Difference between revisions of "MSI Wind U100"

From ArchWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m (cat)
(30 intermediate revisions by 11 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
This article pertains to the MSI Wind U100 netbook.
+
[[Category:MSI]]
 +
This article pertains to the MSI Wind U100 netbook/sub-notebook.
  
 
==Hardware==
 
==Hardware==
    * CPU: Intel Atom N270 1.6Ghz
+
* CPU: Intel Atom N270 1.6Ghz
    * RAM: 1024 Mb, DDR2 667Mhz (optional)
+
* RAM: 1024 Mb, DDR2 667Mhz (optional)
    * HDD: WD 80Gb SATA (optional)
+
* HDD: WD 80Gb SATA (optional)
    * VGA: Intel 945 GME, 64 MB DDR
+
* VGA: Intel 945 GMA, 64 MB DDR
    * LCD: 1024x600, 10.2" widescreen
+
* LCD: 1024x600, 10.2" widescreen
    * WLAN: Realtek RTL8187SE , 802.11 a/b/g
+
* WLAN: Realtek RTL8187SE , 802.11 a/b/g
    * LAN: Realtek RTL8101/02
+
* LAN: Realtek RTL8101/02
    * CAM: 1.3 Mpix
+
* CAM: 1.3 Mpix
    * BAT: LI-ON 3 cell 2200 mAh, 2 hours (optional)
+
* BAT: LI-ON 3 cell 2200 mAh, 2 hours (optional)
    * bluetooth, card reader, 3x USB 2.0
+
* Bluetooth, card reader, 3x USB 2.0
 +
* Touchpad: Synaptics or Sentelic
  
 +
===lspci===
 
   00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Mobile 945GME Express Memory Controller Hub (rev 03)  
 
   00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Mobile 945GME Express Memory Controller Hub (rev 03)  
 
   00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation Mobile 945GME Express Integrated Graphics Controller (rev 03)
 
   00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation Mobile 945GME Express Integrated Graphics Controller (rev 03)
   00:02.1 Display controller: Intel Corporation Mobile 945GM/GMS/GME, 943/940GML Express Integrated     Graphics Controller (rev 03)
+
   00:02.1 Display controller: Intel Corporation Mobile 945GM/GMS/GME, 943/940GML Express Integrated Graphics Controller (rev 03)
 
   00:1b.0 Audio device: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) High Definition Audio Controller (rev 02)
 
   00:1b.0 Audio device: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) High Definition Audio Controller (rev 02)
 
   00:1c.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) PCI Express Port 1 (rev 02)
 
   00:1c.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) PCI Express Port 1 (rev 02)
Line 27: Line 30:
 
   00:1f.0 ISA bridge: Intel Corporation 82801GBM (ICH7-M) LPC Interface Bridge (rev 02)
 
   00:1f.0 ISA bridge: Intel Corporation 82801GBM (ICH7-M) LPC Interface Bridge (rev 02)
 
   00:1f.2 IDE interface: Intel Corporation 82801GBM/GHM (ICH7 Family) SATA IDE Controller (rev 02)
 
   00:1f.2 IDE interface: Intel Corporation 82801GBM/GHM (ICH7 Family) SATA IDE Controller (rev 02)
   01:00.0 Ethernet controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8101E/RTL8102E PCI Express Fast     Ethernet controller (rev 02)
+
   01:00.0 Ethernet controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8101E/RTL8102E PCI Express Fast Ethernet controller (rev 02)
 
   02:00.0 Network controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8187SE Wireless LAN Controller (rev 22)
 
   02:00.0 Network controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8187SE Wireless LAN Controller (rev 22)
  
Some have an alternate wireless card:
+
Some have other wireless cards:
 
   02:00.0 Network controller: Atheros Communications Inc. AR928X Wireless Network Adapter (PCI-Express) (rev 01)
 
   02:00.0 Network controller: Atheros Communications Inc. AR928X Wireless Network Adapter (PCI-Express) (rev 01)
  
==Installation==
+
==Installing==
===With an external CD/DVD drive===
+
There are several possible ways to install Arch onto a MSI Wind U100. The most usual methods are booting from a USB stick/memory card, or from an external CD/DVD drive. Refer to the Beginners' Guide [[Beginners' Guide#CD installer|CD installer]] part for instructions on obtaining an ISO image and burning to a CD, or consult the [[Beginners' Guide#USB stick|USB stick]] section for indications on writing the image to a USB device.
Refer to [[Beginners_Guide#CD_installer|this]] section of the [[Beginners_Guide|Beginners' Guide]] for instructions on obtaining an iso image and burning to a CD.
+
Then, hook up the external USB drive to the notebook. You will need to hold the F11 key while booting in order to get to the boot device menu. Select the drive and install as normal.
+
  
===With a USB flash drive/memory card===
+
Regardless of choice, finish by hooking up the external device (CD drive or USB stick) to the notebook. Hold the F11 key while booting in order to get to the boot device menu, then proceed by selecting the appropriate device and install as normal.
Refer to [[Beginners_Guide#USB_stick|this section]] of the [[Beginners_Guide|Beginners' Guide]] for instructions on obtaining an iso image and writing it to a USB drive or flash memory card.
+
Then, plug in the flash drive or memory card. You will need to hold the F11 key while booting in order to get to the boot device menu. Select the drive and install as normal.
+
  
==Multimedia==
+
==CPU==
 +
===cpufreq===
 +
you should use '''acpi-cpufreq''' driver which will allow you to slow down your CPU to 800MHz (p4-clockmod driver will work too, but it's not intended to be used with governors like ondemand, it should be used just for manual underclocking usig hotkeys or ACPI events like AC-disconnection because it's too slow to react fast enough to be suitable for use with automatic scaling based on CPU usage and therefore kernel will refuse to use such governors. however you can underclock cpu down to 200MHz using this driver). Probably you will also want to use '''cpufreq-ondemand''' governor.
 +
===overclock===
 +
It is possible to overclock the MSI Wind using an upgraded BIOS. The overclock (turbo mode) can be activated with Fn+F10, however, this overclock is not reported in /proc/cpuinfo or by cpufreq-info.
  
 +
==Multimedia==
 
===Audio===
 
===Audio===
 
+
Audio is supported through ALSA with virtually no configuration. Following the [[ALSA]] article should cover all that is needed.
Audio is supported through ALSA with virtually no configuration. Following the [[Beginners_Guide#Step_1:_Configure_sound_with_alsamixer|ALSA Section]] of the [[Beginners_Guide|Beginners' Guide]] should be all that is needed.
+
  
 
===Video===
 
===Video===
Use the native Intel video driver, '''intel'''. It can be found in pacman as the package '''xf86-video-intel''', although installing Xorg should pull this in by default. Aside from that, there are no out-of-the-ordinary configuration steps, refer to [[Beginners_Guide#Step_2:_Install_X|this section]] of the [[Beginners_Guide|Beginners' Guide]] for additional setup instructions.
+
The on-board graphics uses the Intel driver. To install with [[pacman]]:
 +
# pacman -S xf86-video-intel
 +
 
 +
Aside from that, there are no out-of-the-ordinary configuration steps. Consult [[Xorg]] and [[Intel]] for more information.
  
 
===Webcam===
 
===Webcam===
The webcam should be supported through the '''uvcvideo''' module. It should be loaded by default, but if not, then do:  
+
First, do not forget to activate the webcam with the hotkey Fn+F6. If it's still not working, then try loading the module. The webcam should be supported through the {{Ic|uvcvideo}} module by default, if not:  
  modprobe uvcvideo
+
  # modprobe uvcvideo
  
To load the webcam driver automatically you may need to add uvcvideo to the MODULES array in /etc/rc.conf.
+
To load the webcam driver automatically, adding uvcvideo to the {{Ic|MODULES}} array in {{ic|/etc/[[rc.conf]]}} may be needed:
 
  MODULES=(uvcvideo)
 
  MODULES=(uvcvideo)
  
Webcam use 640x480 resolution. As a warning, recording video with higher resolutions may result in a lower framerate.
+
The webcam uses a resolution of 640x480. As a warning, recording video with higher resolutions may result in a lower framerate.
 
+
Do not forget to activate the Webcam with the hotkey Fn+F6
+
  
 
==Networking==
 
==Networking==
 
 
===Wireless===
 
===Wireless===
You will need to determine which card your Wind has -- some have an a/b/g '''Realtek 8187''', some have a b/g/n '''Ralink RT2860''', and some have a b/g/n '''Atheros AR928X''' card. To determine which card you have, run:
 
lspci
 
and check if you have a Ralink entry, or two Realtek entries. (The ethernet adaptor is Realtek, so if you have the Realtek wireless card, you will see two seperate pci entries for that company).
 
  
====Realtek cards====
+
Determine which card the particular u100 version has by running {{Ic|lspci}}. These are the possibilities:
MSI Wind U100 includes buggy Wi-Fi 802.11b/g adapter rtl8187se from Realtek. The module is ''rtl8187se''.
+
*Realtek 8187se B/G
 +
*Ralink RT2860 B/G/N
 +
*Atheros AR928X B/G/N
  
Installing the Windows drivers with ndiswrapper is recommended, since the staging driver is very unstable as of kernel 2.6.31.5-1.
+
The {{Ic|lspci}} output should mention the company name.
  
See: [[Rtl8187 wireless]]
+
====Realtek====
 +
Since kernel 2.6.29 there's a working driver included in the staging line. The module is {{Ic|rtl8187se}} and should get loaded without intervention. This network adapter is known to be buggy, so it's unlikely that this driver will show significant progress over its current state. Using [[ndiswrapper]] in place of the in-kernel module is recommended because of this situation.
  
====Ralink cards====
+
====Ralink====
This card works well, but drivers are not included by default. Download the [http://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=14557 RT2860 package tarball] from the AUR. To install, as a regular user:
+
The RT2860 now works out of the box with rt2x00pci drivers.
$ tar zxfv rt2860.tar.gz
+
cd rt2860
+
makepkg PKGBUILD
+
Follow the on-screen instructions. Then,
+
# modprobe rt2860
+
and the card should be working as expected. It will show up in iwconfig as interface '''ra0'''.
+
  
====Atheros cards====
+
====Atheros====
<small>To-do</small>
+
AR5001 (rev 02) works out of the box with ath5k or mad wifi drivers.
 +
 
 +
===BlueTooth===
 +
Some versions of MSI Wind do have internal USB bluetooth module. It should be autodetected (using modules btusb, bluetooth and rfkill). However there is bug (probably in kernel) that prevent's people from toggling bluetooth using fn+f11 if it wasn't active during boot. (toggling wifi using fn+f11 remains working) If you happen to reboot your linux with BT deactivated, you will probably need to use windows or some distribution without this bug (BackTrack 4 was reported to work) to activate it again. There is hope this will be fixed in future. (please let us know if you will find any solution for this issue)
 +
 
 +
===Touchpad===
 +
 
 +
====Sentelic====
 +
The Sentelic Finger Sensing Pad driver (version 1.0.0) is included in kernel 2.26.32 and above, however, it may be difficult to get the configuration utility (fspc) to work correctly. It is possible to configure the pad manually by adding the following lines to your /etc/rc.local
 +
# Disable tap-to-click:
 +
echo -n c>>/sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio1/flags
 +
 +
# Disable vertical tap scrolling:
 +
echo -e \0>>/sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio1/vscroll
 +
 +
# Disable horizontal tap scrolling:
 +
echo -e \0>>/sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio1/hscroll
 +
 
 +
====Synaptics====
 +
Some models of the U100 have a Synaptics touchpad installed.  The Synaptics driver can be installed as described [[Touchpad_Synaptics|here]].  Vertical and horizontal edge scrolling work, and can be enabled in the synaptics .conf file:
 +
{{hc|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/10-synaptics.conf|<nowiki>
 +
Section "InputClass"
 +
      Identifier "touchpad"
 +
      Driver "synaptics"
 +
      MatchIsTouchpad "on"
 +
              Option "TapButton1" "1"
 +
              Option "TapButton2" "2"
 +
              Option "TapButton3" "3"
 +
              Option "VertEdgeScroll" "on"
 +
              Option "HorizEdgeScroll" "on"
 +
              ...
 +
EndSection
 +
</nowiki>}}
  
 
===LAN===
 
===LAN===
The driver is included in the kernel:
+
The Ethernet adapter functions thanks to the {{Ic|r8169}} module present in kernels 2.26.31 and newer.
# modprobe r8169
+
  
 
==Memory stick reader==
 
==Memory stick reader==
The multi-card reader appears to work out of the box.
+
The multi-card reader appears to work automatically.
  
 
==Power management==
 
==Power management==
Pm-utils may work without intervention, however it may require you to add the [[Pm-utils#Resume_Hook|resume hook]] and remove the [[Pm-utils#Blank_screen_issue|autodetect hook]] before it will work correctly.
+
pm-utils usually works without issues. However, some users have reported that it may require adding the [[Pm-utils#Resume Hook|resume hook]] and removing the [[Pm-utils#Blank screen issue|autodetect hook]] before working correctly.
 
+
==External links==
+
[http://msiwind.net/ msiwind.net] -- Portal featuring information about whole Wind family. It also maintains an ([http://wiki.msiwind.net/index.php/Arch_Linux Arch Linux wiki article]) and forum for Winds users. '''Note:''' This site no longer exists.
+
  
[[Category:MSI (English)]] [[Category:HOWTOs (English)]]
+
==Resources==
 +
* [[MSI Wind U120]] - Arch Linux wiki on the MSI Wind U120
 +
* [http://www.msimobile.com/ MSI Notebook Official Website] - BIOS upgrades can be found here
 +
* [http://www.insanelywind.com/forum/ InsanelyWind] - Community website dedicated to MSI Wind netbooks, includes forums and a wiki

Revision as of 13:01, 13 June 2012

This article pertains to the MSI Wind U100 netbook/sub-notebook.

Hardware

  • CPU: Intel Atom N270 1.6Ghz
  • RAM: 1024 Mb, DDR2 667Mhz (optional)
  • HDD: WD 80Gb SATA (optional)
  • VGA: Intel 945 GMA, 64 MB DDR
  • LCD: 1024x600, 10.2" widescreen
  • WLAN: Realtek RTL8187SE , 802.11 a/b/g
  • LAN: Realtek RTL8101/02
  • CAM: 1.3 Mpix
  • BAT: LI-ON 3 cell 2200 mAh, 2 hours (optional)
  • Bluetooth, card reader, 3x USB 2.0
  • Touchpad: Synaptics or Sentelic

lspci

 00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Mobile 945GME Express Memory Controller Hub (rev 03) 
 00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation Mobile 945GME Express Integrated Graphics Controller (rev 03)
 00:02.1 Display controller: Intel Corporation Mobile 945GM/GMS/GME, 943/940GML Express Integrated Graphics Controller (rev 03)
 00:1b.0 Audio device: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) High Definition Audio Controller (rev 02)
 00:1c.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) PCI Express Port 1 (rev 02)
 00:1c.1 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) PCI Express Port 2 (rev 02)
 00:1d.0 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) USB UHCI Controller #1 (rev 02)
 00:1d.1 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) USB UHCI Controller #2 (rev 02)
 00:1d.2 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) USB UHCI Controller #3 (rev 02)
 00:1d.3 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) USB UHCI Controller #4 (rev 02)
 00:1d.7 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) USB2 EHCI Controller (rev 02)
 00:1e.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801 Mobile PCI Bridge (rev e2)
 00:1f.0 ISA bridge: Intel Corporation 82801GBM (ICH7-M) LPC Interface Bridge (rev 02)
 00:1f.2 IDE interface: Intel Corporation 82801GBM/GHM (ICH7 Family) SATA IDE Controller (rev 02)
 01:00.0 Ethernet controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8101E/RTL8102E PCI Express Fast Ethernet controller (rev 02)
 02:00.0 Network controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8187SE Wireless LAN Controller (rev 22)

Some have other wireless cards:

 02:00.0 Network controller: Atheros Communications Inc. AR928X Wireless Network Adapter (PCI-Express) (rev 01)

Installing

There are several possible ways to install Arch onto a MSI Wind U100. The most usual methods are booting from a USB stick/memory card, or from an external CD/DVD drive. Refer to the Beginners' Guide CD installer part for instructions on obtaining an ISO image and burning to a CD, or consult the USB stick section for indications on writing the image to a USB device.

Regardless of choice, finish by hooking up the external device (CD drive or USB stick) to the notebook. Hold the F11 key while booting in order to get to the boot device menu, then proceed by selecting the appropriate device and install as normal.

CPU

cpufreq

you should use acpi-cpufreq driver which will allow you to slow down your CPU to 800MHz (p4-clockmod driver will work too, but it's not intended to be used with governors like ondemand, it should be used just for manual underclocking usig hotkeys or ACPI events like AC-disconnection because it's too slow to react fast enough to be suitable for use with automatic scaling based on CPU usage and therefore kernel will refuse to use such governors. however you can underclock cpu down to 200MHz using this driver). Probably you will also want to use cpufreq-ondemand governor.

overclock

It is possible to overclock the MSI Wind using an upgraded BIOS. The overclock (turbo mode) can be activated with Fn+F10, however, this overclock is not reported in /proc/cpuinfo or by cpufreq-info.

Multimedia

Audio

Audio is supported through ALSA with virtually no configuration. Following the ALSA article should cover all that is needed.

Video

The on-board graphics uses the Intel driver. To install with pacman:

# pacman -S xf86-video-intel

Aside from that, there are no out-of-the-ordinary configuration steps. Consult Xorg and Intel for more information.

Webcam

First, do not forget to activate the webcam with the hotkey Fn+F6. If it's still not working, then try loading the module. The webcam should be supported through the uvcvideo module by default, if not:

# modprobe uvcvideo

To load the webcam driver automatically, adding uvcvideo to the MODULES array in /etc/rc.conf may be needed:

MODULES=(uvcvideo)

The webcam uses a resolution of 640x480. As a warning, recording video with higher resolutions may result in a lower framerate.

Networking

Wireless

Determine which card the particular u100 version has by running lspci. These are the possibilities:

  • Realtek 8187se B/G
  • Ralink RT2860 B/G/N
  • Atheros AR928X B/G/N

The lspci output should mention the company name.

Realtek

Since kernel 2.6.29 there's a working driver included in the staging line. The module is rtl8187se and should get loaded without intervention. This network adapter is known to be buggy, so it's unlikely that this driver will show significant progress over its current state. Using ndiswrapper in place of the in-kernel module is recommended because of this situation.

Ralink

The RT2860 now works out of the box with rt2x00pci drivers.

Atheros

AR5001 (rev 02) works out of the box with ath5k or mad wifi drivers.

BlueTooth

Some versions of MSI Wind do have internal USB bluetooth module. It should be autodetected (using modules btusb, bluetooth and rfkill). However there is bug (probably in kernel) that prevent's people from toggling bluetooth using fn+f11 if it wasn't active during boot. (toggling wifi using fn+f11 remains working) If you happen to reboot your linux with BT deactivated, you will probably need to use windows or some distribution without this bug (BackTrack 4 was reported to work) to activate it again. There is hope this will be fixed in future. (please let us know if you will find any solution for this issue)

Touchpad

Sentelic

The Sentelic Finger Sensing Pad driver (version 1.0.0) is included in kernel 2.26.32 and above, however, it may be difficult to get the configuration utility (fspc) to work correctly. It is possible to configure the pad manually by adding the following lines to your /etc/rc.local

# Disable tap-to-click:
echo -n c>>/sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio1/flags

# Disable vertical tap scrolling:
echo -e \0>>/sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio1/vscroll

# Disable horizontal tap scrolling:
echo -e \0>>/sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio1/hscroll

Synaptics

Some models of the U100 have a Synaptics touchpad installed. The Synaptics driver can be installed as described here. Vertical and horizontal edge scrolling work, and can be enabled in the synaptics .conf file:

/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/10-synaptics.conf
 Section "InputClass"
       Identifier "touchpad"
       Driver "synaptics"
       MatchIsTouchpad "on"
              Option "TapButton1" "1"
              Option "TapButton2" "2"
              Option "TapButton3" "3"
              Option "VertEdgeScroll" "on"
              Option "HorizEdgeScroll" "on"
              ...
 EndSection

LAN

The Ethernet adapter functions thanks to the r8169 module present in kernels 2.26.31 and newer.

Memory stick reader

The multi-card reader appears to work automatically.

Power management

pm-utils usually works without issues. However, some users have reported that it may require adding the resume hook and removing the autodetect hook before working correctly.

Resources