KDE Packages (简体中文)

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我们从KDE 4.3开始为每个KDE软件提供了单独的软件包,因此撰写此文帮你更好地理解他们。

命名

  • module: KDE's source code is organized into several categories called modules. The project releases one source archive per module. See http://techbase.kde.org/Projects/Release_Team#Coordinator_List
  • group: Packages can be put into a package group. Pacman is able to select packages by groups on install or uninstall. This meta information does not imply any hard dependencies.
  • meta package: An empty package which just connects several packages by using dependencies.

软件包组

There are groups for each KDE module. In addition to this there is the kde group which includes the whole KDE distribution and a group strigi-analyzer.

Using groups makes it easier to install and maintain a set of packages. There is no hard dependency between a group and its packages. That means there is no need to install all packages of a group for example. On the other hand pacman wont install any packages new to a certain group on its own.

Just type

pacman -S kdebase kdeutils ...

to install some groups or

pacman -S kde

to install all of them.

Meta包

There are meta packages for each KDE module. Each of those replace and provide one of the previous packages that were used before KDE 4.3. This also ensures a smooth update to the new split packages.

In contrast to groups meta packages have a hard dependency to all its KDE modules. So, you cannot remove any sub packages without removing the meta package itself. If there are new modules available the use of meta packages ensures that pacman will install those automatically.

All meta packages are member of the kde-meta group and thus can be easily installed or removed.

You can remove or install meta packages at any time in order to use modular packages or emulate the previous monolithic set of packages.

To remove those groups use

pacman -R kde-meta

This wont remove any KDE packages but only the meta packages!

总览

软件包组 meta包 软件包 描述
kdeaccessibility kde-meta-kdeaccessibility
  • kdeaccessibility-colorschemes
  • kdeaccessibility-iconthemes
  • kdeaccessibility-kmag
  • kdeaccessibility-kmousetool
  • kdeaccessibility-kmouth
  • kdeaccessibility-kttsd
Accessibility applications
kdeadmin kde-meta-kdeadmin
  • kdeadmin-kcron
  • kdeadmin-ksystemlog
  • kdeadmin-kuser
  • kdeadmin-system-config-printer-kde
Tools for system administration
kdeartwork kde-meta-kdeartwork
  • kdeartwork-colorschemes
  • kdeartwork-desktopthemes
  • kdeartwork-emoticons
  • kdeartwork-iconthemes
  • kdeartwork-kscreensaver
  • kdeartwork-sounds
  • kdeartwork-styles
  • kdeartwork-wallpapers
  • kdeartwork-weatherwallpapers
Additional icons, styles, etc.
kdebase kde-meta-kdebase
  • kdebase-dolphin
  • kdebase-kappfinder
  • kdebase-kdepasswd
  • kdebase-kdialog
  • kdebase-keditbookmarks
  • kdebase-kfind
  • kdebase-kinfocenter
  • kdebase-konqueror
  • kdebase-konsole
  • kdebase-kwrite
  • kdebase-nsplugins
  • kdebase-plasma
Essential apps needed to complement a desktop shell for basic functionality (web browser, file manager, ...)
kdebindings kde-meta-kdebindings
  • kdebindings-python
  • kdebindings-smoke
Bindings to programming languages
kdeedu kde-meta-kdeedu
  • kdeedu-blinken
  • kdeedu-kalgebra
  • kdeedu-kalzium
  • kdeedu-kanagram
  • kdeedu-kbruch
  • kdeedu-kgeography
  • kdeedu-khangman
  • kdeedu-kig
  • kdeedu-kiten
  • kdeedu-klettres
  • kdeedu-kmplot
  • kdeedu-kstars
  • kdeedu-ktouch
  • kdeedu-kturtle
  • kdeedu-kwordquiz
  • kdeedu-marble
  • kdeedu-parley
  • kdeedu-step
Applications with educational content
kdegames kde-meta-kdegames
  • kdegames-bomber
  • kdegames-bovo
  • kdegames-kapman
  • kdegames-katomic
  • kdegames-kbattleship
  • kdegames-kblackbox
  • kdegames-kblocks
  • kdegames-kbounce
  • kdegames-kbreakout
  • kdegames-kdiamond
  • kdegames-kfourinline
  • kdegames-kgoldrunner
  • kdegames-killbots
  • kdegames-kiriki
  • kdegames-kjumpingcube
  • kdegames-klines
  • kdegames-kmahjongg
  • kdegames-kmines
  • kdegames-knetwalk
  • kdegames-kolf
  • kdegames-kollision
  • kdegames-konquest
  • kdegames-kpat
  • kdegames-kreversi
  • kdegames-ksame
  • kdegames-kshisen
  • kdegames-ksirk
  • kdegames-kspaceduel
  • kdegames-ksquares
  • kdegames-ksudoku
  • kdegames-ktron
  • kdegames-ktuberling
  • kdegames-kubrick
  • kdegames-lskat
Entertainment
kdegraphics kde-meta-kdegraphics
  • kdegraphics-gwenview
  • kdegraphics-kamera
  • kdegraphics-kcolorchooser
  • kdegraphics-kgamma
  • kdegraphics-kolourpaint
  • kdegraphics-kruler
  • kdegraphics-ksaneplugin
  • kdegraphics-ksnapshot
  • kdegraphics-okular
  • kdegraphics-strigi-analyzer
  • kdegraphics-svgpart
  • kdegraphics-thumbnailers
Graphics viewing and editing
kdemultimedia kde-meta-kdemultimedia
  • kdemultimedia-dragonplayer
  • kdemultimedia-juk
  • kdemultimedia-kioslave
  • kdemultimedia-kmix
  • kdemultimedia-kscd
  • kdemultimedia-mplayerthumbs
  • kdemultimedia-strigi-analyzer
Audio and video applications
kdenetwork kde-meta-kdenetwork
  • kdenetwork-filesharing
  • kdenetwork-kdnssd
  • kdenetwork-kget
  • kdenetwork-kopete
  • kdenetwork-kppp
  • kdenetwork-krdc
  • kdenetwork-krfb
Network-centric apps (IM, remote desktop, etc)
kdepim kde-meta-kdepim
  • kdepim-akregator
  • kdepim-console
  • kdepim-kaddressbook
  • kdepim-kalarm
  • kdepim-kjots
  • kdepim-kleopatra
  • kdepim-kmail
  • kdepim-kmailcvt
  • kdepim-knode
  • kdepim-knotes
  • kdepim-kontact
  • kdepim-kontactinterfaces
  • kdepim-korganizer
  • kdepim-kpilot
  • kdepim-kresources
  • kdepim-ksendemail
  • kdepim-ktimetracker
  • kdepim-plugins
  • kdepim-strigi-analyzer
  • kdepim-wizards
Groupware
kdeplasma-addons kde-meta-kdeplasma-addons
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-bball
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-binary-clock
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-bubblemon
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-calculator
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-charselect
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-comic
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-dict
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-eyes
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-fifteenpuzzle
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-filewatcher
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-frame
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-fuzzy-clock
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-incomingmsg
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-kolourpicker
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-konqprofiles
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-konsoleprofiles
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-lancelot
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-leavenote
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-life
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-luna
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-magnifique
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-mediaplayer
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-microblog
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-news
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-notes
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-nowplaying
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-opendesktop
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-paste
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-pastebin
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-previewer
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-rememberthemilk
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-rssnow
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-showdashboard
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-showdesktop
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-systemloadviewer
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-timer
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-unitconverter
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-weather
  • kdeplasma-addons-applets-weatherstation
  • kdeplasma-addons-runners-browserhistory
  • kdeplasma-addons-runners-contacts
  • kdeplasma-addons-runners-converter
  • kdeplasma-addons-runners-katesessions
  • kdeplasma-addons-runners-konquerorsessions
  • kdeplasma-addons-runners-konsolesessions
  • kdeplasma-addons-runners-spellchecker
  • kdeplasma-addons-wallpapers-mandelbrot
  • kdeplasma-addons-wallpapers-marble
  • kdeplasma-addons-wallpapers-pattern
  • kdeplasma-addons-wallpapers-virus
  • kdeplasma-addons-wallpapers-weather
Plasma applets
kdesdk kde-meta-kdesdk
  • kdesdk-cervisia
  • kdesdk-kapptemplate
  • kdesdk-kate
  • kdesdk-kbugbuster
  • kdesdk-kcachegrind
  • kdesdk-kdeaccounts-plugin
  • kdesdk-kdepalettes
  • kdesdk-kioslave
  • kdesdk-kmtrace
  • kdesdk-kompare
  • kdesdk-kpartloader
  • kdesdk-kprofilemethod
  • kdesdk-kstartperf
  • kdesdk-kuiviewer
  • kdesdk-lokalize
  • kdesdk-poxml
  • kdesdk-scripts
  • kdesdk-strigi-analyzer
  • kdesdk-umbrello
Tools for software development
kdetoys kde-meta-kdetoys
  • kdetoys-amor
  • kdetoys-kteatime
  • kdetoys-ktux
  • kdetoys-kweather
Fun distractions
kdeutils kde-meta-kdeutils
  • kdeutils-ark
  • kdeutils-kcalc
  • kdeutils-kcharselect
  • kdeutils-kdelirc
  • kdeutils-kdessh
  • kdeutils-kdf
  • kdeutils-kfloppy
  • kdeutils-kgpg
  • kdeutils-ktimer
  • kdeutils-kwallet
  • kdeutils-okteta
  • kdeutils-printer-applet
  • kdeutils-superkaramba
  • kdeutils-sweeper
Miscellaneous utilities
kdewebdev kde-meta-kdewebdev
  • kdewebdev-kfilereplace
  • kdewebdev-kimagemapeditor
  • kdewebdev-klinkstatus
  • kdewebdev-kommander
  • kdewebdev-kxsldbg
Web development tool suite