Mercurial (commonly referred to as hg) is a distributed version control system written in Python and is similar in many ways to Git, Bazaar and darcs.
Mercurial is available from the standard repositories (see Template:Package Official):
At the minimum you should configure your username or mercurial will most likely give you an error when trying to commit. Do this by editing Template:Filename and adding the following:
To use the graphical browser hgk aka. hg view, add the following to Template:Filename (see forum thread):
To remove Mercurial warnings of unverified certificate fingerprints, add the following to Template:Filename (see Mercurial wiki):
All mercurial commands are initiated with the hg prefix. To see a list of some of the common commands, run
You can either work with a pre-existing repository (collection of code or files), or create your own to share.
To work with a pre-existing repository, you must clone it to a directory of your choice:
To create you own, change to the directory you wish to share and initiate a mercurial project
If you intend on creating a repo of all your Template:Filename files, you simply initiate the project in your home folder:
It is then just a case of adding the specific files you wish to track:
You can then create a Template:Filename to ensure that only the files you wish to include in the repository are tracked by mercurial.
If you include: syntax: glob at the top of the Template:Filename
file, you can easily exclude groups of files from your repository.