Lenovo ThinkPad T420

From ArchWiki
Revision as of 23:27, 10 July 2012 by RafaelT (Talk | contribs) (Added a simple toggle for the Touchpad as mentioned)

Jump to: navigation, search

Tango-document-new.pngThis article is a stub.Tango-document-new.png

Notes: please use the first argument of the template to provide more detailed indications. (Discuss in Talk:Lenovo ThinkPad T420#)

This article covers the installation and configuration of Arch Linux on a Lenovo T420 laptop.

Installation

This laptop supports UEFI as well as the traditional BIOS.

There are no issues with installing Arch Linux with the latest Archiso.

The rest of the installation process can be followed with the official install guide.

Hardware

All hardware not listed below works out-of-the-box.

Webcam

The integrated webcam uses the uvcvideo module which should load automatically. If not, add it to the MODULES array in /etc/rc.conf.

Fingerprint reader

Fingerprint reader works great with fprint and PAM (installation of fingerprint-gui recommended).

See Fprint#Setup_fingerprint-gui for more information.

eSATA

The eSATA combo port works perfectly well under Arch Linux.

Untested

  • Firewire

Laptop Settings

ACPI

ACPI is well supported here. No obvious troubleshoots.

Tp_smapi

Unfortunately, tp_smapi is only partially supported on the Thinkpad T420. A number of features work since version 0.41. For example, the hard drive protection mechanism HDAPS now works well. See the linked wiki entry.

Some features like setting the starting threshold for charging the battery do not yet work. To control the battery charging thresholds, install the Perl script tpacpi-batAUR from the AUR.

Insert the acpi_call kernel module by running

modprobe acpi_call

or by adding it to the MODULES array in /etc/rc.conf.

Manually set the thresholds by calling

perl /usr/lib/perl5/vendor_perl/tpacpi-bat -v startChargeThreshold 0 40
perl /usr/lib/perl5/vendor_perl/tpacpi-bat -v stopChargeThreshold 0 80

The example values 40 and 80 given here are in percent of the full battery capacity. Adjust them to your own needs. You may also want to add these lines to /etc/rc.local to set them at startup. While these values should be permanent, they will be reset any time the battery is removed.

Also, if you are dual booting with Windows, you can still control the battery charging thresholds with Lenovo's Power Manager which communicates directly to the battery controller.

CPU Frequency Scaling

CPU frequency scaling is fully supported with all of the available processor models with this laptop.

Fans

The thinkpad_acpi kernel module needs to be configured so user space programs can control the fan speed.

/etc/modprobe.d/modprobe.conf
options thinkpad_acpi fan_control=1

The thinkfan configuration file also needs to know how to set the fan speed. Replace the default sensor settings with the following.

/etc/thinkfan.conf
sensor /sys/devices/virtual/thermal/thermal_zone0/temp

You can add or remove services by editing the DAEMONS array in your /etc/rc.conf file. It will initially look something like this:

DAEMONS=(...@thinkfan...)

Laptop Mode Tools

No significant issues were found using Laptop Mode Tools.

Posible bug with Lenovo_ThinkPad_T420#Shutdown on Battery

PM-Utils

Suspending and hibernating with pm-utils works as intended.

Synaptics

TouchPad and TrackPoint do work out of the box, but the TouchPad is way too sensitive (i.e. fast) to be usable, since it is recognized as a mouse. To fix this, install the xf86-input-synaptics package and add the following two files to your /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/ directory:

50-thinkpad-trackpoint.conf
 Section "InputClass"
        Identifier      "ThinkPad TrackPoint"
        MatchProduct    "TPPS/2 IBM TrackPoint"
        MatchDevicePath "/dev/input/event*"
        Option          "EmulateWheel"          "true"
        Option          "EmulateWheelButton"    "2"
        Option          "XAxisMapping"          "6 7"
        Option          "YAxisMapping"          "4 5"
 EndSection
50-twofingerscroll.conf
 Section "InputClass"
        Identifier      "two finger scrolling"
        Driver          "synaptics"
        MatchProduct    "SynPS/2 Synaptics TouchPad"
        MatchDevicePath "/dev/input/event*"
        Option          "VertTwoFingerScroll"   "on"
        Option          "HorizTwoFingerScroll"  "on"
        Option          "EmulateTwoFingerMinW"  "8"
        Option          "EmulateTwoFingerMinZ"  "40"
        Option          "TapButton1"            "1"
 EndSection

Adjust to your own needs. Read Touchpad Synaptics for more information.

To adjust the speed/sensitivity of the TrackPoint add these lines in your /etc/rc.local script:

/etc/rc.local
TPDEV=/sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio1
echo -n 180 > $TPDEV/speed
echo -n 200 > $TPDEV/sensitivity

Possible range of values are 1-255.

NVIDIA Optimus

Bumblebee works as intended on models with NVIDIA Optimus

Optional kernel boot arguments

Using the following kernel boot parameters [drastically reduces battery drain]:


pcie_aspm=force
i915.i915_enable_rc6=1
i915.i915_enable_fbc=1
i915.lvds_downclock=1 


Troubleshooting

Media Keys

Media keys that work out of the box:

  • Wireless On/Off
  • Backlight Brightness settings
  • Thinklight
  • Mute

Media Keys that Do Not work out of the box:

You must find a workaround and bind the keys yourself for the rest of them.

Rebind Forward and Back keys

Keys forward and back (next to cursor keys) can be easily remapped to PageDown/PageUp.

Install xmodmap with the package xorg-server-utils

Create a ~/.Xmodmap file with content:

keysym XF86Back = Page_Up
keysym XF86Forward = Page_Down

Add this line to your ~/.xinitrc to make it work:

xmodmap ~/.Xmodmap

You can also re-map AudioPrev (Template:Keypress) and AudioNext (Template:Keypress) to Home/End:

keysym XF86AudioNext = End
keysym XF86AudioPrev = Home
Note: You have to log out for the changes to take effect.
Note: The keys should work out of the box, at least on KDE.

Turn touchpad on and off

For some, the (Template:Keypress) key does not switch the touchpad on and off. Here is a simple keybind to add to your ~/.xbindkeysrc for keys to quickly change your touchpad state. For these to take effect, run xbindkeysrc. This binds Template:Keypress to 'toggle the touchpad on and off'. (Tested in i3wm and xfce4, where normal Template:Keypress does not toggle the touchpad)

# Toggle the Touchpad on|off
"synclient TouchpadOff=`synclient -l | grep -ce TouchpadOff.*0`"
   m:0x0 + c:199
   XF86TouchpadToggle

Volume up/down not changing volume

Another quick keybind for ~/.xbindkeysrc to change the volume (which does not work on some DEs). Again, run xbindkeys for these to take effect. Taken from Xbindkeys

#increase volume
"amixer set Master playback 1+"
   m:0x0 + c:123
   XF86AudioRaiseVolume
#decrase volume
"amixer set Master playback 1-"
   m:0x0 + c:122
   XF86AudioLowerVolume

Also, while the mute button works, I rebound it to interface with ALSA.

# Toggle mute
"amixer set Master toggle"
   m:0x0 + c:121
   XF86AudioMute

Shutdown on Battery

Some users have reported that the T420 was rebooting on shutdown on battery power. There have been quite a few attempts to fix this. Three are detailed here.

One way is to disable the module ehci_hcd. See Kernel_modules#Blacklisting for more information.

Or try disable Laptop-mode. Add !laptop-mode to the DAEMONS array in /etc/rc.conf:

DAEMONS=(...!laptop-mode...)

This forum post details another way to have your computer not reboot on shutdown. Turning off the laptop-mode daemon causes battery life to suffer, so when on the move and in need of a simple way to shutdown, this seems to work better.

Hang on Reboot

This is a problem on many laptops and can be fixed by blacklisting the e1000e kernel module.

No Backlight Controls

One user has reported that the brightness controls (fn+home, fn+end) did not work in some desktop environments. This could be fixed by adding the following kernel options:

acpi_backlight=vendor acpi_osi=Linux

See also