Difference between revisions of "MacBookPro8,1/8,2/8,3 (2011)"

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Line 1: Line 1:
 
[[Category:Apple]]
 
[[Category:Apple]]
 +
{{Article summary start}}
 +
{{Article summary text|Details the installation and configuration of Arch Linux on Apple's MacBook Pro 8,1/8,2/8,3}}
 +
{{Article summary heading|Related}}
 +
{{Article summary wiki|MacBook}}
 +
{{Article summary wiki|MacBookPro}}
 +
{{Article summary wiki|MacBook_Pro_7,1}}
 +
{{Article summary wiki|MacBook_Pro_8,1_/_8,2_/_8,3_(2011_Macbook_Pro)}}
 +
{{Article summary wiki|MacBook_Pro_9,2_(Mid-2012)}}
 +
{{Article summary end}}
 +
 
discuss at https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=1021706
 
discuss at https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=1021706
  
== Installation CD ==  
+
== Installation ==
  
Use the latest Arch Installation Image from here: http://www.archlinux.org/download/
+
Use the latest Arch Installation Image from here: https://www.archlinux.org/download/
  
== Network ==  
+
=== EFI Boot ===
  
===Wireless:===
+
Consult [[UEFI]]
  
====For 3.1 Kernel:====
+
{{Warning|efibootmgr may brick your Mac firmware.}}
  
Install {{aur|b43-firmware}} from the [[AUR]].
+
radeon driver which only loads properly on Macs in BIOS emulation mode, problem description and possible solution [https://bugs.freedesktop.org/show_bug.cgi?id=26891 here].
  
download the latest package from http://linuxwireless.org/download/compat-wireless-2.6/
+
'''8,1'''
  
  $ cd compat-wireless-2011-10-09
+
Tested on macbook pro 8.1 . Forum thread: [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=136833&p=1]
  $ scripts/driver-select b43
+
  $ make
+
  $ sudo make install
+
  $ sudo make wlunload
+
  $ sudo rmmod bcma
+
  $ modprobe b43
+
  # it should work.
+
  
add 'blacklist bcma' to '/etc/modprobe.d/modprobe.conf'
+
Add following to Kernel Parameters.  
  
Note that after every kernel update you will have to recompile the module for the new kernel:
+
  i915.i915_enable_rc6=1 i915.i915_enable_fbc=1 i915.lvds_downclock=1 usbcore.autosuspend=1 h
  
  $ cd compat-wireless-2011-10-09
+
'''8,2 and 8,3'''
  $ make clean
+
  $ make
+
  $ sudo make install
+
  
more see https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=129849
+
While using EFI Boot, you will find
  
====For 3.2 Kernel:====
+
  radeon 0000:01:00.0: >Invalid ROM contents
 +
  i915 0000:00:02.0: Invalid ROM contents
  
Install {{aur|compat-wireless-patched}} and {{aur|b43-firmware}} packages from the [[AUR]].  
+
Which means you need disable KMS for amd and intel card. Add following to Kernel Parameters.  
Unload bcma module and load b43 module
+
  
{{bc|
+
  i915.modeset=0 radeon.modeset=0
# rmmod bcma
+
# modprobe b43}}
+
That's it. The wireless should work now.
+
  
====For 3.3 Kernel:====  
+
newer versions of the Xorg Intel/i915 driver require KMS to work; without it the X server will fallback to framebuffer mode, with poor performance. The underlying issue is that the Intel KMS driver selects the wrong video output; to fix this try the following settings (tested on an 8,3/17" MBP):
 +
 
 +
  radeon.modeset=0 i915.modeset=1 i915.lvds_channel_mode=2
 +
 
 +
This should give you Intel graphics output. Note that this requires kernel 3.5rc1 or higher; use linux-mainline from Aur if necessary. See [https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=42842 this bug] for more details.
 +
 
 +
If you don't have KMS for intel driver, you need install 'xf86-video-fbdev'
 +
 
 +
  # pacman -S  xf86-video-intel and xf86-video-fbdev
 +
 
 +
If Xorg refuses to start with a "no screens found" message you may have to tell Grub2 to turn off the Radeon card and turn on the Intel card during boot.  Edit /etc/grub.d/00_header and add the "outb" lines immediately after "set gfxmode=" (Tested on an 8,2 MBP):
 +
 
 +
  ...
 +
  set gfxmode=${GRUB_GFXMODE}
 +
  outb 0x728 1
 +
  outb 0x710 2
 +
  outb 0x740 2
 +
  outb 0x750 0
 +
  load video
 +
  ...
 +
 
 +
Then regenerate your grub.cfg:
 +
 
 +
  # grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
 +
 
 +
==== Using rEFInd and Kernel EFISTUB ====
 +
 
 +
'''Install rEFInd'''
 +
 
 +
Consult [http://www.rodsbooks.com/refind/installing.html Installing rEFInd]
 +
 
 +
Boot into Mac OS X
 +
 
 +
  # mkdir -p /efi/refind
 +
  # cp -r refind/* /efi/refind/
 +
  # rm /efi/refind/refind_ia32.efi
 +
  # mv /efi/refind/refind.conf-sample /efi/refind/refind.conf and adjust it
 +
  # bless --setBoot --folder /efi/refind --file /efi/refind/refind_x64.efi
 +
 
 +
'''Setting up EFISTUB'''
 +
 
 +
Follow [[UEFI Bootloaders#Linux Kernel EFISTUB]]
 +
 
 +
'''Add Kernel MODULES'''
 +
 
 +
Without this, you will get 'root fs not found' error.
 +
 
 +
Edit /etc/mkinitcpio.conf
 +
 
 +
  MODULES="..ahci libahci.."
 +
 
 +
Then re-generate the boot img:
 +
 
 +
  # mkinitcpio -p linux
 +
 
 +
=== BIOS Boot ===
 +
 
 +
Boot into BIOS emulation mode. AMD card works, but intel card doesn't.
 +
 
 +
Use refind to load grub-legacy.
 +
 
 +
== Network ==
 +
 
 +
===Wireless:===
 +
{{Note|need Kernel 3.3 or later}}
  
 
Install {{aur|b43-firmware}} package from the [[AUR]].  
 
Install {{aur|b43-firmware}} package from the [[AUR]].  
Line 76: Line 137:
  
 
Two finger scrolling and left-click works out of the box. Unfortunately the right-click is not functional.
 
Two finger scrolling and left-click works out of the box. Unfortunately the right-click is not functional.
 +
 +
'''14/09/2012 : right click (2 fingers) and middle click (3 fingers) works out of the box with KDE.'''
  
 
To enable most of the multitouch touchpad features (even right and middle clik) use [https://github.com/BlueDragonX/xf86-input-mtrack mtrack], which is avaible in [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=48505 AUR]. The configuration is done via the /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/10-mtrack.conf file. Check if the mtrack module is properly loaded in the /var/log/Xorg.0.log file. Sometimes xorg loads other drivers before, like eg. synpatics, and the mtrack driver is not used at all.
 
To enable most of the multitouch touchpad features (even right and middle clik) use [https://github.com/BlueDragonX/xf86-input-mtrack mtrack], which is avaible in [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=48505 AUR]. The configuration is done via the /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/10-mtrack.conf file. Check if the mtrack module is properly loaded in the /var/log/Xorg.0.log file. Sometimes xorg loads other drivers before, like eg. synpatics, and the mtrack driver is not used at all.
 +
 +
For an MBP 8,3 I needed to use the following config (in /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/10-mtrack.conf) to stop it picking up other input devices by mistake:
 +
 +
Section "InputClass"
 +
  Identifier "Multitouch Touchpad"
 +
  Driver "mtrack"
 +
  MatchDevicePath "/dev/input/event*"
 +
  MatchProduct "bcm5974"
 +
  MatchIsTouchpad "true"
 +
EndSection
  
 
== Video & Screen ==
 
== Video & Screen ==
Line 89: Line 162:
 
  xbacklight -inc 7 # increase brightness
 
  xbacklight -inc 7 # increase brightness
 
  xbacklight -dec 7 # decrease brightness
 
  xbacklight -dec 7 # decrease brightness
 +
 +
or you can use a simple bash script that provides screen and keyboard backlight management by simple cli (-d for display / -k for keyboard)
 +
 +
#!/bin/bash
 +
case $1 in
 +
        -d|--display)
 +
            if [ "$2" != "0" ]
 +
                then
 +
                    echo "$[(($2 * 4882) / 100) % 4883]" > /sys/class/backlight/intel_backlight/brightness
 +
            fi;;
 +
        -k|--keyboard)
 +
            echo "$[(($2 * 255) / 100) % 256]" > /sys/class/leds/smc\:\:kbd_backlight/brightness;;
 +
        -h|--help)
 +
            echo -e "MacBook 8.1 brightness helper\n\t-d\tset display brightness (0-100%)\n\t-k\tset keyboard brightness (0-100%)\n";;
 +
        *)
 +
            echo -e "Unknown option try -h or --help";;
 +
esac
 +
 +
save it in
 +
 +
/usr/bin/macbackl
 +
 +
mark executable
 +
 +
# chown +x /usr/bin/macbackl
 +
 +
 +
for usage, run
 +
 +
# macbackl --help
 +
 +
NOTE: you must be root to edit the files in /sys/class/* but if you want you can chown "/sys/class/leds/smc\:\:kbd_backlight/brightness" and "/sys/class/backlight/intel_backlight/brightness"
  
 
'''15-inch and 17-inch'''
 
'''15-inch and 17-inch'''
Line 94: Line 199:
 
AMD Radeon HD 6490M: Unknown
 
AMD Radeon HD 6490M: Unknown
  
AMD Radeon HD 6750M: works with xf86-video-ati
+
AMD Radeon HD 6750M and 6770M: works with xf86-video-ati
  
 
Adjust Brightness: install AUR package {{aur|apple-bl-gmux}} and reboot system.
 
Adjust Brightness: install AUR package {{aur|apple-bl-gmux}} and reboot system.
Line 105: Line 210:
  
 
   $ alsamixer # unmute 'Front Speaker' and 'Surround Speaker'
 
   $ alsamixer # unmute 'Front Speaker' and 'Surround Speaker'
 +
 +
'''8,3'''
 +
 +
Using [[PulseAudio]] sound works out of the box. However some applications (e.g. [[Vlc]]) have intermittent crackling; appending 'tsched=0' to 'module-udev-detect' in /etc/pulse/default.pa fixes this.
  
 
== Suspend & Hibernate ==  
 
== Suspend & Hibernate ==  
 +
 +
Consulte [[Suspend and Hibernate]].
  
 
'''8,1'''
 
'''8,1'''
Line 116: Line 227:
  
 
Without this, system hangs after the machine wakes up and tries to reconnect to the wireless network.
 
Without this, system hangs after the machine wakes up and tries to reconnect to the wireless network.
 +
 +
'''8,2'''
 +
 +
BIOS Boot: using linux >= 3.6.2, supend and resume works out-of-the-box.
 +
 +
EFI Boot: resume may not work.
 +
 +
'''8,3'''
 +
 +
Supend and resume work out of the box, including wireless reconnection.
  
 
== HFS+ ==
 
== HFS+ ==
Line 145: Line 266:
 
Test to see if it works
 
Test to see if it works
 
  $ mplayer tv:// -tv driver=v4l2:width=640:height=480:device=/dev/video0 -fps 15 -vf screenshot
 
  $ mplayer tv:// -tv driver=v4l2:width=640:height=480:device=/dev/video0 -fps 15 -vf screenshot
 +
 +
=== With linux-mainline ===
 +
 +
As noted elsewhere in this document, some MBP features work best (or only) with the latest kernel; the usual way to install this is using the [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=50893 linux-mainline] AUR package. However, as of 3.6.rc3 the config for linux-mainline disables webcam support (due to changed defaults in kernel). [http://pastebin.com/WbYpPrg1 This patch] to the x86_64 config fixes this issue.
  
 
== Others that works-out-of-the-box ==
 
== Others that works-out-of-the-box ==
  
 
* Sensors
 
* Sensors
 
== Efi Booting without bootmanager (Efistub) ==
 
 
{{Warning|efibootmgr may brick your Mac firmware.}}
 
 
Tested on macbook pro 8.1 . Forum thread: [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=136833&p=1]
 
 
Follow [[UEFI_Bootloaders#Linux_Kernel_EFISTUB]]. Use the following kernel parameters
 
 
i915.i915_enable_rc6=1 i915.i915_enable_fbc=1 i915.lvds_downclock=1 usbcore.autosuspend=1 hpet=force
 
  
 
== Troubleshooting ==
 
== Troubleshooting ==
Line 174: Line 289:
 
  radeon.modeset=0 i915.modeset=1 i915.lvds_channel_mode=2
 
  radeon.modeset=0 i915.modeset=1 i915.lvds_channel_mode=2
  
This should give you Intel graphics output. You may find you need to enable the Intel device; if using Grub, the following should enable it at boot time:
+
This should give you Intel graphics output. Note that this requires kernel 3.5rc1 or higher; use linux-mainline from Aur if necessary. See [https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=42842 this bug] for more details.
 +
 
 +
You may find you need to enable the Intel device; if using Grub, the following should enable it at boot time:
  
 
  set gfxpayload=keep
 
  set gfxpayload=keep

Revision as of 04:01, 11 April 2013

Summary help replacing me
Details the installation and configuration of Arch Linux on Apple's MacBook Pro 8,1/8,2/8,3
Related
MacBook
MacBookPro
MacBook_Pro_7,1
MacBook_Pro_8,1_/_8,2_/_8,3_(2011_Macbook_Pro)
MacBook_Pro_9,2_(Mid-2012)

discuss at https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=1021706

Installation

Use the latest Arch Installation Image from here: https://www.archlinux.org/download/

EFI Boot

Consult UEFI

Warning: efibootmgr may brick your Mac firmware.

radeon driver which only loads properly on Macs in BIOS emulation mode, problem description and possible solution here.

8,1

Tested on macbook pro 8.1 . Forum thread: [1]

Add following to Kernel Parameters.

 i915.i915_enable_rc6=1 i915.i915_enable_fbc=1 i915.lvds_downclock=1 usbcore.autosuspend=1 h

8,2 and 8,3

While using EFI Boot, you will find

 radeon 0000:01:00.0: >Invalid ROM contents
 i915 0000:00:02.0: Invalid ROM contents

Which means you need disable KMS for amd and intel card. Add following to Kernel Parameters.

 i915.modeset=0 radeon.modeset=0

newer versions of the Xorg Intel/i915 driver require KMS to work; without it the X server will fallback to framebuffer mode, with poor performance. The underlying issue is that the Intel KMS driver selects the wrong video output; to fix this try the following settings (tested on an 8,3/17" MBP):

 radeon.modeset=0 i915.modeset=1 i915.lvds_channel_mode=2

This should give you Intel graphics output. Note that this requires kernel 3.5rc1 or higher; use linux-mainline from Aur if necessary. See this bug for more details.

If you don't have KMS for intel driver, you need install 'xf86-video-fbdev'

 # pacman -S  xf86-video-intel and xf86-video-fbdev

If Xorg refuses to start with a "no screens found" message you may have to tell Grub2 to turn off the Radeon card and turn on the Intel card during boot. Edit /etc/grub.d/00_header and add the "outb" lines immediately after "set gfxmode=" (Tested on an 8,2 MBP):

 ...
 set gfxmode=${GRUB_GFXMODE}
 outb 0x728 1
 outb 0x710 2
 outb 0x740 2
 outb 0x750 0
 load video
 ...

Then regenerate your grub.cfg:

 # grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg

Using rEFInd and Kernel EFISTUB

Install rEFInd

Consult Installing rEFInd

Boot into Mac OS X

 # mkdir -p /efi/refind
 # cp -r refind/* /efi/refind/
 # rm /efi/refind/refind_ia32.efi
 # mv /efi/refind/refind.conf-sample /efi/refind/refind.conf and adjust it
 # bless --setBoot --folder /efi/refind --file /efi/refind/refind_x64.efi

Setting up EFISTUB

Follow UEFI Bootloaders#Linux Kernel EFISTUB

Add Kernel MODULES

Without this, you will get 'root fs not found' error.

Edit /etc/mkinitcpio.conf

 MODULES="..ahci libahci.."

Then re-generate the boot img:

 # mkinitcpio -p linux

BIOS Boot

Boot into BIOS emulation mode. AMD card works, but intel card doesn't.

Use refind to load grub-legacy.

Network

Wireless:

Note: need Kernel 3.3 or later

Install b43-firmwareAUR package from the AUR.

Unload b43 and bcma modules and load b43 module

# rmmod b43 bcma
# modprobe b43

That's it. The wireless should work now.

Ethernet: works out-of-the-box

Bluetooth: Unkown

Keyboard & TouchPad

Keyboard:

default F1 key represents XF86MonBrightnessDown, if you want it represents to F1.

 echo 2 > /sys/module/hid_apple/parameters/fnmode
 # value 1: F1 is XF86MonBrightnessDown
 # value 2: F1 is F1, Fn + F1 is XF86MonBrightnessDown.

and put that into /etc/rc.local

Touchpad:

Two finger scrolling and left-click works out of the box. Unfortunately the right-click is not functional.

14/09/2012 : right click (2 fingers) and middle click (3 fingers) works out of the box with KDE.

To enable most of the multitouch touchpad features (even right and middle clik) use mtrack, which is avaible in AUR. The configuration is done via the /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/10-mtrack.conf file. Check if the mtrack module is properly loaded in the /var/log/Xorg.0.log file. Sometimes xorg loads other drivers before, like eg. synpatics, and the mtrack driver is not used at all.

For an MBP 8,3 I needed to use the following config (in /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/10-mtrack.conf) to stop it picking up other input devices by mistake:

Section "InputClass"
  Identifier "Multitouch Touchpad"
  Driver "mtrack"
  MatchDevicePath "/dev/input/event*"
  MatchProduct "bcm5974"
  MatchIsTouchpad "true"
EndSection

Video & Screen

13-inch

Intel HD Graphics 3000: works with xf86-video-intel

Adjust Brightness: works with xorg-xbacklight For example:

xbacklight -inc 7 # increase brightness
xbacklight -dec 7 # decrease brightness

or you can use a simple bash script that provides screen and keyboard backlight management by simple cli (-d for display / -k for keyboard)

#!/bin/bash
case $1 in
       -d|--display)
           if [ "$2" != "0" ]
               then
                   echo "$[(($2 * 4882) / 100) % 4883]" > /sys/class/backlight/intel_backlight/brightness
           fi;;
       -k|--keyboard)
           echo "$[(($2 * 255) / 100) % 256]" > /sys/class/leds/smc\:\:kbd_backlight/brightness;;
       -h|--help)
           echo -e "MacBook 8.1 brightness helper\n\t-d\tset display brightness (0-100%)\n\t-k\tset keyboard brightness (0-100%)\n";;
       *)
           echo -e "Unknown option try -h or --help";;
esac

save it in

/usr/bin/macbackl

mark executable

# chown +x /usr/bin/macbackl


for usage, run

# macbackl --help
NOTE: you must be root to edit the files in /sys/class/* but if you want you can chown "/sys/class/leds/smc\:\:kbd_backlight/brightness" and "/sys/class/backlight/intel_backlight/brightness"

15-inch and 17-inch

AMD Radeon HD 6490M: Unknown

AMD Radeon HD 6750M and 6770M: works with xf86-video-ati

Adjust Brightness: install AUR package apple-bl-gmuxAUR and reboot system.

 $ echo 34839 | sudo tee /sys/class/backlight/gmux_backlight/brightness

Sound

8,1 and 8,2

 $ alsamixer # unmute 'Front Speaker' and 'Surround Speaker'

8,3

Using PulseAudio sound works out of the box. However some applications (e.g. Vlc) have intermittent crackling; appending 'tsched=0' to 'module-udev-detect' in /etc/pulse/default.pa fixes this.

Suspend & Hibernate

Consulte Suspend and Hibernate.

8,1

For s2ram install uswsusp-git and add to file /etc/pm/config.d/module following content:

 SUSPEND_MODULES="bcma b43" 
 SLEEP_MODULE=uswsusp

Without this, system hangs after the machine wakes up and tries to reconnect to the wireless network.

8,2

BIOS Boot: using linux >= 3.6.2, supend and resume works out-of-the-box.

EFI Boot: resume may not work.

8,3

Supend and resume work out of the box, including wireless reconnection.

HFS+

HFS is mounted as Read-Only. By turning journaling off in OS X, the HFS+ file system will be read/write under Linux.

Bluetooth

I had problems pairing devices, nothing was detected with

hcitool scan

There seems to be a conflict between the bluetooth module and the b43 one (wifi), as written in this blog post. The solution is to do the following:

# rmmod b43

pair your bluetooth device

# modprobe b43

Alternative solution

Create /etc/modprobe.d/b43.conf with the following content:

options b43 btcoex=0

Webcam

In order to use your webcam you need to have permission to use /dev/video0.

# gpasswd -a <username> video

Test to see if it works

$ mplayer tv:// -tv driver=v4l2:width=640:height=480:device=/dev/video0 -fps 15 -vf screenshot

With linux-mainline

As noted elsewhere in this document, some MBP features work best (or only) with the latest kernel; the usual way to install this is using the linux-mainline AUR package. However, as of 3.6.rc3 the config for linux-mainline disables webcam support (due to changed defaults in kernel). This patch to the x86_64 config fixes this issue.

Others that works-out-of-the-box

  • Sensors

Troubleshooting

Grub2-EFI boot: Intel invalid ROM contents

If you see this error on boot and notice the screen output seemingly frozen, you need to disable KMS.

Append the following to your /etc/grub/defaults LINUX line:

i915.modeset=0 radeon.modeset=0

However, newer versions of the Xorg Intel/i915 driver require KMS to work; without it the X server will fallback to framebuffer mode, with poor performance. The underlying issue is that the Intel KMS driver selects the wrong video output; to fix this try the following settings (tested on an 8,3/17" MBP):

radeon.modeset=0 i915.modeset=1 i915.lvds_channel_mode=2

This should give you Intel graphics output. Note that this requires kernel 3.5rc1 or higher; use linux-mainline from Aur if necessary. See this bug for more details.

You may find you need to enable the Intel device; if using Grub, the following should enable it at boot time:

set gfxpayload=keep
# Switch gmux to IGD
outb 0x728 1
outb 0x710 2
outb 0x740 2

Alternatively, if you have OS X available you can use gfxCardStatus to switch to the Intel device before booting into Linux.

Grub2-EFI boot: root fs not found

On boot, grub2-efi may complain that no root fs is found. This is due to the ahci modules being improperly loaded.

chroot into the installed Arch system. Then edit the /etc/mkinitcpio.conf MODULES array:

MODULES="..ahci libahci.."

Then re-generate the boot img:

mkinitcpio -p linux