# Difference between revisions of "Mathematica"

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[[Category:Mathematics and science]] | [[Category:Mathematics and science]] | ||

[[it:Mathematica]] | [[it:Mathematica]] | ||

− | + | [[ja:Mathematica]] | |

− | {{ | + | {{Related articles start}} |

− | {{ | + | {{Related|Scientific Applications}} |

− | + | {{Related|Sage-mathematics}} | |

− | + | {{Related|Matlab}} | |

− | {{ | + | {{Related articles end}} |

− | {{ | + | |

− | {{ | + | [http://www.wolfram.com/mathematica/ Mathematica] is a commercial program used in scientific, engineering and mathematical fields. Here we explain how to install it. |

− | + | ||

− | |||

− | |||

== Installation == | == Installation == | ||

+ | |||

+ | Since Mathematica is a non-free application and upgrades may incur costs, this section lists instructions for different available versions. | ||

+ | |||

=== Mathematica 6 === | === Mathematica 6 === | ||

+ | |||

==== Mounting iso ==== | ==== Mounting iso ==== | ||

− | One way to mount the Mathematica .iso is to create | + | |

− | / | + | One way to mount the Mathematica {{ic|.iso}} is to create a {{ic|/media/iso}} mount directory and add the following line to the [[fstab]]: |

+ | /''location/of/mathematica.iso'' /media/iso iso9660 exec,ro,user,noauto,loop=/dev/loop0 0 0 | ||

Now you can mount it with: | Now you can mount it with: | ||

− | mount /media/iso | + | # mount /media/iso |

+ | |||

==== Running the Installer ==== | ==== Running the Installer ==== | ||

+ | |||

You can start the installer by navigating to: | You can start the installer by navigating to: | ||

/Unix/Installer | /Unix/Installer | ||

− | Run | + | Run ''MathInstaller'' with: |

sh ./MathInstaller | sh ./MathInstaller | ||

− | {{ | + | {{Note|If you do not place the "sh" in front, then you will get an error about a bad interpreter.}} |

==== Fonts ==== | ==== Fonts ==== | ||

− | |||

− | |||

− | |||

− | |||

− | + | Add the directories containing Type1 and BDF fonts to your FontPath. | |

=== Mathematica 7 === | === Mathematica 7 === | ||

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Follow instructions. | Follow instructions. | ||

− | For KDE users, the Mathematica icon may appear in the Lost & Found category. To solve this, execute the following as root: | + | For KDE users, the Mathematica icon may appear in the ''Lost & Found'' category. To solve this, execute the following as root: |

− | |||

− | |||

− | + | # ln -s /etc/xdg/menus/applications-merged /etc/xdg/menus/kde-applications-merged | |

− | |||

− | |||

− | |||

− | |||

− | |||

− | |||

=== Mathematica 8.0.4.0 === | === Mathematica 8.0.4.0 === | ||

Line 63: | Line 56: | ||

The first issue assumes you are trying to use nVidia, CUDA and OpenCL libraries within Mathematica. | The first issue assumes you are trying to use nVidia, CUDA and OpenCL libraries within Mathematica. | ||

− | The 64-bit archlinux | + | The 64-bit archlinux nVidia and opencl driver packages install libraries in {{ic|/usr/lib}}, not in {{ic|/usr/lib64}} as does nVidia's binary installer. This is not a problem: {{ic|/usr/lib}} is the correct location for 64-bit libraries on a 64-bit arch system. However, a 64-bit install of Mathematica will assume the drivers are installed in {{ic|/usr/lib64}}; other distributions that Mathematica has been tested on have their drivers in that location. The easiest method to overcome this is to make a symlink from {{ic|/usr/lib64}} to {{ic|/usr/lib}}. Mathematica will be able to find nVidia, CUDA, and OpenCL libraries this way without further tweaking. |

A second, separate but partial solution, is to set the following environment variables: | A second, separate but partial solution, is to set the following environment variables: | ||

− | export NVIDIA_DRIVER_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/libnvidia-tls.so | + | export NVIDIA_DRIVER_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/libnvidia-tls.so |

+ | |||

+ | export CUDA_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/libcuda.so | ||

+ | |||

+ | This second method, however, still will not permit Mathematica to find the OpenCL libraries in {{ic|/usr/local}} as Mathematica seems hardwired to find them in {{ic|/usr/lib64}}. | ||

+ | |||

+ | The second issue with Mathematica 8 in 64-bit archlinux (may also affect 32-bit environments; but not tested) is a reproducible crash when performing WolframAlpha[] functions. By default, Mathematica is configured to detect the system's proxy settings when configuring how to connect to the internet to fetch data. A "bug" exists that will eventually crash Mathematica when the calling library is used. A workaround is to avoid this library call altogether by configuring Mathematica to "directly connect" to the internet. (''Edit > Preferences > Internet Connectivity > Proxy Settings''). This bug has been reported to Wolfram. | ||

+ | |||

+ | === Mathematica 10 === | ||

+ | |||

+ | [[Install]] {{AUR|mathematica}} (need historical version). The {{ic|Mathematica_10.XX.YY_LINUX.sh}} installation script is required; you will need to download this separately from Wolfram.com, your university, etc. You will also need an activation key. | ||

+ | |||

+ | === Mathematica 11 === | ||

+ | |||

+ | [[Install]] {{AUR|mathematica}}. Obtain {{ic|Mathematica_11.XX.YY_LINUX.sh}} from Wolfram Research, along with an activation key. Successful install may throw non-critical errors: xdg-icon-resource, mkdir, xdg-desktop-menu. | ||

+ | |||

+ | Mathematica 11 automatically creates a document folder 'Wolfram Mathematica' in [https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/$UserDocumentsDirectory.html $UserDocumentsDirectory], which is set by Mathematica according to [[XDG user directories]]. | ||

+ | |||

+ | == Troubleshooting == | ||

+ | |||

+ | ==== Missing symbols ==== | ||

+ | |||

+ | If you have font rendering problems where certain symbols do not show up (i.e. {{ic|/}} appears as a square), try uninstalling {{Pkg|font-mathematica}}. | ||

+ | |||

+ | Also, try [http://mathematica.stackexchange.com/questions/1158/invisible-conjugate-glyph-in-the-linux-frontend this] solution. It also states the issue is fixed with Mathematica version 9. | ||

+ | |||

+ | Try having applications use anti-aliasing. | ||

+ | For KDE: ''System Settings > Application Appearance > Fonts > Use anti-aliasing (Enabled)'' | ||

+ | |||

+ | ==== HiDPI / Retina Screens ==== | ||

+ | |||

+ | If you have a [[HiDPI]] screen, such as an Apple Retina display, and the main text in Mathematica looks small when you open it, this can be fixed: | ||

− | + | * Go to ''Edit → Preferences'' | |

+ | * From the ''Advanced'' tab, click ''Open Option Inspector'' | ||

+ | * In the tree on the right, go to ''Formatting Options → Font Options → Font Properties'' | ||

+ | * Change the value for ''"ScreenResolution"'' to double its current setting, e.g. 72 → 144. You can also use <code>xdpyinfo | grep resolution</code> to get a more precise number (which will need to be doubled). | ||

− | + | == See also == | |

− | + | * [http://www.wolfram.com/mathematica/ Official site] | |

+ | * [http://www.wolfram.com/support/ Official Support] |

## Latest revision as of 20:11, 21 December 2016

Related articles

Mathematica is a commercial program used in scientific, engineering and mathematical fields. Here we explain how to install it.

## Contents

## Installation

Since Mathematica is a non-free application and upgrades may incur costs, this section lists instructions for different available versions.

### Mathematica 6

#### Mounting iso

One way to mount the Mathematica `.iso`

is to create a `/media/iso`

mount directory and add the following line to the fstab:

/location/of/mathematica.iso/media/iso iso9660 exec,ro,user,noauto,loop=/dev/loop0 0 0

Now you can mount it with:

# mount /media/iso

#### Running the Installer

You can start the installer by navigating to:

/Unix/Installer

Run *MathInstaller* with:

sh ./MathInstaller

#### Fonts

Add the directories containing Type1 and BDF fonts to your FontPath.

### Mathematica 7

Mathematica 7 is much easier to install.

tar xf Mathematica-7.0.1.tar.gz cd Unix/Installer ./MathInstaller

Follow instructions.

For KDE users, the Mathematica icon may appear in the *Lost & Found* category. To solve this, execute the following as root:

# ln -s /etc/xdg/menus/applications-merged /etc/xdg/menus/kde-applications-merged

### Mathematica 8.0.4.0

On 64-bit machines, two known issues are present; but solutions are provided. The second issue is present on 64-bit installs: but not yet confirmed on a 32-bit arch setup.

The first issue assumes you are trying to use nVidia, CUDA and OpenCL libraries within Mathematica.

The 64-bit archlinux nVidia and opencl driver packages install libraries in `/usr/lib`

, not in `/usr/lib64`

as does nVidia's binary installer. This is not a problem: `/usr/lib`

is the correct location for 64-bit libraries on a 64-bit arch system. However, a 64-bit install of Mathematica will assume the drivers are installed in `/usr/lib64`

; other distributions that Mathematica has been tested on have their drivers in that location. The easiest method to overcome this is to make a symlink from `/usr/lib64`

to `/usr/lib`

. Mathematica will be able to find nVidia, CUDA, and OpenCL libraries this way without further tweaking.

A second, separate but partial solution, is to set the following environment variables:

export NVIDIA_DRIVER_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/libnvidia-tls.so

export CUDA_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/libcuda.so

This second method, however, still will not permit Mathematica to find the OpenCL libraries in `/usr/local`

as Mathematica seems hardwired to find them in `/usr/lib64`

.

The second issue with Mathematica 8 in 64-bit archlinux (may also affect 32-bit environments; but not tested) is a reproducible crash when performing WolframAlpha[] functions. By default, Mathematica is configured to detect the system's proxy settings when configuring how to connect to the internet to fetch data. A "bug" exists that will eventually crash Mathematica when the calling library is used. A workaround is to avoid this library call altogether by configuring Mathematica to "directly connect" to the internet. (*Edit > Preferences > Internet Connectivity > Proxy Settings*). This bug has been reported to Wolfram.

### Mathematica 10

Install mathematica^{AUR} (need historical version). The `Mathematica_10.XX.YY_LINUX.sh`

installation script is required; you will need to download this separately from Wolfram.com, your university, etc. You will also need an activation key.

### Mathematica 11

Install mathematica^{AUR}. Obtain `Mathematica_11.XX.YY_LINUX.sh`

from Wolfram Research, along with an activation key. Successful install may throw non-critical errors: xdg-icon-resource, mkdir, xdg-desktop-menu.

Mathematica 11 automatically creates a document folder 'Wolfram Mathematica' in $UserDocumentsDirectory, which is set by Mathematica according to XDG user directories.

## Troubleshooting

#### Missing symbols

If you have font rendering problems where certain symbols do not show up (i.e. `/`

appears as a square), try uninstalling font-mathematica.

Also, try this solution. It also states the issue is fixed with Mathematica version 9.

Try having applications use anti-aliasing.
For KDE: *System Settings > Application Appearance > Fonts > Use anti-aliasing (Enabled)*

#### HiDPI / Retina Screens

If you have a HiDPI screen, such as an Apple Retina display, and the main text in Mathematica looks small when you open it, this can be fixed:

- Go to
*Edit → Preferences* - From the
*Advanced*tab, click*Open Option Inspector* - In the tree on the right, go to
*Formatting Options → Font Options → Font Properties* - Change the value for
*"ScreenResolution"*to double its current setting, e.g. 72 → 144. You can also use`xdpyinfo | grep resolution`

to get a more precise number (which will need to be doubled).