Difference between revisions of "MinGW package guidelines"

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* always put all stuff under the {{Ic|/usr/i486-mingw32}} prefix
 
* always put all stuff under the {{Ic|/usr/i486-mingw32}} prefix
 
* always use {{ic|any}} as the architecture
 
* always use {{ic|any}} as the architecture
 +
* always build both shared and static binaries, unless they conflict
 
* consider using {{ic|!libtool}} in {{ic|options}} if you get {{Ic|.la}} files in {{ic|$pkgdir}}
 
* consider using {{ic|!libtool}} in {{ic|options}} if you get {{Ic|.la}} files in {{ic|$pkgdir}}
 
* consider removing unneeded documentation ({{ic|<nowiki>rm -r $pkgdir/usr/i486-mingw32/share/{doc,info,man}</nowiki>}})
 
* consider removing unneeded documentation ({{ic|<nowiki>rm -r $pkgdir/usr/i486-mingw32/share/{doc,info,man}</nowiki>}})

Revision as of 23:04, 6 August 2012

Template:Package Guidelines

This page expains how to write PKGBUILDs for software running on Windows using GCC. There are two options to build software for Windows on Linux:

  • [www.MinGW.org]: provides 32-bit toolchains with limited DirectX support. Available from Arch's [community] repository by installing mingw32-gcc.
  • [mingw-w64.sourceforge.net]: provides 32 and 64-bit toolchains with secure crt, Vista+ API, DDK (ReactOS), and DirectX (WINE) support. For a full list of supported features and differences with the old MinGW.org, see here. Available in the AUR by installing mingw-w64-gccAUR

There are some differences between the packaging of both projects, detailed below.

MinGW.org

Package Naming

A package for mingw32 should be named mingw32-pkgname.

Packaging

Packaging for cross platform packages can be fairly tricky as there are many different build systems and low-level quirks. Take a note of the following things though:

  • always add mingw32-runtime to depends
  • always add mingw32-gcc to makedepends
  • always add !strip and !buildflags to options
  • always use the original pkgdesc and append (mingw32) to the end of pkgdesc
  • always use and follow the original pkgver of the official package
  • always add unset LDFLAGS in front of toolchain configure/Makefile generation sequences
  • always put all stuff under the /usr/i486-mingw32 prefix
  • always use any as the architecture
  • always build both shared and static binaries, unless they conflict
  • consider using !libtool in options if you get .la files in $pkgdir
  • consider removing unneeded documentation (rm -r $pkgdir/usr/i486-mingw32/share/{doc,info,man})

As mentioned above, the files should all be installed into /usr/i486-mingw32. Specifically, all .dll files should be put into /usr/i486-mingw32/bin as they are dynamic libraries needed at runtime. Their corresponding .dll.a files should go into /usr/i486-mingw32/lib. Please delete any unnecessary documentation and perhaps other files from /usr/share. Cross-compilations packages are not meant for the user but only for the compiler and as such you should try to make them as small as possible.

Always try to match the pkgver in your mingw packages to the pkgver of the corresponding regular packages in the official Arch Linux repos (not the testing repos). This ensures that the cross-compiled software works exactly the same way on mingw without any unexpected bugs. If packages in Arch are out-of-date, there usually is a good reason and you should still follow the Arch version instead of using the most recent upstream release.

Examples

The following examples will try to cover some of the most common conventions and build systems.

Plain Makefile

# Maintainer: yourname <yourmail>
pkgname=mingw32-foo
pkgver=1.0
pkgrel=1
pkgdesc="Foo bar (mingw32)"
arch=('any')
url="http://www.foo.bar"
license=('GPL')
makedepends=('mingw32-gcc')
depends=('mingw32-runtime')
options=('!strip' '!buildflags')
source=("http://www.foo.bar/foobar.tar.gz")
md5sums=('4736ac4f34fd9a41fa0197eac23bbc24')

build() {
  cd "${srcdir}/foobar"

  unset LDFLAGS

  sed "s|LOCAL = /usr/local|LOCAL = ${pkgdir}/usr/i486-mingw32|g" -i Makefile
  sed "s|CXX = gcc|CXX = i486-mingw32-gcc|g" -i Makefile
  sed "s|CXXFLAGS = |CXXFLAGS = -fPIC |g" -i Makefile

  # or with setconf instead of sed (add 'setconf' to makedepends)
  #setconf Makefile LOCAL "$pkgdir/usr/i486-mingw32"
  #setconf Makefile CXX i486-mingw32-gcc
  #setconf Makefile CXXFLAGS -fPIC

  make
}

package() {
  cd "${srcdir}/foobar"

  mkdir -p ${pkgdir}/usr/i486-mingw32/{lib,include}
  make install
  chmod 644 ${pkgdir}/usr/i486-mingw32/lib/libfoo.a
  i486-mingw32-ranlib ${pkgdir}/usr/i486-mingw32/lib/libfoo.a
}

Autotools

# Maintainer: yourname <yourmail>
pkgname=mingw32-foo
pkgver=1.0
pkgrel=1
pkgdesc="Foo bar (mingw32)"
arch=('any')
url="http://www.foo.bar"
license=('GPL')
makedepends=('mingw32-gcc')
depends=('mingw32-runtime')
options=('!strip' '!buildflags')
source=("http://www.foo.bar/foobar.tar.gz")
md5sums=('4736ac4f34fd9a41fa0197eac23bbc24')

build() {
  cd "${srcdir}/foobar"

  unset LDFLAGS

  ./configure --prefix=/usr/i486-mingw32 --host=i486-mingw32
  make
}

package() {
  cd "${srcdir}/foobar"

  make DESTDIR=${pkgdir} install
}

CMake

# Maintainer: yourname <yourmail>
pkgname=mingw32-foo
pkgver=1.0
pkgrel=1
pkgdesc="Foo bar (mingw32)"
arch=('any')
url="http://www.foo.bar"
license=('GPL')
makedepends=('mingw32-gcc' 'cmake')
depends=('mingw32-runtime')
options=('!strip' '!buildflags')
source=("http://www.foo.bar/foobar.tar.gz"
        "cmake-toolchain.cmake")
md5sums=('4736ac4f34fd9a41fa0197eac23bbc24'
         'dd2b2db48187dff84050fe191d309d81')

build() {
  cd "${srcdir}/foobar"
 
  unset LDFLAGS

  mkdir build && cd build
  cmake .. \
    -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/i486-mingw32/ \
    -DCMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE=${srcdir}/cmake-toolchain.cmake
  make
}

package() {
  cd "${srcdir}/foobar"

  cd build
  make DESTDIR=${pkgdir} install
}

In this case, the toolchain is specified externally in cmake-toolchain.cmake:

cmake-toolchain.cmake
# the name of the target operating system
SET(CMAKE_SYSTEM_NAME Windows)

# which compilers to use for C and C++
SET(CMAKE_C_COMPILER i486-mingw32-gcc)
SET(CMAKE_CXX_COMPILER i486-mingw32-g++)
SET(CMAKE_RC_COMPILER i486-mingw32-windres)

# here is the target environment located
SET(CMAKE_FIND_ROOT_PATH /usr/i486-mingw32)

# adjust the default behaviour of the FIND_XXX() commands:
# search headers and libraries in the target environment, search 
# programs in the host environment
SET(CMAKE_FIND_ROOT_PATH_MODE_PROGRAM NEVER)
SET(CMAKE_FIND_ROOT_PATH_MODE_LIBRARY ONLY)
SET(CMAKE_FIND_ROOT_PATH_MODE_INCLUDE ONLY)

MinGW-w64

Package Naming

A package for mingw-w64 should be named mingw-w64-pkgname. In the case that a package is 32-bit only, the naming should be lib32-mingw-w64-pkgname.

Packaging

Packaging for cross platform packages can be fairly tricky as there are many different build systems and low-level quirks. Take a note of the following things though:

  • always add mingw-w64-crtAUR to depends
  • always add mingw-w64-gccAUR to makedepends
  • always add !strip and !buildflags to options
  • always use the original pkgdesc and append (mingw-w64) to the end of pkgdesc
  • always use and follow the original pkgver of the official package
  • always add unset LDFLAGS in front of toolchain configure/Makefile generation sequences
  • always build both 32-bit and 64-bit versions of libraries, unless of course the package can only target 32-bit or 64-bit or is a package meant for deployment on Windows 2000 or older.
  • always put all stuff under the /usr/i686-w64-mingw32 and /usr/x86_64-w64-mingw32 prefix
  • always use any as the architecture
  • consider using !libtool in options if you get .la files in $pkgdir
  • consider removing unneeded documentation (rm -r $pkgdir/usr/i686-w64-mingw32/share/{doc,info,man}, rm -r $pkgdir/usr/x86_64-w64-mingw32/share/{doc,info,man})
  • consider explicitly stripping symbols with ${_arch}-strip in package()'s for-loop as demonstrated in the below PKGBUILD examples.
    • if the binary is a DLL, use ${_arch}-strip -x -g *.dll
    • if the binary is a static lib, use ${_arch}-strip -g *.a
    • if the binary is an executable, use ${_arch}-strip *.exe (in some cases, .exe is not appended, so you must specify the file name instead of a wildcard)

As mentioned above, the files should all be installed into /usr/i686-w64-mingw-w64 and /usr/x86_64-w64-mingw32. Specifically, all .dll files should be put into /usr/*-w64-mingw-w64/bin as they are dynamic libraries needed at runtime. Their corresponding .dll.a files should go into /usr/*-w64-mingw-w64/lib. Please delete any unnecessary documentation and perhaps other files from /usr/share. Cross-compilations packages are not meant for the user but only for the compiler and as such you should try to make them as small as possible.

Always try to match the pkgver in your mingw-w64 packages to the pkgver of the corresponding regular packages in the official Arch Linux repos (not the testing repos). This ensures that the cross-compiled software works exactly the same way on Windows without any unexpected bugs. If packages in Arch are out-of-date, there usually is a good reason and you should still follow the Arch version instead of using the most recent upstream release.

Examples

The following examples will try to cover some of the most common conventions and build systems.

Autotools

# Maintainer: yourname <yourmail>
pkgname=mingw-w64-foo
pkgver=1.0
pkgrel=1
pkgdesc="Foo bar (mingw-w64)"
arch=('any')
url="http://www.foo.bar"
license=('GPL')
makedepends=('mingw-w64-gcc')
depends=('mingw-w64-crt')
options=('!strip' '!buildflags')
source=("http://www.foo.bar/foobar.tar.gz")
md5sums=('4736ac4f34fd9a41fa0197eac23bbc24')

_architectures="i686-w64-mingw32 x86_64-w64-mingw32"

build() {
  unset LDFLAGS

  for _arch in ${_architectures}; do
    mkdir -p ${srcdir}/foo-build-${_arch}
    cd ${srcdir}/gcc-build-${_arch}  

    ${srcdir}/foo/configure --prefix=/usr/${_arch} --host=${_arch}
    make
  done
}

package() {
  for _arch in ${_targets}; do
    make DESTDIR=${pkgdir} install
  done
}

CMake

# Maintainer: yourname <yourmail>
pkgname=mingw-w64-foo
pkgver=1.0
pkgrel=1
pkgdesc="Foo bar (mingw-w64)"
arch=('any')
url="http://www.foo.bar"
license=('GPL')
makedepends=('mingw-w64-gcc' 'cmake')
depends=('mingw-w64-crt')
options=('!strip' '!buildflags')
source=("http://www.foo.bar/foobar.tar.gz"
        "cmake-toolchain.cmake")
md5sums=('4736ac4f34fd9a41fa0197eac23bbc24'
         'dd2b2db48187dff84050fe191d309d81')

_architectures="i686-w64-mingw32 x86_64-w64-mingw32"

build() { 
  unset LDFLAGS

  for _arch in ${_architectures}; do
    mkdir build-${_arch} && cd build-${_arch}
    cmake .. \
      -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/${_arch}/ \
      -DCMAKE_C_COMPILER=${_arch}-gcc \
      -DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER=${_arch}-g++ \
      -DCMAKE_RC_COMPILER=${_arch}-windres \
      -DCMAKE_FIND_ROOT_PATH=/usr/${_arch} \
      -DCMAKE_FIND_ROOT_PATH_MODE_PROGRAM=NEVER \
      -DCMAKE_FIND_ROOT_PATH_MODE_LIBRARY=ONLY \
      -DCMAKE_FIND_ROOT_PATH_MODE_INCLUDE=ONLY \
    make
  done
}

package() {
  for _arch in ${_architectures}; do
    cd ${srcdir}/build-${_arch}
    make DESTDIR=${pkgdir} install
  done
}