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Revision as of 09:21, 9 November 2009 by Graysky (talk | contribs) (Features)
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LinHES (Linux Home Entertainment System) is a distribution heavily based on Arch, centered around MythTV designed for Home Theater PCs (HTPCs) use. The expressed goal of LinHES is to provide a HES-appliance feel to your HTPC. Most if not all of the system configuration and operation can be accomplished via your remote control. Users can go from a blank system to a fully functional MythTV system in 15-20 minutes.

  • Current stable release: R6.01.00 (26-Sep-09)
  • Creator/lead developer: Cecil Watson
  • Pkg Maintainers/developers: Greg Frost, James Meyer, Nathan Harris


  • Installation and setup are relatively trivial
  • Major features aside from MythTV are preconfigured (SAMBA, sshd, x11vnc, webmin, litehttpd, lirc, etc.)
  • Comprehensive "Auto Upgrade" (along with backup scripts) makes upgrading to future releases of LinHES less problematic
  • Live Frontend allows users to run a front-end on any machine live from the CD
  • User support forums
  • Partial automation of Australian EPG setup
  • Native [ VDPAU] support for both MythTV and mplayer
  • Native support for many popular SDTV/HDTV capture hardware
  • Native XBMC support
  • Native support for a large number of remote controls
  • Hulu desktop option
  • Packages for Mythtv-0.22

Brief History

The predecessor to LinHES is Knoppmyth (KM). As its name implies, the initial releases of Knoppmyth were based on Knoppix, but the latest incarnations are not, although the brand-name "KnoppMyth" has been retained. From the knoppmyth wiki:

"Knoppix itself is an adaptation of the Debian Linux distribution, Knoppmyth therefore is another project that has spiralled off into its own domain. These days it would be more correct to call KnoppMyth a specialized and heavily customized Debian derivative, as there is very little Knoppix left."

The first release of KM was on 09-Aug-2003 (R1) and was based on MythTV 0.10. The latest stable incarnation of KM is R5.5 which was released on 06-Jul-2008 and is based on MythTV 0.21.2. The first release of LinHES (R6) went gold (stable) on the 26-Sept-2009, version R6.01.00 being officially released.

Both LinHES and KM can be installed and function on almost any "modern" computer. There are a set of components that constitute the so-called, "Knoppmyth Reference Platform" which is nothing more than a set of hardware that is known and certified to work out-of-the-box with KM. The hardware specifications are completely open and published [here].

Development on KM has halted and all efforts are focusing on LinHES. That said, KM R5.5 is still a very robust Mythtv-Distro.

Version History of KM/LinHES

Since the first release in 2003, there have been about a dozen major and minor versions of KM.

  • 09-26-09 R6 goes gold, version R6.01.00 officially released
  • 08-14-09 Pre-Release R6.00.09 of LinHES
  • 7-6-08 Release 5.5 "Bone Marrow"
Uses a snapshot of Debian Unstable and the 2.6.23-chw-4 kernel
  • 5-11-07 Release 5 Final 1 "Farewell days of my youth"
  • 11-3-03 Release 4 "CoCo2"
Upgraded to MythTV 0.12
  • 9-01-2003 Release 3 "Each of these my three babies"
The CD can now be use as a front-end
  • 08-25-2003 Release 2 "Chicago, Chicago"
Updated to MythTV 0.11
  • 08-08-2003 Release 1 "You better Belize it!"
Based on Knoppix 07-26-2003 and MythTV 0.10

Required Hardware

A LinHES system can use most modern and "semi-modern" hardware. Some users reported a fully functional system driven by an antiquated AMD Athlon/nforce2 CPU/MB. For HD-playback one will need a more powerful CPU or a GPU capable of VDPAU such as an NVIDIA 8400GS, 9500GT, or GF 210. For a complete table of NVIDIA cards and their VDPAU support, see [this] table.

LinHES can also run in a virtual machine (verified to work in Virtual Box v3.0.10).

R6 Installation Walk-through (Brief)

Boot the LinHES CD or USB media which are both available via FTP download [here].

  • Screen 1: Select the "Install or Upgrade" option. If upgrading, you will go directly to screen 10 and everything will be processed automatically based on your backups.
Warning: If upgrading from an R5.x box, make sure that you run the mythbackup script before you continue.
  • Screen 2: Select a target file-system
  • Screen 3: Select the type of install (Full/auto or Upgrade). Also assign partition sizes for the OS, swap, and data partitions. The defaults should be fine. Users can also select which file-system format is used. Currently the default is for ext3, but other options such as ext4/RFS/XFS are also available.
  • Screen 4: Assign a host-name
Note: Make sure you are satisfied with the host-name you select since you cannot easily change it after the installation due to a number of other configuration files/mysql tables that will depend on it.
  • Screen 5: Setup the network options. Users may select from wired or wireless configurations with all the standard options such as dynamic IP/static IP, devices, mtu size, etc.
Note: For more of MTU sizes a.k.a jumbo frames, see the Jumbo Frames article.
  • Screen 6: Setup host options. Choices here include system configuration (standalone/frontend/master backend/slave backend). Initial resolution (i.e. SDTV or HDTV) and remote configure are also on this screen. The setup GUI contains many options for remote controls that are preconfigured for you. Users also set the option to use or not use mythwelcome on this screen.
  • Screen 7: Setup timezone/zipcode
  • Screen 8: Setup NFS options if media is stored on a remote NFS share. Also configure automatic updates
  • Screen 9: Setup user accounts and passwords
Warning: Make sure to create a non-mythtv account, assign a root password and assign a mythtv password on this screen before you continue.
  • Screen 10: Sanity check/"Are you sure you wish to continue?" screen.

This concludes the installation. The scripts will take over and in about 5 min you will reboot into your LinHES installation.

External Links

Link to torrent tracker: [None at the moment]

Link to FTP download of R6: [Here]