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The KEYMAP variable is specified in the /etc/rc.conf file. It defines what keymap the keyboard is in the virtual consoles. Keytable files are provided by the kbd package.

Keyboard layouts

This is the list of known keymap settings to work for the corresponding keyboard layouts. Usually the "map.gz" extension can be ignored. Most keymaps can be found in the /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/i386/layout (layout=qwerty, azerty, dvorak, etc.) directory.

Less common but nonetheless useful keymaps for Arch Linux are found in the /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/architecture (architecture=mac, sun, etc.) directory.

Note: In an X session, you can use setxkbmap to instantly apply keyboard layout: setxkbmap -layout dvorak
Note: If these keymaps do not work for you, try removing the .map.gz from the keymap name. If that does not work, make sure the keymap file exists in /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/ using find: find /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/ -name "*[your desired keymap]*"
Keymap setting Keyboard
KEYMAP="" Belgian
KEYMAP="" Brazilian Portuguese
KEYMAP="" Canadian-French
KEYMAP="" Canadian Multilingual (currently only available in the AUR)
KEYMAP="colemak" Colemak (US)
KEYMAP="" Croatian
KEYMAP="" Czech
KEYMAP="dvorak" Dvorak
KEYMAP="" French
KEYMAP="" German
KEYMAP="" German (no dead keys)
KEYMAP="" Lithuanian (qwerty)
KEYMAP="" Norwegian
KEYMAP="lat2-16.psfu.gz" Polish
KEYMAP="" Portuguese
KEYMAP="" Romanian
KEYMAP="" Russian
KEYMAP="slovene" Slovene
KEYMAP="" Swedish
KEYMAP="" Swiss-French
KEYMAP="" Swiss-German
KEYMAP="" Swiss-German
KEYMAP="" Spanish
KEYMAP="" Spanish Latinoamerican
KEYMAP="" Turkish
KEYMAP="" Ukrainian
KEYMAP="uk" United Kingdom