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[[Category:Apple]]
 
[[Category:Apple]]
{{Article summary start}}
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{{Related articles start}}
{{Article summary text|This wiki page should help you in getting your MacBook Pro(Late 2013) to work with Arch Linux.}}
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{{Related|Installation guide}}
{{Article summary heading|Related}}
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{{Related|General recommendations}}
{{Article summary wiki|Official Arch Linux Install Guide}}
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{{Related|MacBookPro10,x}}
{{Article summary wiki|Beginners Guide}}
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{{Related|Mac}}
{{Article summary wiki|General Recommendations}}
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{{Related articles end}}
{{Article summary wiki|MacBookPro10,x}}
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{{Style|This page flat-out ignores every possible [[Help:Style|style]] rule}}
{{Article summary wiki|MacBook}}
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{{Article summary end}}
+
  
== Preparing for the Installation ==
+
The MacBook Pro 11,x consists of models with Retina display shipped by Apple In Late 2013 and Mid 2014. Like its predecessors, it is based on Intel chipset, although some manual configuration might be required in specific cases in order to deal with Apple-related features.
=== Preparing the hard drive ===
+
 
Assuming you want to dual boot with OS X, so you can update firmware, you have to shrink its partition with Disk Utility. You can either create a HFS+ partition now to override later, or leave it empty.
+
Like previous MacBook models, the MacBook Pro 11,x supports UEFI. This page will cover the current status of hardware support on Arch Linux, as well as post-installation recommendations.
 +
 
 +
== Overview ==
 +
 
 +
Specifically, the procedure for installing Arch Linux on a MacBook is:
 +
 
 +
# '''[[#Firmware updates | Firmware updates]]''': It always helps to start from a clean, backed up, and up-to-date install of OS X.
 +
# '''[[#Partitioning|Partitioning]]''': Resizing or deleting the OS X partition to create partitions for Arch Linux.
 +
# '''[[#Setup bootloader|Setup bootloader]]''': Making sure that the new partition is bootable.
 +
# '''[[#Installation|Install Arch Linux]]''': Actually installing Arch Linux.
 +
# '''[[#Post-installation|Post-installation]]''': MacBook-specific configuration.
 +
 
 +
== Firmware updates ==
 +
 
 +
Before proceeding with the installation of Arch Linux, it is important to ensure that the latest firmware updates for you MacBook are installed. This procedure requires OS X.
 +
In OS X, open the App Store and check for updates. If your mac finds and installs any updates, make sure to '''reboot''' your computer, and then check again for updates to make sure that you installed everything.
 +
 
 +
{{Note|If you uninstalled OS X or want to reinstall it, [https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT204904 Apple] has great instructions.}}
 +
 
 +
It is advisable to keep OS X installed, because MacBook firmware updates can only be installed using OS X. However, if you plan to remove OS X completely, make backups of these files, which you will need in Linux for adjusting the [[#Color Profile|color profile]]:
 +
/Library/ColorSync/Profiles/Displays/*
 +
 
 +
Continue to [[#Partitioning]]
 +
 
 +
== Partitioning ==
 +
 
 +
By default, the MacBook's drive is formatted using GPT and contains at least 3 partitions:
 +
 
 +
* '''EFI''': the ~200 MB [[EFI System Partition]].
 +
* '''OS X''': the main partition containing your OS X installation. It is formatted using [[File_systems|HFS+]].
 +
* '''Recovery''': A recovery partition used for special purposes.
 +
 
 +
As a general rule, partitioning is no different from any other hardware that Arch Linux can be installed on. If you plan on keeping OS X for the purpose of dual booting, you need to manually shrink the main OS X HFS+ partition from within OS X's Disk Utility program.  
 +
{{Note|The OS X '''Recovery partition''' is not visible inside OS X {{ic|Disk Utility}}. However, the partition will be automatically moved after the OS X partition if you resize it.}}
 +
{{Warning| If your OS X partition is encrypted with FileVault 2, you '''must''' disable the disk encryption before proceeding. After the OS X partition has been resized, FileVault 2 can be re-enabled.}}
 +
{{Note|If you plan to remove OS X, it is advisable to '''disable''' the MacBook startup sound before proceeding with partitioning. Just boot in OS X, mute your system sound and reboot again to the Arch Linux Installation media. Please keep in mind that the volume of the startup sound can only be modified reliably in OS X.}}
  
 
== Installation ==
 
== Installation ==
=== Booting the live image ===
 
Now, download the latest [[Archboot]] ISO, write it to USB, and boot from it by selecting it in the Apple boot loader by holding {{ic|Alt}} on boot (use rEFIt if you cannot manage to select it). When it comes to the syslinux boot loader, press {{ic|Tab}} to edit the entry and append {{ic|nomodeset}} to fix screen corruption.
 
  
=== Internet ===
+
Installation is similar to any other standard laptop. Please refer to the official [[Installation guide]]. The Apple boot manager is accessible by holding the {{ic|Alt}} button during power on. As any other computer that does not have a CDROM drive, you need to use an [[USB flash installation media]].  
{{Note|You can skip this if you use the Thunderbolt or USB-to-Ethernet adapter for the installation.}}
+
 +
As this model of notebook has a high DPI display, the console font displayed will be extremely small and depending on your preferences is likely to be uncomfortable to use. You may wish to change this for a more legible font, an example of which is;
  
==== Wireless ====
+
$ setfont sun12x22
As mentioned below, {{ic|broadcom-wl}} is sufficient if you are using the Linux mainline kernel. For custom kernels, you need to use {{ic|broadcom-wl-dkms}}. Both are available from the [[AUR]]. The easiest way to get Wi-Fi connectivity during install is to build the package driver on a separate system using:
+
 
  $ curl -O https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/br/broadcom-wl-dkms/broadcom-wl-dkms.tar.gz
+
=== Internet ===
  $ tar -zxvf broadcom-wl-dkms.tar.gz
+
 
  $ cd broadcom-wl-dkms
+
Thunderbolt Ethernet adapters and USB-to-Ethernet adapters are usually picked up automatically. In case you use a Thunderbolt ethernet adapter, you may have to power on the machine with the adapter plugged in for it to be picked up by the system.
 +
 
 +
Another easy option is to use USB tethering with an Android device. For more information, see [[Android tethering]].
 +
 
 +
If you have neither, the only option is to use the onboard wireless adapter. Depending on your model, you may have the Broadcom BCM43602, which is supported by the open source brcmfac which is included by default in the kernel (see [[Broadcom wireless#brcm80211|here]]). If this is the case, you should have wireless available from the installer.
 +
 
 +
Unfortunately, other BCM43xx chipsets my only be supported by a [[Broadcom wireless|proprietary driver]] which is unavailable in the installation environment. It is possible to build the package driver {{AUR|broadcom-wl}} on a separate system, but it '''must''' be built against the exact same kernel version used by the installer. Build the package in a separate machine as follows:
 +
 
 +
  $ curl -O https://aur.archlinux.org/cgit/aur.git/snapshot/broadcom-wl.tar.gz
 +
  $ tar -zxvf broadcom-wl.tar.gz
 +
  $ cd broadcom-wl
 
  $ makepkg -s
 
  $ makepkg -s
This will give you a package ({{ic|broadcom-wl-*.pkg.tar.xz}}) which can be installed using [[pacman]]. Put this package on a USB drive, mount it, and install the package using
+
 
 +
This will give you a package ({{ic|broadcom-wl-*.pkg.tar.xz}}) which can be installed using [[pacman]]. Put this package on a USB drive, mount it, and install the package using:
 +
 
 
  # pacman -U broadcom-wl-*.pkg.tar.xz
 
  # pacman -U broadcom-wl-*.pkg.tar.xz
 +
# rmmod b43
 +
# rmmod ssb
 
  # modprobe wl
 
  # modprobe wl
during install.
 
You may now use {{ic|wifi-menu}} to connect to your network of choice.
 
{{Note|You need to repeat this process when you have finished your installation, for instance when booting into the system for the first time or when you have chrooted your install.}}
 
  
=== The installation ===
+
You may now use {{ic|wifi-menu}} to connect to your network of choice.  
{{Note|Refer to the [[MacBook]] page if you do not want to have a separate partition for GRUB but rather prefer to use [http://www.rodsbooks.com/refind/ rEFInd] (or [[MacBook#rEFIt|rEFIt]]).}}
+
Run the installation wizard.
+
{{Tip|If you want to use the native MacBook bootloader, you need an extra partition of at least 128 MiB.}}
+
  
=== Bootloader ===
+
{{Note|The driver will need to be reinstalled after booting into the system for the first time. For more information, please see [[Broadcom wireless]])}}
==== Using the MacBook's native EFI bootloader ====
+
This method uses the MacBook's native EFI bootloader, i.e. the one the can be reached when holding the alt-key during boot.
+
+
{{Note|For this method you need an extra partition of at least 128 MiB. This partition will be used by the MacBook's native bootloader to launch Arch. It also assumes that you are dual-booting OS X and Arch.}}
+
  
At the end of the install process we would normally install GRUB or a variation the the drive. For this method we will place a {{ic|boot.efi}} file on an extra partition used by the MacBook's native bootloader.
+
== Setup bootloader ==
  
First, [[pacman|install]] the {{Pkg|grub}} package from the [[Official Repositories|official repositories]].
+
MacBooks can be easily configured to use [[systemd-boot]] or [[GRUB]] directly from the Apple bootloader, without the need for third-party tools such as [[rEFInd]]. Systemd-boot is the recommended way for systems that support UEFI.
  
When generating a {{ic|boot.efi}} file, GRUB looks to {{ic|/etc/default/grub}} for its configuration. Edit the parameter {{ic|GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT}} to look something like this:
+
* First, make sure you mounted the EFI System Partition at {{ic|/boot}}
{{bc|
+
* Proceed with [[Installation guide|Installation]] normally
<nowiki>
+
* Once inside the chrooted enviroment, type the following command to install ''systemd-boot'':
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet rootflags=data=writeback libata.force=noncq"
+
{{bc|1=# bootctl --path=/boot install}}
</nowiki>
+
The above command will copy the ''systemd-boot'' binary to {{ic|/boot/EFI/Boot/BOOTX64.EFI}} and add ''systemd-boot'' itself as the default EFI application (default boot entry) loaded by the EFI Boot Manager.  
 +
* Proceed to [[systemd-boot#Configuration]] in order to correctly set up the bootloader
 +
At the next reboot, the Apple Boot Manager, shown when holding down the option key when booting the MacBook, should display Arch Linux (it will be displayed as {{ic|EFI Boot}} as a possible boot option).
 +
{{Note|If you wish to use GRUB, have a look at [[Mac#Using the native Apple bootloader with GRUB]].}}
 +
{{Tip| After the installation, it is optionally possible to set a custom icon that will be displayed in the MacBook boot loader. In order to do that, you need to install the {{Pkg|wget}}, {{Pkg|librsvg}} and {{AUR|libicns}} packages. After that, just follow the following commands:
 +
  $ wget -O /tmp/archlinux.svg https://www.archlinux.org/logos/archlinux-icon-crystal-64.svg
 +
  $ rsvg-convert -w 128 -h 128 -o /tmp/archlogo.png /tmp/archlinux.svg
 +
  $ sudo png2icns /boot/.VolumeIcon.icns /tmp/archlogo.png
 +
  $ rm /tmp/archlogo.png
 +
  $ rm /tmp/archlinux.svg
 +
Obviously, you can replace the Arch logo with any other icon you like.
 +
}}
 +
{{Tip|If you installed Arch Linux alongside OS X, you will be able to change the default boot location from  system Settings inside OS X. If Arch Linux does not show up as a possible boot option, you will have to mount the EFI System Partition inside OS X before selecting your boot option:
 +
{{bc|$ diskutil mount disk0s1}}
 +
Keep in mind, however, it is also possible to load OS X from [[systemd-boot]].
 
}}
 
}}
  
The {{ic|1=libata.force=noncq}} parameter will prevent SSD lockups and the {{ic|rootflags}} option is used for SSD-performance.
+
== Post installation ==
  
{{Note|Do not use the {{ic|rootflags}} option on Btrfs. It is not supported.}}
+
See [[General recommendations]] for system management directions and post-installation tutorials.
  
Now we generate the {{ic|boot.efi}} file:
+
Additionally, you might want to have a look at the [[Power management]] page for useful tips in power management and battery-saving software.
# grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
+
# grub-mkstandalone -o boot.efi -d /usr/lib/grub/x86_64-efi -O x86_64-efi /boot/grub/grub.cfg
+
  
Put this file on a USB (or other OS X accessible media) and reboot into OS X.
+
=== Kernel parameters ===
  
Launch {{ic|DiskUtility.app}} and erase the extra partition, mentioned above, to HFS+ and mount it.
+
Due to [https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=177151 this bug], it might be required to add {{ic|1=acpi_osi=}} as a kernel boot parameter in order to improve battery life.
$ mkdir -p <Path to root of extra partition>/System/Library/CoreServices
+
$ mkdir <Parth to root of extra partition>/mach_kernel
+
  
Copy the {{ic|boot.efi}} file to the {{ic|<Path to extra partition>/System/Library/CoreServices/}} directory. Using your editor of choice, create a {{ic|SystemVersion.plist}} file in the CoreServices directory, which is located here:
+
=== Fan control ===
''<path to extra partition>''/System/Library/CoreServices/SystemVersion.plist
+
  
Edit that file to look like this:
+
Install {{AUR|mbpfan-git}} or {{AUR|macfanctld}} and [[enable]] the relative .service in order to prevent laptop overheating.
{{bc|
+
<nowiki>
+
<xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
+
<plist version="1.0">
+
<dict>
+
    <key>ProductBuildVersion</key>
+
    <string></string>
+
    <key>ProductName</key>
+
    <string>Linux</string>
+
    <key>ProductVersion</key>
+
    <string>Arch Linux</string>
+
</dict>
+
</plist>
+
</nowiki>
+
}}
+
  
The last step is then to bless the extra partition using:
+
=== Console ===
# bless --device disk0sX --setBoot
+
  
Where {{ic|disk0sX}} is the extra partitions id. The id can be found using either {{ic|DiskUtility.app}} or by issuing:
+
Largest console font can be achieved by adding {{ic|1=FONT=sun12x22}} to {{ic|/etc/vconsole.conf}}:
# diskutil list
+
  
{{Note|If you change kernel or need to modify the boot process, you will most likely need to re generate the boot.efi file. Simply replace the old boot.efi on the extra partition with the new one.}}
+
{{hc|1=# nano /etc/vconsole.conf|2=
 +
  ...
 +
FONT=sun12x22}}
  
==== Direct EFI booting (rEFInd) ====
+
=== Graphics ===
''See: [[UEFI_Bootloaders]]''
+
  
As of August 2013, refind can automatically detect the Arch kernel, removing the need for copying the kernel into the EFI partition. Simply install refind without the EFI file system drivers [http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic-t-967024-start-0.html] using the {{ic|--nodrivers}} option [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=1348145#p1348145], and enable the {{ic|scan_all_linux_kernels}} and {{ic|also_scan_dirs}} options in {{ic|refind.conf}} (see link above for instructions.)
+
MacBook Pro with integrated Intel graphics and no discrete GPU are supported out of the box. See [[Intel graphics]] for additional details and configuration options.
  
==== GRUB (with OS X) ====
+
Versions which include a discrete Nvidia GPU should need additional configuration:
Another solution is to install [[GRUB]]. Edit {{ic|/tmp/install/boot/grub/grub.cfg}} and edit the boot entry to load Linux mainline instead of the normal one. You might want to append {{ic|nomodeset}} to the kernel line again, at least for now.
+
* MacBook Pro 11,3:
 +
** nvidia drivers work, see [[NVIDIA]] or [[Nouveau]]. In case you use the proprietary driver, see the following link [http://cberner.com/2013/03/01/installing-ubuntu-13-04-on-macbook-pro-retina/] for additional details.
 +
**It is possible to configure the integrated intel GPU, provided you are using [[GRUB]] as your bootloader of choice. See below for details
 +
* MacBook Pro 11,5
 +
** The {{Pkg|xf86-video-nouveau}} package seems to be stable. Switching to VTs and back works fine from MATE and GNOME. SOmetimes Chromium causes a "kernele rejected pixbuf" error which freezes the desktop.
 +
** The {{Pkg|nvidia-dkms}} driver has been crashing a lot.
 +
** The {{Pkg|nvidia}} driver seems to be super stable, but GNOME desktop won't like to start, showing you a "Oh no! Something has gone wrong" message. Cinnamon Desktop is buttery smooth with the nvidia driver, and if you want your GNOME desktop, you can run `gnome-shell --relace &` while in cinnamon desktop to switch to Gnome Shell as a workaround.
  
{{Note|{{ic|1=libata.force=noncq}} helps with hangs due to SSD speed.}}
+
==== Getting the integrated intel card to work on 11,3 ====
  
Now cd into {{ic|/tmp/install/}} and create the GRUB image by running:
+
By default the integrated card is powered off. To fix this we need a grub function called "apple_set_os". This function has not officially been merged yet, so we need to build grub ourselves. Download the {{AUR|grub-git}} package from the AUR. Using something like:
grub-mkstandalone -o bootx64.efi -d usr/lib/grub/x86_64-efi -O x86_64-efi -C xz boot/grub/grub.cfg
+
This will create file called {{ic|boot64.efi}} which contains GRUB and the configuration file incorporated inside. It is important to {{ic|cd}} into the right directory to make it pick up the configuration file and put it into the right place within the image.
+
  
Copy this file to the MacBook's EFI partition. The downside of this method is that you need to repeat this step whenever you want to change the GRUB config. Reboot the machine and you should be able to select your installed Arch Linux by keeping the {{ic|Alt}} button pressed. It should appear as {{ic|EFI boot}}.
+
$ packer -G grub-git
 +
$ cd grub-git
  
To generate a nicer config use: {{ic|grub-mkconfig}}, (add in {{ic|nomodeset}} if you are using framebuffer), remove {{ic|quiet}} if you like the text, then to update your GRUB post-installation, do this to make the GRUB EFI file and put it in the EFI partition:
+
Get the patch from here: http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/grub-devel/2013-12/msg00442.html
cd /
+
grub-mkstandalone -o bootx64.efi -d usr/lib/grub/x86_64-efi -O x86_64-efi -C xz boot/grub/grub.cfg
+
sudo mount /dev/sda1 /mnt
+
sudo cp bootx64.efi /mnt/EFI/boot/bootx64.efi
+
  
== Post installation ==
+
Put the patch contents into a file labeled something like "apple.patch"
=== Console ===
+
Largest console font (although ugly) achieved by adding {{ic|1=FONT=sun12x22}} to {{ic|/etc/vconsole.conf}}
+
It is still tiny but is at least readable.
+
  
=== Graphics ===
+
Add this patch to your PKGBUILD and run:
MacBook Pro 11,1
+
* Intel works fine
+
MacBook Pro 11,2
+
* Intel works on Linux 3.13 and on Linux 3.12 with patch, see https://bugs.freedesktop.org/show_bug.cgi?id=71049
+
** Alternatively, use framebuffer, {{Pkg|xf86-video-fbdev}}.
+
MacBook Pro 11,3
+
* Nvidia works (both 319.60 and 331.17 drivers)
+
** Follow http://cberner.com/2013/03/01/installing-ubuntu-13-04-on-macbook-pro-retina/
+
  
See [[HiDPI]] for information on how to tweak the system for a Retina screen.
+
$ makepkg -si
  
If you are using [[Xfce]], you will probably experience tearing in Firefox, VLC, etc. Until newer versions of xfwm support OpenGL rendering, use another compositing window manager like [[compton]] with {{ic|1=backend = "glx"}}.
+
Reboot into OS X and download gfxCardStatus v2.2.1 (newer versions do not work properly) run the app and specify the integrated card.
 +
 
 +
Reboot and at the grub prompt type 'c' to get into console, followed by "apple_set_os" at the prompt.
 +
 
 +
You should now be able to install {{Pkg|xf86-video-intel}} and get your card running.
 +
 
 +
Note that the HDMI port and MiniDP are soldered to the nvidia card meaning that to run external displays you need to use the dedicated card.
 +
 
 +
==== Alternative method to disable NVIDIA card ====
 +
 
 +
While the above method for switching graphics works, there is a more effective method that does not require the use of gfxCardStatus or a patched GRUB installation (but it can be used if desired).
 +
 
 +
First, the Intel GPU will not function without a patch called apple_set_os. You can either use a patched GRUB (as seen above) or use the apple_set_os.efi patch via rEFInd or chainload it via GRUB, the EFI patch can be download here, https://github.com/0xbb/apple_set_os.efi, this tricks the machine into thinking that it is booting a Mac OS X installation, making the hardware behave as such, allowing the Intel GPU to be used. rEFInd should automatically detect the patch as described on the application page. This will need to be loaded before each boot of Arch or else the Intel GPU will not function, to load it automatically it can be chainloaded via GRUB. Also, download and install the Intel drivers as described above.
 +
 
 +
Then you will need to download an application called gpu-switch for switching the GPU on dual MacBook Pros, it is fairly easy to use as well. It can be downloaded from here, https://github.com/0xbb/gpu-switch.
 +
 
 +
Secondly, once you have downloaded gpu-switch, extract the application to your home directory and open up a terminal emulator and cd to that directory. To switch to the Intel graphics, run <code>gpu-switch -i</code> as sudo, and the card will be active on reboot. Conversely, to enable the dedicated card instead, run <code>gpu-switch -d</code> as sudo. You must have booted with the aforementioned patch for this to work.
 +
 
 +
Next, gpu-switch will not completely power down the dedicated card. To do that, you will have to create a custom grub menuentry and compile a program that will power off the dedicated card.
 +
 
 +
To do that, please refer to the following article, [[MacBookPro10,x#Graphics_2]].
 +
 
 +
You should now have working integrated graphics and the dedicated GPU should now power down. If you get a blank screen after doing this, wait and see what happens, if it stays blank for a prolonged period of time, try resetting the SMC, and then booting back into Arch.
 +
 
 +
I noticed that afterwards VGA switcheroo disabled the nouveau driver, if this workaround still does not work, try installing a cronjob package, and adding the following:
 +
 
 +
<code>@reboot echo OFF > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch</code>
 +
<code>@reboot echo IGD > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch</code>
 +
 
 +
I'm not sure if the vgaswitcheroo commands actually do anything, I need somebody to test this workaround and let me know how it works for them.
 +
 
 +
To see if you dedicated GPU is actually disabled, run:
 +
 
 +
# cat /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch
 +
 
 +
{{Note|gpu-switch has been tested only on a select few models, those being MacBookPro9,1, MacBookPro10,1, and MacBookPro11,3. Use at your own risk.}}
 +
 
 +
=== Microcode ===
 +
 
 +
You may need to install {{Pkg|intel-ucode}}, especially if you have Nvidia drivers. Read the wiki page to learn more about [[Microcode]].
 +
 
 +
=== HiDPI ===
 +
 
 +
See [[HiDPI]] for information on how to tweak the system for a Retina screen.
  
 
=== Sound ===
 
=== Sound ===
 +
 
* Headphones work
 
* Headphones work
* Speakers work from kernel 3.13 and 3.12.2. 3.12.1 only with patch
+
* Speakers work (tested with kernel 4.8)
** Patch: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/attachment.cgi?id=114081.
+
** See discussion here: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=64401
+
* Optical audio can be turned off and on with above sound patch.
+
  
 
If you do not want to hear the annoying sound at system start-up, one way to get rid of it is to turn sound off while under Mac OS.
 
If you do not want to hear the annoying sound at system start-up, one way to get rid of it is to turn sound off while under Mac OS.
Line 153: Line 213:
  
 
=== Touchpad ===
 
=== Touchpad ===
 +
 
One method is to install {{pkg|xf86-input-synaptics}} and configure to your liking in {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/50-synaptics.conf}}:
 
One method is to install {{pkg|xf86-input-synaptics}} and configure to your liking in {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/50-synaptics.conf}}:
 +
 
  Section "InputClass"
 
  Section "InputClass"
 
     MatchIsTouchpad "on"
 
     MatchIsTouchpad "on"
Line 169: Line 231:
 
     Option "VertScrollDelta" "-100"
 
     Option "VertScrollDelta" "-100"
 
     Option "HorizScrollDelta" "-100"
 
     Option "HorizScrollDelta" "-100"
 +
EndSection
 +
 +
==== Ctrl-Click as Right-Click ====
 +
 +
Using this SuperUser receipt [http://superuser.com/questions/217615/how-to-right-click-using-the-keyboard-from-ubuntu-on-a-mac] I got Ctrl-click working as right-click. I had to increase the sleep time to 0.1 though.
 +
 +
==== input-mtrack ====
 +
 +
Another method is to use {{AUR|xf86-input-mtrack-git}}. If you like to have a thumb resting on the touchpad, this driver is the right choice, because it has an option for IgnoreThumb.
 +
 +
With this config the touchpad behavior becomes more osx-like.
 +
 +
/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/00-touchpad.conf
 +
 +
Section "InputClass"
 +
    MatchIsTouchpad "on"
 +
    Identifier      "Touchpads"
 +
    Driver          "mtrack"
 +
    Option          "Sensitivity" "0.64"
 +
    Option          "FingerHigh" "5"
 +
    Option          "FingerLow" "1"
 +
    Option          "IgnoreThumb" "true"
 +
    Option          "IgnorePalm" "true"
 +
    Option          "DisableOnPalm" "true"
 +
    Option          "TapButton1" "1"
 +
    Option          "TapButton2" "3"
 +
    Option          "TapButton3" "2"
 +
    Option          "TapButton4" "0"
 +
    Option          "ClickFinger1" "1"
 +
    Option          "ClickFinger2" "2"
 +
    Option          "ClickFinger3" "3"
 +
    Option          "ButtonMoveEmulate" "false"
 +
    Option          "ButtonIntegrated" "true"
 +
    Option          "ClickTime" "25"
 +
    Option          "BottomEdge" "30"
 +
    Option          "SwipeLeftButton" "8"
 +
    Option          "SwipeRightButton" "9"
 +
    Option          "SwipeUpButton" "0"
 +
    Option          "SwipeDownButton" "0"
 +
    Option          "ScrollDistance" "75"
 +
    Option          "VertScrollDelta" "-111"
 +
    Option          "HorizScrollDelta" "-111"
 
  EndSection
 
  EndSection
  
 
=== Keyboard backlight ===
 
=== Keyboard backlight ===
* Works, see [[MacBook#Keyboard_Backlight]]
+
 
 +
* Works, see [[Mac#Keyboard Backlight]]
 +
* On KDE controlling the backlight with the increase or decrease brightness keys work fine, but they need upower to start before the desktop. To do this create the file {{ic|/etc/systemd/system/kdm.service.d/kbd_backlight.conf}} with this content (you might need to create the directory as well)
 +
[Unit]
 +
Requires=upower.service
 +
After=upower.service
  
 
=== Screen backlight ===
 
=== Screen backlight ===
 +
 
* Intel, works on Linux 3.13
 
* Intel, works on Linux 3.13
 
* Framebuffer, works for MacBook Pro 11,1 and 11,3 via {{ic|/sys/class/backlight/gmux_backlight/brightness}}.
 
* Framebuffer, works for MacBook Pro 11,1 and 11,3 via {{ic|/sys/class/backlight/gmux_backlight/brightness}}.
* Nvidia, does not work
+
* Brightness in {{ic|/sys/class/backlight/gmux_backlight/brightness}} can be modified comfortably via the {{AUR|gmux_backlight}} utility without root privileges. Requires the {{ic|setpci}} setting below.
 +
* Nvidia, does not work using default settings. Try adding {{ic|1=setpci -v -H1 -s 00:01.00 BRIDGE_CONTROL=0}} to {{ic|/etc/rc.local}}.
 +
* AMD models may require a patched kernel for the backlight to be adjusted. The {{AUR|linux-macbook}} kernel fixes this.
 +
{{note|If the screen does not show the prompt or the login manager (i.e. a black screen), append {{ic|1=i915.invert_brightness=1}} to the kernel. }}
  
 
=== Suspend ===
 
=== Suspend ===
* Works on MacBook Pro 11,2 with Linux 3.13
+
 
 +
* Works from Linux 3.13
 +
** It may be necessary to disable USB's wakeup ability by by echoing 'XHC1' to '/proc/acpi/wakeup' in order to prevent immediate wakeup on suspend.
 
* No backlight after suspend with Linux 3.12
 
* No backlight after suspend with Linux 3.12
 
** Use hibernate instead
 
** Use hibernate instead
 +
 +
=== Powersave ===
 +
 +
Disabling the internal cardreader and bluetooth controller may save battery life. When not using them, create the following [[udev]] rules:
 +
 +
{{hc|1=/etc/udev/rules.d/99-apple_cardreader.rules|2=
 +
SUBSYSTEMS=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="05ac", ATTRS{idProduct}=="8406", RUN+="/usr/local/sbin/remove_ignore_usb-device.sh 05ac 8406"
 +
}}
 +
 +
{{hc|1=/etc/udev/rules.d/99-apple_broadcom_bcm2046_bluetooth.rules|2=
 +
SUBSYSTEMS=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="05ac", ATTRS{idProduct}=="8289", RUN+="/usr/local/sbin/remove_ignore_usb-device.sh 05ac 8289"
 +
SUBSYSTEMS=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="0a5c", ATTRS{idProduct}=="4500", RUN+="/usr/local/sbin/remove_ignore_usb-device.sh 0a5c 4500"
 +
}}
 +
 +
As udev's {{ic|1=OPTIONS=="ignore_device"}} may not work reliably, the above rules use [https://gist.github.com/anonymous/9c9d45c4818e3086ceca a script] to manually remove the usb device from {{ic|/sys/bus/usb/devices/}}.
 +
 +
If battery life is not satisfactory, it may help to use power saving utilities, such as {{Pkg|tlp}}, and/or {{Pkg|powertop}} from the official repositories. To better optimize battery life, TLP also has a configuration file located at {{ic|/etc/default/tlp}} that you can edit to suit your machine. For more information, visit the wiki pages for these tools, [[TLP]] and [[Powertop]], respectively.
 +
 +
=== SD Card Reader ===
 +
 +
* Disappears sporadically after suspend as of Linux 3.18. Workaround is to create {{ic|/etc/modprobe.d/xhci-reset-on-suspend.conf}} with:
 +
  # Reset XHCI USB devices on suspend/resume, fixes SD Card reader vanishing after suspend
 +
  options xhci_hcd quirks=0x80
 +
 +
Note: As of Linux 3.18.6-1 (and possibly earlier versions post-3.18), this fix '''may''' not be needed and might cause issues ranging from failed suspend to the SD card not being recognized at all. Test with and without the fix to determine which works best for you.
 +
 +
=== Repurpose the power key ===
 +
 +
By default systemd handles the rMBPs power key as defined in /etc/systemd/logind.conf. By setting
 +
    HandlePowerKey=ignore
 +
systemd ignores power key events.
 +
 +
Now the power key can be repurposed as keycode 124. For example in i3 conf:
 +
    bindcode 124 ...
 +
 +
=== Web cam ===
 +
 +
A reverse engineered driver is being developed here: https://github.com/patjak/bcwc_pcie/ . It is marked experimental, but basic functionality seems to be working. Install {{AUR|bcwc-pcie-dkms}} or {{AUR|bcwc-pcie-git}}.
  
 
== What does not work ==
 
== What does not work ==
Updated 2013-12-07
+
 
 +
Updated 2016-07-21
  
 
=== General ===
 
=== General ===
  
 
=== Wi-Fi ===
 
=== Wi-Fi ===
* {{AUR|broadcom-wl}} from the [[AUR]] works
 
** Stability is an issue for some
 
  
=== Web cam ===
+
* {{AUR|broadcom-wl}} or {{AUR|broadcom-wl-dkms}} from the [[AUR]] works
* Listed on PCI bus as: Multimedia controller: Broadcom Corporation Device 1570.
+
** Stability is an issue for some, look at [[Broadcom wireless]] for possible fixes (e.g. downgrading kernel works if your card is BCM4360)
* In OS X, the camera is listed as FaceTime HD camera 1570.
+
 
* No known Linux driver.
+
=== Backlight keys / Suspend support ===
 +
 
 +
{{AUR|linux-macbook}} is an AUR package created specifically for MacBook laptops that includes patches for these issues, as well fixing powering off correctly and CPU frequency scaling with the intel_pstate driver.
  
 
== Discussions ==
 
== Discussions ==
 +
 
* https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=171883
 
* https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=171883
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
 +
 
* [[MacBookPro10,x]]
 
* [[MacBookPro10,x]]
* [[MacBook]]
+
* [[Mac]]

Latest revision as of 02:49, 16 January 2017

Tango-edit-clear.pngThis article or section needs language, wiki syntax or style improvements.Tango-edit-clear.png

Reason: This page flat-out ignores every possible style rule (Discuss in Talk:MacBookPro11,x#)

The MacBook Pro 11,x consists of models with Retina display shipped by Apple In Late 2013 and Mid 2014. Like its predecessors, it is based on Intel chipset, although some manual configuration might be required in specific cases in order to deal with Apple-related features.

Like previous MacBook models, the MacBook Pro 11,x supports UEFI. This page will cover the current status of hardware support on Arch Linux, as well as post-installation recommendations.

Overview

Specifically, the procedure for installing Arch Linux on a MacBook is:

  1. Firmware updates: It always helps to start from a clean, backed up, and up-to-date install of OS X.
  2. Partitioning: Resizing or deleting the OS X partition to create partitions for Arch Linux.
  3. Setup bootloader: Making sure that the new partition is bootable.
  4. Install Arch Linux: Actually installing Arch Linux.
  5. Post-installation: MacBook-specific configuration.

Firmware updates

Before proceeding with the installation of Arch Linux, it is important to ensure that the latest firmware updates for you MacBook are installed. This procedure requires OS X. In OS X, open the App Store and check for updates. If your mac finds and installs any updates, make sure to reboot your computer, and then check again for updates to make sure that you installed everything.

Note: If you uninstalled OS X or want to reinstall it, Apple has great instructions.

It is advisable to keep OS X installed, because MacBook firmware updates can only be installed using OS X. However, if you plan to remove OS X completely, make backups of these files, which you will need in Linux for adjusting the color profile:

/Library/ColorSync/Profiles/Displays/*

Continue to #Partitioning

Partitioning

By default, the MacBook's drive is formatted using GPT and contains at least 3 partitions:

  • EFI: the ~200 MB EFI System Partition.
  • OS X: the main partition containing your OS X installation. It is formatted using HFS+.
  • Recovery: A recovery partition used for special purposes.

As a general rule, partitioning is no different from any other hardware that Arch Linux can be installed on. If you plan on keeping OS X for the purpose of dual booting, you need to manually shrink the main OS X HFS+ partition from within OS X's Disk Utility program.

Note: The OS X Recovery partition is not visible inside OS X Disk Utility. However, the partition will be automatically moved after the OS X partition if you resize it.
Warning: If your OS X partition is encrypted with FileVault 2, you must disable the disk encryption before proceeding. After the OS X partition has been resized, FileVault 2 can be re-enabled.
Note: If you plan to remove OS X, it is advisable to disable the MacBook startup sound before proceeding with partitioning. Just boot in OS X, mute your system sound and reboot again to the Arch Linux Installation media. Please keep in mind that the volume of the startup sound can only be modified reliably in OS X.

Installation

Installation is similar to any other standard laptop. Please refer to the official Installation guide. The Apple boot manager is accessible by holding the Alt button during power on. As any other computer that does not have a CDROM drive, you need to use an USB flash installation media.

As this model of notebook has a high DPI display, the console font displayed will be extremely small and depending on your preferences is likely to be uncomfortable to use. You may wish to change this for a more legible font, an example of which is;

$ setfont sun12x22

Internet

Thunderbolt Ethernet adapters and USB-to-Ethernet adapters are usually picked up automatically. In case you use a Thunderbolt ethernet adapter, you may have to power on the machine with the adapter plugged in for it to be picked up by the system.

Another easy option is to use USB tethering with an Android device. For more information, see Android tethering.

If you have neither, the only option is to use the onboard wireless adapter. Depending on your model, you may have the Broadcom BCM43602, which is supported by the open source brcmfac which is included by default in the kernel (see here). If this is the case, you should have wireless available from the installer.

Unfortunately, other BCM43xx chipsets my only be supported by a proprietary driver which is unavailable in the installation environment. It is possible to build the package driver broadcom-wlAUR on a separate system, but it must be built against the exact same kernel version used by the installer. Build the package in a separate machine as follows:

$ curl -O https://aur.archlinux.org/cgit/aur.git/snapshot/broadcom-wl.tar.gz
$ tar -zxvf broadcom-wl.tar.gz
$ cd broadcom-wl
$ makepkg -s

This will give you a package (broadcom-wl-*.pkg.tar.xz) which can be installed using pacman. Put this package on a USB drive, mount it, and install the package using:

# pacman -U broadcom-wl-*.pkg.tar.xz
# rmmod b43
# rmmod ssb
# modprobe wl

You may now use wifi-menu to connect to your network of choice.

Note: The driver will need to be reinstalled after booting into the system for the first time. For more information, please see Broadcom wireless)

Setup bootloader

MacBooks can be easily configured to use systemd-boot or GRUB directly from the Apple bootloader, without the need for third-party tools such as rEFInd. Systemd-boot is the recommended way for systems that support UEFI.

  • First, make sure you mounted the EFI System Partition at /boot
  • Proceed with Installation normally
  • Once inside the chrooted enviroment, type the following command to install systemd-boot:
# bootctl --path=/boot install

The above command will copy the systemd-boot binary to /boot/EFI/Boot/BOOTX64.EFI and add systemd-boot itself as the default EFI application (default boot entry) loaded by the EFI Boot Manager.

At the next reboot, the Apple Boot Manager, shown when holding down the option key when booting the MacBook, should display Arch Linux (it will be displayed as EFI Boot as a possible boot option).

Note: If you wish to use GRUB, have a look at Mac#Using the native Apple bootloader with GRUB.
Tip: After the installation, it is optionally possible to set a custom icon that will be displayed in the MacBook boot loader. In order to do that, you need to install the wget, librsvg and libicnsAUR packages. After that, just follow the following commands:
 $ wget -O /tmp/archlinux.svg https://www.archlinux.org/logos/archlinux-icon-crystal-64.svg
 $ rsvg-convert -w 128 -h 128 -o /tmp/archlogo.png /tmp/archlinux.svg
 $ sudo png2icns /boot/.VolumeIcon.icns /tmp/archlogo.png
 $ rm /tmp/archlogo.png
 $ rm /tmp/archlinux.svg

Obviously, you can replace the Arch logo with any other icon you like.

Tip: If you installed Arch Linux alongside OS X, you will be able to change the default boot location from system Settings inside OS X. If Arch Linux does not show up as a possible boot option, you will have to mount the EFI System Partition inside OS X before selecting your boot option:
$ diskutil mount disk0s1

Keep in mind, however, it is also possible to load OS X from systemd-boot.

Post installation

See General recommendations for system management directions and post-installation tutorials.

Additionally, you might want to have a look at the Power management page for useful tips in power management and battery-saving software.

Kernel parameters

Due to this bug, it might be required to add acpi_osi= as a kernel boot parameter in order to improve battery life.

Fan control

Install mbpfan-gitAUR or macfanctldAUR and enable the relative .service in order to prevent laptop overheating.

Console

Largest console font can be achieved by adding FONT=sun12x22 to /etc/vconsole.conf:

# nano /etc/vconsole.conf
...
FONT=sun12x22

Graphics

MacBook Pro with integrated Intel graphics and no discrete GPU are supported out of the box. See Intel graphics for additional details and configuration options.

Versions which include a discrete Nvidia GPU should need additional configuration:

  • MacBook Pro 11,3:
    • nvidia drivers work, see NVIDIA or Nouveau. In case you use the proprietary driver, see the following link [1] for additional details.
    • It is possible to configure the integrated intel GPU, provided you are using GRUB as your bootloader of choice. See below for details
  • MacBook Pro 11,5
    • The xf86-video-nouveau package seems to be stable. Switching to VTs and back works fine from MATE and GNOME. SOmetimes Chromium causes a "kernele rejected pixbuf" error which freezes the desktop.
    • The nvidia-dkms driver has been crashing a lot.
    • The nvidia driver seems to be super stable, but GNOME desktop won't like to start, showing you a "Oh no! Something has gone wrong" message. Cinnamon Desktop is buttery smooth with the nvidia driver, and if you want your GNOME desktop, you can run `gnome-shell --relace &` while in cinnamon desktop to switch to Gnome Shell as a workaround.

Getting the integrated intel card to work on 11,3

By default the integrated card is powered off. To fix this we need a grub function called "apple_set_os". This function has not officially been merged yet, so we need to build grub ourselves. Download the grub-gitAUR package from the AUR. Using something like:

$ packer -G grub-git
$ cd grub-git

Get the patch from here: http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/grub-devel/2013-12/msg00442.html

Put the patch contents into a file labeled something like "apple.patch"

Add this patch to your PKGBUILD and run:

$ makepkg -si

Reboot into OS X and download gfxCardStatus v2.2.1 (newer versions do not work properly) run the app and specify the integrated card.

Reboot and at the grub prompt type 'c' to get into console, followed by "apple_set_os" at the prompt.

You should now be able to install xf86-video-intel and get your card running.

Note that the HDMI port and MiniDP are soldered to the nvidia card meaning that to run external displays you need to use the dedicated card.

Alternative method to disable NVIDIA card

While the above method for switching graphics works, there is a more effective method that does not require the use of gfxCardStatus or a patched GRUB installation (but it can be used if desired).

First, the Intel GPU will not function without a patch called apple_set_os. You can either use a patched GRUB (as seen above) or use the apple_set_os.efi patch via rEFInd or chainload it via GRUB, the EFI patch can be download here, https://github.com/0xbb/apple_set_os.efi, this tricks the machine into thinking that it is booting a Mac OS X installation, making the hardware behave as such, allowing the Intel GPU to be used. rEFInd should automatically detect the patch as described on the application page. This will need to be loaded before each boot of Arch or else the Intel GPU will not function, to load it automatically it can be chainloaded via GRUB. Also, download and install the Intel drivers as described above.

Then you will need to download an application called gpu-switch for switching the GPU on dual MacBook Pros, it is fairly easy to use as well. It can be downloaded from here, https://github.com/0xbb/gpu-switch.

Secondly, once you have downloaded gpu-switch, extract the application to your home directory and open up a terminal emulator and cd to that directory. To switch to the Intel graphics, run gpu-switch -i as sudo, and the card will be active on reboot. Conversely, to enable the dedicated card instead, run gpu-switch -d as sudo. You must have booted with the aforementioned patch for this to work.

Next, gpu-switch will not completely power down the dedicated card. To do that, you will have to create a custom grub menuentry and compile a program that will power off the dedicated card.

To do that, please refer to the following article, MacBookPro10,x#Graphics_2.

You should now have working integrated graphics and the dedicated GPU should now power down. If you get a blank screen after doing this, wait and see what happens, if it stays blank for a prolonged period of time, try resetting the SMC, and then booting back into Arch.

I noticed that afterwards VGA switcheroo disabled the nouveau driver, if this workaround still does not work, try installing a cronjob package, and adding the following:

@reboot echo OFF > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch @reboot echo IGD > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch

I'm not sure if the vgaswitcheroo commands actually do anything, I need somebody to test this workaround and let me know how it works for them.

To see if you dedicated GPU is actually disabled, run:

# cat /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch
Note: gpu-switch has been tested only on a select few models, those being MacBookPro9,1, MacBookPro10,1, and MacBookPro11,3. Use at your own risk.

Microcode

You may need to install intel-ucode, especially if you have Nvidia drivers. Read the wiki page to learn more about Microcode.

HiDPI

See HiDPI for information on how to tweak the system for a Retina screen.

Sound

  • Headphones work
  • Speakers work (tested with kernel 4.8)

If you do not want to hear the annoying sound at system start-up, one way to get rid of it is to turn sound off while under Mac OS.

Volume keys can be made to work with xfce4-volumed (if you are using Xfce).

Also, if you are using PulseAudio, sometimes it thinks HDMI is the default sound card; to solve this problem, install pavucontrol and set Analog Stereo as the fallback device.

Touchpad

One method is to install xf86-input-synaptics and configure to your liking in /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/50-synaptics.conf:

Section "InputClass"
    MatchIsTouchpad "on"
    Identifier      "touchpad catchall"
    Driver          "synaptics"
    # 1 = left, 2 = right, 3 = middle
    Option          "TapButton1" "1"  
    Option          "TapButton2" "3"
    Option          "TapButton3" "2"
    # Palm detection
    Option          "PalmDetect" "1"
    # Horizontal scrolling
    Option "HorizTwoFingerScroll" "1"
    # Natural Scrolling (and speed)
    Option "VertScrollDelta" "-100"
    Option "HorizScrollDelta" "-100"
EndSection

Ctrl-Click as Right-Click

Using this SuperUser receipt [2] I got Ctrl-click working as right-click. I had to increase the sleep time to 0.1 though.

input-mtrack

Another method is to use xf86-input-mtrack-gitAUR. If you like to have a thumb resting on the touchpad, this driver is the right choice, because it has an option for IgnoreThumb.

With this config the touchpad behavior becomes more osx-like.

/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/00-touchpad.conf
Section "InputClass"
    MatchIsTouchpad "on"
    Identifier      "Touchpads"
    Driver          "mtrack"
    Option          "Sensitivity" "0.64"
    Option          "FingerHigh" "5"
    Option          "FingerLow" "1"
    Option          "IgnoreThumb" "true"
    Option          "IgnorePalm" "true"
    Option          "DisableOnPalm" "true"
    Option          "TapButton1" "1"
    Option          "TapButton2" "3"
    Option          "TapButton3" "2"
    Option          "TapButton4" "0"
    Option          "ClickFinger1" "1"
    Option          "ClickFinger2" "2"
    Option          "ClickFinger3" "3"
    Option          "ButtonMoveEmulate" "false"
    Option          "ButtonIntegrated" "true"
    Option          "ClickTime" "25"
    Option          "BottomEdge" "30"
    Option          "SwipeLeftButton" "8"
    Option          "SwipeRightButton" "9"
    Option          "SwipeUpButton" "0"
    Option          "SwipeDownButton" "0"
    Option          "ScrollDistance" "75"
    Option          "VertScrollDelta" "-111"
    Option          "HorizScrollDelta" "-111"
EndSection

Keyboard backlight

  • Works, see Mac#Keyboard Backlight
  • On KDE controlling the backlight with the increase or decrease brightness keys work fine, but they need upower to start before the desktop. To do this create the file /etc/systemd/system/kdm.service.d/kbd_backlight.conf with this content (you might need to create the directory as well)
[Unit]
Requires=upower.service
After=upower.service

Screen backlight

  • Intel, works on Linux 3.13
  • Framebuffer, works for MacBook Pro 11,1 and 11,3 via /sys/class/backlight/gmux_backlight/brightness.
  • Brightness in /sys/class/backlight/gmux_backlight/brightness can be modified comfortably via the gmux_backlightAUR utility without root privileges. Requires the setpci setting below.
  • Nvidia, does not work using default settings. Try adding setpci -v -H1 -s 00:01.00 BRIDGE_CONTROL=0 to /etc/rc.local.
  • AMD models may require a patched kernel for the backlight to be adjusted. The linux-macbookAUR kernel fixes this.
Note: If the screen does not show the prompt or the login manager (i.e. a black screen), append i915.invert_brightness=1 to the kernel.

Suspend

  • Works from Linux 3.13
    • It may be necessary to disable USB's wakeup ability by by echoing 'XHC1' to '/proc/acpi/wakeup' in order to prevent immediate wakeup on suspend.
  • No backlight after suspend with Linux 3.12
    • Use hibernate instead

Powersave

Disabling the internal cardreader and bluetooth controller may save battery life. When not using them, create the following udev rules:

/etc/udev/rules.d/99-apple_cardreader.rules
SUBSYSTEMS=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="05ac", ATTRS{idProduct}=="8406", RUN+="/usr/local/sbin/remove_ignore_usb-device.sh 05ac 8406"
/etc/udev/rules.d/99-apple_broadcom_bcm2046_bluetooth.rules
SUBSYSTEMS=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="05ac", ATTRS{idProduct}=="8289", RUN+="/usr/local/sbin/remove_ignore_usb-device.sh 05ac 8289"
SUBSYSTEMS=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="0a5c", ATTRS{idProduct}=="4500", RUN+="/usr/local/sbin/remove_ignore_usb-device.sh 0a5c 4500"

As udev's OPTIONS=="ignore_device" may not work reliably, the above rules use a script to manually remove the usb device from /sys/bus/usb/devices/.

If battery life is not satisfactory, it may help to use power saving utilities, such as tlp, and/or powertop from the official repositories. To better optimize battery life, TLP also has a configuration file located at /etc/default/tlp that you can edit to suit your machine. For more information, visit the wiki pages for these tools, TLP and Powertop, respectively.

SD Card Reader

  • Disappears sporadically after suspend as of Linux 3.18. Workaround is to create /etc/modprobe.d/xhci-reset-on-suspend.conf with:
  # Reset XHCI USB devices on suspend/resume, fixes SD Card reader vanishing after suspend 
  options xhci_hcd quirks=0x80

Note: As of Linux 3.18.6-1 (and possibly earlier versions post-3.18), this fix may not be needed and might cause issues ranging from failed suspend to the SD card not being recognized at all. Test with and without the fix to determine which works best for you.

Repurpose the power key

By default systemd handles the rMBPs power key as defined in /etc/systemd/logind.conf. By setting

   HandlePowerKey=ignore

systemd ignores power key events.

Now the power key can be repurposed as keycode 124. For example in i3 conf:

   bindcode 124 ...

Web cam

A reverse engineered driver is being developed here: https://github.com/patjak/bcwc_pcie/ . It is marked experimental, but basic functionality seems to be working. Install bcwc-pcie-dkmsAUR or bcwc-pcie-gitAUR.

What does not work

Updated 2016-07-21

General

Wi-Fi

Backlight keys / Suspend support

linux-macbookAUR is an AUR package created specifically for MacBook laptops that includes patches for these issues, as well fixing powering off correctly and CPU frequency scaling with the intel_pstate driver.

Discussions

See also