Difference between revisions of "KEYMAP"

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m (Keyboard layouts: Added Japanese KEYMAP which I've tested. This appeared on the Japanese version of this page, but not the English.)
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Revision as of 03:33, 14 September 2013

Introduction and basic configuration

The virtual console (keyboard mapping, console font, and console map) is configured in /etc/vconsole.conf. It defines what keymap the keyboard is in the virtual consoles. Keytable files are provided by the kbd package. An example /etc/vconsole.conf is shown below:

Note: As of systemd-194, the built-in kernel font and the us keymap are used if KEYMAP= and FONT= are empty or not set.

Another way to set the keyboard mapping (keymap) is using localectl:

# localectl set-keymap de

localectl can also be used to set the X11 keymap:

# localectl set-x11-keymap de

See man 1 localectl and man 5 vconsole.conf for details.

Keyboard layouts

This is the list of known keymap settings to work for the corresponding keyboard layouts. Most keymaps can be found in the /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/i386/layout (layout=qwerty, azerty, dvorak, etc.) directory.

Less common but nonetheless useful keymaps for Arch Linux are found in the /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/architecture (architecture=mac, sun, etc.) directory.

You can find more info about your keyboard layout with: less /usr/share/X11/xkb/rules/base.lst

  • In an X session, you can use setxkbmap to instantly apply keyboard layout: setxkbmap -layout dvorak
  • You can also use this method to modify single keys. This command would assign the compose functionality to the caps lock key: setxkbmap -option 'compose:caps'. This allows for example to write umlauts easily. Example for Umlaut A: CAPSLOCK, ", A -> Ä. You can also configure the right Windows key as a Compose key with setxkbmap -option 'compose:rwin'
  • If these keymaps do not work for you, make sure the keymap file exists in /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/ using find: find /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/ -name "*[your desired keymap]*"
  • You can see some instructions on how to use some keymaps in their respective files with: zless /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/.../.../xx.map.gz
Keyboard Keymap setting
Armenian KEYMAP=am
Armenian (Eastern) KEYMAP=am -variant eastern
Belgian KEYMAP=be-latin1
Brazilian Portuguese KEYMAP=br-abnt2
Canadian-French KEYMAP=cf
Canadian Multilingual (in AUR) KEYMAP=ca_multi
Colemak (US) KEYMAP=colemak
Croatian KEYMAP=croat
Czech KEYMAP=cz-lat2
Danish KEYMAP=dk
Dvorak KEYMAP=dvorak
Finnish KEYMAP=fi-latin1
French KEYMAP=fr-latin1
Georgian KEYMAP=ge
German KEYMAP=de-latin1
German (no dead keys) KEYMAP=de-latin1-nodeadkeys
Greek KEYMAP=gr
Italian KEYMAP=it
Japanese KEYMAP=jp106
Lithuanian (qwerty) KEYMAP=lt.baltic
Norwegian KEYMAP=no-latin1
Polish KEYMAP=pl
Portuguese KEYMAP=pt-latin9
Romanian KEYMAP=ro_win
Russian KEYMAP=ru4
Singapore KEYMAP=sg-latin1
Slovene KEYMAP=slovene
Swedish KEYMAP=sv-latin1
Swiss-French KEYMAP=fr_CH-latin1
Swiss-German KEYMAP=de_CH-latin1
Spanish Spaniard KEYMAP=es
Spanish Latin American KEYMAP=la-latin1
Spanish Dvorak KEYMAP=dvorak-es
Turkish KEYMAP=tr_q-latin5
Ukrainian KEYMAP=ua
United Kingdom KEYMAP=uk

Configuring the console keymap

  1. cd /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/i386/qwerty.
  2. Copy your default keymap (us.map.gz) to a new file personal.map.gz.
  3. gunzip the new map file.
  4. Edit personal.map using your favorite editor. Examples:
    • Make the Right Alt key same as Left Alt key (Emacs)
      change the line include "linux-with-alt-and-altgr" to include "linux-with-two-alt-keys".
    • Swap CapsLock with Escape (Vim)
      make keycode 1 = Caps_Lock and keycode 58 = Escape.
    • Make CapsLock another Control key
      change the line keycode 58 = Caps_Lock to keycode 58 = Control.
    • Swap CapsLock with Left Control key
      make keycode 29 = Caps_Lock and keycode 58 = Control.
  5. gzip the map file.
  6. Change the default keyboard layout file that will be used by editing /etc/vconsole.conf (you might have to create this file) and changing the line that says KEYMAP=us to KEYMAP=personal.
  7. Reboot to use your keymap the way nature intended (or run "loadkeys personal").