Nextcloud

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From Wikipedia:

Nextcloud is a suite of client-server software for creating and using file hosting services. It is functionally similar to Dropbox, although Nextcloud is free and open-source, allowing anyone to install and operate it on a private server. In contrast to proprietary services like Dropbox, the open architecture allows adding additional functionality to the server in form of applications.

Nextcloud is a fork of ownCloud. For differences between the two, see wikipedia:Nextcloud#Differences from ownCloud.

Prerequisites

Nextcloud requires several components:

These will be configured in #Setup.

Make sure the required components are installed before proceeding.

Installation

Install the nextcloud package.

Setup

As stated above, in order to setup Nextcloud, you must set up the appropriate PHP requirements; additionally, you must configure a database and a webserver.

Pacman hook

To do nextcloud database upgrade automatically you may set up pacman post upgrade hook based on following example:

 # Update Nextcloud when core or -apps are touched
 
 [Trigger]
 Operation = Install
 Operation = Upgrade
 Type = Package
 Target = nextcloud
 Target = nextcloud-app-*
 
 [Action]
 Description = Updating Nextcloud installation
 When = PostTransaction
 Exec = /usr/bin/runuser -u http -- /usr/bin/php /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/occ upgrade

You need to put it into /etc/pacman.d/hooks/nextcloud.hook if you did not customize HookDir in pacman.conf.

See also Pacman#Hooks

PHP setup

Note: Nextcloud does not support PHP 7.2 as of version 12.0.4. [1] Until version 13 is released, install the php70AUR package or update to nextcloud-testingAUR.
Tip: For all prerequisite PHP modules, see upstream documentation: Nextcloud 12.0.

Install PHP#gd and php-intl as additional modules.

Some apps(News for example) require the iconv extension, if you wish to use these apps, uncomment the extension in /etc/php/php.ini.

Depending on which database backend will be used:

Performance may be improved through the implementation of caching, see Configuring Memory Caching on the official documentation for details.

Database setup

An SQL database must be setup and used for your Nextcloud installation. After setting up the database here, you will be prompted for its information when you first create an administrator account.

MariaDB

Note: It's is highly recommended to set binlog_format to mixed [2] in /etc/mysql/my.cnf.

The following is an example of setting up a MariaDB database and user:

$ mysql -u root -p
mysql> CREATE DATABASE `nextcloud` DEFAULT CHARACTER SET `utf8` COLLATE `utf8_unicode_ci`;
mysql> CREATE USER `nextcloud`@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON `nextcloud`.* TO `nextcloud`@`localhost`;
mysql> \q

PostgreSQL

The following is an example of setting up a PostgreSQL user and database:

$ sudo -u postgres createuser -h localhost -P nextcloud
Enter password for new role:
Enter it again:
$ sudo -u postgres createdb -O nextcloud nextcloud

Webserver setup

Warning: It is recommended to use TLS/SSL (HTTPS) over plain HTTP, see Apache#TLS/SSL or Nginx#TLS/SSL for examples and implement this in the examples given below.

Depending on which webserver you are using, further setup is required, indicated below.

Apache

If you haven't already, install Apache and install and enable Apache's PHP module

Copy the Apache configuration file to the configuration directory:

# cp /etc/webapps/nextcloud/apache.example.conf /etc/httpd/conf/extra/nextcloud.conf

Modify the file according to your preferences. By default it includes an alias for /nextcloud pointing to /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud.

And include it in /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf:

Include conf/extra/nextcloud.conf

Ensure that the root location of your Nextcloud installation (e.g., /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud) is accessible by the webserver's user http.

Now restart Apache (httpd.service).

WebDAV

Nextcloud comes with its own WebDAV implementation enabled, which may conflict with the one shipped with Apache. If you have enabled WebDAV in Apache (not enabled by default), disable the modules mod_dav and mod_dav_fs in /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf. See [3] for details.

Nginx

Create an empty directory to hold the cloud-specific config file:

# mkdir /etc/nginx/conf.d/

In /etc/nginx/nginx.conf, add the following lines under the "http" section:

http {
...
...
server_names_hash_bucket_size 64;
include conf.d/*.conf;
}


Create a config file /etc/nginx/conf.d/nextcloud.conf according to the documentation. You will have to change the root location, as the Arch package installs to /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud instead of /var/www/nextcloud.

Addtitionally, you change the php-handler block so it looks like this one

upstream php-handler {
   server unix:/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock;
}

in the /etc/nginx/conf.d/nextcloud.conf file.

From this point on, it is recommended to obtain a secure-certificates using Let's Encrypt, see #Security Hardening.

PHP-FPM configuration

Make sure PHP-FPM has been configured correctly as described in Nginx#FastCGI.

Uncomment env[PATH] = /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin in /etc/php/php-fpm.d/www.conf and restart php-fpm.service to apply the changes.

Initialize

Open the address where you have installed Nextcloud in a web browser (e.g., https://www.examples.com/nextcloud).

Create storage directories

You will now see "Cannot write into "apps" directory". This is because Arch packages Nextcloud in a way where the apps folder only has the webserver as a group without web permissions and the data folder is nonexistent.

The easiest non-conflicting way is to create a new writable folder for apps and also create a writable data folder. Replace the http group with the group your webserver uses if needed.

# mkdir -p /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/data
# mkdir -p /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/apps2
# chown http:http /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/data
# chown http:http /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/apps2
# chmod 700 /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/data
# chmod 700 /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/apps2

Next edit the configuration file at /etc/webapps/nextcloud/config/config.php and add following lines before the closing ); of the file.

/etc/webapps/nextcloud/config/config.php
'apps_paths' =>
  array (
    0 =>
    array (
      'path' => '/usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/apps',
      'url' => '/apps',
      'writable' => false,
    ),
    1 =>
    array (
      'path' => '/usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/apps2',
      'url' => '/apps2',
      'writable' => true,
    ),
  ),
  'datadirectory' => '/usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/data'

Refresh the page and the error should be gone.

From there follow the instructions in adding an administrator account as well as selecting the database you created earlier.

Security Hardening

The Nextcloud Hardening and Security article guides along generic topics. See also the project's Security scanner.

Let's Encrypt

nginx

Tango-go-next.pngThis article or section is a candidate for moving to Let's Encrypt.Tango-go-next.png

Notes: A simple example of configuring an 'empty' domain for Let's Encrypt should be created. The example file given is too big and could be far easier. (Discuss in Talk:Nextcloud#)

1. Create the cloud configuration /etc/nginx/conf.d/cloud-initial.conf using this initial file as a template. Substitute the literal "@@FQDN@@" in the template file with the actual FQDN to be used. The certs for the server need to be generated using this unencrypted configuration initially. Follow the steps outlined on Let’s Encrypt to generate the server encryption certificates.

2. Upon successfully generating certificates, replace /etc/nginx/conf.d/cloud-initial.conf (it may be safely renamed so long as it does not end in ".conf" or simply deleted) with a new file, /etc/nginx/conf.d/cloud.conf using this file as a template. Again, substitute the literal "@@FQDN@@" in the template file with the actual FQDN to be used. Start and optionally enable nginx.service.

uWSGI

You can run Nextcloud in its own process and service by using the uWSGI application server with uwsgi-plugin-php. This allows you to define a PHP configuration only for this instance of PHP, without the need to edit the global php.ini and thus keeping your web application configurations compartmentalized. uWSGI itself has a wealth of features to limit the resource use and to harden the security of the application, and by being a separate process it can run under its own user.

The only part that differs from #php-fpm configuration[broken link: invalid section] is the location ~ \.php(?:$|/) {} block:

  location ~ \.php(?:$|/) {
    include uwsgi_params;
    uwsgi_modifier1 14;
    # Avoid duplicate headers confusing OC checks
    uwsgi_hide_header X-Frame-Options;
    uwsgi_hide_header X-XSS-Protection;
    uwsgi_hide_header X-Content-Type-Options;
    uwsgi_hide_header X-Robots-Tag;
    uwsgi_pass unix:/run/uwsgi/nextcloud.sock;
    }

Then create a config file for uWSGI:

/etc/uwsgi/nextcloud.ini
[uwsgi]
; load the required plugins
plugins = php
; force the sapi name to 'apache', this will enable the opcode cache  
php-sapi-name = apache

; set master process name and socket
; '%n' refers to the name of this configuration file without extension
procname-master = uwsgi %n
master = true
socket = /run/uwsgi/%n.sock

; drop privileges
uid    = http
gid    = http
umask  = 027

; run with at least 1 process but increase up to 4 when needed
processes = 4
cheaper = 1

; reload whenever this config file changes
; %p is the full path of the current config file
touch-reload = %p

; disable uWSGI request logging
;disable-logging = true

; enforce a DOCUMENT_ROOT
php-docroot     = /usr/share/webapps/%n
; limit allowed extensions
php-allowed-ext = .php
; and search for index.php if required
php-index = index.php

; set php configuration for this instance of php, no need to edit global php.ini
php-set = date.timezone=Etc/UTC
;php-set = open_basedir=/tmp/:/usr/share/webapps/nextcloud:/etc/webapps/nextcloud:/dev/urandom
php-set = expose_php=false
; avoid security risk of leaving sessions in world-readable /tmp
php-set = session.save_path=/usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/data

; port of php directives set upstream in /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/.user.ini for use with PHP-FPM
php-set = upload_max_filesize=513M
php-set = post_max_size=513M
php-set = memory_limit=512M
php-set = output_buffering=off

; load all extensions only in this instance of php, no need to edit global php.ini
;; required core modules
php-set = extension=gd
php-set = extension=iconv
;php-set = extension=zip     # enabled by default in global php.ini

;; database connectors
;; uncomment your selected driver
;php-set = extension=pdo_sqlite
;php-set = extension=pdo_mysql
;php-set = extension=pdo_pgsql

;; recommended extensions
;php-set = extension=curl    # enabled by default in global php.ini
php-set = extension=bz2
php-set = extension=intl

;; required for specific apps
;php-set = extension=ldap    # for LDAP integration
;php-set = extension=ftp     # for FTP storage / external user authentication
;php-set = extension=imap    # for external user authentication, requires php-imap

;; recommended for specific apps
;php-set = extension=exif    # for image rotation in pictures app, requires exiv2
;php-set = extension=gmp     # for SFTP storage

;; for preview generation
;; provided by packages in AUR
; php-set = extension=imagick

; opcache
php-set = zend_extension=opcache

; user cache
; provided by php-acpu, to be enabled **either** here **or** in /etc/php/conf.d/apcu.ini
php-set = extension=apcu
; per https://github.com/krakjoe/apcu/blob/simplify/INSTALL
php-set = apc.ttl=7200
php-set = apc.enable_cli=1

cron2 = minute=-15,unique=1 /usr/bin/php -f /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/cron.php 1>/dev/null
Note: * Do not forget to set your timezone and uncomment the required database connector in the uWSGI config file
  • The open_basedir directive is optional and commented out. You can uncomment to harden security. Be aware that it may occasionally break things.
  • Use php-docroot = /usr/share/webapps if placing nextcloud in /nextcloud subdirectory.
Warning: The way the Nextcloud background job is currently set up with uWSGI cron will make use of the default global configuration from /etc/php/php.ini. This means that none of the specific parameters defined (e.g. required modules) will be enabled, leading to various issues. One solution is to copy /etc/php/php.ini to e.g. /etc/uwsgi/cron-php.ini, make the required modifications there (mirroring /etc/uwsgi/nextcloud.ini parameters) and referencing it in the cron directive by adding the -c /etc/uwsgi/cron-php.ini option to php invocation.

Activation

uWSGI provides a template unit that allows to start and enable application using their configuration file name as instance identifier. For example:

# systemctl start uwsgi@nextcloud.socket

would start it on demand referencing the configuration file /etc/uwsgi/nextcloud.ini.

To enable the uwsgi service by default at start-up, run:

# systemctl enable uwsgi@nextcloud.socket
Note: Here we make use of systemd socket activation to prevent unnecessary resources consumption when no connections are made to the instance. If you would rather have it constantly active, simply remove the .socket part to start and enable the service instead.

See also UWSGI#Starting service[broken link: invalid section].

Setting strong permissions for the filesystem

You should set the permissions for config/, data/ and apps/ as strict as possible. That means that your HTTP user (http in case of apache) should own them, and the should have 700 permissions. You can use the following script to achieve this.

Tango-edit-clear.pngThis article or section needs language, wiki syntax or style improvements.Tango-edit-clear.png

Reason: Complex script for trivial one-time task. (Discuss in Talk:Nextcloud#)
oc-perms
#!/bin/bash
ocpath='/usr/share/webapps/nextcloud'
htuser='http'
htgroup='http'
rootuser='root'

printf "Creating possible missing Directories\n"
mkdir -p $ocpath/data
mkdir -p $ocpath/assets

printf "chmod Files and Directories\n"
find ${ocpath}/ -type f -print0 | xargs -0 chmod 0640
find ${ocpath}/ -type d -print0 | xargs -0 chmod 0750

printf "chown Directories\n"
chown -R ${rootuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/apps/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/assets/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/config/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/data/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/themes/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/updater/

chmod +x ${ocpath}/occ

printf "chmod/chown .htaccess\n"
if [ -f ${ocpath}/.htaccess ]
 then
  chmod 0644 ${ocpath}/.htaccess
  chown ${rootuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/.htaccess
fi
if [ -f ${ocpath}/data/.htaccess ]
 then
  chmod 0644 ${ocpath}/data/.htaccess
  chown ${rootuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/data/.htaccess
fi

If you have customized your Nextcloud installation and your filepaths are different than the standard installation, then modify this script accordingly.

Synchronization

Desktop

The official client can be installed with the owncloud-client or nextcloud-clientAUR package. Alternative versions are available in the AUR: owncloud-client-gitAUR.

Calendar

To access your Nextcloud calendars using Mozilla Thunderbird's Lightning calendar you would use the following URL:

https://ADDRESS/remote.php/caldav/calendars/USERNAME/CALENDARNAME

To access your Nextcloud calendars using CalDAV-compatible programs like Kontact or Evolution, you would use the following URL:

https://ADDRESS/remote.php/caldav

For details see the official documentation.

Contacts

To sync contacts with Thunderbird, see these instructions from the official doc.

Mounting files with davfs2

If you want to mount your ownCloud permanently install davfs2 (as described in davfs2) first.

Considering your ownCloud were at https://own.example.com, your WebDAV URL would be https://own.example.com/remote.php/webdav (as of ownCloud 6.0).

To mount your ownCloud, use:

# mount -t davfs https://own.example.com/remote.php/webdav /path/to/mount

You can also create an entry for this in /etc/fstab

/etc/fstab
https://own.example.com/remote.php/webdav /path/to/mount davfs rw,user,noauto 0 0
Tip: In order to allow automount you can also store your username (and password if you like) in a file as described in davfs2#Storing credentials.
Note: If creating/copying files is not possible, while the same operations work on directories, see davfs2#Creating/copying files not possible and/or freezes.

Mounting files in GNOME Files (Nautilus)

You can access the files directly in Nautilus ('+ Other Locations') through WebDAV protocol - use the link as shown in your Nextcloud installation Web GUI (typically: https://example.org/remote.php/webdav/) but replace the protocol name from 'https' to 'davs'. Nautilus will ask for user name and password when trying to connect.

Android

Download the official Nextcloud app from Google Play.

To enable contacts and calendar sync (Android 4+):

  1. download DAVdroid (Play Store, F-Droid)
  2. Enable mod_rewrite.so in httpd.conf
  3. create a new DAVdroid account in the Account settings, and specify your "short" server address and login/password couple, e.g. https://cloud.example.com (there is no need for the /remote.php/{carddav,webdav} part if you configured your web server with the proper redirections, as illustrated previously in the article; DAVdroid will find itself the right URLs)

iOS

Download the official Nextcloud app from the App Store.

SABnzbd

When using SABnzbd, you might want to set

folder_rename 0

in your sabnzbd.ini file, because ownCloud will scan the files as soon as they get uploaded, preventing SABnzbd from removing UNPACKING prefixes etc.

Troubleshooting

Tango-view-refresh-red.pngThis article or section is out of date.Tango-view-refresh-red.png

Reason: A lot of references to OwnCloud, are these still valid with Nextcloud? (Discuss in Talk:Nextcloud#)

Self-signed certificate not accepted

ownCloud uses Wikipedia:cURL and Wikipedia:SabreDAV to check if WebDAV is enabled. If you use SSL/TLS with a self-signed certificate, e.g. as shown in LAMP, and access ownCloud's admin panel, you will see the following error message:

Your web server is not yet properly setup to allow files synchronization because the WebDAV interface seems to be broken.

Assuming that you followed the LAMP tutorial, execute the following steps:

Create a local directory for non-distribution certificates and copy LAMPs certificate there. This will prevent ca-certificates-updates from overwriting it.

# cp /etc/httpd/conf/server.crt /usr/share/ca-certificates/WWW.EXAMPLE.COM.crt

Add WWW.EXAMPLE.COM.crt to /etc/ca-certificates.conf:

WWW.EXAMPLE.COM.crt

Now, regenerate your certificate store:

# update-ca-certificates

Restart the httpd service to activate your certificate.

Self-signed certificate for Android devices

Once you have followed the setup for SSL, as on LAMP for example, early versions of DAVdroid will reject the connection because the certificate is not trusted. A certificate can be made as follows on your server:

 # openssl x509 -req -days 365 -in /etc/httpd/conf/server.csr -signkey /etc/httpd/conf/server.key -extfile android.txt -out CA.crt
 # openssl x509 -inform PEM -outform DER -in CA.crt -out CA.der.crt 

The file android.txt should contain the following:

 basicConstraints=CA:true

Then import CA.der.crt to your Android device:

Put the CA.der.crt file onto the sdcard of your Android device (usually to the internal one, e.g. save from a mail attachment). It should be in the root directory. Go to Settings > Security > Credential storage and select Install from device storage. The .crt file will be detected and you will be prompted to enter a certificate name. After importing the certificate, you will find it in Settings > Security > Credential storage > Trusted credentials > User.

Thanks to: [4]

Another way is to import the certificate directly from your server via CAdroid and follow the instructions there.

Cannot write into config directory!

If you have set open_basedir in your PHP/web server configuration file (e.g. /etc/httpd/conf/extra/nextcloud.conf), make sure that it includes /etc/webapps.

Restart the web server to apply the change.

Cannot create data directory

If you have set open_basedir in your PHP/web server configuration file (e.g. /etc/httpd/conf/extra/nextcloud.conf), make sure that it includes the data directory.

Restart the web server to apply the change.

CSync failed to find a specific file.

This is most likely a certificate issue. Recreate it, and do not leave the common name empty or you will see the error again.

# openssl req -new -x509 -nodes -newkey rsa:4096 -keyout server.key -out server.crt

Seeing white page after login

The cause is probably a new app that you installed. To fix that, you can use the occ command as described here. So with

sudo -u http php /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/occ app:list

you can list all apps (if you installed nextcloud in the standard directory), and with

sudo -u http php /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/occ app:disable <nameOfExtension>

you can disable the troubling app.

Alternatively, you can either use phpMyAdmin to edit the oc_appconfig table (if you got lucky and the table has an edit option), or do it by hand with mysql:

mysql -u root -p owncloud
MariaDB [owncloud]> delete from oc_appconfig where appid='<nameOfExtension>' and configkey='enabled' and configvalue='yes';
MariaDB [owncloud]> insert into oc_appconfig (appid,configkey,configvalue) values ('<nameOfExtension>','enabled','no');

This should delete the relevant configuration from the table and add it again.

GUI sync client fails to connect

If using HTTP basic authentication, make sure to exclude "status.php", which must be publicly accessible. [5]

Some files upload, but give an error 'Integrity constraint violation...'

You may see the following error in the ownCloud sync client:

   SQLSTATE[23000]: Integrity constraint violation: ... Duplicate entry '...' for key 'fs_storage_path_hash')...

This is caused by an issue with the File Locking app, which is often not sufficient to keep conflicts from occurring on some webserver configurations. A more complete Transactional File Locking is available that rids these errors, but you must be using the Redis php-caching method. Install redis and php-redisAUR, comment out your current php-cache mechanism, and then in /etc/php/conf.d/redis.ini uncomment extension=redis. Then in config.php make the following changes:

   'memcache.local' => '\OC\Memcache\Redis',
   'filelocking.enabled' => 'true',
   'memcache.locking' => '\OC\Memcache\Redis',
   'redis' => array(
        'host' => 'localhost',
        'port' => 6379,
        'timeout' => 0.0,
         ),

and start/enable redis.service.

Finally, disable the File Locking App, as the Transational File Locking will take care of it (and would conflict).

If everything is working, you should see 'Transactional File Locking Enabled' under Server Status on the Admin page, and syncs should no longer cause issues.

"Cannot write into apps directory"

As mentioned in the official admin manual, either you need an apps directory that is writable by the http user, or you need to set appstoreenabled to false.

Installed apps get blocked because of MIME type error

If you're putting your apps folder outside of the nextcloud installation directory make sure your webserver serves it properly.

In nginx this is accomplished by adding a location block to the nginx configuration as the folder will not be included in it by default.

location ~ /apps2/(.*)$ {
    alias /var/www/nextcloud/apps/$1;
}

Security warnings even though the recommended settings have been included in nginx.conf

At the top of the admin page there might be a warning to set the Strict-Transport-Security, X-Content-Type-Options, X-Frame-Options, X-XSS-Protection and X-Robots-Tag according to https://docs.nextcloud.com/server/12/admin_manual/configuration_server/harden_server.html even though they are already set like that.

A possible cause could be that because owncloud sets those settings, uwsgi passed them along and nginx added them again:

$ curl -I https://domain.tld
...
X-XSS-Protection: 1; mode=block
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
X-Frame-Options: Sameorigin
X-Robots-Tag: none
Strict-Transport-Security: max-age=15768000; includeSubDomains; preload;
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
X-Frame-Options: SAMEORIGIN
X-XSS-Protection: 1; mode=block
X-Robots-Tag: none

While the fast_cgi sample config has a parameter to avoid that ( fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true; #Avoid sending the security headers twice ), when using uwsgi and nginx the following modification of the uwsgi part in nginx.conf could help:

 /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
...
        # pass all .php or .php/path urls to uWSGI
        location ~ ^(.+\.php)(.*)$ {
            include uwsgi_params;
            uwsgi_modifier1 14;
            # hode following headers received from uwsgi, because otherwise we would send them twice since we already add them in nginx itself
            uwsgi_hide_header X-Frame-Options;
            uwsgi_hide_header X-XSS-Protection;
            uwsgi_hide_header X-Content-Type-Options;
            uwsgi_hide_header X-Robots-Tag;
            uwsgi_hide_header X-Frame-Options;
            #Uncomment line below if you get connection refused error. Remember to commet out line with "uwsgi_pass 127.0.0.1:3001;" below
            uwsgi_pass unix:/run/uwsgi/owncloud.sock;
            #uwsgi_pass 127.0.0.1:3001;
        }
...

"Reading from keychain failed with error: 'No keychain service available'"

Can be fixed for Gnome by installing the following 2 packages, libgnome-keyring and gnome-keyring. Or the following for KDE, libgnome-keyring and qtkeychain.

FolderSync: "Method Not Allowed"

FolderSync needs access to /owncloud/remote.php/webdav, so you could create another alias for owncloud in your /etc/httpd/conf/extra/nextcloud.conf

  <IfModule mod_alias.c>
    Alias /nextcloud /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/
    Alias /owncloud /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/
  </IfModule>

Tips and tricks

Running ownCloud in a subdirectory

By including the default owncloud.conf in httpd.conf, ownCloud will take control of port 80 and your localhost domain.

If you would like to have ownCloud run in a subdirectory, then edit the /etc/httpd/conf/extra/owncloud.conf you included and comment out the <VirtualHost *:80> ... </VirtualHost> part of the include file.

You can use the following nginx config when using owncloud with uwsgi:

/etc/nginx/conf.d/owncloud.conf
location = /.well-known/carddav {
  return 301 $scheme://$host/owncloud/remote.php/dav;
}

location = /.well-known/caldav {
  return 301 $scheme://$host/owncloud/remote.php/dav;
}

location /.well-known/acme-challenge { }

location ^~ /owncloud {

  root /usr/share/webapps;

  # set max upload size
  client_max_body_size 512M;
  fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;

  # Disable gzip to avoid the removal of the ETag header
  gzip off;

  # Uncomment if your server is build with the ngx_pagespeed module
  # This module is currently not supported.
  #pagespeed off;

  location /owncloud {
    rewrite ^ /owncloud/index.php$uri;
  }

  location ~ ^/owncloud/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)/ {
    deny all;
  }

  location ~ ^/owncloud/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console) {
    deny all;
  }

  location ~ ^/owncloud/(?:updater|ocs-provider)(?:$|/) {
    try_files $uri/ =404;
    index index.php;
  }

  location ~ ^/owncloud/(?:index|remote|public|cron|core/ajax/update|status|ocs/v[12]|updater/.+|ocs-provider/.+|core/templates/40[34])\.php(?:$|/) {
    include uwsgi_params;
    uwsgi_modifier1 14;
    # Avoid duplicate headers confusing OC checks
    uwsgi_hide_header X-Frame-Options;
    uwsgi_hide_header X-XSS-Protection;
    uwsgi_hide_header X-Content-Type-Options;
    uwsgi_hide_header X-Robots-Tag;
    uwsgi_pass unix:/run/uwsgi/owncloud.sock;
  }

  # Adding the cache control header for js and css files
  # Make sure it is BELOW the PHP block
  location ~* \.(?:css|js) {
    try_files $uri /owncloud/index.php$uri$is_args$args;
    add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=7200";
    # Add headers to serve security related headers  (It is intended
    # to have those duplicated to the ones above)
    # Before enabling Strict-Transport-Security headers please read
    # into this topic first.
    # add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000;
    # includeSubDomains; preload;";
    add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
    add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN";
    add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
    add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
    add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
    add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;
    # Optional: Don't log access to assets
    access_log off;
  }

  location ~* \.(?:svg|gif|png|html|ttf|woff|ico|jpg|jpeg) {
    try_files $uri /owncloud/index.php$uri$is_args$args;
    # Optional: Don't log access to other assets
    access_log off;
  }
}

Docker

See the ownCloud or Nextcloud repository for Docker.

Upload and share from File Manager

shareLinkCreator provides the ability to upload a file to OwnCloud via a supported file manager and receive a link to the uploaded file which can then be emailed or shared in another way.

Defining Background Jobs

Nextcloud requires scheduled execution of some tasks, and by default it archives this by using AJAX, however AJAX is the least reliable method, and it is recommended to use Cron instead. However, ArchLinux ships with systemd, so the preferred way of executing scheduled tasks is a systemd timer.

First create a service:

/etc/systemd/system/nextcloudcron.service
[Unit]
Description=Nextcloud cron.php job

[Service]
User=http
ExecStart=/usr/bin/php -f /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/cron.php

[Install]
WantedBy=basic.target

Then create a timer for that service:

/etc/systemd/system/nextcloudcron.timer
[Unit]
Description=Run Nextcloud cron.php every 15 minutes

[Timer]
OnBootSec=5min
OnUnitActiveSec=15min
Unit=nextcloudcron.service

[Install]
WantedBy=timers.target

Start/enable nextcloudcron.timer.

Confirm that it is running by running

# systemctl list-timers

Collabora Online Office integration

Install nextcloud-app-collabora-onlineAUR from the AUR. This app needs a “CODE” backend, with 2 possible choices:

Solution with Docker: CODE backend using the official Docker image

Add following reverse proxy settings to your nextcloud domain config, in this case for Nginx:

# static files
location ^~ /loleaflet {
 proxy_pass https://localhost:9980;
 proxy_set_header Host $http_host;
}
# WOPI discovery URL
location ^~ /hosting/discovery {
 proxy_pass https://localhost:9980;
 proxy_set_header Host $http_host;
}
# websockets, download, presentation and image upload
location ^~ /lool {
 proxy_pass https://localhost:9980;
 proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
 proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";
 proxy_set_header Host $http_host;
}

There's also a setup instruction for Apache. Assuming you already have the docker daemon up and running, you can now pull the latest docker image for Collabora Online. Adjust the second command with the domain name of your Nextcloud server.

docker pull collabora/code
docker run -t -d -p 127.0.0.1:9980:9980 -e 'domain=localhost' --net host --restart always --cap-add MKNOD collabora/code

When updating the docker image you can run the same commands, but before that kill all running processes of the old image:

docker ps
docker stop CONTAINER_ID
docker rm CONTAINER_ID

Now you can enable the Collabora Online app in your Nextcloud instance. In the last step, you have to configure your domain in the administrator settings regarding the Collabora Online app.

Solution without Docker: CODE backend using an Archlinux package

The collabora-online-server-nodockerAUR package brings to your Archlinux installation 1º Collabora Office (the desktop suite), and 2º the “CODE” (Collabora Online Development Edition) server, which is based on “lool” (LibreOffice OnLine).

Alter the `/etc/loolwsd/loolwsd.xml` file, so that:

  • `config > server_name` contains the host and port of the public Nextcloud address, separated by a colon (eg. `example.org:443`),
  • `config > ssl > enable` is false (ie. web browser —HTTPS→ proxy —HTTP→ loolwsd),
  • `config > ssl > termination` is true (I suppose you’ll manage TLS at the proxy level),
  • `config > storage > wopi > host` reflects the actual hostname (or pattern) of the proxy server (eg. `(?:.*\.)?example\.org`),
  • `config > admin_console > username` and `config > admin_console > password` are set to values of your choice.

Then:

  • start and enable `loolwsd.service`;
  • configure Nginx as showed in /usr/share/doc/loolwsd/example.nginx.conf, and restart it.

See also