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[[Category:Daemons and system services]]
 
 
[[Category:Database management systems]]
 
[[Category:Database management systems]]
[[tr:MySQL]]
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[[cs:MySQL]]
{{i18n|MySQL}}
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[[de:MySQL]]
 
[[de:MySQL]]
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[[es:MySQL]]
 
[[fr:MySQL]]
 
[[fr:MySQL]]
 
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[[it:MySQL]]
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[[sr:MySQL]]
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[[tr:MySQL]]
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[[zh-CN:MySQL]]
 
MySQL is a widely spread, multi-threaded, multi-user SQL database. For more information about features, see the [http://www.mysql.com/ official homepage].
 
MySQL is a widely spread, multi-threaded, multi-user SQL database. For more information about features, see the [http://www.mysql.com/ official homepage].
 
== Installation ==
 
== Installation ==
Install the {{Pkg|mysql}} package which is available in the [[Official Repositories|official repositories]].
+
[[pacman|Install]] the {{Pkg|mysql}} package from the [[Official Repositories|official repositories]].
  
After installing MySQL, you should run the setup script as root:
+
After installing MySQL, [[Daemons#Starting manually|start]] the mysqld daemon and run the setup script:
  # rc.d start mysqld && mysql_secure_installation
+
  # mysql_secure_installation
  
Then restart MySQL:
+
Then [[Daemons#Restarting|restart]] MySQL (mysqld). If you want to start MySQL at boot time, see [[Daemons#Starting on boot]].
# rc.d restart mysqld
+
 
+
To start MySQL automatically at boot, edit {{ic|/etc/[[rc.conf]]}} and add {{ic|mysqld}} to the {{ic|DAEMONS}} array.
+
 
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If you use systemd, add these two files.
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{{hc|/etc/systemd/system/mysqld.service|<nowiki>
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[Unit]
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Description=MySQL Server
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After=network.target
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[Service]
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Type=simple
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ExecStart=/usr/bin/mysqld --user=mysql --pid-file=/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid
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ExecStop=/bin/kill -15 $MAINPID
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PIDFile=/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid
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Restart=always
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[Install]
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WantedBy=multi-user.target
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</nowiki>}}
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{{hc|/etc/tmpfiles.d/mysqld.conf|<nowiki>
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# systemd tmpfile settings for mysql
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# See tmpfiles.d(5) for details
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d /var/run/mysqld 0755 mysql mysql -
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</nowiki>}}
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Start MySQL server:
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# systemctl start mysqld.service
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Start at boot:
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# systemctl enable mysqld.service
+
  
 
== Configuration ==
 
== Configuration ==
Line 53: Line 22:
 
You now should be able to do further configuration using your favorite interface. For example you can use MySQL's command line tool to log in as root into your MySQL server:
 
You now should be able to do further configuration using your favorite interface. For example you can use MySQL's command line tool to log in as root into your MySQL server:
 
  $ mysql -p -u root
 
  $ mysql -p -u root
 
To start MySQL at bootup add {{ic|mysqld}} to the list of daemons in {{ic|/etc/[[rc.conf]]}}.
 
  
 
=== Enable remote access ===
 
=== Enable remote access ===
The MySQL server does not listen on the TCP port 3306 by default. To allow (remote) TCP connections, comment the following line in {{ic|/etc/mysql/my.cnf}}:
+
The MySQL server is not accessable from the network by default. To enable listing on TCP port 3306 to allow remote connections, comment out the following line in {{ic|/etc/mysql/my.cnf}}:
 
  skip-networking
 
  skip-networking
 +
 +
=== Enable auto-completion ===
 +
The MySQL client completion feature is disabled by default. To enable it system-wide edit {{ic|/etc/mysql/my.cnf}}, and replace {{ic|no-auto-rehash}} by {{ic|auto-rehash}}. Completion will be enabled next time you run the MySQL client. Please note that enabling this feature can make the client initialization longer.
  
 
== Upgrading ==
 
== Upgrading ==
 
You might consider running this command after you have upgraded MySQL and started it:
 
You might consider running this command after you have upgraded MySQL and started it:
 
  # mysql_upgrade -u root -p
 
  # mysql_upgrade -u root -p
 
== Running multiple instances (MySQL 4 and MySQL 5)==
 
MySQL4:
 
You can get the MySQL binaries from [http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/4.1.html#downloads here]
 
It is best to install them into:
 
/usr/local/mysql
 
Copy the start-up script to:
 
/etc/rc.d
 
as instructed in the README:
 
# cp  /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/mysqld4
 
In the start-up script, it helps to explicitly set
 
Basedir=/usr/local/mysql
 
pid_file=/usr/local/var/run/mysql/mysql4.pid
 
(make sure the referenced directories are created with suitable permissions)
 
 
Copy your choice of config file:
 
# cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/my-medium.cnf /usr/local/mysql/data/my.cnf
 
 
In the config file, set the socket file and the TCP/IP port:
 
[client]
 
port            = 3307
 
socket          = /usr/local/var/run/mysql/mysql4.sock
 
 
[mysqld]
 
port            = 3307
 
socket          = /usr/local/var/run/mysqld/mysql4.sock
 
 
MySQL5:
 
The default start-up script in:
 
/etc/rc.d/mysqld
 
does not handle multiple instances of mysql.
 
 
Edit the file. Find this line:
 
getPID() {
 
  echo $(pgrep -u mysql mysqld 2>/dev/null);
 
}
 
 
And replace it with:
 
getPID() {
 
  echo $(pgrep -u mysql -f /usr/bin/mysqld 2>/dev/null);
 
}
 
 
Start up the services:
 
/etc/rc.d/mysqld start
 
/etc/rc.d/mysqld4 start
 
 
Optional, start the services automatically (in {{ic|/etc/[[rc.conf]]}}). Add the following two daemons to the DAEMONS array:
 
*mysqld4
 
*mysqld
 
 
That should be it!
 
  
 
== Troubleshooting ==
 
== Troubleshooting ==
=== Running mysqld start && mysql_secure_installation gives an error about running as root ===
 
If you see something like this:
 
[ERROR] Fatal error: Please read "Security" section of the manual to find out how to run mysqld as root!
 
[ERROR] Aborting
 
[Note] mysqld: Shutdown complete
 
you probably forgot to use {{ic|./}} in front of the command if you are in {{ic|/etc/rc.d}}, or you are not using the full path.
 
 
 
=== MySQL daemon cannot start ===
 
=== MySQL daemon cannot start ===
 
If you see something like this:
 
If you see something like this:
  # /etc/rc.d/mysqld restart
 
  :: Stopping MySQL  [FAIL]
 
 
   :: Starting MySQL  [FAIL]
 
   :: Starting MySQL  [FAIL]
 
and there is no entry in the log files, you might want to check the permissions of files in the directories {{ic|/var/lib/mysql}} and {{ic|/var/lib/mysql/mysql}}. If the owner of files in these directories is not {{ic|mysql:mysql}}, you should do the following:
 
and there is no entry in the log files, you might want to check the permissions of files in the directories {{ic|/var/lib/mysql}} and {{ic|/var/lib/mysql/mysql}}. If the owner of files in these directories is not {{ic|mysql:mysql}}, you should do the following:
Line 132: Line 42:
 
If you run into permission problems despite having followed the above, ensure that your {{ic|my.cnf}} is copied to {{ic|/etc/}}:
 
If you run into permission problems despite having followed the above, ensure that your {{ic|my.cnf}} is copied to {{ic|/etc/}}:
 
   # cp /etc/mysql/my.cnf /etc/my.cnf
 
   # cp /etc/mysql/my.cnf /etc/my.cnf
Now try and restart the daemon.
+
Now try and start the daemon.
  
 
If you get these messages in your {{ic|/var/lib/mysql/hostname.err}}
 
If you get these messages in your {{ic|/var/lib/mysql/hostname.err}}
Line 138: Line 48:
 
   [ERROR] Do you already have another mysqld server running on socket: /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock ?
 
   [ERROR] Do you already have another mysqld server running on socket: /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock ?
 
   [ERROR] Aborting
 
   [ERROR] Aborting
you should change permissions of {{ic|/var/run/mysqld}} like so:
+
The permissions of {{ic|/var/run/mysqld}} could be the culprit.
 
   # chown mysql:mysql /var/run/mysqld -R
 
   # chown mysql:mysql /var/run/mysqld -R
 +
 
If you run mysqld and the following error appears:
 
If you run mysqld and the following error appears:
 
   Fatal error: Can’t open and lock privilege tables: Table ‘mysql.host’ doesn’t exist
 
   Fatal error: Can’t open and lock privilege tables: Table ‘mysql.host’ doesn’t exist
Line 146: Line 57:
 
   # mysql_install_db --user=mysql --ldata=/var/lib/mysql/
 
   # mysql_install_db --user=mysql --ldata=/var/lib/mysql/
  
=== Unable to run mysql_upgrade because MySQL cannot start. ===
+
=== Unable to run mysql_upgrade because MySQL cannot start ===
 
Try run MySQL in safemode:
 
Try run MySQL in safemode:
 
  # mysqld_safe --datadir=/var/lib/mysql/
 
  # mysqld_safe --datadir=/var/lib/mysql/
Line 152: Line 63:
 
  # mysql_upgrade -u root -p
 
  # mysql_upgrade -u root -p
  
=== How to Reset the Root Password ===
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=== Reset the root password ===
Stop the mysqld daemon
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[[Daemons#Starting_manually|Stop]] mysqld
# /etc/rc.d/mysqld stop
+
 
  # mysqld_safe --skip-grant-tables &
 
  # mysqld_safe --skip-grant-tables &
 
Connect to the mysql server
 
Connect to the mysql server
Line 162: Line 72:
 
   mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
 
   mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
 
   mysql> exit
 
   mysql> exit
Then restart the daemon:
+
[[Daemons#Starting_manually|Start]] mysqld.
# /etc/rc.d/mysqld restart
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You are done.
+
 
+
=== How to Enable Auto-completion ===
+
On Arch, the MySQL client completion feature is disabled by default. To enable it system-wide edit {{ic|/etc/mysql/my.cnf}}, search for {{ic|no-auto-rehash}} and replace it by :
+
#no-auto-rehash
+
auto-rehash
+
Completion will be enabled next time you run the MySQL client. Please note that enabling this feature can make the client initialization longer.
+
  
== More Resources ==
+
== See also ==
 +
* [[MariaDB]]
 
* [[LAMP]] - Arch wiki article covering the setup of a LAMP server (Linux Apache MySQL PHP)
 
* [[LAMP]] - Arch wiki article covering the setup of a LAMP server (Linux Apache MySQL PHP)
 
* http://www.mysql.com/
 
* http://www.mysql.com/
* Front-ends: {{AUR|mysql-gui-tools}} {{Pkg|mysql-workbench}}
+
* Front-ends: {{AUR|mysql-gui-tools}} {{AUR|mysql-workbench}}

Revision as of 12:53, 2 January 2013

MySQL is a widely spread, multi-threaded, multi-user SQL database. For more information about features, see the official homepage.

Installation

Install the mysql package from the official repositories.

After installing MySQL, start the mysqld daemon and run the setup script:

# mysql_secure_installation

Then restart MySQL (mysqld). If you want to start MySQL at boot time, see Daemons#Starting on boot.

Configuration

Once you have started the MySQL server, you probably want to add a root account in order to maintain your MySQL users and databases. This can be done manually or automatically, as mentioned by the output of the above script. Either run the commands to set a password for the root account, or run the secure installation script.

You now should be able to do further configuration using your favorite interface. For example you can use MySQL's command line tool to log in as root into your MySQL server:

$ mysql -p -u root

Enable remote access

The MySQL server is not accessable from the network by default. To enable listing on TCP port 3306 to allow remote connections, comment out the following line in /etc/mysql/my.cnf:

skip-networking

Enable auto-completion

The MySQL client completion feature is disabled by default. To enable it system-wide edit /etc/mysql/my.cnf, and replace no-auto-rehash by auto-rehash. Completion will be enabled next time you run the MySQL client. Please note that enabling this feature can make the client initialization longer.

Upgrading

You might consider running this command after you have upgraded MySQL and started it:

# mysql_upgrade -u root -p

Troubleshooting

MySQL daemon cannot start

If you see something like this:

 :: Starting MySQL  [FAIL]

and there is no entry in the log files, you might want to check the permissions of files in the directories /var/lib/mysql and /var/lib/mysql/mysql. If the owner of files in these directories is not mysql:mysql, you should do the following:

 # chown mysql:mysql /var/lib/mysql -R

If you run into permission problems despite having followed the above, ensure that your my.cnf is copied to /etc/:

 # cp /etc/mysql/my.cnf /etc/my.cnf

Now try and start the daemon.

If you get these messages in your /var/lib/mysql/hostname.err

 [ERROR] Can't start server : Bind on unix socket: Permission denied
 [ERROR] Do you already have another mysqld server running on socket: /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock ?
 [ERROR] Aborting

The permissions of /var/run/mysqld could be the culprit.

 # chown mysql:mysql /var/run/mysqld -R

If you run mysqld and the following error appears:

 Fatal error: Can’t open and lock privilege tables: Table ‘mysql.host’ doesn’t exist

Run the following command from the /usr directory to install the default tables:

 # cd /usr
 # mysql_install_db --user=mysql --ldata=/var/lib/mysql/

Unable to run mysql_upgrade because MySQL cannot start

Try run MySQL in safemode:

# mysqld_safe --datadir=/var/lib/mysql/

And then run:

# mysql_upgrade -u root -p

Reset the root password

Stop mysqld

# mysqld_safe --skip-grant-tables &

Connect to the mysql server

# mysql -u root mysql

Change root password:

 mysql> UPDATE mysql.user SET Password=PASSWORD('MyNewPass') WHERE User='root';
 mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
 mysql> exit

Start mysqld.

See also