List of applications/Utilities
- 1 Utilities
- 1.1 Partitioning tools
- 1.2 Mount tools
- 1.3 Terminal emulators
- 1.4 Hex editors
- 1.5 Integrated development environments
- 1.6 Build automation
- 1.7 Files
- 1.8 Disk cleaning
- 1.9 Disk usage display
- 1.10 Clock synchronization
- 1.11 System monitoring
- 1.12 System information viewers
- 1.13 Keyboard layout switchers
- 1.14 Power management
- 1.15 Clipboard managers
- 1.16 Package management
- 1.17 Input methods
- 1.18 Version control systems
See also udisks#Mount helpers.
- 9mount — Mount 9p filesystems.
- cryptmount — Mount an encrypted file system as a regular user.
- ldm — A lightweight daemon that mounts drives automagically using udev
- pmount — Mount source as a regular user to an automatically created destination
- pmount-safe-removal — Mount removable devices as regular user with safe removal
- udevil — Mounts removable devices as a regular user, show device info, and monitor device changes. Only depends on udev and glib.
- zulucrypt — A GUI frontend for cryptsetup to create, manage and mount encrypted volumes; supports encfs as well
Terminal emulators show a GUI Window that contains a terminal. Most emulate Xterm, which in turn emulates VT102, which emulates typewriter. For further background information, see Wikipedia:Terminal emulator.
For a comprehensive list, see Wikipedia:List of terminal emulators.
- Alacritty — A cross-platform, GPU-accelerated terminal emulator.
- aterm — Xterm replacement with transparency support. It has been deprecated in favour of urxvt since 2008.
- Cool Retro Term — A good looking terminal emulator which mimics the old cathode display.
- Eterm — Terminal emulator intended as a replacement for xterm and designed for the Enlightenment desktop.
- http://eterm.org || AUR
- Gate One — Web-based terminal emulator and SSH client.
- Hyper — A terminal with JS/CSS support.
- kitty — A modern, hackable, featureful, OpenGL based terminal emulator
- mlterm — A multi-lingual terminal emulator supporting various character sets and encodings in the world.
- QTerminal — A lightweight Qt-based terminal emulator.
- rxvt — Popular replacement for the xterm.
- http://rxvt.sourceforge.net/ || AUR
- shellinabox — A web-based SSH Terminal
- st — Simple terminal implementation for X.
- http://st.suckless.org || AUR
- Terminology — Terminal emulator by the Enlightenment project team with innovative features: file thumbnails and media play like a media player.
- Tilda — Terminal inspired by many classic terminals from first person shooter games such as Quake, Doom and Half-Life.
- urxvt — Highly extendable (with Perl) unicode enabled rxvt-clone terminal emulator featuring tabbing, url launching, a Quake style drop-down mode and pseudo-transparency.
- xterm — Simple terminal emulator for the X Window System. It provides DEC VT102 and Tektronix 4014 compatible terminals for programs that can't use the window system directly.
- Yakuake — Drop-down terminal (Quake style) emulator based on Konsole.
VTE (Virtual Terminal Emulator) is a widget developed during early GNOME days for use in the GNOME Terminal. It has since given birth to many terminals with similar capabilities.
- Deepin Terminal — Terminal emulation application for Deepin desktop.
- evilvte — Very lightweight and highly customizable terminal emulator with support for tabs, auto-hiding and different encodings.
- http://calno.com/evilvte/ || AUR
- Germinal — Minimalist terminal emulator which provides a borderless maximized terminal, attached to a tmux session by default, hence providing tabs and panels.
- GNOME Terminal — A terminal emulator included in the GNOME desktop with support for Unicode and pseudo-transparency.
- Guake — Drop-down terminal for the GNOME desktop.
- LXTerminal — Desktop independent terminal emulator for LXDE.
- Pantheon Terminal — A super lightweight, beautiful, and simple terminal emulator. It's designed to be setup with sane defaults and little to no configuration.
- ROXTerm — Tabbed terminal emulator with a small footprint.
- sakura — Terminal emulator based on GTK+ and VTE.
- Terminal — Terminal emulator included in the Xfce desktop with support for a colorized prompt and a tabbed interface.
- terminator — Terminal emulator supporting multiple resizable terminal panels.
- Termite — A keyboard-centric VTE-based terminal, aimed at use within a window manager with tiling and/or tabbing support.
- Tilix — A tiling terminal emulator for Linux using GTK+ 3
- tinyterm — Very lightweight terminal emulator based on VTE.
The following terminal emulators are based on the kernel mode setting that could be invoked without X.
- KMSCON — A KMS/DRM-based system console(getty) with an integrated terminal emulator for Linux operating systems.
In GNU/Linux world, the framebuffer could be refered to a virtual device in the Linux kernel (fbdev) or the virtual framebuffer system for X (xvfb). This section mainly lists the terminal emulators that based on the in-kernel virtual device, i.e. fbdev.
- yaft — A simple terminal emulator for living without X, with UCS2 glyphs, wallpaper and 256color support.
See also Wikipedia:Comparison of hex editors.
- hyx — A minimalistic but powerful (hex/ASCII, insert/replace/delete, copy/paste, undo/redo, search, colors, vim-inspired controls) console hex editor.
- https://yx7.cc/code/ || AUR
Integrated development environments
- Anjuta — Versatile IDE with project management, an application wizard, an interactive debugger, a source editor, version control support and many more tools.
- http://www.aptana.com/ || AUR
- Bluefish — GTK+ editor/IDE with an MDI interface, syntax highlighting and support for Python plugins.
- Bluej — Fully featured Java IDE used mainly for educational and beginner purposes.
- https://bluej.org/ || AUR
- http://brackets.io/ || AUR
- Builder — General purpose IDE for GNOME.
- Code::Blocks — Open source and cross-platform C/C++ IDE.
- CLion — A cross-platform IDE for C and C++.
- CodeLite — Open source and cross-platform C/C++/PHP and Node.js IDE written in C++ .
- http://www.codelite.org/ || AUR
- Cloud9 — State-of-the-art IDE that runs in your browser and lives in the cloud, allowing you to run, debug and deploy applications from anywhere, anytime.
- https://c9.io/ || AUR
- Eclipse — Open source community project, which aims to provide a universal development platform.
- https://eclipse.org/ || , ,
- Eric — Full-featured Python and Ruby IDE in PyQt5.
- Gambas — Free development environment based on a Basic interpreter with object extensions.
- Geany — Text editor using the GTK+ toolkit with basic features of an integrated development environment.
- IntelliJ IDEA — IDE for Java, Groovy and other programming languages with advanced refactoring features.
- KDevelop — Feature-full, plugin extensible IDE for C/C++ and other programming languages.
- Komodo Edit — A free, multi-language editor.
- Lazarus — Cross-platform IDE for Object Pascal.
- LiteIDE — A simple, open source, cross-platform Go IDE.
- MonoDevelop — Cross-platform IDE targeted for the Mono and .NET frameworks.
- http://monodevelop.com/ || AUR
- MPLAB — IDE for Microchip PIC and dsPIC development
- Ninja-IDE — from the recursive acronym: "Ninja-IDE Is Not Just Another IDE", is a cross-platform integrated development environment (IDE); runs on Linux/X11, Mac OS X and Windows OSs. Used, for example, for Python development
- https://www.jetbrains.com/phpstorm/ || AUR AUR
- PyCharm — Python IDE with support for code analysis, debugging, unit testing, version control and web development with Django.
- Qt Creator — Lightweight, cross-platform C++ integrated development environment with a focus on Qt.
- Scratch — A multimedia authoring tool for educational and entertainment purposes, such as creating interactive projects and simple sprite-based games. It is used primarly by unskilled users (such as children) as an entry to event-driven programming. Scratch is free software under GPL v2 and Scratch Source Code License.
- http://scratch.mit.edu || AUR
- Spyder — Scientific PYthon Development EnviRonment providing MATLAB-like features.
- https://github.com/spyder-ide/spyder || (Python 2) or (Python 3)
- Thonny — Python IDE for beginners.
- http://thonny.cs.ut.ee/ || AUR
- Apache Ant — Java library and command-line tool whose mission is to drive processes described in build files as targets and extension points dependent upon each other.
- Apache Maven — Software project management and comprehension tool.
- Gradle — Powerful build system for the JVM.
- Phing — PHP program designed to automate tasks of all kinds.
- https://www.phing.info/ || AUR
See also Wikipedia:Comparison of file managers.
- Clex — File manager with full-screen user interface
- http://www.clex.sk/ || AUR
- dired — Ancient DIRectory EDitor since 1980.
- Last File Manager — Powerful file manager written in Python 3 with a curses interface.
- lf — Terminal file manager written in Go using server/client architecture.
- Midnight Commander — Console-based, dual-paneled file manager.
- nffm — "Nothing Fancy File Manager", a mouseless ncurses file manager written in C.
- Pilot — File manager that comes with the Alpine email client.
- Ranger — Console-based file manager with vi bindings, customizability, and lots of features.
- Vifm — Ncurses-based two-panel file manager with vi-like keybindings.
- Caja — The file manager for the MATE desktop.
- Deepin File Manager — File manager developed for Deepin.
- Dolphin — File manager included in the KDE desktop.
- Double Commander — File manager with two panels side by side. It is inspired by Total Commander and features some new ideas.
- emelFM2 — File manager that implements the popular two-panel design.
- Gentoo — A lightweight file manager for GTK.
- GNOME Commander — A dual-paned file manager for the GNOME Desktop.
- http://gcmd.github.io/ || AUR
- GNOME Files — Extensible, heavyweight file manager used by default in GNOME with support for custom scripts.
- Konqueror — File manager and web browser for the KDE desktop.
- Krusader — Advanced twin panel (Midnight Commander style) file manager for the KDE desktop.
- Liri Files — The file manager for Liri.
- muCommander — A lightweight, cross-platform file manager with a dual-pane interface written in Java.
- http://www.mucommander.com/ || AUR
- Nemo — Nemo is the file manager of the Cinnamon desktop. A fork of Nautilus.
- PathFinder — File browser that comes with the FOX toolkit.
- PCManFM — Lightweight file manager which features tabbed and dual pane browsing; also it can optionally manage the desktop icons and background.
- qtFM — Small, lightweight filemanager for Linux desktops based on pure Qt.
- http://www.qtfm.org/ || AUR
- ROX — Small and fast file manager which can optionally manage the desktop background and panels.
- SpaceFM — GTK+ multi-panel tabbed file manager.
- Sunflower — Small and highly customizable twin-panel file manager for Linux with support for plugins.
- http://sunflower-fm.org/ || AUR
- Thunar — File manager that can be run as a daemon with excellent start up and directory load times.
- trolCommander — Lightweight, cross-platform file manager written in Java (Successor of muCommander)
- Tux Commander — Windowed file manager with two panels side by side similar to popular Total Commander or Midnight Commander file managers.
- Worker — Fast, lightweight and feature-rich file manager for the X Window System.
- Xfe — Microsoft Explorer-like file manager for X (X File Explorer).
- http://roland65.free.fr/xfe/ || AUR
- trash-cli — A command-line interface implementing FreeDesktop.org's Trash specification.
- FreeFileSync — Folder comparison and synchronization software that creates and manages backup copies of all your important files.
- rclone — Command line program to sync files and directories to and from cloud storage services as well as between local paths.
- rsync — File transfer program that uses the "rsync algorithm" which provides a very fast method for bringing remote files into sync. It does this by sending just the differences in the files across the link, without requiring that both sets of files are present at one of the ends of the link beforehand.
- Syncthing — Continuous file synchronization program. It synchronizes files between two or more computers in a simple way without advanced configuration.
- Synkron — Application that helps you keep your files and folders always updated. You can easily sync your documents, music or pictures to have their latest versions everywhere.
- Unison — File synchronization tool that allows two replicas of a collection of files and directories to be stored on different hosts (or different disks on the same host), modified separately, and then brought up to date by propagating the changes in each replica to the other.
Archiving and compression tools
See also Wikipedia:Comparison of file archivers.
- atool — Script for managing file archives of various types.
- arj — An archiver that formerly used on DOS/Windows in mid-1990s. This is an open source clone.
- cpio — GNU tool supporting cpio and tar file archive formats.
- dar — An archiving and compression utility avoiding the drawbacks of tar
- DAR - Disk ARchive || AUR
- lha — Archiver to create LH-7 format archives. 32-bit only (require multilib on x86_64).
- lrzip — Multi-threaded compressor using the rzip/lzma, lzo, and zpaq algorithms.
- lz4 — A file compressor using lz4 - An extremely fast compression algorithm.
- lzop — Fast file compressor using lzo lib.
- p7zip — Port of 7-Zip for POSIX systems, including Linux. The commandline tool is called 7z.
- pixz — A multi-threaded and indexed compressor that avoiding the drawbacks of xz.
- tar — GNU utility for manipulating the ubiquitous tar archives (tarballs).
- zpaq — A high compression ratio archiver written in C++. Powered by Context-Model, LZ77 and BWT algorithm.
- zopfli — High compress ratio file compressor from Google, using a deflate-compatible algorithm called zopfli.
- zoo — Rarely used archiver that was mostly used in VMS world before PKZIP became popular.
- Ark — Archiving tool included in the KDE desktop.
- Engrampa — Archive manager for MATE
- File Roller — Archive manager included in the GNOME desktop.
- p7zip-gui — The GUI belonging to the p7zip software.
- PeaZip — Open source file and archive manager.
- http://www.peazip.org/peazip-linux.html || AUR AUR
- Squeeze — Featherweight front-end for commandline archiving tools.
- http://squeeze.xfce.org/ || AUR
- Xarchiver — Lightweight desktop independent archive manager built with GTK+.
Comparison, diff, merge
For managing pacnew/pacsave files, specialised tools exist. See Pacnew and Pacsave files#Managing .pacnew files.
- colordiff — A Perl script wrapper for 'diff' that produces the same output but with pretty 'syntax' highlighting.
- Diffuse — Small and simple text merge tool written in Python.
- KDiff3 — File and directory diff and merge tool for the KDE desktop.
- Kompare — GUI front-end program for viewing and merging differences between source files. It supports a variety of diff formats and provides many options to customize the information level displayed.
- Meld — Visual diff and merge tool that can compare files, directories, and version controlled projects.
- xxdiff — A graphical browser for file and directory differences.
- http://furius.ca/xxdiff/ || AUR
- GPRename — GTK+ batch renamer for files and directories.
- KRename — Very powerful batch file renamer for the KDE desktop.
- metamorphose2 — wxPython based batch renamer with support for regular expressions, renaming multimedia files according to their metadata, etc.
- pyRenamer — Application for the mass renaming of files.
- rename.pl — Batch renamer based on perl regex.
- Basenji — Volume indexing tool designed for easy and fast indexing of CD/DVD and other type of volume collections.
- fuzzy-find — Fuzzy completion for finding files.
- fzf — General-purpose command-line fuzzy finder.
- Baloo — KDE's file indexing and search solution
- Catfish — Versatile file searching tool
- Docfetcher — A java open source desktop search application
- Gnome Search Tool — Default Gnome utility to search for files
- Recoll — Full text search tool based on Xapian backend
- Searchmonkey — A powerful GUI search utility for matching regex patterns
- Tracker — All-in-one indexer, search tool and metadata database.
- BleachBit — It frees disk space and guards your privacy; frees cache, deletes cookies, clears Internet history, shreds temporary files, deletes logs, and discards junk you didn't know was there.
- fdupes — a program for identifying or deleting duplicate files residing within specified directories
- fslint — A utility to find and clean various forms of lint on a filesystem
- gconf-cleaner — cleans up the unknown/invalid gconf keys that still sitting down on your gconf database
- rmlint — Tool to quickly find (and optionally remove) duplicate files and other lint
Disk usage display
- duc — A library and suite of tools for inspecting disk usage.
- http://duc.zevv.nl/ || AUR
- Filelight — Disk usage analyzer that creates an interactive map of concentric, segmented rings that help visualise disk usage on your computer.
- GdMap — Disk usage analyzer that draws a map of rectangles sized according to file or dir sizes.
- gt5 — Diff-capable "du-browser".
- http://gt5.sourceforge.net || AUR
- ncdu — Simple ncurses disk usage analyzer.
- qdirstat — Qt-based directory statistics (KDirStat/K4DirStat without any KDE - from the original KDirStat author).
- Conky — Lightweight, scriptable system monitor.
- Collectd — A simple, extensible system monitoring daemon based on rrdtool. It has a small footprint and can be set up either stand-alone or as a server/client application.
- collectl — Collectl is a light-weight performance monitoring tool capable of reporting interactively as well as logging to disk. It reports statistics on cpu, disk, infiniband, lustre, memory, network, nfs, process, quadrics, slabs and more in easy to read format.
- dstat — Versatile resource statistics tool.
- http://dag.wieers.com/home-made/dstat/ || or AUR
- Fsniper — Daemon to run scripts based on changes in files monitored by inotify.
- glances — CLI curses-based monitoring tool in Python.
- gnome-system-monitor — A system monitor for GNOME.
- htop — Simple, ncurses interactive process viewer.
- https://userbase.kde.org/KSysGuard || or as part of AUR
- linux process explorer — Graphical process explorer for Linux.
- LXTask — Lightweight task manager for LXDE.
- mate-system-monitor — A GTK2 system monitor for MATE.
- netdata — A web-based real-time performance monitor
- Task Manager — GTK2 process mangement application for Xfce.
- Telegraf — Telegraf is an agent written in Go for collecting, processing, aggregating, and writing metrics.
- Sysstat — A collection of resource monitoring tools: iostat, isag, mpstat, pidstat, sadf, sar.
- xosview — A system monitor that resembles gr_osview from SGI IRIX
System information viewers
- alsi — A system information tool for Arch Linux. It can be configured for every other system without even touching the source code of the script.
- archey2 — Simple python script that displays the arch logo and some basic information. Python 2.x version.
- archey3 — Python script to display system infomation alongside the Arch Linux logo.
- dmidecode — It reports information about your system's hardware as described in your system BIOS according to the SMBIOS/DMI standard.
- hwdetect — Simple script to list modules that are exported in
- hwinfo — Powerful hardware detection tool come from openSUSE.
- inxi — A script to get system information.
- https://github.com/smxi/inxi || AUR
- neofetch — A fast, highly customizable system info script that supports displaying images with w3m.
- screenfetch — Similar to archey but has an option to take a screenshot. Written in bash.
- hardinfo — A small application that displays information about your hardware and operating system, it looks like the Device Manager in Windows.
- i-Nex — An application that gathers information for hardware components available on your system and displays it using an user interface similar to the popular Windows tool CPU-Z.
- http://i-nex.linux.pl/ || AUR
- lshw — A small tool to provide detailed information on the hardware configuration of the machine with CLI and GTK interfaces.
- KDE Info Center — Shows hardware and software information.
Keyboard layout switchers
- fbxkb — A NETWM compliant keyboard indicator and switcher. It shows a flag of current keyboard in a systray area and allows you to switch to another one.
- xxkb — A lightweight keyboard layout indicator and switcher.
- qxkb — A keyboard switcher written in Qt.
- X Neural Switcher — A text analyser, it detects the language of the input and corrects the keyboard layout if needed.
- http://www.xneur.ru/ || AUR, AUR (GUI)
See Power management.
See the main article: Internationalization#Input methods in Xorg.
Version control systems
- Bazaar — Distributed version control system that helps you track project history over time and to collaborate easily with others.
- Darcs — Distributed revision control system that was designed to replace traditional, centralized source control systems such as CVS and Subversion.
- Git — Distributed revision control and source code management system with an emphasis on speed.
- Mercurial — Distributed version control system written in Python and similar in many ways to Git.
- Subversion — Full-featured centralized version control system originally designed to be a better CVS.