Difference between revisions of "KEYMAP"

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m (Keyboard layouts: Added Japanese KEYMAP which I've tested. This appeared on the Japanese version of this page, but not the English.)
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#REDIRECT [[Keyboard configuration in console]]
==Introduction and basic configuration==
The virtual console (keyboard mapping, console font, and console map) is configured in {{ic|/etc/vconsole.conf}}. It defines what keymap the keyboard is in the virtual consoles. Keytable files are provided by the {{Pkg|kbd}} package. An example {{ic|/etc/vconsole.conf}} is shown below:
{{Note|As of {{pkg|systemd}}-194, the built-in ''kernel'' font and the ''us'' keymap are used if {{ic|1=KEYMAP=}} and {{ic|1=FONT=}} are empty or not set.}}
Another way to set the keyboard mapping (keymap) is using {{ic|localectl}}:
# localectl set-keymap de
{{ic|localectl}} can also be used to set the X11 keymap:
# localectl set-x11-keymap de
See {{ic|man 1 localectl}} and {{ic|man 5 vconsole.conf}} for details.
== Keyboard layouts ==
This is the list of known keymap settings to work for the corresponding keyboard layouts. Most keymaps can be found in the {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/i386/''layout''}} (''layout''=qwerty, azerty, dvorak, etc.) directory.
Less common but nonetheless useful keymaps for Arch Linux are found in the {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/''architecture''}} (''architecture''=mac, sun, etc.) directory.
You can find more info about your keyboard layout with:
{{ic|less /usr/share/X11/xkb/rules/base.lst}}
* In an X session, you can use setxkbmap to instantly apply keyboard layout: {{ic|setxkbmap -layout dvorak}}
* You can also use this method to modify single keys. This command would assign the compose functionality to the caps lock key: {{ic|setxkbmap -option 'compose:caps'}}. This allows for example to write umlauts easily. Example for Umlaut A: {{ic| CAPSLOCK, ", A}}  ->  Ä. You can also configure the right Windows key as a Compose key with {{ic|setxkbmap -option 'compose:rwin'}}
* If these keymaps do not work for you, make sure the keymap file exists in {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/}} using {{ic|find}}: {{ic|find /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/ -name "*[your desired keymap]*"}}
* You can see some instructions on how to use some keymaps in their respective files with: {{ic|zless /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/.../.../xx.map.gz}}}}
{| class="wikitable" border="1"
!  Keyboard
!  Keymap setting
|Armenian (Eastern)
|{{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>am -variant eastern}}
|Brazilian Portuguese
|Canadian Multilingual (''in [[AUR]]'')
|Colemak ''(US)''
|German ''(no dead keys)''
|Lithuanian ''(qwerty)''
|Spanish Spaniard
|Spanish Latin American
|Spanish Dvorak
|United Kingdom
== Configuring the console keymap ==
# {{ic|cd /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/i386/qwerty}}.
# Copy your default keymap ({{ic|us.map.gz}}) to a new file {{ic|personal.map.gz}}.
# {{ic|gunzip}} the new map file.
# Edit {{ic|personal.map}} using your favorite editor. Examples:
#* '''Make the Right Alt key same as Left Alt key (Emacs)'''<br>change the line {{ic|include "linux-with-alt-and-altgr"}} to {{ic|include "linux-with-two-alt-keys"}}.
#* '''Swap CapsLock with Escape (Vim)'''<br>make {{ic|keycode 1 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Caps_Lock}} and {{ic|keycode 58 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Escape}}.
#* '''Make CapsLock another Control key'''<br>change the line {{ic|keycode 58 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Caps_Lock}} to {{ic|keycode 58 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Control}}.
#* '''Swap CapsLock with Left Control key'''<br>make {{ic|keycode 29 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Caps_Lock}} and {{ic|keycode 58 <nowiki>=</nowiki> Control}}.
# {{ic|gzip}} the map file.
# Change the default keyboard layout file that will be used by editing {{ic|/etc/vconsole.conf}} (you might have to create this file) and changing the line that says {{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>us}} to {{ic|KEYMAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>personal}}.
# Reboot to use your keymap the way nature intended (or run "loadkeys personal").

Latest revision as of 20:44, 27 March 2014