Difference between revisions of "KMSCON"

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[[Category:Terminal emulators]]
 
[[Category:Terminal emulators]]
{{Article summary start}}
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[[ja:KMSCON]]
{{Article summary text|A guide to installing and configuring kmscon, the userspace linux-console replacement.}}
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[[zh-hans:KMSCON]]
{{Article summary heading|Related}}
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{{Related articles start}}
{{Article summary wiki|KMS}}
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{{Related|KMS}}
{{Article summary wiki|systemd}}
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{{Related|systemd}}
{{Article summary end}}
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{{Related|fbterm}}
 +
{{Related articles end}}
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From the project's [http://cgit.freedesktop.org/~dvdhrm/kmscon/tree/README git repository]:
  
From the [https://github.com/dvdhrm/kmscon project github page]:
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:''Kmscon is a simple terminal emulator based on linux [[kernel mode setting]]. It is an attempt to replace the in-kernel VT implementation with a userspace console.''
  
''Kmscon is a simple terminal emulator based on linux kernel mode setting (KMS). It is an attempt to replace the in-kernel VT implementation with a userspace console.''
+
== Features ==
  
== Requirements ==
 
Despite its name, KMS is not a hard requirement for kmscon. Kmscon supports the following video backends: fbdev (Linux fbdev video backend), drm2d (Linux DRM software-rendering backend), drm3d (Linux DRM hardware-rendering backend). Make sure one of them is available on your system.
 
 
== Features ==
 
 
Kmscon can function as a drop-in replacement for the in-kernel linux-console. Features include:
 
Kmscon can function as a drop-in replacement for the in-kernel linux-console. Features include:
  
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* Multi-seat capability.
 
* Multi-seat capability.
  
NB: KMSCON supports user logins only. If you need to login as root you will either need agetty or log into root using the su command.
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{{Note|In order to be able to log into a kmscon console as root, you have to disable the {{ic|pam_securetty}} module by removing or commenting out the corresponding line in {{ic|/etc/pam.d/login}}. }}
 +
 
 +
== Install ==
 +
 
 +
Despite its name, KMS is not a hard requirement for kmscon. Kmscon supports the following video backends: fbdev (Linux fbdev video backend), drm2d (Linux DRM software-rendering backend), drm3d (Linux DRM hardware-rendering backend). Make sure one of them is available on your system.
 +
 
 +
Install the {{AUR|kmscon}} package or the {{AUR|kmscon-git}} package for a development version from the [[AUR]].
 +
 
 +
Normally, there is a special systemd configuration for tty1. To be conservative, you can continue to run the traditional agetty on tty1 and only run kmscon on all the other virtual terminals.  Or you can run kmscon on both tty1 and the other VTs.
 +
 
 +
To enable kmscon on tty1, run:
 +
{{bc|
 +
# systemctl disable getty@tty1.service
 +
# systemctl enable kmsconvt@tty1.service
 +
}}
  
== Installation ==
+
To enable kmscon on all virtual terminals, run:
Install {{pkg|kmscon}} from one of the [[official repositories]]. Alternatively, you can install {{AUR|kmscon-git}} from the [[Arch User Repository]].
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{{bc|
 +
# ln -s /usr/lib/systemd/system/kmsconvt\@.service /etc/systemd/system/autovt\@.service
 +
}}
  
== Replacing linux-console ==
+
This will make {{pkg|systemd}} start kmscon instead of agetty on each VT. More precisely, this will make ''systemd-logind'' use {{ic|kmsconvt@.service}} instead of {{ic|getty@.service}} for new VTs. Additionally, all other systemd units that use {{ic|getty@.service}} will not be affected by this change.
{{Note|1=Make sure you are using kmscon>=7, which contains an improved version of kmsconvt@.service. Alternatively, you can use the git version.}}
+
 
As root, issue:
+
If ''kmscon'' cannot start for whatever reason, this unit will cause {{ic|getty@.service}} to be started instead. Furthermore, if no VTs are available, this unit will not start anything.
{{bc|# ln -s /usr/lib/systemd/system/kmsconvt\@.service /etc/systemd/system/autovt\@.service
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# systemctl enable kmsconvt\@.service}}
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{{Warning|If you've replaced agetty on all terminals, take care to ensure ''kmscon'' presents you with a prompt before rebooting your machine, otherwise you may have to recover through a live CD.}}
This will make {{pkg|systemd}} start kmscon instead of agetty on each VT. If for whatever reason kmscon failed to start, then agetty would be started instead.
+
 
 +
== CJK support ==
  
== CJK Support ==
 
{{Note|1=Make sure you are using kmscon>=7 as kmscon<=6 does not render multi-cell glyphs correctly. Alternatively, you can use the git version.}}
 
 
Kmscon supports rendering CJK characters through the default font engine {{pkg|pango}}. However, {{pkg|fontconfig}} has to be globally configured to map the monospace font alias to proper CJK fonts. For Chinese users, the following template is provided and proved to result in satisfactory Chinese characters rendering:
 
Kmscon supports rendering CJK characters through the default font engine {{pkg|pango}}. However, {{pkg|fontconfig}} has to be globally configured to map the monospace font alias to proper CJK fonts. For Chinese users, the following template is provided and proved to result in satisfactory Chinese characters rendering:
 
{{hc|/etc/fonts/conf.d/99-kmscon.conf|<nowiki>
 
{{hc|/etc/fonts/conf.d/99-kmscon.conf|<nowiki>
Line 52: Line 65:
 
</fontconfig>
 
</fontconfig>
 
</nowiki>}}
 
</nowiki>}}
You need to have {{pkg|ttf-dejavu}} and {{pkg|wqy-microhei}}, both available from the [[official repositories]], installed.
+
You need to have {{Pkg|ttf-dejavu}} and {{Pkg|wqy-microhei}}, both available from the official repositories, installed.
  
 
== Troubleshooting ==
 
== Troubleshooting ==
  
* You may want to add '--hwaccel --drm' to ExecStart if you have problems with switching between Xorg and kmscon.
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=== Problems with switching between Xorg and kmscon ===
  ExecStart=/usr/bin/kmscon "--vt=%I" --seats=seat0 --no-switchvt --font-name Terminus --font-size 12 --hwaccel --drm
+
 
 +
You may want to add {{ic|hwaccel}} to {{ic|/etc/kmscon/kmscon.conf}} if you have problems with switching between [[Xorg]] and kmscon. The file and folder are not part of the package and therefore have to be created manually. Another possibility would be [[Systemd#Editing provided units|editing the systemd service file]].
 +
 
 +
=== No audio control ===
 +
 
 +
As version 7, if you cannot control the audio, add your user to '''audio''' [[group]]. Be aware of the [[Alsa#Installation|shortcomings]] of this choice.
 +
 
 +
=== Vim doesn't clear terminal output ===
 +
 
 +
Vim might open without clearing the terminal output, it's still possible to edit the file but the text won't be visible until it's changed. As a workaround, try setting the [[environment variable]] {{ic|1=TERM=vt220}}. Alternatively, another vim-like editor like {{Pkg|vi}} or [[Neovim]] might work.
 +
{{Note|Color support is not available if {{ic|TERM}} is set to {{ic|vt220}}.}}

Latest revision as of 22:34, 7 February 2018

From the project's git repository:

Kmscon is a simple terminal emulator based on linux kernel mode setting. It is an attempt to replace the in-kernel VT implementation with a userspace console.

Features

Kmscon can function as a drop-in replacement for the in-kernel linux-console. Features include:

  • Full vt220 to vt510 implementation.
  • Full internationalization support:
    • Kmscon supports printing full Unicode glyphs, including the CJK ones.
    • Kmscon provides internationalized keyboard handling through libxkbcommon, thus allowing it to use the full range of keyboard layouts supported in X keyboard.
  • Hardware accelerated rendering.
  • Multi-seat capability.
Note: In order to be able to log into a kmscon console as root, you have to disable the pam_securetty module by removing or commenting out the corresponding line in /etc/pam.d/login.

Install

Despite its name, KMS is not a hard requirement for kmscon. Kmscon supports the following video backends: fbdev (Linux fbdev video backend), drm2d (Linux DRM software-rendering backend), drm3d (Linux DRM hardware-rendering backend). Make sure one of them is available on your system.

Install the kmsconAUR package or the kmscon-gitAUR package for a development version from the AUR.

Normally, there is a special systemd configuration for tty1. To be conservative, you can continue to run the traditional agetty on tty1 and only run kmscon on all the other virtual terminals. Or you can run kmscon on both tty1 and the other VTs.

To enable kmscon on tty1, run:

# systemctl disable getty@tty1.service
# systemctl enable kmsconvt@tty1.service

To enable kmscon on all virtual terminals, run:

# ln -s /usr/lib/systemd/system/kmsconvt\@.service /etc/systemd/system/autovt\@.service

This will make systemd start kmscon instead of agetty on each VT. More precisely, this will make systemd-logind use kmsconvt@.service instead of getty@.service for new VTs. Additionally, all other systemd units that use getty@.service will not be affected by this change.

If kmscon cannot start for whatever reason, this unit will cause getty@.service to be started instead. Furthermore, if no VTs are available, this unit will not start anything.

Warning: If you've replaced agetty on all terminals, take care to ensure kmscon presents you with a prompt before rebooting your machine, otherwise you may have to recover through a live CD.

CJK support

Kmscon supports rendering CJK characters through the default font engine pango. However, fontconfig has to be globally configured to map the monospace font alias to proper CJK fonts. For Chinese users, the following template is provided and proved to result in satisfactory Chinese characters rendering:

/etc/fonts/conf.d/99-kmscon.conf
<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE fontconfig SYSTEM "fonts.dtd">
<fontconfig>
<match>
        <test name="family"><string>monospace</string></test>
        <edit name="family" mode="prepend" binding="strong">
                <string>DejaVu Sans Mono</string>
                <string>WenQuanYi Micro Hei Mono</string>
        </edit>
</match>
</fontconfig>

You need to have ttf-dejavu and wqy-microhei, both available from the official repositories, installed.

Troubleshooting

Problems with switching between Xorg and kmscon

You may want to add hwaccel to /etc/kmscon/kmscon.conf if you have problems with switching between Xorg and kmscon. The file and folder are not part of the package and therefore have to be created manually. Another possibility would be editing the systemd service file.

No audio control

As version 7, if you cannot control the audio, add your user to audio group. Be aware of the shortcomings of this choice.

Vim doesn't clear terminal output

Vim might open without clearing the terminal output, it's still possible to edit the file but the text won't be visible until it's changed. As a workaround, try setting the environment variable TERM=vt220. Alternatively, another vim-like editor like vi or Neovim might work.

Note: Color support is not available if TERM is set to vt220.