Difference between revisions of "Lighttpd"

From ArchWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m (server.indexfiles is depreciated and has been replaced by index-file.names)
(update templates, see Help:Style + depreciated -> deprecated)
Line 11: Line 11:
 
==Configuration==
 
==Configuration==
 
===Basic Setup===
 
===Basic Setup===
The lighttpd configuration file is: {{Filename|/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf}}. By default it should produce a working test page.  
+
The lighttpd configuration file is: {{ic|/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf}}. By default it should produce a working test page.  
  
To check your {{filename|lighttpd.conf}} for bugs you can use this command - helps finding misconfigurations very fast:
+
To check your {{ic|lighttpd.conf}} for bugs you can use this command - helps finding misconfigurations very fast:
  
 
  $ lighttpd -t -f /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf
 
  $ lighttpd -t -f /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf
  
The default configuration file specifies {{Filename|/srv/http/}} as the document directory served.
+
The default configuration file specifies {{ic|/srv/http/}} as the document directory served.
  
It may be necessary to add a user and group for http if you do not already have one. That user needs to have write permissions to {{Filename|/var/log/lighttpd}} as well, so we will make it the owner of the folder:
+
It may be necessary to add a user and group for http if you do not already have one. That user needs to have write permissions to {{ic|/var/log/lighttpd}} as well, so we will make it the owner of the folder:
 
  # groupadd http
 
  # groupadd http
 
  # adduser http
 
  # adduser http
Line 32: Line 32:
 
Then point your browser to localhost, and you should see the test page.
 
Then point your browser to localhost, and you should see the test page.
  
You may want to add lighttpd to the daemons list in {{Filename|/etc/rc.conf}} to start the server on boot.
+
You may want to add lighttpd to the daemons list in {{ic|/etc/rc.conf}} to start the server on boot.
  
 
Example configuration files are available in {{ic|/usr/share/doc/lighttpd/}}.
 
Example configuration files are available in {{ic|/usr/share/doc/lighttpd/}}.
Line 43: Line 43:
 
{{Box Note | New default user and group: Instead of group "nobody" lighttpd now runs as user/group "http" by default.}}
 
{{Box Note | New default user and group: Instead of group "nobody" lighttpd now runs as user/group "http" by default.}}
  
The following needs adding to the config file, {{filename|/etc/lighttpd/conf.d/fastcgi.conf}}
+
The following needs adding to the config file, {{ic|/etc/lighttpd/conf.d/fastcgi.conf}}
 
  server.modules += ( "mod_fastcgi" )
 
  server.modules += ( "mod_fastcgi" )
 
   
 
   
  #server.indexfiles += ( "dispatch.fcgi" ) #this is depreciated
+
  #server.indexfiles += ( "dispatch.fcgi" ) #this is deprecated
 
  index-file.names += ( "dispatch.fcgi" ) #dispatch.fcgi if rails specified
 
  index-file.names += ( "dispatch.fcgi" ) #dispatch.fcgi if rails specified
  
Line 59: Line 59:
 
  )
 
  )
  
Then in {{filename|/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf}}:
+
Then in {{ic|/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf}}:
 
  include "conf.d/fastcgi.conf"
 
  include "conf.d/fastcgi.conf"
  
Line 77: Line 77:
 
If you get a similar output then php is installed correctly.
 
If you get a similar output then php is installed correctly.
  
{{Note|Please keep in mind if you receive errors like ''No input file found'' after attempting to access your php files then make sure {{filename|/etc/php/php.ini}} has the directives enabled:}}
+
{{Note|Please keep in mind if you receive errors like ''No input file found'' after attempting to access your php files then make sure {{ic|/etc/php/php.ini}} has the directives enabled:}}
 
  cgi.fix_pathinfo=1
 
  cgi.fix_pathinfo=1
 
  open_basedir = /srv/http/:/home/:/tmp/:/usr/share/pear/:/another/path:/second/path
 
  open_basedir = /srv/http/:/home/:/tmp/:/usr/share/pear/:/another/path:/second/path
Line 83: Line 83:
 
  # chmod -R 755
 
  # chmod -R 755
  
In {{filename|/etc/lighttpd/conf.d/fastcgi.conf}} add:
+
In {{ic|/etc/lighttpd/conf.d/fastcgi.conf}} add:
 
  server.modules += ( "mod_fastcgi" )
 
  server.modules += ( "mod_fastcgi" )
 
   
 
   
  #server.indexfiles += ( "index.php" ) #this is depreciated
+
  #server.indexfiles += ( "index.php" ) #this is deprecated
 
  index-file.names += ( "index.php" )
 
  index-file.names += ( "index.php" )
  
Line 102: Line 102:
 
  )
 
  )
  
Then in {{filename|/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf}}:
+
Then in {{ic|/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf}}:
 
  include "conf.d/fastcgi.conf"
 
  include "conf.d/fastcgi.conf"
  
 
==== Using php-fpm ====
 
==== Using php-fpm ====
  
There is no adaptive spawning anymore in recent lighttpd releases. For dynamic management of PHP processes, you can use {{Package Official|php-fpm}}.
+
There is no adaptive spawning anymore in recent lighttpd releases. For dynamic management of PHP processes, you can use {{Pkg|php-fpm}}.
 
  # pacman -S php-fpm
 
  # pacman -S php-fpm
 
  # rc.d start php-fpm
 
  # rc.d start php-fpm
{{Note|You can configure the number of servers in the pool and tweak other configuration options by editing the file {{Filename|/etc/php/php-fpm.conf}}.  More details on ''php-fpm'' can be found on the [http://php-fpm.anight.org/ php-fpm website]. You should also note that when you make changes to /etc/php/php.ini you will need to restart php-fpm}}
+
{{Note|You can configure the number of servers in the pool and tweak other configuration options by editing the file {{ic|/etc/php/php-fpm.conf}}.  More details on ''php-fpm'' can be found on the [http://php-fpm.anight.org/ php-fpm website]. You should also note that when you make changes to /etc/php/php.ini you will need to restart php-fpm}}
  
In {{filename|/etc/lighttpd/conf.d/fastcgi.conf}} add:
+
In {{ic|/etc/lighttpd/conf.d/fastcgi.conf}} add:
 
  server.modules += ( "mod_fastcgi" )
 
  server.modules += ( "mod_fastcgi" )
 
   
 
   
Line 128: Line 128:
 
Install and configure FastCGI. (See [[#FastCGI]] above.)
 
Install and configure FastCGI. (See [[#FastCGI]] above.)
  
Install [[ruby]] from [extra] and {{Package AUR|ruby-fcgi}} from [[AUR]].
+
Install [[ruby]] from [extra] and {{AUR|ruby-fcgi}} from [[AUR]].
  
 
Follow instructions on [[RubyOnRails]].
 
Follow instructions on [[RubyOnRails]].
Line 154: Line 154:
 
  # chmod 600 /etc/lighttpd/certs/www.example.com.pem
 
  # chmod 600 /etc/lighttpd/certs/www.example.com.pem
  
Edit {{Filename|/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf}}.
+
Edit {{ic|/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf}}.
 
To make lighttpd SSL-only (you probably need to set the server port to 443 as well)
 
To make lighttpd SSL-only (you probably need to set the server port to 443 as well)
 
  ssl.engine = "enable"  
 
  ssl.engine = "enable"  
Line 190: Line 190:
  
 
=== Redirect HTTP requests to HTTPS ===
 
=== Redirect HTTP requests to HTTPS ===
You should add "mod_redirect" in server.modules array in {{Filename|/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf}}:
+
You should add "mod_redirect" in server.modules array in {{ic|/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf}}:
 
  server.modules              = (
 
  server.modules              = (
 
                                       ...
 
                                       ...
Line 226: Line 226:
 
== Output Compression ==
 
== Output Compression ==
  
In {{filename|/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf}} add
+
In {{ic|/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf}} add
 
  var.cache_dir          = "/var/cache/lighttpd"
 
  var.cache_dir          = "/var/cache/lighttpd"
 
Then create directory for a compressed files:
 
Then create directory for a compressed files:
Line 234: Line 234:
 
  # mkdir /etc/lighttpd/conf.d
 
  # mkdir /etc/lighttpd/conf.d
 
  # cp /usr/share/doc/lighttpd/config/conf.d/compress.conf /etc/lighttpd/conf.d/
 
  # cp /usr/share/doc/lighttpd/config/conf.d/compress.conf /etc/lighttpd/conf.d/
Add following in {{filename|/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf}}:
+
Add following in {{ic|/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf}}:
 
  include "conf.d/compress.conf"
 
  include "conf.d/compress.conf"
{{Box Note | You can not do this (copy compress.conf) and add a needed content in {{filename|/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf}} instead.}}
+
{{Box Note | You can not do this (copy compress.conf) and add a needed content in {{ic|/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf}} instead.}}
  
 
==Troubleshooting==
 
==Troubleshooting==
 
=== Lighttpd downloads .php files ===
 
=== Lighttpd downloads .php files ===
If lighttpd downloads {{filename|.php}} files instead of "initializing" them you probably missed to add these lines to your {{Filename|/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf}}.
+
If lighttpd downloads {{ic|.php}} files instead of "initializing" them you probably missed to add these lines to your {{ic|/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf}}.
  
<pre>
+
{{bc|1=
 
server.modules = (
 
server.modules = (
 
                   "mod_fastcgi",
 
                   "mod_fastcgi",
Line 261: Line 261:
 
                 )))
 
                 )))
  
</pre>
+
}}
  
 
=== Styles (CSS) not working properly ===
 
=== Styles (CSS) not working properly ===
 
The default lighttpd config does not include a mimetype definition for CSS so when standards compliant browsers get text/html instead of text/css they get confused and nothing displays properly. To fix this add an entry for CSS.
 
The default lighttpd config does not include a mimetype definition for CSS so when standards compliant browsers get text/html instead of text/css they get confused and nothing displays properly. To fix this add an entry for CSS.
  
<pre>
+
{{bc|1=
 
mimetype.assign = (
 
mimetype.assign = (
 
   ".html" => "text/html",
 
   ".html" => "text/html",
Line 274: Line 274:
 
   ".css" => "text/css"
 
   ".css" => "text/css"
 
)
 
)
</pre>
+
}}
 
New lines are not needed and are only used here for readability.
 
New lines are not needed and are only used here for readability.
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
 
* [http://redmine.lighttpd.net/projects/lighttpd/wiki Lighttpd wiki]
 
* [http://redmine.lighttpd.net/projects/lighttpd/wiki Lighttpd wiki]

Revision as of 12:47, 22 December 2011

This template has only maintenance purposes. For linking to local translations please use interlanguage links, see Help:i18n#Interlanguage links.


Local languages: Català – Dansk – English – Español – Esperanto – Hrvatski – Indonesia – Italiano – Lietuviškai – Magyar – Nederlands – Norsk Bokmål – Polski – Português – Slovenský – Česky – Ελληνικά – Български – Русский – Српски – Українська – עברית – العربية – ไทย – 日本語 – 正體中文 – 简体中文 – 한국어


External languages (all articles in these languages should be moved to the external wiki): Deutsch – Français – Română – Suomi – Svenska – Tiếng Việt – Türkçe – فارسی

Merge-arrows-2.pngThis article or section is a candidate for merging with Lighttpd For Both SSL And Non-SSL.Merge-arrows-2.png

Notes: please use the second argument of the template to provide more detailed indications. (Discuss in Talk:Lighttpd#)

Lighttpd is "a secure, fast, compliant, and very flexible web-server that has been optimized for high-performance environments. It has a very low memory footprint compared to other webservers and takes care of cpu-load. Its advanced feature-set (FastCGI, CGI, Auth, Output-Compression, URL-Rewriting and many more) make lighttpd the perfect webserver-software for every server that suffers load problems."

Installation

Lighttpd is available in the extra repository so:

# pacman -S lighttpd

Configuration

Basic Setup

The lighttpd configuration file is: /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf. By default it should produce a working test page.

To check your lighttpd.conf for bugs you can use this command - helps finding misconfigurations very fast:

$ lighttpd -t -f /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf

The default configuration file specifies /srv/http/ as the document directory served.

It may be necessary to add a user and group for http if you do not already have one. That user needs to have write permissions to /var/log/lighttpd as well, so we will make it the owner of the folder:

# groupadd http
# adduser http
# chown -R http /var/log/lighttpd

To test the install

# rc.d start lighttpd
# touch /srv/http/index.html
# chmod 755 /srv/http/index.html
# echo 'TestMe!' >> /srv/http/index.html

Then point your browser to localhost, and you should see the test page.

You may want to add lighttpd to the daemons list in /etc/rc.conf to start the server on boot.

Example configuration files are available in /usr/share/doc/lighttpd/.

FastCGI

Install fcgi

# pacman -S fcgi

Now you have lighttpd with fcgi support. If it was that what you wanted you are all set. People that want Ruby on Rails and/or PHP should continue. Template:Box Note

The following needs adding to the config file, /etc/lighttpd/conf.d/fastcgi.conf

server.modules += ( "mod_fastcgi" )

#server.indexfiles += ( "dispatch.fcgi" ) #this is deprecated
index-file.names += ( "dispatch.fcgi" ) #dispatch.fcgi if rails specified
server.error-handler-404   = "/dispatch.fcgi" #too
fastcgi.server = (
    ".fcgi" => (
      "localhost" => ( 
        "socket" => "/var/run/lighttpd/rails-fastcgi.sock",
        "bin-path" => "/path/to/rails/application/public/dispatch.fcgi"
      )
    )
)

Then in /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf:

include "conf.d/fastcgi.conf"

For PHP or Ruby on Rails see the next sections.

PHP

Install php and required modules (see also PHP and LAMP):

# pacman -S php php-cgi

Check that php-cgi is working php-cgi --version

PHP 5.3.1 with Suhosin-Patch (cgi-fcgi) (built: Nov 23 2009 21:12:29)
Copyright (c) 1997-2009 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v2.3.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2009 Zend Technologies

If you get a similar output then php is installed correctly.

Note: Please keep in mind if you receive errors like No input file found after attempting to access your php files then make sure /etc/php/php.ini has the directives enabled:
cgi.fix_pathinfo=1
open_basedir = /srv/http/:/home/:/tmp/:/usr/share/pear/:/another/path:/second/path

And that the files are world readable,

# chmod -R 755

In /etc/lighttpd/conf.d/fastcgi.conf add:

server.modules += ( "mod_fastcgi" )

#server.indexfiles += ( "index.php" ) #this is deprecated
index-file.names += ( "index.php" )
fastcgi.server = (
    ".php" => (
      "localhost" => ( 
        "bin-path" => "/usr/bin/php-cgi",
        "socket" => "/var/run/lighttpd/php-fastcgi.sock",
        "max-procs" => 4, # default value
        "bin-environment" => (
          "PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN" => "1", # default value
        ),
        "broken-scriptfilename" => "enable"
      ))
)

Then in /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf:

include "conf.d/fastcgi.conf"

Using php-fpm

There is no adaptive spawning anymore in recent lighttpd releases. For dynamic management of PHP processes, you can use php-fpm.

# pacman -S php-fpm
# rc.d start php-fpm
Note: You can configure the number of servers in the pool and tweak other configuration options by editing the file /etc/php/php-fpm.conf. More details on php-fpm can be found on the php-fpm website. You should also note that when you make changes to /etc/php/php.ini you will need to restart php-fpm

In /etc/lighttpd/conf.d/fastcgi.conf add:

server.modules += ( "mod_fastcgi" )

index-file.names += ( "index.php" ) 

fastcgi.server = (
    ".php" => (
      "localhost" => ( 
        "socket" => "/var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock",
        "broken-scriptfilename" => "enable"
      ))
)

Ruby on Rails

Install and configure FastCGI. (See #FastCGI above.)

Install ruby from [extra] and ruby-fcgiAUR from AUR.

Follow instructions on RubyOnRails.

Python FastCGI

Install flup

# pacman -S python-flup

Configure:

fastcgi.server = (
    ".py" =>
    (
        "python-fcgi" =>
        (
         "socket" => socket_dir + "fastcgi.python.socket",
         "bin-path" => "test.py",
         "check-local" => "disable",
         "max-procs" => 1,
        )
    ))

SSL

Generate an SSL Cert, e.g. like that:

# mkdir /etc/lighttpd/certs
# openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 7300 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout /etc/lighttpd/certs/www.example.com.pem -out /etc/lighttpd/certs/www.example.com.pem
# chmod 600 /etc/lighttpd/certs/www.example.com.pem

Edit /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf. To make lighttpd SSL-only (you probably need to set the server port to 443 as well)

ssl.engine = "enable" 
ssl.pemfile = "/etc/lighttpd/certs/www.example.com.pem"

To enable SSL in addition to normal HTTP

$SERVER["socket"] == ":443" {
    ssl.engine                  = "enable" 
    ssl.pemfile                 = "/etc/lighttpd/certs/www.example.com.pem" 
 }

If you want to serve different sites, you can change the document root inside the socket conditional:

$SERVER["socket"] == ":443" {
    server.document-root = "/srv/ssl" # use your ssl directory here
    ssl.engine                 = "enable"
    ssl.pemfile                = "/etc/lighttpd/certs/www.example.com.pem"  # use the path where you created your pem file
 }

or as alternative you can use the scheme conditional to distinguish between secure and normal requests.

$HTTP["scheme"] == "https" {
    server.document-root = "/srv/ssl" # use your ssl directory here
    ssl.engine                 = "enable"
    ssl.pemfile                = "/etc/lighttpd/certs/www.example.com.pem"  # use the path where you created your pem file
 }

Note that you cannot use the scheme conditional around ssl.engine above, since lighttpd needs to know on what port to enable SSL.

Server Name Indication

To use SNI with lighttpd, simply put additional ssl.pemfile configuration directives inside host conditionals. It seems a default ssl.pemfile is still required, though.

$HTTP["host"] == "www.example.org" {
        ssl.pemfile = "/etc/lighttpd/certs/www.example.org.pem" 
    }
$HTTP["host"] == "mail.example.org" {
        ssl.pemfile = "/etc/lighttpd/certs/mail.example.org.pem" 
    }

Redirect HTTP requests to HTTPS

You should add "mod_redirect" in server.modules array in /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf:

server.modules              = (
                                     ...
                                "mod_redirect", 
                                     ...
}
$SERVER["socket"] == ":80" {
  $HTTP["host"] =~ "example.org" {
    url.redirect = ( "^/(.*)" => "https://example.org/$1" )
    server.name                 = "example.org" 
  }
}
$SERVER["socket"] == ":443" {
  ssl.engine = "enable" 
  ssl.pemfile = "/etc/lighttpd/ssl/server.pem" 
  server.document-root = "..." 
}

To redirect all hosts to their secure equivalents use the following in place of the socket 80 configuration above:

$SERVER["socket"] == ":80" {
  $HTTP["host"] =~ "(.*)" {
    url.redirect = ( "^/(.*)" => "https://%1/$1" )
  }
}

To redirect all hosts for part of the site (e.g. secure or phpmyadmin):

$SERVER["socket"] == ":80" {
  $HTTP["url"] =~ "^/secure" {
    url.redirect = ( "^/(.*)" => "https://example.com/$1" )
  }
}

Output Compression

In /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf add

var.cache_dir           = "/var/cache/lighttpd"

Then create directory for a compressed files:

# mkdir /var/cache/lighttpd/compress
# chown http:http /var/cache/lighttpd/compress

Copy example configuration file:

# mkdir /etc/lighttpd/conf.d
# cp /usr/share/doc/lighttpd/config/conf.d/compress.conf /etc/lighttpd/conf.d/

Add following in /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf:

include "conf.d/compress.conf"

Template:Box Note

Troubleshooting

Lighttpd downloads .php files

If lighttpd downloads .php files instead of "initializing" them you probably missed to add these lines to your /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf.

server.modules = (
                   "mod_fastcgi",
                 )

fastcgi.server = ( ".php" => ((
                     "bin-path" => "/usr/bin/php-cgi", #depends where your php-cgi has been installed. Default here.
                     "socket" => "/tmp/php.socket",
                     "max-procs" => 2,
                     "bin-environment" => (
                       "PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN" => "16",
                       "PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS" => "10000"
                     ),
                     "bin-copy-environment" => (
                       "PATH", "SHELL", "USER"
                     ),
                     "broken-scriptfilename" => "enable"
                 )))

Styles (CSS) not working properly

The default lighttpd config does not include a mimetype definition for CSS so when standards compliant browsers get text/html instead of text/css they get confused and nothing displays properly. To fix this add an entry for CSS.

mimetype.assign	= (
  ".html" => "text/html",
  ".txt" => "text/plain",
  ".jpg" => "image/jpeg",
  ".png" => "image/png",
  ".css" => "text/css"
)

New lines are not needed and are only used here for readability.

See also