Difference between revisions of "Mouse acceleration"

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(Disabling mouse acceleration: added info that restarting X is needed after changing stuff in xorg.conf)
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#* '''xset'''
 
#* '''xset'''
 
#* '''xinput'''
 
#* '''xinput'''
# Many [[Desktop Environment]]s provide a configuration GUI for mouse settings. They should be easy to find and use.
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# Many [[desktop environment]]s provide a configuration GUI for mouse settings. They should be easy to find and use.
  
 
== Setting mouse acceleration ==
 
== Setting mouse acceleration ==
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  $ xset m ''acceleration'' ''threshold''
 
  $ xset m ''acceleration'' ''threshold''
  
where ''acceleration'' defines how many times faster the cursor will move than the default speed, when the cursor moves more than ''threshold'' pixels in a short time. ''acceleration'' can be a fraction, so if you want to slow down the mouse you can use 1/2, and if 3 is slightly too fast, but 2 is too slow, you can use 5/2, etc.
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where ''acceleration'' defines how many times faster the cursor will move than the default speed. ''threshold'' is the velocity required for acceleration to become effective, usually measured in device units per 10ms. ''acceleration'' can be a fraction, so if you want to slow down the mouse you can use 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, ... if you want to make it faster you can use 2/1, 3/1, 4/1, ...
  
 
To get the default settings back:
 
To get the default settings back:
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Example, changing the property of {{ic|Constant Deceleration}} to 2:
 
Example, changing the property of {{ic|Constant Deceleration}} to 2:
 
{{hc|$ xinput list-props 9|
 
{{hc|$ xinput list-props 9|
Device 'Bobs mouse brand':
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Device '''mouse brand''':
 
       Device Enabled (121):  1
 
       Device Enabled (121):  1
 
       Device Accel Profile (240):    0
 
       Device Accel Profile (240):    0
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       Device Accel Velocity Scaling (244):    10.000000
 
       Device Accel Velocity Scaling (244):    10.000000
 
}}
 
}}
  $ xinput --set-prop 'Bobs mouse brand' 'Device Accel Constant Deceleration' 2
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  $ xinput --set-prop '''mouse brand''' 'Device Accel Constant Deceleration' 2
  
 
To make it permanent, edit xorg configuration (see above) or add commands to [[xprofile]]. The latter won't affect speed in a [[Display Manager]].
 
To make it permanent, edit xorg configuration (see above) or add commands to [[xprofile]]. The latter won't affect speed in a [[Display Manager]].
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First, slow down the default movement speed 3 times so that it's more precise.
 
First, slow down the default movement speed 3 times so that it's more precise.
 
  $ xinput --set-prop 9 'Device Accel Constant Deceleration' 3 &
 
  $ xinput --set-prop 9 'Device Accel Constant Deceleration' 3 &
Then, enable acceleration and make it 3 times faster after moving past 6 pixels.
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Then, enable acceleration and make it 3 times faster after moving past 6 units.
 
  $ xset mouse 3 6 &
 
  $ xset mouse 3 6 &
 
If you are satisfied of the results, store the preceding commands in {{ic|~/.xinitrc}}.
 
If you are satisfied of the results, store the preceding commands in {{ic|~/.xinitrc}}.
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EndSection
 
EndSection
 
}}
 
}}
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and restart X.

Revision as of 16:17, 7 July 2013

There are several ways of setting mouse acceleration:

  1. By editing xorg configuration files
  2. The xorg-server-utils package provides two programs that can be used to change those settings from a shell or a script:
    • xset
    • xinput
  3. Many desktop environments provide a configuration GUI for mouse settings. They should be easy to find and use.

Setting mouse acceleration

In Xorg configuration

See man xorg.conf for details.

Examples:

/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/50-mouse-acceleration.conf
Section "InputClass"
	Identifier "My Mouse"
	MatchIsPointer "yes"
# set the following to 1 1 0 respectively to disable acceleration.
	Option "AccelerationNumerator" "2"
	Option "AccelerationDenominator" "1"
	Option "AccelerationThreshold" "4"
EndSection
/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/50-mouse-deceleration.conf
Section "InputClass"
	Identifier "My Mouse"
	MatchIsPointer "yes"
# some curved deceleration
#	Option "AdaptiveDeceleration" "2"
# linear deceleration (mouse speed reduction)
	Option "ConstantDeceleration" "2"
EndSection

You can also assign settings to specific hardware by using "MatchProduct", "MatchVendor" and other matches inside class sections.

Using xset

To get the current values, use:

$ xset q | grep -A 1 Pointer

To set new values, type:

$ xset m acceleration threshold

where acceleration defines how many times faster the cursor will move than the default speed. threshold is the velocity required for acceleration to become effective, usually measured in device units per 10ms. acceleration can be a fraction, so if you want to slow down the mouse you can use 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, ... if you want to make it faster you can use 2/1, 3/1, 4/1, ...

To get the default settings back:

$ xset m default

For more info see man xset.

To make it permanent, edit xorg configuration (see above) or add commands to xprofile. The latter won't affect speed in a display manager.

Using xinput

First, get a list of devices plugged in (ignore any virtual pointers):

$ xinput list

Take note of the ID. You may also use the full name in commands if the ID is prone to changing.

Get a list of available properties and their current values available for modification with

$ xinput list-props 9

where 9 is the ID of the device you wish to use. Or

$ xinput list-props mouse brand

where mouse brand is the name of your mouse given by $ xinput list

Example, changing the property of Constant Deceleration to 2:

$ xinput list-props 9
Device 'mouse brand':
       Device Enabled (121):   1
       Device Accel Profile (240):     0
       Device Accel Constant Deceleration (241):       1.000000
       Device Accel Adaptive Deceleration (243):       1.000000
       Device Accel Velocity Scaling (244):    10.000000
$ xinput --set-prop 'mouse brand' 'Device Accel Constant Deceleration' 2

To make it permanent, edit xorg configuration (see above) or add commands to xprofile. The latter won't affect speed in a Display Manager.

Configuration example

You may need to resort to using more than one method to achieve your desired mouse settings. Here's what I did to configure a generic optical mouse: First, slow down the default movement speed 3 times so that it's more precise.

$ xinput --set-prop 9 'Device Accel Constant Deceleration' 3 &

Then, enable acceleration and make it 3 times faster after moving past 6 units.

$ xset mouse 3 6 &

If you are satisfied of the results, store the preceding commands in ~/.xinitrc.

Disabling mouse acceleration

Mouse acceleration has changed dramatically in recent X server versions; using xset to disable acceleration doesn't work as it used to and is not recommended anymore.

Recent changes on PointerAcceleration can be read here.

To completely disable any sort of acceleration/deceleration, create the following file:

/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/50-mouse-acceleration.conf
Section "InputClass"
	Identifier "My Mouse"
	MatchIsPointer "yes"
	Option "AccelerationProfile" "-1"
	Option "AccelerationScheme" "none"
EndSection

and restart X.