Difference between revisions of "MPlayer"

From ArchWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Tips and Tricks: Smplayer OSD/Subtitles font radio problems)
m (mplayer2 is in AUR.)
(38 intermediate revisions by 7 users not shown)
Line 10: Line 10:
 
'''MPlayer''' is a popular movie player for GNU/Linux. It has support for pretty much every video and audio format out there and is hence very versatile, even though most people use it for viewing videos.
 
'''MPlayer''' is a popular movie player for GNU/Linux. It has support for pretty much every video and audio format out there and is hence very versatile, even though most people use it for viewing videos.
  
==Installation==
+
== Installation ==
  
MPlayer can be installed by three different packages from the [[official repositories]]:
+
Various flavours of MPlayer can be [[pacman|installed]] from the [[official repositories]] or from the [[AUR]]:
* {{Pkg|mplayer}}: the standard package.
+
* {{Pkg|mplayer}} - Official package.
* {{Pkg|mplayer-vaapi}}: a VAAPI-enabled version of MPlayer.
+
* {{Pkg|mplayer2}} a [http://www.mplayer2.org/ fork of MPlayer] with several new features.
+
  
Development versions are also available in the [[AUR]]:
+
Notable variants are:
* {{AUR|mplayer-svn}}
+
* {{Pkg|mplayer-vaapi}} - VAAPI-enabled version.
* {{AUR|mplayer2-git}}
+
* {{AUR|mplayer-svn}} - Development version.
 +
* {{AUR|mplayer2}} - Fork of MPlayer. with few [http://www.mplayer2.org/differences/ enhancements].
 +
* {{AUR|mplayer2-git}} - Development version of ''mplayer2''.
 +
{{Note|''mplayer2'' development seems to be ceased in favour of [[mpv]], which is focused on speed and quality of development, though this breaks compatibility with old hardware and software. Be aware of its [https://github.com/mpv-player/mpv/blob/master/DOCS/man/en/changes.rst differences] if you want to use it.}}
  
For differences between the two see [http://www.mplayer2.org/differences/ MPlayer2 vs MPlayer].
+
== Additional installation tips ==
  
==Additional installation tips==
+
=== Frontends/GUIs ===
  
===Frontends/GUIs===
+
* {{App|Deepin Media Player|Rich GTK2/Python interface for the Deepin desktop.|http://www.linuxdeepin.com/|{{AUR|deepin-media-player}}}}
There are several GUIs for MPlayer.
+
* {{App|GNOME MPlayer|Simple GTK+-based GUI for MPlayer.|http://kdekorte.googlepages.com/gnomemplayer|{{Pkg|gnome-mplayer}}}}
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:SMPlayer|SMPlayer]]|A middleweight Qt front-end for MPlayer with additional patches.|http://smplayer.sourceforge.net/|{{Pkg|smplayer}}}}
+
* {{App|KMPlayer|Video player plugin for Konqueror and basic MPlayer/Xine/ffmpeg/ffserver/VDR frontend for KDE.|http://kmplayer.kde.org/|{{AUR|kmplayer}}}}
* {{App|UMPlayer|A SMPlayer fork with extra features (CSS themes, YouTube integration, ShoutCast support, etc.).|http://www.umplayer.com/|{{AUR|umplayer}}}}
+
* {{App|Pymp|PyGTK frontend for MPlayer.|http://jdolan.dyndns.org/trac/wiki/Pymp|{{AUR|pymp}}}}
* {{App|GNOME-MPlayer|A simple GTK-based GUI for MPlayer.|http://kdekorte.googlepages.com/gnomemplayer|{{Pkg|gnome-mplayer}}}}
+
* {{App|Rosa Media Player|Multimedia player based on SMPlayer with clean and elegant UI.|http://www.rosalab.com/|{{AUR|rosa-media-player}}}}
* {{App|Pymp|A PyGTK frontend for MPlayer.|http://jdolan.dyndns.org/trac/wiki/Pymp|{{AUR|pymp}}}}
+
* {{App|[[Wikipedia:SMPlayer|SMPlayer]]|Middleweight Qt front-end for MPlayer with additional patches.|http://smplayer.sourceforge.net/|{{Pkg|smplayer}}}}
* {{App|KMPlayer|A video player plugin for Konqueror and basic MPlayer/Xine/ffmpeg/ffserver/VDR frontend for KDE.|http://kmplayer.kde.org/|{{AUR|kmplayer}}}}
+
* {{App|UMPlayer|SMPlayer fork with extra features (CSS themes, YouTube integration, ShoutCast support, etc.).|http://www.umplayer.com/|{{AUR|umplayer}}}}
* {{App|Xt7-Player|A graphical user interface for MPlayer written in Gambas, with a huge list of features.|http://xt7-player.sourceforge.net/xt7forum/|{{AUR|xt7-player}}}}
+
* {{App|Xt7-Player|Graphical user interface for MPlayer written in Gambas, with a huge list of features.|http://xt7-player.sourceforge.net/xt7forum/|{{AUR|xt7-player}}}}
  
===Browser integration===
+
=== Browser integration ===
  
If you want to let MPlayer control video viewing in your favorite web browser, install the following:
+
If you want to let MPlayer control video viewing in your favorite web browser, install one of the following plugins for your browser.
  
====Firefox====
+
==== Firefox ====
  
A browser plugin is available in the [[official repositories]] with the {{Pkg|gecko-mediaplayer}} package.
+
A browser plugin is available in the official repositories with the {{Pkg|gecko-mediaplayer}} package.
  
{{Note|Depends on {{Pkg|gnome-mplayer}}, which provides a complete frontend to MPlayer.}}
+
{{Note|It depends on {{Pkg|gnome-mplayer}}, which provides a complete frontend to MPlayer.}}
  
====Konqueror====
+
==== Konqueror ====
  
 
A plugin for Konqueror can be found in the [[AUR]] with the {{AUR|kmplayer}} package.
 
A plugin for Konqueror can be found in the [[AUR]] with the {{AUR|kmplayer}} package.
  
{{Note|{{AUR|kmplayer}} Also provides a complete frontend to MPlayer.}}
+
{{Note|{{AUR|kmplayer}} also provides a complete frontend to MPlayer.}}
  
====Chromium====
+
==== Chromium ====
  
 
The {{Pkg|gecko-mediaplayer}} plugin for Firefox also works in [[Chromium]].
 
The {{Pkg|gecko-mediaplayer}} plugin for Firefox also works in [[Chromium]].
  
==Usage==
+
== Usage ==
 +
 
 +
=== Configuration ===
  
===Configuration===
 
 
System-wide configuration is located in {{ic|/etc/mplayer/mplayer.conf}}, whereas the user-local settings are stored in {{ic|~/.mplayer/config}}. The file {{ic|/etc/mplayer/example.conf}} is a good starting point.
 
System-wide configuration is located in {{ic|/etc/mplayer/mplayer.conf}}, whereas the user-local settings are stored in {{ic|~/.mplayer/config}}. The file {{ic|/etc/mplayer/example.conf}} is a good starting point.
  
An example configuration:  
+
An example configuration:
  
 
{{hc|/etc/mplayer/example.conf|2=
 
{{hc|/etc/mplayer/example.conf|2=
 
 
# default configuration that applies to every file
 
# default configuration that applies to every file
 
[default]
 
[default]
  
# use X11 for video output
+
# use X11 for video output, use a framebuffer as fallback
vo=xv
+
vo=xv,directfb
  
# use alsa for audio output
+
# use alsa for audio output, choose oss4 as fallback
ao=alsa
+
ao=alsa,oss
# ao=oss # Use OSS4
+
  
 
# multithreaded decoding of H264/MPEG-1/2 (valid: 1-8)
 
# multithreaded decoding of H264/MPEG-1/2 (valid: 1-8)
Line 84: Line 84:
 
# never use font config
 
# never use font config
 
nofontconfig = 1
 
nofontconfig = 1
 +
 +
# set the window title using the media filename, when not set with --title.
 +
use-filename-title=yes
  
 
# add black borders so the movies have the same aspect ratio of the monitor
 
# add black borders so the movies have the same aspect ratio of the monitor
Line 92: Line 95:
 
#vf-add=expand=::::1:4/3:16
 
#vf-add=expand=::::1:4/3:16
  
#profile for up-mixing two channels audio to six channels
+
# disable screensaver
 +
heartbeat-cmd="xscreensaver-command -deactivate &" # stop xscreensaver
 +
stop-xscreensaver="yes" # stop gnome-screensaver
 +
 
 +
# correct pitch when speed is faster or slower than 1.0
 +
af=scaletempo
 +
 
 +
# allow to seek in a file which is still downloading whilst watching it
 +
idx=yes
 +
 
 +
# allow to increase the maximal volume
 +
#softvol=1
 +
#softvol-max=600
 +
 
 +
# skip displaying some frames to maintain A/V sync on slow systems
 +
framedrop=yes
 +
 
 +
# more intense frame dropping (breaks decoding)
 +
#hardframedrop=yes
 +
 
 +
# profile for up-mixing two channels audio to six channels
 
# use -profile 2chto6ch to activate
 
# use -profile 2chto6ch to activate
 
[2chto6ch]
 
[2chto6ch]
 
af-add=pan=6:1:0:.4:0:.6:2:0:1:0:.4:.6:2
 
af-add=pan=6:1:0:.4:0:.6:2:0:1:0:.4:.6:2
+
 
#profile to down-mixing six channels audio to two channels
+
# profile to down-mixing six channels audio to two channels
 
# use -profile 6chto2ch to activate
 
# use -profile 6chto2ch to activate
 
[6chto2ch]
 
[6chto2ch]
 
af-add=pan=2:0.7:0:0:0.7:0.5:0:0:0.5:0.6:0.6:0:0
 
af-add=pan=2:0.7:0:0:0.7:0.5:0:0:0.5:0.6:0.6:0:0
  
# Disable screensaver.
 
heartbeat-cmd="xscreensaver-command -deactivate &" # stop xscreensaver
 
stop-xscreensaver="yes" # stop gnome-screensaver
 
 
}}
 
}}
  
===Key Bindings===
+
=== Key bindings ===
  
:This is a list of the most basic MPlayer keys. For a complete list of keyboard shortcuts look at {{ic|man mplayer}}.
+
System key bindings are configured via {{ic|/etc/mplayer/input.conf}}. Personal key bindings are stored in {{ic|~/.mplayer/input.conf}}. This is a list of some basic default MPlayer keys. For a complete list of keyboard shortcuts look at {{ic|man mplayer}}.
  
 
{|
 
{|
Line 115: Line 135:
 
! align=left | Description
 
! align=left | Description
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Keypress|p}}
+
| {{ic|p}}
 
| Toggle pause/play.
 
| Toggle pause/play.
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Keypress|Space}}
+
| {{ic|Space}}
 
| Toggle pause/play.
 
| Toggle pause/play.
 
|-
 
|-
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Keypress|Backspace}}
+
| {{ic|Backspace}}
 
| Return to menu when using dvdnav.
 
| Return to menu when using dvdnav.
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Keypress|←}}
+
| {{ic|←}}
 
| Seek backward ten seconds.
 
| Seek backward ten seconds.
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Keypress|→}}
+
| {{ic|→}}
 
| Seek forward ten seconds.
 
| Seek forward ten seconds.
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Keypress|↓}}
+
| {{ic|↓}}
 
| Seek backward one minute.
 
| Seek backward one minute.
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Keypress|↑}}
+
| {{ic|↑}}
 
| Seek forward one minute.
 
| Seek forward one minute.
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Keypress|<}}
+
| {{ic|<}}
 
| Go back in the playlist.
 
| Go back in the playlist.
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Keypress|>}}
+
| {{ic|>}}
 
| Go forward in the playlist.
 
| Go forward in the playlist.
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Keypress|m}}
+
| {{ic|m}}
 
| Mute the sound.
 
| Mute the sound.
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Keypress|0}}
+
| {{ic|0}}
 
| Volume up.
 
| Volume up.
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Keypress|9}}
+
| {{ic|9}}
 
| Volume down.
 
| Volume down.
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Keypress|f}}
+
| {{ic|f}}
 
| Toggle fullscreen mode.
 
| Toggle fullscreen mode.
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Keypress|o}}
+
| {{ic|o}}
 
| Toggle OSD state.
 
| Toggle OSD state.
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Keypress|v}}
+
| {{ic|v}}
 
| Toggle subtitle visibility.
 
| Toggle subtitle visibility.
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Keypress|I}}
+
| {{ic|I}}
 
| Show filename.
 
| Show filename.
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Keypress|1}}, {{Keypress|2}}
+
| {{ic|1}}, {{ic|2}}
 
| Adjust contrast.
 
| Adjust contrast.
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Keypress|3}}, {{Keypress|4}}
+
| {{ic|3}}, {{ic|4}}
 
| Adjust brightness.
 
| Adjust brightness.
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Keypress|j}}
+
| {{ic|j}}
 
| Cycle through the available subtitles.
 
| Cycle through the available subtitles.
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Keypress|#}}
+
| {{ic|#}}
 
| Cycle through the available audio tracks.
 
| Cycle through the available audio tracks.
 
|}
 
|}
  
== Tips and Tricks ==
+
== Tips and tricks ==
===Automatic Resuming Where You Left Off===
+
  
The [[AUR]] contains an elegant perl wrapper-script which will allow autoresuming from the point at which playback was stopped {{AUR|mplayer-resumer}}.
+
=== Automatic resuming from where you left off ===
  
Usage is trivial: simply call the wrapper-script in place of mplayer.
+
To get this behavior, you can install the {{AUR|mplayer-resumer}} package from the [[AUR]]. The package contains a Perl wrapper script for MPlayer which will allow you to autoresume playback from the point it was last stopped.
Example:
+
$ mplayer-resumer [options] [path/]filename
+
  
If this script is restarted within $tdiff (default 5 seconds) then it will delete the file used to keep track of the videos resume position.
+
To use it, simply call the wrapper script in place of MPlayer:
 +
$ mplayer-resumer ''options'' ''path/to/file''
  
'''RATIONALE'''
+
If this script is restarted within a short amount of time after closing MPayer (default 5 seconds) then it will delete the file used to keep track of the videos resume position, effectively starting the video from the beginning.
  
Watching 90% of a video and stopping causes you to return to the beginning again the next time you watch it.  Remembering where you were in the video and resuming at that position is a much nicer behavior for the user.  By default, mplayer spits out timecode information that tells you where you are in the video, to the tenth of a second.  MPlayer also supports a seek feature on the command-line.  We can make use of these features to write an mplayer wrapper that will remember the last position in a video file and resume to it on playback.
+
If the video file to be played is on a read-only filesystem, or otherwise lives in a location that cannot be written to, resume will fail. This is because the current implementation uses a file parallel to the video file to store the timecode.
  
'''DESIGN LIMITATION'''
+
=== Enabling VDPAU ===
  
If the video file to be played is on a read-only filesystem, or otherwise lives in a location that cannot be written to, resume will fail. This is because the current implementation uses a file parallel to the video file to store the timecode.
+
For a complete list of NVIDIA VDPAU capable hardware, see [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PureVideo#Table_of_PureVideo_.28HD.29_GPUs this table]. Ensure the {{Pkg|nvidia}} driver is installed and consider one of the following two methods to automatically enable VDPAU for playback.
  
===Enabling VDPAU (modern Nvidia cards only)===
+
For Intel/AMD, you can use {{AUR|libvdpau-va-gl}} — VAAPI backend for VDPAU. For AMD you should also install {{AUR|xvba-video}}. To use it, create:
 +
{{hc|/etc/profile.d/vdpau_vaapi.sh|
 +
#!/bin/sh
 +
export VDPAU_DRIVER&#61;va_gl
 +
}}
 +
and make it executable:
 +
# chmod +x /etc/profile.d/vdpau_vaapi.sh
 +
and reboot or relogin.
  
For a complete list of VDPAU capable hardware, see [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PureVideo#Table_of_PureVideo_.28HD.29_GPUs this table].  Ensure the {{Pkg|nvidia}} driver is installed and consider one of the following two methods to automatically enable VDPAU for playback.
+
==== Using a configuration file ====
 
+
==== 1. Using a conf file ====
+
Append the following to either the system-wide ({{ic|/etc/mplayer/mplayer.conf}}) or user-specific ({{ic|~/.mplayer/config}}) config files:
+
  
 +
Append the following to either the system-wide ({{ic|/etc/mplayer/mplayer.conf}}) or user-specific ({{ic|~/.mplayer/config}}) configuration files:
 
  vo=vdpau,
 
  vo=vdpau,
 
  vc=ffh264vdpau,ffmpeg12vdpau,ffodivxvdpau,ffwmv3vdpau,ffvc1vdpau,
 
  vc=ffh264vdpau,ffmpeg12vdpau,ffodivxvdpau,ffwmv3vdpau,ffvc1vdpau,
  
 
{{Note|The trailing commas are important! They tell MPlayer to fall back on other drivers and codecs should the specified ones not be found.}}
 
{{Note|The trailing commas are important! They tell MPlayer to fall back on other drivers and codecs should the specified ones not be found.}}
{{Warning|The ffodivxvdpau is only supported by the most recent series of Nvidia hardware. Consider omitting it based on your specific hardware. See [[NVIDIA#Enabling_Pure_Video_HD_.28VDPAU.2FVAAPI.29|the Nvidia page]] for more information.}}
+
{{Warning|The {{ic|ffodivxvdpau}} codec is only supported by the most recent series of NVIDIA hardware. Consider omitting it based on your specific hardware. See [[NVIDIA#Enabling_Pure_Video_HD_.28VDPAU.2FVAAPI.29|the NVIDIA page]] for more information.}}
  
==== 2. Using a wrapper script ====
+
==== Using a wrapper script ====
  
The [[AUR]] contains a trivial bash script called {{AUR|mplayer-vdpau-auto}} that detects which video codec to use and when to use VDPAU as the video output.
+
The [[AUR]] contains a trivial Bash script called {{AUR|mplayer-vdpau-auto}} that detects which video codec to use and when to use VDPAU as the video output.
  
Another simple wrapper {{AUR|mplayer-vdpau-shell-git}} that can recover from VDPAU FATAL error.
+
Another simple wrapper is {{AUR|mplayer-vdpau-shell-git}}, which can recover from a VDPAU FATAL error.
This wrapper uses the "-include" option to include a VDPAU configuration, so you'd better not contain VDPAU settings in .mplayer/config.
+
This wrapper uses the "-include" option to include a VDPAU configuration, so it will ignore any VDPAU specific settings in your {{ic|~/.mplayer/config}} file.
  
===Translucent Video with radeon and Composite enabled===
+
=== Translucent video with Radeon cards and Composite enabled ===
  
To get translucent video output in X you have to enable textured video in mplayer:
+
To get translucent video output in X you have to enable textured video in MPlayer:
 
+
  $ mplayer -vo xv:adaptor=1 ''file''
  $ mplayer -vo xv:adaptor=1 <File>
+
  
 
Or add the following line to {{ic|~/.mplayer/config}}:
 
Or add the following line to {{ic|~/.mplayer/config}}:
 
 
  vo=xv:adaptor=1
 
  vo=xv:adaptor=1
  
You can use xvinfo to check which video modes your graphic card supports.
+
You can use {{ic|xvinfo}} to check which video modes your graphic card supports.
  
=== SMPlayer No Video Issue ===
+
=== Watching streamed video ===
  
SMPlayer may have trouble opening mp4 (and probably flv) videos. If it plays only audio without video here is the fix:
+
If you want to play a video stream (e.g an {{ic|ASX}} link) use:
Open your {{Ic|~/.mplayer/config}} file and add
+
$ mplayer -playlist link-to-stream.asx
 +
The {{ic|-playlist}} option is necessary because these streams are actually playlists and cannot be played without it.
  
  [extension.mp4]
+
==== DVD playing ====
  demuxer=mov
+
  
If problem persists after doing so, it is because of smplayer is keeping settings for that specific file. Deleting file settings of smplayer will fix this.
+
To play a DVD with MPlayer:
  
  $ rm -rf ~/.config/smplayer/file_settings
+
$ mplayer dvd://''N''
  
=== SMPlayer fails to resume playback after pause ===
+
where ''N'' is the desired chapter number. Start at 1 and work up if unsure.
  
SMPlayer might stop playing a video after pausing it if your audio output driver is set wrong. If PulseAudio is used start mplayer with the "-ao pulse" argument or edit your {{Ic|~/.mplayer/config}} file and add
+
Mplayer checks {{ic|/dev/dvd}} by default. Tell it to use {{ic|/dev/sr0}} with the {{ic|dvd-device}} option at the command line, or the {{ic|dvd-device}} variable in {{ic|~/.mplayer/config}}.
  
  ao=pulse
+
To play a DVD image file:
  
In SMPlayer you have to change your "Output-driver" under "General" - "Audio" in the options.
+
$ mplayer -dvd-device movie.iso dvd://''N''
  
===Transparent SMPlayer in Gnome with Composite enabled===
+
To enable the DVD menu use:
  
Have you noticed the transparent screen of smplayer when you are using compiz and maybe cairo-dock? Well it's ridiculous that when you open your videos using SMplayer you can just hear audio and no video! Here's how you fix this: [copy paste into terminal]
+
$ mplayer dvdnav://
  
    sudo bash -c "cat > /usr/bin/smplayer.helper" <<EOF
+
{{Note|You use arrow keys to navigate and the {{ic|Enter}} key to choose.}}
    export XLIB_SKIP_ARGB_VISUALS=1
+
To enable mouse support in DVD menus use:
    exec smplayer.real "$@"
+
    EOF
+
    sudo chmod 755 /usr/bin/smplayer.helper
+
    sudo mv /usr/bin/smplayer{,.real}
+
    sudo ln -sf smplayer.helper /usr/bin/smplayer
+
  
If you don't use sudo then just use "su" to login as root and do the above!
+
$ mplayer -mouse-movements dvdnav://
  
===SMPlayer: OSD font too big / Subtitle text too small===
+
To find the audio language, start MPlayer with the {{ic|-v}} switch to output audio IDs. An audio track is selected with {{ic|-aid ''audio_id''}}. Set a default audio language by editing {{ic|~/.mplayer/config}} and adding the line {{ic|1=alang=en}} for English.  
Since smplayer 0.8.2.1 / mplayer2 20121128-1, the ratio of the subtitle font to the OSD font is very strange which can result in OSD text (like Mouse Wheel function) filling the whole screen while subtitles are very small and unreadable. This problem can be solved by adding:
+
-subfont-osd-scale 2
+
... or similar to the extra options passed to mplayer (in smplayer advanced options).
+
  
 +
With MPlayer, the DVD could be set to a low volume. To increase the maximum volume to 400%, use {{ic|1=softvol=yes}} and {{ic|1=softvol-max=400}}. The startup volume defaults to 100% of software volume and the global mixer levels will remain untouched. Using the {ic|9}} and {{ic|0}} keys, volume can be adjusted between 0 and 400 percent.
  
===Watching streamed video===
+
alang=en
If you want to play a video stream (e.g *.asx link) use:
+
softvol=yes
 +
softvol-max=400
  
$ mplayer -playlist link-to-stream.asx
+
=== JACK support ===
  
To play the stream, as these are playlists of streams and won't be playable by omitting the -playlist option.
+
To have MPlayer audio output directed to [[JACK]] as its default behavior, edit {{ic|~/.mplayer/config}} and add:
 +
ao=jack
  
===Play mplayer with dvdnav support===
+
If you don't have JACK running all the time, you can have MPlayer output to JACK on an as-needed basis by invoking MPlayer from the command line as such:
If you want to use mplayer with dvdnav support to enable the menus of a dvd then use the following syntax:
+
$ mplayer -ao jack [path/to/file]
  
$ mplayer -nocache dvdnav://
+
== Troubleshooting ==
  
===Seek forward/backward in a downloading file===
+
=== MPlayer fails to open files with spaces ===
If you want to be able to seek forward and backward in a video file which is still downloading whilst watching it, add the following to your config file.
+
  
  idx=yes
+
MPlayer can fail to open a file with spaces (e.g. 'The Movie') by saying that it could not open the file {{ic|file:///''The%20Movie''}} (where all spaces are converted to {{ic|%20}}). This can be fixed by editing {{ic|/usr/share/applications/mplayer.desktop}} to changing the following line from:
 +
  Exec=mplayer %U
 +
to:
 +
Exec=mplayer "%F"
  
===Increase the total volume===
+
If you use a frontend/GUI for MPlayer, enter its name in {{ic|<nowiki>Exec=gui_name "%F"</nowiki>}}.
If the maximal volume provided by the sound settings is not loud enough, you can increase the volume by mplayer itself. Activate softvol and set a maximal level which has to range between 10 and 10000.
+
  
softvol=1
+
=== SMPlayer: No video issue ===
softvol-max=600
+
  
===Stream mplayer audio to jackd===
+
SMPlayer may have trouble opening some {{ic|MP4}} (and probably {{ic|FLV}}) videos. If it plays only audio without any video, a possible fix is to add the following lines to your {{ic|~/.mplayer/config}} file:
 +
[extension.mp4]
 +
demuxer=mov
  
To have mplayer audio output directed to [[JACK]] as its default behavior, edit {{ic|~/.mplayer/config}} and add:
+
If problem persists after doing so, it is because SMPlayer is keeping settings for that specific file. Deleting the settings for all the files that SMPlayer is keeping will solve this problem:
 +
$ rm -rf ~/.config/smplayer/file_settings
  
ao=jack
+
=== SMPlayer: fail to resume playback after pause ===
  
If you don't have JACK running all the time, you can have MPlayer output to JACK on an as-needed basis by invoking MPlayer from the command line as such:  
+
SMPlayer might stop playing a video after pausing it if your audio output driver is incorrectly set. You can fix this by specifically setting your audio driver. For example, if you use PulseAudio, this can be done by starting MPlayer with the {{ic|-ao pulse}} argument or by adding
 +
the following to your {{ic|~/.mplayer/config}} file:
 +
ao=pulse
  
{{ic|$ mplayer -ao jack [path]/filename}}
+
You can also change this from SMPlayer by going to ''Options > Preferences > General > Audio'' and setting the ''Output Driver'' option to ''pulse''.
  
=== MPlayer fails to open files with spaces ===
+
=== SMPlayer: no video when using transparency in GNOME ===
  
If you try to open a file with spaces (The Movie) and mplayer fails. Saying that it could not open the file (file:///The%20Movie), where all spaces are converted to %20.  
+
This problem may arise under GNOME when using Compiz to provide transparency: SMPlayer starts with a transparent screen with audio playing, but no video. To fix this, create (as root) a file with the contents:
 +
{{hc|/usr/local/bin/smplayer.helper|<nowiki>
 +
export XLIB_SKIP_ARGB_VISUALS=1
 +
exec smplayer.real "$@"
 +
</nowiki>}}
  
Then edit {{ic|/usr/share/applications/mplayer.desktop}} to change the following line from:
+
Then do the following:
   
+
# chmod 755 /usr/local/bin/smplayer.helper
Exec=mplayer %U
+
  # ln -sf /usr/local/bin/smplayer.helper /usr/local/bin/smplayer
  
To:
+
=== SMPlayer: OSD font too big / subtitle text too small ===
  
  Exec=mplayer "%F"
+
Since SMPlayer 0.8.2.1 (with MPlayer2 20121128-1), the ratio of the subtitle font to the OSD font is very strange. This can result in the OSD text filling the whole screen while the subtitles are very small and unreadable. This problem can be solved by adding:
 +
  -subfont-osd-scale 2
 +
or to the extra options passed to MPlayer from SMPlayer. These options are found in ''Options > Preferences > Advanced > Options for MPlayer''. This can also be achieved by adding the following line to {{ic|~/.mplayer/config}}:
 +
subfont-osd-scale=2
  
If you have a frontend/GUI enter GUI name in Exec=gui_name "%F".
+
== See also ==
  
==External links==
 
 
* [http://www.mplayerhq.hu/ Official MPlayer website]
 
* [http://www.mplayerhq.hu/ Official MPlayer website]
* [http://www.keyxl.com/aaa2fa5/302/MPlayer-keyboard-shortcuts.htm List of shortcut keys]
+
* [http://www.mplayer2.org/ Official MPlayer2 website]
 +
* [http://wiki.multimedia.cx/index.php?title=MPlayer_FAQ MPlayer FAQ]
 +
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n4Ul_A0VBVI MPlayer notes]
 +
* [https://help.ubuntu.com/community/MPlayerTips MPlayer tips]
 +
* [http://how-to.wikia.com/wiki/How_to_configure_MPlayer How to configure MPlayer]

Revision as of 21:07, 5 October 2013

MPlayer is a popular movie player for GNU/Linux. It has support for pretty much every video and audio format out there and is hence very versatile, even though most people use it for viewing videos.

Installation

Various flavours of MPlayer can be installed from the official repositories or from the AUR:

Notable variants are:

Note: mplayer2 development seems to be ceased in favour of mpv, which is focused on speed and quality of development, though this breaks compatibility with old hardware and software. Be aware of its differences if you want to use it.

Additional installation tips

Frontends/GUIs

  • Deepin Media Player — Rich GTK2/Python interface for the Deepin desktop.
http://www.linuxdeepin.com/ || deepin-media-playerAUR
  • GNOME MPlayer — Simple GTK+-based GUI for MPlayer.
http://kdekorte.googlepages.com/gnomemplayer || gnome-mplayer
  • KMPlayer — Video player plugin for Konqueror and basic MPlayer/Xine/ffmpeg/ffserver/VDR frontend for KDE.
http://kmplayer.kde.org/ || kmplayerAUR
  • Pymp — PyGTK frontend for MPlayer.
http://jdolan.dyndns.org/trac/wiki/Pymp || pympAUR
  • Rosa Media Player — Multimedia player based on SMPlayer with clean and elegant UI.
http://www.rosalab.com/ || rosa-media-playerAUR
  • SMPlayer — Middleweight Qt front-end for MPlayer with additional patches.
http://smplayer.sourceforge.net/ || smplayer
  • UMPlayer — SMPlayer fork with extra features (CSS themes, YouTube integration, ShoutCast support, etc.).
http://www.umplayer.com/ || umplayerAUR
  • Xt7-Player — Graphical user interface for MPlayer written in Gambas, with a huge list of features.
http://xt7-player.sourceforge.net/xt7forum/ || xt7-playerAUR

Browser integration

If you want to let MPlayer control video viewing in your favorite web browser, install one of the following plugins for your browser.

Firefox

A browser plugin is available in the official repositories with the gecko-mediaplayer package.

Note: It depends on gnome-mplayer, which provides a complete frontend to MPlayer.

Konqueror

A plugin for Konqueror can be found in the AUR with the kmplayerAUR package.

Note: kmplayerAUR also provides a complete frontend to MPlayer.

Chromium

The gecko-mediaplayer plugin for Firefox also works in Chromium.

Usage

Configuration

System-wide configuration is located in /etc/mplayer/mplayer.conf, whereas the user-local settings are stored in ~/.mplayer/config. The file /etc/mplayer/example.conf is a good starting point.

An example configuration:

/etc/mplayer/example.conf
# default configuration that applies to every file
[default]

# use X11 for video output, use a framebuffer as fallback
vo=xv,directfb

# use alsa for audio output, choose oss4 as fallback
ao=alsa,oss

# multithreaded decoding of H264/MPEG-1/2 (valid: 1-8)
lavdopts=threads=2

# prefer using six channels audio
channels = 6

# scale the subtitles to the 3% of the screen size
subfont-text-scale = 3

# never use font config
nofontconfig = 1

# set the window title using the media filename, when not set with --title.
use-filename-title=yes

# add black borders so the movies have the same aspect ratio of the monitor
# for wide screen monitors
vf-add=expand=::::1:16/9:16

# for non wide screen traditional monitors
#vf-add=expand=::::1:4/3:16

# disable screensaver
heartbeat-cmd="xscreensaver-command -deactivate &" # stop xscreensaver
stop-xscreensaver="yes" # stop gnome-screensaver

# correct pitch when speed is faster or slower than 1.0
af=scaletempo

# allow to seek in a file which is still downloading whilst watching it
idx=yes

# allow to increase the maximal volume
#softvol=1
#softvol-max=600

# skip displaying some frames to maintain A/V sync on slow systems
framedrop=yes

# more intense frame dropping (breaks decoding)
#hardframedrop=yes

# profile for up-mixing two channels audio to six channels
# use -profile 2chto6ch to activate
[2chto6ch]
af-add=pan=6:1:0:.4:0:.6:2:0:1:0:.4:.6:2

# profile to down-mixing six channels audio to two channels
# use -profile 6chto2ch to activate
[6chto2ch]
af-add=pan=2:0.7:0:0:0.7:0.5:0:0:0.5:0.6:0.6:0:0

Key bindings

System key bindings are configured via /etc/mplayer/input.conf. Personal key bindings are stored in ~/.mplayer/input.conf. This is a list of some basic default MPlayer keys. For a complete list of keyboard shortcuts look at man mplayer.

Key Description
p Toggle pause/play.
Space Toggle pause/play.
Backspace Return to menu when using dvdnav.
Seek backward ten seconds.
Seek forward ten seconds.
Seek backward one minute.
Seek forward one minute.
< Go back in the playlist.
> Go forward in the playlist.
m Mute the sound.
0 Volume up.
9 Volume down.
f Toggle fullscreen mode.
o Toggle OSD state.
v Toggle subtitle visibility.
I Show filename.
1, 2 Adjust contrast.
3, 4 Adjust brightness.
j Cycle through the available subtitles.
# Cycle through the available audio tracks.

Tips and tricks

Automatic resuming from where you left off

To get this behavior, you can install the mplayer-resumerAUR package from the AUR. The package contains a Perl wrapper script for MPlayer which will allow you to autoresume playback from the point it was last stopped.

To use it, simply call the wrapper script in place of MPlayer:

$ mplayer-resumer options path/to/file

If this script is restarted within a short amount of time after closing MPayer (default 5 seconds) then it will delete the file used to keep track of the videos resume position, effectively starting the video from the beginning.

If the video file to be played is on a read-only filesystem, or otherwise lives in a location that cannot be written to, resume will fail. This is because the current implementation uses a file parallel to the video file to store the timecode.

Enabling VDPAU

For a complete list of NVIDIA VDPAU capable hardware, see this table. Ensure the nvidia driver is installed and consider one of the following two methods to automatically enable VDPAU for playback.

For Intel/AMD, you can use libvdpau-va-glAUR — VAAPI backend for VDPAU. For AMD you should also install xvba-videoAUR. To use it, create:

/etc/profile.d/vdpau_vaapi.sh
#!/bin/sh
export VDPAU_DRIVER=va_gl

and make it executable:

# chmod +x /etc/profile.d/vdpau_vaapi.sh

and reboot or relogin.

Using a configuration file

Append the following to either the system-wide (/etc/mplayer/mplayer.conf) or user-specific (~/.mplayer/config) configuration files:

vo=vdpau,
vc=ffh264vdpau,ffmpeg12vdpau,ffodivxvdpau,ffwmv3vdpau,ffvc1vdpau,
Note: The trailing commas are important! They tell MPlayer to fall back on other drivers and codecs should the specified ones not be found.
Warning: The ffodivxvdpau codec is only supported by the most recent series of NVIDIA hardware. Consider omitting it based on your specific hardware. See the NVIDIA page for more information.

Using a wrapper script

The AUR contains a trivial Bash script called mplayer-vdpau-autoAUR that detects which video codec to use and when to use VDPAU as the video output.

Another simple wrapper is mplayer-vdpau-shell-gitAUR, which can recover from a VDPAU FATAL error. This wrapper uses the "-include" option to include a VDPAU configuration, so it will ignore any VDPAU specific settings in your ~/.mplayer/config file.

Translucent video with Radeon cards and Composite enabled

To get translucent video output in X you have to enable textured video in MPlayer:

$ mplayer -vo xv:adaptor=1 file

Or add the following line to ~/.mplayer/config:

vo=xv:adaptor=1

You can use xvinfo to check which video modes your graphic card supports.

Watching streamed video

If you want to play a video stream (e.g an ASX link) use:

$ mplayer -playlist link-to-stream.asx

The -playlist option is necessary because these streams are actually playlists and cannot be played without it.

DVD playing

To play a DVD with MPlayer:

$ mplayer dvd://N

where N is the desired chapter number. Start at 1 and work up if unsure.

Mplayer checks /dev/dvd by default. Tell it to use /dev/sr0 with the dvd-device option at the command line, or the dvd-device variable in ~/.mplayer/config.

To play a DVD image file:

$ mplayer -dvd-device movie.iso dvd://N

To enable the DVD menu use:

$ mplayer dvdnav://
Note: You use arrow keys to navigate and the Enter key to choose.

To enable mouse support in DVD menus use:

$ mplayer -mouse-movements dvdnav://

To find the audio language, start MPlayer with the -v switch to output audio IDs. An audio track is selected with -aid audio_id. Set a default audio language by editing ~/.mplayer/config and adding the line alang=en for English.

With MPlayer, the DVD could be set to a low volume. To increase the maximum volume to 400%, use softvol=yes and softvol-max=400. The startup volume defaults to 100% of software volume and the global mixer levels will remain untouched. Using the {ic|9}} and 0 keys, volume can be adjusted between 0 and 400 percent.

alang=en
softvol=yes
softvol-max=400

JACK support

To have MPlayer audio output directed to JACK as its default behavior, edit ~/.mplayer/config and add:

ao=jack

If you don't have JACK running all the time, you can have MPlayer output to JACK on an as-needed basis by invoking MPlayer from the command line as such:

$ mplayer -ao jack [path/to/file]

Troubleshooting

MPlayer fails to open files with spaces

MPlayer can fail to open a file with spaces (e.g. 'The Movie') by saying that it could not open the file file:///The%20Movie (where all spaces are converted to %20). This can be fixed by editing /usr/share/applications/mplayer.desktop to changing the following line from:

Exec=mplayer %U

to:

Exec=mplayer "%F"

If you use a frontend/GUI for MPlayer, enter its name in Exec=gui_name "%F".

SMPlayer: No video issue

SMPlayer may have trouble opening some MP4 (and probably FLV) videos. If it plays only audio without any video, a possible fix is to add the following lines to your ~/.mplayer/config file:

[extension.mp4]
demuxer=mov

If problem persists after doing so, it is because SMPlayer is keeping settings for that specific file. Deleting the settings for all the files that SMPlayer is keeping will solve this problem:

$ rm -rf ~/.config/smplayer/file_settings

SMPlayer: fail to resume playback after pause

SMPlayer might stop playing a video after pausing it if your audio output driver is incorrectly set. You can fix this by specifically setting your audio driver. For example, if you use PulseAudio, this can be done by starting MPlayer with the -ao pulse argument or by adding the following to your ~/.mplayer/config file:

ao=pulse

You can also change this from SMPlayer by going to Options > Preferences > General > Audio and setting the Output Driver option to pulse.

SMPlayer: no video when using transparency in GNOME

This problem may arise under GNOME when using Compiz to provide transparency: SMPlayer starts with a transparent screen with audio playing, but no video. To fix this, create (as root) a file with the contents:

/usr/local/bin/smplayer.helper
export XLIB_SKIP_ARGB_VISUALS=1
exec smplayer.real "$@"

Then do the following:

# chmod 755 /usr/local/bin/smplayer.helper
# ln -sf /usr/local/bin/smplayer.helper /usr/local/bin/smplayer

SMPlayer: OSD font too big / subtitle text too small

Since SMPlayer 0.8.2.1 (with MPlayer2 20121128-1), the ratio of the subtitle font to the OSD font is very strange. This can result in the OSD text filling the whole screen while the subtitles are very small and unreadable. This problem can be solved by adding:

-subfont-osd-scale 2

or to the extra options passed to MPlayer from SMPlayer. These options are found in Options > Preferences > Advanced > Options for MPlayer. This can also be achieved by adding the following line to ~/.mplayer/config:

subfont-osd-scale=2

See also