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Revision as of 17:13, 1 September 2012 by Sambul13 (Talk | contribs) (Build-in Configuration)

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netconsole is a kernel module that sends all kernel log messages (i.e. dmesg) over the network to another computer, without involving user space (e.g. syslogd). Name "netconsole" is a misnomer because it's not really a "console", more like a remote logging service.

It can be used either built-in or as a module. Built-in netconsole initializes immediately after NIC cards and will bring up the specified interface as soon as possible. The module is mainly used for capturing kernel panic output from a headless machine, or in other situations where the user space is no more functional.

Documentation is available in the Linux kernel tree under Documentation/networking/netconsole.txt

Build-in Configuration

Netconsole and other modules' Kernel parameters can be passed from a bootloader to kernel at its start via kernel command line by modifying the bootloader environment, which is type and version specific. Example for Uboot, where 1st IP is Dockstar ArchLinux device's netconsole Out IP and Port, and 2nd IP is your PC's netconsole In IP and Port:

fw_setenv usb_custom_params 'loglevel=7 netconsole=6666@,6666@'

Logging is done by your ArchLinux release default logger like syslog-ng, so available loglevels (output details) are defined in that logger docs, and may differ for each log type. One can also pass netconsole parameters at kernel runtime, then start netconsole on a remote PC and restart it on the PC or device you are logging:

# set log level for kernel messages
dmesg -n 8


Dynamic configuration

# set log level for kernel messages
dmesg -n 8

modprobe configfs
modprobe netconsole
mount none -t configfs /sys/kernel/config

mkdir /sys/kernel/config/netconsole/target1
cd /sys/kernel/config/netconsole/target1

# set local IP address
echo > local_ip
# set destination IP address
echo > remote_ip
# find destination MAC address
arping `cat remote_ip` -f |grep -o ..:..:..:..:..:.. > remote_mac

echo 1 > enabled

netconsole should now be configured. To verify, run 'dmesg |tail' and you should see "netconsole: network logging started"


nc -u -l 6666


nc -u -l -p 6666