Difference between revisions of "Mathematica"

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(Beginnings of tutorial for setting up Mathematica)
 
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[[Category:Mathematics and science]]
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[[it:Mathematica]]
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{{stub}}
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{{Article summary start}}
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{{Article summary text|Mathematica is a commercial program used in scientific, engineering and mathematical fields. Here we explain how to install it.}}
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{{Article summary heading|Related}}
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{{Article summary wiki|Scientific Applications}}
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{{Article summary wiki|Sage-mathematics}}
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{{Article summary wiki|Matlab}}
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{{Article summary heading|Resources}}
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{{Article summary link|Official site|http://www.wolfram.com/mathematica/}}
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{{Article summary link|Official Support|http://www.wolfram.com/support/}}
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{{Article summary end}}
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{{Accuracy|Many informations here may be outdated.}}
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== Installation ==
 
== Installation ==
=== Mounting iso ===
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One way to mount the Mathematica .iso is to create '''/media/iso''' and add the following line to the fstab:
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=== Mathematica 6 ===
  /<location/of/mathematica.iso> /media/iso iso9660 exec,ro,user,noauto,loop=/dev/loop0  0 0
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==== Mounting iso ====
 +
 
 +
One way to mount the Mathematica .iso is to create ''/media/iso'' and add the following line to the fstab:
 +
  /''location/of/mathematica.iso'' /media/iso iso9660 exec,ro,user,noauto,loop=/dev/loop0  0 0
 
Now you can mount it with:
 
Now you can mount it with:
 
  mount /media/iso
 
  mount /media/iso
=== Running the Installer ==
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==== Running the Installer ====
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You can start the installer by navigating to:
 
You can start the installer by navigating to:
 
  /Unix/Installer
 
  /Unix/Installer
Run ./MathInstaller with:
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Run ''MathInstaller'' with:
 
  sh ./MathInstaller
 
  sh ./MathInstaller
{{Box Note|If you do not place the '''sh''' in front, then you will get an error about a bad interpreter}}
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{{Note|If you do not place the "sh" in front, then you will get an error about a bad interpreter.}}
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==== Fonts ====
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Add the directories containing Type1 and BDF fonts to your FontPath.
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==== Troubleshooting ====
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If you have font rendering problems where certain symbols do not show up (i.e. "/" appears as a square), try uninstalling {{Pkg|font-mathematica}}.
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Also, try [http://mathematica.stackexchange.com/questions/1158/invisible-conjugate-glyph-in-the-linux-frontend this] solution.
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=== Mathematica 7 ===
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Mathematica 7 is much easier to install.
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tar xf Mathematica-7.0.1.tar.gz
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cd Unix/Installer
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./MathInstaller
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Follow instructions.
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For KDE users, the Mathematica icon may appear in the ''Lost & Found'' category. To solve this, execute the following as root:
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# ln -s /etc/xdg/menus/applications-merged /etc/xdg/menus/kde-applications-merged
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=== Mathematica 8.0.4.0 ===
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On 64-bit machines, two known issues are present; but solutions are provided.
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The second issue is present on 64-bit installs: but not yet confirmed on a 32-bit arch setup.
 +
 
 +
The first issue assumes you are trying to use nVidia, CUDA and OpenCL libraries within Mathematica.
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The 64-bit archlinux nVidia and opencl driver packages install libraries in {{ic|/usr/lib}}, not in {{ic|/usr/lib64}} as does nVidia's binary installer. This is not a problem: {{ic|/usr/lib}} is the correct location for 64-bit libraries on a 64-bit arch system. However, a 64-bit install of Mathematica will assume the drivers are installed in {{ic|/usr/lib64}}; other distributions that Mathematica has been tested on have their drivers in that location. The easiest method to overcome this is to make a symlink from {{ic|/usr/lib64}} to {{ic|/usr/lib}}. Mathematica will be able to find nVidia, CUDA, and OpenCL libraries this way without further tweaking.
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A second, separate but partial solution, is to set the following environment variables:
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export NVIDIA_DRIVER_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/libnvidia-tls.so
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export CUDA_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/libcuda.so
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This second method, however, still will not permit Mathematica to find the OpenCL libraries in {{ic|/usr/local}} as Mathematica seems hardwired to find them in {{ic|/usr/lib64}}.
  
== Fonts ==
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The second issue with Mathematica 8 in 64-bit archlinux (may also affect 32-bit environments; but not tested) is a reproducible crash when performing WolframAlpha[] functions. By default, Mathematica is configured to detect the system's proxy settings when configuring how to connect to the internet to fetch data. A "bug" exists that will eventually crash Mathematica when the calling library is used. A workaround is to avoid this library call altogether by configuring Mathematica to "directly connect" to the internet. (''Edit > Preferences > Internet Connectivity > Proxy Settings''). This bug has been reported to Wolfram.
Add the directories containing Type1 and BDF fonts to your FontPath.  
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=== Mathematica 9 ===
  
----
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[[pacman|Install]] {{AUR|mathematica}} from the [[AUR]]. The ''Mathematica_9.0.1_LINUX.sh'' installation script is required.
== References ==
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[http://reference.wolfram.com/mathematica/tutorial/InstallingMathematicaOnUnixAndLinux.html Official Installation documentation for Mathematica 6]
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Revision as of 16:14, 8 September 2013

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Notes: please use the first argument of the template to provide more detailed indications. (Discuss in Talk:Mathematica#)
Template:Article summary start

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Reason: Many informations here may be outdated. (Discuss in Talk:Mathematica#)

Installation

Mathematica 6

Mounting iso

One way to mount the Mathematica .iso is to create /media/iso and add the following line to the fstab:

/location/of/mathematica.iso /media/iso iso9660 exec,ro,user,noauto,loop=/dev/loop0   0 0

Now you can mount it with:

mount /media/iso

Running the Installer

You can start the installer by navigating to:

/Unix/Installer

Run MathInstaller with:

sh ./MathInstaller
Note: If you do not place the "sh" in front, then you will get an error about a bad interpreter.

Fonts

Add the directories containing Type1 and BDF fonts to your FontPath.

Troubleshooting

If you have font rendering problems where certain symbols do not show up (i.e. "/" appears as a square), try uninstalling font-mathematica.

Also, try this solution.

Mathematica 7

Mathematica 7 is much easier to install.

tar xf Mathematica-7.0.1.tar.gz
cd Unix/Installer
./MathInstaller

Follow instructions.

For KDE users, the Mathematica icon may appear in the Lost & Found category. To solve this, execute the following as root:

# ln -s /etc/xdg/menus/applications-merged /etc/xdg/menus/kde-applications-merged

Mathematica 8.0.4.0

On 64-bit machines, two known issues are present; but solutions are provided. The second issue is present on 64-bit installs: but not yet confirmed on a 32-bit arch setup.

The first issue assumes you are trying to use nVidia, CUDA and OpenCL libraries within Mathematica.

The 64-bit archlinux nVidia and opencl driver packages install libraries in /usr/lib, not in /usr/lib64 as does nVidia's binary installer. This is not a problem: /usr/lib is the correct location for 64-bit libraries on a 64-bit arch system. However, a 64-bit install of Mathematica will assume the drivers are installed in /usr/lib64; other distributions that Mathematica has been tested on have their drivers in that location. The easiest method to overcome this is to make a symlink from /usr/lib64 to /usr/lib. Mathematica will be able to find nVidia, CUDA, and OpenCL libraries this way without further tweaking.

A second, separate but partial solution, is to set the following environment variables:

export NVIDIA_DRIVER_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/libnvidia-tls.so
export CUDA_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/libcuda.so

This second method, however, still will not permit Mathematica to find the OpenCL libraries in /usr/local as Mathematica seems hardwired to find them in /usr/lib64.

The second issue with Mathematica 8 in 64-bit archlinux (may also affect 32-bit environments; but not tested) is a reproducible crash when performing WolframAlpha[] functions. By default, Mathematica is configured to detect the system's proxy settings when configuring how to connect to the internet to fetch data. A "bug" exists that will eventually crash Mathematica when the calling library is used. A workaround is to avoid this library call altogether by configuring Mathematica to "directly connect" to the internet. (Edit > Preferences > Internet Connectivity > Proxy Settings). This bug has been reported to Wolfram.

Mathematica 9

Install mathematicaAUR from the AUR. The Mathematica_9.0.1_LINUX.sh installation script is required.