Lenovo ThinkPad T61

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System Specifications

Lenovo Thinkpad T61 - Intel Centrino Pro

  • Intel(R) Core(TM)2 Duo CPU T7300 (2.00GHz, 4MB, 800MHz)
  • Mobile Intel 965GM Express Chipset
  • 2GB PC2-5300/677MHz
  • 80-GB 5400 rpm SATA Harddrive
  • 14.1-inch color TFT WXGA+ (1440 x 900, 200 nit)
  • Intel® Graphics Media Accelerator GM965 (128MB)
  • 82801H ICH8 Family HD Audio Controller
  • DVD-ROM, CD-RW/DVD Combo, Multi-Burner Plus
  • Modem; Gigabit Ethernet
  • Intel® Wireless Wi-Fi Link 4965AG
  • 1 Type II PC Card slot
  • 1 ExpressCard 34/54
  • Dual pointing devices (both Pointstick and Touchpad)

Output of lshwd

00:00.0 Class 0600: Intel Corporation|Mobile Memory Controller Hub (unknown)
00:02.0 Class 0300: Intel Corporation|Mobile Integrated Graphics Controller (vesa)
00:02.1 Class 0380: Intel Corporation|Mobile Integrated Graphics Controller (vesa)
00:19.0 Class 0200: Intel Corporation|Mobile Integrated Graphics Controller (unknown)
00:1a.0 Class 0c03: Intel Corporation|USB UHCI Controller #4 (unknown)
00:1a.1 Class 0c03: Intel Corporation|USB UHCI Controller #5 (unknown)
00:1a.7 Class 0c03: Intel Corporation|USB2 EHCI Controller #2 (unknown)
00:1b.0 Class 0403: Intel Corp.|ICH8 HD Audio DID (snd-hda-intel)
00:1c.0 Class 0604: Intel Corporation|PCI Express Port 1 (unknown)
00:1c.1 Class 0604: Intel Corporation|PCI Express Port 2 (unknown)
00:1c.2 Class 0604: Intel Corporation|PCI Express Port 3 (unknown)
00:1c.3 Class 0604: Intel Corporation|PCI Express Port 4 (unknown)
00:1c.4 Class 0604: Intel Corporation|PCI Express Port 5 (unknown)
00:1d.0 Class 0c03: Intel Corporation|USB UHCI Controller #1 (unknown)
00:1d.1 Class 0c03: Intel Corporation|USB UHCI Controller #2 (unknown)
00:1d.2 Class 0c03: Intel Corporation|USB UHCI Controller #3 (unknown)
00:1d.7 Class 0c03: Intel Corporation|USB2 EHCI Controller #1 (unknown)
00:1e.0 Class 0604: Intel Corp.|82801 Hub Interface to PCI Bridge (hw_random)
00:1f.0 Class 0601: Intel Corporation|Mobile LPC Interface Controller (unknown)
00:1f.2 Class 0101: Intel Corporation|Mobile SATA Controller cc=IDE (ata_piix)
00:1f.3 Class 0c05: Intel Corporation|SMBus Controller (i2c-i801)
03:00.0 Class 0280: Intel Corporation|SMBus Controller (unknown)
15:00.0 Class 0607: Ricoh Co Ltd.|RL5c476 II (yenta_socket)
15:00.1 Class 0c00: Ricoh Co Ltd.|RL5c476 II (unknown)
15:00.2 Class 0805: Ricoh Co Ltd.|SD Card reader (unknown)
15:00.3 Class ffff: Ricoh Co Ltd.|SD Card reader (unknown)
15:00.4 Class 0880: Ricoh Co Ltd.|R5C592 Memory Stick Bus Host Adapter (unknown)
15:00.5 Class 0880: Ricoh Co Ltd.|xD-Picture Card Controller (unknown)

What works/What doesn't

Pretty much everything works on this laptop. The modem is untested.

Pre installation notes

Remember to back up the restore partition if you plan to restore it, or leave it.

Follow the official Archlinux install guide

Accessing the recovery partition with GRUB

Edit your /boot/grub/menu.lst file and add the following:

# booting "Rescue and Recovery" partition from Lenovo
title Thinkpad Maintenance
unhide (hd0,0)
rootnoverify (hd0,0)
chainloader +1


Video Driver


The Intel® Graphics Media Accelerator GM965 uses the xf86-video-intel driver.

#pacman -S xf86-video-intel

The relevent kernel drivers include:

  • DRM_I915

For framebuffer graphics one of the kernel drivers:

  • intelfb
  • fb_uvesa
  • fb_vesa

Should work. It is up to you which one you wish to use. Intelfb is known to have a few problems with hardware acceleration and requires grub2 patched with 915resolution to properly set the correct resolution.

The package grub2-915resolution in the AUR has the necessary patch to make intelfb work with laptops that use the 965GM card.

Here is a sample /etc/X11/xorg.conf:

   Section "Module"
       Load        "dbe"   # Double buffer extension
       SubSection  "extmod"
         Option    "omit xfree86-dga"
       Load        "freetype"
       Load        "GLcore"
       Load        "glx"
       Load        "bitmap"
       Load        "dri"
#        Load        "int10"
#        Load        "ddc"
#        Load        "vbe"
#        Load        "xtrap"

   Section "Files"
       ModulePath "/usr/lib/xorg/modules"
       FontPath   "/usr/share/fonts/local/"
       FontPath   "/usr/share/fonts/misc/:unscaled"
       FontPath   "/usr/share/fonts/75dpi/:unscaled"
       FontPath   "/usr/share/fonts/100dpi/:unscaled"
       FontPath   "/usr/share/fonts/misc/"
       FontPath   "/usr/share/fonts/75dpi/"
       FontPath   "/usr/share/fonts/100dpi/"
       FontPath   "/usr/share/fonts/TTF/"
       FontPath   "/usr/share/fonts/Type1/"
       FontPath   "/usr/share/fonts/local/"

   Section "ServerFlags"
       Option      "blank time"    "3"
       Option      "standby time"  "5"
       Option      "suspend time"  "10"
       Option      "off time"      "15"
       Option      "RandR"
       Option      "AutoAddDevices" "False"

   Section "InputDevice"
       Identifier  "Keyboard0"
       Driver      "kbd"
       Option      "CoreKeyboard"
       Option      "XkbRules" "xorg"
       Option      "XkbModel" "thinkpad60"
       Option      "XkbLayout" "us"

   Section "InputDevice"
       Identifier  "UltraNav Trackpoint"
       Driver      "mouse"
       Option      "CorePointer"
       Option      "Device"              "/dev/input/mice"
       Option      "Protocol"            "ImPS/2"
       Option      "Emulate3Buttons"     "off"
       Option      "EmulateWheel"        "on"
       Option      "EmulateWheelTimeOut" "250"
       Option      "EmulateWheelButton"  "2"
       Option      "YAxisMapping"        "4 5"
       Option      "XAxisMapping"        "6 7"
       Option      "ZAxisMapping"        "4 5"

#    Section "InputDevice"
#           Identifier  "Synaptics"
#           Driver      "synaptics"
#           Option      "Device" "/dev/input/mice"
#           Option      "Protocol" "auto-dev"
#           Option      "Emulate3Buttons" "yes"
#           Option      "SHMConfig" "on"
#    EndSection

   Section "Monitor"
       Identifier  "Thinkpad Monitor"
       Option      "DPMS"
#        HorizSync   31.5-50.0
#        VertRefresh 59.9-60.1

   Section "Device"
       Identifier  "Intel GMA X3100"
       Driver      "intel"
       BusID       "PCI:0:2:0"
       Option      "AccelMethod"  "exa"
       Option      "MigrationHeuristic"     "greedy"

   Section "Screen"
       Identifier          "Thinkpad Screen"
       Device              "Intel GMA X3100"
       Monitor             "Thinkpad Monitor"
       DefaultDepth        24
       SubSection "Display"
            Depth 24
            Modes "1280x800" "1024x768"  "832x624" "800x600" "640x480" "720x400" "640x400" "640x350"
            Virtual     2048 2048

   Section "DRI"
       Mode        0666

   Section "Extensions"
       Option      "Composite"     "Enable"
       Option      "RENDER"        "Enable"

   Section "ServerLayout"
       Identifier  "Default Layout"
       Screen "Thinkpad Screen"
       InputDevice "UltraNav Trackpoint" "CorePointer"
#        InputDevice "Synaptics" "CorePointer"
       InputDevice "Keyboard0" "CoreKeyboard"

Please note that this has the touchpad and xorg input hotplugging disabled.


Follow the instructions in NVIDIA.

Note: If you're following the Beginners Guide and you're not seeing the cursor after the NVIDIA logo, you should try the simple baseline X test.


Sound works out of the box. The relevant module for sound is:


Refer to following guides to set it up:




Use whichever you wish.



The wired connection works out of the box and uses the following module:

  • e1000e


Uses either module, varies with different setups:

  • iwl3945
  • iwl4965

Requires firmware be installed to work.

Refer to Wireless Setup for iwl3945, iwl4965 and iwl5000 series




Works out of the box.

Following modules are used:

  • uhci_hcd
  • ehci_hcd
  • usbhid


Works out of the box.

Following modules are used:

  • bluetooth
  • btusb
  • l2cap
  • rfcomm
  • hci_usb
  • ehci-hcd
  • uhci-hcd


Works, if you want to scroll while holding the middle mouse button down you can add the following to an .fdi file:


 <match key="info.product" string="TPPS/2 IBM TrackPoint">
   <merge key="input.x11_options.EmulateWheel" type="string">true</merge>
   <merge key="input.x11_options.EmulateWheelButton" type="string">2</merge>
   <merge key="input.x11_options.YAxisMapping" type="string">4 5</merge>
   <merge key="input.x11_options.Emulate3Buttons" type="string">true</merge>
   <merge key="input.x11_options.EmulateWheelTimeout" type="string">200</merge>

What it does is that it sets emulates wheel on button two, which is middle button and maps in what directions it will emulate the scroll wheel, it will at the same time emulate 3 mouse buttons.

You can read more about the new Xorg input hotplugging here

More info on configuring it can be found at thinkwiki.org.


There is a synaptic touchpad on this laptop. If you follow this howto, you should have no problems getting this to work.

The relevant kernel driver is:

  • mouse_ps2_synaptics


Works, read ThinkFinger for reference and examples.


To get all the special keys working requires the module:


It is necessary to edit the default /etc/acpi/handler.sh included with the acpid package to get these keys working.

# Default acpi script that takes an entry for all actions, modified to include thinkpad special keys.

# NOTE: This is a 2.6-centric script.  If you use 2.4.x, you'll have to
#       modify it to not use /sys

minspeed=`cat /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/cpuinfo_min_freq`
maxspeed=`cat /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/cpuinfo_max_freq`

set $*

case "$1" in
   case "$2" in
           case "$4" in
               00001002) # Lock screen
               #Enter your xlock or xscreensaver command here
               00001003) # switching display off
                   xset dpms force off
               00001004) # Suspend to RAM
               00001005) # Switch Bluetooth
               00001007) # Toggle external display
                   if [ "$(xrandr -q | grep "VGA connected")" ]; then
                       if [ "$(xrandr -q | grep "VGA connected [0-9]")" ]; then
                           xrandr --output VGA --off
                           xrandr --output VGA --auto
                       xrandr --output VGA --off
               #00001008) # Toggle Trackpoint/Touchpad
               #    ;;
               #00001009) # Eject from dock
               #    ;;
               0000100c) # Hibernate
               00001011) #Brightness down
                   CUR="xbacklight -get"
                   CUR="echo $CUR | awk '{print $1-5}'"
                   xbacklight -set $CUR
               00001012) #Brightness up
                   CUR=`xbacklight -get`
                   CUR="echo $CUR | awk '{print $1+5}'"
                   xbacklight -set $CUR
               #00001014) # Toggle zoom
               #    ;;
               00001018) # ThinkVantage button
       #echo "PowerButton pressed!">/dev/tty5
       case "$2" in
              logger "PowerButton pressed: $2"
              /sbin/init 0
           *)      logger "ACPI action undefined: $2" ;;
       case "$2" in
           SLPB)   /usr/sbin/pm-suspend ;;
           *)      logger "ACPI action undefined: $2" ;;
       case "$2" in
               case "$4" in
                       #/etc/laptop-mode/laptop-mode start
                       #/etc/laptop-mode/laptop-mode stop
           *)  logger "ACPI action undefined: $2" ;;
       case "$2" in
               case "$4" in
                   00000000)   #echo "offline" >/dev/tty5
                   #Enter whatever power scripts you have here.
                   00000001)   #echo "online"  >/dev/tty5
                   #Enter whatever power scripts you may have here.
           *)  logger "ACPI action undefined: $2" ;;
       #echo "LID switched!">/dev/tty5
       logger "ACPI group/action undefined: $1 / $2"

Hotswap UltraBay devices

If you want to be able to eject devices from Thinkpad's UltraBay using Fn+F9 create a scipt named for example "tp_ultrabay_eject.sh" with the following content (source can be found at http://www.thinkwiki.org/wiki/How_to_hotswap_Ultrabay_devices):


# Change the following DEVPATH= to match your system, if you want to run this directly instead of having it called by the udev eject script
# To find the right value, insert the UltraBay optical drive and run:
# udevadm info --query=path --name=/dev/sr0 | perl -pe 's!/block/...$!!'
if [ "$DEVPATH" = "" ]

shopt -s nullglob
export DISPLAY=:0.0 # required for notify-send

# Find generic dock interface for UltraBay
dock=$( /bin/grep -l ata_bay /sys/devices/platform/dock.?/type )
if [ -n "$dock" -a -d "$dock" ]; then
        logger ultrabay_eject starting eject of $dock
        logger ultrabay_eject cannot locate bay dock device
        notify-send -u critical -t 100000 "ThinkPad Ultrabay eject failed" "Cannot locate bay dock device"

# Umount the filesystem(s) backed by the given major:minor device(s)
unmount_rdev() { perl - "$@" <<'EOPERL'  # let's do it in Perl
        for $major_minor (@ARGV) {
                $major_minor =~ m/^(\d+):(\d+)$/ or die;
                push(@tgt_rdevs, ($1<<8)|$2);
        # Sort by reverse length of mount point, to unmount sub-directories first
        open MOUNTS,"</proc/mounts" or die "$!";
        @mounts=sort { length($b->[1]) <=> length($a->[1]) } map { [ split ] } <MOUNTS>;
        close MOUNTS;
        foreach $m (@mounts) {
                next unless -b $dev;  $rdev=(stat($dev))[6];
                next unless grep($_==$rdev, @tgt_rdevs);
                system("umount","-v","$dir")==0  or  $bad=1;
                if ($bad == 1) {
                        system("logger","ultrabay_eject","ERROR unmounting",$dev,$dir);
                        system("notify-send -u critical -t 100000 \"Error unmounting $dir\" \"Unmounting of $dir on $dev failed!\"");
                } else {
                        system("notify-send -u normal -t 5000 \"Unmounted $dir\"");
        exit 1 if $bad;

# Get the UltraBay's /dev/foo block device node
ultrabay_dev_node() {
        UDEV_PATH="`readlink -e "$ULTRABAY_SYSDIR/block/"*`" || return 1
        UDEV_NAME="`udevadm info --query=name --path=$UDEV_PATH`" || return 1
        echo /dev/$UDEV_NAME

if [ $( cat $dock/docked ) == 0 ]; then
        logger ultrabay_eject dock reports empty
	if [ -d $ULTRABAY_SYSDIR ]; then
		logger ultrabay_eject dock occupied, shutting down storage device $DEVPATH
		# Unmount filesystems backed by this device
		## This seems to be very inelegant and prone to failure
		unmount_rdev `cat $ULTRABAY_SYSDIR/block/*/dev     \
				  $ULTRABAY_SYSDIR/block/*/*/dev`  \
		|| {
			logger ultrabay_eject umounting failed
			echo 2 > /proc/acpi/ibm/beep  # triple error tone
			notify-send -u critical -t 100000 "ThinkPad Ultrabay eject failed" "Please do not pull the device, doing so could cause file corruption and possibly hang the system. Unmounting of the filesystem on the ThinkPad Ultrabay device failed. Please put the eject leaver back in place, and try to unmount the filesystem manually. If this succeeds you can try the eject again"
			exit 1;
		# Nicely power off the device
		DEVNODE=`ultrabay_dev_node` && hdparm -Y $DEVNODE
		# Let HAL+KDE notice the unmount and let the disk spin down
		sleep 0.5
		# Unregister this SCSI device:
		echo 1 > $ULTRABAY_SYSDIR/delete
		logger ultrabay_eject bay occupied but incorrect device path $DEVPATH
		notify-send -u critical -t 100000 "ThinkPad Ultrabay eject failed" "Bay occupied but incorrect device path"
		echo 2 > /proc/acpi/ibm/beep  # triple error tone
		exit 1

# We need sleep here so someone can disconnect the bay and the drive
sleep 1

# Turn off power to the UltraBay
logger ultrabay_eject undocking $dock
echo 1 > $dock/undock

# Tell the user we're OK
logger ultrabay_eject done
echo 12 > /proc/acpi/ibm/beep
notify-send -u normal -t 10000 "Safe to remove device" "The ThinkPad Ultrabay device can now safely be removed"

As stated at the top of the script, the variable "DEVPATH" (near the top of the script) has to be changed to match your system. Insert the UltraBay optical drive and run:

udevadm info --query=path --name=/dev/sr0 | perl -pe 's!/block/...$!!'

Replace the value of "DEVPATH" with the output of that command.

Now change ownership and permissions of the script:

chown root:root tp_ultrabay_eject.sh
chmod 555 tp_ultrabay_eject.sh

Move it somewhere save and add it to your /etc/acpi/handler.sh (under section "ibm/hotkey)"):

              00001009) # Eject from dock
                  DISPLAY=:0.0 /path/to/tp_ultrabay_eject.sh

"DISPLAY=:0.0" is necessary to tell X where to send notifications to.

Now, pressing Fn+F9 unmounts the relevant filesystems, powers off the UltraBay and notifies you (using notify-send) about whats happening. If a filesystem can't be unmounted you get a warning message.

It is also possible to achieve the above by just releasing the UltraBay eject lever (without pressing Fn+F9 before). Consult http://www.thinkwiki.org/wiki/How_to_hotswap_Ultrabay_devices for detailed instructions on how to get it working.

Multimedia Keys

Now it is necessary to install xmodmap and xbindkeys via pacman for the multimedia keys. Now create a file at ~/.Xmodmap

keycode 234 = XF86Back
keycode 233 = XF86Forward
keycode 144 = XF86AudioPrev
keycode 164 = XF86AudioStop
keycode 162 = XF86AudioPlay
keycode 153 = XF86AudioNext
keycode 160 = XF86AudioMute
keycode 174 = XF86AudioLowerVolume
keycode 176 = XF86AudioRaiseVolume

Note: The keycode numbers may be different than these (they are on my T61.) Also, new versions of the X server may already give your multimedia keys the correct name, and if so you do not need to make a .Xmodmap file. To check this, run "xev" and press your volume keys to see what keycodes and keysyms it gives.

Once you know X gives your keys the right names, you can set up the shortcuts to run the amixer or mpc commands. You can do this in your window manager/desktop environment's key settings, or using xbindkeys by making a ~/.xbindkeysrc like this one:

   "mpc toggle"

   "mpc stop"

   "mpc prev"

   "mpc next"

   "amixer sset PCM 2-"

   "amixer sset PCM 2+"

   "amixer sset PCM toggle"

Make sure you start the xbindkeys daemon! To start the daemon on startup, just add it to your ~/.xinitrc.


To get the hard drive APS working, it is neccessary to have a kernel patched with the tp_smapi patches. Both the packages:

  • kernel26tp
  • kernel26zen-git

Provide the needed module (in addition to many other useful patches.) Install either one, though it is reccomended that you try the kernel26zen-git package. Read Kernel Compilation with ABS, Custom Kernel Compilation with ABS, and Kernel Compilation From Source for more info.

Now all that is required is the hdapsd daemon. This can be had from the AUR package hdapsd.

Card Readers


Works as expected. Uses the module:

  • yenta

Compact Flash

The same goes for the Compact Flash. It's supposed to work as it uses the same interfaces as the PCMCIA does, but I can't confirm anything since I do not have a CF-card.

Secure Digital

The SD-card reader works out of the box with SD cards.

Other Tweaks

HDD clicks

# pacman -S hdparm

Put following line to /etc/rc.local (replace /dev/sda with other device if needed):

hdparm -B 244 /dev/sda

Details: http://www.thinkwiki.org/wiki/Problem_with_hard_drive_clicking

See also