Difference between revisions of "KEYMAP"

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m (Keyboard layouts)
(everything is covered in Keyboard Configuration in Console and Keyboard Configuration in Xorg, redirect to the former because KEYMAP is used to configure console keymap)
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[[Category:Internationalization]]
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#REDIRECT [[Keyboard Configuration in Console]]
[[es:KEYMAP]]
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[[pt:KEYMAP]]
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[[tr:Klavye_düzeni]]
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[[zh-CN:KEYMAP]]
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The '''KEYMAP''' variable is specified in the [[Systemd#Console_and_keymap|{{ic|/etc/vconsole.conf}}]] file. It defines what keymap the keyboard is in the virtual consoles. Keytable files are provided by the {{Pkg|kbd}} package.
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==Keyboard layouts==
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This is the list of known keymap settings to work for the corresponding keyboard layouts. Most keymaps can be found in the {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/i386/''layout''}} (''layout''=qwerty, azerty, dvorak, etc.) directory.
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Less common but nonetheless useful keymaps for Arch Linux are found in the {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/''architecture''}} (''architecture''=mac, sun, etc.) directory.
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{{Note|In an X session, you can use setxkbmap to instantly apply keyboard layout: {{Ic|setxkbmap -layout dvorak}}}}
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{{Note|If these keymaps do not work for you, make sure the keymap file exists in {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/}} using {{Ic|find}}: {{Ic|find /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/ -name "*[your desired keymap]*"}}}}
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{| class="wikitable" border="1"
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|-
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!  Keyboard
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!  Keymap setting
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|-
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|Belgian
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>be-latin1}}
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|-
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|Brazilian Portuguese
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>br-abnt2}}
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|-
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|Canadian-French
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>cf}}
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|-
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|Canadian Multilingual (''in [[Arch User Repository|AUR]]'')
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>ca_multi}}
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|-
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|Colemak ''(US)''
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>colemak}}
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|-
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|Croatian
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>croat}}
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|-
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|Czech
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>cz-lat2}}
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|-
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|Dvorak
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>dvorak}}
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|-
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|French
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>fr-latin1}}
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|-
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|German
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>de-latin1}}
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|-
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|German ''(no dead keys)''
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>de-latin1-nodeadkeys}}
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|-
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|Italian
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>it}}
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|-
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|Lithuanian ''(qwerty)''
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>lt.baltic}}
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|-
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|Norwegian
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>no-latin1}}
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|-
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|Polish
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>pl}}
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|-
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|Portuguese
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>pt-latin9}}
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|-
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|Romanian
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>ro_win}}
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|-
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|Russian
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>ru4}}
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|-
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|Singapore
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>sg-latin1}}
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|-
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|Slovene
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>slovene}}
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|-
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|Swedish
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>sv-latin1}}
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|-
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|Swiss-French
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>fr_CH-latin1}}
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|-
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|Swiss-German
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>de_CH-latin1}}
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|-
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|Spanish
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>es}}
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|-
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|Spanish Latinoamerican
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>la-latin1}}
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|-
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|Turkish
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>tr_q-latin5}}
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|-
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|Ukrainian
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>ua}}
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|-
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|United Kingdom
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|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>gb}} or {{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>uk}} in the installer.
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|}
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==Configuring the Console Keymap==
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#{{ic|cd}} to {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/i386/qwerty}}
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#Copy your default keymap ({{ic|us.map.gz}}) to a new file {{ic|personal.map.gz}}
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#{{ic|gunzip}} the new map file
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#Edit {{ic|personal.map}} using your favorite editor. Examples:
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#*'''Make the Right Alt key same as Left Alt key (Emacs)'''<br>change the line {{ic|include "linux-with-alt-and-altgr"}} to {{ic|include "linux-with-two-alt-keys"}}
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#*'''Swap CapsLock with Escape (Vim)'''<br>make {{ic|keycode 1 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Caps_Lock}} and {{ic|keycode 58 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Escape}}
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#*'''Make CapsLock another Control key'''<br>change the line {{ic|keycode 58 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Caps_Lock}} to {{ic|keycode 58 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Control}}
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#*'''Swap CapsLock with Left Control key'''<br>make {{ic|keycode 29 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Caps_Lock}} and {{ic|keycode 58 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Control}}
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#{{ic|gzip}} the map file
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#Change the default keyboard layout file that will be used by editing {{ic|/etc/vconsole.conf}} (you might have to create this file) and changing the line that says {{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>us}} to {{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>personal}}
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#Reboot to use your keymap the way nature intended (or run "loadkeys personal")
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Revision as of 11:17, 15 September 2013