Difference between revisions of "Lm sensors"

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[[Category:Mainboards and BIOS (English)]]
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[[Category:Status monitoring and notification]]
[[Category:CPU (English)]]
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[[Category:CPU]]
[[Category:Daemons and system services (English)]]
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[[cs:Lm sensors]]
{{i18n|lm sensors}}
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[[es:Lm sensors]]
[http://www.lm-sensors.org/ lm_sensors] (Linux-monitoring sensors), a free open source software-tool for Linux, provides tools and drivers for monitoring temperatures, voltage, and fans.
+
[[ru:Lm sensors]]
 
+
[[uk:Lm sensors]]
This document tells you how to install, setup, and use '''lm_sensors''' so that you can monitor CPU and/or motherboard temperature and fan speeds.
+
[[zh-CN:Lm sensors]]
 
+
[[ja:Lm sensors]]
== Notice for kernels >=2.6.31 ==
+
{{lowercase title}}
A change in version 2.6.31 has made sensors stop working for some users.  See [http://www.lm-sensors.org/wiki/FAQ/Chapter3#Mysensorshavestoppedworkinginkernel2.6.31 this FAQ entry] for a detailed explanation and for some example errors.  To fix sensors, add the following to your kernel boot line and reboot your machine.
+
[http://www.lm-sensors.org/ lm_sensors] (Linux monitoring sensors) is a free and open-source application that provides tools and drivers for monitoring temperatures, voltage, and fans. This document explains how to install, configure, and use lm_sensors so that you can monitor CPU temperatures, motherboard temperatures, and fan speeds.
{{Warning|In some situations, this may be dangerous.  Consult the FAQ for details.}}
+
 
+
acpi_enforce_resources=lax
+
 
+
If using [[grub]], edit {{Filename|/boot/grub/menu.lst}}:
+
title          Arch Linux
+
root            (hd0,1)
+
kernel          /boot/vmlinuz-linux root=/dev/sda2 ro quiet acpi_enforce_resources=lax
+
initrd          /boot/initramfs-linux.img
+
 
+
If using [[grub2]], edit {{Filename|/etc/grub/defaults}} and then rebuild {{Filename|/boot/grub/grub.cfg}}.  The following is an example of a completed grub.cfg:
+
<pre>menuentry 'Arch Linux, with Linux vmlinuz-linux' --class archlinux --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os {
+
        load_video
+
        insmod part_msdos
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        insmod ext2
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        set root='(/dev/sda,msdos2)'
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        search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 1cc527cc-26a0-40c8-a7ec-364f7fcd0e41
+
        echo    'Loading Linux vmlinuz-linux ...'
+
        linux  /vmlinuz-linux root=/dev/disk/by-uuid/de78e45a-760e-4f39-8884-e3cf5b9b09fb ro quiet acpi_enforce_resources=lax
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        echo    'Loading initial ramdisk ...'
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        initrd  /initramfs-linux.img
+
}</pre>
+
  
 
== Usage ==
 
== Usage ==
 
=== Installation ===
 
=== Installation ===
Install the sensors package from the main repo
+
Install the {{Pkg|lm_sensors}} package from the [[Official Repositories|official repositories]].
# pacman -S lm_sensors
+
  
 
=== Setting up lm_sensors ===
 
=== Setting up lm_sensors ===
Use '''sensors-detect''' to detect and generate a list of kernel modules<br><pre># sensors-detect</pre>This will create the configuration and store it in {{Filename|/etc/conf.d/lm_sensors}}.  Be sure you answer YES to the questions about probing various sensors. When the script is finished, you will be presented with a summary of the probes, example from my system
+
Use '''sensors-detect''' to detect and generate a list of kernel modules:
<pre>Now follows a summary of the probes I have just done.
+
# sensors-detect
 +
This will create the {{ic|/etc/conf.d/lm_sensors}} configuration file which is used by the {{ic|sensors}} daemon to automatically load kernel modules on bootYou will be asked if you want to probe for various hardware. The "safe" answers are the defaults, so just hitting {{Keypress|Enter}} to all the questions will generally not cause any problems.  
 +
 
 +
When the detection is finished, you will be presented with a summary of the probes. Here is an example summary from my system:
 +
{{hc|# sensors-detect|<nowiki>
 +
Now follows a summary of the probes I have just done.
 
Just press ENTER to continue:
 
Just press ENTER to continue:
 
Driver `it87':
 
Driver `it87':
Line 45: Line 27:
 
     Chip `ITE IT8718F Super IO Sensors' (confidence: 9)
 
     Chip `ITE IT8718F Super IO Sensors' (confidence: 9)
 
Driver `coretemp':
 
Driver `coretemp':
   * Chip `Intel Core family thermal sensor' (confidence: 9)</pre>
+
   * Chip `Intel Core family thermal sensor' (confidence: 9)
If you receive follow message:
+
</nowiki>}}
No i2c device files found.
+
If you plan on using the daemon, be sure to answer '''YES''' when asked if you want to to generate {{ic|/etc/conf.d/lm_sensors}}.
Try this command:
+
 
# modprobe i2c-dev
+
To automatically load the kernel modules at boot time, add {{ic|sensors}} to the {{ic|DAEMONS}} array in {{ic|/etc/rc.conf}}
Automatically load the kernel modules at boot time by adding '''sensors''' to the '''DAEMONS''' array in {{Filename|/etc/rc.conf}}<pre>DAEMONS=(syslog-ng crond ... sensors ...)</pre>Alternatively, manually add them to your '''MODULES''' array in {{Filename|/etc/rc.conf}} <pre>MODULES=(coretemp it87 acpi-cpufreq)</pre> You do '''NOT''' need both the DAEMONS setting and the MODULES setting.
+
DAEMONS=(syslog-ng crond ... sensors ...)
 +
 
 +
On a systemd system you just need:
 +
systemctl enable lm_sensors.service
 +
 
 +
Alternatively, instead of using the daemon, you can add the modules to the {{ic|MODULES}} array in {{ic|/etc/modules-load.d/lm_sensors.conf}}:
 +
coretemp
 +
it87
 +
acpi-cpufreq
 +
 
 +
=== Automatic lm_sensors deployment ===
 +
If you wish to deploy lm-sensors on multiple diferent linux machines issue is that sensors-detect ask you quite a few questions. There are few tricks that you can use to automate replies.
 +
 
 +
First one is if you wish to accept defaults which sensors-detect suggest you need just to press [ENTER] all the time. To automate this use this one liner:
 +
 +
# yes "" | sensors-detect
 +
 +
If you wish to override defaults and answer YES to all questions then use this oneliner:
 +
 +
# yes | sensors-detect
  
 
=== Testing your lm_sensors ===
 
=== Testing your lm_sensors ===
To test your setup, load the kernel modules manually or by using the sensors init script.  You do '''NOT''' have to do both.
+
To test your setup, load the kernel modules manually or by using the {{ic|/etc/rc.d/sensors}} init script.  You do '''NOT''' have to do both.
 
Example manually adding them
 
Example manually adding them
 
  # modprobe it87
 
  # modprobe it87
 
  # modprobe coretemp
 
  # modprobe coretemp
 
Example using the script
 
Example using the script
  # /etc/rc.d/sensors start
+
  # rc.d start sensors
  
 
You should see something like this when you run sensors
 
You should see something like this when you run sensors
<pre>$ sensors
+
{{hc|$ sensors|<nowiki>
 
coretemp-isa-0000
 
coretemp-isa-0000
 
Adapter: ISA adapter
 
Adapter: ISA adapter
Line 99: Line 100:
 
acpitz-virtual-0
 
acpitz-virtual-0
 
Adapter: Virtual device
 
Adapter: Virtual device
temp1:      +18.0°C  (crit = +64.0°C)</pre>
+
temp1:      +18.0°C  (crit = +64.0°C)
 +
</nowiki>}}
  
=== Reading SPD values from memory modules (Optional) ===
+
=== Reading SPD values from memory modules (optional) ===
  
To read the SPD timing values from your memory modules, install {{Package AUR|i2c-tools}} from [[AUR]]. Once you have i2c-tools installed you will need to load the eeprom kernel module.
+
To read the SPD timing values from your memory modules, install {{pkg|i2c-tools}} from the [[Official Repositories|official repositories]]. Once you have i2c-tools installed, you will need to load the {{ic|eeprom}} [[Kernel_modules|kernel module]].
 
  # modprobe eeprom
 
  # modprobe eeprom
Finally you can view your memory information with
+
Finally, you can view your memory information with {{ic|decode-dimms}}.
$ decode-dimms
+
  
Here is an example output from my machine:
+
Here is partial output from one machine:
<pre>$ decode-dimms  
+
{{hc|$ decode-dimms|<nowiki>
 
# decode-dimms version 5733 (2009-06-09 13:13:41 +0200)
 
# decode-dimms version 5733 (2009-06-09 13:13:41 +0200)
  
Line 171: Line 172:
 
Part Number                                    OCZ3G1600LV2G     
 
Part Number                                    OCZ3G1600LV2G     
  
 
+
...
Decoding EEPROM: /sys/bus/i2c/drivers/eeprom/0-0051
+
</nowiki>}}
Guessing DIMM is in                            bank 2
+
 
+
---=== SPD EEPROM Information ===---
+
EEPROM CRC of bytes 0-116                      OK (0x583F)
+
# of bytes written to SDRAM EEPROM              176
+
Total number of bytes in EEPROM                512
+
Fundamental Memory type                        DDR3 SDRAM
+
Module Type                                    UDIMM
+
 
+
---=== Memory Characteristics ===---
+
Fine time base                                  2.500 ps
+
Medium time base                                0.125 ns
+
Maximum module speed                            1066MHz (PC3-8533)
+
Size                                            2048 MB
+
Banks x Rows x Columns x Bits                  8 x 14 x 10 x 64
+
Ranks                                          2
+
SDRAM Device Width                              8 bits
+
tCL-tRCD-tRP-tRAS                              7-7-7-33
+
Supported CAS Latencies (tCL)                  8T, 7T, 6T, 5T
+
 
+
---=== Timing Parameters ===---
+
Minimum Write Recovery time (tWR)              15.000 ns
+
Minimum Row Active to Row Active Delay (tRRD)  7.500 ns
+
Minimum Active to Auto-Refresh Delay (tRC)      49.500 ns
+
Minimum Recovery Delay (tRFC)                  110.000 ns
+
Minimum Write to Read CMD Delay (tWTR)          7.500 ns
+
Minimum Read to Pre-charge CMD Delay (tRTP)    7.500 ns
+
Minimum Four Activate Window Delay (tFAW)      30.000 ns
+
 
+
---=== Optional Features ===---
+
Operable voltages                              1.5V
+
RZQ/6 supported?                                Yes
+
RZQ/7 supported?                                Yes
+
DLL-Off Mode supported?                        No
+
Operating temperature range                    0-85C
+
Refresh Rate in extended temp range            1X
+
Auto Self-Refresh?                              Yes
+
On-Die Thermal Sensor readout?                  No
+
Partial Array Self-Refresh?                    No
+
Thermal Sensor Accuracy                        Not implemented
+
SDRAM Device Type                              Standard Monolithic
+
 
+
---=== Physical Characteristics ===---
+
Module Height (mm)                              15
+
Module Thickness (mm)                          1 front, 1 back
+
Module Width (mm)                              133.5
+
Module Reference Card                          B
+
 
+
---=== Manufacturer Data ===---
+
Module Manufacturer                            Invalid
+
Manufacturing Location Code                    0x02
+
Part Number                                    OCZ3G1600LV2G   
+
 
+
 
+
Decoding EEPROM: /sys/bus/i2c/drivers/eeprom/0-0052
+
Guessing DIMM is in                            bank 3
+
 
+
---=== SPD EEPROM Information ===---
+
EEPROM CRC of bytes 0-116                      OK (0x583F)
+
# of bytes written to SDRAM EEPROM              176
+
Total number of bytes in EEPROM                512
+
Fundamental Memory type                        DDR3 SDRAM
+
Module Type                                    UDIMM
+
 
+
---=== Memory Characteristics ===---
+
Fine time base                                  2.500 ps
+
Medium time base                                0.125 ns
+
Maximum module speed                            1066MHz (PC3-8533)
+
Size                                            2048 MB
+
Banks x Rows x Columns x Bits                  8 x 14 x 10 x 64
+
Ranks                                          2
+
SDRAM Device Width                              8 bits
+
tCL-tRCD-tRP-tRAS                              7-7-7-33
+
Supported CAS Latencies (tCL)                  8T, 7T, 6T, 5T
+
 
+
---=== Timing Parameters ===---
+
Minimum Write Recovery time (tWR)              15.000 ns
+
Minimum Row Active to Row Active Delay (tRRD)  7.500 ns
+
Minimum Active to Auto-Refresh Delay (tRC)      49.500 ns
+
Minimum Recovery Delay (tRFC)                  110.000 ns
+
Minimum Write to Read CMD Delay (tWTR)          7.500 ns
+
Minimum Read to Pre-charge CMD Delay (tRTP)    7.500 ns
+
Minimum Four Activate Window Delay (tFAW)      30.000 ns
+
 
+
---=== Optional Features ===---
+
Operable voltages                              1.5V
+
RZQ/6 supported?                                Yes
+
RZQ/7 supported?                                Yes
+
DLL-Off Mode supported?                        No
+
Operating temperature range                    0-85C
+
Refresh Rate in extended temp range            1X
+
Auto Self-Refresh?                              Yes
+
On-Die Thermal Sensor readout?                  No
+
Partial Array Self-Refresh?                    No
+
Thermal Sensor Accuracy                        Not implemented
+
SDRAM Device Type                              Standard Monolithic
+
 
+
---=== Physical Characteristics ===---
+
Module Height (mm)                              15
+
Module Thickness (mm)                          1 front, 1 back
+
Module Width (mm)                              133.5
+
Module Reference Card                          B
+
 
+
---=== Manufacturer Data ===---
+
Module Manufacturer                            Invalid
+
Manufacturing Location Code                    0x02
+
Part Number                                    OCZ3G1600LV2G   
+
 
+
 
+
Number of SDRAM DIMMs detected and decoded: 3
+
</pre>
+
  
 
== Using sensor data ==
 
== Using sensor data ==
=== Graphical Frontends ===
+
=== Graphical Front-ends ===
There are a variety of front-ends for sensors data. Some are listed below.  The name in ''italicized text'' is the name of the package in the repo, in other words, you can install them via pacman.
+
There are a variety of front-ends for sensors data.
 +
*{{Pkg|xsensors}} - X11 interface to lm_sensors
 +
*{{Pkg|xfce4-sensors-plugin}} - A lm_sensors plugin for the [[Xfce]] panel
 +
*[[conky]] - Conky is an advanced, highly configurable system monitor for X based on torsmo
 +
*{{Pkg|kdeutils-superkaramba}} - Superkaramba is a tool which gives posibility to create different widgets for KDE desktop. Check the [http://www.kde-look.org/index.php?xcontentmode=38 karamba section on kde-look.org] for examples of making karamba front-ends for sensors data.
 +
*{{pkg|sensors-applet}} - applet for the [[GNOME]] Panel to display readings from hardware sensors, including CPU temperature, fan speeds and voltage readings.
  
#''sensors-applet'' -  an applet for the GNOME Panel to display readings from hardware sensors, including CPU temperature, fan speeds and voltage readings.
+
=== sensord ===
#''ksensors'' - ksensors is nice lm_sensors frontend for KDE
+
There is an optional daemon called sensord (included with the {{Pkg|lm_sensors}} package) which can log your data to a round robin database (rrd) and later visualize graphically.  See the sensord man page for details.
#''xsensors'' - X11 interface to lm_sensors
+
#''xfce4-sensors-plugin'' - A lm_sensors plugin for the Xfce panel
+
#''[[conky]]'' - Conky is an advanced, highly configurable system monitor for X based on torsmo
+
#''kdeutils-superkaramba'' - Superkaramba is a tool which gives posibility to create different widgets for KDE desktop. Check the [http://www.kde-look.org/index.php?xcontentmode=38 karamba section on kde-look.org] for examples of making karamba front-ends for sensors data.
+
#''hardware-monitor'' - a GNOME Panel applet that displays some sensors readings as well as other hardware monitoring. [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=18093 AUR package]
+
=== Sensord ===
+
There is an optional daemon logging package called sensord that can log your data to a round robin database (rrd) that you can visualize graphically.  Placeholder for someone to write a wiki page on installation/configuration of [[sensord]].
+
  
 
==Troubleshooting==
 
==Troubleshooting==
 +
=== Renumbering Cores for Multi-CPU Systems ===
 +
In rare cases, the actual numbering of physical cores on multi-processor motherboards can be incorrect.  Consider the following HP Z600 workstation with dual Xeons:
 +
{{hc|$ sensors|<nowiki>
 +
coretemp-isa-0000
 +
Adapter: ISA adapter
 +
Core 0:      +65.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
 +
Core 1:      +65.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
 +
Core 9:      +66.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
 +
Core 10:      +66.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
  
===Asus P8P67, Intel dh67cf motherboard===
+
coretemp-isa-0004
 +
Adapter: ISA adapter
 +
Core 0:      +54.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
 +
Core 1:      +56.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
 +
Core 9:      +60.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
 +
Core 10:      +61.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
  
Issue: on Asus P8P67 and Intel DH67CF motherboard lm-sensors cannot detect fans. This related with lm-sensors yet not support NCT6776F chip.
+
smsc47b397-isa-0480
 +
Adapter: ISA adapter
 +
fan1:        1730 RPM
 +
fan2:        1746 RPM
 +
fan3:        1224 RPM
 +
fan4:        2825 RPM
 +
temp1:        +46.0°C
 +
temp2:        +37.0°C
 +
temp3:        +23.0°C
 +
temp4:      -128.0°C
 +
</nowiki>}}
  
Solutions:
+
Note the cores are numbered 0, 1, 9, 10 which is repeated into the second CPU. Most users want the core temperatures to report out in sequential order, i.e. 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7. Fixing the order is accomplished in two steps.
* Upgrade kernel26 to 2.6.39. The module w83627ehf includes support for the Nuvoton NCT6776F in the stock kernel despite what http://www.lm-sensors.org/wiki/Devices says as of 2011-05-20.
+
* compile standalone driver.
+
  
You can download the source from http://mail.planet-ian.com/w83627ehf
+
====Step 1. ID what each chip is reporting ====
  
Then execute:
+
Run {{ic|sensors}} with the {{ic|-u}} switch to see what options are available for each physical chip:
$ cd <source dir>
+
$ make
+
# make install
+
# modprobe w83627ehf
+
You should add w83627ehf in MODULES array in {{Filename|/etc/rc.conf}}.
+
  
Put your {{Filename|/etc/sensors.d/sensors.conf}} following text:
+
{{hc|$ sensors -u coretemp-isa-0000|<nowiki>
{{file|name=/etc/sensors.d/sensors.conf|content=
+
coretemp-isa-0000
# nct6776 values for Asus p8p67
+
Adapter: ISA adapter
chip "nct6775-*" "nct6776-*"
+
Core 0:
    label temp1 "MB"
+
  temp2_input: 61.000
    set temp1_max 40
+
  temp2_max: 85.000
    set temp1_max_hyst 35
+
  temp2_crit: 95.000
 +
  temp2_crit_alarm: 0.000
 +
Core 1:
 +
  temp3_input: 61.000
 +
  temp3_max: 85.000
 +
  temp3_crit: 95.000
 +
  temp3_crit_alarm: 0.000
 +
Core 9:
 +
  temp11_input: 62.000
 +
  temp11_max: 85.000
 +
  temp11_crit: 95.000
 +
Core 10:
 +
  temp12_input: 63.000
 +
  temp12_max: 85.000
 +
  temp12_crit: 95.000
 +
</nowiki>}}
  
    ignore temp2
+
{{hc|$ sensors -u coretemp-isa-0004|<nowiki>
 +
coretemp-isa-0004
 +
Adapter: ISA adapter
 +
Core 0:
 +
  temp2_input: 53.000
 +
  temp2_max: 85.000
 +
  temp2_crit: 95.000
 +
  temp2_crit_alarm: 0.000
 +
Core 1:
 +
  temp3_input: 54.000
 +
  temp3_max: 85.000
 +
  temp3_crit: 95.000
 +
  temp3_crit_alarm: 0.000
 +
Core 9:
 +
  temp11_input: 59.000
 +
  temp11_max: 85.000
 +
  temp11_crit: 95.000
 +
Core 10:
 +
  temp12_input: 59.000
 +
  temp12_max: 85.000
 +
  temp12_crit: 95.000
 +
</nowiki>}}
  
    label temp3 "CPU"
+
==== Step 2. Redefine the cores ====
  
    label fan1 "Chassis1"
+
Create {{ic|/etc/sensors.d/cores.conf}} wherein the new definitions are defined based on the output of step 1:
    label fan2 "CPU"
+
    label fan3 "Power"
+
    label fan4 "Chassis2"
+
  
    set fan1_min 200
+
{{hc|/etc/sensors.d/cores.conf|<nowiki>
    set fan2_min 400
+
chip "coretemp-isa-0000"
    set fan3_min 300
+
    set fan4_min 200
+
    ignore fan5
+
  
     label in0 "Vcore"
+
     label temp2 "Core 0"
     set in0_min  1 * 0.80
+
     label temp3 "Core 1"
     set in0_max  1 * 1.35
+
     label temp11 "Core 2"
 +
    label temp12 "Core 3"
  
    label in1 "+12V"
+
chip "coretemp-isa-0004"
    compute in1 @ * 12, @ / 12
+
    set in1_min  12 * 0.90
+
    set in1_max  12 * 1.10
+
  
     label in2 "AVCC"
+
     label temp2 "Core 4"
     set in2_min  3.3 * 0.90
+
     label temp3 "Core 5"
     set in2_max  3.3 * 1.10
+
     label temp11 "Core 6"
 +
    label temp12 "Core 7"</nowiki>}}
  
    label in3 "+3.3V"
+
Problem solvedOutput after completing these steps:
    set in3_min 3.3 * 0.90
+
    set in3_max  3.3 * 1.10
+
  
    label in4 "+5V"
+
{{hc|$ sensors|<nowiki>
    compute in4 @ * 5, @ / 5
+
coretemp-isa-0000
    set in4_min 5 * 0.90
+
Adapter: ISA adapter
    set in4_max 5 * 1.10
+
Core0:        +64.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
 +
Core1:        +63.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
 +
Core2:        +65.0°C (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
 +
Core3:        +66.0°C (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
  
    ignore in5
+
coretemp-isa-0004
 +
Adapter: ISA adapter
 +
Core4:        +53.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
 +
Core5:        +54.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
 +
Core6:        +59.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
 +
Core7:        +60.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
  
    label in7 "3VSB"
+
smsc47b397-isa-0480
    set in7_min 3.3 * 0.90
+
Adapter: ISA adapter
    set in7_max 3.3 * 1.10
+
fan1:        1734 RPM
 +
fan2:        1726 RPM
 +
fan3:        1222 RPM
 +
fan4:        2827 RPM
 +
temp1:        +45.0°C  
 +
temp2:        +37.0°C 
 +
temp3:        +23.0°C  
 +
temp4:      -128.0°C 
 +
</nowiki>}}
  
    label in8 "Vbat"
+
=== Sensors not working since Linux 2.6.31 ===
    set in8_min 3.3 * 0.90
+
A change in version 2.6.31 has made some sensors stop working. See [http://www.lm-sensors.org/wiki/FAQ/Chapter3#Mysensorshavestoppedworkinginkernel2.6.31 this FAQ entry] for a detailed explanation and for some example errorsTo fix sensors, add the following to your kernel boot line (e.g. in your [[GRUB]]/[[GRUB2]] configuration file) and reboot your machine:
    set in8_max 3.3 * 1.10
+
acpi_enforce_resources=lax
}}
+
{{Warning|In some situations, this may be dangerous. Consult the FAQ for details.}}
  
And execute:
+
Note that in most cases the information is still accessible via other modules (e.g. via ACPI modules) for the hardware in question. Many utilities and monitors (e.g. {{ic|/usr/bin/sensors}}) can gather information from either source.  Where possible, this is the preferred solution.
  sensors -s
+
  
 
===K10Temp Module===
 
===K10Temp Module===
  
Issue: There's a bug in k10temp with >=2.6.39 kernels that when loading the k10temp module an error is thrown: "k10temp unreliable CPU thermal sensor; monitoring disabled".
+
Some K10 processors have issues with their temperature sensor.  From the kernel documentation ({{ic|linux-&lt;version&gt;/Documentation/hwmon/k10temp}}):
 +
:''All these processors have a sensor, but on those for Socket F or AM2+, the sensor may return inconsistent values (erratum 319). The driver will refuse to load on these revisions unless you specify the {{ic|1=force=1}} module parameter.''
 +
 
 +
:''Due to technical reasons, the driver can detect only the mainboard's socket type, not the processor's actual capabilities. Therefore, if you are using an AM3 processor on an AM2+ mainboard, you can safely use the {{ic|1=force=1}} parameter.''
  
Solution:
+
On affected machines the module will report "unreliable CPU thermal sensor; monitoring disabled". If you still want to use the module you can:
* Load module with force=1
+
 
  # rmmod k10temp
 
  # rmmod k10temp
 
  # modprobe k10temp force=1
 
  # modprobe k10temp force=1
Confirm with [[Lm_sensors#Testing your lm_sensors]] that the sensor is in fact valid and reliable, if it is you can then make it apply at boot:
+
Confirm with [[Lm_sensors#Testing your lm_sensors]] that the sensor is in fact valid and reliable. If it is, you can edit {{ic|/etc/modprobe.d/k10temp.conf}} and add:
Edit "/etc/modprobe.d/k10temp.conf" and add:
+
 
  options k10temp force=1
 
  options k10temp force=1
 +
This will allow the module to load at boot.
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
*[[hddtemp]] - Software to read temps of HDDs.
+
*[[hddtemp]] - Software to read temperatures of hard drives.
 
*[[monitorix]] - Monitorix is a free, open source, lightweight system monitoring tool designed to monitor as many services and system resources as possible.
 
*[[monitorix]] - Monitorix is a free, open source, lightweight system monitoring tool designed to monitor as many services and system resources as possible.

Revision as of 21:15, 11 January 2013

lm_sensors (Linux monitoring sensors) is a free and open-source application that provides tools and drivers for monitoring temperatures, voltage, and fans. This document explains how to install, configure, and use lm_sensors so that you can monitor CPU temperatures, motherboard temperatures, and fan speeds.

Usage

Installation

Install the lm_sensors package from the official repositories.

Setting up lm_sensors

Use sensors-detect to detect and generate a list of kernel modules:

# sensors-detect

This will create the /etc/conf.d/lm_sensors configuration file which is used by the sensors daemon to automatically load kernel modules on boot. You will be asked if you want to probe for various hardware. The "safe" answers are the defaults, so just hitting Template:Keypress to all the questions will generally not cause any problems.

When the detection is finished, you will be presented with a summary of the probes. Here is an example summary from my system:

# sensors-detect
Now follows a summary of the probes I have just done.
Just press ENTER to continue:
Driver `it87':
  * ISA bus, address 0x290
     Chip `ITE IT8718F Super IO Sensors' (confidence: 9)
Driver `coretemp':
  * Chip `Intel Core family thermal sensor' (confidence: 9)

If you plan on using the daemon, be sure to answer YES when asked if you want to to generate /etc/conf.d/lm_sensors.

To automatically load the kernel modules at boot time, add sensors to the DAEMONS array in /etc/rc.conf

DAEMONS=(syslog-ng crond ... sensors ...)

On a systemd system you just need:

systemctl enable lm_sensors.service

Alternatively, instead of using the daemon, you can add the modules to the MODULES array in /etc/modules-load.d/lm_sensors.conf:

coretemp
it87
acpi-cpufreq

Automatic lm_sensors deployment

If you wish to deploy lm-sensors on multiple diferent linux machines issue is that sensors-detect ask you quite a few questions. There are few tricks that you can use to automate replies.

First one is if you wish to accept defaults which sensors-detect suggest you need just to press [ENTER] all the time. To automate this use this one liner:

# yes "" | sensors-detect

If you wish to override defaults and answer YES to all questions then use this oneliner:

# yes | sensors-detect

Testing your lm_sensors

To test your setup, load the kernel modules manually or by using the /etc/rc.d/sensors init script. You do NOT have to do both. Example manually adding them

# modprobe it87
# modprobe coretemp

Example using the script

# rc.d start sensors

You should see something like this when you run sensors

$ sensors
coretemp-isa-0000
Adapter: ISA adapter
Core 0:      +30.0°C  (high = +76.0°C, crit = +100.0°C)  

coretemp-isa-0001
Adapter: ISA adapter
Core 1:      +30.0°C  (high = +76.0°C, crit = +100.0°C)  

coretemp-isa-0002
Adapter: ISA adapter
Core 2:      +32.0°C  (high = +76.0°C, crit = +100.0°C)  

coretemp-isa-0003
Adapter: ISA adapter
Core 3:      +30.0°C  (high = +76.0°C, crit = +100.0°C)  

it8718-isa-0290
Adapter: ISA adapter
in0:         +1.17 V  (min =  +0.00 V, max =  +4.08 V)   
in1:         +1.31 V  (min =  +1.28 V, max =  +1.68 V)   
in2:         +3.28 V  (min =  +2.78 V, max =  +3.78 V)   
in3:         +2.88 V  (min =  +2.67 V, max =  +3.26 V)   
in4:         +2.98 V  (min =  +2.50 V, max =  +3.49 V)   
in5:         +1.34 V  (min =  +0.58 V, max =  +1.34 V)   ALARM
in6:         +2.02 V  (min =  +1.04 V, max =  +1.36 V)   ALARM
in7:         +2.83 V  (min =  +2.67 V, max =  +3.26 V)   
Vbat:        +3.28 V
fan1:       1500 RPM  (min = 3245 RPM)  ALARM
fan2:          0 RPM  (min = 3245 RPM)  ALARM
fan3:          0 RPM  (min = 3245 RPM)  ALARM
temp1:       +18.0°C  (low  = +127.0°C, high = +64.0°C)  sensor = thermal diode
temp2:       +32.0°C  (low  = +127.0°C, high = +64.0°C)  sensor = thermistor
temp3:       +38.0°C  (low  = +127.0°C, high = +64.0°C)  sensor = thermistor
cpu0_vid:   +2.050 V

acpitz-virtual-0
Adapter: Virtual device
temp1:       +18.0°C  (crit = +64.0°C)

Reading SPD values from memory modules (optional)

To read the SPD timing values from your memory modules, install i2c-tools from the official repositories. Once you have i2c-tools installed, you will need to load the eeprom kernel module.

# modprobe eeprom

Finally, you can view your memory information with decode-dimms.

Here is partial output from one machine:

$ decode-dimms
# decode-dimms version 5733 (2009-06-09 13:13:41 +0200)

Memory Serial Presence Detect Decoder
By Philip Edelbrock, Christian Zuckschwerdt, Burkart Lingner,
Jean Delvare, Trent Piepho and others


Decoding EEPROM: /sys/bus/i2c/drivers/eeprom/0-0050
Guessing DIMM is in                             bank 1

---=== SPD EEPROM Information ===---
EEPROM CRC of bytes 0-116                       OK (0x583F)
# of bytes written to SDRAM EEPROM              176
Total number of bytes in EEPROM                 512
Fundamental Memory type                         DDR3 SDRAM
Module Type                                     UDIMM

---=== Memory Characteristics ===---
Fine time base                                  2.500 ps
Medium time base                                0.125 ns
Maximum module speed                            1066MHz (PC3-8533)
Size                                            2048 MB
Banks x Rows x Columns x Bits                   8 x 14 x 10 x 64
Ranks                                           2
SDRAM Device Width                              8 bits
tCL-tRCD-tRP-tRAS                               7-7-7-33
Supported CAS Latencies (tCL)                   8T, 7T, 6T, 5T

---=== Timing Parameters ===---
Minimum Write Recovery time (tWR)               15.000 ns
Minimum Row Active to Row Active Delay (tRRD)   7.500 ns
Minimum Active to Auto-Refresh Delay (tRC)      49.500 ns
Minimum Recovery Delay (tRFC)                   110.000 ns
Minimum Write to Read CMD Delay (tWTR)          7.500 ns
Minimum Read to Pre-charge CMD Delay (tRTP)     7.500 ns
Minimum Four Activate Window Delay (tFAW)       30.000 ns

---=== Optional Features ===---
Operable voltages                               1.5V
RZQ/6 supported?                                Yes
RZQ/7 supported?                                Yes
DLL-Off Mode supported?                         No
Operating temperature range                     0-85C
Refresh Rate in extended temp range             1X
Auto Self-Refresh?                              Yes
On-Die Thermal Sensor readout?                  No
Partial Array Self-Refresh?                     No
Thermal Sensor Accuracy                         Not implemented
SDRAM Device Type                               Standard Monolithic

---=== Physical Characteristics ===---
Module Height (mm)                              15
Module Thickness (mm)                           1 front, 1 back
Module Width (mm)                               133.5
Module Reference Card                           B

---=== Manufacturer Data ===---
Module Manufacturer                             Invalid
Manufacturing Location Code                     0x02
Part Number                                     OCZ3G1600LV2G     

...

Using sensor data

Graphical Front-ends

There are a variety of front-ends for sensors data.

  • xsensors - X11 interface to lm_sensors
  • xfce4-sensors-plugin - A lm_sensors plugin for the Xfce panel
  • conky - Conky is an advanced, highly configurable system monitor for X based on torsmo
  • kdeutils-superkaramba - Superkaramba is a tool which gives posibility to create different widgets for KDE desktop. Check the karamba section on kde-look.org for examples of making karamba front-ends for sensors data.
  • sensors-applet - applet for the GNOME Panel to display readings from hardware sensors, including CPU temperature, fan speeds and voltage readings.

sensord

There is an optional daemon called sensord (included with the lm_sensors package) which can log your data to a round robin database (rrd) and later visualize graphically. See the sensord man page for details.

Troubleshooting

Renumbering Cores for Multi-CPU Systems

In rare cases, the actual numbering of physical cores on multi-processor motherboards can be incorrect. Consider the following HP Z600 workstation with dual Xeons:

$ sensors
coretemp-isa-0000
Adapter: ISA adapter
Core 0:       +65.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
Core 1:       +65.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
Core 9:       +66.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
Core 10:      +66.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)

coretemp-isa-0004
Adapter: ISA adapter
Core 0:       +54.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
Core 1:       +56.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
Core 9:       +60.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
Core 10:      +61.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)

smsc47b397-isa-0480
Adapter: ISA adapter
fan1:        1730 RPM
fan2:        1746 RPM
fan3:        1224 RPM
fan4:        2825 RPM
temp1:        +46.0°C
temp2:        +37.0°C
temp3:        +23.0°C
temp4:       -128.0°C

Note the cores are numbered 0, 1, 9, 10 which is repeated into the second CPU. Most users want the core temperatures to report out in sequential order, i.e. 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7. Fixing the order is accomplished in two steps.

Step 1. ID what each chip is reporting

Run sensors with the -u switch to see what options are available for each physical chip:

$ sensors -u coretemp-isa-0000
coretemp-isa-0000
Adapter: ISA adapter
Core 0:
  temp2_input: 61.000
  temp2_max: 85.000
  temp2_crit: 95.000
  temp2_crit_alarm: 0.000
Core 1:
  temp3_input: 61.000
  temp3_max: 85.000
  temp3_crit: 95.000
  temp3_crit_alarm: 0.000
Core 9:
  temp11_input: 62.000
  temp11_max: 85.000
  temp11_crit: 95.000
Core 10:
  temp12_input: 63.000
  temp12_max: 85.000
  temp12_crit: 95.000
$ sensors -u coretemp-isa-0004
coretemp-isa-0004
Adapter: ISA adapter
Core 0:
  temp2_input: 53.000
  temp2_max: 85.000
  temp2_crit: 95.000
  temp2_crit_alarm: 0.000
Core 1:
  temp3_input: 54.000
  temp3_max: 85.000
  temp3_crit: 95.000
  temp3_crit_alarm: 0.000
Core 9:
  temp11_input: 59.000
  temp11_max: 85.000
  temp11_crit: 95.000
Core 10:
  temp12_input: 59.000
  temp12_max: 85.000
  temp12_crit: 95.000

Step 2. Redefine the cores

Create /etc/sensors.d/cores.conf wherein the new definitions are defined based on the output of step 1:

/etc/sensors.d/cores.conf
chip "coretemp-isa-0000"

    label temp2 "Core 0"
    label temp3 "Core 1"
    label temp11 "Core 2"
    label temp12 "Core 3"

chip "coretemp-isa-0004"

    label temp2 "Core 4"
    label temp3 "Core 5"
    label temp11 "Core 6"
    label temp12 "Core 7"

Problem solved. Output after completing these steps:

$ sensors
coretemp-isa-0000
Adapter: ISA adapter
Core0:        +64.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
Core1:        +63.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
Core2:        +65.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
Core3:        +66.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)

coretemp-isa-0004
Adapter: ISA adapter
Core4:        +53.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
Core5:        +54.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
Core6:        +59.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)
Core7:        +60.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +95.0°C)

smsc47b397-isa-0480
Adapter: ISA adapter
fan1:        1734 RPM
fan2:        1726 RPM
fan3:        1222 RPM
fan4:        2827 RPM
temp1:        +45.0°C  
temp2:        +37.0°C  
temp3:        +23.0°C  
temp4:       -128.0°C  

Sensors not working since Linux 2.6.31

A change in version 2.6.31 has made some sensors stop working. See this FAQ entry for a detailed explanation and for some example errors. To fix sensors, add the following to your kernel boot line (e.g. in your GRUB/GRUB2 configuration file) and reboot your machine:

acpi_enforce_resources=lax
Warning: In some situations, this may be dangerous. Consult the FAQ for details.

Note that in most cases the information is still accessible via other modules (e.g. via ACPI modules) for the hardware in question. Many utilities and monitors (e.g. /usr/bin/sensors) can gather information from either source. Where possible, this is the preferred solution.

K10Temp Module

Some K10 processors have issues with their temperature sensor. From the kernel documentation (linux-<version>/Documentation/hwmon/k10temp):

All these processors have a sensor, but on those for Socket F or AM2+, the sensor may return inconsistent values (erratum 319). The driver will refuse to load on these revisions unless you specify the force=1 module parameter.
Due to technical reasons, the driver can detect only the mainboard's socket type, not the processor's actual capabilities. Therefore, if you are using an AM3 processor on an AM2+ mainboard, you can safely use the force=1 parameter.

On affected machines the module will report "unreliable CPU thermal sensor; monitoring disabled". If you still want to use the module you can:

# rmmod k10temp
# modprobe k10temp force=1

Confirm with Lm_sensors#Testing your lm_sensors that the sensor is in fact valid and reliable. If it is, you can edit /etc/modprobe.d/k10temp.conf and add:

options k10temp force=1

This will allow the module to load at boot.

See also

  • hddtemp - Software to read temperatures of hard drives.
  • monitorix - Monitorix is a free, open source, lightweight system monitoring tool designed to monitor as many services and system resources as possible.