Difference between revisions of "List of applications/Science (Italiano)"

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[[en:List of Applications/Science]]
 
[[en:List of Applications/Science]]
 
[[zh-CN:List of Applications/Science]]
 
[[zh-CN:List of Applications/Science]]
{{List of Applications navigation}}
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{{List of Applications navigation (Italiano)}}
 
</noinclude>
 
</noinclude>
{{translateme | Questo articolo è in fase di traduzione. Seguite per ora le istruzioni della versione inglese. | Talk:ArchWiki Translation Team (Italiano)#Pagine Marcate come "out of date" e "Traslateme"}}
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== Scienza ==
 +
{{Note|1=Per una possibile lista aggiornata di applicazioni scientifiches, si controlli la categoria [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?O=0&do_Search=Go&detail=1&C=15&SeB=nd&SB=v&SO=d&PP=50 'science'si AUR]}}
  
== Science ==
+
=== Documenti scientifici ===
{{Note|1=For possibly more up to date selection of scientific applications, try checking the [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?O=0&K=&do_Search=Go&detail=1&C=15&SeB=nd&SB=n&SO=a&PP=25 AUR 'science' category]}}
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{{Box||Si veda l'articolo principale: [[List_of_Applications/Documents_(Italiano)#Documenti_scientifici]]|#E5E5FF|#FCFCFC}}
  
==Matematica==
+
=== Matematica ===
===Calcolatrici===
+
==== Calcolatori ====
* [http://speedcrunch.org Speedcrunch] - Una calcolatrice scientifica ricca di funzionalità.
+
{{Wikipedia|Comparison of software calculators}}
* [http://extcalc-linux.sourceforge.net/ ExtCalc] - Una calcolatrice scientifica ricca di funzionalità.
+
* [http://kalgebra.berlios.de/ KAlgebra] - Calcolatrice e disegnatore di grafici 3D.
+
* [http://qalculate.sourceforge.net/ Qalculate] - Calcolatrice e risolutore di equazioni con analisi di errori. Riconosce costanti e unità.
+
  
===Computer Algebra System===
+
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:bc programming language|bc]]|Un linguaggio arbitrario e preciso per calcolatori.|http://www.gnu.org/software/bc/|{{Pkg|bc}}}}
*[http://maxima.sourceforge.net/ Maxima] - Programma tipo "Maple/Mathematica" o la sua interfaccia grafica [http://wxmaxima.sourceforge.net/wiki/index.php/Main_Page wXMaxima].
+
* {{App|calc|Una calcolatrice a precisione arbitraria da console.|http://www.isthe.com/chongo/tech/comp/calc/|{{Pkg|calc}}}}
*[http://www.sagemath.org/ Sage] - Programma tipo "Maple/Mathematica" in python.
+
* {{App|Extcalc|Calcolatrice scientifica grafica basata sulle Qt.|http://extcalc-linux.sourceforge.net/|{{AUR|extcalc}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:GCalctool|GCalctool]]|Una calcolatrice scientifica inclusa nel desktop GNOME.|http://www.gnome.org|{{Pkg|gcalctool}}}}
 +
* {{App|KAlgebra|Un calcolatore e  plotter 3D incluso in KDE EDU.|http://www.kde.org/applications/education/kalgebra/|{{Pkg|kdeedu-kalgebra}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:KCalc|KCalc]]|Una calcolatrice scientifica inclusa nel desktop KDE.|http://kde.org/applications/utilities/kcalc/|{{Pkg|kdeutils-kcalc}}}}
 +
* {{App|Qalculate|Una calcolatrice con risolutore di equazioni con tolleranza d'errore di analisi, il riconoscimento delle costanti e delle unità.|http://qalculate.sourceforge.net/|{{Pkg|libqalculate}}}}
 +
* {{App|SpeedCrunch|Una calcolatrice multi-piattaforma veloce, altamente precisa e potente.|http://speedcrunch.org|{{AUR|speedcrunch}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:xcalc|xcalc]]|Una calcolatrice scientifica per X algebrica e con modalità di notazione polacca inversa.|http://xorg.freedesktop.org/|{{Pkg|xorg-xcalc}}}}
  
===Calcolatori scientifici o tecnici===
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==== Computer Algebra System ====
*[[Matlab]] - Largamente usato per il calcolo scientifico e l'elaborazione dei dati (proprietario!).
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{{Wikipedia|Comparison of computer algebra systems}}
*[http://www.gnu.org/software/octave/ Octave] - Programma simile a Matlab o il suo frontend {{AUR|QtOctave}}.
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*[http://freemat.sourceforge.net/ Freemat] - Programma simile a Matlab.
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*[http://www.scilab.org/ Scilab] - Programma simile a Matlab.
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*[https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=694 Euler] - Mathematical programming environment like MatLab or Octave
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*[https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=19160 Englab] - Cross-compile mathematical platform with a C like syntax.
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*[http://www.scipy.org/PyLab PyLab] - Python modules for scientific calculations
+
  
===Statistics===
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* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Fermat (computer algebra system)|Fermat]]|A computer algebra system that does arithmetic of arbitrarily long integers and fractions, multivariate polynomials, symbolic calculations, matrices over polynomial rings, graphics, and other numerical calculations.|http://home.bway.net/lewis/|{{AUR|fermat}}}}
* [http://www.gnu.org/software/pspp/ PSPP] - Free SPSS implementation (Graphical:PSPPire).
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* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Mathomatic|Mathomatic]]|A general purpose Computer Algebra System written in C.|http://www.mathomatic.org/math/|{{Pkg|mathomatic}}}}
* [[R]] - Software environment for statistical computing and graphics (note package name is {{ic|r}}, in {{ic|extras}})
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* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Maxima (software)|Maxima]]|A [[Wikipedia:Maple (software)|Maple]]/[[Wikipedia:Wolfram Mathematica|Mathematica]]-like program with a wxWidgets based frontend.|http://maxima.sourceforge.net/|{{Pkg|maxima}} {{Pkg|wxmaxima}}}}
* [http://rkward.sourceforge.net/ RKWard] - Frontend for the statistical language R.
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* {{App|[[Wikipedia:PARI/GP|PARI/GP]]|A computer algebra system designed for fast computations in number theory.|http://pari.math.u-bordeaux.fr/|{{Pkg|pari}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Sage]]|A algebra system similar to Maxima, but written in Python.|http://www.sagemath.org/|{{Pkg|sage-mathematics}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Xcas|Xcas]]|A user interface to Giac, a free, basic computer algebra system.|http://www-fourier.ujf-grenoble.fr/~parisse/giac.html|{{AUR|xcas}}}}
  
===Data Evaluation===
+
==== Scientific or Technical Computing ====
* [http://www.unipress.waw.pl/fityk/ Fityk] - Non-linear fitting of curves.
+
{{Wikipedia|Comparison of numerical analysis software}}
* [http://soft.proindependent.com/qtiplot.html QtiPlot] - Similar & semi-compatible with "OriginLab".
+
* [http://scidavis.sourceforge.net/ SciDavis] - Similar to QtiPlot.
+
* [http://labplot.sourceforge.net/ LabPlot] - Comparable to "OriginLab".
+
* [http://root.cern.ch/drupal/ ROOT] - Data analysis program and library (originally for particle physics).
+
* [http://www.gnuplot.info/ GnuPlot] - Command-line based plotting program.
+
* [http://plasma-gate.weizmann.ac.il/Grace/ XmGrace] - Plotting program with GUI.
+
* [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=9583 Extrema] - Visualization and data analysis tool.
+
* [[List of Applications#Spreadsheets]]
+
  
==Natural Science==
+
* {{App|EngLab|A cross-compile mathematical platform with a C like syntax.|http://englab.bugfest.net|{{AUR|englab}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Euler (software)|Euler]]|A numerical application designed for higher level math such as calculus, optimization, and statistics that uses Maxima for symbolic operations.|http://euler.sourceforge.net|{{AUR|euler}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:FreeMat|FreeMat]]|A Matlab-like program that supports many of its functions and features a codeless interface to external C, C++, and Fortran code, further parallel distributed algorithm development (via MPI), and 3D visualization capabilities.|http://freemat.sourceforge.net/|{{Pkg|freemat}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Octave]]|A [[Matlab]]-like language and interface for numerical computations.|http://www.gnu.org/software/octave/ |{{Pkg|octave}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:matplotlib|PyLab]]|A collection of Python modules (pyplot, numpy, etc.) used for scientific calculations.|http://www.scipy.org/PyLab|{{Pkg|python2-matplotlib}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Scilab|Scilab]]|A Matlab alternative used for numerical computations, its syntax is not equivalent to that of Matlab, but it can be easily converted.|http://www.scilab.org/|{{AUR|scilab}}}}
  
===Chemistry and Biology===
+
==== Statistiche ====
 +
{{Wikipedia|Comparison of statistical packages}}
  
====Molecule Viewer====
+
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Just another Gibbs sampler|JAGS]] (Just another Gibbs sampler)|A cross-platform program for analysis of Bayesian hierarchical models using Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) simulation.|http://mcmc-jags.sourceforge.net/|{{AUR|jags}}}}
*[http://avogadro.openmolecules.net/wiki/Main_Page Avogadro] - Edit and view 3D molecule structures (also .pdb) and simulate.
+
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:PSPP|PSPP]]|A free SPSS implementation.|http://www.gnu.org/software/pspp/|{{AUR|pspp}}}}
*[http://www.ballview.org/ Ballview] - Standalone molecular modeling and visualization application.
+
* {{App|[[R]]|A software environment for statistical computing and graphics.|http://cran.r-project.org/|{{Pkg|r}}}}
*[http://www.uku.fi/~thassine/projects/ghemical/ Ghemical] - Edit and view 3D molecule structures (also .pdb) and simulate.
+
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:RKWard|RKWard]]|A frontend for the statistical language R.|http://rkward.sourceforge.net/|{{AUR|rkward}}}}
*[http://www.rasmol.org/ Rasmol] - View 3D molecule structures.
+
*[http://pymol.sourceforge.net/ Pymol] - View 3D molecule structures.
+
  
====Molecule Drawing====
+
==== Data Evaluation ====
*[http://bkchem.zirael.org/ BkChem] - Practical and goodlooking skeletal formula molecule drawing program.
+
{{Wikipedia|List of information graphics software}}
*[http://xdrawchem.sourceforge.net/ XDrawChem] - Extensive skeletal formula molecule drawing program (incl. spectroscopy prediction).
+
*[http://easychem.sourceforge.net/ EasyChem] - Simple skeletal formula molecule drawing program.
+
*[http://ruby.chemie.uni-freiburg.de/~martin/chemtool/ Chemtool] - Skeletal formula molecule drawing program.
+
*[http://gabedit.sourceforge.net/ Gabedit] - Gabedit is a graphical user interface to computational chemistry packages like Gamess-US, Gaussian, Molcas, Molpro, MPQC, OpenMopac, Orca, PCGamess and Q-Chem
+
  
====Periodic Table====
+
* {{App|Extrema|A visualization and data analysis tool.|http://sourceforge.net/projects/extrema|{{AUR|extrema}}}}
* [http://edu.kde.org/kalzium/ Kalzium] - Periodic table of the elements with molecule editor and equation solver (from KDE project).
+
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Fityk|Fityk]]|A curve fitting and data analysis application, predominantly used to fit analytical, bell-shaped functions to experimental data.|http://www.unipress.waw.pl/fityk/|{{AUR|fityk}}}}
* [http://www.kdau.com/projects/gelemental/ GElemental]{{Linkrot (Italiano)|2011|09|05}} - Periodic table of the elements and additional information.
+
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:gnuplot|Gnuplot]]|A command-line program that can generate 2D and 3D plots of functions, data, and data fits. |http://www.gnuplot.info/|{{Pkg|gnuplot}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Grace (plotting tool)|Grace]]|A WYSIWYG 2D graph plotting tool.|http://plasma-gate.weizmann.ac.il/Grace/|{{Pkg|grace}} {{AUR|qtgrace}} {{AUR|gracegtk}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:LabPlot|LabPlot]]|A free software data analysis and visualization application, similar to SciDAVis.|http://labplot.sourceforge.net/|{{AUR|labplot2}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:QtiPlot|QtiPlot]]|A platform-independent application used for interactive scientific graphing and data analysis, similar to the proprietary [[Wikipedia: Origin (software)|Origin]] or [[Wikipedia:SigmaPlot|SigmaPlot]].|http://soft.proindependent.com/qtiplot.html|{{Pkg|qtiplot}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:ROOT|ROOT]]|A data analysis program and library (originally for particle physics) developed by CERN.|http://root.cern.ch/drupal/|{{AUR|root}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:SciDAVis|SciDAVis]]|A fork of QtiPlot with the goal of being better documented and more user friendly.|http://scidavis.sourceforge.net/|{{AUR|scidavis}}}}
 +
See also [[List of Applications#Spreadsheets]]
  
====Biochemistry====
+
=== Chimica e Biologia ===
* [http://www.bioclipse.net/ Bioclipse] - Aims to be a complete biochemistry office suite.
+
====Bioinformatica e Biologia computazionale====
 +
{{Wikipedia|List of open source bioinformatics software}}
  
====Molecular Modeling====
+
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:BALL|BALL]] (Biochemical Algorithms Library)|An application framework in C++ that provides an extensive set of data structures as well as classes for molecular nechanics, advanced solvation methods, comparison and analysis of protein structures, file import/export, and visualization.|http://www.ball-project.org/|{{AUR|ball}}}}
* [http://www.gromacs.org GROMACS] - GROMACS is a versatile package to perform molecular dynamics, i.e. simulate the Newtonian equations of motion for systems with hundreds to millions of particles.
+
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:BioJava|BioJava]]|A set of Java tools for computational biology, as well as bioinformatics.|http://biojava.org/wiki/Main_Page|{{AUR|biojava}}}}
* [http://www.quantum-espresso.org/ Quantum-Espresso] - Quantum ESPRESSO is an integrated suite of computer codes for electronic-structure calculations and materials modeling at the nanoscale. It is based on density-functional theory, plane waves, and pseudopotentials (both norm-conserving and ultrasoft).
+
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Biopython|Biopython]]|A Python package with tools for computational biology, as well as bioinformatics.|http://biopython.org/wiki/Biopython|{{AUR|biopython}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:EMBOSS|EMBOSS]] (European Molecular Biology Open Software Suite)|An open source software analysis package specially developed for the needs of the molecular biology and bioinformatics user community.|http://emboss.sourceforge.net/|{{AUR|emboss}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:MEGA, Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis|MEGA]] (Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis)|An integrated tool for conducting automatic and manual sequence alignment, inferring phylogenetic trees, mining web-based databases, estimating rates of molecular evolution, inferring ancestral sequences, and testing evolutionary hypotheses.|http://www.megasoftware.net/|{{AUR|mega}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:MUMmer|MUMmer]]|A bioinformatics software system for sequence alignment based on suffix trees.|http://mummer.sourceforge.net/|{{AUR|mummer}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:UGENE|UGENE]]|An application that integrates dozens of well-known biological tools and algorithms, providing both graphical user and command-line interfaces.|http://ugene.unipro.ru/|{{AUR|ugene}}}}
  
===Astronomy===
+
==== Visualizzatori molecolari ====
*[http://www.stellarium.org/ Stellarium] - Beautiful 3D planetarium.
+
{{Wikipedia|List of molecular graphics systems}}
*[http://edu.kde.org/kstars/ KStars] - KDE desktop planetarium.
+
*[http://starplot.org/ StarPlot] - 3D starchart viewer.
+
*[http://www.shatters.net/celestia/ Celestia] - Space simulation software.
+
  
===Physics===
+
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Avogadro_(software)|Avogadro]]|An editor, viewer and simulator for 3D molecule structures (also supports downloading files from the [[Wikipedia:Protein Data Bank|Protein Data Bank]]).|http://avogadro.openmolecules.net/wiki/Main_Page|{{Pkg|avogadro}}}}
 +
* {{App|BALLView|A standalone molecular modeling and visualization application, part of the [[Wikipedia:BALL|BALL]] framework.|http://www.ballview.org/|{{AUR|ball}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Ghemical|Ghemical]]|A computational chemistry software package used to edit, view and simulate molecular structures.|http://bioinformatics.org/ghemical/ghemical/index.html|{{Pkg|ghemical}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:PyMOL|PyMOL]]|An open-source molecular visualization system that can produce high quality 3D images of small molecules and biological macromolecules, such as proteins.|http://pymol.sourceforge.net/|{{AUR|pymol}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:RasMol|RasMol]]|A computer program written for molecular graphics visualization intended and used primarily for the depiction and exploration of biological macromolecule structures.|http://www.rasmol.org/|{{AUR|rasmol}}}}
  
====Electronics====
+
==== Costruttori molecolari ====
*[[gEDA]] (http://www.gpleda.org/) - Electronic design automation tools.
+
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:BKchem|BKChem]]|A practical and goodlooking skeletal formula molecule drawing program.|http://bkchem.zirael.org/|{{AUR|bkchem}}}}
*[http://qucs.sourceforge.net/ Qucs] - Electronic circuit simulation.
+
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Chemtool|Chemtool]]|A GTK+-based program for drawing chemical structural formulas.|http://ruby.chemie.uni-freiburg.de/~martin/chemtool/chemtool.html|{{Pkg|chemtool}}}}
*[http://oregano.gforge.lug.fi.uba.ar/ Oregano]{{Linkrot (Italiano)|2011|09|05}} - Electronic circuit simulation.
+
* {{App|EasyChem|A simple skeletal formula molecule drawing program with a focus on producing press-quality figures.|http://easychem.sourceforge.net/|{{AUR|easychem}}}}
*[http://qelectrotech.org/ QElectroTech] - Draw advanced electrical circuits.
+
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Gabedit|Gabedit]]|A graphical user interface to computational chemistry packages like [[Wikipedia:GAMESS (US)|GAMESS]], [[Wikipedia:Gaussian (software)|Gaussian]], [[Wikipedia:MOLCAS|MOLCAS]], [[Wikipedia:MOLPRO|MOLPRO]], [[Wikipedia:MPQC|MPQC]], [[Wikipedia:MOPAC|OpenMopac]], [[Wikipedia:PC GAMESS|Firefly]] (previously PC GAMESS) and [[Wikipedia:Q-Chem|Q-Chem]].|http://gabedit.sourceforge.net/|{{AUR|gabedit}}}}
*[http://kicad.sourceforge.net/wiki/index.php/Main_Page KiCad] - Design schematics for printed circuit boards.
+
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:XDrawChem|XDrawChem]]|An extensive skeletal formula molecule drawing program (includes spectroscopy prediction).|http://xdrawchem.sourceforge.net/|{{AUR|xdrawchem}}}}
*[http://ksimus.berlios.de/ KSimus] - Logical circuits simulation.
+
*[http://www.a-rostin.de/ KLogic] - Logical circuits simulation.
+
  
====Physics Simulation====
+
==== Tavola periodica ====
*[http://www.code-aster.org Code Aster] - Simulation for civil and structural engineering.
+
* {{App|gElemental|A periodic table of the elements with additional information.|http://freshmeat.net/projects/gelemental|{{AUR|gelemental}}}}
*[http://edu.kde.org/step/ Step] - Physics Simulation Educative physics simulation (KDE).
+
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Kalzium|Kalzium]]|A periodic table of the elements with molecule editor and equation solver from the [[KDE]] desktop.|http://edu.kde.org/kalzium/|{{Pkg|kdeedu-kalzium}}}}
  
====Unit Conversion====
+
==== Biochimica ====
*[http://convertall.bellz.org/ Convertall] - Convert between different physical units.
+
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Bioclipse|Bioclipse]]|A Java-based visual platform for biochemestry that uses the Eclipse Rich Client Platform (RCP).|http://www.bioclipse.net/|{{AUR?|bioclipse}}}}
*[http://www.unihedron.com/projects/gonvert/ Gonvert] - Convert between different physical units.
+
 
*[http://www.gnu.org/s/units/ Units] - CLI Unit converter and calculator.
+
==== Modelli molecolari ====
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:GROMACS|GROMACS]] (GROningen MAchine for Chemical Simulations)|A versatile package to perform molecular dynamics, i.e. simulate the Newtonian equations of motion for systems with hundreds to millions of particles.|http://www.gromacs.org|{{AUR|gromacs}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Quantum ESPRESSO|Quantum ESPRESSO]]|An integrated suite of applications for electronic-structure calculations and materials modeling at nanoscale. It is based on density-functional theory, plane waves, and pseudopotentials (both norm-conserving and ultrasoft).|http://www.quantum-espresso.org/|{{AUR|quantum-espresso}}}}
 +
 
 +
==== Manipolazioni di immagini ====
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:ImageJ|ImageJ]]|A Java-based image processing and analysing program that provides extensibility via plugins and macros. It is widely used in microscopy (e.g. for cell counting).|http://rsb.info.nih.gov/ij|{{AUR|imagej}}}}
 +
 
 +
=== Astronomia ===
 +
 
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Celestia|Celestia]]|A 3D astronomy simulation program that allows users to travel through an extensive universe, modeled after reality, at any speed, in any direction and at any time in history.|http://www.shatters.net/celestia/|{{Pkg|celestia}}}}
 +
* {{App|GIMP Astronomy Plugins|A set of GIMP plugins for astronomical image processing.|http://hennigbuam.de/georg/gimp.html|{{AUR|gimp-plugin-astronomy}}}}
 +
* {{App|GoQat|A camera acquisition software, especially for QSI cameras, that provides other features such as autoguiding, focusing help and others.|http://canburytech.net/GoQat/|{{AUR|goqat}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:KStars|KStars]]|A planetarium application that provides an accurate graphical simulation of the night sky, from any location on Earth, at any date and time. It is included in KDE Edu.|http://edu.kde.org/kstars/|{{Pkg|kdeedu-kstars}}}}
 +
* {{App|Open PHD Guiding|A telescope autoguiding software based on the famous PHD Guiding.|http://code.google.com/p/open-phd-guiding/|{{AUR|open-phd-guiding}}}}
 +
* {{App|Qastrocam-g2|A webcam acquisition software for planetary imaging.|http://sourceforge.net/projects/qastrocam-g2/|{{AUR|qastrocam-g2}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Cartes du Ciel|Skychart / Cartes du Ciel]]|A planetarium that maps out and labels most of the constellations, planets, and objects you can see with a telescope. It can also download Digitized Sky Survey Charts and superimpose images over these charts.|http://www.ap-i.net/skychart/start/|{{AUR|skychart}}}}
 +
* {{App|StarPlot|A 3-dimensional star chart viewer.|http://starplot.org/|{{AUR|starplot}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Stellarium (computer program)|Stellarium]]|A beautiful 3D planetarium that uses OpenGL to render a realistic sky in real time.|http://www.stellarium.org/|{{Pkg|stellarium}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:XEphem|XEphem]]|A Motif-based ephemeris and planetarium program.|http://www.clearskyinstitute.com/xephem/xephem.html|{{AUR|xephem}}}}
 +
 
 +
=== Fisica ===
 +
==== Elettronica ====
 +
{{Wikipedia|Comparison of EDA software}}
 +
 
 +
* {{App|[[gEDA]]|A full suite and toolkit of Electronic Design Automation tools that are used for electrical circuit design, schematic capture, simulation, prototyping, and production.|http://www.geda-project.org/|{{Pkg|geda-gaf}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:KiCAD|KiCAD]]|A software suite for electronic design automation (EDA) that facilitates the design of schematics for electronic circuits and their conversion to PCB (printed circuit board).|http://www.kicad-pcb.org/display/KICAD/KiCad+EDA+Software+Suite|{{Pkg|kicad}}}}
 +
* {{App|KLogic|An application used for easily building and simulating digital circuits.|http://www.a-rostin.de/|{{AUR|klogic}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:KTechLab|KTechLab]]|An IDE for electronic and PIC microcontroller circuit design and simulation featuring an extensive circuit designer with autorouting and simulation of all common electronic components and logic elements.|http://sourceforge.net/projects/ktechlab/|{{Pkg|ktechlab}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Oregano (software)|Oregano]]|A graphical software application for schematic capture and simulation of electrical circuits. The actual simulation is done by the [[Wikipedia:Ngspice|ngspice]] or [[Wikipedia:GNU Circuit Analysis Package|Gnucap]] engines.|https://github.com/marc-lorber/oregano|{{AUR|oregano}}}}
 +
* {{App|QElectroTech|An application used to draw advanced electrical circuits.|http://qelectrotech.org/|{{AUR|qelectrotech}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Quite Universal Circuit Simulator|Qucs]]|An electronics circuit simulator application that gives you the ability to set up a circuit with a graphical user interface and simulate its large-signal, small-signal and noise behaviour.|http://qucs.sourceforge.net/|{{Pkg|qucs}}}}
 +
 
 +
==== Simulazioni fisiche ====
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Code_Aster|Code_Aster]]|A software package for Civil and Structural Engineering finite element analysis and numeric simulation in structural mechanics.|http://www.code-aster.org|{{AUR|aster}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:Step (software)|Step]]|A two-dimensional physics simulation engine that is included in the KDE desktop as part of KDE Edu.|http://edu.kde.org/step/|{{Pkg|kdeedu-step}}}}
 +
 
 +
==== Convertitori di unità ====
 +
* {{App|ConvertAll|A unit conversion application that allows one to combine units in any way (e.g. inches per decade), even if it does not make sense.|http://convertall.bellz.org/|{{AUR|convertall}}}}
 +
* {{App|Gonvert|A conversion utility that allows conversion between many units like CGS, Ancient, Imperial with many categories like length, mass, numbers, etc.|http://www.unihedron.com/projects/gonvert/|{{AUR|gonvert}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:GNU Units|Units]]|A command-line unit converter and calculator that can handle multiplicative scale changes, nonlinear conversions such as Fahrenheit to Celsius or wire gauge and others.|http://www.gnu.org/s/units/|{{Pkg|units}}}}

Revision as of 14:48, 15 January 2013

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Calcolatori

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  • bc — Un linguaggio arbitrario e preciso per calcolatori.
http://www.gnu.org/software/bc/ || bc
  • calc — Una calcolatrice a precisione arbitraria da console.
http://www.isthe.com/chongo/tech/comp/calc/ || calc
  • Extcalc — Calcolatrice scientifica grafica basata sulle Qt.
http://extcalc-linux.sourceforge.net/ || extcalcAUR
  • GCalctool — Una calcolatrice scientifica inclusa nel desktop GNOME.
http://www.gnome.org || gcalctool
  • KAlgebra — Un calcolatore e plotter 3D incluso in KDE EDU.
http://www.kde.org/applications/education/kalgebra/ || kdeedu-kalgebra
  • KCalc — Una calcolatrice scientifica inclusa nel desktop KDE.
http://kde.org/applications/utilities/kcalc/ || kdeutils-kcalc
  • Qalculate — Una calcolatrice con risolutore di equazioni con tolleranza d'errore di analisi, il riconoscimento delle costanti e delle unità.
http://qalculate.sourceforge.net/ || libqalculate
  • SpeedCrunch — Una calcolatrice multi-piattaforma veloce, altamente precisa e potente.
http://speedcrunch.org || speedcrunchAUR
  • xcalc — Una calcolatrice scientifica per X algebrica e con modalità di notazione polacca inversa.
http://xorg.freedesktop.org/ || xorg-xcalc

Computer Algebra System

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  • Fermat — A computer algebra system that does arithmetic of arbitrarily long integers and fractions, multivariate polynomials, symbolic calculations, matrices over polynomial rings, graphics, and other numerical calculations.
http://home.bway.net/lewis/ || fermatAUR
  • Mathomatic — A general purpose Computer Algebra System written in C.
http://www.mathomatic.org/math/ || mathomatic
http://maxima.sourceforge.net/ || maxima wxmaxima
  • PARI/GP — A computer algebra system designed for fast computations in number theory.
http://pari.math.u-bordeaux.fr/ || pari
  • Sage — A algebra system similar to Maxima, but written in Python.
http://www.sagemath.org/ || sage-mathematics
  • Xcas — A user interface to Giac, a free, basic computer algebra system.
http://www-fourier.ujf-grenoble.fr/~parisse/giac.html || xcasAUR

Scientific or Technical Computing

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  • EngLab — A cross-compile mathematical platform with a C like syntax.
http://englab.bugfest.net || englabAUR
  • Euler — A numerical application designed for higher level math such as calculus, optimization, and statistics that uses Maxima for symbolic operations.
http://euler.sourceforge.net || eulerAUR
  • FreeMat — A Matlab-like program that supports many of its functions and features a codeless interface to external C, C++, and Fortran code, further parallel distributed algorithm development (via MPI), and 3D visualization capabilities.
http://freemat.sourceforge.net/ || freemat
  • Octave — A Matlab-like language and interface for numerical computations.
http://www.gnu.org/software/octave/ || octave
  • PyLab — A collection of Python modules (pyplot, numpy, etc.) used for scientific calculations.
http://www.scipy.org/PyLab || python2-matplotlib
  • Scilab — A Matlab alternative used for numerical computations, its syntax is not equivalent to that of Matlab, but it can be easily converted.
http://www.scilab.org/ || scilabAUR

Statistiche

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  • JAGS (Just another Gibbs sampler) — A cross-platform program for analysis of Bayesian hierarchical models using Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) simulation.
http://mcmc-jags.sourceforge.net/ || jagsAUR
  • PSPP — A free SPSS implementation.
http://www.gnu.org/software/pspp/ || psppAUR
  • R — A software environment for statistical computing and graphics.
http://cran.r-project.org/ || r
  • RKWard — A frontend for the statistical language R.
http://rkward.sourceforge.net/ || rkwardAUR

Data Evaluation

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  • Extrema — A visualization and data analysis tool.
http://sourceforge.net/projects/extrema || extremaAUR
  • Fityk — A curve fitting and data analysis application, predominantly used to fit analytical, bell-shaped functions to experimental data.
http://www.unipress.waw.pl/fityk/ || fitykAUR
  • Gnuplot — A command-line program that can generate 2D and 3D plots of functions, data, and data fits.
http://www.gnuplot.info/ || gnuplot
  • Grace — A WYSIWYG 2D graph plotting tool.
http://plasma-gate.weizmann.ac.il/Grace/ || grace qtgraceAUR gracegtkAUR
  • LabPlot — A free software data analysis and visualization application, similar to SciDAVis.
http://labplot.sourceforge.net/ || labplot2AUR
  • QtiPlot — A platform-independent application used for interactive scientific graphing and data analysis, similar to the proprietary Origin or SigmaPlot.
http://soft.proindependent.com/qtiplot.html || qtiplot
  • ROOT — A data analysis program and library (originally for particle physics) developed by CERN.
http://root.cern.ch/drupal/ || rootAUR
  • SciDAVis — A fork of QtiPlot with the goal of being better documented and more user friendly.
http://scidavis.sourceforge.net/ || scidavisAUR

See also List of Applications#Spreadsheets

Chimica e Biologia

Bioinformatica e Biologia computazionale

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  • BALL (Biochemical Algorithms Library) — An application framework in C++ that provides an extensive set of data structures as well as classes for molecular nechanics, advanced solvation methods, comparison and analysis of protein structures, file import/export, and visualization.
http://www.ball-project.org/ || ballAUR
  • BioJava — A set of Java tools for computational biology, as well as bioinformatics.
http://biojava.org/wiki/Main_Page || biojavaAUR
  • Biopython — A Python package with tools for computational biology, as well as bioinformatics.
http://biopython.org/wiki/Biopython || biopythonAUR
  • EMBOSS (European Molecular Biology Open Software Suite) — An open source software analysis package specially developed for the needs of the molecular biology and bioinformatics user community.
http://emboss.sourceforge.net/ || embossAUR
  • MEGA (Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis) — An integrated tool for conducting automatic and manual sequence alignment, inferring phylogenetic trees, mining web-based databases, estimating rates of molecular evolution, inferring ancestral sequences, and testing evolutionary hypotheses.
http://www.megasoftware.net/ || megaAUR
  • MUMmer — A bioinformatics software system for sequence alignment based on suffix trees.
http://mummer.sourceforge.net/ || mummerAUR
  • UGENE — An application that integrates dozens of well-known biological tools and algorithms, providing both graphical user and command-line interfaces.
http://ugene.unipro.ru/ || ugeneAUR

Visualizzatori molecolari

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  • Avogadro — An editor, viewer and simulator for 3D molecule structures (also supports downloading files from the Protein Data Bank).
http://avogadro.openmolecules.net/wiki/Main_Page || avogadro
  • BALLView — A standalone molecular modeling and visualization application, part of the BALL framework.
http://www.ballview.org/ || ballAUR
  • Ghemical — A computational chemistry software package used to edit, view and simulate molecular structures.
http://bioinformatics.org/ghemical/ghemical/index.html || ghemical
  • PyMOL — An open-source molecular visualization system that can produce high quality 3D images of small molecules and biological macromolecules, such as proteins.
http://pymol.sourceforge.net/ || pymolAUR
  • RasMol — A computer program written for molecular graphics visualization intended and used primarily for the depiction and exploration of biological macromolecule structures.
http://www.rasmol.org/ || rasmolAUR

Costruttori molecolari

  • BKChem — A practical and goodlooking skeletal formula molecule drawing program.
http://bkchem.zirael.org/ || bkchemAUR
  • Chemtool — A GTK+-based program for drawing chemical structural formulas.
http://ruby.chemie.uni-freiburg.de/~martin/chemtool/chemtool.html || chemtool
  • EasyChem — A simple skeletal formula molecule drawing program with a focus on producing press-quality figures.
http://easychem.sourceforge.net/ || easychemAUR
http://gabedit.sourceforge.net/ || gabeditAUR
  • XDrawChem — An extensive skeletal formula molecule drawing program (includes spectroscopy prediction).
http://xdrawchem.sourceforge.net/ || xdrawchemAUR

Tavola periodica

  • gElemental — A periodic table of the elements with additional information.
http://freshmeat.net/projects/gelemental || gelementalAUR
  • Kalzium — A periodic table of the elements with molecule editor and equation solver from the KDE desktop.
http://edu.kde.org/kalzium/ || kdeedu-kalzium

Biochimica

  • Bioclipse — A Java-based visual platform for biochemestry that uses the Eclipse Rich Client Platform (RCP).
http://www.bioclipse.net/ || not packaged? search in AUR

Modelli molecolari

  • GROMACS (GROningen MAchine for Chemical Simulations) — A versatile package to perform molecular dynamics, i.e. simulate the Newtonian equations of motion for systems with hundreds to millions of particles.
http://www.gromacs.org || gromacsAUR
  • Quantum ESPRESSO — An integrated suite of applications for electronic-structure calculations and materials modeling at nanoscale. It is based on density-functional theory, plane waves, and pseudopotentials (both norm-conserving and ultrasoft).
http://www.quantum-espresso.org/ || quantum-espressoAUR

Manipolazioni di immagini

  • ImageJ — A Java-based image processing and analysing program that provides extensibility via plugins and macros. It is widely used in microscopy (e.g. for cell counting).
http://rsb.info.nih.gov/ij || imagejAUR

Astronomia

  • Celestia — A 3D astronomy simulation program that allows users to travel through an extensive universe, modeled after reality, at any speed, in any direction and at any time in history.
http://www.shatters.net/celestia/ || celestia
  • GIMP Astronomy Plugins — A set of GIMP plugins for astronomical image processing.
http://hennigbuam.de/georg/gimp.html || gimp-plugin-astronomyAUR
  • GoQat — A camera acquisition software, especially for QSI cameras, that provides other features such as autoguiding, focusing help and others.
http://canburytech.net/GoQat/ || goqatAUR
  • KStars — A planetarium application that provides an accurate graphical simulation of the night sky, from any location on Earth, at any date and time. It is included in KDE Edu.
http://edu.kde.org/kstars/ || kdeedu-kstars
  • Open PHD Guiding — A telescope autoguiding software based on the famous PHD Guiding.
http://code.google.com/p/open-phd-guiding/ || open-phd-guidingAUR
  • Qastrocam-g2 — A webcam acquisition software for planetary imaging.
http://sourceforge.net/projects/qastrocam-g2/ || qastrocam-g2AUR
  • Skychart / Cartes du Ciel — A planetarium that maps out and labels most of the constellations, planets, and objects you can see with a telescope. It can also download Digitized Sky Survey Charts and superimpose images over these charts.
http://www.ap-i.net/skychart/start/ || skychartAUR
  • StarPlot — A 3-dimensional star chart viewer.
http://starplot.org/ || starplotAUR
  • Stellarium — A beautiful 3D planetarium that uses OpenGL to render a realistic sky in real time.
http://www.stellarium.org/ || stellarium
  • XEphem — A Motif-based ephemeris and planetarium program.
http://www.clearskyinstitute.com/xephem/xephem.html || xephemAUR

Fisica

Elettronica

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  • gEDA — A full suite and toolkit of Electronic Design Automation tools that are used for electrical circuit design, schematic capture, simulation, prototyping, and production.
http://www.geda-project.org/ || geda-gaf
  • KiCAD — A software suite for electronic design automation (EDA) that facilitates the design of schematics for electronic circuits and their conversion to PCB (printed circuit board).
http://www.kicad-pcb.org/display/KICAD/KiCad+EDA+Software+Suite || kicad
  • KLogic — An application used for easily building and simulating digital circuits.
http://www.a-rostin.de/ || klogicAUR
  • KTechLab — An IDE for electronic and PIC microcontroller circuit design and simulation featuring an extensive circuit designer with autorouting and simulation of all common electronic components and logic elements.
http://sourceforge.net/projects/ktechlab/ || ktechlab
  • Oregano — A graphical software application for schematic capture and simulation of electrical circuits. The actual simulation is done by the ngspice or Gnucap engines.
https://github.com/marc-lorber/oregano || oreganoAUR
  • QElectroTech — An application used to draw advanced electrical circuits.
http://qelectrotech.org/ || qelectrotechAUR
  • Qucs — An electronics circuit simulator application that gives you the ability to set up a circuit with a graphical user interface and simulate its large-signal, small-signal and noise behaviour.
http://qucs.sourceforge.net/ || qucs

Simulazioni fisiche

  • Code_Aster — A software package for Civil and Structural Engineering finite element analysis and numeric simulation in structural mechanics.
http://www.code-aster.org || asterAUR
  • Step — A two-dimensional physics simulation engine that is included in the KDE desktop as part of KDE Edu.
http://edu.kde.org/step/ || kdeedu-step

Convertitori di unità

  • ConvertAll — A unit conversion application that allows one to combine units in any way (e.g. inches per decade), even if it does not make sense.
http://convertall.bellz.org/ || convertallAUR
  • Gonvert — A conversion utility that allows conversion between many units like CGS, Ancient, Imperial with many categories like length, mass, numbers, etc.
http://www.unihedron.com/projects/gonvert/ || gonvertAUR
  • Units — A command-line unit converter and calculator that can handle multiplicative scale changes, nonlinear conversions such as Fahrenheit to Celsius or wire gauge and others.
http://www.gnu.org/s/units/ || units