Difference between revisions of "LightDM"

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[[Category:Display managers]]
 
[[Category:Display managers]]
 +
[[Category:Canonical]]
 
[[es:LightDM]]
 
[[es:LightDM]]
{{Article summary start}}
+
[[fr:LightDM]]
{{Article summary text|Provides an overview and setup of the Light Display Manager.}}
+
[[ja:LightDM]]
{{Article summary heading|Related}}
+
[[ru:LightDM]]
{{Article summary wiki|Display Manager}}
+
[[zh-hans:LightDM]]
{{Article summary end}}
+
{{Related articles start}}
 +
{{Related|Display manager}}
 +
{{Related|GDM}}
 +
{{Related|LXDM}}
 +
{{Related articles end}}
  
[http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/LightDM Lightdm] LightDM is a cross-desktop display manager that aims to be the standard display manager for the X.org X server.
+
[http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/LightDM LightDM] is a cross-desktop [[display manager]]. Its key features are:
 +
* Cross-desktop - supports different desktop technologies.
 +
* Supports different display technologies (X, Mir, Wayland ...).
 +
* Lightweight - low memory usage and high performance.
 +
* Supports guest sessions.
 +
* Supports remote login (incoming - XDMCP, VNC, outgoing - XDMCP, pluggable).
 +
* Comprehensive test suite.
 +
* Low code complexity.
 +
 
 +
More details about LightDM's design can be found [http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/LightDM/Design here].
  
 
== Installation ==
 
== Installation ==
  
Currently, {{AUR|lightdm}} resides in the [[AUR]]. Install it like any other AUR package.
+
[[Install]] the {{Pkg|lightdm}} package.
 +
{{Tip|Stable releases are even-numbered (1.8, 1.10) while development releases are odd-numbered (1.9, 1.11). These development releases are available with {{AUR|lightdm-devel}}. Also available is {{AUR|lightdm-git}}.}}
  
 
=== Greeter===
 
=== Greeter===
You will also need {{AUR|lightdm-gtk-greeter}} from the [[AUR]].
 
  
Other greeters can be installed:  
+
You will probably want to install a greeter. A greeter is a GUI that prompts the user for credentials, lets the user select a session, and so on. It is possible to use LightDM without a greeter, but only if an automatic login is configured, otherwise you will need to install {{pkg|xorg-server}} and one of the greeter packages below.
* {{AUR|lightdm-webkit-greeter}}
+
 
* {{AUR|lightdm-crowd-greeter}}
+
The official repositories contain the following greeters:
* {{AUR|lightdm-kde}}
+
* {{Pkg|lightdm-gtk-greeter}}: this is the '''default''' greeter LightDM attempts to use when started unless configured to do otherwise.
* {{AUR|lightdm-unity-greeter}}
+
* lightdm-deepin-greeter ({{Pkg|deepin-session-ui}}): A greeter from the [[Deepin]] project.
 +
 
 +
Other alternative greeters are available in the [[AUR]]:
 +
* {{AUR|lightdm-slick-greeter}}: A GTK+ Based greeter that is preferred over the {{Pkg|lightdm-gtk-greeter}} by distro creators
 +
* {{Pkg|lightdm-webkit2-greeter}}: A greeter that uses Webkit2 for theming. It supersedes {{AUR|lightdm-webkit-greeter}}.
 +
* {{AUR|lightdm-unity-greeter}}: The greeter used by Ubuntu's [[Unity]].
 +
* {{AUR|lightdm-pantheon-greeter}}: A greeter from the elementary OS project.
 +
* {{AUR|lightdm-mini-greeter}}: A minimal, configurable, single-user greeter.
 +
 
 +
You can set the default greeter by changing the {{ic|[Seat:*]}} section of the LightDM configuration file, like so:
 +
 
 +
{{hc|/etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf|2=
 +
[Seat:*]
 +
...
 +
greeter-session=lightdm-''yourgreeter''-greeter
 +
...
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
One way to check which greeters are available is to list the files in the {{ic|/usr/share/xgreeters}} directory; each  ''.desktop'' file represents an available greeter. In this example, the {{ic|lightdm-gtk-greeter}} and {{ic|lightdm-kde-greeter}} greeters are available:
 +
$ ls -1 /usr/share/xgreeters/
 +
lightdm-gtk-greeter.desktop
 +
lightdm-kde-greeter.desktop
 +
 
 +
== Enabling LightDM ==
  
To change the default greeter ({{AUR|lightdm-gtk-greeter}}) edit the lightdm PKGBUILD and change the line
+
Make sure to [[enable]] {{ic|lightdm.service}} so LightDM will be started at boot, see also [[Display manager#Loading the display manager]].
--with-greeter-session=lightdm-gtk-greeter
 
to
 
--with-greeter-session=lightdm-yourgreeter-greeter
 
  
== Enabling Lightdm ==
+
== Command line tool ==
=== Using Initscripts ===
 
Lightdm can be loaded on startup by entering it in the daemons array in {{ic|rc.conf}}, or by modifying {{ic|inittab}} so it points to lightdm:
 
x:5:respawn:/usr/sbin/lightdm >& /dev/null
 
{{Note|The 'inittab' method is the preferred method to use a graphical greeter. See [[Display_Manager#inittab_method]].}}
 
  
{{Note|Lightdm needs [[dbus]] to be running.  If you get an error about "respawing too fast" you may have forgotten this.  Ensure that dbus is in your [[DAEMONS]] array in {{ic|rc.conf}}.}}
+
LightDM offers a command line tool, {{ic|dm-tool}}, which can be used to lock the current seat, switch sessions, etc, which is useful with 'minimalist' window managers and for testing. To see a list of available commands, execute:
=== Using Systemd ===
+
$ dm-tool --help
For systems using systemd, Lightdm also has a systemd service file, start it with {{ic|systemctl start lightdm.service}} or enable it for boot with {{ic|systemctl enable lightdm.service}}.
 
  
See [[Display Manager]] for detailed instructions.
+
=== User switching ===
  
== Optional Configuration and Tweaks ==
+
{{Accuracy|Is this warning inappropriate? Don't {{ic|dm-tool lock}} and {{ic|dm-tool switch-to-greeter}} do the equivalent of calling {{ic|loginctl lock-session}}? If your screen locker doesn't register with ''logind'' then there's nothing {{ic|dm-tool ...}} can do - but that's not LightDM's fault. This issue is well known and touched upon [[List_of_applications#Screen_lockers|here]] and [[XScreenSaver#Lock_on_suspend|here]].}}
=== Changing Background Images/Colors ===
 
Users wishing to customize the wallpaper on the greeter screen need to edit {{ic|/etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf}} defining the '''background''' variable.
 
  
Example:
+
{{Warning|1=The use of lightDM's built-in screen lockers like {{ic|dm-tool lock}} or {{ic|dm-tool switch-to-greeter}} are [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=1712213#p1712213 '''not''' recommended]. Use [[#Lock the screen using light-locker|light-locker]] or something from [[List of applications/Security#Screen lockers]].}}
  background=/usr/share/pixmaps/black_and_white_photography-wallpaper-1920x1080.jpg
+
 
 +
LightDM's ''dm-tool'' command can be used to allow multiple users to be logged in on separate ttys. The following will send a signal requesting that the current session be locked and then will initiate a switch to LightDM's greeter, allowing a new user to log in to the system.
 +
 
 +
$ dm-tool switch-to-greeter
 +
 
 +
== Testing ==
 +
 
 +
First, [[install]] {{Pkg|xorg-server-xephyr}} from the [[official repositories]].
 +
 
 +
Then, run LightDM as an X application:
 +
$ lightdm --test-mode --debug
 +
 
 +
== Optional configuration and tweaks ==
 +
 
 +
LightDM can be configured by modifying its config file, {{ic|/etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf}}.
 +
 
 +
Some greeters have their own configuration files. For example:
 +
 +
{{Pkg|lightdm-gtk-greeter}}: {{ic|/etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf}}
 +
 
 +
{{Pkg|lightdm-webkit2-greeter}}: {{ic|/etc/lightdm/lightdm-webkit2-greeter.conf}}
 +
 
 +
{{Pkg|lightdm-kde-greeter}}{{Broken package link|package not found}}: {{ic|/etc/lightdm/lightdm-kde-greeter.conf}}
 +
 
 +
=== X session wrapper ===
 +
 
 +
If you are migrating from [[xinit]], you will notice that the display is not launched by your shell. This is because, as opposed to your shell starting the display (and the display inheriting the environment of your shell), LightDM starts your display and does not source your shell. LightDM launches the display by running a wrapper script and that finally exec's your graphic environment. By default, {{ic|/etc/lightdm/Xsessions.conf}} is run.
 +
 
 +
==== Environment variables ====
 +
 
 +
The script checks and sources {{ic|/etc/profile}}, {{ic|~/.profile}},  {{ic|/etc/xprofile}} and {{ic|~/.xprofile}}, in that order. If you are using a shell that does not source any of these files, you can create an  {{ic|~/.xprofile}} to do so. (In this example, the login shell is [[zsh]])
 +
 
 +
{{hc|~/.xprofile|2=
 +
#!/bin/sh
 +
<nowiki>[[ -f ~/.config/zsh/.zshenv ]] && source ~/.config/zsh/.zshenv</nowiki>
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
If you have shell variables that are important for your display (such as Gtk or QT themes, GNUPG location, config overrides, etc.) this will let your graphic environment have access to your environment without having to be launched by your login shell.
 +
 
 +
==== Keymap ====
 +
 
 +
The script runs [[Xkbmap]] with arguments provided in files {{ic|/etc/X11/Xkbmap}}, {{ic|~/.Xkbmap}}. If those files are not found, it runs [[xmodmap]] with {{ic|/etc/X11/Xmodmap}}, {{ic|~/.Xmodmap}}. If using xkbmap, the files are parsed using cat. The following example works
 +
 
 +
{{hc|~/.xprofile|2=
 +
-model pc105 -layout us,us,tr -variant ,dvorak,f -option grp:caps_toggle
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
=== Changing background images/colors ===
 +
 
 +
You can set the background to a hex color or an image. Some greeters offer more robust background options like background selection from the login screen, random backgrounds, etc.
 +
 
 +
==== GTK+ greeter ====
 +
 
 +
You can use the {{Pkg|lightdm-gtk-greeter-settings}} gui.
 +
 
 +
Users wishing to customize the wallpaper on the greeter screen need to edit {{ic|/etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf}} and define the {{ic|background}} variable under the {{ic|[greeter]}} section. For example:
 +
{{hc|/etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf|2=
 +
[greeter]
 +
background=/usr/share/pixmaps/black_and_white_photography-wallpaper-1920x1080.jpg
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
{{Note|It is recommended to place the PNG or JPG file in {{ic|/usr/share/pixmaps}} since the LightDM user needs read access to the wallpaper file.}}
 +
 
 +
===== GTK3 Theme =====
 +
GTK3 themes can be specified with the {{ic|theme-name}} variable in the {{ic|[greeter]}} section of {{ic|/etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf}} For example, {{ic|1=theme-name=Adwaita-dark}}.
 +
 
 +
==== Webkit2 greeter ====
 +
 
 +
The {{Pkg|lightdm-webkit2-greeter}} allows you to choose a background image directly on the login screen. It also offers an option to display a random image each time it starts if you use the [https://github.com/artur9010/lightdm-webkit-material Material theme]. By default, images are sourced from {{ic|/usr/share/backgrounds}}. You can change the background images directory by editing {{ic|lightdm-webkit2-greeter.conf}}. For example:
 +
{{hc|/etc/lightdm/lightdm-webkit2-greeter.conf|2=
 +
[branding]
 +
background_images = /usr/share/backgrounds
 +
}}
  
Users using the unity-greeter version must edit the {{ic|/usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas/com.canonical.unity-greeter.gschema.xml}} file
+
{{Note|The background images directory must be accessible to the LightDM user so it should not be located anywhere under {{ic|/home}}. }}
  
And then execute
+
==== Unity greeter ====
  
{{ic|glib-compile-schemas /usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas/}}
+
Users using the {{AUR|lightdm-unity-greeter}} must edit the {{ic|/usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas/com.canonical.unity-greeter.gschema.xml}} file and then execute:
 +
# glib-compile-schemas /usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas/
  
 
According to [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=149945 this] page.
 
According to [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=149945 this] page.
  
 +
==== KDE greeter ====
 +
 +
Go to ''System Settings > Login Screen (LightDM)'' and change the background image for your theme.
 +
 +
Alternatively, you can edit the {{ic|Background}} variable in {{ic|lightdm-kde-greeter.conf}} :
 +
 +
{{hc|/etc/lightdm/lightdm-kde-greeter.conf|2=
 +
[greeter]
 +
theme-name=classic
 +
 +
[greeter-settings]
 +
Background=/usr/share/archlinux/wallpaper/archlinux-underground.jpg
 +
BackgroundKeepAspectRatio=true
 +
GreetMessage=Welcome to %hostname%
 +
}}
 +
 +
==== Slick Greeter ====
 +
 +
Use the {{AUR|lightdm-settings}} GUI
 +
 +
=== Changing your avatar ===
 +
 +
{{Tip|If you are using KDE, you can change your avatar in KDE System Settings.}}
 +
 +
First, make sure the {{Pkg|accountsservice}} package from the [[official repositories]] is installed, then set it up as follows, replacing {{ic|''username''}} with the desired user's login name.
 +
 +
* Create the file {{ic|/var/lib/AccountsService/icons/''username''.png}} using a 96x96 PNG image file. Different image file formats are possible too, e.g., JPEG.
 +
 +
* Edit or create the account settings file {{ic|/var/lib/AccountsService/users/''username''}}, and add the lines
 +
 +
[User]
 +
Icon=/var/lib/AccountsService/icons/''username''.png
 +
 +
The filename here should point to the icon created in the first step, so adjust the filename extension if necessary.
 +
 +
{{Note|Make sure that both created files have 644 permissions, use [[chmod]] to correct them.}}
 +
 +
=== Sources of Arch-centric 64x64 icons ===
 +
 +
The {{AUR|archlinux-artwork}} package contains some nice examples that install to {{ic|/usr/share/archlinux/icons}} and that can be copied to {{ic|/usr/share/icons/hicolor/64x64/devices}} as follows:
 +
 +
# find /usr/share/archlinux/icons -name "*64*" -exec cp {} /usr/share/icons/hicolor/64x64/devices \;
  
 +
After copying, the {{AUR|archlinux-artwork}} package can be removed.
  
{{Note|It is recommended to place png or jpg files in /usr/share/pixmaps since the lightdm user needs read access to the wallpaper file.}}
+
=== Enabling autologin ===
  
Users wishing to have a flat color (no image) may simply set the '''background''' variable to a hex color.
+
Edit the LightDM configuration file and ensure these lines are uncommented and correctly configured:
 +
 
 +
{{hc|/etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf|2=
 +
[Seat:*]
 +
autologin-user=''username''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
You must be part of the {{ic|autologin}} group to be able to login automatically without entering your password:
 +
 
 +
# groupadd -r autologin
 +
# gpasswd -a ''username'' autologin
 +
 
 +
LightDM logs in using the session specified in the {{ic|~/.dmrc}} of the user getting logged in automatically. To override this file, specify {{ic|autologin-session}} in {{ic|lightdm.conf}}:
 +
 
 +
{{hc|/etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf|2=
 +
[Seat:*]
 +
autologin-user=''username''
 +
autologin-session=''session''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
You will also need to ensure you have the {{Pkg|accountsservice}} package installed, otherwise LightDM will fail to start, and running it from the command line will show {{ic|Error getting user list from org.freedesktop.Accounts}}.
 +
 
 +
{{Note|GNOME users, and by extension any gnome-keyring user will have to set up a blank password to their keyring for it to be unlocked automatically.}}
 +
 
 +
=== Enabling interactive passwordless login ===
 +
 
 +
LightDM goes through PAM so you must configure the lightdm configuration of PAM:
 +
 
 +
{{hc|/etc/pam.d/lightdm|2=
 +
#%PAM-1.0
 +
'''auth        sufficient  pam_succeed_if.so user ingroup nopasswdlogin'''
 +
auth        include    system-login
 +
...
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
You must then also be part of the {{ic|nopasswdlogin}} group to be able to login interactively without entering your password:
 +
 
 +
# groupadd -r nopasswdlogin
 +
# gpasswd -a ''username'' nopasswdlogin
 +
 
 +
{{Note|GNOME users, and by extension any gnome-keyring user may have to follow the instructions at the end of the previous section on enabling autologin.}}
 +
 
 +
To create a new user account that logs in automatically and additionally able to login again without a password the user can be created with supplementary membership of both groups, e.g.:
 +
 
 +
# useradd -mG autologin,nopasswdlogin -s /bin/bash ''username''
 +
 
 +
=== Hiding system and services users ===
 +
To prevent system users from showing-up in the login, install the optional dependency {{Pkg|accountsservice}}, or add the user names to {{ic|/etc/lightdm/users.conf}} under {{ic|hidden-users}}. The first option has the advantage of not needing to update the list when more users are added or removed.
 +
 
 +
=== Migrating from SLiM ===
 +
 
 +
{{Merge|Display Manager|Not LightDM specific (or even SLiM specific for that matter as [[XDM]] also uses [[xinitrc]]). Perhaps this merits a one-liner somewhere on the [[Display Manager]] page?}}
 +
 
 +
Move the contents of [[xinitrc]] to [[xprofile]], removing the call to start the [[window manager]] or [[desktop environment]].
 +
 
 +
=== Login using ~/.xinitrc ===
 +
 
 +
See [[Display manager#Run ~/.xinitrc as a session]].
 +
 
 +
=== NumLock on by default ===
 +
 
 +
Install the {{Pkg|numlockx}} package and then edit {{ic|/etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf}}:
 +
{{hc|/etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf|2=
 +
[Seat:*]
 +
greeter-setup-script=/usr/bin/numlockx on
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
=== Default session ===
 +
 
 +
Lightdm, like other DMs, stores the last-selected xsession in {{ic|~/.dmrc}}. See [[Display manager#Session configuration]] for more info.
 +
 
 +
=== Adjusting the login window's position ===
 +
 
 +
==== GTK+ greeter ====
 +
 
 +
Users need to edit {{ic|/etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf}} and enter a value for the {{ic|position}} variable. It accepts {{ic|x}} and {{ic|y}} values, either absolute (in pixels) or relative (in percent). Each value can also have an additional anchor location for the window, {{ic|start}}, {{ic|center}} and {{ic|end}} separated from the value by a comma.
  
 
Example:
 
Example:
background=#000000
 
  
=== Changing the Icon ===
+
position=200,start 50%,center
Users wishing to customize the icon on the greeter screen need to edit {{ic|/etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf}} defining the '''logo''' variable.
+
 
 +
=== VNC Server ===
 +
Lightdm can also be used to connect to via VNC. Make sure to install {{pkg|tigervnc}} on the server side and optionally as your VNC client on the client PC.
 +
 
 +
Setup an authentication password on the server as root:
 +
 
 +
# vncpasswd /etc/vncpasswd
 +
 
 +
Edit the LightDM configuration file as shown below. Note that {{ic|listen-address}} configures the VNC to only listen to connections from localhost. This is used to only allow connections via [[TigerVNC#On_the_client|SSH and port forwarding]]. On the SSH client, make sure that you use {{ic|localhost:5900}} for the tunnel destination; using {{ic|127.0.0.1:5900}} or {{ic|::1:5900}} is not reliable on dual stack network connections. If you want to allow insecure connections you can disable this setting.
 +
 
 +
{{hc|/etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf|2=
 +
[VNCServer]
 +
enabled=true
 +
command=Xvnc -rfbauth /etc/vncpasswd
 +
port=5900
 +
listen-address=localhost
 +
width=1024
 +
height=768
 +
depth=24
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
Now open an SSH tunnel and connect to localhost as described in [[TigerVNC#On the client]].
 +
 
 +
{{Note|If you get a blank screen upon opening the VNC connection, try a different LightDM greeter.}}
 +
 
 +
=== Lock the screen using light-locker ===
 +
{{Pkg|light-locker}} is a simple screen locker using LightDM to authenticate the user. Once it is installed and running you can lock your session using
 +
$ light-locker-command -l
 +
This requires {{ic|light-locker}} to be started at the beginning of your session - see [[Autostarting]].
 +
 
 +
== Troubleshooting ==
 +
If you encounter consistent screen flashing and ultimately no LightDM on boot, ensure that you have defined the greeter correctly in LightDM's config file. And if you have correctly defined the GTK greeter, make sure the {{ic|xsessions-directory}} (default: {{ic|/usr/share/xsessions}}) exists and contains at least one .desktop file.
 +
 
 +
The same error can happen on lightdm startup if the last used session is not available anymore (eg. you last used gnome and then removed the gnome-session package): the easiest workaround is to temporarily restore the removed package. Another solution might be:
 +
 
 +
# dbus-send --system --type=method_call --print-reply --dest=org.freedesktop.Accounts /org/freedesktop/Accounts/User1000 org.freedesktop.Accounts.User.SetXSession string:xfce
 +
 
 +
This example sets the session "xfce" as default for the user 1000.
 +
 
 +
=== Wrong locale displayed ===
 +
 
 +
In case of your locale not being displayed correctly in Lightdm add your locale to {{ic|/etc/environment}}
 +
  LANG=pt_PT.utf8
 +
 
 +
Alternatively if you want LightDM and its greeters to be in a language other than your set system locale, you can use the {{ic|1=Environment=}} option in [[Systemd#Drop-in files]].
 +
 
 +
=== Missing icons with GTK greeter ===
 +
 
 +
If you are using {{Pkg|lightdm-gtk-greeter}} as a greeter and it shows placeholder images as icons, make sure valid icon themes and themes are installed and configured. Check the following file:
 +
 
 +
{{hc|/etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf|2=
 +
[greeter]
 +
theme-name=mate      # this should be the name of a directory under /usr/share/themes/
 +
icon-theme-name=mate # this should be the name of a fully featured icons set directory under /usr/share/icons/
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
=== LightDM freezes on login attempt ===
 +
 
 +
You may find that after entering the correct username and password and attempting to log in, LightDM freezes and you are unable to continue to the desktop. To fix the issue, reinstall the {{Pkg|gdk-pixbuf2}} package. See [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=179031 this forum thread].
 +
 
 +
=== LightDM displaying in wrong monitor ===
 +
 
 +
If you are using multiple monitors, LightDM may display in the wrong one (e.g. if your primary monitor is on the right). To force the LightDM login screen to display on a specific monitor, edit {{ic|/etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf}} and change the ''display-setup-script'' parameter like this:
 +
{{hc|/etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf|2=
 +
display-setup-script=xrandr --output ''HDMI1'' --primary
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
Replace ''HDMI1'' with your real monitor ID, which you can find from '''xrandr''' command output.
 +
 
 +
Alternatively, if you are using the GTK+ greeter, you can edit {{ic|/etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf}} and add the ''active-monitor'' parameter like this:
 +
{{hc|/etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf|2=
 +
[greeter]
 +
active-monitor=0
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
Replace 0 with the desired display number.
 +
 
 +
=== LightDM does not appear or monitor only displays TTY output===
 +
 
 +
It may happen that your system boots so fast that LightDM service is started before your graphics drivers are properly loaded. If this is your case, you will want to add the following config to your lightdm.conf file:
  
Example:
+
    [LightDM]
logo=/usr/share/icons/hicolor/64x64/devices/archlinux-icon-crystal-64.svg
+
    logind-check-graphical=true
 +
 
 +
This setting will tell LightDM to wait until graphics devices are ready before spawning greeters/autostarting sessions on them.
 +
 
 +
=== LightDM is running with low FPS on Intel Graphics ===
  
==== Sources of Arch-centric 64x64 Icons ====
+
In case you are using Intel Graphics it may happen that you have low FPS.
The archlinux-artwork package in [extra] contains some nice examples that install to {{ic|/usr/share/archlinux/icons}} and that can be copied to {{ic|/usr/share/icons/hicolor/64x64/devices}} as follows:
 
  
# find /usr/share/archlinux/icons -name "*64*" -exec cp {} /usr/share/icons/hicolor/64x64/devices \;
+
Add the option {{ic|AccelMethod}} to {{ic|uxa}} in your xorg configuration file.
  
After copying, the archlinux-artwork package can be removed.
+
{{hc|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-intel.conf|2=
 +
Section "Device"
 +
        Identifier "intel"
 +
        Driver "intel"
 +
        BusID "PCI:0:2:0"
 +
        Option "AccelMethod" "sna"
 +
        Option "TearFree" "true"
 +
EndSection
  
=== Enabling Autologin ===
+
}}
Edit {{ic|/etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf}} and change these lines to:
 
  
[SeatDefaults]
+
=== Pulseaudio not starting automatically ===
autologin-user=your_user
 
autologin-user-timeout=0
 
pam-service=lightdm-autologin
 
  
==== PAM settings ====
+
See [[PulseAudio#Running]].
  
Lightdm goes through PAM even when autologin is enabled. You must make sure that
+
=== Long pause before LightDM shows up when home is encrypted ===
PAM allows the login without prompting for a password.
 
  
Create a new group called, say, {{ic|autologin}} and add yourself to the group:
+
Some LightDM themes try to access the user avatar located in HOME. If your HOME is encrypted, LightDM cannot access it and hangs. To prevent this from happening, you can either:
  groupadd autologin
 
  gpasswd -a ''username'' autologin
 
  
Edit {{ic|/etc/pam.d/lightdm-autologin}} and locate the line "auth required pam_unix.so". Add new lines before and after it so that the section now reads:
+
* Set your avatar as explained in [[#Changing your avatar]]
  auth [success=1 default=ignore] pam_succeed_if.so user ingroup autologin
+
* for {{Pkg|lightdm-gtk-greeter}} only: {{Ic|<nowiki>hide-user-image = true</nowiki>}} in {{Ic|/etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf}}
  auth required pam_unix.so
 
  auth optional pam_permit.so
 
  
This ensures that the user will not be asked for a password when logging in through Lightdm autologin.
+
=== Boot hangs on "[  OK  ] Reached target Graphical Interface."  ===
  
=== NumLock ON ===
+
There is a possibility that user and group lookups fail if you modified /etc/nsswitch.conf. That happens when:
Install the {{ic|numlockx}} package and the edit {{ic| /etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf}} adding the following line:
 
greeter-setup-script=/usr/bin/numlockx on
 
  
=== User switching under xfce4 ===
+
* nsswitch.conf group: includes  {{Ic|<nowiki>ldap</nowiki>}} without setting {{Ic|<nowiki>nss_initgroups_ignoreusers ALLLOCAL</nowiki>}} in {{Ic|<nowiki>/etc/nslcd.conf</nowiki>}}
With the release of xfce4 v4.10, user switching is supported natively. To use it with lightdm, users need only to create a symlink:
 
  
# ln -s /usr/lib/lightdm/lightdm/gdmflexiserver /usr/bin/gdmflexiserver
+
== See also ==
  
Alternatively, see the [[XScreenSaver#Lightdm]] article.
+
* [https://wiki.ubuntu.com/LightDM Ubuntu Wiki article]
 +
* [http://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/LightDM Gentoo Wiki article]
 +
* [https://launchpad.net/lightdm Launchpad Page] obsolete
 +
* [http://www.mattfischer.com/blog/?tag=lightdm LightDM blog]
 +
* [https://github.com/CanonicalLtd/lightdm LightDM on GitHub]

Latest revision as of 00:00, 15 November 2018

LightDM is a cross-desktop display manager. Its key features are:

  • Cross-desktop - supports different desktop technologies.
  • Supports different display technologies (X, Mir, Wayland ...).
  • Lightweight - low memory usage and high performance.
  • Supports guest sessions.
  • Supports remote login (incoming - XDMCP, VNC, outgoing - XDMCP, pluggable).
  • Comprehensive test suite.
  • Low code complexity.

More details about LightDM's design can be found here.

Installation

Install the lightdm package.

Tip: Stable releases are even-numbered (1.8, 1.10) while development releases are odd-numbered (1.9, 1.11). These development releases are available with lightdm-develAUR. Also available is lightdm-gitAUR.

Greeter

You will probably want to install a greeter. A greeter is a GUI that prompts the user for credentials, lets the user select a session, and so on. It is possible to use LightDM without a greeter, but only if an automatic login is configured, otherwise you will need to install xorg-server and one of the greeter packages below.

The official repositories contain the following greeters:

Other alternative greeters are available in the AUR:

You can set the default greeter by changing the [Seat:*] section of the LightDM configuration file, like so:

/etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf
[Seat:*]
...
greeter-session=lightdm-yourgreeter-greeter
...

One way to check which greeters are available is to list the files in the /usr/share/xgreeters directory; each .desktop file represents an available greeter. In this example, the lightdm-gtk-greeter and lightdm-kde-greeter greeters are available:

$ ls -1 /usr/share/xgreeters/
lightdm-gtk-greeter.desktop
lightdm-kde-greeter.desktop

Enabling LightDM

Make sure to enable lightdm.service so LightDM will be started at boot, see also Display manager#Loading the display manager.

Command line tool

LightDM offers a command line tool, dm-tool, which can be used to lock the current seat, switch sessions, etc, which is useful with 'minimalist' window managers and for testing. To see a list of available commands, execute:

$ dm-tool --help

User switching

Tango-inaccurate.pngThe factual accuracy of this article or section is disputed.Tango-inaccurate.png

Reason: Is this warning inappropriate? Don't dm-tool lock and dm-tool switch-to-greeter do the equivalent of calling loginctl lock-session? If your screen locker doesn't register with logind then there's nothing dm-tool ... can do - but that's not LightDM's fault. This issue is well known and touched upon here and here. (Discuss in Talk:LightDM#)
Warning: The use of lightDM's built-in screen lockers like dm-tool lock or dm-tool switch-to-greeter are not recommended. Use light-locker or something from List of applications/Security#Screen lockers.

LightDM's dm-tool command can be used to allow multiple users to be logged in on separate ttys. The following will send a signal requesting that the current session be locked and then will initiate a switch to LightDM's greeter, allowing a new user to log in to the system.

$ dm-tool switch-to-greeter

Testing

First, install xorg-server-xephyr from the official repositories.

Then, run LightDM as an X application:

$ lightdm --test-mode --debug

Optional configuration and tweaks

LightDM can be configured by modifying its config file, /etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf.

Some greeters have their own configuration files. For example:

lightdm-gtk-greeter: /etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf

lightdm-webkit2-greeter: /etc/lightdm/lightdm-webkit2-greeter.conf

lightdm-kde-greeter[broken link: package not found]: /etc/lightdm/lightdm-kde-greeter.conf

X session wrapper

If you are migrating from xinit, you will notice that the display is not launched by your shell. This is because, as opposed to your shell starting the display (and the display inheriting the environment of your shell), LightDM starts your display and does not source your shell. LightDM launches the display by running a wrapper script and that finally exec's your graphic environment. By default, /etc/lightdm/Xsessions.conf is run.

Environment variables

The script checks and sources /etc/profile, ~/.profile, /etc/xprofile and ~/.xprofile, in that order. If you are using a shell that does not source any of these files, you can create an ~/.xprofile to do so. (In this example, the login shell is zsh)

~/.xprofile
#!/bin/sh
[[ -f ~/.config/zsh/.zshenv ]] && source ~/.config/zsh/.zshenv

If you have shell variables that are important for your display (such as Gtk or QT themes, GNUPG location, config overrides, etc.) this will let your graphic environment have access to your environment without having to be launched by your login shell.

Keymap

The script runs Xkbmap with arguments provided in files /etc/X11/Xkbmap, ~/.Xkbmap. If those files are not found, it runs xmodmap with /etc/X11/Xmodmap, ~/.Xmodmap. If using xkbmap, the files are parsed using cat. The following example works

~/.xprofile
-model pc105 -layout us,us,tr -variant ,dvorak,f -option grp:caps_toggle

Changing background images/colors

You can set the background to a hex color or an image. Some greeters offer more robust background options like background selection from the login screen, random backgrounds, etc.

GTK+ greeter

You can use the lightdm-gtk-greeter-settings gui.

Users wishing to customize the wallpaper on the greeter screen need to edit /etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf and define the background variable under the [greeter] section. For example:

/etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf
[greeter]
background=/usr/share/pixmaps/black_and_white_photography-wallpaper-1920x1080.jpg
Note: It is recommended to place the PNG or JPG file in /usr/share/pixmaps since the LightDM user needs read access to the wallpaper file.
GTK3 Theme

GTK3 themes can be specified with the theme-name variable in the [greeter] section of /etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf For example, theme-name=Adwaita-dark.

Webkit2 greeter

The lightdm-webkit2-greeter allows you to choose a background image directly on the login screen. It also offers an option to display a random image each time it starts if you use the Material theme. By default, images are sourced from /usr/share/backgrounds. You can change the background images directory by editing lightdm-webkit2-greeter.conf. For example:

/etc/lightdm/lightdm-webkit2-greeter.conf
[branding]
background_images = /usr/share/backgrounds
Note: The background images directory must be accessible to the LightDM user so it should not be located anywhere under /home.

Unity greeter

Users using the lightdm-unity-greeterAUR must edit the /usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas/com.canonical.unity-greeter.gschema.xml file and then execute:

# glib-compile-schemas /usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas/

According to this page.

KDE greeter

Go to System Settings > Login Screen (LightDM) and change the background image for your theme.

Alternatively, you can edit the Background variable in lightdm-kde-greeter.conf :

/etc/lightdm/lightdm-kde-greeter.conf
[greeter]
theme-name=classic

[greeter-settings]
Background=/usr/share/archlinux/wallpaper/archlinux-underground.jpg
BackgroundKeepAspectRatio=true
GreetMessage=Welcome to %hostname%

Slick Greeter

Use the lightdm-settingsAUR GUI

Changing your avatar

Tip: If you are using KDE, you can change your avatar in KDE System Settings.

First, make sure the accountsservice package from the official repositories is installed, then set it up as follows, replacing username with the desired user's login name.

  • Create the file /var/lib/AccountsService/icons/username.png using a 96x96 PNG image file. Different image file formats are possible too, e.g., JPEG.
  • Edit or create the account settings file /var/lib/AccountsService/users/username, and add the lines
[User]
Icon=/var/lib/AccountsService/icons/username.png

The filename here should point to the icon created in the first step, so adjust the filename extension if necessary.

Note: Make sure that both created files have 644 permissions, use chmod to correct them.

Sources of Arch-centric 64x64 icons

The archlinux-artworkAUR package contains some nice examples that install to /usr/share/archlinux/icons and that can be copied to /usr/share/icons/hicolor/64x64/devices as follows:

# find /usr/share/archlinux/icons -name "*64*" -exec cp {} /usr/share/icons/hicolor/64x64/devices \;

After copying, the archlinux-artworkAUR package can be removed.

Enabling autologin

Edit the LightDM configuration file and ensure these lines are uncommented and correctly configured:

/etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf
[Seat:*]
autologin-user=username

You must be part of the autologin group to be able to login automatically without entering your password:

# groupadd -r autologin
# gpasswd -a username autologin

LightDM logs in using the session specified in the ~/.dmrc of the user getting logged in automatically. To override this file, specify autologin-session in lightdm.conf:

/etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf
[Seat:*]
autologin-user=username
autologin-session=session

You will also need to ensure you have the accountsservice package installed, otherwise LightDM will fail to start, and running it from the command line will show Error getting user list from org.freedesktop.Accounts.

Note: GNOME users, and by extension any gnome-keyring user will have to set up a blank password to their keyring for it to be unlocked automatically.

Enabling interactive passwordless login

LightDM goes through PAM so you must configure the lightdm configuration of PAM:

/etc/pam.d/lightdm
#%PAM-1.0
auth        sufficient  pam_succeed_if.so user ingroup nopasswdlogin
auth        include     system-login
...

You must then also be part of the nopasswdlogin group to be able to login interactively without entering your password:

# groupadd -r nopasswdlogin
# gpasswd -a username nopasswdlogin
Note: GNOME users, and by extension any gnome-keyring user may have to follow the instructions at the end of the previous section on enabling autologin.

To create a new user account that logs in automatically and additionally able to login again without a password the user can be created with supplementary membership of both groups, e.g.:

# useradd -mG autologin,nopasswdlogin -s /bin/bash username

Hiding system and services users

To prevent system users from showing-up in the login, install the optional dependency accountsservice, or add the user names to /etc/lightdm/users.conf under hidden-users. The first option has the advantage of not needing to update the list when more users are added or removed.

Migrating from SLiM

Merge-arrows-2.pngThis article or section is a candidate for merging with Display Manager.Merge-arrows-2.png

Notes: Not LightDM specific (or even SLiM specific for that matter as XDM also uses xinitrc). Perhaps this merits a one-liner somewhere on the Display Manager page? (Discuss in Talk:LightDM#)

Move the contents of xinitrc to xprofile, removing the call to start the window manager or desktop environment.

Login using ~/.xinitrc

See Display manager#Run ~/.xinitrc as a session.

NumLock on by default

Install the numlockx package and then edit /etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf:

/etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf
[Seat:*]
greeter-setup-script=/usr/bin/numlockx on

Default session

Lightdm, like other DMs, stores the last-selected xsession in ~/.dmrc. See Display manager#Session configuration for more info.

Adjusting the login window's position

GTK+ greeter

Users need to edit /etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf and enter a value for the position variable. It accepts x and y values, either absolute (in pixels) or relative (in percent). Each value can also have an additional anchor location for the window, start, center and end separated from the value by a comma.

Example:

position=200,start 50%,center

VNC Server

Lightdm can also be used to connect to via VNC. Make sure to install tigervnc on the server side and optionally as your VNC client on the client PC.

Setup an authentication password on the server as root:

# vncpasswd /etc/vncpasswd

Edit the LightDM configuration file as shown below. Note that listen-address configures the VNC to only listen to connections from localhost. This is used to only allow connections via SSH and port forwarding. On the SSH client, make sure that you use localhost:5900 for the tunnel destination; using 127.0.0.1:5900 or ::1:5900 is not reliable on dual stack network connections. If you want to allow insecure connections you can disable this setting.

/etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf
[VNCServer]
enabled=true
command=Xvnc -rfbauth /etc/vncpasswd
port=5900
listen-address=localhost
width=1024
height=768
depth=24

Now open an SSH tunnel and connect to localhost as described in TigerVNC#On the client.

Note: If you get a blank screen upon opening the VNC connection, try a different LightDM greeter.

Lock the screen using light-locker

light-locker is a simple screen locker using LightDM to authenticate the user. Once it is installed and running you can lock your session using

$ light-locker-command -l

This requires light-locker to be started at the beginning of your session - see Autostarting.

Troubleshooting

If you encounter consistent screen flashing and ultimately no LightDM on boot, ensure that you have defined the greeter correctly in LightDM's config file. And if you have correctly defined the GTK greeter, make sure the xsessions-directory (default: /usr/share/xsessions) exists and contains at least one .desktop file.

The same error can happen on lightdm startup if the last used session is not available anymore (eg. you last used gnome and then removed the gnome-session package): the easiest workaround is to temporarily restore the removed package. Another solution might be:

# dbus-send --system --type=method_call --print-reply --dest=org.freedesktop.Accounts /org/freedesktop/Accounts/User1000 org.freedesktop.Accounts.User.SetXSession string:xfce

This example sets the session "xfce" as default for the user 1000.

Wrong locale displayed

In case of your locale not being displayed correctly in Lightdm add your locale to /etc/environment

 LANG=pt_PT.utf8

Alternatively if you want LightDM and its greeters to be in a language other than your set system locale, you can use the Environment= option in Systemd#Drop-in files.

Missing icons with GTK greeter

If you are using lightdm-gtk-greeter as a greeter and it shows placeholder images as icons, make sure valid icon themes and themes are installed and configured. Check the following file:

/etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf
[greeter]
theme-name=mate      # this should be the name of a directory under /usr/share/themes/
icon-theme-name=mate # this should be the name of a fully featured icons set directory under /usr/share/icons/

LightDM freezes on login attempt

You may find that after entering the correct username and password and attempting to log in, LightDM freezes and you are unable to continue to the desktop. To fix the issue, reinstall the gdk-pixbuf2 package. See this forum thread.

LightDM displaying in wrong monitor

If you are using multiple monitors, LightDM may display in the wrong one (e.g. if your primary monitor is on the right). To force the LightDM login screen to display on a specific monitor, edit /etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf and change the display-setup-script parameter like this:

/etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf
display-setup-script=xrandr --output HDMI1 --primary

Replace HDMI1 with your real monitor ID, which you can find from xrandr command output.

Alternatively, if you are using the GTK+ greeter, you can edit /etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf and add the active-monitor parameter like this:

/etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf
[greeter]
active-monitor=0

Replace 0 with the desired display number.

LightDM does not appear or monitor only displays TTY output

It may happen that your system boots so fast that LightDM service is started before your graphics drivers are properly loaded. If this is your case, you will want to add the following config to your lightdm.conf file:

   [LightDM]
   logind-check-graphical=true

This setting will tell LightDM to wait until graphics devices are ready before spawning greeters/autostarting sessions on them.

LightDM is running with low FPS on Intel Graphics

In case you are using Intel Graphics it may happen that you have low FPS.

Add the option AccelMethod to uxa in your xorg configuration file.

/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-intel.conf
Section "Device"
        Identifier "intel"
        Driver "intel"
        BusID "PCI:0:2:0"
        Option "AccelMethod" "sna"
        Option "TearFree" "true"
EndSection

Pulseaudio not starting automatically

See PulseAudio#Running.

Long pause before LightDM shows up when home is encrypted

Some LightDM themes try to access the user avatar located in HOME. If your HOME is encrypted, LightDM cannot access it and hangs. To prevent this from happening, you can either:

Boot hangs on "[ OK ] Reached target Graphical Interface."

There is a possibility that user and group lookups fail if you modified /etc/nsswitch.conf. That happens when:

  • nsswitch.conf group: includes ldap without setting nss_initgroups_ignoreusers ALLLOCAL in /etc/nslcd.conf

See also