Difference between revisions of "Mailman"

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(Apache)
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=== Apache ===
 
=== Apache ===
''Please dump your configuration here.''
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 +
<pre>
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<IfModule alias_module>
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    ScriptAlias /mailman/ "/usr/lib/mailman/cgi-bin/"
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</IfModule>
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<Directory "/usr/lib/mailman/cgi-bin/">
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    AllowOverride None
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    Options Indexes FollowSymlinks ExecCGI
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    Order allow,deny
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    Allow from all
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</Directory>
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</pre>
  
 
== Post Configuration ==
 
== Post Configuration ==

Revision as of 19:58, 27 April 2012

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Mailman is an application for managing electronic mailing lists. Normally you will use it along a mail server and also a web server too; for the first you may pick one between Postfix, Exim, Sendmail and Qmail —if you are unsure about which one to use, Postfix is a very good choice—; as for the latter, any web server is useful, common options are Apache, Lighttpd and Nginx. (These three pieces not necessarily shall run on the same computer.)

Only the Mailman installation will be covered in this article. You can refer to the correspondent wiki pages to learn how to install the mail and web servers.

For this guide we are going to suppose that you are using a machine called "arch" and you want to setup mailing lists for the organizations "a", "b" and "c", with example domains "a.org", "b.org" and "c.org" that point to "arch". For each domain,

  • Mailman's web interface will be accessible from lists.[organization_name].org and
  • the lists' archives under lists.[organization_name].org/archives.
  • Lists addresses will look like [list_name]@[organization_name].org.

A caveat: you can use a Mailman installation to manage lists for several domains, but two lists cannot have the same name even though its domains are different!

Mailman Installation

# pacman -S mailman

Mailman configuration

The content of /etc/mailman/mm_cfg.py varies depending on the chosen mail server.

The full set of configuration defaults lives in the /usr/lib/mailman/Mailman/Defaults.py file, however you should never modify this file! Instead, change the mm_cfg.py file; you only need to add values to mm_cfg.py that are different than the defaults in Defaults.py. (Future Mailman upgrades are guaranteed never to touch your mm_cfg.py file.)

Postfix integration

MTA = 'Postfix'

DEFAULT_EMAIL_HOST = 'a.org'
DEFAULT_URL_HOST = 'lists.a.org'

VIRTUAL_HOSTS.clear()
add_virtualhost(DEFAULT_URL_HOST, DEFAULT_EMAIL_HOST)
add_virtualhost('lists.b.org', 'b.org')
add_virtualhost('lists.c.org', 'c.org')

POSTFIX_STYLE_VIRTUAL_DOMAINS = ['a.org', 'b.org', 'c.org']

DEFAULT_URL_PATTERN = 'http://%s/'
PUBLIC_ARCHIVE_URL = 'http://%(hostname)s/archives/%(listname)s'

Once you have edited the configuration file, run

# /usr/lib/mailman/bin/genaliases

to generate an aliases file that Postfix needs.

Exim integration

MTA = 'None'

DEFAULT_EMAIL_HOST = 'a.org'
DEFAULT_URL_HOST = 'lists.a.org'

VIRTUAL_HOSTS.clear()
add_virtualhost(DEFAULT_URL_HOST, DEFAULT_EMAIL_HOST)
add_virtualhost('lists.b.org', 'b.org')
add_virtualhost('lists.c.org', 'c.org')

DEFAULT_URL_PATTERN = 'http://%s/'
PUBLIC_ARCHIVE_URL = 'http://%(hostname)s/archives/%(listname)s'

Mail Server Configuration

Note: Ensure your domain name server (DNS) setup. For mail delivery on the internet, your DNS must be correct. An MX record should point to the mail host. More info about DNS is beyond the scope of this document.

Postfix

For installing and configuring this mail server, see Postfix. (If you will be using Postfix just for Mailman, its setup is much simpler: ignore all the mailbox and database stuff.)

/etc/postfix/main.cf should have the following fields and values:

myhostname = arch.a.org
mydomain = a.org
myorigin = $mydomain
mydestination = localhost, a.org, b.org, c.org
mynetworks_style = host

alias_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/aliases, hash:/var/lib/mailman/data/aliases
alias_database = $alias_maps
virtual_alias_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/virtual, hash:/var/lib/mailman/data/virtual-mailman

recipient_delimiter = +

Exim

Please dump your configuration here.

Web Server Configuration

Nginx

For installing and configuring this web server, see Nginx.

/etc/nginx/conf/nginx.conf should include the following configuration per domain (example for a.org):

server {
  server_name lists.a.org;
  root /usr/lib/mailman/cgi-bin;

  location = / {
    rewrite ^ /listinfo permanent;
  }

  location / {
    fastcgi_split_path_info ^(/[^/]*)(/.*)$;
    include fastcgi_params;
    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME   $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    fastcgi_param PATH_INFO         $fastcgi_path_info;
    fastcgi_param PATH_TRANSLATED   $document_root$fastcgi_path_info;
    fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
    fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9001;
  }

  location /icons {
    alias /usr/lib/mailman/icons;
  }

  location /archives {
    alias /var/lib/mailman/archives/public;
    autoindex on;
  }

}

Lighttpd

Please dump your configuration here.

Apache

<IfModule alias_module>
    ScriptAlias /mailman/ "/usr/lib/mailman/cgi-bin/"
</IfModule>

<Directory "/usr/lib/mailman/cgi-bin/">
    AllowOverride None
    Options Indexes FollowSymlinks ExecCGI
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
</Directory>

Post Configuration

Site-wide mailing list

To create this specific list requested by Mailman for its proper operation (between other things, it is used for password reminders), run

# /usr/lib/mailman/bin/newlist mailman

. This will create a list called "mailman" under the default domain (mailman@a.org in the example). You do not have to do it for the other domains (i.e. b.org and c.org).

Later you should also subscribe yourself to the site list.

Set up cron

Several Mailman features occur on a regular schedule, so you must set up cron to run the right programs at the right time.

# cd /usr/lib/mailman/cron/
# crontab -u mailman crontab.in

Start Mailman

You can run

# rc.d start mailman

or do

# /etc/rc.d/mailman start

(it is the same). Although you can try —just for the first time—

# /usr/lib/mailman/bin/mailmanctl start

, which is more verbose and can help you troubleshooting.

Then, do not forget to modify your /etc/rc.conf so Mailman starts at boot.

DAEMONS=(... mailman)

Create a password

There are two type of passwords that you can create from the command line. The first is the "general password" which can be used anywhere a password is required in the system. The site password will get you into the administration page for any list, and it can be used to log in as any user.

The second password is a site-wide "list creator" password. You can use this to delegate the ability to create new mailing lists without providing all the privileges of the site password. Of course, the owner of the site password can also create new mailing lists, but the list creator password is limited to just that special role.

To set the general password, use this command:

# /usr/lib/mailman/bin/mmsitepass <general-password>

. To set the list creator password, this:

# /usr/lib/mailman/bin/mmsitepass -c <list-creator-password>

It is okay not to set a list creator password, but you probably do want a general password.

Using Mailman

To administrate your lists (create and configure lists, manage users, etcetera) use the web interface; remember that each domain has its own.

For example, the URL of organization "a" would be lists.a.org.

Mailman can be also managed by command-line.

Troubleshooting

You should check that your installation has all the correct permissions and group ownerships by running the check_perms script:

# /usr/lib/mailman/bin/check_perms

. If it reports problems, then you can either fix them manually or use the same program to fix them (probably the easiest solution):

# /usr/lib/mailman/bin/check_perms -f

. Repeat previous steps until no more errors are reported!

Postfix

Make sure that the files in /var/lib/mailman/data/

  • aliases.db,
  • aliases,
  • virtual-mailman,
  • virtual-mailman.db,

are user and group owned by mailman and that are group writable.

External Links