Difference between revisions of "LibreOffice (简体中文)"

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[[Category:简体中文]]
 
 
[[Category:Office (简体中文)]]
 
[[Category:Office (简体中文)]]
 
[[en:LibreOffice]]
 
[[en:LibreOffice]]
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:''LibreOffice 是一套自由的办公软件,它可以在Windows、Linux、Macintosh平台上运行,本套软件共有六个应用程序供您使用,包括:Writer、Calc、Impress、Draw、Math、Base。''
 
:''LibreOffice 是一套自由的办公软件,它可以在Windows、Linux、Macintosh平台上运行,本套软件共有六个应用程序供您使用,包括:Writer、Calc、Impress、Draw、Math、Base。''
 
+
{{Note|Arch 已经停止对OpenOffice的官方支持,请使用 LibreOffice。详细情况参阅[https://mailman.archlinux.org/pipermail/arch-general/2011-March/018819.html 停止支持 Oracle OpenOffice]}}
==Arch Linux上的LibreOffice==
+
由于LibreOffice的缘故,[[OpenOffice.org]] 的官方支持已经停止。详细 [https://mailman.archlinux.org/pipermail/arch-general/2011-March/018819.html Dropping Oracle OpenOffice (arch-general)].
+
  
 
LibreOffice is the "Document Foundation fork" in the extra repository, which includes enhancements and features.
 
LibreOffice is the "Document Foundation fork" in the extra repository, which includes enhancements and features.
  
 
==安装==
 
==安装==
请确认字体 {{Pkg|ttf-dejavu}} 和 {{Pkg|artwiz-fonts}} 已经被安装,否则你将只能看到方块。
 
# pacman -S ttf-dejavu artwiz-fonts
 
  
安装以下包,根据提示进行选择即可:
+
从版本3.4.2rc1起, LibreOffice软件包已经被拆分。从[[official repositories|官方软件仓库]][[pacman|安装]]软件包组{{Grp|libreoffice}}。pacman 会显示软件包选择菜单进行安装。
# pacman -S libreoffice
+
  
从版本3.4.2rc1起, LibreOffice软件包已经被拆分。安装过程中会让用户选择安装组件。由于没有任何语言包被默认包括进安装,所以用户至少需要安装一个语言包。默认地,系统会选择安装Afrikaans(南非荷兰语)语言包,因为按照字母顺序排第一,具体请看提示输入数字选择要安装的语言包(简体中文 = 106):
+
由于没有任何语言包被默认包括进安装,所以用户至少需要安装一个语言包。请安装提示输入数字选择要安装的语言包。
  
{{bc|<nowiki>
+
请确认字体 {{Pkg|ttf-dejavu}} 和 {{Pkg|artwiz-fonts}} 已经被安装,否则你将只能看到方块。
[user@home ~]# pacman -S libreoffice
+
# pacman -S ttf-dejavu artwiz-fonts
:: There are 12 members in group libreoffice:
+
:: Repository extra
+
  1) libreoffice-base  2) libreoffice-calc  3) libreoffice-common
+
  4) libreoffice-draw  5) libreoffice-gnome  6) libreoffice-impress
+
  7) libreoffice-kde4  8) libreoffice-math
+
  9) libreoffice-postgresql-connector  10) libreoffice-sdk
+
  11) libreoffice-sdk-doc  12) libreoffice-writer
+
  
Enter a selection (default=all):
+
{{注意|两种方法均可。如果你很在意qt或者gtk的整合,你需要安装软件包 {{Pkg|libreoffice-kde4}} 或 {{Pkg|libreoffice-gnome}}, 具体请看下面主题部分。
resolving dependencies...
+
:: There are 108 providers available for libreoffice-langpack:
+
:: Repository extra
+
  1) libreoffice-af  2) libreoffice-am  3) libreoffice-ar  4) libreoffice-as
+
  5) libreoffice-ast  6) libreoffice-be  7) libreoffice-bg  8) libreoffice-bn
+
  9) libreoffice-bn-IN  10) libreoffice-bo  11) libreoffice-br
+
  12) libreoffice-brx  13) libreoffice-bs  14) libreoffice-ca
+
  15) libreoffice-ca-XV  16) libreoffice-cs  17) libreoffice-cy
+
  18) libreoffice-da  19) libreoffice-de  20) libreoffice-dgo
+
  21) libreoffice-dz  22) libreoffice-el  23) libreoffice-en-GB
+
  24) libreoffice-en-US  25) libreoffice-en-ZA  26) libreoffice-eo
+
  27) libreoffice-es  28) libreoffice-et  29) libreoffice-eu
+
  30) libreoffice-fa  31) libreoffice-fi  32) libreoffice-fr
+
  33) libreoffice-ga  34) libreoffice-gd  35) libreoffice-gl
+
  36) libreoffice-gu  37) libreoffice-he  38) libreoffice-hi
+
  39) libreoffice-hr  40) libreoffice-hu  41) libreoffice-id
+
  42) libreoffice-is  43) libreoffice-it  44) libreoffice-ja
+
  45) libreoffice-ka  46) libreoffice-kk  47) libreoffice-km
+
  48) libreoffice-kn  49) libreoffice-ko  50) libreoffice-kok
+
  51) libreoffice-ks  52) libreoffice-ku  53) libreoffice-lb
+
  54) libreoffice-lo  55) libreoffice-lt  56) libreoffice-lv
+
  57) libreoffice-mai  58) libreoffice-mk  59) libreoffice-ml
+
  60) libreoffice-mn  61) libreoffice-mni  62) libreoffice-mr
+
  63) libreoffice-my  64) libreoffice-nb  65) libreoffice-ne
+
  66) libreoffice-nl  67) libreoffice-nn  68) libreoffice-nso
+
  69) libreoffice-oc  70) libreoffice-om  71) libreoffice-or
+
  72) libreoffice-pa-IN  73) libreoffice-pl  74) libreoffice-pt
+
  75) libreoffice-pt-BR  76) libreoffice-ro  77) libreoffice-ru
+
  78) libreoffice-rw  79) libreoffice-sa-IN  80) libreoffice-sat
+
  81) libreoffice-sd  82) libreoffice-sh  83) libreoffice-si
+
  84) libreoffice-sk  85) libreoffice-sl  86) libreoffice-sq
+
  87) libreoffice-sr  88) libreoffice-ss  89) libreoffice-st
+
  90) libreoffice-sv  91) libreoffice-sw-TZ  92) libreoffice-ta
+
  93) libreoffice-te  94) libreoffice-tg  95) libreoffice-th
+
  96) libreoffice-tn  97) libreoffice-tr  98) libreoffice-ts
+
  99) libreoffice-tt  100) libreoffice-ug  101) libreoffice-uk
+
  102) libreoffice-uz  103) libreoffice-ve  104) libreoffice-vi
+
  105) libreoffice-xh  106) libreoffice-zh-CN  107) libreoffice-zh-TW
+
  108) libreoffice-zu
+
 
+
Enter a number (default=1):
+
</nowiki>}}
+
 
+
或者,你可以这样安装:
+
# pacman -S libreoffice-{zh-CN,common,base,calc,draw,impress,math,writer,gnome,kde4,sdk,sdk-doc}
+
 
+
{{注意|两种方法均可。如果你很在意qt或者gtk的整合,你需要安装软件包 {{Pkg|libreoffice-kde4}} 或 {{Pkg|libreoffice-gnome}}, 具体请看下面 主题 部分。
+
  
 
请阅读pacman推荐的可选依赖(optional dependencies)。例: 安装 [[Java]]运行环境(可选,强烈推荐)。你需要安装 {{Pkg|hsqldb-java}} 来使用 Libreoffice Base。
 
请阅读pacman推荐的可选依赖(optional dependencies)。例: 安装 [[Java]]运行环境(可选,强烈推荐)。你需要安装 {{Pkg|hsqldb-java}} 来使用 Libreoffice Base。
Line 89: Line 29:
  
 
For GTK integration, [[pacman|install]] the package {{Pkg|libreoffice-gnome}}.
 
For GTK integration, [[pacman|install]] the package {{Pkg|libreoffice-gnome}}.
 +
 +
{{Note|Qt integration is able to mimic gtk theme. The command {{ic|qtconfig-qt4}} opens a window which let you choose.}}
  
 
Even if you are not running one of these desktop environments and thus do not need to "integrate" with them, you may still wish to install these packages so that libreoffice will use non-default gtk or qt themes. For example, libreoffice on e17 uses the default "ugly" (aka "win95") theme; installing libreoffice-gnome will allow you to select a more pleasant gtk theme.
 
Even if you are not running one of these desktop environments and thus do not need to "integrate" with them, you may still wish to install these packages so that libreoffice will use non-default gtk or qt themes. For example, libreoffice on e17 uses the default "ugly" (aka "win95") theme; installing libreoffice-gnome will allow you to select a more pleasant gtk theme.
 +
 +
As of LibreOffice version 3.5.x it tries to magically autodetect your desktop UI using the following magic if proper libs will be found:
 +
  gtk3 -> gtk2 -> kde4 -> generic
 +
 +
To force the use of a certain VCL UI interface use one of this:
 +
SAL_USE_VCLPLUGIN=gen lowriter
 +
SAL_USE_VCLPLUGIN=kde4 lowriter
 +
SAL_USE_VCLPLUGIN=gtk lowriter
 +
SAL_USE_VCLPLUGIN=gtk3 lowriter
 +
 +
It is convenient to save {{ic|SAL_USE_VCLPLUGIN}} variable in your shell configuration file, e.g.{{ic|/etc/bash.bashrc}} or {{ic|~/.bashrc}} if using bash.
 +
 +
The new gtk3 UI is still marked upstream as experimental and will only be available if you enable "experimental features" in LibO main configuration dialog.
  
 
==管理扩展==
 
==管理扩展==
Line 130: Line 85:
  
 
Another thing to note is that if you intend to use macros, you must have a JRE enabled, use of a JRE is default behaviour; but disabling its use is listed in the speed tweaks below.
 
Another thing to note is that if you intend to use macros, you must have a JRE enabled, use of a JRE is default behaviour; but disabling its use is listed in the speed tweaks below.
 
==运行LibreOffice==
 
 
如果你需要打开一个具体的LibreOffice组件 (而不是LibreOffice的默认Startcenter ({{ic|/usr/bin/soffice}} is still included for fallback reasons)), 请使用以下命令:
 
 
;Writer (文字编辑器): {{ic|/usr/bin/libreoffice --writer}} or {{ic|/usr/bin/soffice --writer}}
 
 
;Calc (电子表格编辑器): {{ic|/usr/bin/libreoffice --calc}}
 
 
;Impress (幻灯片编辑器): {{ic|/usr/bin/libreoffice --impress}}
 
 
;Draw (矢量图编辑器): {{ic|/usr/bin/libreoffice --draw}}
 
 
;Math (公式编辑器): {{ic|/usr/bin/libreoffice --math}}
 
 
;Base (数据库前端): {{ic|/usr/bin/libreoffice --base}}
 
 
As of LibreOffice version 3.5.x it tries to magically autodetect your desktop UI using the following magic if proper libs will be found:
 
  gtk3 -> gtk2 -> kde4 -> generic
 
 
To force the use of a certain VCL UI interface use one of this:
 
SAL_USE_VCLPLUGIN=gen lowriter
 
SAL_USE_VCLPLUGIN=kde4 lowriter
 
SAL_USE_VCLPLUGIN=gtk lowriter
 
SAL_USE_VCLPLUGIN=gtk3 lowriter
 
 
The new gtk3 UI is still marked upstream as experimental and will only be available if you enable "experimental features" in LibO main configuration dialog.
 
  
 
==优化LibreOffice==
 
==优化LibreOffice==
Line 201: Line 129:
  
 
If so, give yourself ownership of {{ic|~/.config/}} like so:  
 
If so, give yourself ownership of {{ic|~/.config/}} like so:  
  sudo chown -vR username:users ~/.config
+
  # chown -vR username:users ~/.config
  
 
[https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=93168 Post on Arch Linux Forums]
 
[https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=93168 Post on Arch Linux Forums]

Revision as of 08:51, 7 May 2013

Tango-preferences-desktop-locale.png本页面需要更新翻译,内容可能已经与英文脱节。要贡献翻译,请访问简体中文翻译组Tango-preferences-desktop-locale.png

附注: please use the first argument of the template to provide more detailed indications.

引自 主页 - LibreOffice:

LibreOffice 是一套自由的办公软件,它可以在Windows、Linux、Macintosh平台上运行,本套软件共有六个应用程序供您使用,包括:Writer、Calc、Impress、Draw、Math、Base。
Note: Arch 已经停止对OpenOffice的官方支持,请使用 LibreOffice。详细情况参阅停止支持 Oracle OpenOffice

LibreOffice is the "Document Foundation fork" in the extra repository, which includes enhancements and features.

安装

从版本3.4.2rc1起, LibreOffice软件包已经被拆分。从官方软件仓库安装软件包组libreoffice。pacman 会显示软件包选择菜单进行安装。

由于没有任何语言包被默认包括进安装,所以用户至少需要安装一个语言包。请安装提示输入数字选择要安装的语言包。

请确认字体 ttf-dejavuartwiz-fonts 已经被安装,否则你将只能看到方块。

# pacman -S ttf-dejavu artwiz-fonts

{{注意|两种方法均可。如果你很在意qt或者gtk的整合,你需要安装软件包 libreoffice-kde4libreoffice-gnome, 具体请看下面主题部分。

请阅读pacman推荐的可选依赖(optional dependencies)。例: 安装 Java运行环境(可选,强烈推荐)。你需要安装 hsqldb-java 来使用 Libreoffice Base。

Theme

For Qt integration, install the package libreoffice-kde4.

For GTK integration, install the package libreoffice-gnome.

Note: Qt integration is able to mimic gtk theme. The command qtconfig-qt4 opens a window which let you choose.

Even if you are not running one of these desktop environments and thus do not need to "integrate" with them, you may still wish to install these packages so that libreoffice will use non-default gtk or qt themes. For example, libreoffice on e17 uses the default "ugly" (aka "win95") theme; installing libreoffice-gnome will allow you to select a more pleasant gtk theme.

As of LibreOffice version 3.5.x it tries to magically autodetect your desktop UI using the following magic if proper libs will be found:

 gtk3 -> gtk2 -> kde4 -> generic

To force the use of a certain VCL UI interface use one of this:

SAL_USE_VCLPLUGIN=gen lowriter
SAL_USE_VCLPLUGIN=kde4 lowriter 
SAL_USE_VCLPLUGIN=gtk lowriter 
SAL_USE_VCLPLUGIN=gtk3 lowriter

It is convenient to save SAL_USE_VCLPLUGIN variable in your shell configuration file, e.g./etc/bash.bashrc or ~/.bashrc if using bash.

The new gtk3 UI is still marked upstream as experimental and will only be available if you enable "experimental features" in LibO main configuration dialog.

管理扩展

Arch正在移植一些扩展。目前我们移植了这些扩展: pdfimport presentation-minimizer presenter-screen report-builder wiki-publisher ct2n hunart numbertext oooblogger typo watch-window diagram.


  • 如果你需要这些扩展请直接安装:
# pacman -S libreoffice-extension-nlpsolver libreoffice-extension-foo ...

如需安装更多插件请点击 工具 > 扩展管理器 或者访问 Get extensions Online

语言帮助

拼写检查

为了开启拼写检查,你需要安装 hunspell 和与语言对应hunspell词典,比如说 英语的hunspell-en,德语的hunspell-de等等。

断词换行规则

为了开启换行规则,你需要安装 hyphen 和与语言对应hyphen规则,比如说 英语的hyphen-en,德语的hyphen-de等等。

Thesaurus

For the thesaurus option, you will need libmythes and a mythes language thesaurus (like mythes-en for English, mythes-de for German, etc)).

语法检查

为了开启语法检查,你需要安装一个扩展,比如 LanguageTool,可以在AUR: libreoffice-extension-languagetoolAUR 找到 或者 LanguageTool Website

其它的语法工具可以在这里 LibreOffice Extension Page 或者这里 OpenOffice's Website找到。 不确保所有的OpenOffice扩展都能在LibreOffice下正常工作。

注意: Languagetool 使用java并且可能会是LibreOffice短暂地失去响应,特别是在打开文件的时候。幸运的是,这种情况只在LibreOffice首次启动时才有。 LanguageTool在Openjdk6下的表现比在openjdk7下要好,尽管这个问题并没有被确认。

Installing Macros

In most Linux distros, the default path for macros is:

~/.openoffice.org/3/user/Scripts/

The path for this directory for LibreOffice in Arch Linux is:

~/.config/.libreoffice/3/user/Scripts/

Another thing to note is that if you intend to use macros, you must have a JRE enabled, use of a JRE is default behaviour; but disabling its use is listed in the speed tweaks below.

优化LibreOffice

一些设置可以提升LibreOffice的读取时间和相应速度,但相对应地也可能增加内存的使用量,所以请小心使用。这些设置能在 工具 > 选项 下找到。

  • 内存 选项卡下:
    • 把可撤销部数减少到 100 一下, 20 到 30 步左右是个不错的选择。
    • 图形缓冲区 中, 把 用于 LibreOffice增加到 128 MB (默认值为 20MB)。
    • 每个对象的内存 增加到 20MB (默认值为 5MB)。
    • If you use LibreOffice often, check LibreOffice Quickstarter.
  • Java 选项卡下, 取消选中 使用Java运行环境
Note: For a list of functionality which depends on OpenOffice Java support, see this page: http://wiki.services.openoffice.org/wiki/Java - Still needed?

疑难问题

更改字体

字体可以在LibreOffice的选项里更改。在菜单中,选中 工具 > 选项 > LibreOffice > 字体。 选中 使用替换表。 在左侧的下拉菜单中选中字体,在右侧选中想要替换成的字体 。选好后,点击右侧的对勾。然后根据需要选择自动或者只显示屏幕。点击确定。

此外还需要进入工具 > 选项 > LibreOffice > 视图,取消选中 "将系统字体用于用户界面"。如果你的字体不支持抗锯齿,比如 Arial 字体,你还需要取消选中 "平滑屏幕字体边缘"。

抗锯齿

执行

$ echo "Xft.lcdfilter: lcddefault" | xrdb -merge

如需使其永久生效,请添加 Xft.lcdfilter: lcddefault 到你的 ~/.Xresources 文件,并且确保执行 xrdb -merge ~/.Xresources[1]. 更多信息请查看 X resources

如果这样不起作用的话,你也可以尝试添加 Xft.lcdfilter: lcddefault 到你的 ~/.Xdefaults 文件。如果文件不存在请创建一个。

LibreOffice看起来很难看

如果你的LibreOffice和之前使用OpenOffice不一样,那就说明你没有安装所需的软件包。详细信息请查看Theme部分。

Hanging when using NFS shares

If OpenOffice hangs when trying to open or save a document located on a NFS share, try prepending the following lines with a # in /usr/lib/openoffice/program/soffice (or /usr/bin/soffice if using go-openoffice):

# file locking now enabled by default
SAL_ENABLE_FILE_LOCKING=1
export SAL_ENABLE_FILE_LOCKING

Original post here

Note: Only NFSv3 is affected. NFSv4 works well with OpenOffice.

Fixing Java Framework Error

You may get the following error when you try to run OpenOffice.

[Java framework] Error in function createSettingsDocument (elements.cxx).
javaldx failed!

If so, give yourself ownership of ~/.config/ like so:

# chown -vR username:users ~/.config

Post on Arch Linux Forums

LibreOffice does not detect my certificates

If you cannot see the certificates when trying to sign a document, you will need to have the certificates configured in Mozilla Firefox (or Thunderbird). If after that LibreOffice still does not show them, set the MOZILLA_CERTIFICATE_FOLDER environment variable to point to your Mozilla Firefox (or Thunderbird) folder.

export MOZILLA_CERTIFICATE_FOLDER=$HOME/.mozilla/firefox/XXXXXX.default/

Certificate Detection

Run .pps files in edit mode (without slideshow)

The only solution is to rename .pps file in .ppt

Add the following script to your home directory and use it to open every .pps file. Very useful to open .pps files received by email without the need to save them.

#!/bin/bash

f=`mktemp`

cp "$1" "${f}.ppt" && libreoffice "${f}.ppt" && rm -f "${f}.ppt"

Extremely slow LibreOffice Base

Due to a current bug in the LibreOffice/hsqldb/Java chain, "java.net.PlainSocketimpl.socketAccept [takes] double to 10 times longer [than usual]" and Base is pretty much unusable (see reports here and here). This bug applies (as of Feb 2012) to libreoffice 3.4.5-2 and jdk7-openjdk 7.b147_2.0-6 and a number of earlier versions. The solution (offered, e.g., here) is to install an earlier JRE (e.g., from Sun/Oracle: jre1.6.0_21 works, download = jre-6u21-linux-x64.bin) and set LibreOffice to use this JRE in the Options.

Another solution (found here) is to create the file /usr/lib/jvm/java-6-openjdk/jre. This way the installation of another version of Java is avoided!

This bug is fixed upstream. See bug report here.

Bibliography problems

If writer falls while you try open bibliography database with this error:

com::sun::star::loader::CannotActivateFactoryException

Install libreoffice-base, it's contains needed component.