Difference between revisions of "Mirrors"

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[[Category:About Arch]] [[Category:Package management]]  
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[[Category:About Arch]]
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[[Category:Package management]]
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[[ar:Mirrors]]
 
[[es:Mirrors]]
 
[[es:Mirrors]]
 
[[fr:Miroirs]]
 
[[fr:Miroirs]]
 
[[it:Mirrors]]
 
[[it:Mirrors]]
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[[ja:ミラー]]
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[[ru:Mirrors]]
 
[[zh-CN:Mirrors]]
 
[[zh-CN:Mirrors]]
{{Article summary start|Summary}}
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{{Related articles start}}
{{Article summary text|Updating and managing package mirrors}}
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{{Related|pacman}}
{{Article summary heading|Related}}
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{{Related articles end}}
{{Article summary wiki|Mirroring}}
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{{Article summary wiki|pacman}}
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{{Article summary wiki|reflector}}
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{{Article summary end}}
+
  
 
This page is a guide to selecting and configuring your mirrors, and a listing of current available mirrors.
 
This page is a guide to selecting and configuring your mirrors, and a listing of current available mirrors.
 +
 +
== Official mirrors ==
 +
 +
The official Arch Linux mirror list is available from the {{pkg|pacman-mirrorlist}} package. To get an even more up-to-date list of mirrors, use the [https://www.archlinux.org/mirrorlist/ Pacman Mirrorlist Generator] page on the main site.
 +
 +
Check the status of the Arch mirrors by visiting the [https://www.archlinux.org/mirrors/status/ Mirror Status] page. It is recommended to only use mirrors that are up to date, i.e. not out of sync.
 +
 +
If you want your mirror to be added to the official list, see [[DeveloperWiki:NewMirrors]]. In the meantime, add it to the [[#Unofficial mirrors]] list at the end of this page.
 +
 +
=== IPv6-ready mirrors ===
 +
 +
The [https://www.archlinux.org/mirrorlist/?ip_version=6 Pacman Mirrorlist Generator] can also be used to find a list of current IPv6 mirrors.
  
 
== Enabling a specific mirror ==
 
== Enabling a specific mirror ==
  
To enable mirrors, open {{ic|/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist}} and locate your geographic region.  Uncomment mirrors you would like to use.
+
To enable mirrors, edit {{ic|/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist}} and locate your geographic region.  Uncomment mirrors you would like to use.
{{Note | ftp.archlinux.org is [http://www.archlinux.org/news/throttling-ftparchlinuxorg-rsyncarchlinuxorg/ throttled at 50KB/s].}}
+
 
 
Example:
 
Example:
  
Line 24: Line 36:
 
  '''Server = <nowiki>http://mirrors.kernel.org/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch</nowiki>'''
 
  '''Server = <nowiki>http://mirrors.kernel.org/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch</nowiki>'''
  
See [[#Mirror status]] and [[#List by speed]] for tools that help choosing mirrors.
+
See [[#Sorting mirrors]] for tools that help choosing mirrors.
  
{{Tip|Uncomment 5 favorite mirrors and place them at the top of the mirrorlist file. That way it's easy to find them and move them around if the first mirror on the list has problems. It also makes merging mirrorlist updates easier.}}
+
{{Tip|
 +
* Uncomment 5 favorite mirrors and place them at the top of the mirrorlist file. That way it's easy to find them and move them around if the first mirror on the list has problems. It also makes merging mirrorlist updates easier.
 +
* HTTP mirrors are faster than FTP due to [[Wikipedia:HTTP persistent connection|persistent HTTP connection]]: with FTP, a new connection to server has to be established each time ''pacman'' requests a package to be downloaded, which results in a brief pause.
 +
}}
  
 
It is also possible to specify mirrors in {{ic|/etc/pacman.conf}}. For the ''[core]'' repository, the default setup is:
 
It is also possible to specify mirrors in {{ic|/etc/pacman.conf}}. For the ''[core]'' repository, the default setup is:
Line 32: Line 47:
 
  Include = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
 
  Include = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
  
To use the ''HostEurope'' mirror as a default mirror, add it before the {{Ic|Include}} line:
+
To use the ''HostEurope'' mirror as a default mirror, add it before the {{ic|Include}} line:
 
  [core]
 
  [core]
 
  '''Server = <nowiki>ftp://ftp.hosteurope.de/mirror/ftp.archlinux.org/core/os/$arch</nowiki>'''
 
  '''Server = <nowiki>ftp://ftp.hosteurope.de/mirror/ftp.archlinux.org/core/os/$arch</nowiki>'''
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{{Note|If mirrors have been stated directly in {{ic|pacman.conf}}, remember to use the same mirror for all repositories.  Otherwise packages that are incompatible to each other may be installed, like linux from ''[core]'' and an older kernel module from ''[extra]''.}}
 
{{Note|If mirrors have been stated directly in {{ic|pacman.conf}}, remember to use the same mirror for all repositories.  Otherwise packages that are incompatible to each other may be installed, like linux from ''[core]'' and an older kernel module from ''[extra]''.}}
  
==Mirror status==
+
=== Force pacman to refresh the package lists ===
Check the status of the Arch mirrors and how updated they are by visiting http://www.archlinux.de/?page=MirrorStatus or http://www.archlinux.org/mirrors/status/.
+
  
You can generate an up to date mirrorlist [http://www.archlinux.org/mirrorlist/ here], automate the process with a [[#Script to automate use of Pacman Mirrorlist Generator|script]], or install [[Reflector]], a utility that generates a mirrorlist using Mirrorcheck's list; you can also manually check how up-to-date a mirror is by:
+
Mirrors can be out of sync and the package list from the old mirror may not correspond to the package list of the new mirror, even though the dates of the lists may suggest that they do.
#picking a server and browsing to "extra/os/";
+
#accessing http://www.archlinux.org/ in another browser tab or window; and
+
#comparing the last-modified date of the {{ic|i686}} directory on the mirror to the ''[extra]'' date on the homepage, in the ''Package Repositories'' box to the right.
+
  
==Sorting mirrors==
+
After creating/editing {{ic|/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist}}, (manually or by using {{ic|rankmirrors}}) issue the following command:
If not using reflector, which has the ability to sort mirrors by both how updated they are and their speed, follow this demonstration of manual mirror sorting.
+
# pacman -Syyu
  
===List by speed===
+
Passing two {{ic|--refresh}} or {{ic|-y}} flags forces pacman to refresh all package lists even if they are considered to be up to date. Issuing {{ic|pacman -Syyu}} ''whenever changing to a new mirror'' is good practice and will avoid possible issues. See also [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=163124 Is -Syy safe?].
Take full advantage of using the fastest local mirror, which can be determined via the included Bash script, {{ic|/usr/bin/rankmirrors}}.
+
  
Back up the existing {{ic|/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist}}:
+
== Sorting mirrors ==
# cp /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.backup
+
  
Edit {{ic|/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.backup}} and uncomment mirrors for testing with {{ic|rankmirrors}}.
+
When downloading packages pacman uses the mirrors in the order they are in {{ic|/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist}}. To set a priority to mirrors, the mirrorlist file has to be sorted manually or using a script.
  
Optionally run the following {{Ic|sed}} line to uncomment every mirror:
+
It is not a good idea to just use the fastest mirrors, since the fastest mirrors might be out of sync. Instead, make a list of mirrors sorted by their [[#List by speed|speed]], then remove those from the list that are out of sync according to their [https://www.archlinux.org/mirrors/status/ status].
# sed '/^#\S/ s|#||' -i /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.backup
+
  
Finally, rank the mirrors. Operand {{Ic|-n 6}} means only output the 6 fastest mirrors:
+
It is recommended to repeat this process before every system upgrade to keep {{ic|/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist}} up to date.
# rankmirrors -n 6 /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.backup > /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
+
  
Run {{Ic|rankmirrors -h}} for a list of all the available options.
+
=== List by speed ===
  
'''Force pacman to refresh the package lists'''<br>
+
The {{Pkg|pacman}} package provides a Bash script, {{ic|/usr/bin/rankmirrors}}, which can be used to rank the mirrors according to their connection and opening speeds to take advantage of using the fastest local mirror.
After creating/editing {{ic|/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist}}, (manually or by using {{Ic|rankmirrors}}) issue the following command:
+
# pacman -Syy
+
  
{{Tip|Passing two {{Ic|--refresh}} or {{Ic|-y}} flags forces pacman to refresh all package lists even if they are considered to be up to date. Issuing {{Ic|pacman -Syy}} ''whenever changing to a new mirror'' is good practice and will avoid possible issues.}}
+
Back up the existing {{ic|/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist}}:
  
===Combined listing by speed and status===
+
# cp /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.backup
It is not a good idea to just use the fastest mirrors, since the fastest mirrors might be out of date. The preferred way would be to use [[#List by speed]], then sorting those 6 fastest mirrors by their [[#Mirror status]].  
+
  
Simply visit either one or both [[#Mirror status]] links and sort them by the ones that are more up to date. Move the more up to date mirrors to the top of {{ic|/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist}} and if the mirrors are way out of date simply do not use those; repeat the process leaving out the outdated mirrors. So this ends up with a total of 6 mirrors that are sorted by speed and status, leaving out outdated mirrors.  
+
Edit {{ic|/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.backup}} and uncomment mirrors for testing with {{ic|rankmirrors}}.
  
When having mirror issues the above should be repeated. Or repeat once in a while even if not having mirror problems, to keep {{ic|/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist}} up to date.
+
Optionally run the following {{ic|sed}} line to uncomment every mirror:
  
=== Script to automate use of Pacman Mirrorlist Generator ===
+
# sed -i 's/^#Server/Server/' /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.backup
  
You can use the following shell script to update your mirrors based on the rankings produced by the [http://www.archlinux.org/mirrorlist/ Pacman Mirrorlist Generator]. If you do not live in the United States, you can change the {{ic|country}} variable.
+
Finally, rank the mirrors. Operand {{ic|-n 6}} means only output the 6 fastest mirrors:
  
{{hc|updatemirrors.sh|<nowiki>
+
# rankmirrors -n 6 /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.backup > /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
#!/bin/sh
+
 
+
[ "$UID" != 0 ] && su=sudo
+
 
+
country='US'
+
url="http://www.archlinux.org/mirrorlist/?country=$country&protocol=ftp&protocol=http&ip_version=4&use_mirror_status=on"
+
  
tmpfile=$(mktemp --suffix=-mirrorlist)
+
Run {{ic|rankmirrors -h}} for a list of all the available options.
  
# Get latest mirror list and save to tmpfile
+
=== Server-side ranking ===
wget -qO- "$url" | sed 's/^#Server/Server/g' > "$tmpfile"
+
  
# Backup and replace current mirrorlist file (if new file is non-zero)
+
The official [https://www.archlinux.org/mirrorlist/ Pacman Mirrorlist Generator] provides an easy way to obtain a ranked list of mirrors. Because all ranking is done on a single server that takes multiple factors into account, the amount of load on the mirrors and the clients is significantly lower compared to ranking on each individual client.
if [ -s "$tmpfile" ]
+
then
+
  { echo " Backing up the original mirrorlist..."
+
    $su mv -i /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.orig; } &&
+
  { echo " Rotating the new list into place..."
+
    $su mv -i "$tmpfile" /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist; }
+
else
+
  echo " Unable to update, could not download list."
+
fi
+
  
# allow global read access (required for non-root yaourt execution)
+
There are multiple scripts automating the update of the mirrorlist from the ranking server:
chmod +r /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist</nowiki>}}
+
  
 +
* [[Reflector]] retrieves the latest mirrorlist from the [https://www.archlinux.org/mirrors/status/ MirrorStatus] page, filters the most up-to-date mirrors, sorts them by speed and overwrites the {{ic|/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist}} file.
 +
* {{AUR|update-pacman-mirrorlist}} is a minimalistic script that downloads a mirrorlist from a specified ranking server defaulting to the official [https://www.archlinux.org/mirrorlist/ Pacman Mirrorlist Generator]. It also provides an optional [[Systemd/Timers|systemd timer]] to manage the mirrorlist automatically without intervention.
 +
* [https://github.com/Gen2ly/armrr armrr] downloads a ranked mirrorlist for a specific country from the [https://www.archlinux.org/mirrorlist/ Pacman Mirrorlist Generator] and creates a backup of the previous mirrorlist.
  
{{Note|You will need to copy the text above, place it into a file, and run {{Ic|chmod +x}} on the file. If you are not currently logged in as root, the script will invoke sudo for you when it needs to rotate the new mirrorlist into place.}}
+
=== List mirrors only for a specific country ===
  
===Using Reflector===
+
Can be useful to automate update of the mirror list only for a specific countries instead of making a speed test each time. Assumed that {{ic|mirrorlist.pacnew}} exist, the file creates after installation of the {{Pkg|pacman-mirrorlist}} update.
  
Alternatively, you can use [[Reflector]] to automatically retrieve the latest mirrorlist from the [http://www.archlinux.org/mirrors/status/ MirrorStatus] page, filter the most up-to-date mirrors, sort them by speed and overwrite the file {{ic|/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist}}.
+
{{bc|<nowiki>Cnt="China";
 +
awk -v GG="$Cnt" '{if(match($0,GG) != "0")AA="1";if(AA == "1"){if( length($2) != "0"  )print substr($0,2) ;else AA="0"} }' \
 +
/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.pacnew</nowiki>}}
  
==Official mirrors==
+
== Troubleshooting ==
The official Arch Linux mirror list is available from the {{pkg|pacman-mirrorlist}} package. To get an even more up-to-date list of mirrors, use the [https://www.archlinux.org/mirrorlist/ Pacman Mirror List Generator] page on the main site.
+
  
In the unlikely scenario that you are without any configured mirrors and {{Ic|pacman-mirrorlist}} is not installed, run the following command:
+
In the unlikely scenario that you are without any configured mirrors and {{ic|pacman-mirrorlist}} is not installed, run the following command:
  # wget -O /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist <nowiki>https://www.archlinux.org/mirrorlist/all/</nowiki>
+
  # curl -o /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist <nowiki>https://www.archlinux.org/mirrorlist/all/</nowiki>
  
 
Be sure to uncomment a preferred mirror as described above, then:
 
Be sure to uncomment a preferred mirror as described above, then:
  # pacman -Syy
+
  # pacman -Syu pacman-mirrorlist
# pacman -Sf pacman-mirrorlist
+
 
+
If you want your mirror to be added to the official list, file a feature request. In the meantime, add it to the [[#Unofficial mirrors]] list at the end of this page.
+
  
 
If you get an error stating that the {{ic|$arch}} variable is used but not defined, add the following to your {{ic|/etc/pacman.conf}}:
 
If you get an error stating that the {{ic|$arch}} variable is used but not defined, add the following to your {{ic|/etc/pacman.conf}}:
 
  Architecture = x86_64
 
  Architecture = x86_64
  
{{Note|You can also use the values {{Ic|auto}} and {{Ic|i686}} for the {{ic|Architecture}} variable.}}
+
{{Note|You can also use the values {{ic|auto}} and {{ic|i686}} for the {{ic|Architecture}} variable.}}
 
+
 
+
===IPv6-ready mirrors===
+
  
The [https://www.archlinux.org/mirrorlist/?country=all&protocol=http&ip_version=6 pacman mirror list generator] can also be used to find a list of current IPv6 mirrors.
+
== Unofficial mirrors ==
  
==Unofficial mirrors==
 
 
These mirrors are ''not'' listed in {{ic|/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist}}.
 
These mirrors are ''not'' listed in {{ic|/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist}}.
  
===Global===
+
=== Austria ===
* http://sourceforge.net/projects/archlinux/files/ - ''Does not have recent ISO releases. Use it only if for getting older ISOs.''
+
  
===TOR Network===
+
*http://gd.tuwien.ac.at/opsys/linux/archlinux/ - ''Vienna University of Technology''
*http://cz2jqg7pj2hqanw7.onion/archlinux
+
*ftp://gd.tuwien.ac.at/opsys/linux/archlinux/
*ftp://mirror:mirror@cz2jqg7pj2hqanw7.onion/archlinux
+
  
===Singapore===
+
=== Canada ===
*http://mirror.nus.edu.sg/archlinux/
+
  
===Bulgaria===
+
*https://na.mirrors.coltondrg.com/archlinux/
*http://mirror.telepoint.bg/archlinux/
+
*ftp://mirror.telepoint.bg/archlinux/
+
  
===Viet Nam===
+
=== China ===
'''FPT TELECOM'''
+
*http://mirror-fpt-telecom.fpt.net/archlinux/
+
  
===China===
+
'''Telecom'''
'''CHINA TELECOM'''
+
*http://mirror.bit.edu.cn/archlinux/ - ''Beijing Institute of Technology''
*http://mirror.lupaworld.com/archlinux/
+
*http://mirrors.aliyun.com/archlinux/ - ''Alibaba''
  
'''CHINA UNICOM'''
+
'''Unicom'''
 
*http://mirrors.sohu.com/archlinux/
 
*http://mirrors.sohu.com/archlinux/
 +
*http://mirrors.yun-idc.com/archlinux/
  
 
'''Cernet'''
 
'''Cernet'''
 +
*http://mirrors.geekpie.org/archlinux/ - ''Geek Pie Association @ ShanghaiTech University''
 
*http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/archlinux/ - ''Shanghai Jiaotong University''
 
*http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/archlinux/ - ''Shanghai Jiaotong University''
*ftp://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/archlinux/
 
*http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/archlinux/ - ''University of Science and Technology of China''
 
*ftp://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/archlinux/
 
*http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/archlinux/ - ''Tsinghua University''
 
 
*http://mirrors.4.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/archlinux/ ''(ipv4 only)''
 
*http://mirrors.4.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/archlinux/ ''(ipv4 only)''
 
*http://mirrors.6.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/archlinux/ ''(ipv6 only)''
 
*http://mirrors.6.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/archlinux/ ''(ipv6 only)''
 
*http://mirror.lzu.edu.cn/archlinux/ - ''Lanzhou University''
 
*http://mirror.lzu.edu.cn/archlinux/ - ''Lanzhou University''
  
===France===
+
=== France ===
*http://delta.archlinux.fr/ - ''With Delta package support. Needs xdelta3 package from extra to run.''
+
 
*http://mirror.soa1.org/archlinux
+
*http://delta.archlinux.fr/ - ''With Delta package support. Needs {{Pkg|xdelta3}} to run.''
*ftp://mirror:mirror@mirror.soa1.org/archlinux
+
*https://eu.mirrors.coltondrg.com/archlinux/
 +
 
 +
=== Germany ===
  
===Germany===
 
*http://ftp.uni-erlangen.de/mirrors/archlinux/
 
*ftp://ftp.uni-erlangen.de/mirrors/archlinux/
 
 
*http://ftp.u-tx.net/archlinux/
 
*http://ftp.u-tx.net/archlinux/
 
*ftp://ftp.u-tx.net/archlinux/
 
*ftp://ftp.u-tx.net/archlinux/
*http://mirror.michael-eckert.net/archlinux/
 
  
===Indonesia===
+
=== Indonesia ===
*http://mirror.kavalinux.com/archlinux/ - ''only from Indonesia''
+
 
 
*http://kambing.ui.ac.id/archlinux/
 
*http://kambing.ui.ac.id/archlinux/
*http://repo.ukdw.ac.id/archlinux/
 
  
===Kazakhstan===
+
=== Iran ===
*http://archlinux.kz/
+
*http://mirror.neolabs.kz/archlinux/
+
*http://mirror-kt.neolabs.kz/archlinux/
+
  
===Lithuania===
+
*http://mirror.yazd.ac.ir/arch/
*http://edacval.homelinux.org/mirrors/archlinux/ - ''Only from LT, without ISO''
+
 
 +
=== Italy ===
 +
 
 +
*http://mi.mirror.garr.it/mirrors/archlinux/
 +
 
 +
=== Japan ===
 +
 
 +
*http://ftp.nara.wide.ad.jp/pub/Linux/archlinux/ - ''NAra Institute of Science and Technology''
 +
*http://ftp.kddilabs.jp/Linux/packages/archlinux/
 +
*http://srv2.ftp.ne.jp/Linux/packages/archlinux/
 +
 
 +
=== Malaysia ===
  
===Malaysia===
 
 
*http://mirror.oscc.org.my/archlinux/
 
*http://mirror.oscc.org.my/archlinux/
*http://mirrors.inetutils.net/archlinux/ - ''ISO and Core''
 
  
===New Zealand===
+
=== New Zealand ===
*http://mirror.ihug.co.nz/archlinux/
+
 
 
*http://mirror.ece.auckland.ac.nz/archlinux/  ''NZ only''
 
*http://mirror.ece.auckland.ac.nz/archlinux/  ''NZ only''
===Poland===
+
 
 +
=== Poland ===
 +
 
 
*ftp://ftp.icm.edu.pl/pub/Linux/dist/archlinux/ - ICM UW
 
*ftp://ftp.icm.edu.pl/pub/Linux/dist/archlinux/ - ICM UW
 
*http://ftp.icm.edu.pl/pub/Linux/dist/archlinux/ - ICM UW
 
*http://ftp.icm.edu.pl/pub/Linux/dist/archlinux/ - ICM UW
 
*rsync://ftp.icm.edu.pl/pub/Linux/dist/archlinux/ - ICM UW
 
*rsync://ftp.icm.edu.pl/pub/Linux/dist/archlinux/ - ICM UW
  
===Russia===
+
=== Russia ===
*http://hatred.homelinux.net/archlinux/ - ''Vladivostok, without iso, with <sub>[http://hatred.homelinux.net/wiki/proekty:3spy:start 3SPY]</sub> project repos and [http://hatred.homelinux.net/archlinux/mingw32/os/i686 '''mingw32'''] repo''
+
 
 +
*http://mirrors.krasinfo.ru/archlinux/ - ''Krasnoyarsk, Classica-Service Ltd''
 +
 
 +
=== South Africa ===
  
===South Africa===
 
*http://ftp.sun.ac.za/ftp/pub/mirrors/archlinux/ - ''Stellenbosch University''
 
*ftp://ftp.sun.ac.za/pub/mirrors/archlinux/
 
 
*http://ftp.leg.uct.ac.za/pub/linux/arch/ - ''University of Cape Town''
 
*http://ftp.leg.uct.ac.za/pub/linux/arch/ - ''University of Cape Town''
 
*ftp://ftp.leg.uct.ac.za/pub/linux/arch/
 
*ftp://ftp.leg.uct.ac.za/pub/linux/arch/
 
*http://mirror.ufs.ac.za/archlinux/ - ''University of the Free State''
 
*http://mirror.ufs.ac.za/archlinux/ - ''University of the Free State''
 
*ftp://mirror.ufs.ac.za/os/linux/distros/archlinux/
 
*ftp://mirror.ufs.ac.za/os/linux/distros/archlinux/
*http://ftp.wa.co.za/pub/archlinux/ - ''Web Africa Networks''
 
*ftp://ftp.wa.co.za/pub/archlinux/
 
 
*http://archlinux.mirror.ac.za - ''TENET - Tertiary Education and Research Network of South Africa''
 
*http://archlinux.mirror.ac.za - ''TENET - Tertiary Education and Research Network of South Africa''
 
*ftp://archlinux.mirror.ac.za
 
*ftp://archlinux.mirror.ac.za
  
===United States===
+
=== Sweden ===
* http://archlinux.linuxfreedom.com - ''Contains numerous ISO images but does not contain the ISO dated 2011.08.19''
+
* http://mirror.pointysoftware.net/archlinux/
+
  
==Troubleshooting==
+
*http://foss.dhyrule.se/linux/archlinux/
 +
*ftp://foss.dhyrule.se/linux/archlinux/
  
===Out-of-sync mirrors: corrupted packages/file not found===
+
=== Thailand ===
<!-- Here or [[pacman]]? Seems like a mirror issue more than pacman... -->
+
Issues regarding out-of-sync mirrors pointed out in [https://www.archlinux.org/news/482/ this news post] may have already been sorted out for most users, but in the event that problems of this nature present themselves again, simply try to see if the packages are present in the [testing] repository.
+
  
After having synced with {{Ic|pacman -Sy}}, use this command:
+
* http://mirror1.ku.ac.th/archlinux/
# pacman -Ud $(pacman -Sup | tail -n +2 | sed -e 's,/\(core\|extra\)/,/testing/,' \
+
                                              -e 's,/\(community\)/,/\1-testing/,')
+
  
Doing so could help in any occasion where packages in the mirror have not been synced to [core] or [extra], and are still residing in [testing]. It is perfectly safe to install from [testing] in this case since the packages are being matched by version and release numbers.
+
=== United States ===
  
In any event, it is best to switch mirrors and sync with {{Ic|pacman -Syy}} than resorting to an alternate repository. However, all or some of the mirrors may at times be out-of-sync to some degree.
+
* http://mirror.clarkson.edu/archlinux/
 
+
* http://mirror.pointysoftware.net/archlinux/
====Using all mirrors====
+
* http://mirror.ziemer.bz/archlinux
To emulate {{Ic|pacman -Su}}'s behavior of going through the entire mirror list, use this script:
+
{{hc|~/bin/pacup|<nowiki>
+
#!/bin/bash
+
 
+
# Pacman will not exit on the first error. Comment the line below to
+
# try from [testing] directly.
+
pacman -Su "$@" && exit
+
  
while read -r pkg; do
+
=== Sourceforge (old ISOs) ===
  if pacman -Ud "$pkg"; then
+
    continue
+
  else
+
    while read -r mirror; do
+
      pacman -Ud $(sed "s,.*\(/\(community-\)*testing/os/\(i686\|x86_64\)/\),$mirror\1," <<<"$pkg") &&
+
      break
+
    done < <(sed -ne 's,^ *Server *= *\|/$repo/os/\(i686\|x86_64\).*,,gp' \
+
          </etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist | tail -n +2 )
+
  fi
+
done < <(pacman -Sup | tail -n +2 | sed -e 's,/\(core\|extra\)/,/testing/,' \
+
                                        -e 's,/\(community\)/,/\1-testing/,')
+
</nowiki>}}
+
  
== See Also ==
+
* http://sourceforge.net/projects/archlinux/files/ - ''ISO files only; Does not have any releases since 2006. Use it only for getting older ISOs.''
* [http://wiki.gotux.net/code/bash/mirup MirUp] &ndash; pacman mirrorlist downloader/checker
+

Latest revision as of 21:41, 26 August 2016

Related articles

This page is a guide to selecting and configuring your mirrors, and a listing of current available mirrors.

Official mirrors

The official Arch Linux mirror list is available from the pacman-mirrorlist package. To get an even more up-to-date list of mirrors, use the Pacman Mirrorlist Generator page on the main site.

Check the status of the Arch mirrors by visiting the Mirror Status page. It is recommended to only use mirrors that are up to date, i.e. not out of sync.

If you want your mirror to be added to the official list, see DeveloperWiki:NewMirrors. In the meantime, add it to the #Unofficial mirrors list at the end of this page.

IPv6-ready mirrors

The Pacman Mirrorlist Generator can also be used to find a list of current IPv6 mirrors.

Enabling a specific mirror

To enable mirrors, edit /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist and locate your geographic region. Uncomment mirrors you would like to use.

Example:

# Any
# Server = ftp://mirrors.kernel.org/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch
Server = http://mirrors.kernel.org/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch

See #Sorting mirrors for tools that help choosing mirrors.

Tip:
  • Uncomment 5 favorite mirrors and place them at the top of the mirrorlist file. That way it's easy to find them and move them around if the first mirror on the list has problems. It also makes merging mirrorlist updates easier.
  • HTTP mirrors are faster than FTP due to persistent HTTP connection: with FTP, a new connection to server has to be established each time pacman requests a package to be downloaded, which results in a brief pause.

It is also possible to specify mirrors in /etc/pacman.conf. For the [core] repository, the default setup is:

[core]
Include = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist

To use the HostEurope mirror as a default mirror, add it before the Include line:

[core]
Server = ftp://ftp.hosteurope.de/mirror/ftp.archlinux.org/core/os/$arch
Include = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist

pacman will now try to connect to this mirror first. Proceed to do the same for [testing], [extra], and [community], if applicable.

Note: If mirrors have been stated directly in pacman.conf, remember to use the same mirror for all repositories. Otherwise packages that are incompatible to each other may be installed, like linux from [core] and an older kernel module from [extra].

Force pacman to refresh the package lists

Mirrors can be out of sync and the package list from the old mirror may not correspond to the package list of the new mirror, even though the dates of the lists may suggest that they do.

After creating/editing /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist, (manually or by using rankmirrors) issue the following command:

# pacman -Syyu

Passing two --refresh or -y flags forces pacman to refresh all package lists even if they are considered to be up to date. Issuing pacman -Syyu whenever changing to a new mirror is good practice and will avoid possible issues. See also Is -Syy safe?.

Sorting mirrors

When downloading packages pacman uses the mirrors in the order they are in /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist. To set a priority to mirrors, the mirrorlist file has to be sorted manually or using a script.

It is not a good idea to just use the fastest mirrors, since the fastest mirrors might be out of sync. Instead, make a list of mirrors sorted by their speed, then remove those from the list that are out of sync according to their status.

It is recommended to repeat this process before every system upgrade to keep /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist up to date.

List by speed

The pacman package provides a Bash script, /usr/bin/rankmirrors, which can be used to rank the mirrors according to their connection and opening speeds to take advantage of using the fastest local mirror.

Back up the existing /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist:

# cp /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.backup

Edit /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.backup and uncomment mirrors for testing with rankmirrors.

Optionally run the following sed line to uncomment every mirror:

# sed -i 's/^#Server/Server/' /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.backup

Finally, rank the mirrors. Operand -n 6 means only output the 6 fastest mirrors:

# rankmirrors -n 6 /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.backup > /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist

Run rankmirrors -h for a list of all the available options.

Server-side ranking

The official Pacman Mirrorlist Generator provides an easy way to obtain a ranked list of mirrors. Because all ranking is done on a single server that takes multiple factors into account, the amount of load on the mirrors and the clients is significantly lower compared to ranking on each individual client.

There are multiple scripts automating the update of the mirrorlist from the ranking server:

  • Reflector retrieves the latest mirrorlist from the MirrorStatus page, filters the most up-to-date mirrors, sorts them by speed and overwrites the /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist file.
  • update-pacman-mirrorlistAUR is a minimalistic script that downloads a mirrorlist from a specified ranking server defaulting to the official Pacman Mirrorlist Generator. It also provides an optional systemd timer to manage the mirrorlist automatically without intervention.
  • armrr downloads a ranked mirrorlist for a specific country from the Pacman Mirrorlist Generator and creates a backup of the previous mirrorlist.

List mirrors only for a specific country

Can be useful to automate update of the mirror list only for a specific countries instead of making a speed test each time. Assumed that mirrorlist.pacnew exist, the file creates after installation of the pacman-mirrorlist update.

Cnt="China";
awk -v GG="$Cnt" '{if(match($0,GG) != "0")AA="1";if(AA == "1"){if( length($2) != "0"  )print substr($0,2) ;else AA="0"} }' \
 /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.pacnew

Troubleshooting

In the unlikely scenario that you are without any configured mirrors and pacman-mirrorlist is not installed, run the following command:

# curl -o /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist https://www.archlinux.org/mirrorlist/all/

Be sure to uncomment a preferred mirror as described above, then:

# pacman -Syu pacman-mirrorlist

If you get an error stating that the $arch variable is used but not defined, add the following to your /etc/pacman.conf:

Architecture = x86_64
Note: You can also use the values auto and i686 for the Architecture variable.

Unofficial mirrors

These mirrors are not listed in /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.

Austria

Canada

China

Telecom

Unicom

Cernet

France

Germany

Indonesia

Iran

Italy

Japan

Malaysia

New Zealand

Poland

Russia

South Africa

Sweden

Thailand

United States

Sourceforge (old ISOs)