Larch is a live CD construction kit for Arch Linux created in early 2006 by gradgrind (Michael Towers). Targeted at those who prefer the DIY approach, the aim is to produce an easily customizable custom installation/rescue CD that is more like a desktop environment than the stock Arch installation CD. The latest version is 8. Interesting features are the creation of USB sticks with ext4 with no journaling and a root overlay for maximum customization.
Full documentation is available on the project's website.
You need a computer running x86 or x86-64 version of linux and python. For those running x-windows there is a GUI written in python 2. On archlinux
# pacman -S larch
should work. On other distros, you need to make sure that /usr/bin/python2 is a valid symlink to a working python 2 shell (in Ubuntu you need to do this by hand). Next step is to download the install script. Put this script in its own directory, and then chmod +x it and then run it. It should automatically download the rest of larch.
./larch will now launch the GUI version of larch.
There are four tabs that you can use to customize your larch CD with, meant to be used in order. The first tab is "Project Settings". with "browse for Profile" you can load a saved project from a disk, Generally projects are saved as directories in ~/.config/larch/profiles/.
the "installation path" text box lets you customize the location of where you want a copy of the live CD installed when you are working on it. This in a sense is a full copy of an arch linux installation to be a basis of your liveCD/USB stick. If you need to adapt an install guide from elsewhere on the wiki, chroot into this location.
This tab uses its own version of pacman to install an arch system on your hard disk in the location specified previously, maintain it. "addedpacks" is a textfile list of all packages you want installed. they HAVE to be in the main arch linux repositories, and not in AUR. "vetopacks" is a list of packages that will be prevented from being installed. There is also a button to edit local pacman.conf options and repositories lists. When you have everything set, you may hit the install button, lower right corner
Adding AUR packages
find a maching running archlinux, download the AUR package, and build it. Now bring it to the machine larch is running on, and install it with the button that says "Update / Add packages -U". Done AFTER install.
Once you've installed your going to want to configure, tune, tweak and customize your install. the
edit root overlay will open a root overlay(part of your profile in ~/.config/larch/profiles/) to add config files. You will probably want to adapt things from here Beginners' Guide. Make sure all packages you need are added in the installation tab.
protip: you probably do not want to use a desktop manager, and instead go right to a desktop. Everything you want in /home/$user on your liveCD should go in /etc/skel/ in root the overlay.
NOTE: after every change you need to hit the "Larchify" button for it to be re-rolled into a new squash file. Caution, this may take some time.
Either make an ISO, or directly write to a flash disk. For a USB disk, selected "writable medium", and then a valid partition on a block device. This will format the partition with ext4, with no journal, make an MBR and the partition bootable. <p> From this tab you may also edit the boot menu entries(extlinux4), and any files you want to add to the CD root(not in the squash file, such as your own boot menu image). in the options line using "nw" will prevent any writes to the medium, if possible when running the liveCD. Arbitrary, non-defined options can be passed on to scripts via /proc/cmdline.
- Version 8 ships with a now outdated version of pacman, its fixable, to do so, go download the package via archlinux.org website, unzip the package, and take pacman from usr/bin/ and everything in usr/lib/ in the package root and copy it to $INSTALLDIR/larch0/lib/
- to get the best results, make a "dev-stick", get an otherwise unused usb stick, format it with two paritions, the first that will contain your live OS, the second, an empty FAT partion. Install larch on the boot partition, do a preliminary boot, test everything out, configure settings to your liking, then copy everything in /home/$USER to the fat partion, boot back into your normal OS, and then copy it into the root overlay in /etc/skel. Now your settings are saved, forever and ever.