zh-CN:MATE Template:Article summary start Template:Article summary text Template:Article summary heading Template:Article summary link Template:Article summary heading Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary end
The MATE Desktop Environment is a fork of GNOME 2 that aims to provide an attractive and intuitive desktop to Linux users using traditional metaphors. For more information, see this forum thread.
- 1 Obtaining
- 2 Installation
- 3 Starting
- 4 Applications
- 5 Using Compiz Fusion sans Emerald
- 6 Known issues
MATE is currently developed on GitHub and hosted on two pacman mirrors:
- http://packages.mate-desktop.org/repo/archlinux/ — stable packages with release-based version numbering
- http://packages.mate-desktop.org/repo/archlinux/development — development packages with date-based version numbering
Development packages are also available through the AUR (AUR).
# pacman -Syuu
once. Otherwise pacman will warn you about local packages being newer than the ones in the repository. The old packages are considered development packages from now and will only be updated sporadically! If you would like to stay with them please update your pacman.conf like so:
[mate] Server = http://packages.mate-desktop.org/repo/archlinux/development/$arch
To install the stable version of MATE via pacman add the following lines to your
[mate] Server = http://packages.mate-desktop.org/repo/archlinux/$arch
# pacman -Syy
# pacman -S mate
It might also be of interest to people to install certain packages from the mate-extra group (most being counterparts to packages in thegroup):
# pacman -S mate-extra
# pacman -S mate-extras
You are very likely to get file conflicts when installing. Simply rename the offending files or install with the
--force flag. You will also require dbus.
Always make sure dbus is in your DAEMONS array in rc.conf before starting MATE.
In order to start MATE manually, you must add
exec ck-launch-session mate-session
~/.xinitrc file and then run
Automatically at boot time
If you are usingAUR from the AUR, simply select the MATE session from the Sessions list. For your first time launching MATE, make sure to click "Just this session" when prompted.
Just select MATE from the Sessions list. Works well.
MATE Display Manager
The MATE Display Manager (MDM) is the MATE desktop's counterpart to the GNOME Display Manager (GDM). It's package 'mate-display-manager' has been found in the mate-extra group or in the AUR packageAUR. It has worked relatively the same as GDM does/did; unfortunately, the subproject is currently in flux, and MDM is not now (2012/07/01) available.
In order to be able to launch MATE from KDM, the KDE Display Manager, you have to edit the KDM configuration.
As root, edit the
/usr/share/config/kdm/kdmrc configuration file. Find the SessionsDir parameter and add
/usr/share/xsessions to the list.
It should then look like this:
Restart KDM and select the "MATE session" from the list.
Just fallow the SLIM tutorial to know how to install and how to copy and use the .xinitrc file. And just add this line to the .xinitrc file :
It is important to note that many GNOME core applications are rebranded for MATE, as per the licensing terms. Here is a simple Rosetta Stone of GNOME -> MATE applications.
- Nautilus is renamed caja
- Metacity is renamed marco
- Gconf is renamed mate-conf
Other applications and core components prefixed with GNOME (such as GNOME Panel, GNOME Menus etc) have simply had the prefix renamed "MATE" and become MATE Panel and MATE Menus.
Not all of the GNOME extra applications (built for GTK2) have been forked yet. The following extra applications are available in MATE:
- Totem (mate-video-player)
- Eye of GNOME (mate-image-viewer)
- Gedit (mate-text-editor)
- File Roller (mate-file-archiver)
- GNOME Panel applets (mate-applets)
- GNOME Terminal (mate-terminal)
If you are using NetworkManager to connect to the internet, you can installAUR from the AUR for a GTK2 nm-applet. You will need to modify the PKGBUILD to depend on mate-bluetooth rather than gnome-bluetooth to prevent a recursive dependency on gnome-desktop.
Using Compiz Fusion sans Emerald
If you would like to use Marco with Compiz Fusion, install and start Compiz Fusion as you would normally and install the package gtk-window-decorator and run the following command to create a symlink:
# ln -s /usr/lib/libmarco-private.so.0 /usr/lib/libmetacity-private.so.0
Enable the Window Decoration plugin in the Compiz Fusion settings manager and use
as the command. However, without recompiling gtk-window-decorator, the necessary mateconf keys will not be created and you will be stuck with Cairo based decorations. It may be possible to create these keys yourself.
Endless spawning of file manager instances
You may find that after you log in, the Caja file manager keeps spawning new instances and never stops. A temporary fix is performed with the following command:
# ln -s /usr/lib/libgnutls.so /usr/lib/libgnutls.so.26
Log out and log back in again once you perform this command.
This may also fix an issue where the clock panel applet does not appear.
Qt Applications are not styled
You may find that Qt4 applications are not inheriting the GTK2 theme like they should. This can be fixed easily by installing
--force flag. If the problem persists, run qtconfig and make sure that the selected GUI Style is GTK+. This is likely to be fixed as MATE development continues.
Evolution Email Not Working
Please see Evolution#Using_Evolution_Outside_Of_Gnome.
Sticky Notes lost between Reboots
As of Version 1.1.0, the Sticky Notes Panel Applet fails to save the notes created. This can be easily solved with the following two commands:
$ mkdir /home/username/.config/mate/ $ touch /home/username/.config/mate/stickynotes_applet
For more information, see this post in the MATE Forums.