MacBook

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Summary help replacing me
Details the installation and configuration of Arch Linux on Apple's MacBook and MacBook Pro lines of notebooks.
Related
Official Arch Linux Install Guide
Beginners Guide
General Recommendations
MacBook
MacBook Pro 7,1
MacBook Pro 8,1 / 8,2 / 8,3 (2011)
MacBook Pro 9,2 (Mid-2012)

Installing Arch Linux on a MacBook (Pro) is quite similar to installing it on any other computer. However, due to the specific hardware configuration on a MacBook, there are a few deviations and special considerations which warrant a separate guide. For more background information, please see the Installation Guide, Beginners' Guide. This guide contains installation-instructions that can be used on any Apple computer whose hardware is supported by the Linux kernel. If you have a Macbook5,2 (Polycarbonate, Non-Unibody) and are having additional issues, please see Macbook5,2 for additional help.

Overview

Specifically, the procedure for installing Arch Linux on a MacBook is:

  1. Install OS X: Regardless of the desired end-configuration, it helps to start from a clean install of OS X.
  2. Firmware update: This should help reduce errors and provide newer features for the hardware.
  3. Partition: This step either resizes or deletes the OS X partition and creates partitions for Arch Linux.
  4. Install Arch Linux: The actual installation procedure.
  5. Post-install configuration: MacBook specific configuration.
Tip: rEFIt is a popular bootloader for EFI-firmware computers (including Macs). It can be installed at any time during the installation. For instructions, please see #rEFIt.

Installation of Mac OS X and firmware update

Apple has excellent instructions for installing OS X. Follow their instructions. Once OS X is installed, go to Apple Menu > Software Update and update all software. Once this has run, you will need to reboot your computer. Do this, and then run Software Update again to check to make sure that all updates have been installed.

If you are not going to have OS X installed, make backups of these files:

/System/Library/Extensions/IOUSBFamily.kext/Contents/PlugIns/AppleUSBVideoSupport.kext/Contents/MacOS/AppleUSBVideoSupport

You will need this file later for iSight functionality.

/Library/ColorSync/Profiles/Displays/<FILES HERE>

You will need the file(s) here for adjusting the color profile.

Partitions

The next step in the installation is to re-partition the hard drive. If OS X was installed using the typical procedure, then your drive should have a GPT format and the following partitions:

  • EFI: a 200 MB partition at the beginning of the disk.It is often read as msdos or FAT by some partitioning tools and usually labeled #1.
  • Mac OS X: the (HFS+) partition that should take up all of the remaining disk space. Usually labeled #2.
  • Recovery: A recovery partition (only for Mac OS X 10.7+).

How to partition depends on how many operating systems you want install. The following options will be explained:

If you do not know which option to pick, we recommend the dual boot so you can still return to OS X whenever you want.

Arch Linux only

This situation is the easiest to deal with. Mostly, partitioning is the same as any other hardware that Arch Linux can be installed on. The only special consideration is the MacBook firmware boot sound. To ensure that this sound is off: mute the volume in OS X before continuing further. The MacBook firmware relies on the value in OS X, if available. Note that if you choose to get rid of the OS X partition, there is no easy way to update your machines firmware unless you use an external drive to boot OS X. You can boot in EFI mode (recommended) or bios-compatibility mode, if in doubt choose EFI.

To install using EFI, follow the instruction to make a EFI bootable media. Once done double check that your USB key actually boots in EFI mode checking the EFI kernel variables. You will need to format the EFI partition with the hfsplus filesystem (hfsprogsAUR) instead vfat otherwise mactel-bootAUR will fail, and in Macbooks you cannot use efibootmgr.

EFI

  • This requires GRUB to work
  • Boot installation medium and switch to a free tty.
  • Run cgdisk (gptfdisk package).
  • Create the necessary partitions.
Note:
  • The swap partition is optional, on machines with a RAM of size 4GB or more, good performance can be expected without a swap partition. Also, a swap file can be created later, see Swap file.
  • For more information on partitioning, see Partitioning hard disks: General information.

Simple example (no LVM, crypto):

partition  mountpoint  size    type  label
/dev/sda1  /boot/efi   200MiB  vfat  EFI
/dev/sda2  /boot       100MiB  ext2  boot
/dev/sda3  -           adjust  swap  swap
/dev/sda4  /           10GiB   ext4  root
/dev/sda5  /home       remain. ext4  home

BIOS-compatibility

  • Boot installation medium and switch to a free tty.
  • Run parted. The simplest way is to change the partition table to msdos and then partition as normal. GRUB is compatible with GPT.
  • Create the necessary partitions.

Mac OS X with Arch Linux

The easiest way to partition your hard drive, so that OS X and Arch Linux will co-exist, is to use partitioning tools in OS X and then finish with Arch Linux tools.

Warning: It is highly recommended that this only be attempted after a clean install of OS X. Using these methods on a pre-existing system may have undesired results.
Note: If you have any problems, try using gparted (i.e. instead of using Disk Utility and/or cgdisk). It is capable of shrinking the OS X partition and creating Linux partitions ready for installation.

Procedure:

  • In OS X, run Disk Utility.app (located in /Applications/Utilities)
  • Select the drive to be partitioned in the left-hand column (not the partitions!). Click on the partition tab on the right.
  • Select the volume to be resized in the Volume scheme.
  • Decide how much space you wish to have for your OS X partition, and how much for Arch Linux. Remember that a typical installation of OS X requires around 15-20 GiB, depending on the number of software applications and files.
  • Finally, type the new (smaller) size for the OS X partition in the size box and click Apply. This will create a new partition out of the empty space. You will delete this partition later.
Note: if you wish to have a shared partition between OS X and Arch Linux, then additional steps will need to happen here. Please see #Shared Partition.
  • If the above completed successfully, then you can continue. If not, then you may need to fix your partitions from within OS X first.
  • Boot the Arch install CD by holding down the alt key during Boot. Follow one of the procedures below according to your choice of boot-method.

EFI

  • Run cgdisk
  • Delete the partition you made in Disk Utility.app and create the necessary partitions for Arch Linux. OS X likes to see a 128 MiB gap after partitions, so when you create the first partition after the last Mac OS X-partition, type in +128M when cgdisk asks for the first sector for the partition. A simple example (no LVM, crypto):
Note:
  • The swap partition is optional, on machines with a RAM of size 4GB or more, good performance can be expected without a swap partition. Also, a swap file can be created later, see Swap#Swap file.
  • If you want to be able to boot GRUB from the Apple boot loader, you can create a small hfs+ partition (for convenience, use OS X to format it in Disk Utility.app afterwards). Follow the GRUB EFI install procedure, and mount your /boot/efi directory to the hfs+ partition you created. Finally, finish up again in OS X by blessing the partition. This will set GRUB as the default boot option (holding alt at startup goes to the mac boot options screen still. See http://mjg59.dreamwidth.org/7468.html)
  • For more information on partitioning, see Partitioning.
  • OS X's EFI partition can be shared with archlinux, making the creation of an additional EFI partition dedicated to arch completely optional
partition  mountpoint  size       type  label
/dev/sda1  /boot/efi   200MiB     vfat  EFI
/dev/sda2  -           ?          hfs+  Mac OS X
/dev/sda3  -           ?          hfs+  Recovery
/dev/sda4  -           100MiB     hfs+  Boot Arch Linux from the Apple boot loader (optional)
/dev/sda5  /boot       100MiB     boot  boot
/dev/sda6  -           ?          swap  swap (optional)
/dev/sda7  /           10GiB      ext4  root
/dev/sda8  /home       remaining  ext4  home

BIOS-compatibility

  • Run parted as root.
  • Delete the empty space partition and partition the space as you would for any other installation. Note that MBR is limited to 4 primary partitions (including the efi partition). That leaves 2 primary partitions for arch. One strategy is to have a system and home partition, and use a swap file (I have not tried to use logical partitions). Another is to dedicate one partition to a shared partition (see below).
  • Next, create new filesystems on those partitions which need them, especially the partition which will contain /boot. If you're not sure how to do this using mkfs.ext2 (or whatever), run /arch/setup and work through until you get to Prepare Hard Drive and use the "Manually configure block devices..." option, then exit the installer. This is necessary so that rEFIt will set the right partition type in the MBR in the next step (without an existing filesystem, it seems to ignore the partition type set by parted), without which GRUB will refuse to install to the right partition.
  • At this point you should reboot your computer and have rEFIt fix the partition tables on your hard drive. (If you do not do this, you may have to reinstall GRUB later on in order to have your Mac recognize the Linux partition.) When you are into the rEFIt menu, select update partition table, then press Y. Reboot.

Mac OS X, Windows XP, and Arch Linux triple boot

This may not work for everyone but it has been successfully tested on a Macbook from late 2009.

The easiest way to partition your hard drive, so that all these operating systems can co-exist, is to use disk utility in Mac OS X, use the formatter on windows XP install CP, and then finish with Arch Linux tools.

Warning: It is highly recommended that this only be attempted after a clean install of Mac OS X. Using these methods on a pre-existing system may have undesired results. At least back your stuff up with timemachine or clonezilla before you begin.

Procedure:

  • In Mac OS X, run Disk Utility (located in /Applications/Utilities).
  • Select the drive to be partitioned in the left-hand column (not the partitions!). Click on the partition tab on the right.
  • Select the volume to be resized in the volume scheme.
  • Decide how much space you wish to have for your Mac OS X partition, how much fo XP, and how much for Arch Linux. Remember that a typical installation of Mac OS X requires around 15-20 GiB, and XP about the same, depending on the number of software applications and files. Something like OSX 200Gb, XP 25Gb, Arch 25Gb should be fine.
  • Put your decisions into action by pressing the + button and adding the new partitions, Label them as you like and make sure that your XP partition is the last one on the disk and is formatted for FAT32. It is probably best to have Arch formatted in HFS format as to not confuse you later, it will be reformatted anyway.

So in linux terms your partitions will be something like:

  • sda (disk)
  • sda1 (Mac boot partition - you cannot see this one in OSX)
  • sda2 (OSX install in HFS+)
  • sda3 (Arch install temporarly in HFS)
  • sda4 (XP install in FAT32)
  • Finally, click apply. This will create a new partition out of the empty space.
Note: Using this method you may not be able to have a shared partition between Mac OS X and Arch Linux, this is because the mac will only allow for 4 active partitions. You will however be able to mount a HFS partition in Arch for one workaround. There are other workarounds possible also.
  • If the above completed successfully, you can continue. If not, then you may need to fix your partitions from within Mac OS X first.
  • You will not be needing boot camp this way, the program rEFIt is much more flexible (though not as flexible as GRUB). Download and install rEFIt [[1]]
  • Go into a terminal in OS X and perform the following, this will enable the rEFIt boot manager.
cd /efi/refit
./enable.sh
  • Reboot to check the rEFIt is working, it should appear on boot. When it comes up go to the rEFIt partition manager and agree to the changes.
  • Put your XP install CD and boot it with rEFIt - You may have to reboot a few times until it is recognized by the boot loader. Install XP and once it is installed use the OSX install CD to get your drivers running nicely in XP.
    • Note: when installing XP make sure you select your XP partition and format it again inside the XP installer. If you do not reformat it will not work.
  • Boot the Arch install CD, log in as root and run # /arch/setup.
  • Follow the install as normal but note that you will have to tell that arch installer to mount sda3 as the root partition and format it as ext3, there will not be a /boot or swap partition so ignore those warnings.
  • At this point, if you are dual booting, you should reboot your computer and have rEFIt fix the partition tables on your hard drive. (If you do not do this, you may have to reinstall GRUB later on in order to have your Mac recognize the Linux partition.) When you are into the rEFIt menu, select update partition table, then press Y.
# reboot

Booting directly from GRUB

It is possible to boot directly from GRUB in EFI mode without using rEFIt. These instructions are known to work on a Macbook 7,1. It is advisable to host GRUB on either a FAT32 or HFS+ partition, but ext2 or ext3 may also work. GRUB's appleloader command does not currently work with the 7,1, but support can be added with the patch available here.

After the GRUB install is in the desired location, the firmware needs to be instructed to boot from that location. This can be done from either an existing OS X install or an OS X install disk. The following command assumes that the GRUB install is in /efi/grub on an existing OS X partition:

 # bless --folder /efi/grub --file /efi/grub/grub.efi

Compilation

Some models may need EFI_ARCH set to i386.

 bzr branch --revision -2 bzr://bzr.savannah.gnu.org/grub/trunk/grub grub
 cd grub
 ./autogen.sh
 patch -p1 < appleloader_macbook_7_1.patch
 export EFI_ARCH=x86_64
 ./configure --with-platform=efi --target=${EFI_ARCH} --program-prefix=""
 make
 cd grub-core
 ../grub-mkimage -O ${EFI_ARCH}-efi -d . -o grub.efi -p "" part_gpt part_msdos ntfs ntfscomp hfsplus fat ext2 normal chain boot configfile linux multiboot
 cp grub.efi *.mod *.lst yourinstalllocation

Example grub.cfg

Tango-view-refresh-red.pngThis article or section is out of date.Tango-view-refresh-red.png

Reason: kernel26 (Discuss in Talk:MacBook#)

Note that there may be a better method for loading Windows.

set debug=video
insmod efi_gop

menuentry "Arch Linux EFI" {
  set root=(hd0,3)
  #search --set -f /boot/vmlinuz26-efi-physical
  #loadbios /boot/vbtrace_bios.bin /boot/int10.bin
  linux /boot/vmlinuz26-efi-physical root=/dev/sda3 reboot=pci resume=/dev/sda3 resume_offset=151552
  initrd /boot/kernel26-efi-physical.img
}

menuentry "MacOSX" {
  set root=(hd0,2)
  # Search the root device for Mac OS X's loader.
  #search --set -f /usr/standalone/i386/boot.efi
  # Load the loader.
  chainloader /usr/standalone/i386/boot.efi
}

menuentry "Windows 7" {
  appleloader HD
}

menuentry "Boot from CD" {
  appleloader CD
}

menuentry "Boot from USB" {
  appleloader USB
}

Installation

Note: This section is only required if you want to have Mac OS X installed along with Arch Linux. If not, follow the steps in the official install guide, then skip to #Post-Install Configuration.
  • Boot from the Arch Linux install CD or the latest Archboot iso (unofficial) depending on your needs.
Note:
  • On MacBook Pro 7,1, I had an error booting the installation media Version 2012.12.01: "unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 0000000000000010" during pacpi_set_dmamode. To fix this problem, boot with the option: acpi=off. After chrooting, add MODULES="ata_generic" into /etc/mkinitcpio.conf and execute mkinitcpio -p linux, see: Installation Guide, 9 Configure the system.
  • Some MacBook users report strange keyboard output such as long delays and character doubling. To fix this problem, boot with the following options: arch noapic irqpoll acpi=force
  • Log in as root
Note: If you want to do a netinstall rather than installing the possibly outdated packages on the iso and depend on a wireless network that is encrypted, you should change to a free tty and connect manually before proceeding, see Beginners_Guide
  • Proceed through the installation as described in the Official Arch Linux Install Guide except in the following areas:
    • In the prepare hard drive stage, do only the set filesystem mountpoints step, taking care to assign the correct partitions. Partitions have already been created if you followed #Partition
    • (for booting with EFI) After the install boot loader stage, exit the installer and install GRUB.
    • (for booting with BIOS-compatibility) In the install boot loader stage, edit the menu.lst file and add reboot=pci to the end of the kernel lines, for example:
      kernel /vmlinuz26 root=/dev/sda5 ro reboot=pci
      This will allow your MacBook to reboot correctly from Arch.
    • (for booting with BIOS-compatibility) Also in the install boot loader stage, install GRUB on whatever partition that /boot is on.
      Warning: Do not install GRUB onto /dev/sda !!! Doing so is likely to lead to an unstable post-environment.
    • In the configure system stage, edit /etc/mkinitcpio.conf and add the usbinput hook to the HOOKS line somewhere after the autodetect hook. This will load the drivers for your keyboard in case you need to use it before Arch boots (e.g. entering a LUKS password or using the troubleshooting shell).
  • When the install process is complete, reboot your computer.
  • If using optical media, hold down the eject key as your MacBook starts, this should eject the Arch Linux install disk.
  • If dual-booting Mac OS X and Arch Linux, hold down the alt (option) key while the system boots to use the Mac bootloader to select which OS to boot.

Additional steps for Arch Linux only install

Note: Do this after you tested that your setup is working. This procedure has been tested on a MacBook 4,1 with an msdos partition table. It may not work on newer versions. Please update if it works for you.
  • In order for Linux to boot up straight away, you will have to tell the firmware that your /boot partition is bootable, or you will always have to hold down the option (alt) key whenever you want to start up your computer.
  • In order to do this you will need the original Mac OS X install disk
  • Boot into it (you may need to hold the option (alt) key during boot again to access it)
    • Open Terminal.app (found under the Utilities menu in the menu bar), and type:
# diskutil list
    • Find the device name of your /boot partition (this is your root (/) partition, if you don't have it separate). The format should be /dev/disk0sX, where X is a number from 1 to infinity
    • If using EFI type (replace X with the appropriate number):
# bless --folder=/Volumes/efi --file=/Volumes/efi/efi/arch/grubx64.efi --setBoot
# bless --mount=/Volumes/efi --file=/Volumes/efi/efi/arch/grubx64.efi --setBoot
    • If using BIOS-compatibility type (replace X with the appropriate number):
# bless --device /dev/disk0sX --setBoot --legacy --verbose
  • Remove the installation disk and restart your computer
  • After a few seconds of grey screen, your boot loader screen should appear automatically.

Post-install configuration

Xorg

Install and configure Xorg by following the Xorg article.

Video

Different MacBook models have different graphic cards.

To see which graphics card you have type:

$ lspci | grep VGA
  • If it returns a string containing intel you only need the xf86-video-intel driver.
  • If it returns nVidia, read NVIDIA.
  • Otherwise if it returns ATI or AMD, read ATI.
NVIDIA note
Tip: MBP 6.2 - With the proprietary NVIDIA drivers, support for PureVideo HD is available for hardware video decoding.

For MacBooks with NVIDIA graphics, for the backlight to work properly you may need the nvidia-blAUR package found in the AUR.

Tip:
  • If backlight control doesn't work after installing nvidia-bl, you should blacklist apple_bl kernel module.
  • Alternatively, you can choose to use the pommed-lightAUR package. If you do so, you may wish to change the step settings in /etc/pommed.conf.mactel to something around 5000-10000 depending on how many levels of brightness you desire. The max brightness is around 80000, so take that into account.
Macbook 6.2+ - EFI

As of 4/30/2011, the proprietary nvidia driver is not known to work under X with this model in efi mode. The nouveau driver should work out of the box, but dri should be installed from the mesa-git package.

MacbookPro 5.5, NVIDIA and secondary display

As of January 1 2011, the latest NVIDIA drivers (290.10) might not work properly when a secondary display is used (tested with TwinView), NVIDIA's current long-live supported 275xx drivers seem to work fine. Install nvidia-275xxAUR and nvidia-utils-275xxAUR, and possibly lib32-nvidia-utils-275xxAUR if you are on x86_64 system and want 32-bits support.

MacbookPro 5.5 has an NVIDIA 9400m graphics card. This problem might apply to other devices as well.

Touchpad

The touchpad should have basic functionality by default. A true multitouch driver which behaves very similarly to native OSX can be installed from the AUR: xf86-input-multitouch-gitAUR. It supports 1, 2 and 3 finger gestures, including differentiation between horizontal and vertical 3 finger swipe. Additional details are available at the driver's project page.

xf86-input-multitouch-git does not support any sort of configuration without editing the driver's source. Some users are also experiencing issues with false clicks from palm touches. There is now a much more configurable fork available as xf86-input-mtrack-gitAUR. Configuration options are documented in the readme.

The following mtrack options work well on a Macbook 7,1:

 Option "Thumbsize" "50"
 Option "ScrollDistance" "100"

Probably you need also to add:

 MatchDevicePath "/dev/input/event10"

Natural scrolling: To configure natural two finger scrolling similar to Mac OSX, refer to Touchpad_Synaptics#Natural_Scrolling. If you are using GNOME, it will override these settings - in this case refer to GNOME#Natural_scrolling_touchpad.

Special Note About Older Macbook Models (confirmed on MacBook 2,1): On older Macbook models (pre-multitouch), the touchpad will not function properly until you install the xf86-input-synaptics package. Please see Touchpad Synaptics for more information on installing and configuring this package.

Note on Macbook Pro(5,5): I found it is much simpler to use the xf86-input-synaptics[2] in Extra. Although it does not have much function as 3 finger swipe, this driver provides faster response. Gsynaptics[3] also provides a simple GUI config. Below is a Xorg config file /etc/X11/xorgconfig.d/60-synaptics.conf for reference only.

 Section "InputClass"
       Identifier "touchpad catchall"
       Driver "synaptics"
       MatchIsTouchpad "on"
       MatchDevicePath "/dev/input/event*"
       Option "SHMConfig" "on"
       Option "TapButton1" "1"
       Option "TapButton2" "3"
       Option "TapButton3" "2"
       Option "PalmDetect" "on"
       Option "VertEdgeScroll" "off"
       Option "HorizEdgeScroll" "off"
       Option "CornerCoasting" "off"
       Option "EdgeMotionUseAlways" "off"
       Option "AreaLeftEdge" "10"
       Option "AreaRightEdge" "1270"
 EndSection

Keyboard

MacBook keyboard works by default. For swaping fn keys with Fx keys see Apple Keyboard.

To enable it you can map with right application like xbindkeys or through DE preferences; but another very good way, that we recommend, is to install pommedAUR from the AUR.

Edit the /etc/pommed.conf according to your hardware on MacBook, building
it from /etc/pommed.conf.mac or /etc/pommed.conf.ppc example files.

Note that you can also run it without a configuration file, the defaults may work for you. Then enable pommed Systemd service and reboot.

Tip: if you are using Gnome or KDE you can easily configure 3rd level functionality, multimedia key, etc. in Keyboard Preferences.
Note: See the Xorg input hotplugging page for other configuration information.

The keyboard backlight is controlled by /sys/class/leds/smc::kbd_backlight. Write the desired value to brightness in that directory.

NVIDIA note

If the brightness does not function correctly through pommed, make sure you have installed the nvidia-blAUR package and insert

find . -name "*" -exec sed -i 's/mbp_backlight/nvidia_backlight/' '{}' \;

into the second line of the pommed PKGBUILD build() function and remake the package. From this forum post.

Another possible solution is to modify the pommed PKGBUILD build():

find . -name "*" -exec sed -i 's/nvidia_backlight/apple_backlight/' '{}' \;

If the previous does not work try the following,

run nvidia-settings, edit the file '/etc/X11/xorg.conf' and add this line into the Device section:

Option "RegistryDwords" "EnableBrightnessControl=1"

Save and reboot and check backlight buttons work. More information available at ubuntu macbook pro 5,5

Wi-Fi

Different MacBook models have different wireless cards.

You can easily check what card do your MacBook have by:

# lspci | grep Network
  • If you have an Atheros card, all should work out-of-the-box.
  • 5.0 and 6.0 generation MacBooks may have a BCM43xx, follow the instructions for the broadcom-wl driver on the Broadcom wireless page. The interfaces can swap during reboot so its best to define them in a udev rule (instructions on the Broadcom wireless page).
  • 8.1 generation MacBooks have BCM4331, for which support is not present in either Linux (3.0 and 3.1) or the proprietary drivers by Broadcom. There is however preliminary support for it in Linux 3.2. To run the drivers on earlier kernels, you will need to use compat-wireless
Note: If your connection frequently drops, you may have to turn off Wi-Fi power management. If you are running pm-utils, you may override wireless power management by creating an executable file /etc/pm/wireless with the lines:
#!/bin/sh
iwconfig wlp2s0 power off

Power management

Laptop-mode-tools

Because the MacBook is obviously a laptop, you may wish to control its power management features using something like Laptop Mode Tools.

However, Laptop Mode Tools is known to disable the keyboard in console mode after being idle for a few seconds (does not happen when using X). If this happens to you set

CONTROL_USB_AUTOSUSPEND=0

in /etc/laptop-mode/conf.d/usb-autosuspend.conf. See this forum thread for the original workaround.

Suspend to RAM (kernel suspend)

Suspend (the kernel suspend) should work out of the box (I had a problem in which the machine would "suspend immediately after resume" in certain conditions when suspending by closing the lid. This was solved by de-selecting the option "event_when_closed_battery" in gconf-editor → gnome-power-manager → actions).

For a macbook2,1 (bought in 2007) s2ram works using

s2ram -f -a 3 

To make it work with kde4 you have to create a file named "config" into /etc/pm/config.d containing

SLEEP_MODULE="uswsusp"
S2RAM_OPTS="-f -a 3"

For a MacBook Pro 3,1 (bought in 2008), the following command should work, both in X and in a console:

s2ram -f -a 1

Note: If you use pm-utils suspending lead (at least for me) disk freeze. Try changing /etc/pm/config.d/module to

SLEEP_MODULE=tuxonice

For a macbook5.5, s2ram may work using (be sure to run it in X)

s2ram -f -p -m

Suspend to disk (hibernate)

Merge-arrows-2.pngThis article or section is a candidate for merging with Swap#Swap file.Merge-arrows-2.png

Notes: These part is duplication of Swap file section in Swap. Should check and merge it to Swap. (Discuss in Talk:MacBook#)

Hibernate should work if you have a swap partition. If you opted for a swap file because of the MBR limitation to 4 primary partitions, you can still get hibernate functionality by following these instructions (this is mostly taken from http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1042946):

  • Create a swapfile (here 2G = bs*count):
# dd if=/dev/zero of=/swapfile bs=1024 count=2M

It is recommended, but not necessary, to create the swapfile on a newly created partition, so that fragmentation is minimum.

# chmod 600 swapfile 
# mkswap swapfile 
mkswap: swapfile: warning: don't erase bootbits sectors
        on whole disk. Use -f to force.
Setting up swapspace version 1, size = 2097148 KiB
no label, UUID=6bf46166-4f9e-433a-aac1-91cb3f5cf8ba
# 
Note that we will not use this UUID later.
  • Add the swapfile in /etc/fstab:
/swapfile   none   swap   sw   0   0
  • Determine the UUID of partition on which the swapfile is (/usr/bin/blkid is provided by util-linux-ng)
# blkid -g
# blkid
/dev/sda4: UUID="388014d3-1d18-4ca0-980e-ef2f9fdebde4" TYPE="ext3" 

388014d3-1d18-4ca0-980e-ef2f9fdebde4 is the number we are looking for.

  • Determine the physical offset of the swapfile:
# filefrag -v /swapfile | head
Filesystem type is: ef53
Filesystem cylinder groups is approximately 132
File size of /swapfile is 2147483648 (524288 blocks, blocksize 4096)
 ext logical physical expected length flags
   0       0    24576              12 merged
   1      12    24589    24587   1024 merged
   2    1036    25615    25612   1024 merged
   3    2060    26640    26638   1024 merged
   4    3084    27665    27663   1024 merged
   5    4108    28690    28688   1024 merged
$ 

Here, 24576 is the number we want.

  • Edit /boot/grub/grub.cfg and add:
resume=/dev/disk/by-uuid/388014d3-1d18-4ca0-980e-ef2f9fdebde4 resume_offset=24576

to your kernel stanza options (or use the kopt method as in the post). Note that the "resume=UUID=" actually did not work for me. I had to use the /dev/disk/by-uuid syntax.

Note: "ro" has to be at the end of the line, like this:

kernel /boot/vmlinuz-linux root=/dev/sda4 resume=/dev/sda4 resume_offset=24576 ro
  • Nothing to do with update-grub nor mkinitcpio.
  • Reboot once
  • Try to hibernate

Light sensor

If you want to use the built in light sensor to automatically adjust screen and keyboard backlight brightness check out Lighter [4] (simple perl script, easy to fine-tune) and Lightum [5] (Requires Gnome or KDE but is older and more complete than Lighter).

Sound

Tip: MBP 5.5: since kernel 2.6.32 this works out of the box - just unmute the front speakers and store the sound level

First of all follow ALSA wiki page, then if something does not work correctly, continue reading this part.

Edit your /etc/modprobe.d/50-sound.conf or /etc/modprobe.d/modprobe.conf appending this line:

options snd_hda_intel model=intel-mac-auto

This should automatically specify the codec in your MacBook. Alternatively, for MacBookPro5,X, you can use:

options snd_hda_intel model=mb5

(note that the jack output is controlled with "HP").

If you have an iMac8,1, you should instead use

options snd-hda-intel model=mbp3 position_fix=2

You can try to specify other options, that depend on your hardware. All other possible settings are listed in Kernel Documentation, avaible online:

Then, reboot.

Bluetooth

Note: Bluetooth should work out-of-the box. The hid2hci utility is used by default since bluez 4.91

See the article on Bluetooth to install and configure all software needed.

iSight

Note: Linux kernel from 2.6.26 includes the Linux UVC driver natively. MBP 6.2+ (Kernel ~2.6.37+) iSight works out of the box without the need to use firmware from OS X.

You can use many applications to test the camera:

  • MPlayer
# mplayer tv:// -tv driver=v4l2:width=320:height=240:device=/dev/video0 -fps 30
  • Cheese
  • Skype
  • Ekiga

A simple solution to take snapshots is:

# mplayer tv:// -vf screenshot

and the pressing the s key to take a snapshot. Files are of the format shot\d\d\d\d.png and are reported in the standard output.

Temperature Sensors

For reading temperature just install and configure lm_sensors. See Lm sensors page.

Color Profile

We can use color profiles from Mac OS.

First, install xcalibAUR from the AUR.

Second copy pre-saved color profiles placed in /Library/ColorSync/Profiles/Displays/ on Mac OS partition to ~/colorprofiles/ for example.

There are color profile files agree with in MacBook models; select the right one:

  • Color LCD-4271800.icc for MacBook Pro with CoreDuo CPU
  • Color LCD-4271880.icc for MacBook with Core2Duo
  • Color LCD-4271780.icc for MacBook (not Pro) based on CoreDuo or Core2Duo.
Tip: Also Mac OS allows to save current color profile from Displays > Color section of the Mac OS System Preferences, in this case file is saved to /Users/<username>/Library/ColorSync/Profiles.

Finally you can activate it by running

# xcalib ~/colorprofile.icc
Note: Previous command set the color profile only for the current session; this mean that you must run it every time you login in your system. For automating it you can execute the command by Autostart Application, concording with your DE (or add the command to your login manager's initialization script, e.g. /etc/gdm/Init/Default).

Apple Remote

First, to correctly install and configure the lirc software that control IR see Lirc wiki.

Then make LIRC use /dev/usb/hiddev0 (or /dev/hiddev0) by editing /etc/conf.d/lircd. Here is how mine look:

#
# Parameters for lirc daemon
#
LIRC_DEVICE="/dev/usb/hiddev0"
LIRC_DRIVER="macmini"
LIRC_EXTRAOPTS=""
LIRC_CONFIGFILE="/etc/lirc/lircd.conf"

Use irrecord (available when installing lirc) to create a configuration file matching your remote control signals (alternatively, you can try to use the lircd.conf below):

# irrecord -d /dev/usb/hiddev0 -H macmini output_conf_file

Start lircd and use irw to check if it works.

Example of an /etc/lirc/lircd.conf:

begin remote

  name  lircd.conf.macbook
  bits            8
  eps            30
  aeps          100

  one             0     0
  zero            0     0
  pre_data_bits   24
  pre_data       0x87EEFD
  gap          211994
  toggle_bit_mask 0x87EEFD01

      begin codes
          Repeat                   0x01
          Menu                     0x03
          Play                     0x05
          Prev                     0x09
          Next                     0x06
          Up                       0x0A
          Down                     0x0C
      end codes

end remote

HFS partition sharing

First, we need hfsprogsAUR package from AUR.

we have to list our partitions. Use

fdisk -l /dev/sda

example output:

# fdisk -l /dev/sda
    Device  Boot     Start         End      Blocks   Id  Type
 /dev/sda1               1          26      204819   ee  GPT
 /dev/sda2              26       13602   109051903+  af  Unknown
 /dev/sda3   *       13602       14478     7031250   83  Linux
 /dev/sda4           14478       14594      932832+  82  Linux swap / Solaris

As we see, the "Unknown" partition is our OS X partition, which is located in /dev/sda2.

Create a "mac" folder in /media:

# mkdir /media/mac

Add at the end of /etc/fstab this line:

/dev/sda2    /media/mac     hfsplus auto,user,rw,exec   0 0

Mount it :

mount /media/mac

and check it:

ls /media/mac

HFS+ Partitions

HFS+ partitions, now the default in Mac OS X, are not fully supported by Linux and are mounted as read-only by default. In order to write to an HFS+ partition, it is necessary to disable journaling. This can be accomplished using Mac OS X Disk Utility. Refer to this Apple support page for more information.

Home Sharing

UID Synchronization

In OS X

Note: It is strongly recommended that UID/GID manipulation be done immediately after a new user account is created, in OS X as well as in Arch Linux. If you installed OS X from scratch, then this operation is guaranteed to work after logging into your account for the first time.
Step 1: change UID and GID(s)

Pre-Leopard

  1. Open NetInfo Manager located in the /Applications/Utilities folder.
  1. If not done for you already, enable access to user account transactions by clicking on the closed lock at the bottom of the window, and entering your account password, or root password if you have created a root account.
  1. Navigate to /users/<new user name> where <new user name> is the name of the account that will have read/write access to the folder that will be shared with the primary user in Arch.
  1. Change the UID value to 1000 (the value used by default for first user created in Arch).
  1. Also change the GID value to 1000 (the value used by default for user account creation in Arch).
  1. Navigate to /groups/<new user name>, automatically saving the changes you have made so far.
Note: If you get an error message that the transaction is not allowed, log out and log back in.

Leopard

In Leopard, the NetInfo Manager application is not present. A different set of steps is required for UID synchronization:

  1. Open System Preferences.
  1. Click on Accounts.
  1. Unlock the pane if not already done so.
  1. Right-click on the desired user and select Advanced Options.
  1. Write down the value of the User ID field, you will need it later on. Change both the UID and GID to match the UID and GID of the account wished to be shared with in Arch (1000 by default for the first user created in Arch).
Step 2: change "Home" permissions
  1. Open up Terminal in the /Applications/Utilities folder.
  1. Enter the following command to reclaim the permission settings of your home folder, replacing <your user name>, <your user group> and <your old UID> with the user name whose UID and GID values you just changed, the group name whose GID value you just changed and the old UID number, respectively.
# find /User/<your user name> -user <your old UID> -exec chown <your user name>:<your user group> {} \;

In Arch

To synchronize your UID in Arch Linux, you are advised to perform this operation while creating a new user account. It is therefore recommended that you do this as soon as you install Arch Linux.

Now you must substitute Arch's home with Mac OS's home, by modify entries of /etc/fstab.

Avoid long EFI wait before booting

If your Macbook spends 30 seconds with "white screen" before booting you need to tell the firmware where is the booting partition.

Boot Mac OS X, if do not have it installed, you can use the install DVD (select language, then click Utilities->Terminal), or another MacBook with Mac OS X (connect the two computers via firewire or thunderbolt, start the other Macbook keeping pressed T, boot your MacBook keeping pressed Options).

Either way, once you got a Mac OS X terminal running on your MacBook you need to execute, as root, a different command if the boot partition is EFI or it is not:

# bless --device /dev/disk0s1 --setBoot            # if the booting partition is EFI

or

# bless --device /dev/disk0s1 --setBoot --legacy   # if the booting partition is not EFI

(given that if your GRUB or EFI is on sda1, /dev/disk1s2 if it is on sdb2, etc). See also https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=833215 and https://support.apple.com/kb/HT1533 .

Mute startup chime

If you forgot to mute before installing, you can still mute again if you have a Mac OS X install disk. Boot from it, select language, then click Utilities > Terminal, and enter

# /usr/bin/nvram SystemAudioVolume=%01

(or whatever volume you want).

rEFIt

Note:
  • You probably want to have a look at refind, which is some type of successor of rEFIt.
  • This is not a requirement. It only gives you a menu to choose between OS X and Arch Linux upon every boot.

For more see, refit myths.

In OS X, download the ".dmg" from Refit Homepage and install it.

Note: If you have already partitioned your hard disk in preparation for the Arch installation, rEFIt may not be enabled by default. You will have to run the "enable.sh" script installed in /efi/refit/.

Open up Terminal and enter:

cd /efi/refit;
./enable.sh

Problems with rEFIt

If you experience problems after the install of Arch or rEFIt, especially is the right OS is not showing up to boot to or if it dumps you at a GRUB prompt stuck like the following:

GRUB>_

Then have a look at this link:

http://mac.linux.be/content/problems-refit-and-grub-after-installation

It can give you a basic idea on how to boot off the Arch live cd, mount the problem Arch install, chroot, use gptsync, and reinstall GRUB. This is probably for more advanced users who can translate the commands from a debian system to an Arch system and also apply it to the partitions on their machine. Be careful not to install GRUB in the wrong spot.

If you need a copy of gptsync you can wget it from here: http://packages.debian.org/sid/gptsync or try these, for 64 bit:

wget http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/pool/main/r/refit/gptsync_0.14-2_amd64.deb

and for i386:

wget http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/pool/main/r/refit/gptsync_0.14-2_i386.deb

since they are .deb packages you will need the program deb2targz.

Model-specific information

MacBook

Mid 2007 13" - Version 2,1

Note: I used the 201212 ISO image.
Warning: Current linux-3.8.x packages do not work with their EFI stub and refind-efi. Either use an older package (linux 3.7.10-1 works with refind-efi 0.6.8-1) or you may use a bootloader which does not rely on EFI stub. Similiar issues are reported with gummiboot.

Since older Macbooks have a 32bit EFI running, the usual installation image is not recognized. You need to either remove the UEFI support from the disc (Unified_Extensible_Firmware_Interface#Remove_UEFI_boot_support_from_ISO) or build a 32bit EFI version of the disc. The paragraphs below will take the first path to success, booting into BIOS mode and its pitfalls. For a try the other way round, read Unified_Extensible_Firmware_Interface#Create_UEFI_bootable_USB_from_ISO first.

First prepare your harddisc according to your wishes. In this scenario it was a "Linux only" approach with

/dev/sda1 HFS+ AF00 200M -> EFI boot system on Apple HFS+ partition
/dev/sda2 ext4 8300 147G -> arch system
/dev/sda3 swap 8200 1G   -> swap

The hfsprogsAUR package contains the tools to handle HFS/HFS+ filesystems. The rEFInd bootloader recognizes it on its own. Usually the partition for the EFI bootloader is a FAT32 (vfat) partition. In this case I tried rEFIt first, which apparently needs the HFS+ filesystem to work, and kept it at that.

The mount points are:

/dev/sda2 -> /
/dev/sda1 -> /boot/efi

The bootloader in use was rEFInd instead of rEFIt. To install it, the rEFInd homepage provides a good guide. The pitfall here is, that the system bootet in BIOS compatibility mode and not in EFI mode. You can't therefore use efibootmgr, because the EFI variables (even with 'modprobe efivars') are not available. While installing the system get mactel-bootAUR from the AUR. The hfs-bless utility comes in handy, when blessing the EFI bootloader. This is done by calling e.g.:

hfs-bless /boot/efi/EFI/refind/refind.efi

Since the Linux kernel does come with EFI stub enabled, it seemed a good idea to run it through a bootloader first. Especially if it runs not out of the box. But using rEFInd makes GRUB (or any other bootloader) obsolete, because of that.

Not running out of the box is unfortunately the initial stage for the kernel. Since we installed it in BIOS mode, two modules are missing to grant access to the root partition while booting. Hence the 'initfsram-linux.img' can not be found/loaded. Adding the following modules to your 'MODULES' line in /etc/mkinitcpio.conf solved this (original post).

/etc/mkinitcpio.conf
MODULES="ahci sd_mod"

Rebuild your kernel image:

mkinitcpio -p linux

The bootloader rEFInd can scan kernels even out of the '/boot/efi/...' directory and assumes an efi kernel even without the extension '.efi'. If you don't want to try out special kernels, this should work without the hassle to copy each kernel after building to some spot special.

If you happen to get multiple entries for one boot image, it often results of a previous installation of a bootloader within the MBR. To remove that, try the following - taken from the original post. This is valid for GPT partitioned discs, so please check your environment and save your MBR first.

# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sda bs=440 count=1

MacBook Pro

10,1

MacBook Air

Mid 2012 13" - Version 5,2

Kernel panics using default boot media under arch kernel 3.5. Adding 'intremap=off' fixes this. Additionally, there are problems loading the 'applesmc' module (meaning the temperature sensors, fan, and keyboard backlight do not work). These problems are fixed in the linux 3.6-rc4 mainline kernel (I have tested).

Mid 2012 11.5" - Version 5,1

If you have issues with waking from sleep while in X11 such as a black screen or showing the console with a frozen mouse cursor then remove xf86-input-synaptics and install mtrack-git from aur. This fixed errors such as

 (EE) [dix] bcm5974: unable to find touch point 0

and backtraces that causes X11 to crash. This might apply to Version 5,2 assuming they use the same trackpad.

Installing using the Archboot 2012.06 image

Several people have reported problems installing Arch Linux on the MBA version 5,2 (See problems booting archlinux on a MacBook Air Mid 2012). A common problem is that the screen is not detected and therefore goes black when the installer boots. To fix this problem one has to select the normal install (Not the LTS) during boot and press tab to edit the boot flags. Then add noapic flag to the boot line. This should fix the screen going black. Install the system as you normally would. It may help later in the configuration process if the support packages are installed already at this stage.

When the install has finished again add the noapic flag to the GRUB boot line (if you use GRUB) and also add i915.diescreaming=1 (or perhaps i915.die). This should keep the screen from going black when booting the new system. After you enter the system the wireless driver should be loaded. If you installed the support packages during installation you should have the wifi-menu command. Run it and select the network you want to use. One could also use wpa_supplicant but wifi-menu is quite fast to use at this stage. Now you are ready to upgrade the system. As of writing there have been a lot of changes to Archlinux since the 2012.06 image of Archboot was released (filesystem and glibc). Therefore the upgrade process can be a bit difficult. The current solution has sucessfully upgraded a standart archboot version to a up-to-date version as of October 2012 and this step should be obsolete in future releases of archboot.

First ignore the new "big" changes to Arch Linux,

 pacman -Suy --ignore glibc,libarchive,curl,filesystem 

If this only upgrades pacman then run the command again. Remember to make sure that pacman is ignoring the packages you don't want upgraded now. Otherwise you may break the system and have to reinstall! Now upgrade to the new filesystem,

pacman -S filesystem --force

As described in Glibc upgrade guide there may be conflicts with installed packages that require the /lib directory. Follow the guide and remove any packages that use /lib. The stock 3.4.2 kernel from Archboot should be on this list so first upgrade this,

pacman -S linux

This may give some errors saying that the system may not boot because of missing modules. Ignore this warning for now. The stock install may also contain gcc in the /lib directory so also remove this if needed and any other packages that have conflicts. Now Glibc should be the only package in /lib so run the system upgrade and accept all changes,

pacman -Su

Finally reinstall the kernel so that it can find the correct modules.

Now this command shouldn't give any errors like last time. You can also reinstall gcc at this point. After a rebooted the system should startup and the new kernel should have fixed the problem with the screen going black. If want to boot Xorg then you may need to remove the i915.diescreaming=1 line from GRUB. If not then attach a external screen and try to fix the problem that way. Some people have reported commands that may help on the forum.

Mid 2011 - Version 4,x

Works out-of-the-box since kernel 3.2. It is recommended to use Archboot, install GRUB and use EFI.

Early 2008 - Version 1,1

Everything works out of the box though you'll need b43-fwcutter (or simply b43-firmware) for the wireless adapter to work.

Since this model has only one USB port, you may find it easiest to install Arch with a powered USB hub. Plug a USB network adapter (wireless or ethernet adapter to plug into a USB port) and your Arch installation media into the USB hub.

See also