LibreOffice (简体中文)

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引自 主页 - LibreOffice:

LibreOffice是一款功能强大且免费的开源办公软件,它同时支持Windows, Macintosh和Linux系统, 为你提供六种针对文档编辑和数据处理需求的拥有丰富功能的应用:Writer, Calc, Impress, Draw, Math和Base. Supportdocumentation对于我们庞大的且忠实的的社区用户,贡献者和开发者是完全开放的。 还等什么,加入我们!

LibreOffice同Arch Linux的情缘

对于OpenOffice.org的官方支持由LibreOffice所取代, 它是该工程的 "Document Foundation"分支, 其中包含了对于一些功能的强化和额外的特征。 请参考 Dropping Oracle OpenOffice (arch-general).

安装

从版本3.4.2rc1起, LibreOffice软件包已经被拆分。从官方软件仓库安装软件包组libreoffice。pacman 会显示软件包选择菜单进行安装。

由于没有任何语言包被默认包括进安装,所以用户至少需要安装一个语言包。请安装提示输入数字选择要安装的语言包。

请确认字体 ttf-dejavuartwiz-fonts 已经被安装,否则你将只能看到方块。

# pacman -S ttf-dejavu artwiz-fonts

{{注意|两种方法均可。如果你很在意qt或者gtk的整合,你需要安装软件包 libreoffice-kde4libreoffice-gnome, 具体请看下面主题部分。

请阅读pacman推荐的可选依赖(optional dependencies)。例: 安装 Java运行环境(可选,强烈推荐)。你需要安装 hsqldb-java 来使用 Libreoffice Base。

主题

For Qt integration, install libreoffice-still-kde4, for GTK+ integration libreoffice-still-gnome. See also Uniform_Look_for_Qt_and_GTK_Applications.

As of LibreOffice v3.5.x toolkit libraries are checked in the following order:

gtk > kde4 > generic

Merge-arrows-2.pngThis article or section is a candidate for merging with Uniform_Look_for_Qt_and_GTK_Applications.Merge-arrows-2.png

Notes: Looks related to not just libreoffice (Discuss in Talk:LibreOffice (简体中文)#)

To force the use of a certain VCL UI interface use one of this:

SAL_USE_VCLPLUGIN=gen lowriter
SAL_USE_VCLPLUGIN=kde4 lowriter
SAL_USE_VCLPLUGIN=gtk lowriter
SAL_USE_VCLPLUGIN=gtk3 lowriter

It is convenient to save SAL_USE_VCLPLUGIN variable in your shell configuration file, e.g./etc/bash.bashrc or ~/.bashrc if using Bash.

Note: The new GTK3 UI is experimental and will only be available if you enable "experimental features" in LibreOffice main configuration dialog.

However, if it looks like it is using Windows 95/98 icons, go to Tools > Options... in the menus (which presents the Options Dialog), then select LibreOffice > Accessibility and uncheck "Automatically detect high-contrast mode of operating system".

If that does not work immediately, you may need to change the icon set that is in use; this is also in the Options Dialog, under LibreOffice > View with two pop-up boxes for "Icon size and style" (the latter pop-up box should be changed to something other than "High-contrast").

Firefox themes

LibreOffice 4.x series is able to use Firefox themes. Enter LibreOffice options and choose Personalization > Select Theme, then paste the URL of your favourite one. A convenient button in the dialog box lets you open the browser.

Themes can be found on Mozilla's theme repository.

If you prefer to disable the startup logo, open /etc/libreoffice/sofficerc, find the Logo= line and set Logo=0.

Note: This variable is unrelated with the Logo scripting support.

管理扩展

Arch正在移植一些扩展。目前我们移植了这些扩展: pdfimport presentation-minimizer presenter-screen report-builder wiki-publisher ct2n hunart numbertext oooblogger typo watch-window diagram.


  • 如果你需要这些扩展请直接安装:
# pacman -S libreoffice-extension-nlpsolver libreoffice-extension-foo ...

如需安装更多插件请点击 工具 > 扩展管理器 或者访问 Get extensions Online

语言帮助

拼写检查

为了开启拼写检查,你需要安装 hunspell 和与语言对应hunspell词典,比如说 英语的hunspell-en,德语的hunspell-de等等。

断词换行规则

为了开启换行规则,你需要安装 hyphen 和与语言对应hyphen规则,比如说 英语的hyphen-en,德语的hyphen-de等等。

Thesaurus

For the thesaurus option, you will need libmythes and a mythes language thesaurus (like mythes-en for English, mythes-de for German, etc)).

语法检查

为了开启语法检查,你需要安装一个扩展,比如 LanguageTool,可以在AUR: libreoffice-extension-languagetoolAUR 找到 或者 LanguageTool Website

其它的语法工具可以在这里 LibreOffice Extension Page 或者这里 OpenOffice's Website找到。 不确保所有的OpenOffice扩展都能在LibreOffice下正常工作。

注意: Languagetool 使用java并且可能会是LibreOffice短暂地失去响应,特别是在打开文件的时候。幸运的是,这种情况只在LibreOffice首次启动时才有。 LanguageTool在Openjdk6下的表现比在openjdk7下要好,尽管这个问题并没有被确认。

Finnish spell checking

For Finnish users, there are four packages to be installed. Install them in this order: malagaAUR, suomi-malaga-voikkoAUR, libvoikkoAUR and voikko-libreofficeAUR.

Offline help for en-US

The US English packages in the official repositories do not include the offline help files. Users who desire offline help for en-US can install the libreoffice-still-en-us-helpAUR or libreoffice-fresh-en-us-helpAUR packages from the AUR.

Installing Macros

In most Linux distros, the default path for macros is:

~/.openoffice.org/3/user/Scripts/

The path for this directory for LibreOffice in Arch Linux is:

~/.config/.libreoffice/3/user/Scripts/

Another thing to note is that if you intend to use macros, you must have a JRE enabled, use of a JRE is default behaviour; but disabling its use is listed in the speed tweaks below.

优化LibreOffice

一些设置可以提升LibreOffice的读取时间和相应速度,但相对应地也可能增加内存的使用量,所以请小心使用。这些设置能在 工具 > 选项 下找到。

  • 内存 选项卡下:
    • 把可撤销部数减少到 100 一下, 20 到 30 步左右是个不错的选择。
    • 图形缓冲区 中, 把 用于 LibreOffice增加到 128 MB (默认值为 20MB)。
    • 每个对象的内存 增加到 20MB (默认值为 5MB)。
    • If you use LibreOffice often, check LibreOffice Quickstarter.
  • Java 选项卡下, 取消选中 使用Java运行环境
Note: For a list of functionality which depends on OpenOffice Java support, see this page: http://wiki.services.openoffice.org/wiki/Java - Still needed?

疑难问题

更改字体

字体可以在LibreOffice的选项里更改。在菜单中,选中 工具 > 选项 > LibreOffice > 字体。 选中 使用替换表。 在左侧的下拉菜单中选中字体,在右侧选中想要替换成的字体 。选好后,点击右侧的对勾。然后根据需要选择自动或者只显示屏幕。点击确定。

此外还需要进入工具 > 选项 > LibreOffice > 视图,取消选中 "将系统字体用于用户界面"。如果你的字体不支持抗锯齿,比如 Arial 字体,你还需要取消选中 "平滑屏幕字体边缘"。

抗锯齿

执行

$ echo "Xft.lcdfilter: lcddefault" | xrdb -merge

如需使其永久生效,请添加 Xft.lcdfilter: lcddefault 到你的 ~/.Xresources 文件,并且确保执行 xrdb -merge ~/.Xresources[1]. 更多信息请查看 X resources

如果这样不起作用的话,你也可以尝试添加 Xft.lcdfilter: lcddefault 到你的 ~/.Xdefaults 文件。如果文件不存在请创建一个。

Hanging when using NFSv3 shares

If LibreOffice hangs when trying to open or save a document located on a NFSv3 share, try prepending the following lines with a # in /usr/lib/libreoffice/program/soffice:

# file locking now enabled by default
SAL_ENABLE_FILE_LOCKING=1
export SAL_ENABLE_FILE_LOCKING

To avoid overwriting on update you can copy /usr/lib/libreoffice/program/soffice in /usr/local/bin. Original post here.

Fixing Java framework error

You may get the following error when you try to run LibreOffice.

[Java framework] Error in function createSettingsDocument (elements.cxx).
javaldx failed!

If so, give yourself ownership of ~/.config/ like so:

# chown -vR username:users ~/.config

Post on Arch Linux forums.

LibreOffice does not detect my certificates

If you cannot see the certificates when trying to sign a document, you will need to have the certificates configured in Mozilla Firefox (or Thunderbird). If after that LibreOffice still does not show them, set the MOZILLA_CERTIFICATE_FOLDER environment variable to point to your Mozilla Firefox (or Thunderbird) folder:

export MOZILLA_CERTIFICATE_FOLDER=$HOME/.mozilla/firefox/XXXXXX.default/

Certificate detection.

Run .pps files in edit mode (without slideshow)

The only solution is to rename the .pps file to .ppt.

Add the following script to your home directory and use it to open every .pps file. Very useful to open .pps files received by email without the need to save them.

#!/bin/bash

f=$(mktemp)
cp "$1" "${f}.ppt" && libreoffice "${f}.ppt" && rm -f "${f}.ppt"

Bibliography problems

If Writer crashes on attempting to access Tools > Bibliography Database, with the following error:

com::sun::star::loader::CannotActivateFactoryException

Install libreoffice-base as this is a workaround to a known bug, purportedly fixed.

Media support

If embedded videos are just gray boxes, make sure to have installed the GStreamer plugins required.

Content not resizing with windows on Xfwm4

If you do not get the content of the LibreOffice window resize along with it under Xfce (or just using Xfwm4), like in this post: [2]. Install libreoffice-still-gnome to solve the issue.

gvfs mounts

If you need to open/save documents on gvfs mounts, you will need to install libreoffice-still-gnome package.