Difference between revisions of "MATE"
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See [[xinitrc]] for details, such as preserving the logind session.
See [[xinitrc]] for details, such as preserving the logind session.
== Network Management ==
== Network Management ==
Revision as of 12:08, 11 March 2014
From MATE homepage:
- The MATE Desktop Environment is the continuation of GNOME 2. It provides an intuitive and attractive desktop environment using traditional metaphors for Linux and other Unix-like operating systems. MATE is under active development to add support for new technologies while preserving a traditional desktop experience.
- 1 MATE Applications
- 2 Installation
- 3 Upgrading from 1.6 to 1.8
- 4 Upgrading from 1.4 to 1.6
- 5 Starting MATE
- 6 Network Management
- 7 Bluetooth
- 8 PulseAudio and GStreamer
- 9 Tips & Tricks
- 9.1 Enabling compositing
- 9.2 Enabling new window centering
- 9.3 Enabling window snapping
- 9.4 Show or hide desktop icons
- 9.5 Use a different window manager with MATE
- 9.6 Change window decoration button order
- 9.7 Auto open file manager after drive mount
- 9.8 Screensaver
- 9.9 Lock screen & default background image
- 9.10 Styling Qt applications
- 9.11 Consistent cursor theme
- 10 See also
MATE is largely composed of GNOME 2 applications and utilities, forked and renamed to avoid conflicting with their GNOME 3 counterparts. Below is a list of common GNOME applications which have been renamed in MATE.
- Alacarte is renamed Mozo.
- Nautilus is renamed Caja.
- Metacity is renamed Marco.
- Gedit is renamed Pluma.
- Eye of GNOME is renamed Eye of MATE.
- Evince is renamed Atril.
- File Roller is renamed Engrampa.
- GNOME Terminal is renamed MATE Terminal.
Other applications and core components prefixed with GNOME (such as GNOME Panel, GNOME Menus etc) have had the prefix changed to MATE so they become MATE Panel, MATE Menus etc.
- The package provides a minimal desktop shell.
- The group contains the core desktop environment required for the standard MATE experience.
- The group contains additional utilities and applications that integrate well with the MATE desktop. Installing just the group will not pull in the whole group via dependencies. If you want to install all MATE packages then you will need to explicitly install both groups.
Additional MATE packages
There are a few additional packages that are not included in theor because they are not neccessarily useful to everyone.
- The package provides a MATE panel applet that might be useful to owners of small screen devices, such as a Netbook. The applet will automatically maximize all windows and provides an application switcher applet.
- The package provides user level public file sharing via WebDAV.
- The package provides a suite of tools for MATE to simplify configuring workstations, some of which are not at all useful on Arch Linux.
There are also a number of other MATE applications that are contributed and maintained by the MATE community and therefore not included in theor groups.
- - A MATE panel applet that shows which of the CapsLock, NumLock and ScrollLock keys are on and which are off.
- - A MATE panel applet to notify when software updates become available.
- - A MATE panel applet to let you play your favourite online radio station with a single click.
- - Color management application for MATE.
- - An application to view and modify user accounts information for MATE.
- - Disk management application for MATE.
- - mplayer frontend for MATE
- - MATE interface for various networking tools.
- - Collection of GTK2/3 desktop themes for MATE.
- - A mate-panel applet similar to the traditional main-menu, but with a few additions.
The following are also available via the AUR and integrate with MATE but the packages are not maintained by the MATE team.
- variety - Variety changes the wallpaper on a regular interval using user-specified or automatically downloaded images.
- mintmenu - Linux Mint Menu for MATE.
Upgrading from 1.6 to 1.8
Do the upgrade:
Agree to all the package replacements, it should look something like this.
:: Starting full system upgrade... :: Replace mate-document-viewer with community/atril? [Y/n] y :: Replace mate-file-archiver with community/engrampa? [Y/n] y :: Replace mate-file-manager with community/caja? [Y/n] y :: Replace mate-file-manager-gksu with community/caja-extensions? [Y/n] y :: Replace mate-file-manager-image-converter with community/caja-extensions? [Y/n] y :: Replace mate-file-manager-open-terminal with community/caja-extensions? [Y/n] y :: Replace mate-file-manager-sendto with community/caja-extensions? [Y/n] y :: Replace mate-file-manager-share with community/caja-extensions? [Y/n] y :: Replace mate-image-viewer with community/eom? [Y/n] y :: Replace mate-menu-editor with community/mozo? [Y/n] y :: Replace mate-text-editor with community/pluma? [Y/n] y :: Replace mate-window-manager with community/marco? [Y/n] y
When the MATE 1.8 upgrade is complete there are a few packages you can remove because some of the MATE 1.6 libraries are not required by MATE 1.8.
pacman -Rs libmatekeyring libmatewnck mate-character-map mate-keyring
Upgrading from 1.4 to 1.6
MATE 1.6 migrated from
gsettings. If you are updating from an MATE 1.4 you might end up with an empty panel. To resolve the issue reset the panel configuration to its defaults using
# mate-panel --reset
to restore most of your old settings. After upgrading from MATE 1.4 to MATE 1.6 you should remove the some of the old MATE 1.4 libraries that are not required by MATE 1.6, this can also improve the start-up time of MATE.
# pacman -R ffmpegthumbnailer-caja libmate libmatecanvas libmatecomponent libmatecomponentui libmatenotify libmateui mate-conf mate-conf-editor mate-corba mate-mime-data mate-vfs python-corba python-mate python-mate-desktop
You can also use:
# pacman -R $(pacman -Qtdq)
to remove any orphaned packages. Packages which are not orphaned are probably still required.
MATE can be started via a display manager or manually.
If you prefer to start MATE manually from the console, add the following line to your
Then MATE can be launched by typing
See xinitrc for details, such as preserving the logind session.
MATE is well suited for use by individuals with sight or mobility impairment. First install(Screen reader for individuals who are blind or visually impaired) and (On-screen keyboard useful for mobility impaired users)
pacman -Syy orca onboard
Now create /etc/profile.d/gtk-accessibility.sh and add the following to it.
Reboot to make the change take affect and you can configure the accessibility applications via
System -> Preferences -> Assistive Technologies.
It is recommended that you use Network Manager for managing networks in MATE. Please see the wiki page for more details on installing and configuring it.
Bluetooth support for MATE 1.8 is pending the completion of a new version of Blueman. Details will be added here shortly.
PulseAudio and GStreamer
# pacman -S mate-settings-daemon-gstream mate-media-gstreamer
Tips & Tricks
Compositing is not be enabled by default. To enable it navigate to run
System -> Preferences -> Windows and click the tick box alongside Enable software compositing window manager in the
General tab. Alternatively, you can run the following from the terminal:
$ dconf write /org/mate/marco/general/compositing-manager true
Enabling new window centering
By default, new windows are placed in the top-left corner. To center new windows on creation navigate to run
System -> Preferences -> Windows and click the tick box alongside Center new windows in the
Placement tab. Alternatively, you can run the following from the terminal:
$ dconf write /org/mate/marco/general/center-new-windows true
Enabling window snapping
Window snapping is not be enabled by default, to enable it navigate to run
System -> Preferences -> Windows and click the tick box alongside Enable side by side tiling in the
Show or hide desktop icons
By default, MATE shows multiple icons on the desktop: The content of your desktop directory, computer, home and network directories, the trash and mounted drives. You can show or hide them individually or all at once using
Hide all desktop icons
$ dconf write /org/mate/desktop/background/show-desktop-icons false
Hide individual icons
Hide computer icon:
$ dconf write /org/mate/caja/desktop/computer-icon-visible false
Hide user directory icon:
$ dconf write /org/mate/caja/desktop/home-icon-visible false
Hide network icon:
$ dconf write /org/mate/caja/desktop/network-icon-visible false
Hide trash icon:
$ dconf write /org/mate/caja/desktop/trash-icon-visible false
Hide mounted volumes:
$ dconf write /org/mate/caja/desktop/volumes-visible false
true for the icons to reappear.
Use a different window manager with MATE
The default window manager in MATE is called marco, a fork of the GNOME 2 window manager. You can replace marco with another window manager via a number of different methods:
- The easiest way to change the window manager is to autostart it using
mate-session-properties. Open the System menu, navigate to the Preferences menu and click on Startup Applications. In the dialog click Add. Enter a name and comment in the name and comment sections and in the command section add a command of the following syntax: "name of window manager" "--replace"
For example: for openbox you would use the command
Log out and log in again and marco should be replaced by the window manager of your choice. To revert to marco simply delete the entry you created in Startup Applications.
- Alternatively you can specify the desired window manager in dconf:
$ dconf write /org/mate/desktop/session/required-components/windowmanager "'mywindowmanager'"
replace "mywindowmanager" with the name of the window manager of your choice e.g. openbox or metacity.
- Killing MATE's window manager (marco) and starting your prefered one (this method is not recommended!)
Edit your .xinitrc as follow:
exec mate-session killall marco exec mywindowmanager
and replace "mywindowmanager" with the name of the window manager of your choice.
You can change the button using dconf. The key is in org.mate.marco.general.button-layout. Use the graphical dconf-editor or the dconf command line tool to change it:
$ dconf write /org/mate/marco/general/button-layout "'close,maximize,minimize:'"
and put menu, close, minimize and maximize in your desired order, separated by commas. The colon is the window title (it is necessary for the changes to apply).
Auto open file manager after drive mount
By default, MATE automatically opens a new file manager window when a drive is mounted. To disable this, change the following key in dconf:
$ dconf write /org/mate/desktop/media-handling/automount-open false
MATE uses Xscreensaver lock-screens with .to lock your session. By default there are a limited number of lock-screens available. To make more lock-screens available, install the package. This will allow you to use
Lock screen & default background image
You can change the background of the lock screen by creating the following file:
Then, re-compile the schemas:
# glib-compile-schemas /usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas/
Finally, restart your X session for the change to effect.
Styling Qt applications
To make Qt4 applications inherit the MATE theme, do the following:
* Navigate to System -> Preferences -> Qt4 Config or execute
qtconfig-qt4from a shell. * Change GUI Style to
GTK+. * File --> Save.
See Uniform Look for Qt and GTK Applications for more details.
Consistent cursor theme
To ensure a consistent cursor theme edit
~/.icons/default/index.theme to include:
[Icon Theme] Inherits=mate