From MATE homepage:
- The MATE Desktop Environment is the continuation of GNOME 2. It provides an intuitive and attractive desktop environment using traditional metaphors for Linux and other Unix-like operating systems. MATE is under active development to add support for new technologies while preserving a traditional desktop experience.
- 1 MATE applications
- 2 Installation
- 3 Starting MATE
- 4 Configuration
- 5 Tips and tricks
- 5.1 Enabling compositing
- 5.2 Enabling new window centering
- 5.3 Enabling window snapping
- 5.4 Show or hide desktop icons
- 5.5 Use a different window manager with MATE
- 5.6 Prevent Caja from managing the desktop
- 5.7 Change window decoration button order
- 5.8 Auto open file manager after drive mount
- 5.9 Screensaver
- 5.10 Lock screen and default background image
- 5.11 Spatial view in Caja
- 5.12 Change font DPI setting
- 5.13 Change applications menu icon
- 5.14 Panel speed settings
- 6 Troubleshooting
- 7 See also
MATE is largely composed of GNOME 2 applications and utilities, forked and renamed to avoid conflicting with their GNOME 3 counterparts. Below is a list of common GNOME applications which have been renamed in MATE.
|image viewer||Eye of GNOME||Eye of MATE|
|archive manager||File Roller||Engrampa|
Other applications and core components prefixed with GNOME (such as GNOME Terminal, GNOME Panel, GNOME Menus, etc.) have had the prefix changed to MATE so they become MATE Panel, MATE Menus etc.
- The group contains the core desktop environment required for the standard MATE experience.
- The group contains additional utilities and applications that integrate well with the MATE desktop. Installing just the group will not pull in the whole group via dependencies. If you want to install all MATE packages then you will need to explicitly install both groups.
The base desktop consists of, and ,
Additional MATE packages
There are additional official packages not included in theor groups because they are not necessarily useful to everyone.
- GNOME Main Menu — A MATE panel applet similar to the traditional main-menu, but with a few additions.
- MATE Netbook — This applet will automatically maximize all windows and provides an application switcher applet.
There are also a number of other unofficial MATE applications that are contributed to and maintained by the MATE community and therefore not included in theor groups.
- MATE AccountsDialog — An application to view and modify user accounts information for MATE.
- Lock Keys Applet — A MATE panel applet that shows which of the CapsLock, NumLock and ScrollLock keys are on and which are off.
- Online Radio Applet — A MATE panel applet to let you play your favourite online radio station with a single click.
- MATE Color Manager — Color management application for MATE.
- MATE Disk Utility — Disk management application for MATE.
- MATE Screensaver Hacks — Enable screensavers from xscreensaver for MATE.
- Variety — Variety changes the wallpaper on a regular interval using user-specified or automatically downloaded images.
The followings are also available via the AUR and integrate with MATE but the packages are not maintained by the MATE team.
- Dock Applet — Application dock for the MATE panel.
- MATE Menu — Advanced menu for MATE Panel, a fork of MintMenu.
- MATE Tweak — Tweak tool for MATE, a fork of mintDesktop.
- TopMenu (GTK+) — MATE panel applet for a global menubar.
Additional packages need to be installed to take advantage of some of Caja's advanced features - see File manager functionality.
GTK+ 3 version
Alternatively, to start MATE with startx, append
exec mate-session to your
~/.xinitrc file. See xinitrc for details, such as preserving the logind session.
MATE can be configured with its Control Center application (mate-control-center) provided by thepackage. To manage some hardware, you may need to install additional tools.
- ALSA and PulseAudio backends are supported by the package.
- For Bluetooth device support, install the package. See Blueman.
- For configuring the network, install the NetworkManager. package. See
- UPower backend is supported by the package.
- For configuring the printers, install the package.
MATE is well suited for use by individuals with sight or mobility impairment. Install , (Screen reader for individuals who are blind or visually impaired) and (On-screen keyboard useful for mobility impaired users)
Before starting MATE for the first time, enter the following command as the user who needs accessibility features:
gsettings set org.mate.interface accessibility true
Once you start MATE, you can configure the accessibility applications via System > Preferences > Assistive Technologies, although if you need Orca, you will need to run it from the
Alt-F2 run window in order to start getting speech.
Tips and tricks
Compositing is not enabled by default. To enable it navigate to run
System -> Preferences -> Windows and click the tick box alongside Enable software compositing window manager in the
General tab. Alternatively, you can run the following from the terminal:
$ dconf write /org/mate/marco/general/compositing-manager true
Enabling new window centering
By default, new windows are placed in the top-left corner. To center new windows on creation navigate to run
System -> Preferences -> Windows and click the tick box alongside Center new windows in the
Placement tab. Alternatively, you can run the following from the terminal:
$ dconf write /org/mate/marco/general/center-new-windows true
Enabling window snapping
Window snapping is not be enabled by default, to enable it navigate to run
System -> Preferences -> Windows and click the tick box alongside Enable side by side tiling in the
Placement tab. Alternatively, you can run the following from the terminal:
$ dconf write /org/mate/marco/general/side-by-side-tiling true
Show or hide desktop icons
By default, MATE shows multiple icons on the desktop: The content of your desktop directory, computer, home and network directories, the trash and mounted drives. You can show or hide them individually or all at once using
Hide all desktop icons
$ dconf write /org/mate/desktop/background/show-desktop-icons false
Hide individual icons
Hide computer icon:
$ dconf write /org/mate/caja/desktop/computer-icon-visible false
Hide user directory icon:
$ dconf write /org/mate/caja/desktop/home-icon-visible false
Hide network icon:
$ dconf write /org/mate/caja/desktop/network-icon-visible false
Hide trash icon:
$ dconf write /org/mate/caja/desktop/trash-icon-visible false
Hide mounted volumes:
$ dconf write /org/mate/caja/desktop/volumes-visible false
true for the icons to reappear.
Use a different window manager with MATE
The marco window manager can be replaced with another window manager via either of the following methods:
- Using DConf (recommended)
Execute the following to specify a different window manager for MATE:
$ dconf write /org/mate/desktop/session/required-components/windowmanager wm-name
- Using MATE session autostart
You can autostart a window manager of your choice using mate-session-properties. This means that the autostarted window manager will replace the default window manager at login. Navigate to System -> Preferences -> Startup Applications. In the dialog click Add. The command should take the syntax
Prevent Caja from managing the desktop
To prevent Caja from managing the desktop, execute the following:
$ gsettings set org.mate.background show-desktop-icons false $ killall caja # caja will be restarted by session manager
You can change the button using dconf. The key is in org.mate.marco.general.button-layout. Use the graphical dconf-editor or the dconf command line tool to change it:
$ dconf write /org/mate/marco/general/button-layout "'close,maximize,minimize:'"
and put menu, close, minimize and maximize in your desired order, separated by commas. The colon is used to specify on which side of the titlebar the window buttons will appear and must be used for the changes to apply.
Auto open file manager after drive mount
By default, MATE automatically opens a new file manager window when a drive is mounted. To disable this, change the following key in dconf:
$ dconf write /org/mate/desktop/media-handling/automount-open false
MATE uses XScreenSaver screensavers with .to lock your session. By default there are a limited number of screensavers available. To make more screensavers available, install the package. This will allow you to use
Lock screen and default background image
The full list of configuration options can be found in
/usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas/org.mate.background.gschema.xml, they are overridden by creating the file
Example #1: Change the background image of the lock screen:
Example #2: Change the lock screen to use a gradient:
[org.mate.background] color-shading-type='vertical-gradient' picture-options='scaled' picture-filename='' primary-color='#152233' secondary-color='#000000'
Re-compile the schemas:
# glib-compile-schemas /usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas/
Finally, restart your X session for the change to effect.
Spatial view in Caja
To ensure that each new folder opens in a new window (known as spatial view), open Caja's preferences dialog, click on the behaviour tab and tick the 'Open each folder in its own window' option. Alternatively, execute the following command which achieves the same effect:
$ gsettings set org.mate.caja.preferences always-use-browser false
Change font DPI setting
You can alter the DPI (dots per inch) of the fonts in MATE by right-clicking on the desktop and choosing Change desktop background > Fonts > Details > Resolution.
By default, the applications menu icon is set to
start-here. To use a different icon, copy your icon to a folder such as
/usr/local/share/pixmaps and execute the following:
$ gsettings set org.mate.panel.menubar icon-name icon
where icon is the name of your icon. Do not include the file extension in the icon name. Finally, restart MATE Panel.
Panel speed settings
- Hide/Unhide delay
To adjust the amount of time it takes for the panel to disappear or reappear when autohide is enabled, execute the following:
$ dconf write /org/mate/panel/toplevels/panel/(un)hide-delay time
where panel is either top or bottom and time is a value in miliseconds, e.g. 300.
- Animation speed
To set the speed at which panel animations occur, execute the following:
$ dconf write /org/mate/panel/toplevels/panel/animation-speed value
where panel is either top or bottom and value is either
Some software may have issues rendering graphics when working on an environment using the nvidia proprietary drivers and a compositing window manager.
To easily toggle the compositing feature, save the following script somewhere within the Home directory, e.g.
#!/bin/bash if $(dconf read /org/mate/marco/general/compositing-manager) == "true" then dconf write /org/mate/marco/general/compositing-manager false else dconf write /org/mate/marco/general/compositing-manager true fi
and then create a custom keyboard shortcut that executes the file, e.g.
Vertical sync for compositing
Consistent cursor theme
Use of gradient backgrounds with LightDM
If you wish to use the default MATE (1.8) Stripes background as the LightDM background as well so as to make for seamless transition from LightDM to MATE, you will find that it is runtime-constructed from a grayscale PNG upon which MATE layers a vertical blue-to-green gradient, something which LightDM does not currently support. If insistent, you can work around this by temporarily setting
false, either through the
dconf Editor tool available from the
System Tools menu or by running
dconf write /org/mate/desktop/background/show-desktop-icons false
from the Alt-F2
Run Application dialog, then running
killall mate-panel from said dialog and hitting
Print Screen before the panel reappears. You are then presented with a
Save As dialog for exactly that fully rendered, screen-sized PNG that you need for LightDM. Run
dconf reset /org/mate/desktop/background/show-desktop-icons
to have your desktop icons reappear.
Enabling panel shadow
Due to a race condition, the panel shadow does not appear after logging in to the MATE desktop, even with compositing enabled. 
/usr/share/applications/marco.desktop and add a delay:
X-MATE-Autostart-Phase=Applications X-MATE-Autostart-Delay=2 X-MATE-Provides=windowmanager X-MATE-Autostart-Notify=true
If this has no effect, increase the delay duration.
Disabling scroll in taskbar
A feature of the MATE panel window list is that windows can be scrolled through using the mouse or touchpad. This feature may be troublesome for some as there is potential for accidental, unintended scrolling through windows.
Whilst there is no way of disabling this feature through MATE's settings, this feature can be disabled by patching Arch Build System; in this case, rebuild libwnck with the following patch. For more information on rebuilding packages with patches applied, see Patching in ABS#Applying patches.using the