Difference between revisions of "MATE"

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[[Category:Desktop environments]]
 
[[Category:Desktop environments]]
{{i18n|MATE}}
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[[es:MATE]]
 
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[[it:MATE]]
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[[ja:MATE]]
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[[ko:MATE]]
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[[ru:MATE]]
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[[zh-CN:MATE]]
 
{{Article summary start}}
 
{{Article summary start}}
 
{{Article summary text|What is MATE and how to get it.}}
 
{{Article summary text|What is MATE and how to get it.}}
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{{Article summary end}}
 
{{Article summary end}}
  
The '''MATE Desktop Environment''' is a fork of GNOME 2 that aims to provide an attractive and intuitive desktop to Linux users using traditional metaphors. For more information, see [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=121162 this forum thread.]
+
The '''MATE Desktop Environment''' is a fork of GNOME 2 that aims to provide an attractive and intuitive desktop to Linux users using traditional layouts and methods. For more information, see [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=121162 this forum thread.]
  
 
== Obtaining ==
 
== Obtaining ==
  
MATE is currently developed on [https://github.com/Perberos/Mate-Desktop-Environment GitHub] and hosted on two pacman mirrors:
+
MATE is currently developed on [https://github.com/mate-desktop GitHub].
* http://packages.mate-desktop.org/repo/archlinux/ — stable packages with release-based version numbering
+
Stable packages with release-based version numbering are hosted on http://repo.mate-desktop.org/archlinux/.
* http://packages.mate-desktop.org/repo/archlinux/development — development packages with date-based version numbering
+
Development packages are also available through the AUR ({{AUR|mate-desktop-environment}}).
+
 
+
{{warning|There is a new set of packages as of 10th February 2012 with a different version numbering in the repositories. In order to safely update your system you'll have to use
+
 
+
# pacman -Syuu
+
 
+
once. Otherwise pacman will warn you about local packages being newer than the ones in the repository. The old packages are considered development packages from now and will only be updated sporadically! If you would like to stay with them please update your pacman.conf like so:
+
 
+
{{bc|<nowiki>
+
[mate]
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Server = http://packages.mate-desktop.org/repo/archlinux/development/$arch
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</nowiki>}}
+
 
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}}
+
  
 
== Installation ==
 
== Installation ==
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{{bc|<nowiki>
 
{{bc|<nowiki>
 
[mate]
 
[mate]
Server = http://packages.mate-desktop.org/repo/archlinux/$arch
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SigLevel = Optional TrustAll
 +
Server = http://repo.mate-desktop.org/archlinux/$arch
 
</nowiki>}}
 
</nowiki>}}
  
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  # pacman -S mate
 
  # pacman -S mate
  
It might also be of interest to people to install certain packages from the '''mate-extra''' group (most being counterparts to packages in the {{Grp|gnome-extra}} group):
+
It might also be of interest to people to install certain packages from the '''mate-extras''' group (most being counterparts to packages in the {{Grp|gnome-extra}} group):
 
+
{{note|Currently, there are two extra groups in the MATE pacman repositories: '''mate-extra''' and '''mate-extras'''. It is advised to look in both for the needed applications until it gets properly merged/fixed into a single extra group.}}
+
 
+
# pacman -S mate-extra
+
 
+
'''OR'''
+
 
   
 
   
 
  # pacman -S mate-extras
 
  # pacman -S mate-extras
 
You are very likely to get file conflicts when installing. Simply rename the offending files or install with the {{ic|--force}} flag. You will also require [[dbus]].
 
 
{{note|Currently, many MATE packages do not provide, conflict or replace any GNOME packages.}}
 
  
 
== Starting ==
 
== Starting ==
 
Always make sure dbus is in your DAEMONS array in [[rc.conf]] before starting MATE.
 
 
=== MATE Display Manager ===
 
 
The MATE Display Manager (MDM) is the MATE desktop's counterpart to the GNOME Display Manager (GDM). It's package 'mate-display-manager' can be found in the '''mate-extra''' group or in the AUR package {{AUR|mate-display-manager}}. It works relatively the same as GDM does/did.
 
  
 
=== Manually ===
 
=== Manually ===
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In order to start MATE manually, you must add
 
In order to start MATE manually, you must add
  
  exec ck-launch-session mate-session
+
  exec mate-session
  
 
to your {{ic|[[xinitrc|~/.xinitrc]]}} file and then run
 
to your {{ic|[[xinitrc|~/.xinitrc]]}} file and then run
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  $ startx
 
  $ startx
  
{{note|If you have authorization problems (e.g. when mounting disks), try adding {{ic|dbus-launch}} after {{ic|ck-launch-session}}.}}
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{{note|See [[xinitrc]] for details, such as preserving the logind session.}}
  
 
=== Automatically at boot time ===
 
=== Automatically at boot time ===
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See [[Display Manager]] and [[Start X at Boot]] for details.
 
See [[Display Manager]] and [[Start X at Boot]] for details.
  
==== GDM (Old) ====
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==== GDM-old ====
  
 
If you are using {{AUR|gdm-old}} from the AUR, simply select the MATE session from the Sessions list. For your first time launching MATE, make sure to click "Just this session" when prompted.
 
If you are using {{AUR|gdm-old}} from the AUR, simply select the MATE session from the Sessions list. For your first time launching MATE, make sure to click "Just this session" when prompted.
  
== Applications ==
+
==== [[LightDM]], [[GDM]] & [[LXDM]] ====
 +
 
 +
Just select MATE from the Sessions list.  Works well.
 +
 
 +
==== MATE Display Manager ====
 +
 
 +
The MATE Display Manager (MDM) is the MATE desktop's counterpart to the GNOME Display Manager (GDM). Its package 'mate-display-manager' has been found in the '''mate-extra''' group or in the AUR package {{AUR|mate-display-manager}}. It has worked relatively the same as GDM does/did; unfortunately, the subproject is currently in flux, and MDM is not currently (as of 2012/07/01) available.
 +
 
 +
==== [[KDM]] ====
 +
 
 +
In order to be able to launch MATE from [[KDM]], the [[KDE]] Display Manager, you have to edit the KDM configuration.
 +
As root, edit the <code>/usr/share/config/kdm/kdmrc</code> configuration file. Find the '''SessionsDir''' parameter and add <code>/usr/share/xsessions</code> to the list.
 +
It should then look like this:
 +
 
 +
SessionsDirs=/usr/share/config/kdm/sessions,/usr/share/apps/kdm/sessions,/usr/share/xsessions
 +
 
 +
Restart KDM and select the "MATE session" from the list.
 +
 
 +
==== [[SLIM]] ====
  
=== Core applications ===
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Just fоllow the [[SLIM]] tutorial to know how to install and how to copy and use the .xinitrc file. And just add this line to the .xinitrc file :
 +
exec mate-session
 +
 
 +
== Applications ==
  
 
It is important to note that many GNOME core applications are rebranded for MATE, as per the licensing terms. Here is a simple Rosetta Stone of GNOME -> MATE applications.  
 
It is important to note that many GNOME core applications are rebranded for MATE, as per the licensing terms. Here is a simple Rosetta Stone of GNOME -> MATE applications.  
  
* Nautilus is renamed '''caja'''
+
* Nautilus is renamed '''Caja'''
* Metacity is renamed '''marco'''
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* Metacity is renamed '''Marco'''
* Gconf is renamed '''mate-conf'''
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* Gconf is renamed '''Mate-conf'''
 +
* Gedit is renamed '''Pluma'''
 +
* Eye of GNOME is renamed '''Eye of MATE'''
 +
* Evince is renamed  '''Atril'''
 +
* File Roller is renamed '''Engrampa'''
 +
* GNOME Terminal is renamed '''MATE Terminal'''  
  
 
Other applications and core components prefixed with GNOME (such as GNOME Panel, GNOME Menus etc) have simply had the prefix renamed "MATE" and become MATE Panel and MATE Menus.
 
Other applications and core components prefixed with GNOME (such as GNOME Panel, GNOME Menus etc) have simply had the prefix renamed "MATE" and become MATE Panel and MATE Menus.
 
=== Extra applications ===
 
  
 
Not all of the GNOME extra applications (built for GTK2) have been forked yet. The following extra applications '''are''' available in MATE:
 
Not all of the GNOME extra applications (built for GTK2) have been forked yet. The following extra applications '''are''' available in MATE:
  
 
* Totem (mate-video-player)
 
* Totem (mate-video-player)
* Eye of GNOME (mate-image-viewer)
 
* Gedit (mate-text-editor)
 
* File Roller (mate-file-archiver)
 
 
* GNOME Panel applets (mate-applets)
 
* GNOME Panel applets (mate-applets)
* GNOME Terminal (mate-terminal)
 
  
 
If you are using NetworkManager to connect to the internet, you can install {{AUR|network-manager-applet-gtk2}} from the AUR for a GTK2 nm-applet. You will need to modify the PKGBUILD to depend on mate-bluetooth rather than gnome-bluetooth to prevent a recursive dependency on gnome-desktop.
 
If you are using NetworkManager to connect to the internet, you can install {{AUR|network-manager-applet-gtk2}} from the AUR for a GTK2 nm-applet. You will need to modify the PKGBUILD to depend on mate-bluetooth rather than gnome-bluetooth to prevent a recursive dependency on gnome-desktop.
  
== Using Compiz Fusion sans Emerald ==
+
== Known issues ==
  
If you would like to use Marco with [[Compiz Fusion]], install and start Compiz Fusion as you would normally and install the package ''gtk-window-decorator'' and run the following command to create a symlink:
+
=== Qt applications are not styled ===
  
# ln -s /usr/lib/libmarco-private.so.0 /usr/lib/libmetacity-private.so.0
+
You may find that Qt4 applications are not inheriting the GTK2 theme like they should. See [[Uniform Look for Qt and GTK Applications]] for details.
  
Enable the Window Decoration plugin in the Compiz Fusion settings manager and use
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{{Merge|Uniform Look for Qt and GTK Applications|The icon theme issue should be merged there.}}
  
  gtk-window-decorator --replace
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To fix the GUI style run:
as the command. However, without recompiling gtk-window-decorator, the necessary mateconf keys will not be created and you will be stuck with Cairo based decorations. It may be possible to create these keys yourself.
+
  $ qtconfig-qt4
 +
And change it to GTK+. To fix the icon theme (in particular the cursor), you should edit your {{ic|~/.icons/default/index.theme}} to include:
 +
[Icon Theme]
 +
Inherits=mate
  
== Known issues ==
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=== Evolution email not working ===
  
=== Endless spawning of file manager instances ===
+
Please see [[Evolution#Using_Evolution_Outside_Of_Gnome]].
  
You may find that after you log in, the Caja file manager keeps spawning new instances and never stops. A temporary fix is performed with the following command:
+
=== GTK3 applications not properly styled ===
  
# ln -s /usr/lib/libgnutls.so /usr/lib/libgnutls.so.26
+
If you notice that applications such as [[Rhythmbox]] do not have styling applied to them, try [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/clearlooks-phenix-gtk-theme-git/ Clearlooks Phenix] theme.
  
Log out and log back in again once you perform this command.
+
== Troubleshooting ==
  
This may also fix an issue where the clock panel applet does not appear.
+
=== User switch ===
  
=== Qt Applications are not styled ===
+
You must use a [[Display Manager]] with support to switch sessions. Additionally, if you are not using MDM (Mate Display Manager), you have to create symbolic links for your display manager.
  
You may find that Qt4 applications are not inheriting the GTK2 theme like they should. This can be fixed easily by installing {{pkg|libgnomeui}} with the {{ic|--force}} flag. If the problem persists, run qtconfig and make sure that the selected GUI Style is GTK+. This is likely to be fixed as MATE development continues.
+
For [[LightDM]], use the following command:
  
=== Evolution Email Not Working ===
+
# ln -s /usr/lib/lightdm/lightdm/gdmflexiserver /usr/bin/mdmflexiserver
  
Please see [[Evolution#Using_Evolution_Outside_Of_Gnome]].
+
For [[GDM]], use the following command:
 +
 
 +
# ln -s /usr/bin/gdmflexiserver /usr/bin/mdmflexiserver
 +
 
 +
=== Empty panel after updating from 1.4 to 1.6 ===
  
=== Sticky Notes lost between Reboots ===
+
Starting with mate 1.6 several parts, including mate-panel, moved from gconf to gsettings. If you are updating from an older version you might end up with an empty panel. To resolve the issue reset the panel configuration to its defaults using "mate-panel --reset". Afterwards you can use [http://git.mate-desktop.org/mate-desktop/plain/mate-conf/mate-conf-import mate-conf-import] to restore most of your old settings.
  
As of Version 1.1.0, the Sticky Notes Panel Applet fails to save the notes created. This can be easily solved with the following two commands:
+
== See also ==
  
$ mkdir /home/username/.config/mate/
+
[http://mate-desktop.org MATE official homepage]
$ touch /home/username/.config/mate/stickynotes_applet
+
  
For more information, see [http://forums.mate-desktop.org/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=15 this post] in the MATE Forums.
+
'''Arch Linux Forums'''
 +
* [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=1018647 ''The MATE Desktop Environment''] - A general discussion about MATE
 +
* [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=139877 ''MATE desktop screenshots'']

Revision as of 15:59, 18 August 2013

Template:Article summary start Template:Article summary text Template:Article summary heading Template:Article summary link Template:Article summary heading Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary end

The MATE Desktop Environment is a fork of GNOME 2 that aims to provide an attractive and intuitive desktop to Linux users using traditional layouts and methods. For more information, see this forum thread.

Obtaining

MATE is currently developed on GitHub. Stable packages with release-based version numbering are hosted on http://repo.mate-desktop.org/archlinux/.

Installation

To install the stable version of MATE via pacman add the following lines to your /etc/pacman.conf:

[mate]
SigLevel = Optional TrustAll
Server = http://repo.mate-desktop.org/archlinux/$arch

Run

# pacman -Syy

and then

# pacman -S mate

It might also be of interest to people to install certain packages from the mate-extras group (most being counterparts to packages in the gnome-extra group):

# pacman -S mate-extras

Starting

Manually

In order to start MATE manually, you must add

exec mate-session

to your ~/.xinitrc file and then run

$ startx
Note: See xinitrc for details, such as preserving the logind session.

Automatically at boot time

See Display Manager and Start X at Boot for details.

GDM-old

If you are using gdm-oldAUR from the AUR, simply select the MATE session from the Sessions list. For your first time launching MATE, make sure to click "Just this session" when prompted.

LightDM, GDM & LXDM

Just select MATE from the Sessions list. Works well.

MATE Display Manager

The MATE Display Manager (MDM) is the MATE desktop's counterpart to the GNOME Display Manager (GDM). Its package 'mate-display-manager' has been found in the mate-extra group or in the AUR package mate-display-managerAUR. It has worked relatively the same as GDM does/did; unfortunately, the subproject is currently in flux, and MDM is not currently (as of 2012/07/01) available.

KDM

In order to be able to launch MATE from KDM, the KDE Display Manager, you have to edit the KDM configuration. As root, edit the /usr/share/config/kdm/kdmrc configuration file. Find the SessionsDir parameter and add /usr/share/xsessions to the list. It should then look like this:

SessionsDirs=/usr/share/config/kdm/sessions,/usr/share/apps/kdm/sessions,/usr/share/xsessions

Restart KDM and select the "MATE session" from the list.

SLIM

Just fоllow the SLIM tutorial to know how to install and how to copy and use the .xinitrc file. And just add this line to the .xinitrc file :

exec mate-session

Applications

It is important to note that many GNOME core applications are rebranded for MATE, as per the licensing terms. Here is a simple Rosetta Stone of GNOME -> MATE applications.

  • Nautilus is renamed Caja
  • Metacity is renamed Marco
  • Gconf is renamed Mate-conf
  • Gedit is renamed Pluma
  • Eye of GNOME is renamed Eye of MATE
  • Evince is renamed Atril
  • File Roller is renamed Engrampa
  • GNOME Terminal is renamed MATE Terminal

Other applications and core components prefixed with GNOME (such as GNOME Panel, GNOME Menus etc) have simply had the prefix renamed "MATE" and become MATE Panel and MATE Menus.

Not all of the GNOME extra applications (built for GTK2) have been forked yet. The following extra applications are available in MATE:

  • Totem (mate-video-player)
  • GNOME Panel applets (mate-applets)

If you are using NetworkManager to connect to the internet, you can install network-manager-applet-gtk2AUR from the AUR for a GTK2 nm-applet. You will need to modify the PKGBUILD to depend on mate-bluetooth rather than gnome-bluetooth to prevent a recursive dependency on gnome-desktop.

Known issues

Qt applications are not styled

You may find that Qt4 applications are not inheriting the GTK2 theme like they should. See Uniform Look for Qt and GTK Applications for details.

Merge-arrows-2.pngThis article or section is a candidate for merging with Uniform Look for Qt and GTK Applications.Merge-arrows-2.png

Notes: The icon theme issue should be merged there. (Discuss in Talk:MATE#)

To fix the GUI style run:

$ qtconfig-qt4

And change it to GTK+. To fix the icon theme (in particular the cursor), you should edit your ~/.icons/default/index.theme to include:

[Icon Theme]
Inherits=mate

Evolution email not working

Please see Evolution#Using_Evolution_Outside_Of_Gnome.

GTK3 applications not properly styled

If you notice that applications such as Rhythmbox do not have styling applied to them, try Clearlooks Phenix theme.

Troubleshooting

User switch

You must use a Display Manager with support to switch sessions. Additionally, if you are not using MDM (Mate Display Manager), you have to create symbolic links for your display manager.

For LightDM, use the following command:

# ln -s /usr/lib/lightdm/lightdm/gdmflexiserver /usr/bin/mdmflexiserver

For GDM, use the following command:

# ln -s /usr/bin/gdmflexiserver /usr/bin/mdmflexiserver

Empty panel after updating from 1.4 to 1.6

Starting with mate 1.6 several parts, including mate-panel, moved from gconf to gsettings. If you are updating from an older version you might end up with an empty panel. To resolve the issue reset the panel configuration to its defaults using "mate-panel --reset". Afterwards you can use mate-conf-import to restore most of your old settings.

See also

MATE official homepage

Arch Linux Forums