Difference between revisions of "KEYMAP"

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[[Category:Internationalization]]
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#REDIRECT [[Keyboard configuration in console]]
[[de:KEYMAP]]
 
[[es:KEYMAP]]
 
[[fr:KEYMAP]]
 
[[ja:KEYMAP]]
 
[[pt:KEYMAP]]
 
[[tr:Klavye_düzeni]]
 
[[zh-CN:KEYMAP]]
 
==Introduction and basic configuration==
 
 
 
The virtual console (keyboard mapping, console font, and console map) is configured in {{ic|/etc/vconsole.conf}}. It defines what keymap the keyboard is in the virtual consoles. Keytable files are provided by the {{Pkg|kbd}} package. An example {{ic|/etc/vconsole.conf}} is shown below:
 
 
 
{{hc|/etc/vconsole.conf|2=
 
KEYMAP=us
 
FONT=lat9w-16
 
FONT_MAP=8859-1_to_uni}}
 
 
 
{{Note|As of {{pkg|systemd}}-194, the built-in ''kernel'' font and the ''us'' keymap are used if {{ic|1=KEYMAP=}} and {{ic|1=FONT=}} are empty or not set.}}
 
 
 
Another way to set the keyboard mapping (keymap) is using {{ic|localectl}}:
 
 
 
# localectl set-keymap de
 
 
 
{{ic|localectl}} can also be used to set the X11 keymap:
 
 
 
# localectl set-x11-keymap de
 
 
 
See {{ic|man 1 localectl}} and {{ic|man 5 vconsole.conf}} for details.
 
 
 
== Keyboard layouts ==
 
 
 
This is the list of known keymap settings to work for the corresponding keyboard layouts. Most keymaps can be found in the {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/i386/''layout''}} (''layout''=qwerty, azerty, dvorak, etc.) directory.
 
 
 
Less common but nonetheless useful keymaps for Arch Linux are found in the {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/''architecture''}} (''architecture''=mac, sun, etc.) directory.
 
 
 
You can find more info about your keyboard layout with:
 
{{ic|less /usr/share/X11/xkb/rules/base.lst}}
 
 
 
{{Note|
 
* In an X session, you can use setxkbmap to instantly apply keyboard layout: {{ic|setxkbmap -layout dvorak}}
 
* You can also use this method to modify single keys. This command would assign the compose functionality to the caps lock key: {{ic|setxkbmap -option 'compose:caps'}}. This allows for example to write umlauts easily. Example for Umlaut A: {{ic| CAPSLOCK, ", A}}  ->  Ä. You can also configure the right Windows key as a Compose key with {{ic|setxkbmap -option 'compose:rwin'}}
 
* If these keymaps do not work for you, make sure the keymap file exists in {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/}} using {{ic|find}}: {{ic|find /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/ -name "*[your desired keymap]*"}}
 
* You can see some instructions on how to use some keymaps in their respective files with: {{ic|zless /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/.../.../xx.map.gz}}}}
 
 
 
{| class="wikitable" border="1"
 
|-
 
!  Keyboard
 
!  Keymap setting
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Armenian
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>am}}
 
|-
 
|Armenian (Eastern)
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>am -variant eastern}}
 
|-
 
|Belgian
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>be-latin1}}
 
|-
 
|Brazilian Portuguese
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>br-abnt2}}
 
|-
 
|Canadian-French
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>cf}}
 
|-
 
|Canadian Multilingual (''in [[AUR]]'')
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>ca_multi}}
 
|-
 
|Colemak ''(US)''
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>colemak}}
 
|-
 
|Croatian
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>croat}}
 
|-
 
|Czech
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>cz-lat2}}
 
|-
 
|Danish
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>dk}}
 
|-
 
|Dvorak
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>dvorak}}
 
|-
 
|Finnish
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>fi-latin1}}
 
|-
 
|French
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>fr-latin1}}
 
|-
 
|Georgian
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>ge}}
 
|-
 
|German
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>de-latin1}}
 
|-
 
|German ''(no dead keys)''
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>de-latin1-nodeadkeys}}
 
|-
 
|Greek
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>gr}}
 
|-
 
|Italian
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>it}}
 
|-
 
|Lithuanian ''(qwerty)''
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>lt.baltic}}
 
|-
 
|Norwegian
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>no-latin1}}
 
|-
 
|Polish
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>pl}}
 
|-
 
|Portuguese
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>pt-latin9}}
 
|-
 
|Romanian
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>ro_win}}
 
|-
 
|Russian
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>ru4}}
 
|-
 
|Singapore
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>sg-latin1}}
 
|-
 
|Slovene
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>slovene}}
 
|-
 
|Swedish
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>sv-latin1}}
 
|-
 
|Swiss-French
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>fr_CH-latin1}}
 
|-
 
|Swiss-German
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>de_CH-latin1}}
 
|-
 
|Spanish Spaniard
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>es}}
 
|-
 
|Spanish Latin American
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>la-latin1}}
 
|-
 
|Spanish Dvorak
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>dvorak-es}}
 
|-
 
|Turkish
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>tr_q-latin5}}
 
|-
 
|Ukrainian
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>ua}}
 
|-
 
|United Kingdom
 
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>uk}}
 
|}
 
 
 
== Configuring the console keymap ==
 
 
 
# {{ic|cd /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/i386/qwerty}}.
 
# Copy your default keymap ({{ic|us.map.gz}}) to a new file {{ic|personal.map.gz}}.
 
# {{ic|gunzip}} the new map file.
 
# Edit {{ic|personal.map}} using your favorite editor. Examples:
 
#* '''Make the Right Alt key same as Left Alt key (Emacs)'''<br>change the line {{ic|include "linux-with-alt-and-altgr"}} to {{ic|include "linux-with-two-alt-keys"}}.
 
#* '''Swap CapsLock with Escape (Vim)'''<br>make {{ic|keycode 1 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Caps_Lock}} and {{ic|keycode 58 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Escape}}.
 
#* '''Make CapsLock another Control key'''<br>change the line {{ic|keycode 58 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Caps_Lock}} to {{ic|keycode 58 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Control}}.
 
#* '''Swap CapsLock with Left Control key'''<br>make {{ic|keycode 29 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Caps_Lock}} and {{ic|keycode 58 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Control}}.
 
# {{ic|gzip}} the map file.
 
# Change the default keyboard layout file that will be used by editing {{ic|/etc/vconsole.conf}} (you might have to create this file) and changing the line that says {{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>us}} to {{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>personal}}.
 
# Reboot to use your keymap the way nature intended (or run "loadkeys personal").
 

Latest revision as of 20:44, 27 March 2014