Difference between revisions of "Lenovo ThinkPad X230"

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(tips on pcie_aspm)
m (Nessuno moved page ThinkPad X230 to Lenovo ThinkPad X230: All the others Lenovo's laptop pages have a title like this)
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* cronie
 
* cronie
 
* atd
 
* atd
Boot time was as roughly ~4-5 seconds.
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Boot time was as roughly ~3 seconds.
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==== Kernel ====
 
==== Kernel ====
 
{{Note|You may want to run 'linux-ck' instead of the default kernel to conserve power and to fix iwlwifi issue with system sleep and wakeup. See power saving section below}}
 
{{Note|You may want to run 'linux-ck' instead of the default kernel to conserve power and to fix iwlwifi issue with system sleep and wakeup. See power saving section below}}
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Then, to update grub2 with the new kernels you have to run {{ic|grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg}}.
 
Then, to update grub2 with the new kernels you have to run {{ic|grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg}}.
  
{{Note|The author has incorrectly assumed that using {{ic|i915_enable_rc6=1}} will save power. This is not the case as it will actually disable the rc6p sleep state, and keep only the rc6 state enabledIf the deepest of sleep states is desired (there are three: rc6, rc6p, and rc6pp) then one should use a value of {{ic|i915_enable_rc6=7}}. This information is clearly spelled out in the {{ic|modinfo i915}} command shown above.}}
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{{Note|Using '''i915_enable_rc6=1''' will enable basic power saving with first stage of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advanced_Configuration_and_Power_Interface#Processor_states C-state 6] [http://software.intel.com/en-us/blogs/2013/06/03/intel-xeon-phi-coprocessor-power-management-part-2a-core-c-states-the-details (sleeping state)]The stages vary by level of deepness in the sleep, that can be attained by setting the value of '''i915_enable_rc6''' between 1 to 7 in ascending order as can be seen in its documentation with '''modinfo i915''' command shown above.}}
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{{Warning|Keep in mind that c-state power saving always comes at performance sacrifice and setting a higher value can cause a jittery display or some unexplained and unexpected misbehavior with i915 so you may want to experiment with different values to find out what suites your needs.}}
  
 
==== TrackPoint ====
 
==== TrackPoint ====
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==== Power Saving ====
 
==== Power Saving ====
{{Tip|<nowiki>The parameter pcie_aspm may not needed in the more recent 3.9+ kernels</nowiki>}}
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{{Tip|<nowiki>The parameter pcie_aspm may not be needed in the more recent 3.9+ kernels</nowiki>}}
 
{{Tip|Don't enable pcie_aspm if '''dmesg <nowiki>| grep -i "doesn't support pcie aspm"</nowiki>''' is true because even if you do, kernel will still keep it disabled}}
 
{{Tip|Don't enable pcie_aspm if '''dmesg <nowiki>| grep -i "doesn't support pcie aspm"</nowiki>''' is true because even if you do, kernel will still keep it disabled}}
 
One option is to use [[Powerdown]] to save power. On this setup, it gave 14+ hours on a 9 cell battery and 6+ hours on plugable 6 cell external battery, with normal usage of cmus, firefox and thunderbird.
 
One option is to use [[Powerdown]] to save power. On this setup, it gave 14+ hours on a 9 cell battery and 6+ hours on plugable 6 cell external battery, with normal usage of cmus, firefox and thunderbird.
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=== External links ===
 
=== External links ===
* [http://pastebin.com/SMv1R3Bc Review based on first hand experience by original tester]
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* [http://pastebin.com/eVKGHedw Review based on first hand experience by original tester]

Revision as of 07:41, 10 June 2013

Template:Article summary start Template:Article summary text Template:Article summary end


Lenovo ThinkPad X230 comes off with a wide range of available configurations. Since Lenovo's acquisition of ThinkPad brand from IBM, it has received lots of negative critics for not maintaining the original quality and compromising the brand itself. Regardless, ThinkPad still is one of the first preferences for many geeks, students (mainly due to student discounts) and Linux users. It is the standard option available in Lenovo's X Series under 12-13 inches display category.

Hardware

Below is the short list for this setup. After-market RAMs and SSD were bought because Lenovo is apparently charging a lot for these.

Tested Configuration

Note: Below were the tested configurations at the time. If you are interested in more details, see full review by original tester in external links.
Feature Configuration
System X230 2306CTO
CPU Intel(R) Core(TM) i5-3210M CPU @ 2.50GHz
Graphics Intel HD 4000 - Ivy Bridge
Ram 3.5GB (Kingston)
Disk Crucial M4 120GB SSD
Display 12.5" IPS
Wireless 2x2 Centrino Wireless-N 2200
Built-in Battery 9 Cell
Additional Plugable Battery 6 Cell 19+
Backlit Keyboard No
ThinkLight Yes
Fingerprint Scanner Yes
Bluetooth Yes
Cam Yes

Compatibility

Tip: A closed-source pre-compiled biometric device driver emerged at volker.de, reported by Warnaud, successfully tested and found to be functioning by Bassu.

Everything works fine out-of-box except the biometric / fingerprint scanner cause of missing driver. X230 comes with a newer model of chip from Upek. Its manufacturer Authentec was contacted and we found that they only support Windows operating system. So for now, the Upek model with PCIE ID 147e:2020 or newer will remain unsupported in Linux until someone writes an open source driver.

System Configuration

Systemd

Configured as usual with readahead and the below services.

  • NetworkManager
  • cups
  • slim
  • sshd
  • syslog-ng
  • vnstat
  • cronie
  • atd

Boot time was as roughly ~3 seconds.

Kernel

Note: You may want to run 'linux-ck' instead of the default kernel to conserve power and to fix iwlwifi issue with system sleep and wakeup. See power saving section below

If you really want to cut power then neither the stock kernel nor the Arch supplied kernel is optimized to run on any laptop efficiently. Try the patched kernels like linux-ck or linux-pf instead.

/etc/mkinitcpio.conf
MODULES="i915"
BINARIES="badblocks"
FILES="/etc/modprobe.d/modprobe.conf"
HOOKS="base udev autodetect block filesystems keyboard fsck"
/etc/modprobe.d/modprobe.conf
options i915 i915_enable_rc6=1 i915_enable_fbc=1 lvds_downclock=1
options iwlwifi 11n_disable=1

The badblocks binary helps fix logical bad blocks if detected by fsck during system startup. First line in modprobe.conf file enables different Intel HD power saving options. To see what each of the parameters does, issue a command modinfo i915. The second line disables the wifi N mode as Intel wireless driver suffers connection loss due to possible bugs. You can comment on this line if you want to transfer data at wireless N speeds.

After saving the above files, make sure to regenerate your init ram image by command mkinitcpio -p linux && mkinitcpio -p linux-ck.

Then, to update grub2 with the new kernels you have to run grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg.

Note: Using i915_enable_rc6=1 will enable basic power saving with first stage of C-state 6 (sleeping state). The stages vary by level of deepness in the sleep, that can be attained by setting the value of i915_enable_rc6 between 1 to 7 in ascending order as can be seen in its documentation with modinfo i915 command shown above.
Warning: Keep in mind that c-state power saving always comes at performance sacrifice and setting a higher value can cause a jittery display or some unexplained and unexpected misbehavior with i915 so you may want to experiment with different values to find out what suites your needs.

TrackPoint

Pretty much self-explanatory.

/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-thinkpad.conf
Section "InputClass"
    Identifier	"Trackpoint Wheel Emulation"
    MatchProduct	    "TPPS/2 IBM TrackPoint|DualPoint Stick|Synaptics Inc. Composite TouchPad / TrackPoint|ThinkPad USB Keyboard with TrackPoint|USB Trackpoint pointing device"
    MatchDevicePath	    "/dev/input/event*"
    Option		    "EmulateWheel"        "true"
    Option		    "EmulateWheelButton"  "2"
    Option		    "Emulate3Buttons"	  "false"
    Option		    "XAxisMapping"	  "6 7"
    Option		    "YAxisMapping"        "4 5"
EndSection

Touchpad

The original configuration renders the touchpad quite useless, as it behaves very jumpy. [Ubuntu Bugtracker] offers a solution for this issue. Add the following

/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/50-synaptics.conf
Section "InputClass"
        Identifier "touchpad"
        MatchProduct "SynPS/2 Synaptics TouchPad"
        Driver "synaptics"
        # fix touchpad resolution
        Option "VertResolution" "100"
        Option "HorizResolution" "65"
        # disable synaptics driver pointer acceleration
        Option "MinSpeed" "1"
        Option "MaxSpeed" "1"
        # tweak the X-server pointer acceleration
        Option "AccelerationProfile" "2"
        Option "AdaptiveDeceleration" "16"
        Option "ConstantDeceleration" "16"
        Option "VelocityScale" "32"
EndSection

Setting e.g. the motion-acceleration value in dconf to 2.8 works nicely.


Backlight Control Keys

Note: On most X230 models, backlight works by default without any issues. Use below only in case of any problems.

Due to an issue with the firmware of several ThinkPads the backlight control keys (fn + F7/F8 on the X230) don't work correctly. Setting the brightness via e.g. the GNOME power control panel or altering the brightness value in sysfs is possible.

The issue can be temporarily and partially fixed in adding the acpi_osi="!Windows 2012" kernel parameter in

/etc/default/grub
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet acpi_osi=\"!Windows 2012\""

sudo grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg

The fix is partially in that only 8 steps are accessible via the keys.

For more information see https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=51231 .

Power Saving

Tip: The parameter pcie_aspm may not be needed in the more recent 3.9+ kernels
Tip: Don't enable pcie_aspm if dmesg | grep -i "doesn't support pcie aspm" is true because even if you do, kernel will still keep it disabled

One option is to use Powerdown to save power. On this setup, it gave 14+ hours on a 9 cell battery and 6+ hours on plugable 6 cell external battery, with normal usage of cmus, firefox and thunderbird. Power saving kernel parameters in addition to graphics card power saving, are as under.

grep GRUB_CMDLINE /etc/default/grub
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet ipv6.disable=1 elevator=bfq"
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="init=/usr/lib/systemd/systemd pcie_aspm=force acpi_backlight=vendor"

The parameter elevator=bfq enables the Brain Fuck Scheduler written by Con Kolivas, part of Linux-ck and Linux-pf kernel forks. pcie_aspm=force forcefully enables the PCIE Active State Power Management and apci_backlight=vendor loads the vendor specific Backlight#ACPI driver (i.e. thinkpad_acpi) so the brightness keys (Fn + F8 and Fn + F9) work correctly. After editing the grub file, make sure to regenerate your grub configuration by command grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg.

Note that the apci_backlight=vendor kernel option also works with the standard Arch kernel (currently 3.7.10-1) and has the additional bonus that (Fn + spacebar) controls the keyboard lighting.

Suspension

Warning: If you suspend your system quite often, it is inevitable that you will stumble upon a wireless driver iwlwifi bug with errors 'fifo queues full' in dmesg. It is caused by weird PCIEM power control behaviors and is inhibited in all default kernels (as of writing 3.7.1-3). The only fix is to either enable PREEMPT & BFS with custom compiled kernel or use an optimized kernel like Linux-ck as reported by forum user Bassu. Default kernels are not suitable for power-conservation anyway. Check https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=1209357 for details.

Sleep/suspension and unsuspension can be easily managed by systemd without setting it up in Desktop Environment applet or pm-utils. But there are some modules that must be loaded off and on every time the system is put to sleep or is awaken. There's also a need to kill wpa_supplicant by adding systemctl restart wpa_supplicant.service in below sleep.sh file. And it is quite fast with systemd anyway.

/usr/lib/systemd/system-sleep/sleep.sh
#!/bin/bash
if [ "$1" = "pre" ]; then
	killall -9 wpa_supplicant #nm-applet bug's workaround
fi

if [ "$1" = "post" ]; then
        /sbin/modprobe -rvf iwldvm
        /sbin/modprobe -rvf iwlwifi
	/sbin/modprobe -v iwldvm
	/sbin/modprobe -v iwlwifi

fi

Put vboxdrv in it too, if you use VirtualBox. There is also an issue with system shutdown with power saving tools that cannot distinguish sys devices. You will need to add to the systemd shutdown trigger on this machine or else you'll get a system reboot when you shutdown the machine. Put this in /etc/rc.local.shutdown and update and enable its service, if not already.

/etc/rc.local.shutdown
#!/bin/bash
# /etc/rc.local.shutdown: Local shutdown script.
# A script to act as a workaround for the bug in the runtime power management module, which causes thinkpad laptops to restart after shutting down. 
# Bus list for the runtime power management module.
buslist="pci i2c"
for bus in $buslist; do                                                             
  for i in /sys/bus/$bus/devices/*/power/control; do                              
    echo on > $i
  done
done
/usr/lib/systemd/system/rc-local-shutdown.service
[Unit]
Description=/etc/rc.local.shutdown Compatibility
ConditionFileIsExecutable=/etc/rc.local.shutdown
DefaultDependencies=no
After=rc-local.service basic.target
Before=shutdown.target

[Service]
Type=oneshot
ExecStart=/etc/rc.local.shutdown
StandardInput=tty
RemainAfterExit=yes

External links