super key (Windows key) ===
 +
 
 +
To disable this feature you currently can run the following command:
 +
 
 +
$ kwriteconfig5 --file kwinrc --group ModifierOnlyShortcuts --key Meta ""
 +
 
 +
== Troubleshooting ==
 +
 
 +
=== Configuration related ===
 +
 
 +
Many problems in KDE are related to configuration.
 +
 
 +
==== Plasma desktop behaves strangely ====
 +
 
 +
Plasma problems are usually caused by unstable '''Plasma widgets''' (colloquially called ''plasmoids'')  or '''Plasma themes'''. First, find which was the last widget or theme you had installed and disable it or uninstall it.
 +
 
 +
So, if your desktop suddenly exhibits "locking up", this is likely caused by a faulty installed widget. If you cannot remember which widget you installed before the problem began (sometimes it can be an irregular problem), try to track it down by removing each widget until the problem ceases. Then you can uninstall the widget, and file a bug report (https://bugs.kde.org/) '''only if it is an official widget'''. If it is not, it is recommended you find the entry on https://store.kde.org/ and inform the developer of that widget about the problem (detailing steps to reproduce, etc).
  
==== Disabling The Sidebar Tab (Filemanager) ====
+
If you cannot find the problem, but you do not want ''all'' the settings to be lost, navigate to {{ic|~/.config}}:
To disable this small sidebar tab on the left side, open {{Ic|~/.kde4/share/config/konqsidebartng.rc}} and set {{Ic|HideTabs}} to {{Ic|true}}.
 
  
==== Using WebKit ====
+
$ for j in plasma*; do mv -- "$j" "${j%}.bak"; done
WebKit is an open source browser engine developed by Apple Inc. It is a derivative from the KHTML and KJS libraries and contains many improvements. WebKit is used by Safari, Google Chrome and rekonq.
 
  
It is possible to use WebKit in Konqueror instead of KHTML. First install the {{Pkg|kwebkitpart}} package.
+
This command will '''rename all Plasma related configs''' to *.bak (e.g. {{ic|plasmarc.bak}}) of your user and when you will relogin into Plasma, you will have the '''default''' settings back. To undo that action, remove the .bak file extension. If you already have *.bak files, rename, move, or delete them first. It is highly recommended that you create regular backups anyway. See [[Synchronization and backup programs]] for a list of possible solutions.
  
Then, after executing Konqueror, press '''Settings > Configure Konqueror'''.
+
==== Clean cache to resolve upgrade problems ====
  
On the "General" submenu, select the "WebKit" as the "Default web browser engine".
+
The [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=135301 problem] may be caused by old cache. Sometimes after an upgrade, the old cache might introduce strange, hard to debug behaviour such as unkillable shells, hangs when changing various settings and several other problems such as ark being unable to unrar or unzip or amarok not recognizing any of your music. This solution can also resolve problems with KDE and Qt programmes looking bad following upgrade.
  
=== Firefox integration ===
+
Rebuild your cache with the following commands:
See [[Firefox#KDE_integration]].
 
  
==Troubleshooting==
+
$ rm ~/.config/Trolltech.conf
===Getting current state of KWin for support and debug purposes===
+
$ kbuildsycoca5 --noincremental
This command prints out a wonderful summary of the current state of KWin including used options, used compositing backend and relevant OpenGL driver capabilities. [http://blog.martin-graesslin.com/blog/2012/03/on-getting-help-for-kwin-and-helping-kwin/ See more at Martin's blog]
 
  
qdbus org.kde.kwin /KWin supportInformation
+
=== Clean akonadi configuration to fix KMail ===
  
===KDE4 does not shutdown or reboot using systemd===
+
First, make sure that KMail is not running. Then backup configuration:
This is a [https://bugs.kde.org/show_bug.cgi?id=294714 bug] that will be fixed soon. There is an unofficial patch to support native systemd reboot/shutdown methods, it is available in [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=61687 AUR]. User switching is still largely untested (so probably still needs work).
 
  
Note that this bug does not concern systems using KDM. To adapt the shutdown command for KDM, edit {{ic|/usr/share/config/kdm/kdmrc}} and look for the [Shutdown] section. Ensure HaltCmd is uncommented and set to /sbin/poweroff.
+
$ cp -a ~/.local/share/akonadi ~/.local/share/akonadi-old
 +
$ cp -a ~/.config/akonadi ~/.config/akonadi-old
  
===KDE4 does not finish loading===
+
Start ''SystemSettings > Personal'' and remove all the resources. Go back to Dolphin and remove the original {{ic|~/.local/share/akonadi}} and
There might be a situation in which the graphic driver might create a conflict when starting KDE4. This situation happens after the login but before finishing loading the desktop, making the user wait indefinitely at the loading screen. Until now the only users confirmed to be affected by this are the ones that use Nvidia drivers and KDE4.
+
{{ic|~/.config/akonadi}} - the copies you made ensure that you can back-track if necessary.
  
A solution for Nvidia users is to edit the file at {{ic|/home/user/.kde4/share/config/kwinrc}} and change the option '''Enabled=true''' to '''false''' in the '''[Compositing]''' section. For more information look at this [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=932598 thread].
+
Now go back to the System Settings page and carefully add the necessary resources. You should see the resource reading in your mail folders. Then start Kontact/KMail to see if it work properly.
  
If a minimal install was done, make sure you installed the required font by your phonon backend listed here: [[KDE#Minimal_install]]
+
=== Fix empty IMAP inbox ===
  
===KDE and Qt programs look bad when in a different window manager===
+
For some IMAP accounts, kmail will show the inbox as a container with all other folders of this account inside. Kmail does not show messages in the inbox container but in all other subfolders, see [https://bugs.kde.org/show_bug.cgi?id=284172 KDE Bug 284172]. To solve this problem simply disable the server side subscribition in the kmail account settings.
If you are using KDE or Qt programs but not in a full KDE session (specifically, you did not run "startkde"), then as of KDE 4.6.1 you will need to tell Qt how to find KDE's styles (Oxygen, QtCurve etc.)
 
  
You just need to set the environment variable QT_PLUGIN_PATH. E.g. put
+
=== Getting current state of KWin for support and debug purposes ===
  
export QT_PLUGIN_PATH=$HOME/.kde4/lib/kde4/plugins/:/usr/lib/kde4/plugins/
+
This command prints out a wonderful summary of the current state of KWin including used options, used compositing backend and relevant OpenGL driver capabilities. See more on [https://blog.martin-graesslin.com/blog/2012/03/on-getting-help-for-kwin-and-helping-kwin/ Martin's blog].
  
into your {{ic|/etc/profile}} (or {{ic|~/.profile}} if you do not have root access). qtconfig should then be able to find your kde styles and everything should look nice again!
+
$ qdbus org.kde.KWin /KWin supportInformation
  
Alternatively, you can symlink the Qt styles directory to the KDE styles one:
+
=== KF5/Qt5 applications do not display icons in i3/fvwm/awesome ===
# ln -s /usr/lib/kde4/plugins/styles/ /usr/lib/qt/plugins/styles
 
  
===KDE and Qt programs look bad after upgrade (using kwin)===
+
See [[Qt#Configuration of Qt5 apps under environments other than KDE Plasma]].
The problem is caused by old cache. Run the following to rebuild it
 
  
  $ rm ~/.config/Trolltech.conf
+
=== Graphical related problems ===
  $ kbuildsycoca4 --noincremental
 
  
from https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=135301
+
==== Plasma keeps crashing with legacy Nvidia ====
  
=== Graphical related issues ===
+
This is caused by a [https://bugs.kde.org/show_bug.cgi?id=348753 bug in Plasma] when using the Nvidia-304xx driver. Rather than disabling compositing, create a file {{ic|kwin.sh}} in {{ic|~/.config/plasma-workspace/env/}} with the following contents:
==== Low 2D desktop performance (or) Artifacts appear when on 2D ====
 
===== GPU driver problem =====
 
Make sure you have the proper driver for your card installed, so that your desktop is at least 2D accelerated. Follow these articles for more information: [[ATI]], [[NVIDIA]], [[Intel]] for more information, in order to make sure that everything is all right.
 
The open-source ATI and Intel drivers and the proprietary (binary) Nvidia driver should theoretically provide the best 2D and 3D acceleration.
 
  
===== The Raster engine workaround =====
+
#!/bin/sh
If this does not solve your problems, maybe your driver does not provide a good '''XRender''' acceleration which the current Qt painter engine relies on by default.
+
export KWIN_EXPLICIT_SYNC=0
  
You can change the painter engine to software based only by invoking the application with the "'''-graphicssystem raster'''" command line. This rendering engine can be set as the default one by recompiling Qt with the same as configure option, "'''-graphicssystem raster'''".  
+
Then go to ''System Settings > Startup and Shutdown > Autostart'' and ''Check/Add'' the script as a pre-KDE startup file.
  
The raster paint engine enables the CPU to do the majority of the painting, as opposed to the GPU. You may get better performance, depending on your system. This is basically a work-around for the terrible Linux driver stack, since the CPU should obviously not be doing graphical computations since it is designed for fewer threads of greater complexity, as opposed to the GPU which is many threads but lesser computational strength. So, only use Raster engine if you are having problems or your GPU is much slower than you CPU, otherwise is better to use XRender.
+
==== Applications do not refresh properly ====
  
Since Qt 4.7+, recompiling Qt is not needed. Simply export '''QT_GRAPHICSSYSTEM=raster''', or "opengl", or "native" (for the default). Raster depends on the CPU, OpenGL depends on the GPU and high driver support, and Native is just using the X11 rendering (mixture, usually).
+
If you use 3D-accelerated composition with [[Intel]], you might find that the Plasma panel and other applications do not refresh properly (stay frozen). Some Intel drivers have [https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1259475 problems with EGL]. Go to ''System Settings > Display and Monitor > Compositor''. Set ''OpenGL interface'' to OpenGL 3.1. If that does not work, see [[Intel graphics#SNA issues]] for alternative solutions.
  
'''The best and automatic way to do that''' is to install {{AUR|kcm-qt-graphicssystem}} from AUR and configure this particular Qt setting through
+
==== Bad performance ====
  
  System Settings > Qt Graphics System
+
Make sure you have the proper driver for your GPU installed. See [[Xorg#Driver installation]] for more information. If you have an older card, it might help to [[#Disable desktop effects manually or automatically for defined applications]] or [[#Disable compositing]].
  
For more information, consult this [http://apachelog.wordpress.com/2010/09/05/qt-graphics-system-kcm/ KDE Developer blog entry] and/or this [http://labs.trolltech.com/blogs/2009/12/18/qt-graphics-and-performance-the-raster-engine/ Qt Developer blog entry].
+
===== Disable desktop effects manually or automatically for defined applications =====
  
==== Low 3D desktop performance====
+
Plasma has desktop effects enabled by default and e.g. not every game will disable them automatically. You can disable desktop effects in ''System Settings > Desktop Effects'' and you can toggle desktop effects with {{ic|Alt+Shift+F12}}. Additionally, you can create custom KWin rules to automatically disable/enable compositing when a certain application/window starts under ''System Settings > Window Management > Window Rules''.
KDE begins with desktop effects enabled. Older cards may be insufficient for 3D desktop acceleration. You can disable desktop effects in  
 
System Settings -> Desktop Effects
 
or you can toggle desktop effects with {{Keypress|Alt+Shift+F12}}.
 
  
{{Note| You may encounter such problems with 3D desktop performance even when using a more powerful graphics card, but using catalyst proprietary driver (fglrx). This driver is known for having issues with 3D acceleration. Visit [[ATI|the ATi Wiki page]] for more troubleshooting.}}
+
===== Disable compositing =====
  
==== Desktop compositing is disabled on my system with a modern Nvidia GPU ====
+
In ''Sytem Settings > Display and Monitor'', uncheck ''Enable compositor on startup'' and restart Plasma.
Sometimes, KWin may have settings in its configuration file ('''kwinrc''') that ''may'' cause a problem on re-activating the 3D desktop '''OpenGL''' compositing. That could be caused randomly (for example, due to a sudden Xorg crash or restart, and it gets corrupted), so, in case that happens, delete your {{ic|~/.kde4/share/config/kwinrc}} file and relogin. The KWin settings will turn to the KDE default ones and the problem should be probably gone.
 
  
 
==== Flickering in fullscreen when compositing is enabled ====
 
==== Flickering in fullscreen when compositing is enabled ====
As of KDE SC 4.6.0, there is an option in systemsettings -> Desktop Effect -> Advanced -> "Suspend desktop effects for fullscreen windows" Uncheck it would tell kwin to disable unredirect fullscren.
 
  
===Sound problems under KDE===
+
In ''Sytem Settings > Display and Monitor'', uncheck ''Allow applications to block compositing''. This may harm performance.
====ALSA related problems====
 
{{Note|First make sure you have {{pkg|alsa-lib}} and {{pkg|alsa-utils}} installed.}}
 
  
====="Falling back to default" messages when trying to listen to any sound in KDE=====
+
==== Screen tearing with Nvidia ====
When you encounter such messages:
+
 
:The audio playback device ''<name-of-the-sound-device>'' does not work.
+
By default, KWin compositing suffers from tearing when used with the proprietary Nvidia driver. To work around this, create a file {{ic|kwin.sh}} in {{ic|~/.config/plasma-workspace/env/}} with the following contents:
:Falling back to default
+
 
Go to
+
#!/bin/sh
System Settings -> Multimedia -> Phonon
+
export __GL_YIELD="USLEEP"
and set the device named "'''default'''" above all the other devices in each box you see.
+
 
 +
This however does only work with OpenGL compositing.
 +
 
 +
==== Plasma cursor sometimes shown incorrecty ====
 +
 
 +
Create the directory {{ic|~/.icons/default}} and inside a file named {{ic|index.theme}} with the following contents:
  
=====I cannot play MP3 files when using the GStreamer Phonon backend=====
+
{{hc|/home/''archie''/.icons/default/index.theme|2=
That can be solved by installing the GStreamer plugins (package {{Pkg|gstreamer0.10-plugins}}. If you still encounter problems, you can try changing the Phonon backend used by installing another such as {{Pkg|phonon-vlc}}.
+
[Icon Theme]
Then make sure the backend is preferred via:
+
Inherits=breeze_cursors
  System Settings -> Multimedia -> Phonon -> Backend (tab)
+
}}
  
===I want a fresh installation of KDE for my system. What should I do?===
+
Execute the following command:
Just rename the settings directory of KDE (just in case you will want to go back to your original settings):
 
mv ~/.kde4 ~/.kde4-backup
 
  
===Plasma desktop behaves strangely===
+
$ ln -s /usr/share/icons/breeze_cursors/cursors ~/.icons/default/cursors
Plasma issues are usually caused by unstable '''plasmoids''' or '''plasma themes'''. First, find which was the last plasmoid or plasma theme you had installed and disable it or uninstall it.  
 
  
So, if your desktop suddenly exhibits "locking up", this is likely caused by a faulty installed widget. If you cannot remember which widget you installed before the problem began(sometimes it can be an irregular problem), try to track it down by removing each widget until the problem ceases. Then you can uninstall the widget, and file a bug report (bugs.kde.org) '''only if it is an official widget'''. If it is not, I recommend you find the entry on kde-look.org and inform the developer of that widget about the issue (detailing steps to reproduce, etc).
+
=== Sound problems under Plasma 5 ===
  
If you cannot find the problem, but you do not want ''all'' the KDE settings to be lost, do:
+
==== No sound after suspend in KDE ====
  
  rm -r ~/.kde4/share/config/plasma*
+
If there is no sound after suspending and if KMix doesn't show audio devices which should be there, restarting plasmeshell and pulseaudio may help:
  
This command will '''delete all plasma related configs''' of your user and when you will relogin into KDE, you will have the '''default''' settings back. You should know that this action '''cannot be undone'''. You ought to create a backup folder and copy all the plasma related configs in it.
+
$ killall plasmashell
 +
$ systemctl --user restart pulseaudio.service
 +
$ plasmashell
  
===Konsole does not save commands' history===
+
Some applications may also need to be restarted in order for sound to play from them again.
By default console commands' history is saved only when you type 'exit' in console. When you close Konsole with 'x' in the corner it does not happen.
 
To enable autosaving after every command execution you should add following lines into your .bashrc
 
shopt -s histappend
 
[[ "${PROMPT_COMMAND}" ]] && PROMPT_COMMAND="$PROMPT_COMMAND;history -a" || PROMPT_COMMAND="history -a"
 
  
===KDE password prompts display three bullets per char===
+
==== ALSA related problems ====
You can change it under '''System Settings > Account Details'''. At '''Password & User Account''' the options are:
 
*Show one bullet for each letter
 
*Show three bullets for each letter
 
*Show nothing
 
  
===Nepomukserver process still autostart even with semantic desktop disabled===
+
{{Note|First make sure you have {{Pkg|alsa-lib}} and {{Pkg|alsa-utils}} installed.}}
Go to ''' System Settings > Startup and Shutdown > Service Manager > Startup Services''' and uncheck the Nepomuk Search Module.
 
  
===Desktop does not respond for several seconds at startup===
+
===== "Falling back to default" messages when trying to listen to any sound =====
There is a bug in either [https://bugs.freedesktop.org/show_bug.cgi?id=58758 pulseaudio] or [https://bugs.kde.org/show_bug.cgi?id=312560 kde] that makes the desktop not being usable for a few seconds after it has showed up (for example if you click on the K-menu it does not appears until that waiting time has elapsed).
 
  
The workaround is to disable {{ic|/etc/xdg/autostart/pulseaudio.desktop}} by adding the following line at the end (do not omit the semicolon):
+
When you encounter such messages:
  
  NotShowIn=KDE;
+
  The audio playback device ''name_of_the_sound_device'' does not work.
 +
Falling back to default
  
Note that you could also remove that file, or renaming it (to pulseaudio.desktop.disable or the like) but then it will not load in other Desktop Managers, and will be restored by a package update.
+
Go to ''System Settings > Multimedia > Phonon'' and set the device named {{ic|default}} above all the other devices in each box you see.
  
'''''Source:''' http://linuxadvantage.blogspot.fr/2013/01/kde-rather-slow-to-start-pulseaudio.html''
+
===== MP3 files cannot be played when using the GStreamer Phonon backend =====
  
==Other KDE projects==
+
This can be solved by installing the GStreamer libav plugin (package {{Pkg|gst-libav}}). If you still encounter problems, you can try changing the Phonon backend used by installing another such as {{Pkg|phonon-qt4-vlc}} or {{Pkg|phonon-qt5-vlc}}.
 +
Then, make sure the backend is preferred via ''System Settings > Multimedia > Backend''.
  
=== Official kde-unstable ===
+
=== Inotify folder watch limit ===
When KDE is reaching beta or RC milestone, KDE "unstable" packages are uploaded to the [kde-unstable] repo. They stay there until KDE is declared stable and passes to [extra].
 
  
You may add it by adding:
+
If you get the following error:
  
  [kde-unstable]
+
  KDE Baloo Filewatch service reached the inotify folder watch limit. File changes may be ignored.
SigLevel = PackageRequired
 
Include = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
 
  
to {{ic|/etc/pacman.conf}}
+
Then you will need to increase the inotify folder watch limit:
  
# kde-unstable is based upon testing. Therefore, you need to enable the repositories in the following order: '''kde-unstable, testing, core, extra, community-testing, community'''.
+
# echo 524288 > /proc/sys/fs/inotify/max_user_watches
# To update from a previous KDE installation, run: <code>pacman -Syu</code> or <code>pacman -S kde-unstable/kde</code>
 
# If you don't have KDE installed, you might have difficulties to install it by using groups (limitation of pacman)
 
# '''Subscribe and read the arch-dev-public mailing list'''
 
# Make sure [[#Distro_and_Upstream_bug_report|you make bug reports]] if you find any issues.
 
  
=== Trinity ===
+
To make changes permanent, create {{ic|/etc/sysctl.d/40-max-user-watches.conf}} with:
From the release of KDE 4.x, the developers dropped support for KDE 3.5.x. Trinity Desktop Environment is a fork of KDE3 developed by Timothy Pearson ([http://trinitydesktop.org/ trinitydesktop.org]). This project aims to keep the KDE3.5 computing style alive, as well as polish off any rough edges that were present as of KDE 3.5.10. See [[Trinity]] for more info.
 
  
{{Warning| KDE 3 is no longer maintained and supported by the KDE developers. The "Trinity KDE" is maintained by the Trinity project commmunity. Use KDE 3 on your own risk, regarding any bugs, performance issues or security risks.}}
+
fs.inotify.max_user_watches=524288
  
==Bugs==
+
=== Freezes when using Automount on a NFS volume  ===
===Distro and Upstream bug report===
 
It is preferrable that if you find a minor or serious bug, you should visit [https://bugs.archlinux.org the Arch Bug Tracker] or/and [http://bugs.kde.org KDE Bug Tracker] in order to report that. Make sure that you be clear on what you want to report.
 
  
If you have any issue and you write about in on the Arch forums, first make sure that you have '''FULLY''' updated your system using a good sync mirror (check [https://www.archlinux.de/?page=MirrorStatus here]) or try [[Reflector]].
+
Using [[Fstab#Automount with systemd]] on a [[NFS]] volume may cause freezes, see [https://bugs.kde.org/show_bug.cgi?id=354137 bug report upstream].
  
KDE 4 config files are usually located at
+
=== No Suspend/Hibernate options ===
  
~/.kde4/share/config/
+
If your system is able to suspend or hibernate using systemd but do not have these options shown in KDE, make sure {{Pkg|powerdevil}} is installed.
  
and for app-specific configs
+
=== Problems with saving credentials and persistently occuring KWallet dialogs ===
 +
It is not recommended to turn off the KWallet password saving system in the user settings as it is required to save encrypted credentials like WiFi passphrases for each user. Persistently occuring KWallet dialogs can be the consequence of turning it off.
 +
In case you find the dialogs to unlock the wallet annoying when applications want to access it, you can let the login managers {{ic|SDDM}} and {{ic|LightDM}} unlock the wallet at login automatically, see [[KDE_Wallet#Unlock_KDE_Wallet_automatically_on_login|KDE Wallet]]. The first wallet needs to be generated by KWallet (and not user-generated) in order to be usable for system program credentials.
 +
In case you want the wallet credentials not to be opened in memory for every application, you can restrict applications from accessing it with {{Pkg|kwalletmanager}} in the KWallet settings.
 +
If you do not care for credential encryption at all, you can simply leave the password forms blank when KWallet asks for the password while creating a wallet. In this case, applications can access passwords without having to unlock the wallet first.
  
~/.kde4/share/apps/
+
== See also ==
  
==External Links==
+
* [https://www.kde.org/ KDE homepage]
* [http://www.kde.org KDE Homepage]
+
* [https://bugs.kde.org/ KDE bug tracker]
* [http://bugs.kde.org KDE Bug Tracker]
+
* [https://blog.martin-graesslin.com/blog/kategorien/kde/ Martin Graesslin's blog]
* [https://bugs.archlinux.org Arch Linux Bug Tracker]
 
* [http://websvn.kde.org KDE WebSVN]
 

Latest revision as of 05:42, 22 August 2017

KDE is a software project currently comprising of a desktop environment known as Plasma, a collection of libraries and frameworks (KDE Frameworks) and several applications (KDE Applications) as well. KDE upstream has a well maintained UserBase wiki. Detailed information about most KDE applications can be found there.

Contents

Installation

Plasma

Before installing Plasma, make sure you have a working Xorg installation on your system.

Install the plasma-meta meta-package or the plasma group. For differences between plasma-meta and plasma reference Creating packages#Meta packages and groups. Alternatively, for a more minimal Plasma installation, install the plasma-desktop package.

To enable support for Wayland in Plasma, also install the plasma-wayland-session package.

KDE applications and language packs

To install the full set of KDE Applications, install the kde-applications group or the kde-applications-meta meta-package. Note that this will only install applications, it will not install any version of Plasma.

Most KDE packages ship their own translations. The exception is KDE4-based packages from kde-applications. If you need language files for these packages, install kde-l10n-yourlanguagehere (e.g. kde-l10n-de for the German language). For a full list of available languages see the kde-l10n split package.

Unstable releases

See Official repositories#kde-unstable

Starting Plasma

Note: Although it is possible to launch Plasma under Wayland, there are some missing features and known problems as of Plasma 5.10. See the Plasma 5.10 Errata for a list of issues and the Plasma on Wayland workboard for the current state of development. Use Xorg for the most complete and stable experience.

Plasma can be started either graphically, using a display manager, or manually from the console.

Graphically

Tip: To better integrate SDDM with Plasma, it is recommended to (force-)select the breeze theme. Related setting is located at System Settings > Startup and Shutdown. See SDDM#Theme settings.

Using a Display manager:

Note: The NVIDIA proprietary driver implementation for Wayland requires EGLStreams. KDE have not implemented EGLStreams in their Wayland implementation. The following workarounds are available:
  • Using the Nouveau driver.
  • Using the (default) Xorg session.

Manual

To start Plasma with xinit/startx, append exec startkde to your .xinitrc file. If you want to start Xorg at login, please see Start X at login. To start a Plasma on Wayland session from a console, run startplasmacompositor.

Configuration

Most settings for KDE applications are stored in ~/.config, but some older applications may use ~/.kde4. However, configuring KDE is primarily done through the System Settings application. It can be started from a terminal by executing systemsettings5.

Some Frameworks 5 applications can use KDElibs 4 configuration, after moving the configuration files to the new location. Examples are:

  • Konsole profiles from ~/.kde4/share/apps/konsole to ~/.local/share/konsole/
  • Application appearance from ~/.kde4/share/config/kdeglobals to ~/.config/kdeglobals

Personalization

Plasma desktop

Themes

Plasma themes define the look of panels and plasmoids. For easy system-wide installation, some such themes are available in both the official repositories and the AUR.

The easiest way to install themes is by going through the System Settings > Workspace Theme > Desktop Theme > Get new Themes.

This will present a nice frontend for https://store.kde.org/ that allows you to install, uninstall, or update third-party plasmoid scripts with literally just one click.

Splash and Lock screens are currently unavailable so to customize these screens you have to modify the original theme found in /usr/share/plasma/look-and-feel/. See this thread on the Kubuntu forums.

Note that the SDDM login screen is not part of this theme.

Qt and GTK+ Applications Appearance
Tip: For Qt and GTK theme consistency, see Uniform look for Qt and GTK applications.
Qt4

For Qt4 applications to have a consistent appearance, there are two options:

Install breeze-kde4 and then pick Breeze as GUI Style in qtconfig-qt4; or install breeze-gtk and pick GTK+ as GUI Style.

GTK+

The recommended theme for a pleasant appearance in GTK+ applications is breeze-gtk or gnome-breeze-gitAUR, a GTK+ theme designed to mimic the appearance of Plasma's Breeze theme. Install kde-gtk-config and select the installed GTK-theme for GTK2/GTK3-Theme in System Settings > Application Style > GNOME Application Style.

In some themes, tooltips in GTK+ applications have white text on white backgrounds making it difficult to read. To change the colors in GTK2 applications, find the section for tooltips in the .gtkrc-2.0 file and change it. For GTK3 application two files need to be changed, gtk.css and settings.ini. It might also help to uncheck the option to Apply colors to non-Qt applications under System Settings > Colors.

Some GTK2 programs like vuescan-binAUR still look hardly usable due to invisible checkboxes with the Breeze or Adwaita skin in a Plasma session. To workaround this, install and select e.g. the Numix-Frost-Light skin of the numix-frost-themesAUR under System Settings > Application Style > GNOME Application Style (GTK) > Select a GTK2 Theme:. Numix-Frost-Light looks similar to Breeze.

Widgets

Plasmoids are little scripted (plasmoid scripts) or coded (plasmoid binaries) KDE applications designed to enhance the functionality of your desktop.

The easiest way to install plasmoid scripts is by right-clicking onto a panel or the desktop and choosing Add Widgets > Get new Widgets > Download Widgets. This will present a nice frontend for https://store.kde.org/ that allows you to install, uninstall, or update third-party plasmoid scripts with literally just one click.

Many Plasmoid binaries are available from the AUR.

Sound applet in the system tray

Install plasma-pa or kmix (start Kmix from the Application Launcher). plasma-pa is now installed by default with plasma, no further configuration needed.

Note: To adjust the step size of volume increments/decrements, add e.g. VolumePercentageStep=1 in the [Global] section of ~/.config/kmixrc.
Disable panel shadow

As the Plasma panel is on top of other windows, its shadow is drawn over them. [1] To disable this behaviour without impacting other shadows, install xorg-xprop and run:

$ xprop -remove _KDE_NET_WM_SHADOW

then select the panel with the plus-sized cursor. [2] For automation, install xorg-xwininfo and create the following script:

/usr/local/bin/kde-no-shadow
#!/bin/bash
for WID in $(xwininfo -root -tree | sed '/"Plasma": ("plasmashell" "plasmashell")/!d; s/^  *\([^ ]*\) .*/\1/g'); do
   xprop -id $WID -remove _KDE_NET_WM_SHADOW
done

The script can be run on login with Add Script in Autostart:

$ kcmshell5 autostart

Window decorations

Window decorations can be changed in System Settings > Application Style > Window Decorations.

There you can also directly download and install more themes with one click, and some are available in the AUR.

Icon themes

Icon themes can be installed and changed on System Settings > Icons.

Note: Although all modern Linux desktops share the same icon theme format, desktops like GNOME use fewer icons (esp. in menus and toolbars). Themes developed for such desktops usually lack icons required by Plasma and KDE apps. It is recommended to install Plasma compatible icon themes instead.

Fonts

Fonts in a Plasma session look poor

Try installing the ttf-dejavu and ttf-liberation packages.

After the installation, be sure to log out and back in. You should not have to modify anything in System Settings > Fonts. If you are using qt5ct, the settings in Qt5 Configuration Tool may override the font settings in System Settings.

If you have personally set up how your Fonts render, be aware that System Settings may alter their appearance. When you go System Settings > Fonts System Settings will likely alter your font configuration file (fonts.conf).

There is no way to prevent this, but, if you set the values to match your fonts.conf file, the expected font rendering will return (it will require you to restart your application or in a few cases restart your desktop). Note that Gnome's Font Preferences also does this.

Fonts are huge or seem disproportional

Try to force font DPI to 96 in System Settings > Fonts.

If that does not work, try setting the DPI directly in your Xorg configuration as documented in Xorg#Setting DPI manually.

Space efficiency

The Plasma Netbook shell has been dropped from Plasma 5, see the following KDE forum post However, you can achieve something similar by editing the file ~/.config/kwinrc adding BorderlessMaximizedWindows=true in the [Windows] section.

Thumbnail generation

To allow thumbnail generation for media or document files on the desktop and in Dolphin, install kdegraphics-thumbnailers, ffmpegthumbs and kde-thumbnailer-odfAUR.

Then enable the thumbnail categories for the desktop via right click on the desktop background > Configure Desktop > Icons > More Preview Options....

In Dolphin, navigate to Control > General > Previews.

Printing

Tip: Use the CUPS web interface for faster configuration. Printers configured in this way can be used in KDE applications.

You can also configure printers in System Settings > Printers. To use this method, you must first install print-manager and cups. See CUPS#Configuration.

Samba/Windows support

If you want to have access to Windows services, install Samba (package samba).

The Dolphin share functionality requires the package kdenetwork-filesharing and usershares, which the stock smb.conf does not have enabled. Instructions to add them are in Samba#Creating usershare path, after which sharing in Dolphin should work out of the box after restarting Samba.

Plasma's abilities to access SMB shares are limited, though. Writing to Windows shares is problematic and opening files from such shares, e.g. large videos, makes Plasma copying the whole file to the local system first. To workaround this, you can install a GTK based file browser like thunar with gvfs and gvfs-smb (and gnome-keyring for saving login credentials) to access SMB shares in a more able way. Another possible workaround is to mount a Samba share via cifs-utils to make it look to Plasma like if the SMB share was just a normal local folder and thus can be accessed normally. The mount command could look like the following for write access to a public share:

# mount -t cifs -o username=*,password=*,uid=1000,gid=1000,file_mode=0660,dir_mode=0770 //networkhost/share/ /home/user/localmountpoint/

Make it permanent:

/etc/fstab
//networkhost/share/ /home/user/localmountpoint/ cifs defaults,username=*,password=*,uid=1000,gid=1000,file_mode=0660,dir_mode=0770 0 2

It migh or it might not be necessary to append .local to the hostname.

An easier solution is to use samba-mounter-gitAUR, which offers basically the same functionality via an easy to use option located at System Settings > Network Drivers.

KDE Desktop activities

KDE Desktop Activities are special workspaces where you can select specific settings for each activity that apply only when you are using said activity.

Power saving

Install powerdevil for an integrated power saving service called "Powerdevil Power Management", that may adjust the power saving profile of the system and/or the brightness of the screen (if supported).

Tango-inaccurate.pngThe factual accuracy of this article or section is disputed.Tango-inaccurate.png

Reason: Regarding the note below, it might be that the problem is the logind setting LidSwitchIgnoreInhibited which defaults to yes. [3] (Discuss in Talk:KDE#)
Note: Powerdevil may not inhibit all logind settings (such as the lid close action for laptops). In these cases, the logind setting itself will need to be changed - see Power management#Power management with systemd.

Autostarting applications

Plasma can autostart applications and run scripts on startup and shutdown. To autostart an application, navigate to System Settings > Startup and Shutdown > Autostart and add the program or shell script of your choice. For applications, a .desktop file will be created, for shell scripts, a symlink will be created.

Note:
  • Programs can be autostarted on login only, whilst shell scripts can also be run on shutdown or even before Plasma itself starts.
  • Shell scripts will only be run if they are marked executable.

Place Desktop entries (i.e. .desktop files) here:

~/.config/autostart
for starting applications at login.

Place or symlink shell scripts in one of the following directories:

~/.config/plasma-workspace/env
for executing scripts at login before launching Plasma.
~/.config/autostart-scripts
for executing scripts at login.
~/.config/plasma-workspace/shutdown
for executing scripts on shutdown.

Phonon

From Wikipedia:

“Phonon is the multimedia API provided by KDE and is the standard abstraction for handling multimedia streams within KDE software and also used by several Qt applications.

Phonon was originally created to allow KDE and Qt software to be independent of any single multimedia framework such as GStreamer or xine and to provide a stable API for a major version's lifetime.”

Phonon is being widely used within KDE, for both audio (e.g., the System notifications or KDE audio apps) and video (e.g., the Dolphin video thumbnails).

Which backend should I choose?

You can choose between backends based on GStreamer and VLC – each available in versions for Qt4 applications and Qt5 applications (phonon-qt4-gstreamer, phonon-qt5-gstreamerphonon-qt4-vlc, phonon-qt5-vlc).

Upstream prefers VLC but prominent Linux distributions (Kubuntu and Fedora-KDE for example) prefer GStreamer because that allows them to easily leave out patented MPEG codecs from the default installation. Both backends have a slightly different features set.

In the past other backends were developed as well but are no longer maintained and their AUR packages have been deleted.

Note:
  • Multiple backends can be installed at once and prioritized at System Settings > Multimedia > Backend.
  • According to the KDE forums, the VLC backend lacks support for ReplayGain.
  • If you choose the vlc backend, you may experience crashes every time kde wants to send you a audible warning (and in quite a number of other cases as well, see [4])
  • A possible fix is to run
# /usr/lib/vlc/vlc-cache-gen -f /usr/lib/vlc/plugins

Applications

The KDE project provides a suite of applications that integrate with the Plasma desktop. See the kde-applications group for a full listing of the available applications. Also see Category:KDE for related KDE application pages.

Aside from the programs provided in KDE Applications, there are many other applications available that can complement the Plasma desktop. Some of these are discussed below.

System administration

Terminate Xorg server through KDE System Settings

Navigate to the submenu System Settings > Input Devices > Keyboard > Advanced (tab) > "Key Sequence to kill the X server" and ensure that the checkbox is ticked.

KCM

KCM stands for KConfig Module. KCMs can help you configure your system by providing interfaces in System Settings, or through the command line with kcmshell5.

  • kde-gtk-config — GTK2 and GTK3 Configurator for KDE.
https://cgit.kde.org/kde-gtk-config.git || kde-gtk-config
  • kcm-gtk — A GTK appearance KConfig Module.
https://launchpad.net/kcm-gtk || kcm-gtkAUR[broken link: archived in aur-mirror]
  • KCM Qt Graphics System — This KCM allows you to easily configure the standard Qt graphics system.
https://www.linux-apps.com/p/1127857/ || kcm-qt-graphicssystemAUR
https://www.linux-apps.com/p/1127851/ || kcm-ufwAUR
  • System policies — Set of configuration modules which allows administrator to change PolicyKit settings.
https://cgit.kde.org/polkit-kde-kcmodules-1.git || kcm-polkit-kde-gitAUR
  • wacom tablet — KDE GUI for the Wacom Linux Drivers.
https://www.linux-apps.com/p/1127862/ || kcm-wacomtabletAUR
  • Kcmsystemd — systemd control module for KDE.
https://github.com/rthomsen/kcmsystemd || systemd-kcm

More KCMs can be found at linux-apps.com.

Desktop search

KDE implements desktop search with a software called Baloo, a file indexing and searching solution.

Baloo

Using and configuring Baloo

In order to search using Baloo on the Plasma desktop, start krunner (default keyboard shortcut ALT+F2) and type in your query. Within Dolphin press CTRL+F.

By default the Desktop Search KCM exposes only two options: A panel to blacklist folders and a way to disable it with one click.

Alternatively you can edit your ~/.config/baloofilerc file (info). Additionally the balooctl process can also be used. In order to disable Baloo run balooctl stop and balooctl disable.

Once you added additional folders to the blacklist or disabled Baloo entirely, a process named baloo_file_cleaner removes all unneeded index files automatically. They are stored under ~/.local/share/baloo/.

How do I index a removable device?

By default every removable device is blacklisted. You just have to remove your device from the blacklist in the KCM panel.

Web browsers

  • Konqueror — Part of the KDE project, supports two rendering engines – KHTML and the Chromium-based Qt WebEngine.
https://konqueror.org/ || konqueror
  • QupZilla — A Qt web browser with Plasma integration features. It uses Qt WebEngine.
https://www.qupzilla.com/ || qupzilla
  • Chromium — Chromium and its proprietary variant Google Chrome have limited Plasma integration. They can use KWallet and KDE Open/Save windows.
https://www.chromium.org/ || chromium
https://mozilla.org/firefox || firefox

PIM

KDE offers its own stack for personal information management. This includes emails, contacts, calendar, etc.

Akonadi

Akonadi is a system meant to act as a local cache for PIM data, regardless of its origin, which can be then used by other applications. This includes the user's emails, contacts, calendars, events, journals, alarms, notes, and so on.

Akonadi does not store any data by itself: the storage format depends on the nature of the data (for example, contacts may be stored in vCard format).

Installation

Install akonadi. For additional addons, install kdepim-addons. For EWS support, install akonadi-ews-gitAUR.

Note: If you wish to use a database engine other than MariaDB/MySQL, then when installing the akonadi package, use the following command to skip installing the mariadb dependencies:
# pacman -S akonadi --assume-installed mariadb
Disabling Akonadi

See this section in the KDE userbase.

Database configuration
MariaDB/MySQL (using ZFS)

If your home directory is on a ZFS pool, you will need to create ~/.config/akonadi/mysql-local.conf with the following contents:

[mysqld]
innodb_use_native_aio = 0

Otherwise you will get the OS error 22

PostgreSQL

Install and setup PostgreSQL. Make sure postgresql.service is started.

Edit Akonadi configuration file so that it has the following contents:

~/.config/akonadi/akonadiserverrc
[%General]
Driver=QPSQL

[QPSQL]
Host=/run/postgresql/
InitDbPath=/usr/bin/initdb
Name=akonadi
Options=
Password=
Port=5432
ServerPath=/usr/bin/pg_ctl
StartServer=true
User=postgres
Note: If your PostgreSQL database username, password, and port differ from postgres, (nothing), and 5432, then make sure you respectively change the configuration options, User=, Password=, and Port=.

Start Akonadi with akonadictl start, and check its status: akonadictl status.

SQLite

Edit Akonadi configuration file to match the configuration below:

~/.config/akonadi/akonadiserverrc
[%General]
Driver=QSQLITE3

[QSQLITE3]
Name=/home/username/.local/share/akonadi/akonadi.db

KDE Telepathy

KDE Telepathy is a project with the goal to closely integrate Instant Messaging with the KDE desktop. It utilizes the Telepathy framework as a backend and is intended to replace Kopete.

To install all Telepathy protocols, install the telepathy group. To use the KDE Telepathy client, install the telepathy-kde-meta package that includes all the packages contained in the telepathy-kde group.

Use Telegram with KDE Telepathy

Telegram protocol is available using telepathy-haze, installing telegram-purpleAUR or telegram-purple-gitAUR and telepathy-morse-gitAUR. The username is the Telegram account telephone number (complete with the national prefix +xx, e.g. +49 for Germany).

The configuration through the GUI may be tricky: if the phone number is not accepted when configuring a new account in the KDE Telepathy client (with an error message complaining about an invalid parameter which prevents the account creation), insert it between single quotes and then remove the quotes manually from the configuration file (~/.local/share/telepathy/mission-control/accounts.cfg) after the account creation (if the quotes are not removed after, an authentication error should rise).

Note: The configuration file should be edited manually when KDE Telepathy is not running, e.g. when there is no KDE desktop session active, otherwise manual changes may be overwritten by the software.

Integrate Android

KDE Connect provides several features for you:

  • Share files and URLs to/from KDE from/to any app, without wires.
  • Touchpad emulation: Use your phone screen as your computer's touchpad.
  • Notifications sync (4.3+): Read your Android notifications from the desktop.
  • Shared clipboard: copy and paste between your phone and your computer.
  • Multimedia remote control: Use your phone as a remote for Linux media players.
  • WiFi connection: no usb wire or bluetooth needed.
  • RSA Encryption: your information is safe.

You will need to install KDE Connect both on your computer and on your Android. For PC side, install kdeconnect package. For Android side, install KDE Connect from Google Play or from F-Droid.

It is possible to use KDE Connect even if you do not use the Plasma desktop. For desktop environments that use AppIndicators, such as Unity, install indicator-kdeconnectAUR package as well.

Tips and tricks

Using an alternative window manager

The component chooser settings in Plasma does not allow changing the window manager anymore. [5] In order to change the window manager used you need to set the KDEWM environment variable before KDE startup. [6] To do that you can create a script called set_window_manager.sh in ~/.config/plasma-workspace/env and export the KDEWM variable there. For example to use the i3 window manager :

~/.config/plasma-workspace/env/set_window_manager.sh
export KDEWM=/usr/bin/i3

And then make it executable :

$ chmod +x ~/.config/plasma-workspace/env/set_window_manager.sh

KDE/Openbox session

The openbox package provides a session for using KDE with Openbox. To make use of this session, select KDE/Openbox from the display manager menu.

For those starting the session manually, add the following line to your .xinitrc file:

exec openbox-kde-session

Compiz custom

Tango-view-refresh-red.pngThis article or section is out of date.Tango-view-refresh-red.png

Reason: The window manager selection dialogue no longer exists so Compiz custom is no longer an option. (Discuss in Talk:KDE#)

If you need to run Compiz with custom options and switches select Compiz custom and then create a script called compiz-kde-launcher and add to it the commands you wish to use to start Compiz. See the example below:

/usr/local/bin/compiz-kde-launcher
#!/bin/bash
LIBGL_ALWAYS_INDIRECT=1
compiz --replace &
wait

Then make it executable:

$ chmod +x /usr/local/bin/compiz-kde-launcher

Re-enabling compositing effects

When replacing Kwin with a window manager which does not provide a Compositor (such as Openbox), any desktop compositing effects e.g. transparency will be lost. In this case, install and run a separate Composite manager to provide the effects such as Xcompmgr or Compton.

Configuring monitor resolution / multiple monitors

To enable display resolution management and multiple monitors in Plasma, install kscreen. This adds the additional options to Sytem Settings > Display and Monitor.

Disable opening application launcher with Super key (Windows key)

To disable this feature you currently can run the following command:

$ kwriteconfig5 --file kwinrc --group ModifierOnlyShortcuts --key Meta ""

Troubleshooting

Configuration related

Many problems in KDE are related to configuration.

Plasma desktop behaves strangely

Plasma problems are usually caused by unstable Plasma widgets (colloquially called plasmoids) or Plasma themes. First, find which was the last widget or theme you had installed and disable it or uninstall it.

So, if your desktop suddenly exhibits "locking up", this is likely caused by a faulty installed widget. If you cannot remember which widget you installed before the problem began (sometimes it can be an irregular problem), try to track it down by removing each widget until the problem ceases. Then you can uninstall the widget, and file a bug report (https://bugs.kde.org/) only if it is an official widget. If it is not, it is recommended you find the entry on https://store.kde.org/ and inform the developer of that widget about the problem (detailing steps to reproduce, etc).

If you cannot find the problem, but you do not want all the settings to be lost, navigate to ~/.config:

$ for j in plasma*; do mv -- "$j" "${j%}.bak"; done

This command will rename all Plasma related configs to *.bak (e.g. plasmarc.bak) of your user and when you will relogin into Plasma, you will have the default settings back. To undo that action, remove the .bak file extension. If you already have *.bak files, rename, move, or delete them first. It is highly recommended that you create regular backups anyway. See Synchronization and backup programs for a list of possible solutions.

Clean cache to resolve upgrade problems

The problem may be caused by old cache. Sometimes after an upgrade, the old cache might introduce strange, hard to debug behaviour such as unkillable shells, hangs when changing various settings and several other problems such as ark being unable to unrar or unzip or amarok not recognizing any of your music. This solution can also resolve problems with KDE and Qt programmes looking bad following upgrade.

Rebuild your cache with the following commands:

$ rm ~/.config/Trolltech.conf
$ kbuildsycoca5 --noincremental

Clean akonadi configuration to fix KMail

First, make sure that KMail is not running. Then backup configuration:

$ cp -a ~/.local/share/akonadi ~/.local/share/akonadi-old
$ cp -a ~/.config/akonadi ~/.config/akonadi-old

Start SystemSettings > Personal and remove all the resources. Go back to Dolphin and remove the original ~/.local/share/akonadi and ~/.config/akonadi - the copies you made ensure that you can back-track if necessary.

Now go back to the System Settings page and carefully add the necessary resources. You should see the resource reading in your mail folders. Then start Kontact/KMail to see if it work properly.

Fix empty IMAP inbox

For some IMAP accounts, kmail will show the inbox as a container with all other folders of this account inside. Kmail does not show messages in the inbox container but in all other subfolders, see KDE Bug 284172. To solve this problem simply disable the server side subscribition in the kmail account settings.

Getting current state of KWin for support and debug purposes

This command prints out a wonderful summary of the current state of KWin including used options, used compositing backend and relevant OpenGL driver capabilities. See more on Martin's blog.

$ qdbus org.kde.KWin /KWin supportInformation

KF5/Qt5 applications do not display icons in i3/fvwm/awesome

See Qt#Configuration of Qt5 apps under environments other than KDE Plasma.

Graphical related problems

Plasma keeps crashing with legacy Nvidia

This is caused by a bug in Plasma when using the Nvidia-304xx driver. Rather than disabling compositing, create a file kwin.sh in ~/.config/plasma-workspace/env/ with the following contents:

#!/bin/sh
export KWIN_EXPLICIT_SYNC=0

Then go to System Settings > Startup and Shutdown > Autostart and Check/Add the script as a pre-KDE startup file.

Applications do not refresh properly

If you use 3D-accelerated composition with Intel, you might find that the Plasma panel and other applications do not refresh properly (stay frozen). Some Intel drivers have problems with EGL. Go to System Settings > Display and Monitor > Compositor. Set OpenGL interface to OpenGL 3.1. If that does not work, see Intel graphics#SNA issues for alternative solutions.

Bad performance

Make sure you have the proper driver for your GPU installed. See Xorg#Driver installation for more information. If you have an older card, it might help to #Disable desktop effects manually or automatically for defined applications or #Disable compositing.

Disable desktop effects manually or automatically for defined applications

Plasma has desktop effects enabled by default and e.g. not every game will disable them automatically. You can disable desktop effects in System Settings > Desktop Effects and you can toggle desktop effects with Alt+Shift+F12. Additionally, you can create custom KWin rules to automatically disable/enable compositing when a certain application/window starts under System Settings > Window Management > Window Rules.

Disable compositing

In Sytem Settings > Display and Monitor, uncheck Enable compositor on startup and restart Plasma.

Flickering in fullscreen when compositing is enabled

In Sytem Settings > Display and Monitor, uncheck Allow applications to block compositing. This may harm performance.

Screen tearing with Nvidia

By default, KWin compositing suffers from tearing when used with the proprietary Nvidia driver. To work around this, create a file kwin.sh in ~/.config/plasma-workspace/env/ with the following contents:

#!/bin/sh
export __GL_YIELD="USLEEP"

This however does only work with OpenGL compositing.

Plasma cursor sometimes shown incorrecty

Create the directory ~/.icons/default and inside a file named index.theme with the following contents:

/home/archie/.icons/default/index.theme
[Icon Theme]
Inherits=breeze_cursors

Execute the following command:

$ ln -s /usr/share/icons/breeze_cursors/cursors ~/.icons/default/cursors

Sound problems under Plasma 5

No sound after suspend in KDE

If there is no sound after suspending and if KMix doesn't show audio devices which should be there, restarting plasmeshell and pulseaudio may help:

$ killall plasmashell
$ systemctl --user restart pulseaudio.service
$ plasmashell

Some applications may also need to be restarted in order for sound to play from them again.

ALSA related problems

Note: First make sure you have alsa-lib and alsa-utils installed.
"Falling back to default" messages when trying to listen to any sound

When you encounter such messages:

The audio playback device name_of_the_sound_device does not work.
Falling back to default

Go to System Settings > Multimedia > Phonon and set the device named default above all the other devices in each box you see.

MP3 files cannot be played when using the GStreamer Phonon backend

This can be solved by installing the GStreamer libav plugin (package gst-libav). If you still encounter problems, you can try changing the Phonon backend used by installing another such as phonon-qt4-vlc or phonon-qt5-vlc. Then, make sure the backend is preferred via System Settings > Multimedia > Backend.

Inotify folder watch limit

If you get the following error:

KDE Baloo Filewatch service reached the inotify folder watch limit. File changes may be ignored.

Then you will need to increase the inotify folder watch limit:

# echo 524288 > /proc/sys/fs/inotify/max_user_watches

To make changes permanent, create /etc/sysctl.d/40-max-user-watches.conf with:

fs.inotify.max_user_watches=524288

Freezes when using Automount on a NFS volume

Using Fstab#Automount with systemd on a NFS volume may cause freezes, see bug report upstream.

No Suspend/Hibernate options

If your system is able to suspend or hibernate using systemd but do not have these options shown in KDE, make sure powerdevil is installed.

Problems with saving credentials and persistently occuring KWallet dialogs

It is not recommended to turn off the KWallet password saving system in the user settings as it is required to save encrypted credentials like WiFi passphrases for each user. Persistently occuring KWallet dialogs can be the consequence of turning it off. In case you find the dialogs to unlock the wallet annoying when applications want to access it, you can let the login managers SDDM and LightDM unlock the wallet at login automatically, see KDE Wallet. The first wallet needs to be generated by KWallet (and not user-generated) in order to be usable for system program credentials. In case you want the wallet credentials not to be opened in memory for every application, you can restrict applications from accessing it with kwalletmanager in the KWallet settings. If you do not care for credential encryption at all, you can simply leave the password forms blank when KWallet asks for the password while creating a wallet. In this case, applications can access passwords without having to unlock the wallet first.

See also