Difference between revisions of "MATE"

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[[Category:Desktop environments (English)]]
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[[Category:Desktop environments]]
{{i18n|MATE}}
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[[es:MATE]]
The MATE Desktop Environment Project is an attempt at forking and maintaining GNOME 2. For more information, see [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=121162 this forum thread.]
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[[it:MATE]]
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[[ja:MATE]]
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[[ko:MATE]]
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[[ru:MATE]]
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[[zh-CN:MATE]]
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{{Article summary start}}
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{{Article summary text|What is MATE and how to get it.}}
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{{Article summary heading|Required software}}
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{{Article summary link|MATE|http://mate-desktop.org}}
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{{Article summary heading|Related}}
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{{Article summary wiki|GNOME}}
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{{Article summary end}}
  
==Obtaining MATE via AUR==
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The '''MATE Desktop Environment''' is a fork of GNOME 2 that aims to provide an attractive and intuitive desktop to Linux users using traditional layouts and methods. For more information, see [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=121162 this forum thread.]
MATE is currently available in the AUR ({{Package AUR|mate-desktop-environment}}), hosted on [https://github.com/Perberos/Mate-Desktop-Environment Github] and hosted on two pacman mirrors.
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==Installation via MATE mirrors==
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== Obtaining ==
To install MATE via pacman add one of the following mirrors to your pacman.conf:
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[mate]
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MATE is currently developed on [https://github.com/mate-desktop GitHub].
Server = http://packages.mate-desktop.org/repo/archlinux/$arch
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Stable packages with release-based version numbering are hosted on http://repo.mate-desktop.org/archlinux/.
  
{{Warning|1=There is a new set of packages as of 10th February 2012 with a different version numbering in the repositories. In order to safely update your system you'll have to use
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== Installation ==
# pacman -Syuu
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once. Otherwise pacman will warn you about local packages being newer than the ones in the repository. The old packages are considered development packages from now and will only be updated sporadically! If you would like to stay with them please update your pacman.conf like so:
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[mate]
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To install the stable version of MATE via [[pacman]] add the following lines to your {{ic|/etc/pacman.conf}}:
Server = http://packages.mate-desktop.org/repo/archlinux/development/$arch
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}}
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{{bc|<nowiki>
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[mate]
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Server = http://repo.mate-desktop.org/archlinux/$arch
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</nowiki>}}
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 +
Run
 +
 
 +
# pacman -Syy
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 +
and then
  
Run -Syy and then:
 
 
  # pacman -S mate
 
  # pacman -S mate
  
You are very likely to get file conflicts when installing. Simply rename the offending files (I only had one conflict, migrating from XFCE) or install with the --force flag.
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It might also be of interest to people to install certain packages from the '''mate-extras''' group (most being counterparts to packages in the {{Grp|gnome-extra}} group):
 +
 +
# pacman -S mate-extras
  
You will also require a display manager (I use {{Package AUR|gdm-old}}) and dbus.
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You are very likely to get file conflicts when installing. Simply rename the offending files or install with the {{ic|--force}} flag. You will also require [[dbus]].
  
{{Note|Currently, many MATE packages do not provide, conflict or replace any GNOME packages.}}
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{{note|Currently, many MATE packages do not provide, conflict with or replace any GNOME packages.}}
  
==Starting MATE==
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== Starting ==
Always make sure dbus is in your DAEMONS array in rc.conf before starting MATE.
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===GDM (Old)===
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=== Manually ===
If you are using gdm-old from the AUR, simply select the MATE session from the Sessions list. For your first time launching MATE, make sure to click "Just this session" when prompted.
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===No display manager (startx)===
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In order to start MATE manually, you must add
In order to start MATE without using a display manager, you must add
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  exec ck-launch-session mate-session
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  exec mate-session
  
to your ~/.xinitrc file and then run
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to your {{ic|[[xinitrc|~/.xinitrc]]}} file and then run
  
 
  $ startx
 
  $ startx
  
==Rebranded Core Applications==
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{{note|See [[xinitrc]] for details, such as preserving the logind (and/or consolekit) session.}}
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=== Automatically at boot time ===
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 +
See [[Display Manager]] and [[Start X at Boot]] for details.
 +
 
 +
==== GDM (Old) ====
 +
 
 +
If you are using {{AUR|gdm-old}} from the AUR, simply select the MATE session from the Sessions list. For your first time launching MATE, make sure to click "Just this session" when prompted.
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 +
==== [[LightDM]], [[GDM]] & [[LXDM]] ====
 +
 
 +
Just select MATE from the Sessions list.  Works well.
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==== MATE Display Manager ====
 +
 
 +
The MATE Display Manager (MDM) is the MATE desktop's counterpart to the GNOME Display Manager (GDM). It's package 'mate-display-manager' has been found in the '''mate-extra''' group or in the AUR package {{AUR|mate-display-manager}}. It has worked relatively the same as GDM does/did; unfortunately, the subproject is currently in flux, and MDM is not now (2012/07/01) available.
 +
 
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==== [[KDM]] ====
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In order to be able to launch MATE from [[KDM]], the [[KDE]] Display Manager, you have to edit the KDM configuration.
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As root, edit the <code>/usr/share/config/kdm/kdmrc</code> configuration file. Find the '''SessionsDir''' parameter and add <code>/usr/share/xsessions</code> to the list.
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It should then look like this:
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 +
SessionsDirs=/usr/share/config/kdm/sessions,/usr/share/apps/kdm/sessions,/usr/share/xsessions
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Restart KDM and select the "MATE session" from the list.
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==== [[SLIM]] ====
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Just fоllow the [[SLIM]] tutorial to know how to install and how to copy and use the .xinitrc file. And just add this line to the .xinitrc file :
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exec mate-session
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== Applications ==
 +
 
 
It is important to note that many GNOME core applications are rebranded for MATE, as per the licensing terms. Here is a simple Rosetta Stone of GNOME -> MATE applications.  
 
It is important to note that many GNOME core applications are rebranded for MATE, as per the licensing terms. Here is a simple Rosetta Stone of GNOME -> MATE applications.  
  
* Nautilus is renamed '''caja'''
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* Nautilus is renamed '''Caja'''
* Metacity is renamed '''marco'''
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* Metacity is renamed '''Marco'''
* Gconf is renamed '''mate-conf'''
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* Gconf is renamed '''Mate-conf'''
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* Gedit is renamed '''Pluma'''
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* Eye of GNOME is renamed '''Eye of MATE'''
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* Evince is renamed  '''Atril'''
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* File Roller is renamed '''Engrampa'''
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* GNOME Terminal is renamed '''MATE Terminal'''  
  
 
Other applications and core components prefixed with GNOME (such as GNOME Panel, GNOME Menus etc) have simply had the prefix renamed "MATE" and become MATE Panel and MATE Menus.
 
Other applications and core components prefixed with GNOME (such as GNOME Panel, GNOME Menus etc) have simply had the prefix renamed "MATE" and become MATE Panel and MATE Menus.
  
==Extra Applications==
 
 
Not all of the GNOME extra applications (built for GTK2) have been forked yet. The following extra applications '''are''' available in MATE:
 
Not all of the GNOME extra applications (built for GTK2) have been forked yet. The following extra applications '''are''' available in MATE:
  
 
* Totem (mate-video-player)
 
* Totem (mate-video-player)
* Eye of GNOME (mate-image-viewer)
 
* Gedit (mate-text-editor)
 
* File Roller (mate-file-archiver)
 
 
* GNOME Panel applets (mate-applets)
 
* GNOME Panel applets (mate-applets)
* GNOME Terminal (mate-terminal)
 
  
If you are using NetworkManager to connect to the internet, you can install {{Package AUR|network-manager-applet-gtk2}} from the AUR for a GTK2 nm-applet. You will need to modify the PKGBUILD to depend on mate-bluetooth rather than gnome-bluetooth to prevent a recursive dependency on gnome-desktop.
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If you are using NetworkManager to connect to the internet, you can install {{AUR|network-manager-applet-gtk2}} from the AUR for a GTK2 nm-applet. You will need to modify the PKGBUILD to depend on mate-bluetooth rather than gnome-bluetooth to prevent a recursive dependency on gnome-desktop.
  
==Using Compiz Fusion sans Emerald==
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== Known issues ==
If you would like to use Marco with [[Compiz Fusion]], install and start Compiz Fusion as you would normally and install the package ''gtk-window-decorator'' and run the following command to create a symlink:
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# ln -s /usr/lib/libmarco-private.so.0 /usr/lib/libmetacity-private.so.0
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=== Qt Applications are not styled ===
  
Enable the Window Decoration plugin in the Compiz Fusion settings manager and use
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You may find that Qt4 applications are not inheriting the GTK2 theme like they should. This can be fixed easily by running qtconfig and setting GTK+ as GUI style under System ⇒ Preferences ⇒ QT4 Settings.
  
gtk-window-decorator --replace
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=== Evolution Email Not Working ===
as the command. However, without recompiling gtk-window-decorator, the necessary mateconf keys will not be created and you will be stuck with Cairo based decorations. It may be possible to create these keys yourself.
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==Known Issues==
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Please see [[Evolution#Using_Evolution_Outside_Of_Gnome]].
  
===Endless spawning of file manager instances===
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=== GTK3 Applications Not Properly Styled ===
You may find that after you log in, the Caja file manager keeps spawning new instances and never stops. A temporary fix is performed with the following command:
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# ln -s /usr/lib/libgnutls.so /usr/lib/libgnutls.so.26
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If you notice that applications such as [[Rhythmbox]] do not have styling applied to them, try [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/clearlooks-phenix-gtk-theme-git/ Clearlooks Phenix] theme.
  
Log out and log back in again once you perform this command.
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== Troubleshooting ==
  
This may also fix an issue where the Clock panel applet does not appear.
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=== User Switch ===
  
===Qt Applications are not styled===
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If you are not using MDM (Mate Display Manager) user switch is disabled, to enable create the symbolic links.
You may find that Qt4 applications are not inheriting the GTK2 theme like they should. This can be fixed easily by installing libgnomeui with the --force flag. This is likely to be fixed as MATE development continues.
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===Evolution Email Not Working===
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==== [[LightDM]] ====
Please see [[Evolution#Using_Evolution_Outside_Of_Gnome]].
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 +
# ln -s /usr/lib/lightdm/lightdm/gdmflexiserver /usr/bin/mdmflexiserver
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 +
==== [[GDM]] ====
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 +
# ln -s /usr/bin/gdmflexiserver /usr/bin/mdmflexiserver

Revision as of 18:46, 12 February 2013

Template:Article summary start Template:Article summary text Template:Article summary heading Template:Article summary link Template:Article summary heading Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary end

The MATE Desktop Environment is a fork of GNOME 2 that aims to provide an attractive and intuitive desktop to Linux users using traditional layouts and methods. For more information, see this forum thread.

Obtaining

MATE is currently developed on GitHub. Stable packages with release-based version numbering are hosted on http://repo.mate-desktop.org/archlinux/.

Installation

To install the stable version of MATE via pacman add the following lines to your /etc/pacman.conf:

[mate]
Server = http://repo.mate-desktop.org/archlinux/$arch

Run

# pacman -Syy

and then

# pacman -S mate

It might also be of interest to people to install certain packages from the mate-extras group (most being counterparts to packages in the gnome-extra group):

# pacman -S mate-extras

You are very likely to get file conflicts when installing. Simply rename the offending files or install with the --force flag. You will also require dbus.

Note: Currently, many MATE packages do not provide, conflict with or replace any GNOME packages.

Starting

Manually

In order to start MATE manually, you must add

exec mate-session

to your ~/.xinitrc file and then run

$ startx
Note: See xinitrc for details, such as preserving the logind (and/or consolekit) session.

Automatically at boot time

See Display Manager and Start X at Boot for details.

GDM (Old)

If you are using gdm-oldAUR from the AUR, simply select the MATE session from the Sessions list. For your first time launching MATE, make sure to click "Just this session" when prompted.

LightDM, GDM & LXDM

Just select MATE from the Sessions list. Works well.

MATE Display Manager

The MATE Display Manager (MDM) is the MATE desktop's counterpart to the GNOME Display Manager (GDM). It's package 'mate-display-manager' has been found in the mate-extra group or in the AUR package mate-display-managerAUR. It has worked relatively the same as GDM does/did; unfortunately, the subproject is currently in flux, and MDM is not now (2012/07/01) available.

KDM

In order to be able to launch MATE from KDM, the KDE Display Manager, you have to edit the KDM configuration. As root, edit the /usr/share/config/kdm/kdmrc configuration file. Find the SessionsDir parameter and add /usr/share/xsessions to the list. It should then look like this:

SessionsDirs=/usr/share/config/kdm/sessions,/usr/share/apps/kdm/sessions,/usr/share/xsessions

Restart KDM and select the "MATE session" from the list.

SLIM

Just fоllow the SLIM tutorial to know how to install and how to copy and use the .xinitrc file. And just add this line to the .xinitrc file :

exec mate-session

Applications

It is important to note that many GNOME core applications are rebranded for MATE, as per the licensing terms. Here is a simple Rosetta Stone of GNOME -> MATE applications.

  • Nautilus is renamed Caja
  • Metacity is renamed Marco
  • Gconf is renamed Mate-conf
  • Gedit is renamed Pluma
  • Eye of GNOME is renamed Eye of MATE
  • Evince is renamed Atril
  • File Roller is renamed Engrampa
  • GNOME Terminal is renamed MATE Terminal

Other applications and core components prefixed with GNOME (such as GNOME Panel, GNOME Menus etc) have simply had the prefix renamed "MATE" and become MATE Panel and MATE Menus.

Not all of the GNOME extra applications (built for GTK2) have been forked yet. The following extra applications are available in MATE:

  • Totem (mate-video-player)
  • GNOME Panel applets (mate-applets)

If you are using NetworkManager to connect to the internet, you can install network-manager-applet-gtk2AUR from the AUR for a GTK2 nm-applet. You will need to modify the PKGBUILD to depend on mate-bluetooth rather than gnome-bluetooth to prevent a recursive dependency on gnome-desktop.

Known issues

Qt Applications are not styled

You may find that Qt4 applications are not inheriting the GTK2 theme like they should. This can be fixed easily by running qtconfig and setting GTK+ as GUI style under System ⇒ Preferences ⇒ QT4 Settings.

Evolution Email Not Working

Please see Evolution#Using_Evolution_Outside_Of_Gnome.

GTK3 Applications Not Properly Styled

If you notice that applications such as Rhythmbox do not have styling applied to them, try Clearlooks Phenix theme.

Troubleshooting

User Switch

If you are not using MDM (Mate Display Manager) user switch is disabled, to enable create the symbolic links.

LightDM

# ln -s /usr/lib/lightdm/lightdm/gdmflexiserver /usr/bin/mdmflexiserver

GDM

# ln -s /usr/bin/gdmflexiserver /usr/bin/mdmflexiserver