Lenovo ThinkPad T61
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Installation
- 3 Post Installation
- 4 Install GUI
- 5 Audio
- 6 Network
- 7 ACPI
- 8 Card Readers
- 9 Other Tweaks
- 10 External Links
My plan when I finish is to have my laptop (Lenova Thinkpad T61) dual booted with Windows XP Pro (work image). I repartitioned my hard drive with Gparted Live CD. It only took a minute or so. I will be doing the install with arch-core-install-2008.04-rc-i686.iso. There is an installation guide (wiki) that may help. I will do my best to give as much detail as possible.
NOTE: Per Lenovo's website, this laptop is Novell SLED 10 certified. So getting linux on this laptop should not be too hard.
Lenovo Thinkpad T61 - Intel Centrino Pro
- Intel(R) Core(TM)2 Duo CPU T7300 (2.00GHz, 4MB, 800MHz)
- Mobile Intel 965GM Express Chipset
- 2GB PC2-5300/677MHz
- 80-GB 5400 rpm SATA Harddrive
- 14.1-inch color TFT WXGA+ (1440 x 900, 200 nit)
- Intel® Graphics Media Accelerator GM965 (128MB)
- 82801H ICH8 Family HD Audio Controller
- DVD-ROM, CD-RW/DVD Combo, Multi-Burner Plus
- Modem; Gigabit Ethernet
- Intel® Wireless Wi-Fi Link 4965AG
- 1 Type II PC Card slot
- 1 ExpressCard 34/54
- Dual pointing devices (both Pointstick and Touchpad)
Output of lshwd
00:00.0 Class 0600: Intel Corporation|Mobile Memory Controller Hub (unknown) 00:02.0 Class 0300: Intel Corporation|Mobile Integrated Graphics Controller (vesa) 00:02.1 Class 0380: Intel Corporation|Mobile Integrated Graphics Controller (vesa) 00:19.0 Class 0200: Intel Corporation|Mobile Integrated Graphics Controller (unknown) 00:1a.0 Class 0c03: Intel Corporation|USB UHCI Controller #4 (unknown) 00:1a.1 Class 0c03: Intel Corporation|USB UHCI Controller #5 (unknown) 00:1a.7 Class 0c03: Intel Corporation|USB2 EHCI Controller #2 (unknown) 00:1b.0 Class 0403: Intel Corp.|ICH8 HD Audio DID (snd-hda-intel) 00:1c.0 Class 0604: Intel Corporation|PCI Express Port 1 (unknown) 00:1c.1 Class 0604: Intel Corporation|PCI Express Port 2 (unknown) 00:1c.2 Class 0604: Intel Corporation|PCI Express Port 3 (unknown) 00:1c.3 Class 0604: Intel Corporation|PCI Express Port 4 (unknown) 00:1c.4 Class 0604: Intel Corporation|PCI Express Port 5 (unknown) 00:1d.0 Class 0c03: Intel Corporation|USB UHCI Controller #1 (unknown) 00:1d.1 Class 0c03: Intel Corporation|USB UHCI Controller #2 (unknown) 00:1d.2 Class 0c03: Intel Corporation|USB UHCI Controller #3 (unknown) 00:1d.7 Class 0c03: Intel Corporation|USB2 EHCI Controller #1 (unknown) 00:1e.0 Class 0604: Intel Corp.|82801 Hub Interface to PCI Bridge (hw_random) 00:1f.0 Class 0601: Intel Corporation|Mobile LPC Interface Controller (unknown) 00:1f.2 Class 0101: Intel Corporation|Mobile SATA Controller cc=IDE (ata_piix) 00:1f.3 Class 0c05: Intel Corporation|SMBus Controller (i2c-i801) 03:00.0 Class 0280: Intel Corporation|SMBus Controller (unknown) 15:00.0 Class 0607: Ricoh Co Ltd.|RL5c476 II (yenta_socket) 15:00.1 Class 0c00: Ricoh Co Ltd.|RL5c476 II (unknown) 15:00.2 Class 0805: Ricoh Co Ltd.|SD Card reader (unknown) 15:00.3 Class ffff: Ricoh Co Ltd.|SD Card reader (unknown) 15:00.4 Class 0880: Ricoh Co Ltd.|R5C592 Memory Stick Bus Host Adapter (unknown) 15:00.5 Class 0880: Ricoh Co Ltd.|xD-Picture Card Controller (unknown)
What works/What doesn't
Pretty much everything works on this laptop. I have not tried the modem (no POTS line) or tried to suspend/hibernate the laptop yet.
Boot from the CD and do the base installation from the CD. My partitions are setup as follows:
SDA1 30gb Win XP SDA3 2gb swap (needed for hibernate mode...I think) SDA5 10gb / SDA6 35gb /home
With Windows XP as an option, the grub boot loader should look something like this:
# Windows XP title Microsoft Windows XP Professional rootnoverify (hd0,0) makeactive chainloader +1 # (0) Arch Linux title Arch Linux root (hd0,4) kernel /boot/vmlinuz26 root=/dev/sda5 ro initrd /boot/kernel26.img # (1) Arch Linux title Arch Linux Fallback root (hd0,4) kernel /boot/vmlinuz26 root=/dev/sda5 ro initrd /boot/kernel26-fallback.img
First, create your user account:
#useradd -m <user>
Add yourself to some needed group:
#gpasswd -a <user> audio; gpasswd -a <user> optical; gpasswd -a <user> storage; gpasswd -a <user> users
Next is to upgrade:
Now, lets get the gui going.
First things first. Lets install the driver. Per the lshwd command I displayed earlier, it should be the intel driver. Let's search for it:
#pacman -Ss intel extra/xf86-video-intel 2.3.2-1 (xorg-video-drivers) X.org Intel i810/i830/i915 video drivers
Now let's install it:
#pacman -S xf86-video-intel
I am a gnome person. To get it installed, I followed the Xorg and Gnome wikis. They provide enough information to get it setup. I will post my xorg.conf file in the next section. Note: Make sure you update the daemons in /etc/rc.conf.
There is a synaptic touchpad on this laptop. If you follow this howto, you should have no problems getting this to work. It works great for me. Note: Make sure you update the modules in /etc/rc.conf.
This laptop supports Compiz Fusion. So I followed the wiki, and it worked great.
Here is the output of my /etc/X11/xorg.conf:
Section "ServerLayout" Identifier "Xorg Configured" Screen 0 "Screen0" 0 0 InputDevice "Keyboard0" "CoreKeyboard" InputDevice "Touchpad" "SendCoreEvents" Option "AIGLX" "true" EndSection Section "ServerFlags" Option "AllowMouseOpenFail" "true" EndSection Section "Files" RgbPath "/usr/share/X11/rgb" ModulePath "/usr/lib/xorg/modules" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/misc:unscaled" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/misc" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/75dpi:unscaled" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/75dpi" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/100dpi:unscaled" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/100dpi" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/PEX" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/cyrillic" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/Type1" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/ttf/western" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/ttf/decoratives" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/truetype" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/truetype/openoffice" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/truetype/ttf-bitstream-vera" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/latex-ttf-fonts" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/defoma/CID" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/defoma/TrueType" EndSection Section "Module" Load "ddc" # ddc probing of monitor Load "dbe" Load "dri" Load "extmod" Load "glx" Load "bitmap" # bitmap-fonts # Load "type1" Load "freetype" Load "record" Load "synaptics" EndSection Section "InputDevice" Identifier "Keyboard0" Driver "keyboard" Option "CoreKeyboard" Option "XkbRules" "xorg" Option "XkbModel" "pc105" Option "XkbLayout" "" Option "XkbVariant" "" EndSection Section "InputDevice" Identifier "USB Mouse" Driver "mouse" Option "Device" "/dev/input/mice" Option "SendCoreEvents" "true" Option "Protocol" "IMPS/2" Option "ZAxisMapping" "4 5" Option "Buttons" "5" EndSection Section "InputDevice" Identifier "Touchpad" Driver "synaptics" Option "Device" "/dev/input/mouse1" Option "Protocol" "auto-dev" Option "LeftEdge" "1700" Option "RightEdge" "5300" Option "TopEdge" "1700" Option "BottomEdge" "4200" Option "FingerLow" "25" Option "FingerHigh" "30" Option "MaxTapTime" "180" Option "MaxTapMove" "220" Option "VertScrollDelta" "100" Option "MinSpeed" "0.06" Option "MaxSpeed" "0.12" Option "AccelFactor" "0.0010" Option "SHMConfig" "true" EndSection Section "Monitor" Identifier "Monitor0" Option "DPMS" "true" HorizSync 28.0 - 96.0 # Warning: This may fry old Monitors VertRefresh 50.0 - 75.0 # Very conservative. May flicker. # 1400x1050 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 65.22 kHz; pclk: 122.61 MHz # ModeLine "1400x1050" 122.61 1400 1488 1640 1880 1050 1051 1054 1087 -HSync +Vsync EndSection Section "Device" Identifier "Card0" Driver "intel" VendorName "Intel Corp." BoardName "Unknown Board" Option "XAANoOffscreenPixmaps" "true" Option "DRI" "true" EndSection Section "Screen" Identifier "Screen0" Device "Card0" Monitor "Monitor0" DefaultColorDepth 24 SubSection "Display" Depth 24 # Modes "1440x900" EndSubSection EndSection Section "DRI" Mode 0666 EndSection Section "Extensions" Option "Composite" "Enable" EndSection
Now for the sound. I went straight to Pulseaudio and followed the wiki. Everything that I have tested has worked fine.
t works out of the box, but alsa needs to be installed for saving sound setting and all the other good stuff alsa does. Thankfully there is a howto here.
The wired connection worked out of the box. The Neworkmanager, that we will setup in the next section, will manage this as well as the wireless.
Now lets get wireless going. There is a wireless setup howto and there is a Networkmanager howto. I will go into detail about this because wireless is one of the most difficult things to get running. Well, maybe not anymore. This should be pretty easy to get going.
Install wireless drivers and network tools
#pacman -Sy iwlwifi-4965-ucode wireless_tools gnome-network-manager
Add yourself to the network group
#gpasswd -a <user> network
See what device the wireless card it on:
#iwconfig lo no wireless extensions.
wmaster0 no wireless extensions. wlan0 IEEE 802.11g ESSID:"" Mode:Managed Frequency:2.442 GHz Access Point: 00:90:4C:7E:00:10 Bit Rate:54 Mb/s Tx-Power=20 dBm Sensitivity=8/0 Retry limit:7 RTS thr:off Fragment thr:off Power Management:off Link Quality=98/100 Signal level=-27 dBm Noise level=-92 dBm Rx invalid nwid:0 Rx invalid crypt:0 Rx invalid frag:0 Tx excessive retries:0 Invalid misc:0 Missed beacon:0 eth0 no wireless extensions.
While still in the /etc/rc.conf file still open, edit the network part of the file:
lo="lo 127.0.0.1" eth0="dhcp" wlan0="dhcp" INTERFACES=(lo !eth0 !wlan0)
With /etc/rc.conf still open, edit it to stop the network daemon from starting and have networkmanager and dhcdpd daemons start at boot:
DAEMONS=(... !network ... networkmanager dhcdbd)
Now reboot or stop/start the daemons:
# /etc/rc.d/network stop;/etc/rc.d/networkmanager start;/etc/rc.d/dhcdbd start
That should do it. Note, this is a generic way to set it up. My wireless router is broadcasting its SSID and has no encryption on it. I want to get WPA working though. That will be a task for later.
Have not tried.
When I login to gnome, I keep getting a acpi did not load error. I installed:
pacman -Sy acpid gnome-power-manager
And I added the daemons in the /etc/rc.conf file
And rebooted. Now I have the battery monitor to the gnome panel and life is good.
As far as I've understood from other reports, the pcmcia card works as expected. I don't have one at this time, so I can't confirm it.
The same goes for the Compact Flash. It's supposed to work as it uses the same interfaces as the PCMCIA does, but I can't confirm anything since I don't have a CF-card.
The SD-card reader on the other hand is a pain! It uses proprietary drivers from ricoh under windows and there are no drivers under linux. I would really want this working but I think the only chance would be to reverse engineer the reader and I guess not enough coders have this device. Subsequently, there are no drivers now and there won't be in the foreseeable future...
I like to use sudo to manage my system. So as root, I do a:
# pacman -Sy sudo
Then I do a give myself rights:
# visudo -f /etc/sudoers
Add myself under root.
I disabled the IPV6 module because I do not need it. Here is the howto to get this.
To connect to other shares and doing updates I use SSHfs. Here is a howto for that.
To get you clock synced up check out Network Time Protocol.
affinity firefox thunderbird flashplugin flashplayer-standalone jre # Java mplayer vlc Glipper tomboy openoffice-spell-en pidgin ttf-ms-fonts ntp tracker affinity f-spot xorg-fonts-cyrillic ttf-bitstream-vera
rc.local rc.conf pacman.conf modprobe.conf inittab xorg.conf sudoers
- This report is listed at the TuxMobil: Linux Laptop and Notebook Installation Guides Survey: Fujitsu-Siemens - FSC.