Difference between revisions of "Lenovo ThinkPad X1"

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(add sunmary of acpi events)
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Comes without optical drive.
 
Comes without optical drive.
 
Has UEFI BIOS with BIOS-legacy fallback mode.
 
Has UEFI BIOS with BIOS-legacy fallback mode.
Has Windows 7 Pro pre-installed, with tons of bloatware (bing toolbar, big Lenovo superbar button et all) pre-installed, too.
 
 
== Drive space customization ==
 
 
By default:
 
- SSD: two WinRE partitions and one Windows system partition
 
- HDD: blank
 
 
I've chosen to:
 
- leave WinRE untouched (there are two such partitions)
 
- use SSD for my root partition
 
- use HDD for swap, /home, /var (~30 Gb, pacman cache goes here), /tmp
 
  
 
== Installation method ==
 
== Installation method ==
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Due to the fact that there is no optical drive, you need to [[USB Installation Media|install Arch from USB stick]].
 
Due to the fact that there is no optical drive, you need to [[USB Installation Media|install Arch from USB stick]].
  
The lazy way to install is just default installation, works flawlessly. Installed system will boot in legacy-BIOS mode.
+
=== Legacy-BIOS ===
 +
 
 +
This procedure is far less involved then UEFI and works perfectly.
 +
 
 +
In order to turn off UEFI booting you will need to boot into your BIOS and change the boot mode to Legacy. Afterward, follow the [[Beginners' guide]] for standard installation instructions.
  
 
=== UEFI ===
 
=== UEFI ===
  
{{Note|This procedure reflects a single user's experience, and no attempt was made to experiment with different settings.}}
+
Installation from UEFI bootable USB works with the default bootloader, so rEFInd is unnecessary. In the BIOS under Startup, set "UEFI/Legacy Boot" to UEFI only.
 +
The default partition table (and Windows installation) uses MBR. For UEFI, reformat the disk as GPT.
  
Download the [https://www.archlinux.org/download/ official ISO] or create your own using something like [[Archiso]]. Follow the instructions for [[UEFI#Create UEFI bootable USB from ISO|creating a UEFI bootable USB]] from the ISO. Note that the default bootloader works fine so there's no need to replace it with an alternative like rEFInd. In the BIOS under Startup, set "UEFI/Legacy Boot" to UEFI only and turn off CSM support (this step might not be necessary, try skipping it first if you like).
+
Booting using an [[UEFI Bootloaders#Using efibootmgr entry|efibootmgr entry]] works well. The warnings about incompatibility and embedding arguments to do not apply.
  
Upon saving your changes and restarting, the UEFI boot options from the USB stick should come up and you can proceed to installing Arch.
+
== Hardware ==
  
It appears that the default partition table (and Windows installation) uses MBR. To use UEFI, you should reformat the disk as GPT (wiping the drive in the process). Follow the instructions for [[UEFI#Create an UEFI System Partition in Linux|creating the EFI system partition]]. {{ic|gdisk}} recommends a size of 300M. Follow the [[Beginner's Guide]] to see how to correctly generate (and then fix) the fstab entry for the ESP.
+
Almost everything works out of the box. Install synaptics and video-intel drivers.
  
Booting using an efibootmgr entry is quite simple (and doesn't require any extra packages). Simply follow the instructions for [[UEFI Bootloaders#Setting up EFISTUB|creating the EFISTUB]] and adding the [[UEFI Bootloaders#Using efibootmgr entry|efibootmgr entry]]. The note about Lenovo Thinkpads truncating the UEFI options doesn't apply to the X1: the recommended efibootmgr entry works fine. The note about escaping the backslashes in the initrd path '''does''' apply, verify with {{ic|efibootmgr -v}} that the boot entry doesn't have any missing characters.
+
=== Fingerprint Reader ===
  
== Hardware ==
+
[[fingerprint-gui]] from the [[AUR]] is already patched to work with the X1's newer fingerprint reader.
  
Just everything works out of the box.
+
It has been seen that the relevant udev rules do not get set properly. To do this, open {{ic|/usr/lib/udev/rules.d/40-libbsapi.rules}} with your favorite text editor to add (or create with) the following lines:
I installed only synaptics and video-intel drivers.
+
 
 +
{{hc|/usr/lib/udev/rules.d/40-libbsapi.rules|
 +
ATTRS{idVendor}==”147e”, ATTRS{idProduct}==”2020″,  SYMLINK+=”input/touchchip-%k”, MODE=”0664″, GROUP=”plugdev”
 +
ATTRS{idVendor}==”147e”, ATTRS{idProduct}==”2020″,  ATTR{power/control}==”*”, ATTR{power/control}=”auto”
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
Restart your computer for the udev change to take effect.
 +
 
 +
=== Adjusting Backlight Brightness ===
 +
 
 +
Add {{ic|1=acpi_osi="!Windows 2012"}} to your [[kernel parameters]] (see https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=158775).
  
 
== Power management ==
 
== Power management ==
  
Just consult [https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Laptop Laptop] page to read about [https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/tp_smapi tp_smapi], [https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/pm-utils pm-utils], [https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Uswsusp uswsusp] and [https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Acpid acpid].
+
Just consult [[Laptop]] page to read about [[tp_smapi]], [[pm-utils]], [[uswsusp]] and [[acpid]].
  
 
Tp_smapi does not seem to work at all.
 
Tp_smapi does not seem to work at all.
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Suspend works fine, even with status indicator.
 
Suspend works fine, even with status indicator.
  
== ACPI ==
+
== Extra Keys ==
  
The only special keys that seems to work out of the box are the sleep, wifi, and keyboard backlight keys. All of the others (volume, brightness, etc.) need to be mapped using something like [[acpid]]. Here are the relevant acpi events
+
The sleep, wifi, brightness, and keyboard backlight keys all work out of the box. All of the others (volume, media, etc.) can be bound as described in [[Extra keyboard keys]].
{{bc|ac_adapter ACPI0003:00 00000080 00000000 # adapter unplugged
+
ac_adapter ACPI0003:00 00000080 00000001 # adapter plugged-in
+
battery PNP0C0A:00 00000080 00000001 # battery present
+
button/mute MUTE 00000080 00000000 K
+
button/volumedown VOLDN 00000080 00000000 K
+
button/volumeup VOLUP 00000080 00000000 K
+
video/switchmode VMOD 00000080 00000000 K
+
button/prog1 PROG1 00000080 00000000 K # the thin button above F6
+
video/brightnessdown BRTDN 00000087 00000000
+
video/brightnessup BRTUP 00000086 00000000
+
cd/prev CDPREV 00000080 00000000 K
+
cd/play CDPLAY 00000080 00000000 K
+
cd/next CDNEXT 00000080 00000000 K
+
}}
+
I had no luck getting an acpi event for the microphone mute button.
+
  
== Other notes ==
+
== USB3 Issues ==  
  
I will improve this page after several days using this laptop. Today is mine first day of it.
+
With some external devices the USB3 hubs fails to hotplug and can be unstable and only
 +
reboots make external drives appear.
 +
The only solution I found is a firmware update of the NEC Corporation uPD720200 USB 3.0 Host Controller (rev 04) without official files from Lenovo!
 +
 
 +
The Firmware and it's installer can be found on station-drivers.com:
 +
[http://www.station-drivers.com/index.php/downloads/Drivers/Renesas-Nec/USB-3.0/Renesas-Nec-uPD720200a-USB-3.0-Controller-Firmware-Version-4.0.2.1.0.3/]
 +
 
 +
{{Note|
 +
* The Website is mostly in FRENCH! Télécharger means Download!!
 +
* The Installation can only be done from a 64bit Windows! so no 32bit BartPE Windows XP livecd will work and 64 Windows (tested with 64bit Win 7 Pro) has to be installed on the Laptop once to install the Firmware!
 +
* Since this is not officially propagated from Lenovo proceed with caution!
 +
}}

Latest revision as of 11:16, 27 February 2016

Model description

Lenovo ThinkPad X1, Sandy Bridge (Core i5, 2,5 GHz), NWG2MRT This model has SSD 80/HDD 320 pair. Comes without optical drive. Has UEFI BIOS with BIOS-legacy fallback mode.

Installation method

Note: If you'd like to create Windows recovery flash drive, do it before Arch installation with the help of autorun located at recovery partition, from your installed Windows system.

Due to the fact that there is no optical drive, you need to install Arch from USB stick.

Legacy-BIOS

This procedure is far less involved then UEFI and works perfectly.

In order to turn off UEFI booting you will need to boot into your BIOS and change the boot mode to Legacy. Afterward, follow the Beginners' guide for standard installation instructions.

UEFI

Installation from UEFI bootable USB works with the default bootloader, so rEFInd is unnecessary. In the BIOS under Startup, set "UEFI/Legacy Boot" to UEFI only. The default partition table (and Windows installation) uses MBR. For UEFI, reformat the disk as GPT.

Booting using an efibootmgr entry works well. The warnings about incompatibility and embedding arguments to do not apply.

Hardware

Almost everything works out of the box. Install synaptics and video-intel drivers.

Fingerprint Reader

fingerprint-gui from the AUR is already patched to work with the X1's newer fingerprint reader.

It has been seen that the relevant udev rules do not get set properly. To do this, open /usr/lib/udev/rules.d/40-libbsapi.rules with your favorite text editor to add (or create with) the following lines:

/usr/lib/udev/rules.d/40-libbsapi.rules
ATTRS{idVendor}==”147e”, ATTRS{idProduct}==”2020″,   SYMLINK+=”input/touchchip-%k”, MODE=”0664″, GROUP=”plugdev”
ATTRS{idVendor}==”147e”, ATTRS{idProduct}==”2020″,   ATTR{power/control}==”*”, ATTR{power/control}=”auto”

Restart your computer for the udev change to take effect.

Adjusting Backlight Brightness

Add acpi_osi="!Windows 2012" to your kernel parameters (see https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=158775).

Power management

Just consult Laptop page to read about tp_smapi, pm-utils, uswsusp and acpid.

Tp_smapi does not seem to work at all.

Suspend works fine, even with status indicator.

Extra Keys

The sleep, wifi, brightness, and keyboard backlight keys all work out of the box. All of the others (volume, media, etc.) can be bound as described in Extra keyboard keys.

USB3 Issues

With some external devices the USB3 hubs fails to hotplug and can be unstable and only reboots make external drives appear. The only solution I found is a firmware update of the NEC Corporation uPD720200 USB 3.0 Host Controller (rev 04) without official files from Lenovo!

The Firmware and it's installer can be found on station-drivers.com: [1]

Note:
  • The Website is mostly in FRENCH! Télécharger means Download!!
  • The Installation can only be done from a 64bit Windows! so no 32bit BartPE Windows XP livecd will work and 64 Windows (tested with 64bit Win 7 Pro) has to be installed on the Laptop once to install the Firmware!
  • Since this is not officially propagated from Lenovo proceed with caution!