Difference between revisions of "KEYMAP"

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(Keyboard layouts)
(everything is covered in Keyboard Configuration in Console and Keyboard Configuration in Xorg, redirect to the former because KEYMAP is used to configure console keymap)
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#REDIRECT [[Keyboard Configuration in Console]]
The '''KEYMAP''' variable is specified in the [[Systemd#Console_and_keymap|{{ic|/etc/vconsole.conf}}]] file. It defines what keymap the keyboard is in the virtual consoles. Keytable files are provided by the {{Pkg|kbd}} package.
==Keyboard layouts==
This is the list of known keymap settings to work for the corresponding keyboard layouts. Most keymaps can be found in the {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/i386/''layout''}} (''layout''=qwerty, azerty, dvorak, etc.) directory.
Less common but nonetheless useful keymaps for Arch Linux are found in the {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/''architecture''}} (''architecture''=mac, sun, etc.) directory.
You can find more info about your keyboard layout with:
{{Ic|less /usr/share/X11/xkb/rules/base.lst}}
{{Note|In an X session, you can use setxkbmap to instantly apply keyboard layout: {{Ic|setxkbmap -layout dvorak}}}}
{{Note|You can also use this method to modify single keys. This command would assign the compose functionality to the caps lock key: {{ic|setxkbmap -option 'compose:caps'}}
This allows for example to write umlauts easily. Example for Umlaut A: {{ic| CAPSLOCK, ", A}}  ->  Ä. You can also configure the right Windows key as a Compose key with {{ic|setxkbmap -option 'compose:rwin'}}}}
{{Note|If these keymaps do not work for you, make sure the keymap file exists in {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/}} using {{Ic|find}}: {{Ic|find /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/ -name "*[your desired keymap]*"}}}}
{{Note|You can see some instructions on how to use some keymaps in their respective files with: {{Ic| zless /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/.../.../xx.map.gz}}}}
{| class="wikitable" border="1"
!  Keyboard
!  Keymap setting
|Armenian (Eastern)
|{{Ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>am -variant eastern}}
|Brazilian Portuguese
|Canadian Multilingual (''in [[Arch User Repository|AUR]]'')
|Colemak ''(US)''
|German ''(no dead keys)''
|Lithuanian ''(qwerty)''
|Spanish Spaniard
|Spanish Latin American
|Spanish Dvorak
|United Kingdom
==Configuring the Console Keymap==
#{{ic|cd}} to {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/i386/qwerty}}
#Copy your default keymap ({{ic|us.map.gz}}) to a new file {{ic|personal.map.gz}}
#{{ic|gunzip}} the new map file
#Edit {{ic|personal.map}} using your favorite editor. Examples:
#*'''Make the Right Alt key same as Left Alt key (Emacs)'''<br>change the line {{ic|include "linux-with-alt-and-altgr"}} to {{ic|include "linux-with-two-alt-keys"}}
#*'''Swap CapsLock with Escape (Vim)'''<br>make {{ic|keycode 1 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Caps_Lock}} and {{ic|keycode 58 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Escape}}
#*'''Make CapsLock another Control key'''<br>change the line {{ic|keycode 58 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Caps_Lock}} to {{ic|keycode 58 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Control}}
#*'''Swap CapsLock with Left Control key'''<br>make {{ic|keycode 29 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Caps_Lock}} and {{ic|keycode 58 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Control}}
#{{ic|gzip}} the map file
#Change the default keyboard layout file that will be used by editing {{ic|/etc/vconsole.conf}} (you might have to create this file) and changing the line that says {{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>us}} to {{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>personal}}
#Reboot to use your keymap the way nature intended (or run "loadkeys personal")

Revision as of 11:17, 15 September 2013