From MATE homepage:
- The MATE Desktop Environment is a fork of GNOME 2. It provides an intuitive and attractive desktop environment using traditional metaphors for Linux and other Unix-like operating systems. MATE is under active development to add support for new technologies while preserving a traditional desktop experience.
- 1 Installation
- 2 Starting
- 3 GNOME 2 Applications
- 4 Tips & Tricks
- 5 Where does the name come from?
- 6 Useful references
MATE is not packaged in the Official Repositories. MATE can either be installed from an unofficial repository or from the AUR. See Unofficial User Repositories#mate for details on adding the MATE repository to
Once the repository has been added you can install the core MATE components by installing the mate group. You can also install the mate-extra group which contains additional MATE utilities and applications.
MATE can be started via a display manager or manually.
Just select MATE from the Sessions list of you favorite Display Manager.
The recommended display manager for MATE 1.6, by the MATE team, on Arch Linux is [LightDM].
If you are usingAUR from the AUR, simply select the MATE session from the Sessions list. For your first time launching MATE, make sure to click "Just this session" when prompted.
In order to be able to launch MATE from KDM, the KDE Display Manager, you have to edit the KDM configuration.
As root, edit the
/usr/share/config/kdm/kdmrc configuration file. Find the SessionsDir parameter and add
/usr/share/xsessions to the list.
It should then look like this:
Restart KDM and select the "MATE session" from the list.
In order to start MATE manually, you must add
~/.xinitrc file and then run
GNOME 2 Applications
MATE is largely composed of GNOME 2 applications and utilities, forked and renamed to avoid conflicting with GNOME3. Below is a list of common GNOME applications which have been renamed in MATE.
- Alacarte is renamed Mozo.
- Nautilus is renamed Caja.
- Metacity is renamed Marco.
- Gedit is renamed Pluma.
- Eye of GNOME is renamed Eye of MATE.
- Evince is renamed Atril.
- File Roller is renamed Engrampa.
- GNOME Terminal is renamed MATE Terminal.
Other applications and core components prefixed with GNOME (such as GNOME Panel, GNOME Menus etc) have had the prefix changed to MATE so they become MATE Panel, MATE Menus etc.
It is recommended that you use Network Manager for managing networks in MATE. Please see the wiki page for more details on installing and configuring it.
Tips & Tricks
MATE's Control Center doesn't offer as many options as other desktop environments, but several preferences can be controlled in dconf or gsettings. Changes in dconf and gsettings are applied immediately.
Upgrading from 1.4 to 1.6
MATE 1.6 migrated from
gsettings. If you are updating from an MATE 1.4 you might end up with an empty panel. To resolve the issue reset the panel configuration to its defaults using
# mate-panel --reset
...to restore most of your old settings. After upgrading from MATE 1.4 to MATE 1.6 you should remove the some of the old MATE 1.4 libraries that are not required by MATE 1.6, this can also improve the start-up time of MATE. NOTE! It is your responsibility to ensure that packages are not removed that might be required elsewhere.
# pacman -R ffmpegthumbnailer-caja libmate libmatecanvas libmatecomponent libmatecomponentui libmatenotify libmateui mate-conf mate-conf-editor mate-corba mate-mime-data mate-vfs python-corba python-mate python-mate-desktop
MATE 1.6 requires
mate-user-share (in the package repository) disables Bluetooth completely:
Also make sure the the
bluetooth service is enabled and started.
sudo systemctl start bluetooth sudo systemctl enable bluetooth
You will need to log out and back in again for the Bluetooth applet to show up.
Use a different window manager with MATE
The window manager is changeable in two ways:
- Killing MATE's window manager (marco) and starting your prefered one (this method is not recommended!)
Edit your .xinitrc as follow:
exec mate-session killall marco exec awesome
and replace "awesome" with the window manager of your choice.
- Specifying the desired window manager in dconf:
$ dconf write /org/mate/desktop/session/required-components/windowmanager "'awesome'"
and replace "awesome" with the window manager of your choice.
You can change the button using dconf. The key is in org.mate.marco.general.button-layout. Use the graphical dconf-editor or the dconf command line tool to change it:
$ dconf write /org/mate/marco/general/button-layout "'close,maximize,minimize:'"
and put menu, close, minimize and maximize in your desired order, separated by commas. The colon is the window title (it is necessary for the changes to apply).
Change window placement of new windows
By default, new windows are placed in the top-left corner. To center new windows on creation, edit the org.mate.marco.general.center-new-windows key:
$ dconf write /org/mate/marco/general/center-new-windows true
Lock screen & default background image
/usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas/org.mate.background.gschema.xml under root and change the default in element,
<key type="s" name="picture-filename">. For example:
<key type="s" name="picture-filename"> <default>'/usr/share/archlinux/wallpaper/archlinux-underground.jpg'</default> <summary>Picture Filename</summary> <description>File to use for the background image.</description> </key>
The original image used is
Then, re-compile the schemas:
# glib-compile-schemas /usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas/
Restart your X session for the change to effect.
Styling Qt applications
To make Qt4 applications inherit the MATE theme, do the following:
* Navigate to System -> Preferences -> Qt4 Config or execute
qtconfig-qt4from a shell. * Change GUI Style to
GTK+. * File --> Save.
See Uniform Look for Qt and GTK Applications for more details.
Consistent cursor theme
To ensure a consistent cursor theme edit
~/.icons/default/index.theme to include:
[Icon Theme] Inherits=mate
Where does the name come from?
The name "MATE", pronounced Ma-Tay, comes from yerba maté, a species of holly native to subtropical South America. Its leaves contain caffeine and are used to make infusions and a beverage called mate.