Difference between revisions of "Music Player Daemon/Tips and tricks"

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[[Category:Audio/Video]]
+
[[Category:Player]]
[[Category:Daemons and system services]]
+
 
Go back to [[Music Player Daemon]].
 
Go back to [[Music Player Daemon]].
  
==Tips and Tricks==
+
== Tips and tricks ==
===Organizing===
+
 
MPD doesn't provide a tool to preserve the file structure of your audio files. Check out [http://beets.radbox.org/ beets].
+
=== Organizing ===
 +
 
 +
MPD does not provide a tool to preserve the file structure of your audio files. Check out [http://beets.radbox.org/ beets].
 +
 
 +
=== Last.fm scrobbling ===
  
===Last.fm scrobbling===
 
 
To scrobble your songs to [http://www.last.fm Last.fm] when using MPD, there are several possibilities.
 
To scrobble your songs to [http://www.last.fm Last.fm] when using MPD, there are several possibilities.
  
====mpdscribble====
+
==== mpdas ====
mpdscribble is a daemon, available in the "community" repository (if you prefer, the "git" version is available in the [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=22274 AUR]).  This is arguably the best alternative, because it's the semi-official MPD scrobbler and uses the new "idle" feature in MPD for more accurate scrobbling.  Also, you do not need root access to configure it, because it doesn't need any changes to {{ic|/etc}} at all.  Visit [http://mpd.wikia.com/wiki/Client:Mpdscribble the official website] for more information.
+
 
 +
mpdas is an AudioScrobbler client for MPD written in C++. It uses {{Pkg|curl}} and {{Pkg|libmpd}}. Actually mpdas is the best way to send song updates to Lastfm, because it supports the latest AudioScrobbler protocol (2.0). Also, in case of downtime or connection problems mpdas will cache the played songs to ~/.mpdascache. 
 +
 
 +
{{AUR|mpdas}} is available in the [[AUR]]. Visit [http://50hz.ws/mpdas/ the official website] for more information.
 +
 
 +
After you have instaled mpdas, do the following (as root):
 +
 
 +
{{bc|# nano /etc/mpdasrc}}
 +
* Edit the file {{ic|~/.mpdscribble/mpdscribble.conf}}:
 +
{{hc|/etc/mpdasrc|2=
 +
username = LASTFM USER
 +
password = PASSWORD IN MD5
 +
debug = 1
 +
#runas is an optional feature. It change the user mpdas runs as
 +
runas = USERNAME
 +
#host is an optional feature to set the current mpd host
 +
host = HOST
 +
#mpdpassword is an optional feature to set the current mpd password
 +
mpdpassword = MPDPASS
 +
#port is an optional feature to set the current mpd port
 +
port = MPDPORT
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
To get your password in md5 hash, just run:
 +
echo -n 'PASSWORD' | md5sum | cut -f 1 -d " "
 +
 
 +
* Add {{ic|mpdas}} to the file in which you start {{ic|mpd}} as well (e.g. {{ic|~/.xinitrc}}):
 +
{{bc|
 +
pidof mpdas >& /dev/null
 +
if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
 +
mpdas &
 +
fi
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
==== mpdscribble ====
 +
 
 +
{{Pkg|mpdscribble}} is a daemon available in the [[official repositories]] (if you prefer, {{AUR|mpdscribble-git}} is available in the [[AUR]]).  This is arguably the best alternative, because it is the semi-official MPD scrobbler and uses the new "idle" feature in MPD for more accurate scrobbling.  Also, you do not need root access to configure it, because it does not need any changes to {{ic|/etc}} at all.  Visit [http://mpd.wikia.com/wiki/Client:Mpdscribble the official website] for more information.
  
 
After you have installed mpdscribble, do the following (not as root):
 
After you have installed mpdscribble, do the following (not as root):
Line 19: Line 57:
 
{{hc|~/.mpdscribble/mpdscribble.conf|2=
 
{{hc|~/.mpdscribble/mpdscribble.conf|2=
 
  [mpdscribble]  
 
  [mpdscribble]  
  host = <your mpd host> # optional, defaults to $MPD_HOST or localhost
+
  host = ''your mpd host'' # optional, defaults to $MPD_HOST or localhost
  port = <your mpd port> # optional, defaults to $MPD_PORT or 6600
+
  port = ''your mpd port'' # optional, defaults to $MPD_PORT or 6600
  log = /home/<YOUR_USERNAME>/.mpdscribble/mpdscribble.log
+
  log = /home/''YOUR_USERNAME''/.mpdscribble/mpdscribble.log
 
  verbose = 2
 
  verbose = 2
 
  sleep = 1
 
  sleep = 1
  musicdir = <your music directory>
+
  musicdir = ''your music directory''
  proxy = <your proxy> # optional, e. g. http://your.proxy:8080, defaults to none
+
  proxy = ''your proxy'' # optional, e. g. http://your.proxy:8080, defaults to none
  
 
  [last.fm]
 
  [last.fm]
 
  # last.fm section, comment if you do not use last.fm
 
  # last.fm section, comment if you do not use last.fm
 
  url = http://post.audioscrobbler.com/
 
  url = http://post.audioscrobbler.com/
  username = <your last.fm username>
+
  username = ''your last.fm username''
  password = <your last.fm password>
+
  password = ''your last.fm password''
  journal = /home/<YOUR_USERNAME>/.mpdscribble/lastfm.journal
+
  journal = /home/''YOUR_USERNAME''/.mpdscribble/lastfm.journal
  
 
  [libre.fm]
 
  [libre.fm]
 
  # libre.fm section, comment if you do not use libre.fm
 
  # libre.fm section, comment if you do not use libre.fm
 
  url = http://turtle.libre.fm/
 
  url = http://turtle.libre.fm/
  username = <your libre.fm username>
+
  username = ''your libre.fm username''
  password = <your libre.fm password>
+
  password = ''your libre.fm password''
  journal = /home/<YOUR_USERNAME>/.mpdscribble/librefm.journal
+
  journal = /home/''YOUR_USERNAME''/.mpdscribble/librefm.journal
 
}}
 
}}
 
Please note that passwords can also be written down as MD5:
 
Please note that passwords can also be written down as MD5:
Line 52: Line 90:
 
}}
 
}}
  
====Sonata & Ario====
+
==== mpdscribble per user with systemd ====
Sonata has built-in support for scrobbling, although that requires the program to run the whole time. Additionally, Sonata doesn't cache the songs if they cannot be forwarded to Last.fm at the time of playing, meaning they will not be added to the statistics.
+
 
 +
Since systemd is default on new installations, starting mpdscribble with .xinitrc is outdated. mpdscribble should be started per user with systemd. See [[Mpd#Start_MPD_per_user_with_systemd]] and [[Systemd/User]].
 +
 
 +
Install {{Pkg|mpdscribble}}.
 +
 
 +
Create a directory for mpdscribble and copy the example .conf
 +
$ mkdir ~/.mpdscribble
 +
$ cp /usr/share/mpdscribble/mpdscribble.conf.example ~/.mpdscribble.conf
 +
 
 +
With the current version {{Pkg|mpdscribble 0.22-5}}, adding the sections mentiond above to ~/.mpdscribble.conf is not necessary. Just add your username and password.
 +
 
 +
Then, edit a new file ~/.config/systemd/user/mpdscribble.service
 +
{{hc|~/.config/systemd/user/mpdscribble.service|
 +
[Unit]
 +
Description &#61; MPD Scribbler
 +
 
 +
[Service]
 +
ExecStart &#61; /usr/bin/mpdscribble -D
 +
Restart &#61; always
 +
 
 +
[Install]
 +
WantedBy &#61; default.target
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
Now, enable and start mpdscribble.service as per user
 +
$ systemctl --user enable mpdscribble
 +
$ systemctl --user start mpdscribble
 +
 
 +
==== Sonata & Ario ====
 +
 
 +
Sonata has built-in support for scrobbling, although that requires the program to run the whole time. Additionally, Sonata does not cache the songs if they cannot be forwarded to Last.fm at the time of playing, meaning they will not be added to the statistics.
 +
 
 +
==== lastfmsubmitd ====
  
====lastfmsubmitd====
 
 
The daemon lastfmsubmitd is a daemon which may be installed from the "community" repository as well. To install it, first edit {{ic|/etc/lastfmsubmitd.conf}} to reflect your requirements and add both {{ic|lastfmsubmitd}} and {{ic|lastmp}} to the {{ic|DAEMONS}} array in {{ic|/etc/rc.conf}}.
 
The daemon lastfmsubmitd is a daemon which may be installed from the "community" repository as well. To install it, first edit {{ic|/etc/lastfmsubmitd.conf}} to reflect your requirements and add both {{ic|lastfmsubmitd}} and {{ic|lastmp}} to the {{ic|DAEMONS}} array in {{ic|/etc/rc.conf}}.
  
====Last.fm playback====
+
==== Last.fm playback ====
=====Native Last.fm playback=====
+
 
 +
===== Native Last.fm playback =====
 +
 
 
Since version 0.16 mpd has a very well working method to [http://mpd.wikia.com/wiki/Last.fm_Radio play back last.fm streams].
 
Since version 0.16 mpd has a very well working method to [http://mpd.wikia.com/wiki/Last.fm_Radio play back last.fm streams].
 
{{hc|/etc/mpd.conf|2=
 
{{hc|/etc/mpd.conf|2=
Line 68: Line 139:
 
}
 
}
 
}}
 
}}
Then use e.g. mpc to load streams
+
Then use e.g. mpc to load streams:
{{bc|$ mpc load "lastfm://artist/Beatles"}}
+
$ mpc load "lastfm://artist/Beatles"
 
+
===Never play on start===
+
This feature has recently been added to mpd git by Martin Kellerman, see commits {{ic|b57330cf75bcb339e3f268f1019c63e40d305145}} and {{ic|2fb40fe728ac07574808c40034fc0f3d2254d49d}}. As of September 2011, this feature has not yet arrived in a mpd version in the official repositories. If support for this feature is still required, have a look at the following proposals.
+
 
+
====Installing mpd from the AUR====
+
This is the best method currently available, but is only currently (as of April 2011) enabled in the git version. Install [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=19676 mpd-git] from the [[AUR]] and add {{ic|restore_paused "yes"}} to your {{ic|mpd.conf}} file.
+
 
+
If you have issues with connecting your client to [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=19676 mpd-git], see [[Music Player Daemon/Troubleshooting#Other issues when attempting to connect to mpd with a client]].
+
 
+
====Method 1====
+
If you do not want MPD to always play on your system start, but yet you want to preserve the other state information, add the following lines to your {{ic|/etc/rc.d/mpd}} file:
+
=====Method 1.1=====
+
Simpler, working method (disables playing on startup of mpd daemon):
+
  start)
+
...
+
      mpc -q pause #add this line only
+
      add_daemon mpd
+
      stat_done
+
 
+
To prevent updates from destroying these modifications, add this file to the {{ic|NoUpgrade}} variable in {{ic|/etc/pacman.conf}}:
+
NoUpgrade = etc/rc.d/mpd
+
 
+
====Method 2====
+
Another simpler method, would be to add mpd to your {{ic|[[rc.conf]]}} daemons array and add {{ic|mpc stop}} or {{ic|mpc pause}} to {{ic|/etc/rc.local.shutdown}} and to {{ic|/etc/rc.local}}. (Remember you must have mpc installed to use this method).
+
 
+
Adding only the order in {{ic|/etc/rc.local}} cannot assure that mpd will play absolutely nothing, since there may be a delay before the stop command is executed.
+
On the other hand, if you only add the order to {{ic|/etc/rc.local.shutdown}}, that will assure that mpd won't play at all, as long as you properly shutdown your system.
+
Even though they are redundant, adding it to {{ic|/etc/rc.local}} would serve as a safety for those, presumably, rare occasions when you do not shutdown the system properly.
+
  
====Method 3====
+
=== Never play on start ===
The general idea is to ask mpd to pause music when the user logs out, so that mpd will stick to the "pause" state after a reboot. Sending such command can be achieved using [http://www.archlinux.org/packages/extra/x86_64/mpc/ mpc], the command line interface to MPD.
+
  
GDM users can then add {{ic|/usr/bin/mpc pause}} to {{ic|/etc/gdm/PostSession/Default}} (be sure to add it before {{ic|exit 0}}):
+
This feature is present in mpd after version 0.16.2. When this feature is enabled, the mpd process will always start in the "paused" state, even if a song was playing when mpd was stopped. Add the line below to your {{ic|mpd.conf}} file to enable this feature.
 +
restore_paused "yes"
  
Non-GDM users can use their own login manager's method to launch the line at logout.
+
=== Example configuration: Output with 44.1 KHz at e. g. 16 bit depth, multiple programs at once ===
  
====Example configuration: Output with 44.1 KHz at e. g. 16 bit depth, multiple programs at once====
 
 
''Why these formats?'' Because they are standard CDA, because ALSA on its own allows more than one program "to sound" only with dmix — whose resampling algorithm is inferior — and because dmix by default resamples anything lower to 48 KHz (or whatever higher format is playing at the time). Also, some get clicking sounds if at least {{ic|mpd.conf}} is not changed this way.
 
''Why these formats?'' Because they are standard CDA, because ALSA on its own allows more than one program "to sound" only with dmix — whose resampling algorithm is inferior — and because dmix by default resamples anything lower to 48 KHz (or whatever higher format is playing at the time). Also, some get clicking sounds if at least {{ic|mpd.conf}} is not changed this way.
  
''What's the downside?'' These settings cause ''everything'' (if necessary) to be resampled to this format, such as material from DVD or TV which usually is at 48 KHz. But there is no known way to have ALSA dynamically change the format, and particularly if you listen to far more CDs than anything else the occasional 48 → 44.1 isn't too great a loss.
+
''What is the downside?'' These settings cause ''everything'' (if necessary) to be resampled to this format, such as material from DVD or TV which usually is at 48 KHz. But there is no known way to have ALSA dynamically change the format, and particularly if you listen to far more CDs than anything else the occasional 48 → 44.1 is not too great a loss.
  
 
The following assumes that there are not already other settings which conflict resp. overwrite it. This applies especially to the current user's potential {{ic|~/.asoundrc}} — which MPD as its own user ignores, therefore the following should go to {{ic|/etc/asound.conf}}:
 
The following assumes that there are not already other settings which conflict resp. overwrite it. This applies especially to the current user's potential {{ic|~/.asoundrc}} — which MPD as its own user ignores, therefore the following should go to {{ic|/etc/asound.conf}}:
Line 132: Line 174:
 
}}
 
}}
  
{{Note|MPD gives the mp3 format a special treatment at decoding: It's always put out as 24 bit. (The conversion as forced by the ''format'' line only comes after that.)}}
+
{{Note|MPD gives the mp3 format a special treatment at decoding: it is always put out as 24 bit. (The conversion as forced by the ''format'' line only comes after that.)}}
  
 
If one wants to leave the bit depth decision to ALSA resp. MPD, comment out resp. omit the ''dmix.format'' line and change the one for mpd with ''format'' to "44100:*:2".
 
If one wants to leave the bit depth decision to ALSA resp. MPD, comment out resp. omit the ''dmix.format'' line and change the one for mpd with ''format'' to "44100:*:2".
Line 139: Line 181:
  
 
=== Control MPD with lirc ===
 
=== Control MPD with lirc ===
There are already some clients designed for communications between lircd and MPD, however, as far as the practical use, they aren't very useful since their functions are limited.
 
  
It's recommended to use mpc with irexec. mpc is a command line player which only sends the command to MPD and exits immediately, which is perfect for irexec, the command runner included in lirc. What irexec does is that it runs a specified command once received a remote control button.
+
There are already some clients designed for communications between lircd and MPD, however, as far as the practical use, they are not very useful since their functions are limited.
 +
 
 +
It is recommended to use mpc with irexec. mpc is a command line player which only sends the command to MPD and exits immediately, which is perfect for irexec, the command runner included in lirc. What irexec does is that it runs a specified command once received a remote control button.
  
 
First of all, please setup your remotes as referred to the '''[[Lirc]]''' article.
 
First of all, please setup your remotes as referred to the '''[[Lirc]]''' article.
Line 233: Line 276:
 
There are more functions for mpc, run {{ic|man mpc}} for more info.
 
There are more functions for mpc, run {{ic|man mpc}} for more info.
  
===Control MPD with phone===
+
=== Control MPD with phone ===
=====remuco via bluetooth=====
+
 
* install [http://remuco.sourceforge.net/index.php/Remuco remuco] -- a wireless remote control for several Linux media players ([https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=25072 aur])
+
==== remuco via Bluetooth ====
* transfer remuco client -- jar/jad files from {{ic|/usr/share/remuco/client/}} to your phone and install it
+
 
* run {{ic|remuco-mpd}} (as current user)
+
* Install {{AUR|remuco}} from the [[AUR]] - a wireless remote control for several Linux media players (http://remuco.sourceforge.net/index.php/Remuco).
* run remuco on your phone, define a new bluetooth remuco connection (pair first if you haven't done this previously) and explore its capabilities
+
* Transfer remuco client -- jar/jad files from {{ic|/usr/share/remuco/client/}} to your phone and install it.
 +
* Run {{ic|remuco-mpd}} (as current user).
 +
* Run remuco on your phone, define a new bluetooth remuco connection (pair first if you have not done this previously) and explore its capabilities.
 +
 
 +
==== Others ====
  
=====others=====
 
 
There are several MPD-specific clients available in the app-store/market of Symbian, Android and iOS.
 
There are several MPD-specific clients available in the app-store/market of Symbian, Android and iOS.
  
Line 246: Line 292:
  
 
mpd supports both local and remote use of PulseAudio.
 
mpd supports both local and remote use of PulseAudio.
 +
 +
==== Local (as your own user) ====
 +
 +
No special options are required; just add a pulse output as described in the comments of mpd's config file.
 +
 +
If you want to start mpd with [[systemd]], put the following file into {{ic|/etc/systemd/system/mpd-myuser.service}}:
 +
 +
.include /usr/lib/systemd/system/mpd.service
 +
 +
[Unit]
 +
Description=Music Player Daemon (running as MYUSER)
 +
 +
[Service]
 +
User=MYUSER
 +
PAMName=system-local-login
 +
 +
(replacing MYUSER for your username). Then do {{ic|sudo systemctl enable mpd-myuser && sudo systemctl start mpd-myuser}}.
  
 
==== Local (with separate mpd user) ====
 
==== Local (with separate mpd user) ====
 +
 
When run as its own user as per the wiki instructions, mpd will be unable to send sound to another user's pulseaudio server.  Rather than setting up pulseaudio as a system-wide daemon, a practice strongly discouraged by upstream, you can instead configure mpd to use pulseaudio's tcp module to send sound to localhost:
 
When run as its own user as per the wiki instructions, mpd will be unable to send sound to another user's pulseaudio server.  Rather than setting up pulseaudio as a system-wide daemon, a practice strongly discouraged by upstream, you can instead configure mpd to use pulseaudio's tcp module to send sound to localhost:
  
First, uncomment the tcp module in {{ic|/etc/pulse/default.pa}} or {{ic|~/.pulse/default.pa}} and set 127.0.0.1 as an allowed IP address; the home directory takes precedence:
+
First, uncomment the tcp module in {{ic|/etc/pulse/default.pa}} or {{ic|$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/default.pa}} (typically {{ic|~/.config/pulse/default.pa}}) and set 127.0.0.1 as an allowed IP address; the home directory takes precedence:
  
 
  ### Network access (may be configured with paprefs, so leave this commented
 
  ### Network access (may be configured with paprefs, so leave this commented
Line 269: Line 333:
 
  }
 
  }
  
Once this is added, restart mpd:
+
Once this is added, restart mpd.
# rc.d restart mpd -or- systemctl restart mpd.service
+
  
 
Enable the output in mpd; you should now have a working local mpd, usable by all users whose pulseaudio servers allow sound from 127.0.0.1.
 
Enable the output in mpd; you should now have a working local mpd, usable by all users whose pulseaudio servers allow sound from 127.0.0.1.
Line 278: Line 341:
 
As with any PulseAudio-enabled program, mpd can send sound over the network.  The complete PulseAudio system is not required on the server running mpd; {{Pkg|libpulse}} is the only requirement to act as a source and is already a dependency of mpd.
 
As with any PulseAudio-enabled program, mpd can send sound over the network.  The complete PulseAudio system is not required on the server running mpd; {{Pkg|libpulse}} is the only requirement to act as a source and is already a dependency of mpd.
  
In order to send audio from mpd to another computer follow the directions above, editing {{ic|/etc/mpd.conf}} on the server running mpd using the IP address of the target computer and {{ic|/etc/pulse/default.pa}} or {{ic|~/.pulse/default.pa}} on the target computer using the IP address of the server.
+
In order to send audio from mpd to another computer follow the directions above, editing {{ic|/etc/mpd.conf}} on the server running mpd using the IP address of the target computer and {{ic|/etc/pulse/default.pa}} or {{ic|$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/default.pa}} (typically {{ic|~/.config/pulse/default.pa}}) on the target computer using the IP address of the server.
  
 
Once this is done, the server's mpd source should show up on the target computer while playing or paused as a normal source able to be rerouted and controlled as usual; there will be no visible source on the target while mpd is stopped.
 
Once this is done, the server's mpd source should show up on the target computer while playing or paused as a normal source able to be rerouted and controlled as usual; there will be no visible source on the target while mpd is stopped.
Line 284: Line 347:
 
=== Cue Files ===
 
=== Cue Files ===
  
To make cue file support actually work, you have to work around a nasty libcue bug. Libcue copied some files directly from libcdio, making it conflict with it. Steps to do to get proper cue support:
+
No additional steps are needed for cue support in mpd since 0.17. MPD has its own integrated parser which works with both external and embedded cuesheets.
  
* remove {{Ic|libcdio}} temporary ({{Ic|pacman -Rdd libcdio}})
+
=== HTTP Streaming ===
* install {{Pkg|libcue}}
+
* install mpd with [[ABS]] or from [[AUR]].
+
* install {{Ic|libcdio}} again
+
  
Version 0.17 will fix this issue, implementing its very own cue parser, which will then also allow parsing cuesheets, that are embedded into the files tags (CUESHEET tag). This will work for most, if not all relevant music files.
 
 
=== HTTP Streaming ===
 
 
Since version 0.15 there is a built-in HTTP streaming daemon/server that comes with MPD. To activate this server simply set it as output device in mpd.conf:
 
Since version 0.15 there is a built-in HTTP streaming daemon/server that comes with MPD. To activate this server simply set it as output device in mpd.conf:
  

Revision as of 11:48, 5 June 2013

Go back to Music Player Daemon.

Tips and tricks

Organizing

MPD does not provide a tool to preserve the file structure of your audio files. Check out beets.

Last.fm scrobbling

To scrobble your songs to Last.fm when using MPD, there are several possibilities.

mpdas

mpdas is an AudioScrobbler client for MPD written in C++. It uses curl and libmpd. Actually mpdas is the best way to send song updates to Lastfm, because it supports the latest AudioScrobbler protocol (2.0). Also, in case of downtime or connection problems mpdas will cache the played songs to ~/.mpdascache.

mpdasAUR is available in the AUR. Visit the official website for more information.

After you have instaled mpdas, do the following (as root):

# nano /etc/mpdasrc
  • Edit the file ~/.mpdscribble/mpdscribble.conf:
/etc/mpdasrc
username = LASTFM USER 
password = PASSWORD IN MD5
debug = 1
#runas is an optional feature. It change the user mpdas runs as
runas = USERNAME
#host is an optional feature to set the current mpd host
host = HOST
#mpdpassword is an optional feature to set the current mpd password
mpdpassword = MPDPASS
#port is an optional feature to set the current mpd port
port = MPDPORT

To get your password in md5 hash, just run:

echo -n 'PASSWORD' | md5sum | cut -f 1 -d " "
  • Add mpdas to the file in which you start mpd as well (e.g. ~/.xinitrc):
pidof mpdas >& /dev/null
if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
 mpdas &
fi

mpdscribble

mpdscribble is a daemon available in the official repositories (if you prefer, mpdscribble-gitAUR is available in the AUR). This is arguably the best alternative, because it is the semi-official MPD scrobbler and uses the new "idle" feature in MPD for more accurate scrobbling. Also, you do not need root access to configure it, because it does not need any changes to /etc at all. Visit the official website for more information.

After you have installed mpdscribble, do the following (not as root):

$ mkdir ~/.mpdscribble
  • Create the file ~/.mpdscribble/mpdscribble.conf and add the following:
~/.mpdscribble/mpdscribble.conf
[mpdscribble] 
 host = your mpd host # optional, defaults to $MPD_HOST or localhost
 port = your mpd port # optional, defaults to $MPD_PORT or 6600
 log = /home/YOUR_USERNAME/.mpdscribble/mpdscribble.log
 verbose = 2
 sleep = 1
 musicdir = your music directory
 proxy = your proxy # optional, e. g. http://your.proxy:8080, defaults to none

 [last.fm]
 # last.fm section, comment if you do not use last.fm
 url = http://post.audioscrobbler.com/
 username = your last.fm username
 password = your last.fm password 
 journal = /home/YOUR_USERNAME/.mpdscribble/lastfm.journal

 [libre.fm]
 # libre.fm section, comment if you do not use libre.fm
 url = http://turtle.libre.fm/
 username = your libre.fm username
 password = your libre.fm password
 journal = /home/YOUR_USERNAME/.mpdscribble/librefm.journal

Please note that passwords can also be written down as MD5:

echo -n 'PASSWORD' | md5sum | cut -f 1 -d " "
  • Add mpdscribble to the file in which you start mpd as well (e.g. ~/.xinitrc):
pidof mpdscribble >& /dev/null
if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
 mpdscribble &
fi

mpdscribble per user with systemd

Since systemd is default on new installations, starting mpdscribble with .xinitrc is outdated. mpdscribble should be started per user with systemd. See Mpd#Start_MPD_per_user_with_systemd and Systemd/User.

Install mpdscribble.

Create a directory for mpdscribble and copy the example .conf

$ mkdir ~/.mpdscribble
$ cp /usr/share/mpdscribble/mpdscribble.conf.example ~/.mpdscribble.conf

With the current version mpdscribble 0.22-5, adding the sections mentiond above to ~/.mpdscribble.conf is not necessary. Just add your username and password.

Then, edit a new file ~/.config/systemd/user/mpdscribble.service

~/.config/systemd/user/mpdscribble.service
[Unit]
Description = MPD Scribbler

[Service]
ExecStart = /usr/bin/mpdscribble -D
Restart = always

[Install]
WantedBy = default.target

Now, enable and start mpdscribble.service as per user

$ systemctl --user enable mpdscribble
$ systemctl --user start mpdscribble

Sonata & Ario

Sonata has built-in support for scrobbling, although that requires the program to run the whole time. Additionally, Sonata does not cache the songs if they cannot be forwarded to Last.fm at the time of playing, meaning they will not be added to the statistics.

lastfmsubmitd

The daemon lastfmsubmitd is a daemon which may be installed from the "community" repository as well. To install it, first edit /etc/lastfmsubmitd.conf to reflect your requirements and add both lastfmsubmitd and lastmp to the DAEMONS array in /etc/rc.conf.

Last.fm playback

Native Last.fm playback

Since version 0.16 mpd has a very well working method to play back last.fm streams.

/etc/mpd.conf
$ playlist_plugin {
       name            "lastfm"
       user            "my_username"
       password        "my_password"
}

Then use e.g. mpc to load streams:

$ mpc load "lastfm://artist/Beatles"

Never play on start

This feature is present in mpd after version 0.16.2. When this feature is enabled, the mpd process will always start in the "paused" state, even if a song was playing when mpd was stopped. Add the line below to your mpd.conf file to enable this feature.

restore_paused "yes"

Example configuration: Output with 44.1 KHz at e. g. 16 bit depth, multiple programs at once

Why these formats? Because they are standard CDA, because ALSA on its own allows more than one program "to sound" only with dmix — whose resampling algorithm is inferior — and because dmix by default resamples anything lower to 48 KHz (or whatever higher format is playing at the time). Also, some get clicking sounds if at least mpd.conf is not changed this way.

What is the downside? These settings cause everything (if necessary) to be resampled to this format, such as material from DVD or TV which usually is at 48 KHz. But there is no known way to have ALSA dynamically change the format, and particularly if you listen to far more CDs than anything else the occasional 48 → 44.1 is not too great a loss.

The following assumes that there are not already other settings which conflict resp. overwrite it. This applies especially to the current user's potential ~/.asoundrc — which MPD as its own user ignores, therefore the following should go to /etc/asound.conf:

/etc/asound.conf
defaults.pcm.dmix.rate 44100 # Force 44.1 KHz
defaults.pcm.dmix.format S16_LE # Force 16 bits
/etc/mpd.conf
audio_output {
        type                    "alsa" # Use the ALSA output plugin.
	name			"HDA Intel" # Can be called anything or nothing tmk, but must be present.
        options                 "dev=dmixer"
        device                  "plug:dmix" # Both lines cause MPD to output to dmix.
	format	        	"44100:16:2" # the actual format
	auto_resample		"no" # This bypasses ALSA's own algorithms, which generally are inferior. See below how to choose a different one.
	use_mmap		"yes" # Minor speed improvement, should work with all modern cards.
}

samplerate_converter		"0" # MPD's best, most CPU intensive algorithm. See 'man mpd.conf' for others — for anything other than the poorest "internal", libsamplerate must be installed.
Note: MPD gives the mp3 format a special treatment at decoding: it is always put out as 24 bit. (The conversion as forced by the format line only comes after that.)

If one wants to leave the bit depth decision to ALSA resp. MPD, comment out resp. omit the dmix.format line and change the one for mpd with format to "44100:*:2".

Note: Crossfading between files decoded at two different bit depths (say, one mp3 and one 16 bit flac) does not work unless conversion is active.

Control MPD with lirc

There are already some clients designed for communications between lircd and MPD, however, as far as the practical use, they are not very useful since their functions are limited.

It is recommended to use mpc with irexec. mpc is a command line player which only sends the command to MPD and exits immediately, which is perfect for irexec, the command runner included in lirc. What irexec does is that it runs a specified command once received a remote control button.

First of all, please setup your remotes as referred to the Lirc article.

Edit your favored lirc startup configuration file, default location is ~/.lircrc.

Fill the file with the following pattern:

begin
     prog = irexec
     button = <button_name>
     config = <command_to_run>
     repeat = <0 or 1>
end

An useful example:

## irexec
begin
     prog = irexec
     button = play_pause
     config = mpc toggle
     repeat = 0
end

begin
     prog = irexec
     button = stop
     config = mpc stop
     repeat = 0
end
begin
     prog = irexec
     button = previous
     config = mpc prev
     repeat = 0
end
begin
     prog = irexec
     button = next
     config = mpc next
     repeat = 0
end
begin
     prog = irexec
     button = volup
     config = mpc volume +2
     repeat = 1
end
begin
     prog = irexec
     button = voldown
     config = mpc volume -2
     repeat = 1
end
begin
     prog = irexec
     button = pbc
     config = mpc random
     repeat = 0
end
begin
     prog = irexec
     button = pdvd
     config = mpc update
     repeat = 0
end
begin
     prog = irexec
     button = right
     config = mpc seek +00:00:05
     repeat = 0
end
begin
     prog = irexec
     button = left
     config = mpc seek -00:00:05
     repeat = 0
end
begin
     prog = irexec
     button = up
     config = mpc seek +1%
     repeat = 0
end
begin
     prog = irexec
     button = down
     config = mpc seek -1%
     repeat = 0
end

There are more functions for mpc, run man mpc for more info.

Control MPD with phone

remuco via Bluetooth

  • Install remucoAUR from the AUR - a wireless remote control for several Linux media players (http://remuco.sourceforge.net/index.php/Remuco).
  • Transfer remuco client -- jar/jad files from /usr/share/remuco/client/ to your phone and install it.
  • Run remuco-mpd (as current user).
  • Run remuco on your phone, define a new bluetooth remuco connection (pair first if you have not done this previously) and explore its capabilities.

Others

There are several MPD-specific clients available in the app-store/market of Symbian, Android and iOS.

MPD & PulseAudio

mpd supports both local and remote use of PulseAudio.

Local (as your own user)

No special options are required; just add a pulse output as described in the comments of mpd's config file.

If you want to start mpd with systemd, put the following file into /etc/systemd/system/mpd-myuser.service:

.include /usr/lib/systemd/system/mpd.service

[Unit]
Description=Music Player Daemon (running as MYUSER)

[Service]
User=MYUSER
PAMName=system-local-login

(replacing MYUSER for your username). Then do sudo systemctl enable mpd-myuser && sudo systemctl start mpd-myuser.

Local (with separate mpd user)

When run as its own user as per the wiki instructions, mpd will be unable to send sound to another user's pulseaudio server. Rather than setting up pulseaudio as a system-wide daemon, a practice strongly discouraged by upstream, you can instead configure mpd to use pulseaudio's tcp module to send sound to localhost:

First, uncomment the tcp module in /etc/pulse/default.pa or $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/default.pa (typically ~/.config/pulse/default.pa) and set 127.0.0.1 as an allowed IP address; the home directory takes precedence:

### Network access (may be configured with paprefs, so leave this commented
### here if you plan to use paprefs)
#load-module module-esound-protocol-tcp
load-module module-native-protocol-tcp auth-ip-acl=127.0.0.1
#load-module module-zeroconf-publish

Additional IP ranges in cidr notation may be added using ; as the separator. Once this is complete, restart pulseaudio:

$ pulseaudio --kill
$ pulseaudio --start -or- start-pulseaudio-x11/kde

Next, edit /etc/mpd.conf and add a new pulse output pointing to 127.0.0.1 as a "remote" server:

audio_output {
       type		"pulse"
       name		"Local Music Player Daemon"
       server		"127.0.0.1"
}

Once this is added, restart mpd.

Enable the output in mpd; you should now have a working local mpd, usable by all users whose pulseaudio servers allow sound from 127.0.0.1.

Remote

As with any PulseAudio-enabled program, mpd can send sound over the network. The complete PulseAudio system is not required on the server running mpd; libpulse is the only requirement to act as a source and is already a dependency of mpd.

In order to send audio from mpd to another computer follow the directions above, editing /etc/mpd.conf on the server running mpd using the IP address of the target computer and /etc/pulse/default.pa or $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/default.pa (typically ~/.config/pulse/default.pa) on the target computer using the IP address of the server.

Once this is done, the server's mpd source should show up on the target computer while playing or paused as a normal source able to be rerouted and controlled as usual; there will be no visible source on the target while mpd is stopped.

Cue Files

No additional steps are needed for cue support in mpd since 0.17. MPD has its own integrated parser which works with both external and embedded cuesheets.

HTTP Streaming

Since version 0.15 there is a built-in HTTP streaming daemon/server that comes with MPD. To activate this server simply set it as output device in mpd.conf:

audio_output {    
	type		"httpd"    
	name		"My HTTP Stream"    
	encoder		"vorbis"		# optional, vorbis or lame    
	port		"8000"    
#	quality		"5.0"			# do not define if bitrate is defined    
	bitrate		"128"			# do not define if quality is defined    
	format		"44100:16:1"    
}

Then to listen to this stream simply open the URL of your mpd server (along with the specified port) in your favorite music player. Note: You may have to specify the file format of the stream using an appropriate file extension in the URL. For example, using Winamp 5.5, You would use http://192.168.1.2:8000/mpd.ogg rather than http://192.168.1.2:8000/.

To use mpd to connect to the stream from another computer.

mpc add http://192.168.1.2:8000