Difference between revisions of "KEYMAP"

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(add Turkish interlanguage link)
(everything is covered in Keyboard Configuration in Console and Keyboard Configuration in Xorg, redirect to the former because KEYMAP is used to configure console keymap)
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[[Category:Internationalization]]
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#REDIRECT [[Keyboard Configuration in Console]]
[[tr:Klavye_düzeni]]
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{{i18n|KEYMAP}}
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The '''KEYMAP''' variable is specified in the {{ic|/etc/rc.conf}} file. It defines what keymap the keyboard is in the virtual consoles. Keytable files are provided by the {{Pkg|kbd}} package.
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==Keyboard layouts==
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This is the list of known keymap settings to work for the corresponding keyboard layouts. Usually the "map.gz" extension can be ignored.
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Most keymaps can be found in the {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/i386/''layout''}} (''layout''=qwerty, azerty, dvorak, etc.) directory.
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Less common but nonetheless useful keymaps for Arch Linux are found in the {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/''architecture''}} (''architecture''=mac, sun, etc.) directory.
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{{Note|In an X session, you can use setxkbmap to instantly apply keyboard layout: {{Ic|setxkbmap -layout dvorak}}}}
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{{Note|If these keymaps do not work for you, try removing the {{Ic|.map.gz}} from the keymap name. If that does not work, make sure the keymap file exists in {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/}} using {{Ic|find}}: {{Ic|find /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/ -name "*[your desired keymap]*"}}}}
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<table border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0">
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<tr>
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<th>Keymap setting</th>
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<th>Keyboard</th>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"be-latin1.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>Belgian</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"br-abnt2.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>Brazilian Portuguese</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"cf.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>Canadian-French</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"ca_multi.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>Canadian Multilingual (''currently only available in the [[Arch User Repository|AUR]]'')</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"colemak"}}</td>
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<td>Colemak (US)</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"croat.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>Croatian</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"cz-lat2.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>Czech</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"dvorak"}}</td>
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<td>Dvorak</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"fr-latin9.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>French</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"de-latin1.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>German</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"de-latin1-nodeadkeys.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>German (no dead keys)</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"lt.baltic.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>Lithuanian (qwerty)</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"no-latin1.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>Norwegian</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"lat2-16.psfu.gz"}}</td>
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<td>Polish</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"pt-latin9.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>Portuguese</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"ro_win.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>Romanian</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"ru4.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>Russian</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"slovene"}}</td>
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<td>Slovene</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"sv-latin1.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>Swedish</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"fr_CH-latin1.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>Swiss-French</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"sg-latin1.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>Swiss-German</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"de_CH-latin1.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>Swiss-German</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"es.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>Spanish</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"la-latin1.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>Spanish Latinoamerican</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"tr_q-latin5.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>Turkish</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"ua.map.gz"}}</td>
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<td>Ukrainian</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td>{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>"uk"}}</td>
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<td>United Kingdom</td>
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</tr>
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</table>
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==Make CapsLock into another Control key in the Console==
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<ol>
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<li>{{ic|cd}} to {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/i386/qwerty}}</li>
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<li>Copy the {{ic|us.map.gz}} to a new file {{ic|myus.map.gz}}</li>
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<li>{{ic|gunzip}} the new map file</li>
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<li>Edit {{ic|myus.map}} using your favorite editor and change the line {{ic|keycode 58 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Caps_Lock}} to {{ic|keycode 58 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Control}}</li>
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<li>{{ic|gzip}} the map file</li>
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<li>Change the default keyboard layout file that will be used by editing {{ic|/etc/rc.conf}} and changing the line that says {{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>us}} to {{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>myus}}</li>
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<li>Reboot to use your capslock key the way nature intended</li>
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</ol>
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Revision as of 11:17, 15 September 2013