From MATE homepage:
- The MATE Desktop Environment is a fork of GNOME 2. It provides an intuitive and attractive desktop environment using traditional metaphors for Linux and other Unix-like operating systems. MATE is under active development to add support for new technologies while preserving a traditional desktop experience.
- 1 Installation
- 2 Starting
- 3 GNOME 2 Applications
- 4 Tips & Tricks
- 4.1 Upgrading from 1.4 to 1.6
- 4.2 Bluetooth applet
- 4.3 Show or hide desktop icons
- 4.4 Use a different window manager with MATE
- 4.5 Change window decoration button order
- 4.6 Change window placement of new windows
- 4.7 Lock screen & default background image
- 4.8 Styling Qt applications
- 4.9 Consistent cursor theme
- 5 Where does the name come from?
- 6 Useful references
MATE available in the Official Repositories. To install the base MATE components simply install the mate group.
pacman -Syy mate
You can also install the mate-extra group which contains additional MATE utilities and applications.
pacman -Syy mate mate-extra
MATE can be started via a display manager or manually.
Just select MATE from the Sessions list of you favorite Display Manager.
The MATE team recommends LightDM as the display manager with the greeter.
If you are usingAUR from the AUR, simply select the MATE session from the sessions list. For your first time launching MATE, make sure to click "Just this session" when prompted.
In order to be able to launch MATE from KDM, the KDE Display Manager, you have to edit the KDM configuration.
As root, edit the
/usr/share/config/kdm/kdmrc configuration file. Find the SessionsDir parameter and add
/usr/share/xsessions to the list.
It should then look like this:
Restart KDM and select the "MATE session" from the list.
In order to start MATE manually, you must add
~/.xinitrc file and then run
GNOME 2 Applications
MATE is largely composed of GNOME 2 applications and utilities, forked and renamed to avoid conflicting with GNOME 3. Below is a list of common GNOME applications which have been renamed in MATE.
- Alacarte is renamed Mozo.
- Nautilus is renamed Caja.
- Metacity is renamed Marco.
- Gedit is renamed Pluma.
- Eye of GNOME is renamed Eye of MATE.
- Evince is renamed Atril.
- File Roller is renamed Engrampa.
- GNOME Terminal is renamed MATE Terminal.
Other applications and core components prefixed with GNOME (such as GNOME Panel, GNOME Menus etc) have had the prefix changed to MATE so they become MATE Panel, MATE Menus etc.
It is recommended that you use Network Manager for managing networks in MATE. Please see the wiki page for more details on installing and configuring it.
Tips & Tricks
Upgrading from 1.4 to 1.6
MATE 1.6 migrated from
gsettings. If you are updating from an MATE 1.4 you might end up with an empty panel. To resolve the issue reset the panel configuration to its defaults using
# mate-panel --reset
to restore most of your old settings. After upgrading from MATE 1.4 to MATE 1.6 you should remove the some of the old MATE 1.4 libraries that are not required by MATE 1.6, this can also improve the start-up time of MATE.
# pacman -R ffmpegthumbnailer-caja libmate libmatecanvas libmatecomponent libmatecomponentui libmatenotify libmateui mate-conf mate-conf-editor mate-corba mate-mime-data mate-vfs python-corba python-mate python-mate-desktop
You can also use:
# pacman -R $(pacman -Qtdq)
to remove any orphaned packages. Packages which are not orphaned are probably still required.
The MATE bluetooth applet currently requires Bluez4 which has been deprecated. If you need a bluetooth applet in MATE you will have to install AUR and AUR from the AUR. If you want to enable Personal File Sharing over Bluetooth you will also need to install AUR because the packaged version of AUR has had the bluetooth component removed.
Show or hide desktop icons
By default, MATE shows multiple icons on the desktop: The content of your desktop directory, computer, home and network directories, the trash and mounted drives. You can show or hide them individually or all at once using dconf.
Hide individual icons
$ dconf write /org/mate/caja/desktop/computer-icon-visible false
$ dconf write /org/mate/caja/desktop/home-icon-visible false
$ dconf write /org/mate/caja/desktop/network-icon-visible false
$ dconf write /org/mate/caja/desktop/trash-icon-visible false
$ dconf write /org/mate/caja/desktop/volumes-visible false
Replace "false" with "true" for the icons to reappear.
Hide all desktop icons
$ dconf write /org/mate/desktop/background/show-desktop-icons false
Use a different window manager with MATE
The default window manager in MATE is called marco, a fork of the GNOME 2 window manager. You can replace marco with another window manager via a number of different methods:
- The easiest way to change the window manager is to autostart it using
mate-session-properties. Open the System menu, navigate to the Preferences menu and click on Startup Applications. In the dialog click Add. Enter a name and comment in the name and comment sections and in the command section add a command of the following syntax: "name of window manager" "--replace"
For example: for openbox you would use the command
Log out and log in again and marco should be replaced by the window manager of your choice. To revert to marco simply delete the entry you created in Startup Applications.
- Alternatively you can specify the desired window manager in dconf:
$ dconf write /org/mate/desktop/session/required-components/windowmanager "'mywindowmanager'"
replace "mywindowmanager" with the name of the window manager of your choice e.g. openbox or metacity.
- Killing MATE's window manager (marco) and starting your prefered one (this method is not recommended!)
Edit your .xinitrc as follow:
exec mate-session killall marco exec mywindowmanager
and replace "mywindowmanager" with the name of the window manager of your choice.
You can change the button using dconf. The key is in org.mate.marco.general.button-layout. Use the graphical dconf-editor or the dconf command line tool to change it:
$ dconf write /org/mate/marco/general/button-layout "'close,maximize,minimize:'"
and put menu, close, minimize and maximize in your desired order, separated by commas. The colon is the window title (it is necessary for the changes to apply).
Change window placement of new windows
By default, new windows are placed in the top-left corner. To center new windows on creation, edit the org.mate.marco.general.center-new-windows key:
$ dconf write /org/mate/marco/general/center-new-windows true
Lock screen & default background image
You can change the background of the lock screen by creating the following file:
Then, re-compile the schemas:
# glib-compile-schemas /usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas/
Finally, restart your X session for the change to effect.
Styling Qt applications
To make Qt4 applications inherit the MATE theme, do the following:
* Navigate to System -> Preferences -> Qt4 Config or execute
qtconfig-qt4from a shell. * Change GUI Style to
GTK+. * File --> Save.
See Uniform Look for Qt and GTK Applications for more details.
Consistent cursor theme
To ensure a consistent cursor theme edit
~/.icons/default/index.theme to include:
[Icon Theme] Inherits=mate
Where does the name come from?
The name "MATE", pronounced Ma-Tay, comes from yerba maté, a species of holly native to subtropical South America. Its leaves contain caffeine and are used to make infusions and a beverage called mate.