MAC address spoofing (简体中文)

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在 Arch 中有两种方法欺骗 Media Access Control (MAC) 地址。这两种方法下面详细介绍。

警告: 改变网络选项通常需要特殊权限。因此你需要 root 权限完成以下操作。

方法 1: macchanger

The first method uses macchanger (a.k.a., the GNU MAC Changer), written by Alvaro Lopez Ortega. It provides a variety of features such as changing the address to match a certain vendor or completely randomizing it. The first step is to download it from [extra]:

# pacman -S macchanger

After this, the MAC can be spoofed with a random address. The syntax is macchanger -r <device>. Standard names for devices are eth0 (for Ethernet) and wlan0 (for wireless), if only one device of each type is connected. For a secondary device, it would be eth1 or wlan1.

Here is an example command for spoofing the MAC address of a device named eth0.

# macchanger -r eth0

To randomize all of the address except for the vendor bytes (that is, so that if the MAC address was checked it would still register as being from the same vendor), you would run the command:

# macchanger -e eth0

Finally, to change the MAC address to a specific value, you would run:

# macchanger --mac=XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX

Where 'XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX' is the MAC you wish to change to.

Note: A device cannot be in use (connected in any way or with its interface up) while the MAC address is being changed.

方法 2: Manual

This method also assumes that your device name is eth0. For clarification, read the second paragraph of Method 1.

First, you can check your current MAC address with the command:

$ ip link show eth0

The section that interests us at the moment is the one that has "link/ether" followed by a 6-byte number. It will probably look something like this:

link/ether 00:1d:98:5a:d1:3a

The first step to spoofing the MAC address is to bring the network interface down. You must be logged in as root to do this. It can be accomplished with the command:

$ ip link set dev eth0 down

Next, we actually spoof our MAC. Any hexadecimal value will do, but some networks may be configured to refuse to assign IP addresses to a client whose MAC does not match up with a vendor. Therefore, unless you control the network(s) you are connecting to, it is a good idea to test this out with a known good MAC rather than randomizing it right away.

To change the MAC, we need to run the command:

$ ip link set dev eth0 address XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX

Where any 6-byte value will suffice for 'XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX'.

The final step is to bring the network interface back up. This can be accomplished by running the command:

$ ip link set dev eth0 up

If you want to verify that your MAC has been spoofed, simply run 'ip link show eth0' again and check the value for 'link/ether'. If it worked, 'link/ether' should be whatever address you decided to change it to.

使用 netcfg 欺骗 MAC

Put the following line in your netcfg profile to have it spoof your MAC address when its started

PRE_UP='macchanger -e wlan0'

You may have to replace wlan0 with your interface name.

启动时欺骗 MAC

You will notice with the above methods that upon reboot, your MAC will return to its initial default value. To set your MAC on boot, create the file /etc/rc.d/functions.d/macspoof with the following content:

spoof_mac() {
	ip link set dev eth0 address XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX

add_hook sysinit_end spoof_mac